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1.
Talanta ; 236: 122821, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635211

RESUMO

Well-defined structures and compositions of nucleic acids afford oligonucleotide probes with unique chemical properties and biological functions for various biosensing applications. Herein, a unique and special oligonucleotide probe, named multifunction-integrated linear oligonucleotide probe (MI-LOP), was facile designed and reported for label-free and turn-on fluorescent detection of the codon component of genetically modified organisms (GMOs). The MI-LOP contains four different functional regions including recognition of target, serving as polymerization template, and creating polymerization primer-linked G-quadruplex (PP-G-quadruplex). Without the aid of any other oligonucleotides, the introduction of target DNA can make each function of the MI-LOP executed one-by-one, during which the species of target DNA, target analogue, and PP-G-quadruplex can be cyclically utilized and in turn induce a multiplex signal amplification responsible for substantial collection of the G-quadruplex moieties under isothermal conditions. The stable G-quadruplexes can combine with N-methyl mesoporphyrin IX (NMM) and function as efficient fluorescence light-up probes, rapidly leading to a dramatic increase in the fluorescence intensity for the amplified detection of the target codon component. Our results strongly demonstrate that the developed MI-LOP with multiplex amplification effect confers the sensing strategy a high sensitivity and specificity for quantitative and qualitative detection of the target codon. And it has also been successfully applied for analyzing target codon in the complex extractions of soybean. The achievements highlight the significance of using oligonucleotide probes as promising analytical tools to promote the basic biochemical research and help in food and environmental analysis.


Assuntos
Quadruplex G , DNA/genética , Fluorescência , Sondas de Oligonucleotídeos/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas
2.
Food Chem ; 366: 130595, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34298393

RESUMO

Herein, a surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)-integrated LFS platform was developed for rapid and simultaneous screening of multiple genetically modified organism (GMO) components (promoter, codon, and terminator) in soybean. Research demonstrated that, on the same test line (T line) of single LFS, three different GMP components can be well distinguished with the help of three SERS nano tags. Good linear correlations between SERS signal and concentration of each GMO component were also obtained for quantitative analysis. Of greater importance, whether these multiple analytes coexisted or not, varied in the same concentration trend or not, these multiple GMP components can be rapidly (15 min) and accurately screened with satisfied sensitivity and specificity by decoding the signals on the same T line. We envision that this decoding platform can further improve the potential of LFS and SERS for practical applications and provide a promising alternative for multiple screening of GMO identification in food.


Assuntos
Análise Espectral Raman , Organismos Geneticamente Modificados , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
3.
Am J Cardiol ; 2021 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785035

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess long-term resource utilization and outcomes in patients with acute chest pain who underwent coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and stress echocardiography (SE). This was a retrospective, propensity-matched analysis of health insurance claims data for a national sample of privately insured patients over the period January 1, 2011, to December 31, 2014. There were 3,816 patients matched 1:1 who received either CCTA (n = 1,908) or SE (n = 1,908). Patients were seen in the emergency department (ED) between January 1, 2011, and December 31, 2011 with a primary diagnosis of chest pain and received either CCTA or SE within 72 hours as the first noninvasive test and maintained continuous enrollment in the database from the time of the ED encounter through December 31, 2014. All individual patient data were censored at 3 years. Compared with SE, CCTA was associated with higher odds of downstream cardiac catheterization (9.9% vs 7.7%, adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 1.28, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.00 to 1.63), future noninvasive testing (27.7% vs 22.3%, AOR 1.22, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.42), and return ED visits or hospitalization for chest pain at 3 years (33.1% vs 24.2%, AOR 1.37, 95% CI 1.19 to 1.59). There were no statistically significant differences in new statin use (15.5% vs 14.9%, AOR 1.04, 95% CI 0.85 to 1.28), coronary revascularization (2.7% vs 2.2%, AOR 1.25, 95% CI 0.77 to 2.01) or hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction (0.9% vs 0.9%, AOR 0.96, 95% CI 0.47 to 1.99). In conclusion, in patients who present to the ED with chest pain, CCTA is associated with increased downstream resource utilization compared with SE with no differences in long-term cardiovascular outcomes.

4.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 197: 113771, 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775255

RESUMO

Due to the similar clinical symptoms of influenza (Flu) and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), there is a looming infection threat of concurrent Flu viruses and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). In this work, we introduce a customized isothermal amplification integrated lateral flow strip (LFS) that is capable performing duplex reverse transcription-recombinase polymerase amplification (RT-RPA) and colorimetric LFS in a sequential manner. With customized amplification primer sets targeted to SARS-CoV-2 (opening reading frame 1a/b and nucleoprotein genes) and Flu viruses (Flu A and Flu B), the platform allows the rapid and simultaneous visual screening of SARS-CoV-2 and Flu viruses (Flu A and Flu B) without cross reactivity, false positives, and false negatives. Moreover, it maximally eases the detection, reduces the detection time (1 h), and improves the assay performance to detect as low as 10 copies of the viral RNA. Its clinical application is powerfully demonstrated with 100% accuracy for evaluating 15 SARS-CoV-2-positive clinical samples, 10 Flu viruses-positive clinical samples, and 5 negative clinical samples, which were pre-confirmed by standard qRT-PCR. We envision this portable device can meet the increasing need of online monitoring the serious infectious diseases that substantially affects health care systems worldwide.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34797653

RESUMO

The immune system and skeletal system are closely linked. Macrophages are one of the most important immune cells for bone remodeling, playing a prohealing role mainly through M2 phenotype polarization. Baicalein (5,6,7-trihydroxyflavone, BCL) has been well documented to have a noticeable promotion effect on M2 macrophage polarization. However, due to the limitations in targeted delivery to macrophages and the toxic effect on other organs, BCL has rarely been used in the treatment of bone fractures. In this study, we developed mesoporous silica and Fe3O4 composite-targeted nanoparticles loaded with BCL (BCL@MMSNPs-SS-CD-NW), which could be magnetically delivered to the fracture site. This induced macrophage recruitment in a targeted manner, polarizing them toward the M2 phenotype, which was demonstrated to induce mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) toward osteoblastic differentiation. The mesoporous silicon nanoparticles (MSNs) were prepared with surface sulfhydrylation and amination modification, and the mesoporous channels were blocked with ß-cyclodextrin. The outer layer of the mesoporous silicon was added with an amantane-modified NW-targeting peptide to obtain the targeted nanosystem. After entering macrophages, BCL could be released from nanoparticles since the disulfide linker could be cleaved by intracellular glutathione (GSH), resulting in the removal of cyclodextrin (CD) gatekeeper, which is a key element in the pro-bone-remodeling functions such as anti-inflammation and induction of M2 macrophage polarization to facilitate osteogenic differentiation. This nanosystem passively accumulated in the fracture site, promoting osteogenic differentiation activities, highlighting a potent therapeutic benefit with high biosafety.

6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(41): e27457, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34731120

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination in young women is low. Women aged 21 to 65 years in the United States (U.S.) have not reached the Healthy People 2020 objective of 93% for cervical cancer screening. The main aim of this study was to investigate the association between HPV vaccination status and cervical cancer screening among privately insured women aged 21 to 26 years in the U.S.This was a retrospective cohort study using the IBM MarketScan database (2006-2016). The study population included 190,982 HPV-vaccinated women and 763,928 matched unvaccinated women. Adjusted incidence rate ratio (IRR) and the 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were obtained using the generalized estimating equations models with a Poisson distribution.Among a total of 954,910 women included in the analysis, age (mean [SD]) was 23.3 [1.6] years. During 967,317 person-years of follow-up, a total of 475,702 incidents of cervical cancer screening were identified. The incidence density rates of cervical cancer screening were 461 per 1000 person-years (PY) for unvaccinated women and 787 per 1000 PY for those who received 3 doses of the HPV vaccine. After adjusting for other covariates, the IRR of cervical cancer screening was 34% higher among HPV-vaccinated women with at least one vaccine dose than unvaccinated women (adjusted IRR = 1.34, 95% CI: 1.33-1.35; P < .0001). The IRR of cervical cancer screening varied by the dose of HPV vaccination. There was evidence of a linear dose-response relationship between the number of HPV vaccine doses and cervical cancer screening (P-trend < .0001). Compared with unvaccinated women, the IRR of cervical cancer screening were 14%, 39%, and 60% higher among those who received 1, 2, and 3 doses of the HPV vaccine, respectively.In this large retrospective cohort study of privately insured women, HPV-vaccinated women were more likely to be screened for cervical cancer compared with unvaccinated women.


Assuntos
Programas de Rastreamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Cobertura Vacinal/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Seguro Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/administração & dosagem , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/imunologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
7.
Andrologia ; : e14319, 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34796510

RESUMO

The main purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to explore the association between uric acid (UA) and erectile dysfunction (ED). Databases including PubMed, Cochrane Library and Web of Science were retrieved to identify studies published in English up to 31 June 2021. We preregistered this meta-analysis in the PROSPERO (registration number CRD42021267035). Two independent authors extracted the relevant data from all enrolled articles. We evaluated the quality of enrolled studies using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). The standardized mean difference (SMD), as well as the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs), was used to assess the difference between ED patients and healthy subjects. A total of five studies were enrolled for our meta-analysis to explore the association of UA with ED. The pooled SMD of the UA level difference between ED patients and healthy subjects was 0.42 (95% CI:0.09, 0.74, p < 0.001). There were no individual data that significantly influenced the pooled SMDs in the sensitivity analysis. There was no evidence of publication bias. This novel meta-analysis confirmed that UA was an independent risk factor for ED, which suggested that the erectile function of patients with elevated uric acid should be evaluated by clinicians.

8.
Sci Total Environ ; : 151282, 2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34757096

RESUMO

Climate change leads to more serious drying-rewetting alternation disturbance, which furtherly affects soil ecosystem function and agriculture production. Intercropping green manure, as an ancient agricultural practice, can improve the physical, chemical, and biological fertility of soil in tea plantation. However, the effects of intercropping green manure on soil multifunctional resistance to drying-rewetting disturbance in tea plantation has not been reported. In this study, the effects of different green manure practices over four years (tea plant monoculture, tea plant and soybean intercropping, tea plant and soybean + milk vetch intercropping) on soil multifunctionality resistance to drying-rewetting cycles, and the pivotal influencing factors were investigated. We used quantitative PCR array and analysis of multiple enzyme activities to characterize the abundance of functional genes and ecosystem multifunctionality, respectively. Compared with tea plantation monoculture, tea plant intercropping soybean and soybean + milk vetch significantly increased multifunctionality resistance by 12.07% and 25.86%, respectively. Random forest analysis indicated that rather than the diversity, the abundance of functional genes was the major drive of multifunctionality resistance. The structure equation model further proved that tea plantation intercropping green manure could improve the abundance of C cycling related functional genes mediated by soil properties, and ultimately increased multifunctionality resistance to drying-rewetting disturbance. Therefore, tea plantation intercropping green manure is an effective approach to maintain the multifunctionality resistance, which is conducive to maintain the soil nutrient supply capacity and tea production under the disturbance of drying-rewetting alternation.

9.
Front Oncol ; 11: 756779, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34745992

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a malignant tumor with a high degree of malignancy and a poor prognosis. Androgen receptor (AR) has been reported to play important roles in the regulation of the progression of HCC, but the underlying mechanisms of how AR regulates HCC initiation, progression, metastasis, and chemotherapy resistance still need further study. Our study found that AR could act as a tumor suppression gene to suppress HCC cells invasion and migration capacities via miR-122-5p/RABL6 signaling, and the mechanism study further confirmed that miR-122-5p could suppress the expression of RABL6 to influence HCC cells progression by directly targeting the 3'UTR of the mRNA of RABL6. The preclinical study using an in vivo mouse model with orthotopic xenografts of HCC cells confirmed the in vitro data, and the clinical data gotten from online databases based on TCGA samples also confirmed the linkage of AR/miR-122-5p/RABL6 signaling to the HCC progression. Together, these findings suggest that AR could suppress HCC invasion and migration capacities via miR-122-5p/RABL6 signaling, and targeting this newly explored signaling may help us find new therapeutic targets for better treatment of HCC.

10.
J Food Sci ; 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755905

RESUMO

Semi-waxy rice, a low-amylose content (8%-13%) rice variety, can resist retrogradation. It is becoming more and more popular and widely cultivated in East China where consumers prefer cooked rice with soft and tender texture. In this study, water migration, texture and oral processing properties of cooked rice during retrogradation were investigated in order to characterize semi-waxy rice. The results confirmed that the water mobility and migration of semi-waxy rice during retrogradation is weaker than that of waxy rice and stronger than that of nonwaxy rice. Simultaneously, the hardness of semi-waxy rice was higher than that of waxy rice and lower than that of nonwaxy rice. The oral processing properties confirmed that freshly waxy rice was too adhesive and needed more work to breakdown slow breakdown structure (Type Ⅱ structure) compared to freshly semi-waxy rice. Meanwhile, nonwaxy rice was too hard, and more work was needed to break both fast breakdown structure (Type I structure) and slow breakdown structure (Type Ⅱ structure). The oral processing properties confirmed that retrograded semi-waxy rice generated more reducing sugar than retrograded waxy rice and nonwaxy rice. Thus, semi-waxy rice can retard retrogradation, and the texture of cooked semi-waxy rice is neither too adhesive as waxy rice nor too hard as nonwaxy rice. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: Semi-waxy rice cultivars have been widely cultivated in East China and well accepted by the consumers. This study aims to characterize semi-waxy rice and provide theoretical basis for semi-waxy rice study.

11.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(10): e2127784, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34613403

RESUMO

Importance: Currently, there are limited published data regarding resource use and spending on cancer care in the US. Objective: To characterize the most frequent medical services provided and the associated spending for privately insured patients with cancer in the US. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study used data from the MarketScan database for the calendar year 2018 from a sample of 27.1 million privately insured individuals, including patients with a diagnosis of the 15 most prevalent cancers, predominantly from large insurers and self-insured employers. Overall societal health care spending was estimated for each cancer type by multiplying the mean total spending per patient (estimated from MarketScan) by the number of privately insured patients living with that cancer in 2018, as reported by the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program. Analyses were performed from February 1, 2018, to July 8, 2021. Exposures: Evaluation and management as prescribed by treating care team. Main Outcomes and Measures: Current Procedural Terminology and Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System codes based on cancer diagnosis code. Results: The estimated cost of cancer care in 2018 for 402 115 patients with the 15 most prevalent cancer types was approximately $156.2 billion for privately insured adults younger than 65 years in the US. There were a total of 38.4 million documented procedure codes for 15 cancers in the MarketScan database, totaling $10.8 billion. Patients with breast cancer contributed the greatest total number of services (10.9 million [28.4%]), followed by those with colorectal cancer (3.9 million [10.2%]) and prostate cancer (3.6 million [9.4%]). Pathology and laboratory tests contributed the highest number of services performed (11.7 million [30.5%]), followed by medical services (6.3 million [16.4%]) and medical supplies and nonphysician services (6.1 million [15.9%]). The costliest cancers were those of the breast ($3.4 billion [31.5%]), followed by lung ($1.1 billion [10.2%]) and colorectum ($1.1 billion [10.2%]). Medical supplies and nonphysician services contributed the highest total spent ($4.0 billion [37.0%]), followed by radiology ($2.1 billion [19.4%]) and surgery ($1.8 billion [16.7%]). Conclusions and Relevance: This analysis suggests that patients with breast, colorectal, and prostate cancers had the greatest number of services performed, particularly for pathology and laboratory tests, whereas patients with breast, lung, lymphoma, and colorectal cancer incurred the greatest costs, particularly for medical supplies and nonphysician services. The cost of cancer care in 2018 for the 15 most prevalent cancer types was estimated to be approximately $156.2 billion for privately insured adults younger than 65 years in the US.

12.
Andrologia ; : e14275, 2021 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34658054

RESUMO

The updated meta-analysis was conducted to further verify the effect of varicocele on sperm DNA damage, supplying clinicians and researchers with high-grade evidence. The sperm DNA damage was evaluated by DNA fragmentation index (DFI), associated with the male fertility capability tightly. PubMed, Web of Science and Cochrane Library were searched extensively for eligible studies with the search terms: varicocele, sperm DNA and sperm DNA damage. Finally, a total of 12 studies were included in our meta-analysis with a total of 845 patients diagnosed with varicocele and 2,377 healthy controls. A statistical difference of DFI between varicocele patients and healthy controls was found after pooling the data ((Standardised mean difference) SMD: 1.40, 95%CI: 0.83-1.98, p < .0001), using the random effect model. We conducted subgroup analysis according to study region (Brazil and Other countries), detection methods of DFI (TUNEL, Comet, and SCSA), sample size (<50 and >50) and age (<30 and >30 years), based on substantial heterogeneity among eligible studies. The stability of pooled results was verified by sensitivity analysis. All these statistical analyses were conducted using Stata version 16.0. In conclusion, patients diagnosed with clinical varicocele had higher DFI than healthy controls, which means varicocele could impair sperm DNA, consequently the fertility potential of affected men.

13.
Nano Lett ; 21(20): 8650-8656, 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34609149

RESUMO

A perovskite microlaser is potentially valuable for integrated photonics due to its excellent properties. The artificial microlasers were mostly made on polycrystalline films. Though a perovskite single crystal has significantly improved properties in comparison with its polycrystalline counterpart, an artificial microlaser based on single-crystal perovskite has been much less explored due to the difficulty in producing an ultrathin-single-crystal (UTSC) film. Here we show a device processing based on a perovskite UTSC film, confirming the high performance of the UTSC device with a quality factor of 1250. The single-crystal device shows 4.5 times the quality factor and 8 times the radiation intensity in comparison with its polycrystalline counterpart. The experiment first proved that hybrid perovskite microlasers with a subwavelength fine structure can be processed by focused ion beams (FIB). In addition, a wavelength-tunable distributed feedback (DFB) laser is demonstrated, with a tuning range of ∼4.6 nm. The research provides an easily applicable approach for perovskite photonic devices with excellent performance.

14.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(34): 18770-18776, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34612415

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2-D) materials, especially carbon allotropes, have larger storage capacity and faster diffusion rate due to their unique structures and are usually used in ion batteries. Recently, a new stable two-dimensional carbon allotrope, namely PAI-graphene, was reported by first-principles calculations. Due to its lightweight and multiple-ring structure, great stability and excellent properties, here, we theoretically reveal the excellent performance of PAI-graphene as an anode material for Li-/Na-ion batteries. Our results show that PAI-graphene has intrinsic metallicity before and after adsorption of Li/Na, which ensures that it has good conductivity when working as an electrode material. In addition, PAI-graphene exhibits quite low open circuit voltage (0.342-0.190 V for Li, 0.339-0.233 V for Na) and diffusion barrier (0.34 eV for Li, 0.17 eV for Na), which indicates its superiority as an anode material. Most noteworthily, the Na storage capacity of PAI-graphene is up to 1674 mA h g-1, which is much higher than that of most 2-D anode materials. Thus, we believe that PAI-graphene can be an outstanding anode material with outstanding performance.

15.
BMC Plant Biol ; 21(1): 482, 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34686144

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intercropping, especially with legumes, as a productive and sustainable system, can promote plants growth and improves the soil quality than the sole crop, is an essential cultivation pattern in modern agricultural systems. However, the metabolic changes of secondary metabolites and the growth in tea plants during the processing of intercropping with soybean have not been fully analyzed. RESULTS: The secondary metabolomic of the tea plants were significant influence with intercropping soybean during the different growth stages. Especially in the profuse flowering stage of intercropping soybean, the biosynthesis of amino acids was significantly impacted, and the flavonoid biosynthesis, the flavone and flavonol biosynthesis also were changed. And the expression of metabolites associated with amino acids metabolism, particularly glutamate, glutamine, lysine and arginine were up-regulated, while the expression of the sucrose and D-Glucose-6P were down-regulated. Furthermore, the chlorophyll photosynthetic parameters and the photosynthetic activity of tea plants were higher in the tea plants-soybean intercropping system. CONCLUSIONS: These results strengthen our understanding of the metabolic mechanisms in tea plant's secondary metabolites under the tea plants-soybean intercropping system and demonstrate that the intercropping system of leguminous crops is greatly potential to improve tea quality. These may provide the basis for reducing the application of nitrogen fertilizer and improve the ecosystem in tea plantations.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Camellia sinensis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Camellia sinensis/metabolismo , Produtos Agrícolas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Metabolismo Secundário , Solo/química , Soja/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Agricultura/métodos , China
16.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(21): 10152-10163, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34609057

RESUMO

Hepatic ischaemia reperfusion injury (HIRI) is a major factor leading to liver dysfunction after liver resection and liver transplantation. Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) have potential therapeutic effects on HIRI. Exosomes derived from ADSCs (ADSCs-exo) have been widely studied as an alternative of ADSCs therapy. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the potential protective effect and related mechanism of ADSCs-exo on HIRI subsequent to hepatectomy. Rats were randomly divided into four groups: Sham, I30R+PH, ADSCs and ADSCs-exo group. After 24 h of reperfusion, liver and serum of the rats were immediately collected. ADSCs-exo improved liver function, inhibited oxidative stress and reduced apoptosis of hepatocytes in HIRI subsequent to hepatectomy in rats. ADSCs-exo significantly promoted the recovery of mitochondrial function, markedly increased the content of ATP in the liver tissue, and improved the ultrastructure of mitochondria in hepatocytes. Moreover, ADSCs-exo significantly increased the expression of OPA-1, MFN-1 and MFN-2 proteins related to mitochondrial fusion, while DRP-1 and Fis-1 mRNA and protein expression associated with mitochondrial fission were significantly decreased after the treatment with ADSCs-exo. In addition, ADSCs-exo significantly increased the expression of PGC-1α, NRF-1 and TFAM genes and proteins related to mitochondrial biogenesis. ADSCs-exo improves liver function induced by HIRI subsequent to hepatectomy in rats and maintains mitochondrial homeostasis by inhibiting mitochondrial fission, promoting mitochondrial fusion and promoting mitochondrial biogenesis. Therefore, ADSCs-exo may be considered as a potential promising alternative to ADSCs in the treatment of HIRI subsequent to hepatectomy.

17.
Fitoterapia ; 155: 105038, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600094

RESUMO

Phenolic bisabolane-type sesquiterpenoids (PBS) represent a rare class of natural products with diverse biological activities. In this study, chemical investigations of the fungus Aspergillus flavipes 297 resulted in the isolation and identification of seven PBS, including a pair of new enantiomers (+)-1a and (-)-1b, a new derivative 2, and five previously reported ones 3-7. The chemical structures of the isolated PBS were determined by extensive NMR and HRESIMS spectroscopic analysis. The absolute configurations of the separated enantiomers (+)-1a and (-)-1b were solved by comparison of the experimental ECD spectra with those of the TDDFT-ECD calculated spectra. The new compounds 1 and 2 represent rare cases of PBS bearing a methylsulfinyl group, which was distinct from the commonly-observed PBS structurally. All the isolated compounds 1-7 were evaluated their antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities. As a result, the tested compounds showed selective antimicrobial activity against several pathogenic bacteria and fungi with the MIC (minimum inhibiting concentrations) values ranging from 2 to 64 µg/mL. Moreover, enantiomers (+)-1a and (-)-1b, together with compound 2, exhibited promising cytotoxicity against MKN-45 and HepG2 cell lines, respectively, indicating that the methylsulfinyl substituent enhanced cytotoxicity to a certain degree.

18.
Pathogens ; 10(9)2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34578125

RESUMO

Vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), which belongs to the Vesiculovirus genus of the family Rhabdoviridae, is a well studied livestock pathogen and prototypic non-segmented, negative-sense RNA virus. Although VSV is responsible for causing economically significant outbreaks of vesicular stomatitis in cattle, horses, and swine, the virus also represents a valuable research tool for molecular biologists and virologists. Indeed, the establishment of a reverse genetics system for the recovery of infectious VSV from cDNA transformed the utility of this virus and paved the way for its use as a vaccine vector. A highly effective VSV-based vaccine against Ebola virus recently received clinical approval, and many other VSV-based vaccines have been developed, particularly for high-consequence viruses. This review seeks to provide a holistic but concise overview of VSV, covering the virus's ascension from perennial agricultural scourge to promising medical countermeasure, with a particular focus on vaccines.

19.
Nutr J ; 20(1): 80, 2021 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34548082

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether mushroom consumption, which is a rich source of potent antioxidants ergothioneine and glutathione, vitamins, and minerals (e.g., selenium & copper), is associated with a lower mortality risk is not well understood. This study aimed to examine the association between mushroom consumption and risk of mortality in a prospective cohort study and a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. METHODS: We followed 30,378 participants from the continuous National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) extant data (2003-2014). Dietary mushroom intake was assessed using up to two 24-h recalls. Mortality was evaluated in all participants linked to the National Death Index mortality data through December 31, 2015. We used Cox proportional hazards regression models to calculate multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). We also conducted a meta-analysis, including results from our present study and 4 other cohort studies. RESULTS: During a mean (SD) of 6.7 (3.4) years of follow-up, a total of 2855 death cases were documented among NHANES participants. In our analysis of continuous NHANES, we found a non-significant association between mushroom consumption and all-cause mortality (adjusted hazard ratio (HR) = 0.84; 95% CI: 0.67-1.06) after adjusting for demographic, major lifestyle factors, overall diet quality, and other dietary factors, including total energy. The meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies, including 601,893 individuals, showed that mushroom consumption was associated with a lower risk of all-cause mortality (pooled risk ratio: 0.94; 95% CI: 0.91, 0.98). CONCLUSION: In a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies, mushroom consumption was associated with a lower risk of all-cause mortality.


Assuntos
Agaricales , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Estudos de Coortes , Dieta , Humanos , Mortalidade , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
20.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1180: 338862, 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34538316

RESUMO

Rapid emergence of new strains of drug-resistant H1N1 influenza viruses calls for effective drugs for the controls prior to their outbreaks. In the present work, electrochemical H1N1 RNA beacons have been newly designed for exploring the potentiality of an anticancer agent of Bleomycin (BLM) with Fe (ΙΙ) ions (BLM-Fe(ΙΙ)) alternatively the treatment of drug-resistant H1N1 strains with H274Y gene mutation. Herein, biotinylated (-) ssRNA of H1N1 virus and its complementary (+) ssRNA were labeled with electrochemical signal probes of ferrocene and anthraquinone, respectively. The resultants were hybridized and conjugated with avidin-modified magnetic beads to create electrochemical RNA beacons. The electrochemical signal variation of the H1N1 RNA beacon treated with the RNA degradation agent of BLM-Fe(ΙΙ) were monitored. Results indicate that the BLM-Fe(ΙΙ) agent could effectively cleave both H1N1 dsRNAs and ssRNAs at selective cutting sites, as evidenced by the mass spectrometry analysis. This indicates that the BLM-Fe(II) agent could be utilized to block the viral-host infection process by curbing the host-cell viral RNA-mRNA transcription or inactivate the viruses through the cleavage of viral genomes. The efficiency of the BLM-Fe(ΙΙ) agent was verified with clinical seasonal H1N1 samples using real-time polymerase chain reaction. The therapeutic gene drug of BLM-Fe(ΙΙ) holds great potential for controlling new strains of H1N1 virus resistant to clinical antiviral drugs. More importantly, the so designed RNA beacons may provide a rapid, sensitive and cost-effective platform of drug screening by monitoring the drug-DNA/RNA interactions.


Assuntos
Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1 , Influenza Humana , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Bleomicina , Farmacorresistência Viral/genética , Compostos Ferrosos , Humanos , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/genética , Neuraminidase , Oseltamivir , RNA Viral/genética
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