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1.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(9): 3370-3376, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34658224

RESUMO

We examined the distribution of melanin during the development of the larvae of Schizothorax o'connori except the eyes with histological method. The results showed that after hatching, the appearance sequence of melanin in different organs were following an order of the outer membrane of neurocranium, the pericardial cavity and the dorsal skin, and the peritoneum and the spinal cord. Specifically, melanin appeared in the outer membrane of neurocranium around 5 DAH (days after hatching), in the pericardial cavity and the back skin at 7 DAH, and in the peritoneum and the spinal cord at 10 DAH. Melanin was found in the skin and internal organs (the outer membrane of neurocranium, the pericardial cavity, the peritoneum, the spinal cord) of S. o'connori at 10 DAH, which was mainly distributed on the back. The appearance and distribution of melanin in the postembryonic development of S. o'connori might be related to the high ultraviolet radiation. Our results could provide reference for further research on the UV protection mechanism of melanin for fish and provide theoretical support for the optimization of rearing conditions for larvae in the plateau.


Assuntos
Cyprinidae , Melaninas , Animais , Larva , Raios Ultravioleta
2.
J Org Chem ; 86(19): 13446-13453, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34546730

RESUMO

Two C═C bond participation in annulation to pyridines using N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) as the N1 and C4 synthons has been carried out. In this reaction, DMF contributed one N atom and one C atom to two disconnected positions of pyridine ring, with no need for an additional nitrogen source. Two C═C bonds in two molecules of substituted styrenes offered four carbon atoms in the presence of iodine and persulfate. With the optimized conditions in hand, both symmetric and unsymmetric diaryl-substituted pyridines were obtained in useful yields. On the basis of relevant literature and a series of control experimental results, a possible mechanism was proposed in this work, which may demonstrate how DMF provides both N1 and C4 sources.

3.
Zool Res ; 42(4): 492-501, 2021 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34235898

RESUMO

Fish morphological phenotypes are important resources in artificial breeding, functional gene mapping, and population-based studies in aquaculture and ecology. Traditional morphological measurement of phenotypes is rather expensive in terms of time and labor. More importantly, manual measurement is highly dependent on operational experience, which can lead to subjective phenotyping results. Here, we developed 3DPhenoFish software to extract fish morphological phenotypes from three-dimensional (3D) point cloud data. Algorithms for background elimination, coordinate normalization, image segmentation, key point recognition, and phenotype extraction were developed and integrated into an intuitive user interface. Furthermore, 18 key points and traditional 2D morphological traits, along with 3D phenotypes, including area and volume, can be automatically obtained in a visualized manner. Intuitive fine-tuning of key points and customized definitions of phenotypes are also allowed in the software. Using 3DPhenoFish, we performed high-throughput phenotyping for four endemic Schizothoracinae species, including Schizopygopsis younghusbandi, Oxygymnocypris stewartii, Ptychobarbus dipogon, and Schizothorax oconnori. Results indicated that the morphological phenotypes from 3DPhenoFish exhibited high linear correlation (>0.94) with manual measurements and offered informative traits to discriminate samples of different species and even for different populations of the same species. In summary, we developed an efficient, accurate, and customizable tool, 3DPhenoFish, to extract morphological phenotypes from point cloud data, which should help overcome traditional challenges in manual measurements. 3DPhenoFish can be used for research on morphological phenotypes in fish, including functional gene mapping, artificial selection, and conservation studies. 3DPhenoFish is an open-source software and can be downloaded for free at https://github.com/lyh24k/3DPhenoFish/tree/master.


Assuntos
Peixes/anatomia & histologia , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Imageamento Tridimensional/veterinária , Software , Animais , Peixes/classificação , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Especificidade da Espécie
4.
Zool Res ; 42(4): 502-513, 2021 07 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34254744

RESUMO

Persistent uplift means the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP) is an ideal natural laboratory to investigate genome evolution and adaptation within highland environments. However, how paleogeographic and paleoclimatic events influence the genome and population of endemic fish species remains unclear. Glyptosternon maculatum is an ancient endemic fish found on the QTP and the only critically endangered species in the Sisoridae family. Here, we found that major transposons in the G. maculatum genome showed episodic bursts, consistent with contemporaneous geological and climatic events during the QTP formation. Notably, histone genes showed significant expansion in the G. maculatum genome, which may be mediated by long interspersed nuclear elements (LINE) repetitive element duplications. Population analysis showed that ancestral G. maculatum populations experienced two significant depressions 2.6 million years ago (Mya) and 10 000 years ago, exhibiting excellent synchronization with Quaternary glaciation and the Younger Dryas, respectively. Thus, we propose that paleogeography and paleoclimate were dominating driving forces for population dynamics in endemic fish on the QTP. Tectonic movements and temperature fluctuation likely destroyed the habitat and disrupted the drainage connectivity among populations. These factors may have caused severe bottlenecks and limited migration among ancestral G. maculatum populations, resulting in the low genetic diversity and endangered status of the species today.


Assuntos
Adaptação Fisiológica , Evolução Biológica , Ecossistema , Peixes/genética , Genoma , Animais , Clima , Tibet
5.
Phytomedicine ; 90: 153640, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34330066

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetic neuropathic pain (DNP), a complication of diabetes, has serious impacts on human health. As the pathogenesis of DNP is very complex, clinical treatments for DNP is limited. Koumine (KM) is an active ingredient extracted from Gelsemium elegans Benth. that exerts an inhibitory effect on neuropathic pain (NP) in several animal models. PURPOSE: To clarify the anti-NP effect of KM on rats with DNP and the molecular mechanisms involving the Notch- Jκ recombination signal binding protein (RBP-Jκ) signaling pathway. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were administered streptozocin (STZ) by intraperitoneal injection to induce DNP. The effect of KM on mechanical hyperalgesia in rats with DNP was evaluated using the Von Frey test. Microglial polarization in the spinal cord was examined using western blotting and quantitative real-time PCR. The Notch-RBP-Jκ signaling pathway was analysed using western blotting. RESULTS: KM attenuated DNP during the observation period. In addition, KM alleviated M1 microglial polarization in STZ-induced rats. Subsequent experiments revealed that Notch-RBP-Jκ signaling pathway was activated in the spinal cord of rats with DNP, and the activation of this pathways was decreased by KM. Additionally, KM-mediated analgesia and deactivation of the Notch-RBP-Jκ signaling pathway were inhibited by the Notch signaling agonist jagged 1, indicating that the anti-DNP effect of KM may be regulated by the Notch-RBP-Jκ signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: KM is a potentially desirable candidate treatment for DNP that may inhibit microglial M1 polarization through the Notch-RBP-Jκ signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Alcaloides Indólicos/farmacologia , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Neuralgia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Polaridade Celular , Proteína de Ligação a Sequências Sinal de Recombinação J de Imunoglobina/metabolismo , Masculino , Neuralgia/tratamento farmacológico , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores Notch/metabolismo
6.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 675997, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34220712

RESUMO

Objective: The primary objective of the study was to assess traditional Chinese formula DKP supplementation in terms of efficacy and safety on reproductive outcomes of expected poor ovarian responder (POR, POSEIDON Group 4) undergoing in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET). Design Setting and Participants: Women eligible for IVF-ET were invited to participate in this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, superiority trial at academic fertility centers of ten public hospitals in Chinese Mainland. A total of 462 patients (35-44 years) equally divided between DKP and placebo groups with antral follicle count (AFC) <5 or anti-müllerian hormone (AMH) <1.2 ng/ml were randomized. Interventions: All participants were given DKP or 7 g placebo twice daily on the previous menstrual cycle day 5 until oocyte retrieval, which took approximately 5 to 6 weeks. Main Outcome Measure: The primary outcome was the ongoing pregnancy defined as more than 20 gestational weeks of an intrauterine living fetus confirmed by pelvic ultrasonography. Results: Demographic characteristics were equally distributed between the study populations. Intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis revealed that ongoing pregnancy rate (OPR) was not significantly different between DKP and placebo groups [26.4% (61/231) versus 24.2% (56/231); relative risk (RR) 1.09, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.80 to 1.49, P = 0.593]. No significant differences between groups were observed for the secondary outcomes. The additional per protocol (PP) analysis was in line with ITT results: OPR in DKP group was 27.2% (61/224) versus 24.1% (55/228) in placebo group [RR 1.13, 95%CI (0.82 to 1.55), P = 0.449]. After subgroup analysis the findings concluded that POR population of 35-37 years had a significantly higher OPR after 5-6 weeks of oral DKP (41.8%, 33/79) versus placebo (25.4%, 18/71) [RR 1.65, 95% CI (1.02 to 2.65), P = 0.034, P for interaction = 0.028]. Conclusion: This well-designed randomized controlled trial (RCT) offers new high-quality evidence to supplement existing retrospective literature concerning DKP performance in expected PORs. DKP could be recommended as a safe and natural remedy for expected PORs (aged 35-37 years) who fulfill the POSEIDON group 4 criteria. However, additional interventional clinical studies are undoubtedly required to be conducted in the future to validate this hypothesis. Clinical Trial Registration: www.chictr.org.cn, identifier ChiCTR1900026614.

7.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(3): 452-457, 2021 05.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34018364

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the difference in the expression of Ras-associated protein 1 (Rap1) in necrotic and healthy areas of non-traumatic osteonecrosis of femoral head (NONFH) patients. Methods: Femoral head tissue samples from 30 cases of NONFH and 30 cases of traumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (TONFH) were collected after hip replacement surgery, respectively. No significant difference of Association Research Circulation Osseous (ARCO) staging was found between the NONFH and the TONFH groups ( Z=-0.769, P=0.442). In the NONFH group, 8 patients were ARCO stage IIIb, 10 were stage IV, and 12 were stage V, while in the TONFH ground, 11 patients were ARCO stage IIIb, 9 were stage IV, and 10 were stage V. There were 19 males and 11 females in the NONFH group, with an average age of 49.6 yr. (26-69 yr.), and 16 males and 14 females in the TONFH group, with an average age of 54.2 yr. (37-68 yr.). There was no significant difference in gender or age between the two groups ( P>0.05). Specimens were collected from different bone areas, including those from the necrotic areas (area A) and the healthy areas (area B) of the NONFH group, and those from the healthy areas (area B') of the TONFH group, i.e., the control group. Western blot and quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) were used to analyze the different expression of Rap1, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) protein, phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), and Akt protein and their corresponding mRNA in the three areas of bone tissue. HE staining and immunohistochemisty staining were done in order to observe the morphological changes of each area. Results: Western blot results indicated that there was no statistical difference in the relative expression of Rap1, VEGF, PI3K, and Akt proteins ( P>0.05). The relative expressions of Rap1, VEGF, PI3K, and Akt proteins in the area A were lower than those in the area B and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). qRT-PCR results showed that the relative expressions of Rap1, VEGF, PI3 K and Akt mRNA in area A were lower than those of area B, and a statistical difference was found ( P<0.05). The relative expression of the mRNA of Rap1, VEGF , PI3 K and Akt in area B and area B' were not significantly different ( P>0.05). HE staining and immunohistochemisty staining showed that chondrocytes decreased in the necrotic area (area A) of NONFH, chondrocytes nucleus disappeared, subchondral bone trabeculae were broken, bone trabeculae thickened, and empty bone lacunae appeared. Granulation tissues composed of new capillaries and fibrous cells have proliferated and crawled around the necrotic area. Positive expressions of the Rap1, VEGF, PI3K and Akt proteins in area A were weaker than those of the normal area. In addition, there were positive expressions of Rap1, PI3K and Akt on the trabecular bone of both area A and area B at similar intensity of expression. There were strong positive expressions of Rap1, VEGF, PI3K and Akt on the intima of arterioles and venules, and on the peripheral stromal cell membrane, but the positive expression in area A was significantly lower than that in area B. However, the positive expression positions and intensity of all indicators were similar in area B and area B'. Conclusion: The necrosis in NONFH may be related to vascular endothelial damages caused by the inhibition of the Rap1-PI3K/Akt signaling pathways and the subsequent decline in the protein expression.


Assuntos
Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur , Cabeça do Fêmur , Adulto , Idoso , Endotélio Vascular , Feminino , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Proteínas de Ligação a Telômeros , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(10): 2403-2412, 2021 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34047084

RESUMO

To investigate the potential molecular mechanism of the combination of Platycodonis Radix and Lilii Bulbus with the homology of medicine and food in the treatment of pneumonia by means of network pharmacology and in vitro verification experiment. Under the condition of bioavailability(OB)≥30% and drug-like(DL)≥0.18, the active components of Platycodonis Radix and Lilii Bulbus were screened in TCMSP database; the prediction targets of active components were searched from TCMSP, DrugBank and other databases, and the potential targets of pneumonia were obtained through GeneCards and OMIM database. The common targets were obtained by the intersection of drug and disease targets. The PPI network of common targets was constructed by STRING 11.0, and the core targets were obtained by topological analysis. Then the core targets received GO and KEGG analysis with use of WebGestalt and Metascape. The "component-target-pathway" network was constructed with the help of Cytoscape 3.7.1 software, and the component-target molecular docking verification was carried out with Discovery Studio 2016 software. Finally, the core targets and pathways were preliminarily verified in vitro. In this study, 12 active components were screened, 225 drug prediction targets and 420 potential diseases targets were obtained based on data mining method, and 14 core targets were obtained by topological analysis, including TNF, MMP9, AKT1, IL4 and IL2. The enrichment results of GO and KEGG showed that "Platycodonis Radix and Lilii Bulbus" drug pair may regulate inflammation, cell growth and metabolism by acting on 20 key signaling pathways such as TNF and IL-17, thereby exerting anti-pneumonia effects. The results of molecular docking showed that 12 active components had good binding ability with 14 core targets. In vitro experiment results showed that the core components of "Platycodonis Radix and Lilii Bulbus" drug pair could inhibit the expression of MMP9 and TNF-α by regulating TNF signal pathway. This study confirmed the scientificity and reliability of the prediction results of network pharmacology, and preliminarily revealed the potential molecular mechanism of the compatibility of Platycodonis Radix and Lilii Bulbus in the treatment of pneumonia. It provides a novel insight on systematically exploring the mechanism of the compatible use of Platycodonis Radix and Lilii Bulbus, and has a certain reference value for the research, development and application of new drugs.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Pneumonia , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Pneumonia/tratamento farmacológico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
9.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 11: 581719, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33071986

RESUMO

In the past decade, the number of frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) has increased dramatically with the expansion of surgical indications and the improvement of freezing related technologies. How to improve the success rate and reduce the adverse effects of FET is our research priorities. This study aimed to investigate the safety and effectiveness of Gushen'antai pills (GSATP) by measuring the ongoing pregnancy rate (OPR) in patients from FET and hormone therapy (HT) cycle. From November 2019 to May 2020, 5 Chinese hospitals conducted a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. In total, 271 HT FET cycles in patients were randomly divided (1:1 ratio) to receive GSATP (6 g, tid) or placebo (6g, tid) for 12 weeks of pregnancy. Patients, clinicians, and researchers were blinded to treatment allocation. The primary endpoint was the OPR at week 12 of pregnancy. The secondary endpoints were vaginal bleeding or brown discharge rate, implantation rate (IR), clinical pregnancy rate (CPR) and abortion rate (AR). Adverse events were recorded during the treatment period. The results showed that the OPR remained higher in the GSATP group when compared to placebo group (56.62% vs. 44.44%, p = 0.045). Vaginal bleeding or brown discharge rate was lower in the GSATP group than the placebo group (10% vs. 23.08%, p = 0.032), while the IR (35.16% vs. 27.64%, p = 0.070), CPR (58.82% vs. 48.15%, p = 0.078), incidence of total adverse events (8.09% vs. 3.22%, p = 0.051) and AR (3.75% vs. 7.69%, p = 0.504) were similar between GSATP and placebo groups. Subgroup analysis showed that there were significant differences in CPR (74.19% vs. 54.17%, p = 0.004) and OPR (72.04% vs. 51.04%, p = 0.003) between GSATP group and Placebo group when the patient was younger than 35 years old. This multi-center, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical study showed for the first evidence that GSATP may have potential to improve the OPR and decrease vaginal bleeding or brown discharge rate in HT FET cycle patients.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Transferência Embrionária/métodos , Nascido Vivo/epidemiologia , Medicamentos sem Prescrição/administração & dosagem , Indução da Ovulação/métodos , Progesterona/administração & dosagem , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Implantação do Embrião , Feminino , Congelamento , Humanos , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Progestinas/administração & dosagem , Adulto Jovem
10.
Cancer Cell Int ; 20: 354, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32760221

RESUMO

Background: Cervical cancer (CC) is one of the most common female malignancies over the world. Microtubule-associated protein 7 (MAP7) belongs to the family of microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) which involve in microtubule dynamics and are critical in several important cellular and intracellular activities. This study aimed to investigate the expression and potential role of MAP7 in CC. Methods: The expression level of MAP7 in CC tissues and normal tissues were analyzed using the data obtained from The cancer genomes atlas (TCGA) and genotype-tissue expression (GTEx) databases. The prognostic value of MAP7 in patients with CC was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier analysis, Univariate and Multivariate analyses. Moreover, the influences of MAP7 expression alteration on the viability and motility of Caski, HeLa and C-33A cells was measured by CCK8 assay, colony formation assay, scratch assay, and transwell migration and invasion assays. Flow cytometry was conducted to determine cell apoptosis. Western blot was performed to evaluate the impact of MAP7 on the expression of apoptotic-related proteins as well as mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway-related proteins. In vivo tumorigenicity assay was performed to explore the influence of MAP7 on tumor growth. Results: Up-regulation of MAP7 was observed in CC tissues and high MAP7 expression was positively correlated with worse prognosis. Multivariate analyses suggested that MAP7 expression can be served as an independent predictor for overall survival of patients with CC. Knockdown of MAP7 markedly suppressed Caski and HeLa cell viability, migration and invasion while notably induced cell apoptosis. Furthermore, depletion of MAP7 in Caski and HeLa cells elevated the expression levels of Active-caspase 3 and Bax, but declined the level of Bcl-2. Whilst, overexpression of MAP7 in C-33A cells presented the opposite outcomes. Additionally, knockdown of MAP7 significantly decreased the phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) in Caski and HeLa cells, and overexpression of MAP7 increased their phosphorylation in C-33A cells, indicating that MAP7 may regulate the MAPK signaling pathway in CC cells. In vivo assays revealed that knockdown of MAP7 remarkably repressed the growth of CC tumors. Conclusion: The results of the present study suggest that MAP7 functions as a promoter during the occurrence and progression of CC, and that MAP7 may serve as a promising therapeutic target in CC.

11.
Hemoglobin ; 44(4): 259-263, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32646243

RESUMO

Thalassemia is the most common monogenic disorder around the world. Based on the principle of genotype-phenotype correlation, identification of thalassemia mutations is the essential prerequisite for clinical diagnosis and management. Because only common mutations are routinely detected, the identification of rare or undetermined mutations is a challenge for clinical laboratories. Herein, a proband presenting with inconsistent phenotype-genotype correlation after routine molecular screening was investigated by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA), targeted-next generation sequencing (targeted-NGS), gap-polymerase chain reaction (gap-PCR) and Sanger sequencing. Eventually, a novel 71.8 kb deletion (- -71.8) was identified and characterized, which included HBZ (ζ), HBA2 (α2), and HBA1 (α1) genes and was causing α0-thalassemia (α0-thal). Furthermore, we summarized a practical procedure based on accumulated experience in studies and clinical practice, which can be a guide for molecular screening and clinical diagnosis of thalassemia, especially for identification of undetermined or novel mutations.


Assuntos
Testes Genéticos , Deleção de Sequência , alfa-Globinas/genética , Talassemia alfa/diagnóstico , Talassemia alfa/genética , Alelos , China , Índices de Eritrócitos , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Genótipo , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Masculino , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Talassemia alfa/sangue
12.
Sci Data ; 6: 190009, 2019 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30720802

RESUMO

Animal genomes in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau provide valuable resources for scientists to understand the molecular mechanism of environmental adaptation. Tibetan fish species play essential roles in the local ecology; however, the genomic information for native fishes was still insufficient. Oxygymnocypris stewartii, belonging to Oxygymnocypris genus, Schizothoracinae subfamily, is a native fish in the Tibetan plateau living within the elevation from roughly 3,000 m to 4,200 m. In this report, PacBio and Illumina sequencing platform were used to generate ~385.3 Gb genomic sequencing data. A genome of about 1,849.2 Mb was obtained with a contig N50 length of 257.1 kb. More than 44.5% of the genome were identified as repetitive elements, and 46,400 protein-coding genes were annotated in the genome. The assembled genome can be used as a reference for future population genetic studies of O. stewartii and will improve our understanding of high altitude adaptation of fishes in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau.


Assuntos
Cyprinidae/genética , Genoma , Animais , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Tibet
13.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 4(2): 2629-2630, 2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33365656

RESUMO

Calanthe arcuata is an endemic terrestrial orchid in China with high value of ornament and breeding. Here, we reported the first complete chloroplast genome of this plant in this research. The circular genome is 158,735 bp in length and includes large single-copy (LSC) region of 87,348 bp, small single-copy (SSC) region of 18,489 bp, and a pair of invert repeats (IR) regions of 26,449 bp. It contains 136 genes, including 88 protein-coding (PCG), 38 transfer RNA (tRNA), and eight ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene. The phylogenetic analysis indicated that C. arcuata is the sister to C. davidii and C. triplicata.

14.
Pathol Res Pract ; 211(12): 918-24, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26608415

RESUMO

Hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) is a benign hepatocyte-derived tumor commonly seen in reproductive-aged women with long-term use of oral contraceptives (OCs) in European and North American countries. Accordingly, HCA is currently classified into four molecular subtypes as adopted by the World Health Organization. The present study was firstly to characterize and determine the genetic alterations and clinicopathological features of the largest series of HCAs in China. We reviewed 189 patients with HCA who underwent hepatectomies at our liver center from January 1984 to January 2012, among which 36 HCAs were randomly selected for the sequencing of HNF1α, ß-catenin and gp130 genes, and 60 HCAs were randomly selected for detecting microsatellite instability (MSI). Compared with Western studies, our data showed distinctive findings including male (69.8%) and overweight/obese (50.3%) predominance. Only 3.5% of female patients had a documented history of OCs use for 2-4 years. All 36 sequenced HCAs showed HNF1α mutations (72% missense, 28% synonymous), 2 hotspot polymorphisms of HNF1α (I27L: rs1169288 and S487N: rs2464196) were seen in 17 (47%) and 10 (27.8%) cases, respectively, and a novel single nucleotide polymorphism site (rs1169304) in intron 9 of HNF1α was detected in 32 (88%) cases, but no ß-catenin or gp130 gene mutation was detected, and no nuclear ß-catenin staining was detected by immunohistochemistry. The frequency of MSI was 75% for D12S1398 (HNF1α inactivated pathway) and 78.5% for D6S1064 (HIPPO signaling pathway) in 34 overweight/obese patients with HCA. Our results firstly indicate that patients with HCA in China frequently occur in male overweigh and obese adult population, lack an association with OCs use and exhibit unique genetic alterations. Taken together, these observations suggest that alternative pathogenetic pathways involve in HCA tumorigenesis in Chinese patients.


Assuntos
Adenoma de Células Hepáticas/genética , Adenoma de Células Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Adenoma de Células Hepáticas/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Neoplasias Hepáticas/complicações , Perda de Heterozigosidade , Masculino , Instabilidade de Microssatélites , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/complicações , Sobrepeso/complicações , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
15.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 35(9): 689-92, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24332057

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinicopathological features and prognosis of primary hepatic lymphoma (PHL). METHODS: Thirty-five patients with PHL who underwent surgical resection and were confirmed by pathology in our hospital from 1982 to 2012 were re-evaluated for clinicopathological data, including their symptoms, radiological features, recurrence interval, histopathological properties and prognosis. RESULTS: Of the 35 patients, 25 were men (71.4%) and 10 were women (28.6%), with an average age of 52.6 years old (range, 17-79 years). Presented symptoms were epigastric phymatosis, abdominal pain and low-grade fever. In the present study, 21 (60.0%) patients were positive for HBsAg, 1(2.9%) patient was positive for anti-HCV, 3 patients were positive for AFP, 12 patients and 2 patients were complicated by cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, respectively. Pathologically, 35 PHL were classified into 19 DLBCL (54.3%), 13 T cell-lymphoma (37.1%), and 3 MALT lymphoma (8.6%). Patients with DCBCL showed better postoperative survival than patients with T cell-lymphoma (31.7 ± 3.2) months vs. (22.9 ± 2.2) months (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection may contribute to the pathogenesis of Chinese patients with PHL. Surgical resection followed by comprehensive therapy is the first-line option for PHL. The prognosis of patients with PHL is associated with PHL subtypes.


Assuntos
Hepatite B/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Linfoma , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antígenos CD20/metabolismo , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/metabolismo , Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite C/metabolismo , Humanos , Antígenos Comuns de Leucócito/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Linfoma/patologia , Linfoma/terapia , Linfoma/virologia , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/patologia , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/terapia , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/virologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/virologia , Linfoma de Células T/patologia , Linfoma de Células T/terapia , Linfoma de Células T/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Vincristina/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem , alfa-Fetoproteínas/metabolismo
17.
Plant Cell Rep ; 31(9): 1713-22, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22717672

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: Virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) is a robust technique for identifying the functions of plant genes. Tobacco rattle virus (TRV)-mediated VIGS has been commonly used in many plants. In order to overcome the limitations of existing agroinoculation methods, we report an easy and effective method of agroinoculation for virus-induced gene silencing-sprout vacuum-infiltration (SVI). Using sprout vacuum-infiltration, we have successfully silenced the expression of phytoene desaturase and Mg-protoporphyrin chelatase genes in four important solanaceous crops, including tomato, eggplant, pepper, and Nicotiana benthamiana. The gene-silenced phenotypes are conspicuous in 1-week-old plants. The method is simple, low cost and rapid compared to other techniques such as leaf infiltration or agrodrench. It may be more practical for studying gene function in the early stages of plant growth. An important aspect of SVI is that it will be used for high-throughput VIGS screens in the future. SVI will be an effective tool to overcome the limitations of current inoculation methods and to facilitate large-scale VIGS analysis of cDNA libraries. KEY MESSAGE: SVI is a simple, low cost agroinoculation method for VIGS. It is practical for studying the function of genes expressed in early stages of plant growth and high-throughput VIGS screens.


Assuntos
Agrobacterium/metabolismo , Inativação Gênica , Técnicas Genéticas , Germinação , Vírus de Plantas/metabolismo , Solanaceae/virologia , Vácuo , Clorofila/metabolismo , Flores/virologia , Frutas/virologia , Lycopersicon esculentum/virologia , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Folhas de Planta/virologia , Recombinação Genética/genética , Plântula/virologia , Solanaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Especificidade da Espécie
18.
Mol Biol Rep ; 39(5): 5143-9, 2012 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22160431

RESUMO

The clustering propensity of microRNA genes is a common biological phenomenon in various animal and plant species. To gain novel insight into genomic organization and potential functional heterogeneities of miRNA clusters in vertebrates from a genome scale, we used large scale data and presented a comprehensive analysis to examine various features of genomic organization of miRNA clusters across seven vertebrates by a combination of comparative genomics and bioinformatics approaches. The results of pair-wise distance analysis of same-strand consecutive miRNAs suggested that the fractions of the miRNA gene pairs are higher at relatively short pair-wise distances than those of protein-coding genes and other non-coding RNA genes. Especially relatively small number of miRNAs is more clustered at very short pair-wise distances than expected at random. We further observed significant difference between real miRNA clusters and randomly organized clusters for different aspects, including higher overlap of target genes, fewer seed types and significant enrichment in diseases. However, the extent of these features of clustered miRNAs has a different tendency and largely depends on inter-miRNA distances because of diverse clustering propensity of miRNAs in vertebrates, suggesting that this cooperated function or cooperative effects between miRNAs in clusters perhaps be affected by inter-miRNA distances.


Assuntos
Heterogeneidade Genética , Genoma/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Família Multigênica/genética , Vertebrados/genética , Animais , Análise por Conglomerados , Doença/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Especificidade da Espécie
19.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 24(10): 857-60, 2011 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22097138

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the therapeutic effects of Xiaozhong Zhitong mixture preventing heterotopic ossification (HO) after total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: From July 2006 to October 2009, 154 patients underwent total hip replacement surgery were randomly divided into sham group (group A, 50 cases), indomethacin group (group B, 55 cases) and Xiaozhong Zhitong mixture group (group C, 49 cases). Among 154 patients, 9 cases were primary osteoarthris, 34 cases osteoarthritis secondary to acetabular dysplasia, 98 cases osteoarthritis secondary to avascular necrosis of the femoral head, 2 cases rheumatoid arthritis, 5 cases femoral neck fracture, 6 cases other diseases. Modified Gibson approach was used during the operation. After operation, group A was no preventing treatment, group B was treated by indomethacin 50 mg every time, twice a day; group C was treated by Xiaozhong Zhitong mixture 50 ml every time, twice a day for 4 weeks. Eighteen months after operation was study termination point and X-ray (including the double hip anteroposterior,obturator oblique and iliac oblique film) was used to observe whether heterotopic ossification was formed (Brooker classification was used to evaluate ossification degree); Harris scoring was used to evaluate the function of hip joint,including PAHSS 80 scores and IAHSS 20 scores. RESULTS: All the patients were followed up,with the average of duration of 21.2 months. The condition of heterotopic ossification: for group A,there were 27 cases with heterotopic ossification(54%) ,and Brooker I in 8 cases, II in 9 cases, III in 8 cases and IVin 2 cases; for group B, there were 12 cases heterotopic ossification (21.82%), and Brooker I in 10 cases, II in 2 cases; for group C, there were 11 cases heterotopic ossification(22.45%), and Brooker I in 9 cases, I in 2 cases. There was significant difference among three group in heterotopic ossification by rank test (P<0.05), but no difference between group B and C (P>0.05); there were no significant difference among three groups before treatment in Harris, PAHSS and IAHSS by analysis of variance (one-way ANOVA) (P>0.05), and has significant difference at 18 months after treatment (P<0.01). There were significant difference in Harris, PAHSS and IAHSS before and after treatment at 18 months (P<0.01). LSD-t was used to analyzed the scoring of Harris, PAHSS and IAHSS, there was significant difference among group A and group B and group C (P>0.05), but no difference between group B and C (P<0.01). There were gastrointestinal reaction in 5 of group A, 35 in group B and 4 in group C. CONCLUSION: The effect of Xiaozhong Zhitong mixture on the prevention of heterotopic ossification after total hip arthroplasty is similar to indomethacin, but Xiaozhong Zhitong mixture has the advantages of less side effects and easily acceptance by patients.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Ossificação Heterotópica/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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