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1.
Cancer Res ; 2022 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35031573

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BC) is the most common malignancy in women worldwide. However, the mechanisms underlying BC energy metabolism and progression remain obscure. Cancer cells rapidly adapt to microenvironments with fluctuating nutrient levels. Here, we characterized a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), HOXC-AS3, which is activated upon glucose deprivation to trigger a nutrient-stress response and a switch in glucose metabolism. Upregulation of HOXC-AS3 in BC was identified by in published microarray and RNA-seq datasets, then confirmed by RT-qPCR in fresh BC tissues. Glucose deprivation induced HOXC-AS3 overexpression in a dose- and time-dependent manner in BC cells. Gain- and loss-of-function experiments in vitro and in vivo showed that HOXC-AS3 triggers energy metabolism reprogramming. ChIRP-mass spectrometry and UMI RIP-seq identified binding motifs of HOXC-AS3 with SIRT6. HOXC-AS3 selectively antagonized SIRT6-mediated H3K9ac deacetylation of glycolysis-related genes. Moreover, HOXC-AS3 binding to SIRT6 prevented contact inhibition of HIF1α, leading to reprogramming of metabolic pathways. Additionally, HOXC-AS3, SP1, and miR-1224-5p formed a positive feedback loop to maintain cancer-promoting signals. Furthermore, administration of anti-HOXC-AS3-motif-RNAs effectively blocked the function of HOXC-AS3, ultimately suppressing BC progression. These results reveal a critical role for HOXC-AS3 in regulating the metabolic reprogramming of BC cells under metabolic stress. Use of an anti-HOXC-AS3-motif RNA mixture may be a promising strategy to suppress BC progression.

2.
Food Chem ; 371: 131124, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34563972

RESUMO

Takifugu obscurus (T. obscurus) is known for its umami taste. Two taste-active peptides, Pro-Val-Ala-Arg-Met-Cys-Arg (PR-7) and Tyr-Gly-Gly-Thr-Pro-Pro-Phe-Val (YV-8), were proved as key compounds that contributed to the typical taste of T. obscurus. However, whether these peptides have the potential as umami supplements is unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the taste characteristics of PR-7 and YV-8, as well as stability at different pH values by sensory evaluation, instrumental analysis and quantum chemical calculation. The results indicated that PR-7 and YV-8 presented umami taste at near neutral pH (6.5-8.0) and had umami-enhancing effects. PR-7 also exhibited significant kokumi activity. Additionally, two peptides showed remarkable stability after different pH treatments, especially YV-8; this may be related to its stable structural property. All the results suggest that both peptides have great potential to be applied in complex foods to provide desirable taste, and act as a feasible alternative to monosodium l-glutamate.


Assuntos
Takifugu , Paladar , Animais , Peptídeos , Glutamato de Sódio
3.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 200(1): 31-48, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33635516

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is currently one of the most frequent malignant neoplasms, ranking 3rd in incidence and 2nd in mortality both in the USA and across the world. The pathogenesis of CRC is a complex interaction between genetic susceptibility and environmental factors such as exposure to metals. Therefore, the present study was intended to assess the imbalances in the concentrations of selected essential/toxic elements (Pb, Cr, Fe, Zn, As, Cd, Cu, Se, Ni, and Hg) in the serum of newly diagnosed colorectal carcinoma patients (n = 165) in comparison with counterpart controls (n = 151) by atomic absorption spectrometry after wet-acid digestion method. Serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) of the CRC patients was determined using immunoradiometric method. Body mass index (BMI) which is an established risk factor for CRC was also calculated for patients and healthy controls. Conversely, average Ni (2.721 µg/g), Cd (0.563 µg/g), As (0.539 µg/g), and Pb (1.273 µg/g) levels were significantly elevated in the serum of CRC patients compared to the healthy donors, while the average Se (7.052 µg/g), Fe (15.67 µg/g), Cu (2.033 µg/g), and Zn (8.059 µg/g) concentrations were elevated in controls. The correlation coefficients between the elements in the cancerous patients demonstrated significantly dissimilar communal relationships compared with the healthy subjects. Significant differences in the elemental levels were also showed for CRC types (primary colorectal lymphoma, gastrointestinal stromal tumor, and adenocarcinoma) and CRC stages (stage-I, stage-II, stage-III, and stage-IV) among the patients. Majority of the elements demonstrated perceptible disparities in their levels based on dietary, habitat, gender, and smoking habits of the malignant patients and healthy subjects. Multivariate methods revealed noticeably divergent apportionment among the toxic/essential elements in the cancerous patients than the healthy counterparts. Overall, the study showed significantly divergent distribution and associations of the essential and toxic elemental levels in the serum of the CRC patients in comparison with the healthy donors.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Oligoelementos , Humanos , Metais , Fumar , Espectrofotometria Atômica , Oligoelementos/análise
4.
Steroids ; 177: 108949, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34896125

RESUMO

The species of Paris genus is a prolific source of structurally diverse steroidal saponins responsible for multivarious biological properties. The first phytochemical investigation on the steroidal saponin constituents from the rhizomes of Paris vaniotii Lévl. led to the discovery and structural characterization of four new spirostanol saponins, named parisvaniosides A-D (1-4), and one new furostanol glycoside, named parisvanioside E (5), along with eleven known analogues (6-16). Their structures were unambiguously established on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis and comparison with the reported spectroscopic data. Compound 1 is a rare spirostanol saponin sharing with a C-9/C-11 double bond and a peroxy group located between C-5 and C-8 of the aglycone, whereas 3 and 4 are unusual C-27 steroidal sapoins with hydroxyl/methoxyl at both C-5 and C-6. Furthermore, 5 is the first furostanol saponin with a unique aglycone featuring two trisubstituted double bonds in ring B. All isolated saponins were evaluated for their anti-inflammatory effects on a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated nitric oxide (NO) production model in RAW 264.7 macrophages.

5.
Cancer Lett ; 524: 82-90, 2022 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626692

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in cancer development and progression; however, their contributions to gastric cancer metastasis remain largely unknown. By lncRNA microarray screening, our study showed that 453 lncRNAs are dysregulated in gastric cancer tissues with or without lymph node metastasis, of which lnc-LEMGC ranks as one of the most significantly downregulated lncRNAs. Lnc-LEMGC inhibited cell migration and invasion both in vitro and in vivo, by combining with protein DNA-PKcs. Importantly, nucleotides 1300-1800 of lnc-LEMGC prevented DNA-PKcs phosphorylation of serine 2056 and partially abrogated the effects of downstream effectors, ErbB1, SRC and protein tyrosine kinase 2 (FAK), in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway. The results of this study extend our knowledge of lncRNA's molecular mechanisms, in which lnc-LEMGC functions by directly suppressing the phosphorylation of its combined protein DNA-PKcs and inactivating the DNA-PKcs downstream EGFR signaling.


Assuntos
Receptores ErbB/genética , Quinase 1 de Adesão Focal/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Quinases da Família src/genética , Idoso , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Metástase Linfática/genética , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
6.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(32): 9948-9953, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34877335

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatic hemolymphangioma is an extremely rare benign congenital malformation composed of cystically dilated lymphatic and blood vessels, and they have nonspecific clinical symptoms and laboratory results. In this study, hepatic hemolymphangioma with multiple hemangiomas in an elderly woman was initially reported and analyzed. CASE SUMMARY: A 61-year-old female patient, with a history of hysterectomy and bilateral adnexectomy, was referred to the hepatobiliary surgery department with the complaint of multiple hepatic hemangiomas that had been diagnosed 2 years prior in a preoperative contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) examination. Upon entering our hospital, no abnormal physical examination and laboratory data were found. The latest CECT revealed a new 7.0 cm × 6.2 cm cystic-solid lesion with multiple internal divisions in segment II of the liver, with delayed CECT enhancement characteristics that presented as solid parts with internal division. On the positron emission tomography (PET)/CT, no significant uptake of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucse was observed. Finally, hepatic hemolymphangioma was confirmed based on the pathological and immunohistochemical results after surgery. At 1-year follow-up, her posthepatectomy evaluation was uneventful, and she had recovered full activity. In addition, no postoperative recurrent or residual lesion was found on CECT imaging. CONCLUSION: Hepatic hemolymphangioma with multiple hemangiomas was reported and observed by CECT and PET/CT imaging.

7.
World J Diabetes ; 12(11): 1894-1907, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34888014

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with a heightened level of oxidative stress, which is characterized by the overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) from mitochondria. Previous studies showed that mitochondrial dysfunction is regulated by dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) and p66Shc in GDM. AIM: The aim was to investigate the expression of Drp1 and p66Shc and their possible mechanisms in the pathogenesis of GDM. METHODS: A total of 30 pregnant women, 15 with GDM and 15 without GDM, were enrolled. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells and placental tissue were collected. The human JEG3 trophoblast cell line was cultivated in 5.5 mmol/L or 30 mmol/L glucose and transfected with wild-type (wt)-p66Shc and p66Shc siRNA. P66Shc and Drp1 mRNA levels were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. The expression of p66Shc and Drp1 was assayed by immunohistochemistry and western blotting. ROS was assayed by dihydroethidium staining. RESULTS: The p66Shc mRNA level was increased in the serum (P < 0.01) and placentas (P < 0.01) of women with GDM, and the expression of Drp1 mRNA and protein were also increased in placentas (P < 0.05). In JEG3 cells treated with 30 mmol/L glucose, the mRNA and protein expression of p66Shc and Drp1 were increased at 24 h (both P < 0.05), 48 h (both P < 0.01) and 72 h (both P < 0.001). ROS expression was also increased. High levels of Drp1 and ROS expression were detected in JEG3 cells transfected with wt-p66Shc (P < 0.01), and low levels were detected in JEG3 cells transfected with p66Shc siRNA (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The upregulated expression of Drp1 and p66shc may contribute to the occurrence and development of GDM. Regulation of the mitochondrial fusion-fission balance could be a novel strategy for GDM treatment.

8.
Acta Radiol ; : 2841851211056471, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34851138

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis and related factors of central nervous system abnormality in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have always been the focus of clinical research. PURPOSE: To compare and analyze the area of white matter (WM) damage in patients with T2DM based on their level of hemoglobin A1C (HBA1c) and discuss any related factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Based on their levels of HBA1c, 87 patients with T2DM were divided into three groups (Group B, C, or D), of which 29 non-diabetic volunteers served as the control group (Group A). DTI data analysis was based on tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS). The obtained parameters were compared among each group and the relevant clinical factors were analyzed. RESULTS: For age, sex, mini-mental state examination (MMSE), and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scores, there were no statistically significant differences among groups. For fractional anisotropy (FA) and radial diffusivity (RD) of WM, there were statistically significant differences (P < 0.05, two-tailed, FWE corrected) in the local area of corpus callosum, corona radiate, superior longitudinal fasciculus, etc. Most of these were significantly correlated with body mass index (BMI), left systolic blood pressure (SBP_L), and ß2 microglobulin. CONCLUSION: Before the cognitive function was obviously impaired, abnormalities of FA and RD had been found in the corpus callosum, corona radiate, and upper fasciculus in patients with T2DM, which suggested that the damage mainly occurred in the myelin sheath of WM and may be related to systemic vascular damage.

9.
Front Oncol ; 11: 758917, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34868972

RESUMO

Background: This study aimed to characterize the bacterial microbiota in the oral cavity (OC), throat, trachea, and distal alveoli of patients with primary malignant tracheal tumors (PMTT), including squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and salivary gland carcinoma patients (SGC), for comparison with a matched non-malignant tracheal tumor (NMTT) group. Methods: Patients with pathological diagnosis of PMTT and NMTT were included in this study. Saliva, throat swab (TS), trachea protected specimen brush (PSB), and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) samples were collected for 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The composition, diversity, and distribution of the microbiota were compared among biogeographic sampling sites and patient groups. The relationship between the genera-level taxon abundance and tracheal tumor types was also investigated to screen for candidate biomarkers. Findings: The most represented phyla in the four sites were Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, and Fusobacteria. In SCC patients, the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes gradually decreased with increasing depth into the respiratory tract, while the relative abundance of Proteobacteria gradually increased. Bacterial communities at the four biogeographic sites formed two distinct clusters, with OC and TS samples comprising one cluster and PSB and BALF samples comprising the other group. Principal coordinate analysis showed that trachea microbiota in SCC patients were distinct from that of SGC or NMTT patients. In the trachea, AUCs generated by Prevotella and Alloprevotella showed that the abundance of these genera could distinguish SCC patients from both NMTT and SGC patients. Interpretation: The structure of respiratory tract microbiota in PMTT patients is related to tumor type. Certain bacteria could potentially serve as markers of SCC, although verification with large-sample studies is necessary.

10.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 2231680, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34873428

RESUMO

Radiation-induced oral mucositis is a major adverse event of radiotherapy. Severe oral mucositis may cause unwanted interruption in radiotherapy and reduce long-term survival in cancer patients receiving radiotherapy, but until now, there have been no effective options for preventing radiation-induced oral mucositis. Quercetin is a flavonoid that is widely found in food species and has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anticancer activities. In this study, we investigated a new role of quercetin in preventing radiation-induced oral mucositis. Quercetin exerted preventive effects against radiation-induced oral mucositis induced by single-dose (25 Gy) ionizing radiation or fractionated ionizing radiation (8 Gy × 3) in C57BL/6 mice and maintained the proliferation ability of basal epithelial cells. Quercetin pretreatment alleviated reactive oxygen species generation, NF-κB pathway activation, and downstream proinflammatory cytokine production and reduced DNA double-strand breaks and cellular senescence induced by ionizing radiation. Quercetin also upregulated BMI-1 expression in oral epithelial cells and promoted ulcer repair. In addition, quercetin exerted similar radioprotective effects in irradiated primary cultured normal human keratinocytes, reduced reactive oxygen species generation and proinflammatory cytokine release, and promoted DNA double-strand break repair and wound healing by upregulating the expression of BMI-1, which is a polycomb group protein. Thus, quercetin can block multiple pathological processes of radiation-induced oral mucositis by targeting BMI-1 and may be a potential treatment option for preventing radiation-induced oral mucositis.

11.
Inorg Chem ; 2021 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34875834

RESUMO

Graphdiyne (GD), a new type of carbon allotrope formed by sp and sp2 hybrid carbon atoms, has attracted wide attention due to its high π-conjugation degree, special band structure, and uniformly distributed pores. In traditional synthesis methods, hexaethylbenzene was coupled on the substrate catalytic material (copper foil or foamed copper) to generate graphdiyne. In this work, CuI was used as the substrate catalytic material, and the CuI-GD composite was synthesized by cross-coupling in the pyridine solution of hexaethylbenzene. For the first time, Co3(PO4)2 was modified by the CuI-GD composite material to prepare a Co3(PO4)2/CuI-GD S-scheme heterojunction catalyst, which avoided the complicated process of removing the substrate catalytic material. Under the action of the internal electric field, electrons are induced to move quickly and directionally, and the powerful photogenerated electrons in the conduction band (CB) of GD and the holes in the valence band (VB) of CuI are retained to participate in the photocatalytic reaction. These advantages were combined with the high-energy acetylene bond in GD, which accelerated the catalytic reaction of the Co3(PO4)2/CuI-GD heterostructure. Electrochemical and fluorescence analysis showed that Co3(PO4)2/CuI-GD has faster electron and hole separation efficiency, lower hydrogen evolution overpotential, and higher carrier utilization. Therefore, Co3(PO4)2/CuI-GD exhibited good hydrogen evolution activity. This work shows that GD has broad prospects in designing high-performance photocatalyst systems.

12.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 73(6): 926-930, 2021 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34961867

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to establish a simple and efficient method for isolation and culture of primary rat glomerular microvascular endothelial cells in vitro. The bilateral kidneys were taken from 7-10-day old Sprague-Dawley rats, and the renal cortex was separated. Glomeruli were obtained by cutting and continuously passing 200-mesh and 300-mesh sieves. After type IV collagenase digestion for 15-20 min, renal microvascular globules were collected for inoculation and culture. The cultured cells were identified by cell morphology observation and immunocytochemical staining with factor VIII related antigen. The results showed that the renal microvascular globules were irregularly spherical, without cysts, and the capillary loop structure was clear; after 3 days of primary culture, short spindle-shaped cells crawled out around the renal microvascular globules and gradually formed cell colonies, showing an "island-like shape" distribution; 4-5 days later, the cell colonies fused with each other; 6 days later, the cells covered the bottom of the dish, showing a typical monolayer, paving stone-like, mosaic arrangement. The immunocytochemical staining of factor VIII related antigen showed that the cytoplasm was lightly stained brownish red, and factor VIII related antigen-positive rate of cells was nearly 100%. The above results suggested that this study successfully established a method combining continuous screening and collagenase digestion for culture of primary rat glomerular microvascular endothelial cells in vitro. It provides an important tool cell for studying the mechanism of the occurrence and development of diabetic nephropathy.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
13.
Cells ; 10(12)2021 12 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34943934

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Overexposure to glucocorticoid (GC) produces various clinical complications, including osteoporosis (OP), dyslipidemia, and hypercholesterolemia. Geniposide (GEN) is a natural iridoid compound isolated from Eucommia ulmoides. Our previous study found that GEN could alleviate dexamethasone (DEX)-induced differentiation inhibition of MC3T3-E1 cells. However, whether GEN protected against Dex-induced cholesterol accumulation in osteoblasts was still unclear. METHODS: DEX was used to induce rat OP. Micro-CT data was obtained. The ALP activity and mineralization were determined by the staining assays, and the total intracellular cholesterol was determined by the ELISA kits. The protein expression was detected by western blot. RESULTS: GEN ameliorated Dex-induced micro-structure damages and cell differentiation inhibition in the bone trabecula in rats. In MC3T3-E1 cells, Dex enhanced the total intracellular cholesterol, which reduced the activity of cell proliferation and differentiation. Effectively, GEN decreased DEX-induced cholesterol accumulation, enhanced cell differentiation, and upregulated the expression of the GLP-1R/ABCA1 axis. In addition, inhibition of ABAC1 expression reversed the actions of GEN. Treatment with Exendin9-39, a GLP-1R inhibitor, could abrogate the protective activity of GEN. CONCLUSIONS: GEN ameliorated Dex-induced accumulation of cholesterol and inhibition of cell differentiation by mediating the GLP-1R/ABCA1 axis in MC3T3-E1 cells.

14.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 749449, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34925230

RESUMO

The absence of leptin results in contrasting growth pattern of appendicular and axial bone growth in ob/ob mice. Endochondral bone formation is an important procedure of growth plate determining the bone growth, where this procedure is also regulated by estrogen and its receptor (ER) signaling pathway. The present study is undertaken to explore the roles of ERs in regulating the different growth patterns in ob/ob mice. In this study, C57BL/6 female mice were used as wild-type (WT) mice; ob/ob mice and WT mice were age-matched fed, and bone length is analyzed by X-ray plain film at the 12 weeks old. We confirm that ob/ob mice have shorter femoral length and longer spine length than WT mice (p < 0.05). The contrasting expression patterns of chondrocyte proliferation proteins and hypertrophic marker proteins are also observed from the femur and spinal growth plate of ob/ob mice compared with WT mice (p < 0.01). Spearman's analysis showed that body length (axial and appendicular length) is positively related to the expression level of ERα in growth plate. Three-week-old female ob/ob mice are randomized divided into three groups: 1) ob/ob + ctrl, 2) ob/ob + ERα antagonist (MPP), and 3) ob/ob + ERß antagonist (PHTPP). Age-matched C57BL/6 mice were also divided into three groups, same as the groups of ob/ob mice. MPP and PHTPP were administered by intraperitoneal injection for 6 weeks. However, the results of X-ray and H&E staining demonstrate that leptin deficiency seems to disturb the regulating effects of ER antagonists on longitudinal bone growth. These findings suggested that region-specific expression of ERα might be associated with contrasting phenotypes of axial and appendicular bone growth in ob/ob mice. However, ER signaling on longitudinal bone growth was blunted by leptin deficiency in ob/ob mice, and the underlying association between ERs and leptin needs to be explored in future work.

15.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 34(12): 1141-6, 2021 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34965632

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical outcomes and complications of hip arthroscopic treatment for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) performed with either Inside-out or Outside-in approach. METHODS: The clinical date of 48 patients with FAI treated by hip arthroscopy surgery and follow-up from June 2016 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the different operative methods, the patients were divided into two groups. Inside-out group, from central compartment to peripheral compartment;Outside-in group, from peripheral compartment to central compartment. There were 14 males and 10 females in Inside-out group with an averageage of (39.8±7.6)years old, 13 males and 11 females in Inside-out group with an average age of (39.5±9.1)years old in Outside-in group. There was no significant difference in age, gender, body mass index, side, impingement type, medical history and follow-up time between the two groups. The complication occurrence rate, modified Harris hip score (mHHS)and nonarthritic hip score (NAHS) were compared between these two groups. RESULTS: The mHHs and NAHS scores of the two groups were significantly higher than those before operation, but there was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). In the Inside-out group, there were 4 cases of nerve traction injury and 3 cases of iatrogenic injury, while only 1 case of nerve traction injury occurred in the Outside-in group. The incidence of complications in the inside out group was higher than that in the outside in group (16.7% vs 4.2%, χ2=5.400, P=0.020). CONCLUSION: Both hip arthroscopic surgery methods can obtain satisfactory clinical efficacy in the treatment of FAI, but the incidence of postoperative complications of Outside-in surgical method is lower. The out-side in method can be preferentially selected for the patients with the indications of operation.


Assuntos
Impacto Femoroacetabular , Adulto , Artroscopia , Feminino , Impacto Femoroacetabular/cirurgia , Seguimentos , Articulação do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Water Res ; 207: 117825, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763279

RESUMO

Still ∼10% of world's population has no sustainable access to centralized water supply system, causing millions of deaths annually by waterborne diseases. Here, we develop polypyrrole nanowire arrays (PPyNWs)-modified electrodes by polymerization of pyrrole on graphite felt for point-of-use water disinfection via low-voltage electroporation. A flow-through mode is specially applied to alleviate diffusion barrier of pyrrole in the porous graphite felt for uniform PPyNWs growth. The flow-through disinfection device using the optimized PPyNWs electrode achieves above 4-log removal for model virus (MS2) and gram-positive/negative bacteria (E. faecalis and E. coli) at applied voltage of 1.0 V and fluxes below 1000 and 2500 L/m2/h. Electroporation is recognized as the dominant disinfection mechanism by using square-wave alternating voltage of ±1.0 V to eliminate the electrochemical reactions. In-situ sampling experiments reveal that anode acts as the main disinfection function due to its electric field attraction with negatively charged E. coli cells. The live/dead baclight staining experiments indicate an adsorption-desorption process of E. coli cells on anode, and the adsorption-desorption balance determines the disinfection abilities of PPyNWs anode. Under 1.0 V and 2000 L/m2/h, the disinfection device enables above 4-log E. coli removal in tap water within 7-day operation with energy consumption below 20 mJ/L, suggesting its sound application potential for point-of-use water disinfection.

17.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 3259238, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721757

RESUMO

Acetaminophen (APAP) hepatotoxicity is the leading cause of acute liver failure in the western world. Oridonin (OD), which is the major active ingredient of the traditional Chinese medicine Rabdosia rubescens, reportedly exerts anti-inflammatory and antioxidative effects. Here, we first find that OD protects against APAP-induced hepatotoxicity. The results of hepatic tissue-associated RNA-seq and metabolomics showed that the protective effects of OD were dependent upon urea cycle regulation. And such regulation of OD is gut microbiota partly dependent, as demonstrated by fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT). Furthermore, using 16S rRNA sequencing, we determined that OD significantly enriched intestinal Bacteroides vulgatus, which activated the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathway to regulate redox homeostasis against APAP by urea cycle. In conclusion, our study suggests that the Bacteroides vulgatus-urea cycle-Nrf2 axis may be a potential target for reducing APAP-induced liver injury, which is altered by OD.

18.
ACS Omega ; 6(43): 28838-28847, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34746576

RESUMO

The effect of zinc on the kinetics of coke gasification was studied by a nonisothermal method. The results indicated that with the increase of zinc content, coke gasification tended to move to the low-temperature zone, it occurred earlier, and the reaction rate increased. The main curve fitting method was used to analyze the mechanism function of coke gasification before and after adding zinc. The modified shrinking core model was found to be the optimal mechanism function for coke gasification, with which the kinetic parameters obtained showed that the pre-exponential factor and apparent activation energy of coke gasification decreased significantly with the increase of zinc adsorption amount. Moreover, a kinetic compensation effect was found to exist in the effect of zinc on coke gasification. Combined with X-ray diffraction (XRD) and the peak fitting technique, it was found that the difference in the catalytic effect of zinc on coke gasification was attributed to the carbon structure.

19.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 756136, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803980

RESUMO

The type VI secretion system (T6SS) is a transmembrane protein nanomachine employed by many gram-negative bacteria to directly translocate effectors into adjacent cells or the extracellular milieu, showing multiple functions in both interbacterial competition and bacteria-host interactions. Metal ion transport is a newly discovered T6SS function. This review summarizes the identified T6SS functions and highlights the features of metal ion transport mediated by T6SS and discusses its regulation.

20.
Reprod Biol Endocrinol ; 19(1): 170, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814928

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine-related follicular developmental disorder that affects 50 %-70 % of reproductive-aged women diagnosed with ovulation-related infertility. Abnormal proliferation and apoptosis of granulosa cells (GCs) are thought to be the critical factors leading to abnormal maturation of follicles. It has been shown that microRNAs (miRNAs) exert a significant influence in the pathogenesis of PCOS; however, the relationship between miRNA, PCOS, and GC apoptosis is not entirely understood. METHODS: To clarify the effect of miR-194 in PCOS, CCK-8, Ki67 staining, AO/EB, and flow cytometry assays were used to assess cell growth, proliferation, and apoptosis in KGN cells, which were artificially stimulated to overexpress miR-194. Luciferase reporter assays and rescue experiments were used to elucidate the mechanism underlying miR-194 in PCOS. RESULTS: miR-194 expression was significantly up-regulated in rat models of PCOS and the ovarian GCs of PCOS patients. miR-194 suppression promoted KGN cell growth and proliferation. miR-194 overexpression also induced cell apoptosis, while miR-194 downregulation had an opposite effect. Furthermore, up-regulating heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) expression rescued the pro-apoptotic effects of miR-194 upregulation on KGN cells. CONCLUSIONS: miR-194 is increased in PCOS granulosa cell and may function as a novel biomarker and therapeutic target for KGN cells via HB-EGF regulation.

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