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1.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477820

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lipid metabolism plays an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetes. There is little evidence regarding the prospective association of the maternal lipidome with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), especially in Chinese populations. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to identify novel lipid species associated with GDM risk in Chinese women, and assess the incremental predictive capacity of the lipids for GDM. METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study using the Tongji-Shuangliu Birth Cohort with 336 GDM cases and 672 controls, 1:2 matched on age and week of gestation. Maternal blood samples were collected at 6-15 wk, and lipidomes were profiled by targeted ultra-HPLC-tandem MS. GDM was diagnosed by oral-glucose-tolerance test at 24-28 wk. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator is a regression analysis method that was used to select novel biomarkers. Multivariable conditional logistic regression was used to estimate the associations. RESULTS: Of 366 detected lipids, 10 were selected and found to be significantly associated with GDM independently of confounders: there were positive associations with phosphatidylinositol 40:6, alkylphosphatidylcholine 36:1, phosphatidylethanolamine plasmalogen 38:6, diacylglyceride 18:0/18:1, and alkylphosphatidylethanolamine 40:5 (adjusted ORs per 1 log-SD increment range: 1.34-2.86), whereas there were inverse associations with sphingomyelin 34:1, dihexosyl ceramide 24:0, mono hexosyl ceramide 18:0, dihexosyl ceramide 24:1, and phosphatidylcholine 40:7 (adjusted ORs range: 0.48-0.68). Addition of these novel lipids to the classical GDM prediction model resulted in a significant improvement in the C-statistic (discriminatory power of the model) to 0.801 (95% CI: 0.772, 0.829). For every 1-point increase in the lipid risk score of the 10 lipids, the OR of GDM was 1.66 (95% CI: 1.50, 1.85). Mediation analysis suggested the associations between specific lipid species and GDM were partially explained by glycemic and insulin-related indicators. CONCLUSIONS: Specific plasma lipid biomarkers in early pregnancy were associated with GDM in Chinese women, and significantly improved the prediction for GDM.

2.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 265: 120362, 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509887

RESUMO

Glutathione (GSH) as an essential biothiol maintains redox homeostasis in human body, the aberrant level of it has been related to various diseases. In this work, we constructed a facile and environment-friendly strategy by using Ce based metal-organic frameworks and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) for detection of GSH. The fluorescence intensity of the Ce-MOF was quenched by AuNPs, which is ascribed to the existence of fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) and electrostatic interaction between Ce-MOFs and AuNPS. Because of the formation of Au-SH between AuNPs and GSH, the addition GSH induced the Ce-MOF/AuNPs and prevented the occurrence of FRET and electrostatic interaction between Ce-MOFs and AuNPS, which futher recovered the fluorescence of Ce-MOF. Under the optimized conditions, this "turn-on" sensing process revealed a high selectivity toward GSH and displayed good linearity in range of 0.2-32.5 µM with low detection limit of 58 nM. In addition, the practicability of the strategy was testified through analyzing GSH in real human serum samples.

3.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523782

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer (OC) is the most lethal gynaecological cancer with genomic complexity and extensive heterogeneity. This study aimed to characterize the molecular features of OC based on the gene expression profile of 2752 previously characterized metabolism-relevant genes and provide new strategies to improve the clinical status of patients with OC. Finally, three molecular subtypes (C1, C2 and C3) were identified. The C2 subtype displayed the worst prognosis, upregulated immune-cell infiltration status and expression level of immune checkpoint genes, lower burden of copy number gains and losses and suboptimal response to targeted drug bevacizumab. The C1 subtype showed downregulated immune-cell infiltration status and expression level of immune checkpoint genes, the lowest incidence of BRCA mutation and optimal response to targeted drug bevacizumab. The C3 subtype had an intermediate immune status, the highest incidence of BRCA mutation and a secondary optimal response to bevacizumab. Gene signatures of C1 and C2 subtypes with an opposite expression level were mainly enriched in proteolysis and immune-related biological process. The C3 subtype was mainly enriched in the T cell-related biological process. The prognostic and immune status of subtypes were validated in the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) dataset, which was predicted with a 45-gene classifier. These findings might improve the understanding of the diversity and therapeutic strategies for OC.

4.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 691445, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34513725

RESUMO

Aeromonas sobria, a common conditional pathogenic bacteria, is widely distributed in the environment and causes gastroenteritis in humans or septicemia in fish. Of all Aeromonas species, A. sobria is the most frequently isolated from human infections especially in immunocompromised subjects. Innate immunity is the first protection system of organism to resist non-specific pathogens invasion; however, the immune response process of hosts against A. sobria infection re\mains unexplored. The present study established an A. sobria infection model using primary mouse peritoneal macrophages (PMφs). The adherence and cytotoxicity of A. sobria on PMφs were determined by May-Grünwald Giemsa staining and LDH release measurement. Pro-inflammatory cytokine expression levels were measured using qPCR, western blotting, and ELISA methods. We also investigated the levels of ASC oligomerization and determined the roles of active caspase-1 in IL-1ß secretion through inhibition assays and explored the activated pattern recognition receptors through immunofluorescence. We further elucidated the roles of activated inflammasome in regulating the host's inflammatory response through inhibition combined with ELISA assays. Our results showed that A. sobria induced lytic cell death and LDH release, whereas it had no adhesive properties on PMφs. A. sobria triggered various proinflammatory cytokine transcription level upregulation, and IL-1ß occupied the highest levels. The pro-IL-1ß protein expression levels increased in a dose-dependent manner with MOI ranging from 1 to 100. This process was regulated by ASC-dependent inflammasome, which cleavage pro-IL-1ß into active IL-1ß p17 with activated caspase-1 p20. Meanwhile, the expression levels of NLRP3 receptor significantly increased, location analysis revealed puncta-like surrounding nuclear, and inhibition of NLRP3 inflammasome downregulated caspase-1 activation and IL-1ß secretion. Blocking of NLRP3 inflammasome activation through K+ efflux and cathepsin B or caspase approaches downregulated A. sobria-induced proinflammatory cytokine production. Overall, these data indicated that A. sobria induced proinflammatory cytokine production in PMφs through activating NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathways.

5.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510175

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests beneficial impacts of plant-based diets on glucose metabolism among generally healthy individuals. Whether adherence to these diets is related to risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is unknown. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to examine associations between plant-based diets and GDM in a large prospective study. METHODS: We included 14,926 women from the Nurses' Health Study II (1991-2001), who reported ≥1 singleton pregnancy and without previous GDM before the index pregnancy. Prepregnancy adherence to plant-based diets was measured by an overall plant-based diet index (PDI), healthful plant-based diet index (hPDI), and unhealthful plant-based diet index (uPDI) as assessed by FFQs every 4 y. Incident first-time GDM was ascertained from a self-reported physician diagnosis, which was previously validated by review of medical records. We used log-binomial models with generalized estimating equations to calculate RRs and 95% CIs for associations of PDIs with GDM. RESULTS: We documented 846 incident GDM cases over the 10-y follow-up among 20,707 pregnancies. Greater adherence to the PDI and hPDI was associated with lower GDM risk. For the PDI, the multivariable-adjusted RR (95% CI) comparing the highest and lowest quintiles (Q5 compared with Q1) was 0.70 (0.56, 0.87) (Ptrend = 0.0004), and for each 10-point increment was 0.80 (0.71, 0.90). For the hPDI, the RR (95% CI) of Q5 compared with Q1 was 0.75 (0.59, 0.94) (Ptrend = 0.009) and for each 10-point increment was 0.86 (0.77, 0.95). After further adjustment for prepregnancy BMI, the associations were attenuated but remained significant: for the PDI, the RR (95% CI) for each 10-point increment was 0.89 (0.79, 1.00) and the corresponding RR (95% CI) was 0.89 (0.80, 0.99) for the hPDI. The uPDI was not associated with GDM. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that greater prepregnancy adherence to a healthful plant-based diet was associated with lower risk of GDM, whereas an unhealthful plant-based diet was not related to GDM risk.

6.
Echocardiography ; 2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510520

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is commonly used during cardiothoracic procedures. TEE has also become standard during transvenous lead extraction (TLE) procedures, but its effect and role have not been optimally defined. The goal of this study is to identify how TEE was used during TLE at our institute and review its utility. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed high-risk patients undergoing TLE, for whom more complications during extraction procedures, from June 2012 to September 2020. The patients were divided into TEE group and non-TEE group according to real-time TEE monitoring. We compared the rate of procedural success, complications between two groups and concluded the clinical utility of TEE during TLE. RESULTS: A total of 195 patients were included (105 in TEE group vs 90 in non-TEE group), the rate of procedure success (97.8% vs 96.5%, p = 0.41) and complications during extraction (8.6% vs 12.2%, p = 0.40, major complication 5.7% vs 12.2%, p = 0.11, minor complication 2.9% vs 0%, p = 0.30) were comparable. In TEE group, 12 patients (11.4%) received following benefits: altering surgical plans, guiding subsequent therapy strategies, and rapidly diagnosing complications, moreover no complications occurred from TEE. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that real-time monitoring by TEE cannot change the rate of procedural success and complication during TLE; however, TEE provides valuable information to instruct clinical therapy and improves the safety of TLE.

7.
Adv Mater ; : e2102964, 2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510582

RESUMO

High-voltage lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) enabled by high-voltage electrolytes can effectively boost energy density and power density, which are critical requirements to achieve long travel distances, fast-charging, and reliable safety performance for electric vehicles. However, operating these batteries beyond the typical conditions of LIBs (4.3 V vs Li/Li+ ) leads to severe electrolyte decomposition, while interfacial side reactions remain elusive. These critical issues have become a bottleneck for developing electrolytes for applications in extreme conditions. Herein, an additive-free electrolyte is presented that affords high stability at high voltage (4.5 V vs Li/Li+ ), lithium-dendrite-free features upon fast-charging operations (e.g., 162 mAh g-1 at 3 C), and superior long-term battery performance at low temperature. More importantly, a new solvation structure-related interfacial model is presented, incorporating molecular-scale interactions between the lithium-ion, anion, and solvents at the electrolyte-electrode interfaces to help interpret battery performance. This report is a pioneering study that explores the dynamic mutual-interaction interfacial behaviors on the lithium layered oxide cathode and graphite anode simultaneously in the battery. This interfacial model enables new insights into electrode performances that differ from the known solid electrolyte interphase approach to be revealed, and sets new guidelines for the design of versatile electrolytes for metal-ion batteries.

8.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 22(9): 782-790, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514758

RESUMO

Aeromonas sobria, a Gram-negative bacterium that can colonize both humans and animals, is found in a variety of environments, including water, seafood, meat, and vegetables (Cahill, 1990; Galindo et al., 2004; Song et al., 2019). Aeromonas spp. are conditionally pathogenic bacteria in aquaculture, which can rapidly proliferate, causing disease and even death in fish, especially when the environment is degraded (Neamat-Allah et al., 2020, 2021a, 2021b). In developing countries, Aeromonas spp. have been associated with a wide spectrum of infections in humans, including gastroenteritis, wound infections, septicemia, and lung infections (San Joaquin and Pickett, 1988; Wang et al., 2009; Su et al., 2013). Infections caused by Aeromonas spp. are usually more severe in immunocompromised individuals (Miyamoto et al., 2017). The presence of a plasmid encoding a ß|-lactamase in A. sobria that confers resistance to ß-lactam antibiotics poses a huge challenge to the treatment of diseases caused by this microorganism (Lim and Hong, 2020). Consequently, an in-depth understanding of the interaction between A. sobria and its hosts is urgently required to enable the development of effective strategies for the treatment of A. sobria infections.

9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(15): 3943-3948, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472271

RESUMO

The study aims to investigate the effect of the compatibility of paeonol and paeoniflorin(hereinafter referred to as the compatibility) on the expression of myocardial proteins in rats with myocardial ischemia injury and explore the underlying mechanism of the compatibility against myocardial ischemia injury. First, the acute myocardial infarction rat model was established by ligation of the anterior descending branch of the left coronary artery. The model rats were given(ig) paeonol and paeoniflorin. Then protein samples were collected from rat cardiac tissue and quantified by tandem mass tags(TMT) to explore the differential proteins after drug intervention. The experimental results showed that differential proteins mainly involved phagocytosis engulfment, extracellular space, and antigen binding, as well as Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathways of complement and coagulation cascades, syste-mic lupus erythematosus, and ribosome. In this study, the target proteins and related signaling pathways identified by differential proteomics may be the biological basis of the compatibility against myocardial ischemia injury in rats.


Assuntos
Isquemia Miocárdica , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica , Acetofenonas , Animais , Glucosídeos , Monoterpenos , Isquemia Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Isquemia Miocárdica/genética , Proteômica , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
10.
Nanoscale ; 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473183

RESUMO

Efficient drug delivery, multifunctional combined therapy and real-time diagnosis are the main hallmarks in the exploitation of precision nanomedicine. Herein, an anthracene-functionalized micelle containing a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent, upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) and the photosensitizer IR780 is designed to achieve sustained drug release and enhanced photothermal and photodynamic therapy. The polymer-coated hybrid micelle was achieved by crosslinking anthracene-dimer with UV light (λ > 300 nm), which is converted from near-infrared (NIR) irradiation upon UCNPs. Besides, the water-insoluble photosensitizer IR780 is introduced into the system to achieve efficient drug delivery and photothermal and photodynamic synergistic therapy. As a consequence of NIR-induced anthracene-dimer formation, the cross-linked nanocomposite shows sustained drug release, and the enhanced retention effect of IR780 could increase the photothermal conversion efficiency. Importantly, the incorporation of 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-piperidineoxyl (TEMPO) as a nitroxide MRI contrast agent presents the potential for real-time diagnosis via nanotheranostics, and the fluorescence imaging of IR780 is applied to monitor drug distribution and metabolism. This strategy of sustained drug delivery by anthracene-dimer formation through the better penetration depth of NIR-II fluorescence provides an executable platform to achieve enhanced phototherapy in biomedical applications.

11.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2100460, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494387

RESUMO

Benefiting from the blooming interaction of nanotechnology and biotechnology, biosynthetic cellular membrane vesicles (Bio-MVs) have shown superior characteristics for therapeutic transportation because of their hydrophilic cavity and hydrophobic bilayer structure, as well as their inherent biocompatibility and negligible immunogenicity. These excellent cell-like features with specific functional protein expression on the surface can invoke their remarkable ability for Bio-MVs based recombinant protein therapy to facilitate the advanced synergy in poly-therapy. To date, various tactics have been developed for Bio-MVs surface modification with functional proteins through hydrophobic insertion or multivalent electrostatic interactions. While the Bio-MVs grow through genetically engineering strategies can maintain binding specificity, sort orders, and lead to strict information about artificial proteins in a facile and sustainable way. In this progress report, the most current technology of Bio-MVs is discussed, with an emphasis on their multi-functionalities as "tailorable shells" for delivering bio-functional moieties and therapeutic entities. The most notable success and challenges via genetically engineered tactics to achieve the new generation of Bio-MVs are highlighted. Besides, future perspectives of Bio-MVs in novel bio-nanotherapy are provided.

12.
Front Immunol ; 12: 712351, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34504494

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is an aggressive liver tumor that occurs due to chronic liver disease, and it has a high mortality rate and limited treatment options. Immune checkpoint inhibitors have been successfully introduced and used in cancer therapy, among which inhibitors of programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) and its receptor programmed death-1 (PD-1) are commonly administered for HCC as combination therapy, including combined anti-angiogenic and immunotherapy combination therapy. We report a case of a primary massive HCC patient with portal hepatic vein tumor thrombus who had a good response to atezolizumab in combination with bevacizumab, following progression of disease on combined immunotherapy with pembrolizumab and lenvatinib. This case demonstrates for the first time that an HCC patient who is resistant to anti-PD-1 antibody immunotherapy can benefit from anti-PD-L1 antibody immunotherapy, providing a potentially promising strategy for the treatment of HCC.

13.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 21(1): 381, 2021 08 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362308

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that patent foramen ovale (PFO) contributes to the majority of cryptogenic stroke cases in young people, however, the direct link is still undetermined. Here we analyzed the correlation between PFO and brain ischemia lesions in a cohort of cases that were long-term residents in the plateau to provide solid evidence to support the causal relation between PFO and brain ischemia lesion or cryptogenic stroke. METHODS: Long-term residents with young age from Qinghai Plateau were recruited and separated by PFO positivity. Brain MRI was used to image 100 PFO positive cases and 100 healthy controls. The diameter of PFO was measured by echocardiography. The location, number and anterior/posterior circulation of ischemia lesions were also evaluated. The correlation between PFO (including positivity and diameter) and brain ischemia lesion (including positivity and other characteristics) was analyzed by chi-square test. Further, the chi-square test for the trend test was used to analyze the linear correlation between these groups. RESULTS: We found a strong correlation between the positivity of PFO and brain ischemia lesion, with 71% of PFO cases showing the presence of brain ischemia lesions, and only 19% for healthy controls (p < 0.001). The diameter of PFO is strongly and linearly correlated with the incidence rate of brain ischemia lesion (RR = 3.737 (95%CI 2.496 to 5.767). CONCLUSION: We found a convincing correlation between the positivity of PFO and brain ischemia lesion in residents of the plateau. Our findings provide another solid evidence of the direct causal relation between PFO and brain ischemia lesion.

14.
Eur Heart J ; 42(33): 3175-3186, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34347859

RESUMO

AIMS : Emerging evidence has linked cholesterol metabolism with platelet responsiveness. We sought to examine the dose-response relationship between low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and major in-hospital bleeds in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. METHODS AND RESULTS : Among 42 378 ACS patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) enrolled in 240 hospitals in the Improving Care for Cardiovascular Disease in China-ACS project from 2014 to 2019, a total of 615 major bleeds, 218 ischaemic events, and 337 deaths were recorded. After controlling for baseline variables, a non-linear relationship was observed for major bleeds, with the higher risk at lower LDL-C levels. No dose-response relationship was identified for ischaemic events and mortality. A threshold value of LDL-C <70 mg/dL was associated with an increased risk for major bleeds (adjusted odds ratio: 1.49; 95% confidence interval: 1.21-1.84) in multivariable-adjusted logistic regression models and in propensity score-matched cohorts. The results were consistent in multiple sensitivity analyses. Among ticagrelor-treated patients, the LDL-C threshold for increased bleeding risk was observed at <88 mg/dL, whereas for clopidogrel-treated patients, the threshold was <54 mg/dL. Across a full spectrum of LDL-C levels, the treatment effect size associated with ticagrelor vs. clopidogrel on major bleeds favoured clopidogrel at lower LDL-C levels, but no difference at higher LDL-C levels. CONCLUSIONS : In a nationwide ACS registry, a non-linear association was identified between LDL-C levels and major in-hospital bleeds following PCI, with the higher risk at lower levels. As the potential for confounding may exist, further studies are warranted. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02306616.

15.
Water Res ; 203: 117506, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371231

RESUMO

The bacterial growth potential (BGP) of drinking water is widely assessed either by flow cytometric intact cell count (BGPICC) or adenosine triphosphate (BGPATP) based methods. Combining BGPICC and BGPATP measurements has been previously applied for various types of drinking water having high to low growth potential. However, this has not been applied for water with ultra-low nutrient content, such as remineralised RO permeate. To conduct a sound comparison, conventionally treated drinking water was included in this study, which was also used as an inoculum source. BGPICC, BGPATP, intact cell-yield (YICC), and ATP-yield (YATP) were determined for conventionally treated drinking water (Tap-water) and remineralised RO permeate (RO-water). In addition, both BGPICC and BGPATP methods were used to identify the growth-limiting nutrient in each water type. The results showed that the BGPICC ratio between Tap-water/RO-water was ∼7.5, whereas the BGPATP ratio was only ∼4.5. Moreover, the YICC ratio between Tap-water/RO-water was ∼2 (9.8 ± 0.6 × 106 vs. 4.6 ± 0.8 × 106 cells/µg-C), whereas the YATP ratio was ∼1 (0.39 ± 0.12 vs. 0.42 ± 0.06 ng ATP/µg-C), resulting in a consistently higher ATP per cell in RO-water than that of Tap-water. Both BGPICC and BGPATP methods revealed that carbon was the growth-limiting nutrient in the two types of water. However, with the addition of extra carbon, phosphate limitation was detected only with the BGPICC method, whereas BGPATP was not affected, suggesting that a combination of carbon and phosphate is essential for biomass synthesis, whereas carbon is probably utilised for cellular activities other than cell synthesis when phosphate is limited. It was estimated that the intact cell-yield growing on phosphate would be 0.70 ± 0.05 × 109 cells/µg PO4-P.


Assuntos
Água Potável , Purificação da Água , Trifosfato de Adenosina , Contagem de Células , Nutrientes , Osmose
16.
BMC Neurol ; 21(1): 320, 2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404371

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The cerebellum receives afferent signals from spinocerebellar pathways regulating lower limb movements. However, the longitudinal changes in the spinocerebellar pathway in the early stage of unilateral supratentorial stroke and their potential clinical significance have received little attention. METHODS: Diffusion tensor imaging and Fugl-Meyer assessment of lower limb were performed 1, 4, and 12 weeks after onset in 33 patients with acute subcortical infarction involving the supratentorial areas, and in 33 healthy subjects. We evaluated group differences in diffusion metrics in the bilateral inferior cerebellar peduncle (ICP) and analyzed the correlation between ICP diffusion metrics and changes to the Fugl-Meyer scores of the affected lower limb within 12 weeks after stroke. RESULTS: Significantly decreased fractional anisotropy and increased mean diffusivity were found in the contralesional ICP at week 12 after stroke compared to controls (all P < 0.01) and those at week 1 (all P < 0.05). There were significant fractional anisotropy decreases in the ipsilesional ICP at week 4 (P = 0.008) and week 12 (P = 0.004) compared to controls. Both fractional anisotropy (rs = 0.416, P = 0.025) and mean diffusivity (rs = -0.507, P = 0.005) changes in the contralesional ICP correlated with changes in Fugl-Meyer scores of the affected lower limb in all patients. CONCLUSIONS: Bilateral ICP degeneration occurs in the early phase of supratentorial stroke, and diffusion metric values of the contralesional ICP are useful indicators of affected lower limb function after supratentorial stroke.


Assuntos
Cerebelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão/métodos , Extremidade Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica
17.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 39(4): 464-468, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34409804

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the short-term clinical efficacy and factors influencing low-dose superficial X-ray for treating infantile maxillofacial hemangioma. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was conducted on 161 cases of infants with maxillofacial hemangioma treated with superficial X-ray in the Laser Center of Dermatology Department of Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital from January 2015 to December 2017. Clinical efficacy was analyzed by comparing the photos before and after treatment. Patients were further divided into groups according to different genders, age at the start of treatment, preterm birth or low birth weight, hemangioma site, longest diameter of hemangioma, and type of hemangioma to analyze whether differences existed in clinical efficacy and therapeutic dose between different groups. RESULTS: Twelve months after the end of treatment, the overall cure rate was 93.8%, and the significant efficiency was 97.5%. The clinical efficacy was related to the age of children at the beginning of treatment and the type of hemangioma (P<0.05). The clinical efficacy of children aged less than or equal to 12 months and superficial hemangioma group was better than that of children aged more than 12 months and deep subtype or mixed hemangioma group, respectively. Therapeutic doses associa-ted with hemangioma treatment with diameter, category, age (P<0.05), diameter greater than or equal to 4 cm hemangioma group, the mixed type or deep in the group, the children older than 12 months hemangioma group, respectively, the dia-meter is less than 4 cm hemangioma, superficial hemangioma group and age less than or equal to 12 months hemangioma total treatment group exposure dose is greater. CONCLUSIONS: Low-dose superficial X-ray is safe and effective for the treatment of infantile maxillofacial hemangioma. Age and type of hemangioma at the time of treatment are the factors influencing therapeutic dose and clinical efficacy.


Assuntos
Hemangioma , Nascimento Prematuro , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Raios X
18.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34417573

RESUMO

Ethyl ferulate (EF) is abundant in Rhizoma Chuanxiong and grains (e.g., rice and maize) and possesses antioxidative, antiapoptotic, antirheumatic, and anti-inflammatory properties. However, its effect on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) is still unknown. In the present study, we found that EF significantly alleviated LPS-induced pathological damage and neutrophil infiltration and inhibited the gene expression of proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6) in murine lung tissues. Moreover, EF reduced the gene expression of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, and iNOS and decreased the production of NO in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells and BMDMs. Mechanistic experiments revealed that EF prominently activated the AMPK/Nrf2 pathway and promoted Nrf2 nuclear translocation. AMPK inhibition (Compound C) and Nrf2 inhibition (ML385) abolished the beneficial effect of EF on the inflammatory response. Furthermore, the protective effect of EF on LPS-induced ALI was not observed in Nrf2 knockout mice. Taken together, the results of our study suggest that EF ameliorates LPS-induced ALI in an AMPK/Nrf2-dependent manner. These findings provide a foundation for developing EF as a new anti-inflammatory agent for LPS-induced ALI/ARDS therapy.

19.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 7703159, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34423038

RESUMO

The study is aimed at exploring the effect of microribonucleic acid- (miR-) 210 on the chemosensitivity of breast cancer and its potential molecular mechanism. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) was applied to detect the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of cisplatin (DDP) on cell, and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was carried out to measure the relative expression level of miR-210. The IC50 value of DDP on cells was detected via CCK-8 after downregulating the expression of miR-210 in MCF-7/DDP cells. Flow cytometry and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) confirmed the effect of themiR-210 downregulation on the apoptosis of drug-resistant MCF-7/DDP cells. Besides, the impacts of the miR-210 downregulation on apoptosis-related proteins and Janus-activated kinase- (JAK-) signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) signaling pathway-related proteins were examined by Western blotting. The interaction between miR-210 and the target protein was detected through luciferase activity assay, qPCR, and Western blotting. Drug-resistant MCF-7/DDP cells had significantly stronger resistance to DDP and a remarkably higher expression level of miR-210 than control parental MCF-7 cells (p < 0.05). After the downregulation of the miR-210 expression, MCF-7/DDP cells had markedly reduced resistance but obviously increased sensitivity to DDP (p < 0.05). MiR-210 downregulation increased the apoptosis of MCF-7/DDP cells (p < 0.05). In addition, after miR-210 was knocked down, the expression level of b-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) was decreased, while the expression levels of Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) and cysteinyl aspartate-specific proteinase-3 (caspase-3) were increased. Besides, miR-210 was able to suppress the expression of protein inhibitor of the activated STAT 4 (PIAS4) gene by directly targeting its 3' untranslated region (3'UTR). The expression of miR-210 has a correlation with chemoresistance of breast cancer MCF-7 cells. MiR-210 regulates the JAK-STAT signal transduction pathway by targeting PIAS4, thus exerting an effect on breast cancer chemosensitivity.

20.
Clin Epigenetics ; 13(1): 161, 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34419168

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atherosclerotic plaque vulnerability is a key feature of atheroprogression and precipitating acute cardiovascular events. Although the pivotal role of epigenetic regulation in atherosclerotic plaque destabilization is being recognized, the DNA methylation profile and its potential role in driving the progression and destabilization of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease remains largely unknown. We conducted a genome-wide analysis to identify differentially methylated genes in vulnerable and non-vulnerable atherosclerotic lesions to understand more about pathogenesis. RESULTS: We compared genome-wide DNA methylation profiling between carotid artery plaques of patients with clinically symptomatic (recent stroke or transient ischemic attack) and asymptomatic disease (no recent stroke) using Infinium Methylation BeadChip arrays, which revealed 90,368 differentially methylated sites (FDR < 0.05, |delta beta|> 0.03) corresponding to 14,657 annotated genes. Among these genomic sites, 30% were located at the promoter regions and 14% in the CpG islands, according to genomic loci and genomic proximity to the CpG islands, respectively. Moreover, 67% displayed hypomethylation in symptomatic plaques, and the differentially hypomethylated genes were found to be involved in various aspects of inflammation. Subsequently, we focus on CpG islands and revealed 14,596 differentially methylated sites (|delta beta|> 0.1) located at the promoter regions of 7048 genes. Integrated analysis of methylation and gene expression profiles identified that 107 genes were hypomethylated in symptomatic plaques and showed elevated expression levels in both advanced plaques and ruptured plaques. The imprinted gene PLA2G7, which encodes lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2), was one of the top hypomethylated genes with an increased expression upon inflammation. Further, the hypomethylated CpG site at the promoter region of PLA2G7 was identified as cg11874627, demethylation of which led to increased binding of Sp3 and expression of Lp-PLA2 through bisulfate sequencing, chromatin immunoprecipitation assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. These effects were further enhanced by deacetylase. CONCLUSION: Extensive DNA methylation modifications serve as a new and critical layer of biological regulation that contributes to atheroprogression and destabilization via inflammatory processes. Revelation of this hitherto unknown epigenetic regulatory mechanism could rejuvenate the prospects of Lp-PLA2 as a therapeutic target to stabilize the atherosclerotic plaque and reduce clinical sequelae.

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