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1.
Poult Sci ; 99(1): 163-171, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416797

RESUMO

This study investigated the effects of indoor stocking density on performance, egg quality, and welfare status of a native chicken, Beijing You Chicken (BYC), during 22 to 38 wk. A total of 1,040 19-wk-old BYC pullets were randomly allocated to 4 groups (2 replicates each) and reared in 8 individual floor pens with separate covered shed and uncovered outdoor areas. The indoor stocking densities were 5, 6, 7, and 8 hens/m2, and the birds were fed corn-soybean based diets. The performance was calculated for 22 to 30, 30 to 38, and 22 to 38 wk, and egg quality indices were measured at the end of weeks 26, 29, and 36. The feather cover and gait score of the birds were assessed at the end of weeks 29 and 36. The results showed that average feed intake (AFI) and mortality rate of BYC in the 8 hens/m2 group were higher than other groups during 22 to 30 wk (P = 0.001 and P = 0.005); the egg mass and egg-laying rate were higher in groups with lower stocking density, in contrast to the feed egg ratio during 30 to 38 wk. The AFI, mortality rate, and 38-wk body weight were affected by stocking density during 22 to 38 wk (P < 0.05). Most of egg quality indices were not changed by stocking density (P > 0.05), except for individual indicators, such as Haugh unit at week 26 (P = 0.012) and egg grade at week 29 (P = 0.026). The feather cover and gait scores of birds were affected by indoor stocking density at 36 wk of age, with the 8 hens/m2 group having lower scores than the 5, 6, and 7 hens/m2 groups (P = 0.042 and P = 0.039), whereas the 7 hens/m2 groups having no difference with the 5 and 6 hens/m2 groups (P > 0.05). Overall, the results suggested that the performance and egg quality of BYC were not significantly affected by equal to or less than 7 hens/m2 under this system (P > 0.05), but 8 hens/m2 had an adverse effect on the performance and welfare status of the native chicken during 22 to 38 wk.

2.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 43(3): 167-170, 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32164079

RESUMO

In December 2019, the outbreak of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in Wuhan, China, attracting attention worldwidely. The novel coronavirus has the characteristics of rapid transmission, atypical clinical symptoms, and easy to affect both lungs, leading to missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis, as well as difficult to detection and assessment at early stage. Fever, cough, myalgia, weakness, dyspnea and imagings may be helpful for the early detection of novel coronavirus pneumonia. At the same time, the rate of disease progression, fever, CT manifestations, hypoxia degree, age, basic diseases, and laboratory indicators can also be used to evaluate the severity of the novel coronavirus pneumonia.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Surtos de Doenças , Diagnóstico Precoce , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Tosse/etiologia , Erros de Diagnóstico , Dispneia/etiologia , Febre/etiologia , Humanos , Mialgia/etiologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/etiologia
3.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 43(3): 203-208, 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32164089

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) pneumonia and to investigate the correlation between serum inflammatory cytokines and severity of the disease. Methods: 29 patients with 2019-ncov admitted to the isolation ward of Tongji hospital affiliated to Tongji medical college of Huazhong University of Science and Technology in January 2020 were selected as the study subjects. Clinical data were collected and the general information, clinical symptoms, blood test and CT imaging characteristics were analyzed. According to the relevant diagnostic criteria, the patients were divided into three groups: mild (15 cases), severe (9 cases) and critical (5 cases). The expression levels of inflammatory cytokines and other markers in the serum of each group were detected, and the changes of these indicators of the three groups were compared and analyzed, as well as their relationship with the clinical classification of the disease. Results: (1) The main symptoms of 2019-nCoV pneumonia was fever (28/29) with or without respiratory and other systemic symptoms. Two patients died with underlying disease and co-bacterial infection, respectively. (2) The blood test of the patients showed normal or decreased white blood cell count (23/29), decreased lymphocyte count (20/29), increased hypersensitive C reactive protein (hs-CRP) (27/29), and normal procalcitonin. In most patients, serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was significantly increased (20/29), while albumin was decreased (15/29). Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bilirubin (Tbil), serum creatinine (Scr) and other items showed no significant changes. (3) CT findings of typical cases were single or multiple patchy ground glass shadows accompanied by septal thickening. When the disease progresses, the lesion increases and the scope expands, and the ground glass shadow coexists with the solid shadow or the stripe shadow. (4) There were statistically significant differences in the expression levels of interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R) and IL-6 in the serum of the three groups (P<0.05), among which the critical group was higher than the severe group and the severe group was higher than the mild group. However, there were no statistically significant differences in serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), IL-1, IL-8, IL-10, hs-CRP, lymphocyte count and LDH among the three groups (P>0.05). Conclusion: The clinical characteristics of 2019-nCoV pneumonia are similar to those of common viral pneumonia. High resolution CT is of great value in the differential diagnosis of this disease. The increased expression of IL-2R and IL-6 in serum is expected to predict the severity of the 2019-nCoV pneumonia and the prognosis of patients.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Biomarcadores , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Receptores de Interleucina-2/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/metabolismo , Citocinas/sangue , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia Viral/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
4.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 43(3): 209-214, 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32164090

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics of medical staff with novel coronavirus pneumonia(NCP). Methods: 30 patients infected with novel coronavirus referred to jianghan university hospital between January 11, 2020 and January 3, 2020 were studied. The data reviewed included those of clinical manifestations, laboratory investigation and Radiographic features. Results: The patients consisted of 10 men and 20 women, including 22 doctors and 8 nurses,aged 21~59 years(mean 35±8 years).They were divided to 26 common type and 4 severe cases, all of whom had close(within 1m) contact with patients infected of novel coronavirus pneumonia. The average contact times were 12 (7,16) and the average cumulative contact time was 2 (1.5,2.7) h.Clinical symptoms of these patients were fever in 23 patients (76.67%) , headache in 16 petients (53.33%) , fatigue or myalgia in 21patients (70%) , nausea, vomiting or diarrhea in 9 petients (30%) , cough in 25 petients (83.33%) , and dyspnea in 14 petients (46.67%) .Routine blood test revealed WBC<4.0×10(9)/L in 8 petients (26.67%) , (4-10) ×10(9)/L in 22 petients (73.33%) , and WBC>4.0×10(9)/L in 4 petients (13.33%) during the disease.Lymphocyte count<1.0×10(9)/L occurred in 12 petients (40%),abnormal liver function in 7 petients (23.33%) ,myocardial damage in 5 petients(16.67%), elevated D-dimer (>0.5mg/l) in 5 patients (16.67%). Compared with normal patients, the average exposure times, cumulative exposure time, BMI, Fever time, white blood cell count, liver enzyme, LDH, myoenzyme and D-dimer were significantly increased in severe patients, while the lymphocyte count and albumin levels in peripheral blood were significantly decreased.Chest CT mainly showed patchy shadows and interstitial changes.According to imaging examination, 11 patients (36.67%) showed Unilateral pneumonia and 19 patients (63.33%) showed bilateral pneumonia,4 patients (13.33%) showed bilateral multiple mottling and ground-glass opacity.Compared with the patients infected in the protected period, the proportion of severe infection and bilateral pneumonia were both increased in the patients infected in unprotected period. Conclusion: Medical staffs are at higher risk of infection.Infection rates are associated with contact time, the amount of suction virus. Severe patients had BMI increased, heating time prolonged, white blood cell count, lymphocyte count, D-dimer and albumin level significantly changed and were prone to be complicated with liver damage and myocardial damage.Strict protection measures is important to prevent infection for medical workers.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus , Febre , Pessoal de Saúde , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional , Pneumonia Viral , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Tosse/etiologia , Dispneia/etiologia , Feminino , Febre/classificação , Febre/etiologia , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Fígado/patologia , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocárdio/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Albumina Sérica , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
5.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 43(4): 281-284, 2020 Apr 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32118391

RESUMO

With a large number of COVID-19 patients discharging from hospital, some had showed re-fever and positive nucleic acid test after discharge from hospital. This might be due to the biological characteristics of 2019-nCoV, and might also be related to the basic disease, clinical status, glucocorticoid using, sample sampling, processing and detecting of patients, and some even related to the re-infection or secondary bacterial virus infection. Therefore, we suggest that in view of this phenomenon, further stratified management of discharge from hospital should be carried out on the basis of guidelines, especially for patients with advanced age, underlying diseases or severe or critical pneumonia. For those patients who can't completely deoxygenate for a long time after hospitalization, individualized treatment methods and different discharge evaluation criteria should be adopted to ensure the complete cure of patients and prevent recurrencing after discharge from hospital.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Alta do Paciente , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Pandemias , Recidiva
6.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 43(0): E005, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32026671

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) pneumonia and to investigate the correlation between serum inflammatory cytokines and severity of the disease. Methods: 29 patients with 2019-ncov admitted to the isolation ward of Tongji hospital affiliated to Tongji medical college of Huazhong University of Science and Technology in January 2020 were selected as the study subjects. Clinical data were collected and the general information, clinical symptoms, blood test and CT imaging characteristics were analyzed. According to the relevant diagnostic criteria, the patients were divided into three groups: mild (15 cases), severe (9 cases) and critical (5 cases). The expression levels of inflammatory cytokines and other markers in the serum of each group were detected, and the changes of these indicators of the three groups were compared and analyzed, as well as their relationship with the clinical classification of the disease. Results: (1) The main symptoms of 2019-nCoV pneumonia was fever (28/29) with or without respiratory and other systemic symptoms. Two patients died with underlying disease and co-bacterial infection, respectively. (2) The blood test of the patients showed normal or decreased white blood cell count (23/29), decreased lymphocyte count (20/29), increased hypersensitive C reactive protein (hs-CRP) (27/29), and normal procalcitonin. In most patients,serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was significantly increased (20/29), while albumin was decreased(15/29). Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bilirubin (Tbil), serum creatinine (Scr) and other items showed no significant changes. (3) CT findings of typical cases were single or multiple patchy ground glass shadows accompanied by septal thickening. When the disease progresses, the lesion increases and the scope expands, and the ground glass shadow coexists with the solid shadow or the stripe shadow. (4) There were statistically significant differences in the expression levels of interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R) and IL-6 in the serum of the three groups (P<0.05), among which the critical group was higher than the severe group and the severe group was higher than the mildgroup. However, there were no statistically significant differences in serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), IL-1, IL-8, IL-10, hs-CRP, lymphocyte count and LDH among the three groups (P>0.05). Conclusion: The clinical characteristics of 2019-nCoV pneumonia are similar to those of common viral pneumonia. High resolution CT is of great value in the differential diagnosis of this disease. The increased expression of IL-2R and IL-6 in serum is expected to predict the severity of the 2019-nCoV pneumonia and the prognosis of patients.

7.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 43(0): E016, 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062957

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics of medical staff with novel coronavirus pneumonia(NCP). Methods: 30 patients infected with novel coronavirus referred to jianghan university hospital between January 11, 2020 and January 3, 2020 were studied. The data reviewed included those of clinical manifestations, laboratory investigation and Radiographic features. Results: The patients consisted of 10 men and 20 women, including 22 doctors and 8 nurses,aged 21~59 years(mean 35±8 years).They were divided to 26 common type and 4 severe cases, all of whom had close(within 1m) contact with patients infected of novel coronavirus pneumonia. The average contact times were 12 (7,16) and the average cumulative contact time was 2 (1.5,2.7) h.Clinical symptoms of these patients were fever in 23 patients (76.67%) , headache in 16 petients (53.33%) , fatigue or myalgia in 21patients (70%) , nausea, vomiting or diarrhea in 9 petients (30%) , cough in 25 petients (83.33%) , and dyspnea in 14 petients (46.67%) .Routine blood test revealed WBC <4.0×10(9)/L in 8 petients (26.67%) , (4-10) ×10(9)/L in 22 petients (73.33%) , and WBC>4.0×10(9)/L in 4 petients (13.33%) during the disease.Lymphocyte count <1.0×10(9)/L occurred in 12 petients (40%),abnormal liver function in 7 petients (23.33%) ,myocardial damage in 5 petients(16.67%), elevated D-dimer (>0.5mg/l) in 5 patients (16.67%). Compared with normal patients, the average exposure times, cumulative exposure time, BMI, Fever time, white blood cell count, liver enzyme, LDH, myoenzyme and D-dimer were significantly increased in severe patients, while the lymphocyte count and albumin levels in peripheral blood were significantly decreased.Chest CT mainly showed patchy shadows and interstitial changes.According to imaging examination, 11 patients (36.67%) showed Unilateral pneumonia and 19 patients (63.33%) showed bilateral pneumonia,4 patients (13.33%) showed bilateral multiple mottling and ground-glass opacity.Compared with the patients infected in the protected period, the proportion of severe infection and bilateral pneumonia were both increased in the patients infected in unprotected period. Conclusion: Medical staffs are at higher risk of infection.Infection rates are associated with contact time, the amount of suction virus. Severe patients had BMI increased, heating time prolonged , white blood cell count, lymphocyte count, D-dimer and albumin level significantly changed and were prone to be complicated with liver damage and myocardial damage.Strict protection measures is important to prevent infection for medical workers.

8.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 43(0): E003, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023686

RESUMO

In December 2019, the outbreak of novel coronavirus (2019- nCoV) in wuhan, China, attracting attention worldwidely. The novel coronavirus has the characteristics of rapid transmission, atypical clinical symptoms, and easy to affect both lungs, leading to missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis, as well as difficult to detection and assessment at early stage. Fever, cough, myalgia, weakness, dyspnea and imagings may be helpful for the early detection of novel coronavirus pneumonia. At the same time, the rate of disease progression, fever, CT manifestations, hypoxia degree, age, basic diseases, and laboratory indicators can also be used to evaluate the severity of the novel coronavirus pneumonia.

9.
Poult Sci ; 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535137

RESUMO

This study investigated the effects of indoor stocking density on performance, egg quality, and welfare status of a native chicken, Beijing You Chicken (BYC), during 22 to 38 wk. A total of 1,040 19-wk-old BYC pullets were randomly allocated to 4 groups (2 replicates each) and reared in 8 individual floor pens with separate covered shed and uncovered outdoor areas. The indoor stocking densities were 5, 6, 7, and 8 hens/m2, and the birds were fed corn-soybean based diets. The performance was calculated for 22 to 30, 30 to 38, and 22 to 38 wk, and egg quality indices were measured at the end of weeks 26, 29, and 36. The feather cover and gait score of the birds were assessed at the end of weeks 29 and 36. The results showed that average feed intake (AFI) and mortality rate of BYC in the 8 hens/m2 group were higher than other groups during 22 to 30 wk (P = 0.001 and P = 0.005); the egg mass and egg-laying rate were higher in groups with lower stocking density, in contrast to the feed egg ratio during 30 to 38 wk. The AFI, mortality rate, and 38-wk body weight were affected by stocking density during 22 to 38 wk (P < 0.05). Most of egg quality indices were not changed by stocking density (P > 0.05), except for individual indicators, such as Haugh unit at week 26 (P = 0.012) and egg grade at week 29 (P = 0.026). The feather cover and gait scores of birds were affected by indoor stocking density at 36 wk of age, with the 8 hens/m2 group having lower scores than the 5, 6, and 7 hens/m2 groups (P = 0.042 and P = 0.039), whereas the 7 hens/m2 groups having no difference with the 5 and 6 hens/m2 groups (P > 0.05). Overall, the results suggested that the performance and egg quality of BYC were not significantly affected by equal to or less than 7 hens/m2 under this system (P > 0.05), but 8 hens/m2 had an adverse effect on the performance and welfare status of the native chicken during 22 to 38 wk.

11.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(12): 5101-5112, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31298363

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Ovarian cancer ranks 5th leading cause of cancer-related death in females worldwide. Physcion 8-O-ß-glucopyranoside (PG) is an anthraquinone compound isolated from Rumex japonicus Houtt. This study aimed at investigating the effect of PG on ovarian cancer cells. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cell viability was detected by CCK-8 assay. Colony formation assay evaluated whether PG could affect anchorage-independent growth. Whether PG affected cell cycle progression was examined by flow cytometry. The morphological changes caused by PG were visualized by microscopy. Apoptosis was quantitatively analyzed by flow cytometry. The effect of PG on cell migration and invasion was assessed by wound healing and transwell, respectively. The effect of PG on the expression of molecular markers was determined by Western blot. Microarray assay was performed to identify the potential target of PG. RESULTS: Results from the present study showed that PG decreased ovarian cancer cells viability. Colony formation assay also showed that PG suppressed the anchorage-independent growth of SKOV3 and OVCAR-3 cells. PG triggered cell cycle arrest at G1/G0 phase. The pro-apoptotic activity of PG was confirmed by flow cytometry, activation of caspase-3 and PARP, upregulation of Bax and downregulation of Bcl-2. The ability of PG to inhibit migration and invasion was evidenced by a decrease in wound healing and invasive cell number, as well as downregulation of MMP-2 and upregulation of TIMP-3. Microarray and qRT-PCR showed that miR-25 expression was downregulated by PG treatment. Moreover, our results indicated that the anti-cancer activities of PG were augmented by miR-25 knockdown and attenuated by ectopic miR-25 expression. CONCLUSIONS: PG exhibited anti-cancer activity in ovarian cancer by downregulating miR-25.

12.
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 33(3): 251-254;258, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30813696

RESUMO

Objective:To study the influence of the ear canal and middle ear cavity on air conduction and bone conduction. Method:A finite element model of the human middle ear was established. By establishing the external ear canal and the middle ear cavity, we evaluated the effects of the external canal and the middle ear cavity on air conduction and bone conduction. Result:In air conduction, the external canal improved the stapes response at the frequency range of 0.5 kHz to 6 kHz, and the maximum increase was 11 dB at 3 kHz. The middle ear cavity mainly reduced the response of stapes at mid-low frequency, with the drops of 2-4 dB under 2 kHz; in bone conduction, ear canal slightly reduced the low-frequency response, but increased the response of the stapes at the mid-high frequency, with a maximum increase of 1.9 dB at 1.5 kHz. The middle ear cavity mainly increased the stapes response at mid-frequency near 1.5 kHz, with a maximum increase of 2.5 dB. Conclusion:Our results show that, in air conduction, the ear canal significantly increases the middle-frequency response, while the middle ear cavity decreases the low-mid frequency response. Whereas, the ear canal and the middle ear cavity have slightly effect on bone conduction.


Assuntos
Condução Óssea , Meato Acústico Externo , Orelha Média , Meato Acústico Externo/fisiologia , Orelha Média/fisiologia , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Audição , Humanos
13.
Animal ; 13(10): 2319-2326, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30829184

RESUMO

Music or other background sounds are often played in barns as environmental enrichment for animals on farms or to mask sudden disruptive noises. Previous studies looking at the effects of this practice on non-human animal well-being and productivity have found contradictory results. However, there is still a lack of discussion on whether piglets have the ability to distinguish different types of music. In this study, we exposed piglets to different music conditions to investigate whether the piglets preferred certain music types, in which case those types would have the potential to be used as environmental enrichment. In total, 30 piglets were tested for music type preference to determine whether growing pigs respond differently to different types of music. We used music from two families of instruments (S: string, W: wind) and with two tempos (S: slow, 65 beats/min (bpm); F: fast, 200 bpm), providing four music-type combinations (SS: string-slow; SF: string-fast; WS: wind-slow; WF: wind-fast). The piglets were given a choice between two chambers, one with no music and the other with one of the four types of music, and their behaviour was observed. The results showed that SS and WF music significantly increased residence time (P<0.01) compared with the other music conditions. Compared with the control group (with no music), the different music conditions led to different behavioural responses, where SS music significantly increased lying (P<0.01) and exploration behaviour (P<0.01); SF music significantly increased tail-wagging behaviour (P<0.01); WS music significantly increased exploration (P<0.01); and WF music significantly increased walking, lying, standing and exploration (all P<0.01). The results also showed that musical instruments and tempo had little effect on most of the behaviours. Fast-tempo music significantly increased walking (P=0.02), standing (P<0.01) and tail wagging (P=0.04) compared with slow-tempo music. In conclusion, the results of this experiment show that piglets are more sensitive to tempo than to musical instruments in their response to musical stimulation and seem to prefer SS and WF music to the other two types. The results also suggest a need for further research on the effect of music types on animals.


Assuntos
Comportamento Animal , Música , Suínos/fisiologia , Animais , Humanos , Masculino , Suínos/crescimento & desenvolvimento
14.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 48(2): 127-131, 2019 Feb 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30695865

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the clinicopathologic features of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma associated with human papilloma virus (OPSCC-HPV) and discuss the role and value of different in situ hybridization (ISH) detection methods for HPV in pathologic diagnosis. Methods: Fifteen cases of OPSCC-HPV were collected from Department of Pathology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2016 to August 2018. These cases were diagnosed in accordance with the WHO classification of head and neck tumors. The histopathologic features and the clinicopathologic data were retrospectively analyzed. Immunohistochemistry (two-step EnVision method) was done to evaluate the expression of p16, Ki-67 and p53. ISH was used to detect HPV DNA (6/11 and 16/18). RNAscope technology was used to evaluate the presence of HPV mRNAs (16 and 18). Results: The mean age for the 15 patients (8 males, 7 females) was 47 years (range from 30 to 69 years). OPSCC-HPV typically presentedat an advanced clinical stage, six patients had cervical lymphadenopathy (large and cystic), seven had tonsillar swelling, one had tumor at base of tongue, and one had odynophagia. Microscopically the tumors exhibited distinctive non-keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma morphology. Cervical nodal metastases were large and cystic, with thickening of lymph node capsules. OPSCC-HPV raised from crypt epithelium and extended beneath the tonsillar surface epithelial lining as nests and lobules, often with central necrosis. Tumor cells displayed a high N: C ratio, and high mitotic and apoptotic rates. Tumor nests are often embedded within lymphoid stroma, and may be infiltrated by lymphoid cells.Fifteen cases (15/15) were strongly positive for p16; Ki-67 index were 60%-90%; they were focally positive or negative for p53. Ten cases (10/10) were negative for HPV 6/11 DNA, and one case(1/10) was focally positive for HPV16/18 DNA. Eleven cases (11/11) were strongly positive for HPV16 mRNA, one case was focally positive for HPV18 mRNA. Conclusions: OPSCC-HPV is a pathologically and clinically distinct form of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. OPSCC-HPV is associated with high-risk HPV (type 16) in all cases. Detection of high-risk HPV16 mRNA by RNAscope is of great significance in the final diagnosis and pathogen identification.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/virologia , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 18/genética , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/patologia , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/virologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/química , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/análise , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/química , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/virologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Antígeno Ki-67/análise , Linfonodos/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pescoço , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , RNA Mensageiro/análise , RNA Viral/análise , Estudos Retrospectivos , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/análise
15.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 39(11): 1477-1481, 2018 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30462957

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the seasonal distribution of patient hospitalization due to asthma exacerbation in 7 geographic areas in China. Methods: This was a retrospective study which involved patients hospitalized for asthma exacerbation in 29 hospitals throughout 7 geographic areas in the mainland of China (northeast, north, central, east, south, northwest and southwest). The numbers of asthmatic patients and total inpatients of the respiratory department of each hospital were recorded. The monthly ratio of asthmatic patients to the total inpatients in every area was calculated and compared. Results: During the study period, 6 480 patients were admitted for asthma exacerbation, accounting for 3.14% of all the 206 135 patients admitted to the respiratory departments in the 29 hospitals. The ratio of asthmatic patients to total inpatients in the northeast area (5.61%) was highest, and the ratio in east area was lowest (1.97%). Statistical analysis showed that the difference among different areas was significant (P<0.000 1). In most areas, both the number and proportion of hospitalized asthmatic patients peaked in spring (February-April) and autumn (September-October). In the northeast area, east area and south area, the peaks in spring were more obvious, while in the north area and southwest area, the peaks in autumn were more obvious. In the northwest area the peaks occurred in winter (December-January) and summer (June-August), respectively. The differences in hospitalization due to asthma among different months were significant in the northeast, north, and southwest areas (P<0.005). Conclusion: The number of patients hospitalized for asthma exacerbation fluctuated with season in different areas in China. In most areas, more asthmatic patients were admitted to hospitals in spring and autumn.


Assuntos
Asma , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Estações do Ano , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 47(9): 682-686, 2018 Sep 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30220121

RESUMO

Objective: To study the significance of HPV and cell cycle related proteins in basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC) of the larynx. Methods: Twenty-nine cases of laryngeal BSCC from Beijing Tongren Hospital from January 2005 to December 2011 were reviewed. HPV typing by polymerase chain reaction-reverse dot blot (PCR-RDB) and p53, Ki-67, p16, p21 and cyclin D1 expression by immunohistochemistry were performed. The relationship between these indicators, various pathologic parameters (TNM, tumor size, tumor site and lymph node metastasis) and HPV status was analyzed. Results: There were 27 male and 2 female patients. The median age was 62 years. Lymph node metastasis and supraglottic tumor location were slightly higher than that of "usual" SCC, but not statistically significant (P>0.05). HPV DNA was detected in 27.6% (8/29) of the laryngeal BSCC, and all were HPV16. The expression of HPV was not related to age, alcohol consumption, tumor stage and tumor size. p53 was expressed in 31.0%(9/29) of laryngeal BSCC, and these cases were more likely supraglottic and had lymph node metastases (P<0.05). p16 staining was seen in 24.1% (7/29) of laryngeal BSCC, and these cases showed slightly higher rate of lymph node metastasis compared to p16 negative cases. The expression rates of p21 and cyclinD1 were 27.6% (8/29) and 69.0%(20/29), respectively, which were not related to age, tumor size, stage, lymph node metastasis, smoking and drinking. There were only 3 p16+ /HPV+ cases, which showed higher p21 and Ki-67 index compared to the HPV negative group (P<0.05). Conclusion: Some laryngeal BSCC expresses HPV DNA, possibly indicating an association with HPV; but p16 expression is not a reliable indicator for HPV infection.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/virologia , DNA Viral/análise , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Neoplasias Laríngeas/virologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/química , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Ciclina D1/análise , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/análise , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Antígeno Ki-67/análise , Neoplasias Laríngeas/química , Neoplasias Laríngeas/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/análise
17.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 98(34): 2760-2763, 2018 Sep 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30220175

RESUMO

Objective: To study the mortality and death-related risk factors of patients hospitalized for asthma exacerbation in Chinese urban areas. Methods: A retrospective study was carried out in 29 hospitals of 29 provinces throughout mainland China. Patients hospitalized for asthma exacerbation during 2013-2014 in each hospital were included. For each patient, information about demography, admission time, comorbidities, severity of diseases, intense care unit (ICU) admission, use of mechanical ventilation and the outcome was obtained. The mortality of patients hospitalized for asthma exacerbation was calculated, and the basic information and causes of death of the patients who died were summarized. The death-related risk factors and numbers of comorbidities were compared between the patients who survived and those who died during hospitalization. Results: A total of 3 240 patients (median age 57.0) were included and among them 8 patients (median age 68.5) died. The mortality of patients hospitalized for asthma exacerbation was 0.25%. All the patients who died were admitted during the winter and spring. One patient died of acute myocardial infarction, one of cardiac shock, one of tension pneumothorax, one of sudden death, one of respiratory failure and three of unknown causes. The average number of comorbidities of patients who died was 1.10, larger than that of patients who survived (0.83) (P>0.05). More patients had diabetes, coronary artery diseases and hypertension as comorbidities in the patients who died (2/8) than those who survived[7.6% (246/3 232), 7.6% (246/3 232), 22.6% (731/3 232), respectively](all P>0.05). Conclusions: The in-hospital mortality of patients hospitalized for asthma exacerbation of China in this study is low. The patients who died are much older, and with more comorbidities, and a higher percentage of comorbidities such as diabetes, coronary artery diseases, and hypertension.


Assuntos
Asma , Idoso , China , Hospitalização , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
18.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 47(8): 653-655, 2018 Aug 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30107680
20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29996386
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