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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(20): 5270-5277, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738429

RESUMO

Dirigent(DIR) proteins are involved in the biosynthesis of lignin, lignans, and gossypol in plants and respond to biotic and abiotic stresses. Based on the full-length transcriptome of Schisandra chinensis, bioinformatics methods were used to preliminarily identify the DIR gene family and analyze the physico-chemical properties, subcellular localization, conserved motifs, phylogeny, and expression patterns of the proteins. The results showed that a total of 34 DIR genes were screened and the encoded proteins were 156-387 aa. The physico-chemical properties of the proteins were different and the secondary structure was mainly random coil. Half of the DIR proteins were located in chloroplast, while the others in extracellular region, endoplasmic reticulum, cytoplasm, etc. Phylogenetic analysis of DIR proteins from S. chinensis and the other 8 species such as Arabidopsis thaliana, Oryza sativa, and Glycine max demonstrated that all DIR proteins were clustered into 5 subfamilies and that DIR proteins from S. chinensis were in 4 subfamilies. DIR-a subfamily has the unique structure of 8 ß-sheets, as verified by multiple sequence alignment. Finally, through the analysis of the transcriptome of S. chinensis fruit at different development stages, the expression pattern of DIR was clarified. Combined with the accumulation of lignans in fruits at different stages, DIR might be related to the synthesis of lignans in S. chinensis. This study lays a theoretical basis for exploring the biological functions of DIR genes and elucidating the biosynthesis pathway of lignans in S. chinensis.


Assuntos
Lignanas , Schisandra , Frutas/química , Frutas/genética , Lignanas/análise , Filogenia , Alinhamento de Sequência
2.
Cardiovasc Toxicol ; 21(12): 973-983, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34410632

RESUMO

To investigate the efficacy of Slit2 in the rats with coronary heart disease (CHD). CHD model were constructed by feeding high-fat food and injecting with pituitrin in rat, followed by recombinant Slit2 treatment, and then the cardiac function was evaluated by echocardiography, and the indicators concerning the cardiomyocyte injury markers and lipoprotein status and oxidative stress were measured. The Slit2 expression in the heart tissues was identified by immunofluorescence. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was carried out to detect inflammatory cytokines, H2DCFDA staining to determine the ROS generation in heart tissues, Masson trichrome staining to observe myocardial fibrosis, and qRT-PCR and Western blotting to detect gene and protein expressions. Slit2 decreased the levels of LDH, CK-MB, cTnI, TG, TC and LDL-C and increased HDL-C level in CHD rats. In the normal heart tissues, Slit2 expression was significantly lower in cardiomyocytes than cardiac fibroblasts. Furthermore, the expressions of VCAM-1, ICAM-1, fibronectin and TGF-ß1 were increased in the heart tissues of CHD rats with the obvious myocardial fibrosis, which were dose-dependently reversed by recombinant Slit2. In addition, recombinant Slit2 also dose-dependently increased the activity of NO, SOD, CAT and GSH-Px, and decreased TNF-α, IL-6, MCP-1, MDA and ROS in CHD rats. Slit2 was downregulated in myocardial tissue and plasma of CHD rats. Recombinant Slit2, by regulating the level of blood lipid, can relieve the myocardial fibrosis, inflammation and oxidative stress in CHD.

4.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 190: 114616, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34022189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anthracycline are inhibitors of topoisomerase II leading to DNA double strand breaks, and it is widely used for treatment of breast cancer. eIF3a is the largest subunit of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 (eIF3) and highly expressed in breast cancer. In this study, we investigated the role of eIF3a in DSB DNA repair and the response of breast cancer patients to anthracycline-based chemotherapy. METHODS: MTT assay was used to detect anthracycline sensitivity in cell lines. Real-time reverse transcriptase PCR, western blotting and immunofluorescence were performed to assess changes in gene expression levels. Cometassay and end-joining activity assay were conducted to explore the effect of eIF3a in NHEJ repair. Luciferase reporter assay was performed to detect LIG4 5'UTR activity. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect eIF3a, LIG4 and DNA-PKcs expression levels in breast cancer tissues. RESULTS: The results showed that eIF3a increased cellular response to anthracyclines by regulating DSB repair activity via influencing the expression of LIG4 and DNA-PKcs at translational level. Breast cancer patients with high level of eIF3a or low level of LIG4 or low level of DNA-PKcs had better anthracycline-based chemotherapy prognosis compared. Moreover, Combined expressions of eIF3a, LIG4 and DNA-PKcs could be better to predict PFS in breast cancer patients with anthracycline-based chemotherapy. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that eIF3a effects anthracycline-based chemotherapy response by regulating DSB DNA repair.


Assuntos
Antraciclinas/farmacologia , Quebras de DNA de Cadeia Dupla/efeitos dos fármacos , Reparo do DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Iniciação 3 em Eucariotos/biossíntese , Animais , Antraciclinas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Reparo do DNA/fisiologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/fisiologia , Fator de Iniciação 3 em Eucariotos/genética , Feminino , Seguimentos , Células HeLa , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Camundongos , Células NIH 3T3
5.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(12): 2696-2702, 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33969052

RESUMO

The large global outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has seriously endangered the health care system in China and globally. The sudden surge of patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection has revealed the shortage of critical care medicine resources and intensivists. Currently, the management of non-critically ill patients with COVID-19 is performed mostly by non-intensive care unit (ICU) physicians, who lack the required professional knowledge, training, and practice in critical care medicine, especially in terms of continuous monitoring of the respiratory function, intervention, and feedback on treatment effects. This clinical problem needs an urgent solution. Therefore, here, we propose a series of clinical strategies for non-ICU physicians aimed at the standardization of the management of non-critically ill patients with COVID-19 from the perspective of critical care medicine. Isolation management is performed to facilitate the implementation of hierarchical monitoring and intervention to ensure the reasonable distribution of scarce critical care medical resources and intensivists, highlight the key patients, timely detection of disease progression, and early and appropriate intervention and organ function support, and thus improve the prognosis. Different management objectives are also set based on the high-risk factors and the severity of patients with COVID-19. The approaches suggested herein will facilitate the timely detection of disease progression, and thus ensure the provision of early and appropriate intervention and organ function support, which will eventually improve the prognosis.

7.
J Pineal Res ; 70(4): e12727, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33666955

RESUMO

Melatonin (MT) is involved in various physiological processes and stress responses in animals and plants. However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms by which MT regulates potassium deficiency (DK) tolerance in crops. In this study, an appropriate concentration (50 µmol/L) was found to enhance the tolerance of wheat plants against DK. RNA-seq analysis showed that a total of 6253 and 5873 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were separately identified in root and leaf tissues of the DK + MT-treated wheat plants. They functionally involved biological processes of secondary metabolite, signal transduction, and transport or catabolism. Of these, an upregulated high-affinity K transporter 1 (TaHAK1) gene was next characterized. TaHAK1 overexpression markedly enhanced the K absorption, while its transient silencing exhibited the opposite effect, suggesting its important role in MT-mediated DK tolerance. Moreover, yeast one-hybrid (Y1H) was used to screen the upstream regulators of TaHAK1 gene and the transcription factor TaNAC71 was identified. The binding between TaNAC71 and TaHAK1 promoter was evidenced by using Y1H, LUC, and EMSA assays. Transient overexpression of TaNAC71 in wheat protoplasts activated the TaHAK1 expression, whereas its transient silencing inhibited the TaHAK1 expression and aggravated the sensitivity to DK. Exogenous MT application greatly upregulated the expression of TaHAK1 in both transient overexpression and silencing systems. Our findings revealed some molecular mechanisms underlying MT-mediated DK tolerance and helped broaden its practical application in agriculture.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/fisiologia , Melatonina/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Deficiência de Potássio/metabolismo , Triticum/metabolismo , Adaptação Fisiológica/fisiologia , Produtos Agrícolas/metabolismo , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas/metabolismo
8.
Global Spine J ; : 2192568221997078, 2021 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33733889

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Technical note, retrospective case series. OBJECTIVE: The optimal surgical strategy for multilevel cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) with a negative kyphosis line (K-line (-)) remains controversial. We present a novel single-stage posterior approach that converts the K-line from negative to positive in patients with multilevel cervical OPLL, using a posterior thick cervical pedicle screw (CPS) system and report the procedure's outcomes and feasibility. METHODS: Twelve consecutive patients with multilevel cervical OPLL and K-line (-) underwent single-stage posterior thick CPS fixation, with laminectomy and foraminal decompression. A pre-bent rod was installed to convert the K-line from negative to positive. Radiographic parameters, including the extent and occupying ratio of OPLL and the C2-C7 angle, were examined. CPS accuracy was assessed using computed tomography. The Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) and visual analog scale (VAS) scores were analyzed. Quality of life was assessed using the Neck Disability Index (NDI). The mean OPLL extent was 5 vertebral body levels, and posterior decompression was performed on 4.2 segments. RESULTS: The average C2-C7 angle and the occupying ratio of OPLL improved from -9.0° to 14.3° and from 63% to 33%, respectively. The preoperative JOA, VAS, and NDI scores significantly improved from 8.4 to 13.3, from 7.1 to 2.2, and from 21.9 to 9.3, respectively. The K-line was converted from negative to positive in all cases. No severe complications were identified. CONCLUSION: Single-stage posterior surgery with a thick CPS system may be a reliable and effective treatment for multilevel cervical OPLL and K-line (-).

9.
Cancer Invest ; 39(4): 321-332, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645376

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The detection rate of lung nodules has increased significantly among petroleum workers in North China since the low-dose CT (LDCT) screening has been widely carried out. What's more, the number of confirmed early lung cancers is increasing continuously. Therefore, a great deal of concern for the high risk of lung cancer has been shown among petroleum workers. PURPOSE: To improve the screening efficiency and maximize the benefits of the subjects, the current situation of LDCT lung cancer screening should be understood and the imaging characteristics of early lung cancer should be analyzed for petroleum workers in North China. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Firstly, the dynamic changes of LDCT early lung cancer screening for petroleum workers in North China were analyzed in recent years. Then, the survey data of 3121 petroleum workers was compared with that of 1868 non-petroleum workers, which was analyzed. Finally, 91 patients (129 nodular lung cancer) confirmed by pathology were retrospectively analyzed, and the data of which was compared with the clinical features obtained from survey data above. The imaging characteristics and related factors of different subtypes of lung adenocarcinoma were discussed and analyzed. RESULTS: Lung nodules were found in 810 cases (25.95%) out of 3121 petroleum workers; and the surgery was chosen by 42 patients, 38 of whom were confirmed as lung cancer. Compared with the data of screened petroleum workers, there were more older people and more females as well as a higher proportion of people with family malignancy history, and a lower proportion of smoking people in 91 patients with lung cancer. As the pathological grade of tumor nodules increased, the volume and diameter of nodules gradually increased, and the mean density, maximum density and standard deviation of density also increased (p < 0.001). The volume and diameter of nodules were positively correlated with ages (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The occurrence of lung adenocarcinoma is closely related to the family history of malignant tumors, and the constituent ratio of young women without a history of smoking increased significantly. At the same time, the quantitative information obtained by using CT images has important value in predicting its pathological subtypes.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Profissionais/diagnóstico por imagem , Saúde do Trabalhador , Indústria de Petróleo e Gás , Nódulo Pulmonar Solitário/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/etiologia , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/cirurgia , Adulto , Biópsia , China , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/etiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos/etiologia , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos/patologia , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos/cirurgia , Gradação de Tumores , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Doenças Profissionais/patologia , Doenças Profissionais/cirurgia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Nódulo Pulmonar Solitário/etiologia , Nódulo Pulmonar Solitário/patologia , Nódulo Pulmonar Solitário/cirurgia , Carga Tumoral
10.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 267: 113473, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068649

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Metastasis is the main cause of death in lung cancer patients. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) may be an important target of metastasis intervention. Previous studies have shown that Jinfukang could prevent the recurrence and metastasis of lung cancer, and we have established a circulating lung tumor cell line CTC-TJH-01. However, whether Jinfukang inhibition of lung cancer metastasis is related to CTCs is still unknown. AIM OF THE STUDY: To further explore the mechanism of Jinfukang in anti-metastasis of lung cancer from the perspective of intervention of CTCs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CTC-TJH-01 and H1975 cells were treated with Jinfukang. Cell viability was detected by CCK8, and the cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. Transwell was used to detected cell migration and invasion. Cell anoikis was detected by anoikis detection kit. Protein expression was analysis by Western blot. RESULTS: Jinfukang could inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of CTC-TJH-01 and H1975 cells. Besides, Jinfukang could also induce anoikis in CTC-TJH-01 and H1975 cells. Analysis of the mRNA expression profile showed ECM-receptor interaction and focal adhesion were regulated by Jinfukang. Moreover, it was also find that Jinfukang significantly inhibited integrin/Src pathway in CTC-TJH-01 and H1975 cells. When suppress the expression of integrin with ATN-161, it could promote Jinfukang to inhibit migration and induce anoikis in CTC-TJH-01 and H1975 cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that the migration and invasion of CTCs are inhibited by Jinfukang, and the mechanism may involve the suppression of integrin/Src axis to induce anoikis. These data suggest that Jinfukang exerts anti-metastatic effects in lung cancer may through anoikis.


Assuntos
Anoikis/efeitos dos fármacos , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Integrinas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinases da Família src/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/enzimologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/metabolismo , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia , Transdução de Sinais
11.
Inflammation ; 44(2): 746-757, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33141376

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the effect of splenectomy on dexmedetomidine-activated cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway-mediated alleviation of LPS-induced AKI. A mouse model of septic kidney injury was established in C57BL/6 mice. A total of 30 C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into the control group, LPS group, dexmedetomidine + LPS group, splenectomy group, splenectomy + LPS group, and splenectomy + dexmedetomidine + LPS group. The pathological effects in kidney tissues in each group were analyzed by HE staining. Apoptosis in each group was examined by the TUNEL method. Cr and Cys-C levels in each group were measured by ELISA. The expression levels of IL-6, NF-κB p65, Caspase-3, the antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2, the proapoptotic protein Bax, and α7nAChR in each group were measured by qRT-PCR and Western blotting. Dexmedetomidine alone reduced apoptosis in kidney tissue; however, apoptosis was increased after splenectomy in mice treated with dexmedetomidine. Splenectomy reduced the production of proinflammatory cytokines in circulation and had a protective effect on the kidney. Splenectomy inhibited dexmedetomidine-mediated activation of the α7nAChR pathway. Dexmedetomidine effectively alleviated LPS-induced kidney injury, and splenectomy inhibited the anti-inflammatory, antiapoptotic, and renoprotective effects of dexmedetomidine. The kidney-spleen axis is mediated by the α7nAChR-NF-κB signaling pathway and is involved in the development of AKI.

12.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(10): 4547-4554, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33124386

RESUMO

The emission of nitrogen and phosphorus via non-point source pollution from a small watershed has become the main pollution source of river waters, while climatic conditions and human activities directly affect the changes in rainfall-runoff and types of land use that are closely related to nitrogen and phosphorus pollution. In this study, we explore the runoff loss, nitrogen and phosphors concentration, and nitrogen and phosphorus emission in Huajiaogou small watershed on the upper reaches of Yangtze River. The rainfall, runoff, and temporal changes of nitrogen and phosphorus were analyzed using the continuous position monitoring data. The results showed that:① the runoff volumes were 10.05×105 m3 and 3.34×105 m3 from July 1st to September 30th, accounting for 76.58% and 56.51% in 2012 and 2013, respectively, and they were positively correlated to rainfall. The peak concentrations of ammonia nitrogen (NH4+-N) from April 1st to June 30th were 11.51 mg ·L-1 and 4.44 mg ·L-1in 2012 and 2013, respectively. ② The NH4+-N emission risk period was from July 1st to September 30th, accounting for 78.45% and 62.24% in 2012 and 2013, respectively. The peak concentration and emission risk period of total nitrogen (TN) and nitrate nitrogen (NO3--N) were from July 1st to September 30th, and NO3--N was the main form of the total nitrogen emission. The peak concentration of NO3--N was 6.06 mg ·L-1 and 11.43 mg ·L-1in 2012 and 2013, respectively, and the loss in NO3--N from July 1st to September 30th accounted for 88.74% and 65.55% in 2012 and 2013, respectively. ③The emission risk period of total phosphorus (TP), dissolved total phosphorus (DTP), and particulate phosphorus (PP) was also from July 1st to September 30th, and the particulate phosphorus was the main form of the total phosphorus emission. The particulate phosphorus emission from July 1st to September 30th accounted for 36% and 68% in 2012 and 2013, respectively, and the ration of particle phosphorus to total phosphorus was easily affected by rainfall.


Assuntos
Fósforo , Poluentes Químicos da Água , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Nitrogênio/análise , Fósforo/análise , Rios , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
13.
Front Immunol ; 11: 1763, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32973745

RESUMO

Background: Studies have shown that plasma donor-derived cell-free DNA (dd-cfDNA) can predict renal allograft antibody-mediated rejection. This study was performed to evaluate the value of urine dd-cfDNA concentration and dd-cfDNA fraction (%) for discriminating BK polyomavirus-associated nephropathy (BKPyVAN) in kidney transplant recipients with urinary BK polyomavirus (BKPyV) infection. Methods: In this retrospective single-center observational study, we enrolled kidney transplant recipients who were diagnosed with urine BKPyV infection between August 2018 and May 2019 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University. Urine dd-cfDNA was measured by using a novel target region capture sequencing methodology. The pathological diagnosis of BKPyVAN was confirmed by anti-SV40-T immunohistochemical staining and classified using the American Society for Transplantation schema. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used to investigate the relations of urine dd-cfDNA and dd-cfDNA% to intrarenal allograft BKPyV infection states. Results: In total, 93 patients were enrolled, including 40 cases of proven BKPyVAN, seven cases of probable BKPyVAN, 23 cases of possible BKPyVAN, and 23 cases of resolving BKPyVAN. Urine dd-cfDNA level in proven BKPyVAN (22.09 ± 21.27 ng/ml) was comparable to that in probable BKPyVAN (15.64 ± 6.73 ng/ml, P = 0.434) but was significantly higher than that in possible BKPyVAN (5.60 ± 3.53 ng/ml) and resolving BKPyVAN (5.30 ± 3.34 ng/ml) (both Ps < 0.05). Urine dd-cfDNA% of proven BKPyVAN (0.71 ± 0.21) was lower than that of probable BKPyVAN (0.91 ± 0.04, P < 0.001), but was significantly higher than that of possible BKPyVAN (0.56 ± 0.30) and resolving BKPyVAN (0.46 ± 0.28) (both Ps < 0.05). For distinguishing biopsy-proven BKPyVAN from biopsy-excluded BKPyVAN, the discrimination capacity of urine dd-cfDNA (AUC: 0.842, 95% CI: 0.735, 0.918) was superior to that of plasma BKPyV DNA load (AUC: 0.660, 95% CI: 0.537, 0.769) with 0.181 (95% CI: 0.043, 0.319) difference between areas under ROC curves (P = 0.010). Conclusion: The elevated urine dd-cfDNA level may help discriminate BKPyVAN in kidney transplant recipients with BKPyV viruria.


Assuntos
Vírus BK/genética , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/urina , DNA Viral/urina , Nefropatias/diagnóstico , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Infecções por Polyomavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções Tumorais por Vírus/diagnóstico , Infecções Urinárias/diagnóstico , Adulto , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Nefropatias/urina , Nefropatias/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Polyomavirus/urina , Infecções por Polyomavirus/virologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Infecções Tumorais por Vírus/urina , Infecções Tumorais por Vírus/virologia , Urinálise , Infecções Urinárias/urina , Infecções Urinárias/virologia , Carga Viral
14.
Front Pharmacol ; 11: 255, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32265694

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are being found to play an increasingly important role in the development of tumors. However, their biological functions and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Using information from GEO Datasets, we found that the lncRNA LINC00588 was downregulated in osteosarcoma (OS) in bone but was upregulated in the metastatic tumor present in the lung. We assessed the function of LINC00588 using both overexpression and knock-out studies. We performed colony formation assay, CCK-8 assay, flow cytometry, wound healing assay, transwell assay, and RT-qPCR assay and used a xenograft model to investigate the influence of LINC00588 on cell proliferation, viability, cell apoptosis and cycle, migration, invasion, endothelial cell function, EMT (epithelial to mesenchymal transition), and tumor growth, respectively. Overexpression of LINC00588 appeared to inhibit cell proliferation, viability, migration, invasion, endothelial cell function, EMT, and tumor growth but not apoptosis, while we got the opposite result when we knocked down LINC00588. Next, we predicted that LINC00588 bound to miRNA-1972 and significantly downregulated its expression, which we then verified through a luciferase reporter assay. Subsequently, we knocked down miR1972 and performed CCK-8 and transwell assays to demonstrate that downregulation of miRNA-1972 could substantially inhibit the viability and invasion of osteosarcoma cells. The expression of TP53 was downregulated at the protein level but not at the mRNA level after the overexpression of miRNA-1972. Taken together, our findings indicate that LINC00588 plays a role in OS development by downregulating the expression of miRNA-1972, which can, in turn, inhibit the expression of TP53. Hence, we believe that the LINC00588/miRNA-1072/TP53 axis could potentially serve as a therapeutic target or diagnostic biomarker for osteosarcoma.

15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(6): 1393-1398, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32281353

RESUMO

An UPLC method was established for the direct determination of six major bioactive isosteroidal alkaloids, namely peimisine, imperialine, sipeimine-3-D-glucoside, verticinone, verticine and hupehenine from the bulbus of Fritillaria(Beimu), a commonly used antitussive traditional Chinese medicinal(TCM) herb. An Acquity UPLC~(TM) CSH C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 µm) was used for all analysis. The investigated six compounds were all separated with gradient mobile phase consisting of 0.02% diethylamine-water-methanol at a flow rate of 0.3 mL·min~(-1). The temperature of sample manager was set at 20 ℃. Drift tube temperature was 45 ℃, and spray parameter was 40% with injection volume of 1 µL. Then, the further quality assessment of Beimu was carried out by cluster analysis(CA) and principal component analysis(PCA). The investigated all had good linearity(r≥0.998 9) over the tested ranges. The method is simple, accurate and reproducible, and can be used for determining the content of six major bioactive isosteroidal alkaloids.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Fritillaria/química , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Raízes de Plantas/química
17.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 82: 106316, 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32088642

RESUMO

Hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) is an effective therapeutic agent that alleviates myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion injury (MIRI), but the exact mechanisms remain elusive. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential protective effect of HSYA against MIRI through mechanisms related to NLRP3 inflammasome regulation. In this study, hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced H9c2 cardiomyocytes were treated with HSYA or the AMPK inhibitor, compound C (CC). Our results showed that HSYA pretreatment improved cardiomyocyte viability, maintained mitochondrial membrane potential, reduced apoptotic cardiomyocytes, decreased caspase-3 activity, and inhibited NOD-like receptor 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome activation during H/R injury. Moreover, the inhibition of AMPK activation by the CC inhibitor partially abolished the effects of HSYA treatment, including suppressing the upregulation of NLRP3 inflammasome components (NLRP3, caspase-1 and interleukin-1ß) and promoting autophagy (LC3-II/LC3-I and p62). In conclusion, the protective mechanism of HSYA in H/R-induced cardiomyocyte injury is associated with inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome activation through the AMPK signalling pathway.

18.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(1): 460-468, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854949

RESUMO

The effects of a single application of three amendments (biochar, lignite, and chicken manure) on the fraction transformations of soil Cd and Ni and uptake by winter wheat are reported to provide reference for passivation and the remediation of heavy metals in soil. Field experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of different passivators on the forms of Cd and Ni in soils at different growth stages of winter wheat, and to analyze the contents of Cd and Ni in different organs of wheat. The results showed that biochar increased soil pH and that lignite reduced soil pH, but not significantly. Chicken manure significantly reduced soil pH at booting and mature stages, and decreased by 0.23 and 0.20 pH units, respectively. The single application of biochar, chicken manure, or lignite did not reduce the exchangeable Ni content significantly, whereas the effect on the exchangeable Cd was significant. Lignite 2% treatment had the greatest decrease in exchangeable Cd at different growth stages of wheat, which were 30.50%, 43.34%, and 31.20%, respectively. The contents of Cd and Ni in the shoots and underground parts of wheat decreased to some extent, and the extent of these decreases increased with the increase of passivator dosage. The decrease of Cd content in wheat roots was the largest under the treatment of lignite 2% at different growth stages, reaching 38.35%, 58.00%, and 50.20% respectively. The greatest decline of Ni content in wheat roots occurred in the lignite 2% treatment at the booting (41.33% decline) and mature stages (51.35%). All the three amendments reduced the availability of Cd and Ni in slightly alkaline soil, and the passivation effect on Cd was better than that of Ni. All three amendments also effectively reduced the content of Cd and Ni in different organs of wheat plants in different growth period. The order of decreasing effect of Cd in wheat organs was lignite > biochar > chicken manure at the same dose of these three passivators.

19.
Plant Sci ; 290: 110293, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31779893

RESUMO

Class I TGA transcription factors (TFs) are known to participate in plant resistance responses, however, their regulatory functions in the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites were rarely revealed. In this study, a class I TGA TF, TwTGA1, from Tripterygium wilfordii Hook.f. was cloned and characterized. Overexpression of TwTGA1 in T. wilfordii Hook.f. cells increased the production of triptolide and two sesquiterpene pyridine alkaloids, which was further enhanced by methyl jasmonate (MeJA) treatment. RNA interference of TwTGA1 showed no significant effects on the production of these metabolites, indicating the existence of other TGA partner(s) with overlapping functions. Heterologous expression of TwTGA1 in tobacco By-2 cells promoted the biosynthesis of pyridine alkaloids. Under the elicitation of MeJA, the contents of nonpyrrolidine alkaloids further increased but not for nicotine. TwTGA1 could induce the expression of Putrescine N-methyltransferase (PMT) and N-methylputrescine oxidase 1 (MPO1) through binding to their promoters. Finally, transient expression of TwTGA1 in leaves of Catharanthus roseus changed both the profiles of vinca alkaloids (increased contents of serpentine and catharanthine, but decreased that of vinblastine) and the expressions of biosynthesis-related genes. The metabolic and transcriptional data indicated a relationship between jasmonic acid signaling pathway and the functions of TwTGA1.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Tripterygium/genética , Alcaloides/biossíntese , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Catharanthus/metabolismo , Diterpenos/metabolismo , Compostos de Epóxi/metabolismo , Fenantrenos/metabolismo , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo , Metabolismo Secundário , Alinhamento de Sequência , Fatores de Transcrição/química , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Tripterygium/metabolismo
20.
J Plant Physiol ; 244: 153093, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31841951

RESUMO

Nitrogen (N) mobilization from mature leaves plays a key role in supplying amino acids to vegetative and reproductive sinks. However, it is unknown if the mobilized N is predominantly sourced by net N-export (a senescence-related process) or other source of N-export from leaves. We used a new approach to partition gross and net N-export from leaf blades at different developmental stages in Cleistogenes squarrosa (a perennial C4 grass). Net N-export was determined as net loss of leaf N with age, while gross N-export was quantified from isotopic mass balances obtained following 24 h-long 15N-labeling with nitrate on 10-12 developmentally distinct (mature and senescing) leaves of individual major tillers. Net N-export was apparent only in older leaves (leaf no. > 7, with leaves numbered basipetally from the tip of the tiller and leaf no. 2 the youngest fully-expanded leaf), while gross N-export was largely independent of leaf age category and was ∼8.4 times greater than the net N-export of a tiller. At whole-tiller level, N import compensated 88 ±â€¯14 (SE) % of gross N-export of all mature blades leading to a net N-export of 0.51 ±â€¯0.07 (SE) µg h-1 tiller-1. N-import was equivalent to 0.09 ±â€¯0.01 (SE) d-1 of total leaf N, similar to reported rates of leaf protein turnover. Gross N-export from all mature blades of a tiller was ∼1.9-times the total demand of the immature tissues of the same (vegetative) tiller. Significant N-export is evident in all mature blades, and is not limited to senescence conditions, implying a much shorter mean residence time of leaf N than that calculated from net N-export. Gross N-export contributes not only to the N demand of the immature tissues of the same tiller but also to N supply of other sinks, such as newly formed tillers. N dynamics at tiller level is integrated with that of the remainder of the shoot, thus highlights the importance of integration of leaf-, tiller-, and plant-scale N dynamics.


Assuntos
Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Poaceae/metabolismo
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