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1.
Molecules ; 27(23)2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36500661

RESUMO

Transition metal oxides (TMOs) can provide high theoretical capacitance due to the change of multiple valence states of transition metals. However, their intrinsic drawbacks, including poor electrical conductivity, lower energy density, and huge volume expansion, will result in the pulverization of electrode materials and restricted electrochemical kinetics, thus leading to poor rate capability and rapid capacity fading. Composite electrodes based on transition metal oxides and carbon-based materials are considered to be promising candidates for overcoming these limitations. Herein, we reported a preparation method of hybrid ZIFs derived Zn-doped Co3O4/carbon (Zn-Co3O4/C-230) particles semi-embedded in wood-derived carbon skeleton for integrated electrodes. A large specific surface area, excellent conductivity, and electrochemical stability provide a larger electrochemical activity and potential window for the electrode. Prepared Zn-Co3O4@CW-230 electrode (0.6 mm thick) displays ultrahigh area specific capacitances of 7.83 and 6.46 F cm-2 at the current densities of 5 and 30 mA cm-2, respectively. Moreover, a symmetric supercapacitor assembled by two identical Zn-Co3O4@CW-230 electrodes delivers a superior area-specific capacitance of 2.61 F cm-2 at the current densities of 5 mA cm-2 and great energy densities of 0.36 mWh cm-2 (6.0 mWh cm-3) at 2.5 mW cm-2, while maintaining 97.3% of initial capacitance over 10,000 cycles. It notably outperforms those of most carbon-based metal oxides, endowing the Zn-Co3O4@CW-230 with extensive prospects for practical application.


Assuntos
Carbono , Madeira , Óxidos , Zinco
2.
Molecules ; 27(20)2022 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36296584

RESUMO

Graphite anodes are well established for commercial use in lithium-ion battery systems. However, the limited capacity of graphite limits the further development of lithium-ion batteries. Hard carbon obtained from biomass is a highly promising anode material, with the advantage of enriched microcrystalline structure characteristics for better lithium storage. Tannin, a secondary product of metabolism during plant growth, has a rich source on earth. But the mechanism of hard carbon obtained from its derivation in lithium-ion batteries has been little studied. This paper successfully applied the hard carbon obtained from tannin as anode and illustrated the relationship between its structure and lithium storage performance. Meanwhile, to further enhance the performance, graphene oxide is skillfully compounded. The contact with the electrolyte and the charge transfer capability are effectively enhanced, then the capacity of PVP-HC is 255.5 mAh g-1 after 200 cycles at a current density of 400 mA g-1, with a capacity retention rate of 91.25%. The present work lays the foundation and opens up ideas for the application of biomass-derived hard carbon in lithium anodes.


Assuntos
Grafite , Lítio , Lítio/química , Grafite/química , Carbono/química , Taninos , Eletrodos , Íons/química , Eletrólitos
3.
Environ Sci Ecotechnol ; 10: 100167, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36159737

RESUMO

Increasing global population and decreasing arable land pose tremendous pressures to agricultural production. The application of conventional chemical fertilizers improves agricultural production, but causes serious environmental problems and significant economic burdens. Biochar gains increasing interest as a soil amendment. Recently, more and more attentions have been paid to biochar-based slow-release of fertilizers (SRFs) due to the unique properties of biochar. This review summarizes recent advances in the development, synthesis, application, and tentative mechanism of biochar-based SRFs. The development mainly undergoes three stages: (i) soil amendment using biochar, (ii) interactions between nutrients and biochar, and (iii) biochar-based SRFs. Various methods are proposed to improve the fertilizer efficiency of biochar, majorly including in-situ pyrolysis, co-pyrolysis, impregnation, encapsulation, and granulation. Considering the distinct features of different methods, the integrated methods are promising for fabricating effective biochar-based SRFs. The in-depth understanding of the mechanism of nutrient loading and slow release is discussed based on current knowledge. Additionally, the perspectives and challenges of the potential application of biochar-based SRFs are described. Knowledge surveyed from this review indicates that applying biochar-based SRFs is a viable way of promoting sustainable agriculture.

4.
Environ Res ; 220: 115170, 2022 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36592813

RESUMO

Wood has been a promising water purifier material on account of its abundant natural transport channels, easy processing, and renewability, which is mainly focused on its utilization in growth direction for effective separation.Wood veneer manufacured from raw wood block has a reversed-tree pore structure, and possesses advantages of low cost, easy fabrication, material saving, and abundant sources. To realize its functionalization and practicable application for membrane separation, modification of wood veneer is prerequisite. Herein, thin wood veneer with disparate utilization direction of wood was developed to design filter membrane loading TiO2 nanoparticles for treatment of dye wastewater. Wood veneer with reversed-tree transport pathways exhibits unique porous structure, and filtering direction and wood growth direction is almost orthogonal generated numerous sinuous channels. Thereout, sufficient area for loading TiO2 nanoparticles and contacting pollutants as well as appropriate water transport pathways at significantly shrinking thickness of wood (the thickness of 0.2 mm) can be provide by these sinuous channels. TiO2 nanoparticles was first modified by (3-Aminopropyl)triethoxysilane with high positive charge, and immobilized on negatively charged wood surface through atmospheric impregnation via strong electrostatic attractive interaction. Vast quantities of exposed TiO2 nanoparticles on wood cell lumens significantly enhance the adsorption ability for dye contaminants, resulting in a high membrane separation performance. The flux of TiO2/wood veneer membrane can achieve high level of 636.94 L/(m2h) with considerable methylene blue removal of 99.9% at 0.01 MPa. Meanwhile, it shows good cycling stability as well as decent flexibility and excellent mechanical strength. Moreover, the designed membrane with photocatalytic function of TiO2 also displays impressive decontaminated and recycling ability. The flux can recover its pre-recession level after 10 h light irradiation. The designed TiO2/wood veneer with simple preparation process and excellent water treatment capacity exhibits promising results for practical wastewater treatment.

5.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(6)2021 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34200266

RESUMO

The construction of complex intertwined networks that provide fast transport pathways for ions/electrons is very important for electrochemical systems such as water splitting, but a challenge. Herein, a three dimensional (3-D) intertwined network of Cu2-xS/CNFs (x = 0 or 0.04) has been synthesized through the morphology-preserved thermal transformation of the intertwined PEG-b-P4VP/ HKUST-1 hybrid networks. The strong interaction between PEG chains and Cu2+ is the key to the successful assembly of PEG-b-P4VP nanofibers and HKUST-1, which inhibits the HKUST-1 to form individual crystalline particles. The obtained Cu2-xS/CNFs composites possess several merits, such as highly exposed active sites, high-speed electronic transmission pathways, open pore structure, etc. Therefore, the 3-D intertwined hierarchical network of Cu2-xS/CNFs displays an excellent electrocatalytic activity for HER, with a low overpotential (η) of 276 mV to reach current densities of 10 mA cm-2, and a smaller Tafel slope of 59 mV dec-1 in alkaline solution.

6.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(40): 47728-47739, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34585568

RESUMO

Micropores and defects, like oxygen-containing groups, as active sites for sodium-ion storage in hard carbon have attracted considerable attention; nevertheless, most oxygen doping or oxidizing processes inevitably introduce undesired oxygen groups into a carbon framework, leading to deteriorated initial Coulombic efficiency (ICE). Here, precise carbonyl groups and closed micropores are together introduced into biomass-derived hard carbon to enhance the Na-ion storage performance. The hard carbon delivers a large reversible capacity of 354.6 mA h g-1 at 30 mA g-1, a high ICE (88.7%), as well as ultra-long cycling stability (277 mA h g-1 at 0.3 A g-1 over 1000 cycles; 243 mA h g-1 at 1 A g-1 over 5000 cycles). The rate capability and cycling stability of hard carbon in carbonate- and diglyme-based electrolytes are contrasted to demonstrate the superiority of diglyme. Cyclic voltammetry at varied scans and galvanostatic intermittent titration techniques are carried out to clarify the disparity between the two different electrolyte systems. Furthermore, the as-prepared hard carbon is utilized as the anode for sodium-ion full cells exhibiting an energy density of 166.2 W h kg-1 at 0.2 C and a long-cycle life (47.9% retention over 200 cycles at 1 C).

7.
Front Chem ; 8: 241, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32300584

RESUMO

Hard carbon derived from fossil products is widely used as anode material for lithium-ion batteries. However, there are still several main shortcomings such as high cost, and poor rate performance, which restrict its wide application. Then tremendous efforts have been devoted to developing biomaterials in the battery applications. Recently, especially agricultural and industrial by-products have attracted much attention due to the electric double-layer capacitors. Herein, we report the sulfur-doped hard carbon (SHC) materials from the tannin-furanic resins (TF-Resin) of the derived agricultural by-products, followed by enveloping rGO on its surface through the hexadecyl trimethyl ammonium bromide. SHC provides sites for the storage of lithium, while the rGO layers can offer a highly conductive matrix to achieve good contact between particles and promote the diffusion and transport of ions and electrons. As a result, the SHC@rGO shows excellent lithium storage performance with initial discharge capacity around 746 mAh g-1 at a current density of 50 mA g-1, and shows superb stability keeping capacity retention of 91.9% after 200 cycles. Moreover, even at a high current density of 2,000 mAg-1, SHC@rGO still delivers a specific capacity of 188 mAg-1. These desired promising properties are active to the implement in the possible practical application.

8.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 16496, 2019 11 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712585

RESUMO

Bamboo with the outstanding properties, such as good mechanical strength, fast growth rate and low growth cost, is considered as one of utilitarian structural nature materials. But bamboo is easy to get mildewed resulting in disfiguration and fungi corrosion. In this work, a facile method was developed to improve the mildew-proofing capability of bamboo. Mussel-inspired polydopamine (PDA) with biomimetic adhesion function and highly active functional groups was employed to immobilize highly-dispersed Ag and TiO2 nanoparticles on the surface of bamboo via an in-situ growth method. Integrating the uniform PDA coating, photocatalytic function of TiO2 nanoparticles and bactericidal role of Ag nanoparticles, the mildew-proofing capability of bamboo is enhanced significantly. The results show a non-covalent interaction is more likely to account for the binding mechanism of PDA to bamboo. And the prepared bamboo samples show good photocatalytic performance and have excellent resistance leachability. Meanwhile, the mildew-proofing property of prepared bamboo sample was greatly improved.


Assuntos
Indóis , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Polímeros , Sasa , Prata , Titânio , Biomimética , Catálise , Resistência à Doença , Fungos , Indóis/química , Indóis/metabolismo , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Processos Fotoquímicos , Doenças das Plantas , Polímeros/química , Polímeros/metabolismo , Sasa/metabolismo , Sasa/microbiologia , Sasa/ultraestrutura , Prata/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Titânio/química
9.
Dalton Trans ; 43(19): 6977-80, 2014 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24671297

RESUMO

A strong adsorbent TEA-GO for Cu(2+) is prepared using TEA modified GO nanosheets. FT-IR and XPS results show that epoxy groups on GO are eliminated, and simultaneously hydroxyl groups and C-N dominate the surface groups of TEA-GO. The increased equilibrium capacity of TEA-GO for a high initial concentration of Cu(2+) makes it a promising adsorbent for heavy metal ions.

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