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1.
IEEE Trans Image Process ; 30: 2898-2907, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33556009

RESUMO

In recent years, supervised person re-identification (re-ID) models have received increasing studies. However, these models trained on the source domain always suffer dramatic performance drop when tested on an unseen domain. Existing methods are primary to use pseudo labels to alleviate this problem. One of the most successful approaches predicts neighbors of each unlabeled image and then uses them to train the model. Although the predicted neighbors are credible, they always miss some hard positive samples, which may hinder the model from discovering important discriminative information of the unlabeled domain. In this paper, to complement these low recall neighbor pseudo labels, we propose a joint learning framework to learn better feature embeddings via high precision neighbor pseudo labels and high recall group pseudo labels. The group pseudo labels are generated by transitively merging neighbors of different samples into a group to achieve higher recall. However, the merging operation may cause subgroups in the group due to imperfect neighbor predictions. To utilize these group pseudo labels properly, we propose using a similarity-aggregating loss to mitigate the influence of these subgroups by pulling the input sample towards the most similar embeddings. Extensive experiments on three large-scale datasets demonstrate that our method can achieve state-of-the-art performance under the unsupervised domain adaptation re-ID setting.

2.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0246801, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33561168

RESUMO

Chilling stress generates significant inhibition of normal growth and development of cotton plants and lead to severe reduction of fiber quality and yield. Currently, little is known for the molecular mechanism of brown-fiber cotton (BFC) to respond to chilling stress. Herein, RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq)-based comparative analysis of leaves under 4°C treatment in two different-tolerant BFC cultivars, chilling-sensitive (CS) XC20 and chilling-tolerant (CT) Z1612, was performed to investigate the response mechanism. A total of 72650 unigenes were identified with eight commonly used databases. Venn diagram analysis identified 1194 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) with significant up-regulation in all comparison groups. Furthermore, enrichment analyses of COG and KEGG, as well as qRT-PCR validation, indicated that 279 genes were discovered as up-regulated DEGs (UDEGs) with constant significant increased expression in CT cultivar Z1612 groups at the dimensions of both each comparison group and treatment time, locating in the enriched pathways of signal transduction, protein and carbohydrate metabolism, and cell component. Moreover, the comprehensive analyses of gene expression, physiological index and intracellular metabolite detections, and ascorbate antioxidative metabolism measurement validated the functional contributions of these identified candidate genes and pathways to chilling stress. Together, this study for the first time report the candidate key genes and metabolic pathways responding to chilling stress in BFC, and provide the effective reference for understanding the regulatory mechanism of low temperature adaptation in cotton.

3.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(7): 2245-2252, 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33576230

RESUMO

Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) is one of the most commonly used plastics worldwide and its accumulation in the environment is a global problem. PETase from Ideonella sakaiensis 201-F6 was reported to exhibit higher hydrolytic activity and specificity for PET than other enzymes at ambient temperature. Enzymatic degradation of PET using PETase provides an attractive approach for plastic degradation and recycling. In this work, extracellular PETase was achieved by Escherichia coli BL21 using a Sec-dependent translocation signal peptide, pelB, for secretion. Furthermore, engineering of the pelB through random mutagenesis and screening was performed to improve the secretion efficiency of PETase. Evolved pelB enabled higher PETase secretion by up to 1.7-fold. The improved secretion of PETase led to more efficient hydrolysis of the PET model compound, bis (2-hydroxyethyl) terephthalic acid (BHET), PET powder, and PET film. Our study presents the first example of the increasing secretion of PETase by an engineered signal peptide, providing a promising approach to obtain extracellular PETase for efficient enzymatic degradation of PET.

4.
Ann Palliat Med ; 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33440975

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To explore whole-liver histogram analysis (HA) with blood oxygen level-dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging (BOLD-fMRI) in evaluating and diagnosing hepatic fibrosis (HF) in a CCl4-induced rabbit model. METHODS: One hundred rabbits were classified as CCl4-induced HF groups (n=80) and control group (n=20), and were scheduled for BOLD-fMRI examination on a 3.0T scanner. Whole-liver HA metrics, including the mean, median, skewness, kurtosis, inhomogeneity, entropy, and nth percentiles, were extracted from the R2* map. Parameters were compared among the different HF stages using receivers operating characteristic analysis and Mann-Whitney U-test. RESULTS: In all, 17, 18, 19, 17, and 15 rabbits were pathologically diagnosed as F0, F1, F2, F3, and F4, respectively. HA parameters, including the median, inhomogeneity, entropy, and the 75th and 90th percentiles of the BOLD R2* map, demonstrated significant positive correlations with the fibrosis stage (r=0.226-0.718, P≤0.039). The 75th percentiles demonstrated higher diagnostic efficacy than the other HA parameters in fibrosis staging, with an AUC value of 0.86 for ≥ F1, 0.87 for ≥ F2, 0.87 for ≥ F3, and 0.86 for ≥ F4. CONCLUSIONS: BOLD-fMRI HA provides increased diagnostic performance in staging HF, especially for the 75th percentiles.

5.
Parasit Vectors ; 14(1): 11, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407818

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Blastocystis sp. is an anaerobic protozoan that parasitizes many animal hosts and the human gastrointestinal tract, and its pathogenicity is controversial. Captive wildlife may be potential reservoirs for human infection with Blastocystis sp. The present study was performed to investigate the prevalence and subtype distribution of Blastocystis sp. in zoo animals in Sichuan Province, southwestern China. METHODS: A total of 420 fresh fecal samples were collected from 54 captive wildlife species in four zoos in southwestern China between June 2017 and September 2019. The prevalence and subtype (ST) genetic characteristics of Blastocystis sp. were determined by PCR amplification of the barcode region of the SSU rRNA gene and phylogenetic analysis. RESULTS: Overall, 15.7% (66/420) of the animal samples and 20.7% (14/54) of the species tested were shown to be infected with Blastocystis sp. The highest prevalence of Blastocystis sp. was found in Panzhihua Zoo (24.3%), which was significantly higher than that in Chengdu Zoo (6.9%), and Xichang Zoo (2.9%) (P < 0.05). There are also significant differences in the prevalence of Blastocystis sp. among different species (P < 0.05), and the highest of Blastocystis sp. prevalence was observed in white-cheeked gibbon, black great squirrel, and red giant flying squirrel (100%). Subtype analysis of Blastocystis sp. revealed nine subtypes, including six zoonotic STs (ST1-5, and ST8) and three animal-specific STs (ST10, ST14, and ST17), with ST17 as the predominant subtype (26/66) in Blastocystis sp.-positive isolates. CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the first report on the prevalence and subtype distribution of Blastocystis sp. among captive wildlife in zoos in southwestern China. This study highlights that these animals may serve as reservoirs for human Blastocystis sp. infections.

6.
J Plant Physiol ; 258-259: 153360, 2021 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33482420

RESUMO

Drought is one of the abiotic stresses which affects the growth and development of plants, including cotton. The role of stomatal anion channel SLAC1 has been well established in regulating stomatal closure in response to drought stress in several plant species. However, the gene encoding for the main S-type anion channel SLAC1 in cotton has not been identified hence its role in drought stress response remains uncharacterized. In this study, we identified Gh_A08G1582 as the gene encoding for GhSLAC1 in cotton. The gene exhibited abundant expression in leaves and was localized in cell membrane. Furthermore, the expression of GhSLAC1 in Arabidopsis slac1-3 mutants rescued the defective stomatal movement phenotypes of the mutants, pointing to its role in stomata regulation. GhSLAC1 channel was activated by AtOST1 in Xenopus laevis oocytes and showed greater permeability for nitrate than chloride. Further data demonstrated that transgenic cotton lines with silenced GhSLAC1 exhibited obvious leaf wilting phenotype and strong stomatal closure insensitivity under drought stress. Taken together, these results demonstrate that GhSLAC1 is an essential element for stomatal closure in response to drought in cotton.

7.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33290065

RESUMO

Lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMOs) play a crucial role in the enzymatic depolymerization of cellulose through oxidative cleavage of the glycosidic bond in the highly recalcitrant crystalline cellulose region. Improving the activity of LPMOs is of considerable importance for second-generation biorefinery. In this study, we identified a beneficial amino acid substitution (N526S) located in the cellulose binding module (CBM) of HcLPMO10 (LPMO of Hahella chejuensis) using directed evolution. The improved variant HcLPMO10 M1 (N526S) exhibits 2.1-fold higher activity for the H2O2 production, 2.7-fold higher oxidation activity, and 1.9-fold higher binding capacity toward cellulose compared with those of the wild type (WT). Furthermore, M1 shows 2.1-fold higher activity for degradation of crystalline cellulose in synergy with cellulase, compared to the WT. Structural analysis through molecular modeling and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation revealed that the substitution N526S located in the CBM likely stabilizes the cellulose binding surface and enhances the binding capacity of HcLPMO10 to cellulose, thereby enhancing enzyme activity. These findings demonstrate the important role of the CBM in the catalytic function of LPMO.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33267667

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To provide an up-to-date review of studies that used preclinical animal models for the evaluation of tissue engineering treatments for spinal cord injury (SCI), which involved the use of biomaterials with or without the addition of cells or biomolecules. METHODS: Electronic search of the PubMed, Web of Science and Embase databases was performed for relevant studies published between January 2009 and December 2019. RESULTS: 1579 articles were retrieved, of which 58 studies were included for analysis. Among the included studies, rats were the most common species used for animal models of SCI, while complete transection was the most commonly used injury pattern. Immediate intervention after injury was conducted in the majority of studies, and 8 weeks was the most common final time point of outcome assessment. A wide range of natural and synthetic biomaterials with different morphologies were used as a part of tissue engineering treatments for SCI, including scaffolds, hydrogels and particles. CONCLUSION: Experimental parameters in studies using SCI animal models to evaluate tissue engineering treatments should be carefully considered to match the purpose of the study. Biomaterials that have functional modifications or are applied in combination with cells and biomolecules can be effective in creating a permissive environment for SCI repair in preclinical animal models.

9.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 7425397, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33313317

RESUMO

Objective: The field of single-cell analysis has rapidly grown worldwide, and a bibliometric analysis and visualization of data and publications pertaining to such single-cell research has the potential to offer insights into the development of this field over the past two decades while also highlighting future avenues of research. Methods: Single-cell analysis-related studies published from 2000-2019 were identified through searches of the Web of Science, Scopus, and PubMed databases, and corresponding bibliometric data were systematically compiled. Extracted data from each study included author names, country of origin, and affiliations. GraphPad Prism was used to analyze these data, while VOSviewer was used to perform global analyses of bibliographic coupling, coauthorship, cocitation, and co-occurrence. Results: In total, 4,071 relevant studies were included in this analysis. The number of publications increased substantially with time, suggesting that single-cell analyses are becoming increasingly more prevalent in recent years. Studies from the USA had the greatest impact in this field, with higher H-index values and numbers of citations relative to other countries, whereas Israel exhibited the highest average number of citations per publication. Bibliographic coupling, coauthorship, cocitation, and co-occurrence analyses revealed that Analytical Chemistry was associated with the highest number of publications in this field, and the University of Stanford contributed the most to this field. The most cited study included in this analysis was published by Macosko et al. in 2015 in Cell. Co-occurrence analyses revealed that the most common single-cell research topics included "mechanistic studies," "in vitro studies," "in vivo studies," and "fabrication studies." Conclusions: Single-cell analyses are a rapidly growing area of scientific interest, and higher volumes of publications in this field are expected in the coming years, particularly for studies conducting fabrication and in vivo single-cell analyses.

10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(50): 55659-55674, 2020 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33327053

RESUMO

Diabetic skin ulcer is one of the severe complications of diabetes mellitus, which has a high incidence and may cause death or disability. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is widely used in the treatment of diabetic wounds due to the effect of growth factors (GFs) derived from it. However, the relatively short half-life of GFs limits their applications in clinics. In addition, the presence of a large amount of proteases in the diabetic wound microenvironment results in the degradation of GFs, which further impedes angiogenesis and diabetic wound healing. In our study, we fabricated a self-healing and injectable hydrogel with a composite of chitosan, silk fibroin, and PRP (CBPGCTS-SF@PRP) for promoting diabetic wound healing. CBPGCTS-SF@PRP could protect PRP from enzymatic hydrolysis, release PRP sustainably, and enhance the chemotaxis of mesenchymal stem cells. The results showed that it could promote the proliferation of repair cells in vitro. Moreover, it could enhance wound healing by expediting collagen deposition, angiogenesis, and nerve repair in a type 2 diabetic rat model and a rat skin defect model. We hope that this study will offer a new treatment for diabetic nonhealing wounds in clinics.

11.
Sens Actuators B Chem ; : 129196, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33230369

RESUMO

The accurate and rapid screening of serum antibodies against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the key to control the spread of 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19). In this study, we reported a surface-enhanced Raman scattering-based lateral flow immunoassay (SERS-LFIA) for the simultaneous detection of anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgM/IgG with high sensitivity. Novel SERS tags labeled with dual layers of Raman dye were fabricated by coating a complete Ag shell on SiO2 core (SiO2@Ag) and exhibited excellent SERS signals, good monodispersity, and high stability. Anti-human IgM and IgG were immobilized onto the two test lines of the strip to capture the formed SiO2@Ag-spike (S) protein-anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgM/IgG immunocomplexes. The SERS signal intensities of the IgM and IgG test zones were easily recorded by a portable Raman instrument and used for the high-sensitivity analysis of target IgM and IgG. The limit of detection of SERS-LFIA was 800 times higher than that of standard Au nanoparticle-based LFIA for target IgM and IgG. The SERS-LFIA biosensor was tested on 19 positive serum samples from COVID-19 patients and 49 negative serum samples from healthy people to demonstrate the clinical feasibility of our proposed assay. The results revealed that the proposed method exhibited high accuracy and specificity for patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection.

12.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 19453, 2020 11 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33173202

RESUMO

CD1d-dependent type I NKT cells, which are activated by lipid antigen, are known to play important roles in innate and adaptive immunity, as are a portion of type II NKT cells. However, the heterogeneity of NKT cells, especially NKT-like cells, remains largely unknown. Here, we report the profiling of NKT (NK1.1+CD3e+) cells in livers from wild type (WT), Jα18-deficient and CD1d-deficient mice by single-cell RNA sequencing. Unbiased transcriptional clustering revealed distinct cell subsets. The transcriptomic profiles identified the well-known CD1d-dependent NKT cells and defined two CD1d-independent NKT cell subsets. In addition, validation of marker genes revealed the differential organ distribution and landscape of NKT cell subsets during liver tumor progression. More importantly, we found that CD1d-independent Sca-1-CD62L+ NKT cells showed a strong ability to secrete IFN-γ after costimulation with IL-2, IL-12 and IL-18 in vitro. Collectively, our findings provide a comprehensive characterization of NKT cell heterogeneity and unveil a previously undefined functional NKT cell subset.

13.
Anal Chem ; 92(23): 15542-15549, 2020 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33207872

RESUMO

A rapid and accurate method for detection of virus (SARS-CoV-2)-specific antibodies is important to contain the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak, which is still urgently needed. Here, we develop a colorimetric-fluorescent dual-mode lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) biosensor for rapid, sensitive, and simultaneous detection of SARS-CoV-2-specific IgM and IgG in human serum using spike (S) protein-conjugated SiO2@Au@QD nanobeads (NBs) as labels. The assay only needs 1 µL of the serum sample, can be completed within 15 min, and is 100 times more sensitive than the colloidal gold-based LFIA. Two detection modes of our biosensor are available: the colorimetric mode for rapid screening of the patients with suspected SARS-CoV-2 infection without any special instrument and the fluorescent mode for sensitive and quantitative analyses to determine the concentrations of specific IgM/IgG in human serum and detect the infection early and precisely. We validated the proposed method using 16 positive serum samples from patients with COVID-19 and 41 negative samples from patients with other viral respiratory infections. The results demonstrated that combined detection of virus-specific IgM and IgG via SiO2@Au@QD LFIA can identify 100% of patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection with 100% specificity.

14.
Indian J Orthop ; 54(6): 795-804, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33133402

RESUMO

Background: Hip hemiarthroplasty (HA) is a standard surgical procedure for elderly patients with displaced fracture of the femoral neck, where dislocation is a possible complication. This study is a systematic review on the risk factors of implant dislocation in patients with femoral neck fracture following hip hemiarthroplasty (HA), and evaluates the methodological quality of the included studies. Methods: Studies on risk factor assessment of dislocation following hip HA were sourced from EMBASE, Ovid, PubMed and ScienceDirect databases. The quality of included studies was evaluated using an improved quality evaluation method combined with a best-evidence synthesis method. Results: A total of 130,127 patients were involved in 17 observational studies included in this systematic review, with a dislocation rate that ranged between 0.76 and 12.2% (overall incidence was 4-5% by meta-analysis). According to the applied quality evaluation criteria, eight studies were considered to be of high quality, six to be of medium quality, and three to be of low quality. The posterolateral surgical approach was identified as the only risk factor supported by strong evidence, while patients with small acetabular coverage and low postoperative offset were identified as risk factors supported by moderate evidence, and 11 other risk factors were supported by limited evidence. Conclusion: This systematic review provides some evidence in helping surgeons develop optimal prevention strategies for dislocation following hip HA during the perioperative period based on common risk factors identified in the literature. However, conclusive evidence supporting most of these risk factors is lacking and more methodologically rigorous studies are required to increase the confidence of recommendations.

15.
Poult Sci ; 99(12): 6378-6389, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33248553

RESUMO

The liver is the central organ for metabolism and influence the growth and development of the animals. To date, little is known about the microRNA (miRNA) in pigeon livers, particularly in different developmental stages. A comprehensive investigation into miRNA transcriptomes in livers across 3 pigeon developmental stages (1, 14, 28 d old) and an adult stage (2 y old) was performed by small RNA sequencing. We identified 312 known miRNA, 433 conserved miRNA, and 192 novel miRNA in pigeon livers. A set of differentially expressed (DE) miRNA in livers were screened out during pigeon development. This set of miRNA might be involved in hepatospecific phenotype and liver development. A Short Time-series Expression Miner analysis indicated significant expression variations in DE miRNA during liver development of pigeons. These DE miRNA with different expression patterns might play essential roles in response to growth factor, cell morphogenesis, and gland development, etc. Protein-protein interaction network and Molecular Complex Detection analysis identified several vital target genes (e.g., TNRC6B, FRS2, PTCH1, etc.) of DE miRNA, which is closely linked in liver development and enriched in PI3K cascade and regulation of growth. Our results expanded the repertoire of pigeon miRNA and may be of help in better understanding the mechanism of squab's rapid development from the perspective of liver development.

16.
Magn Reson Imaging ; 76: 79-86, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33242591

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of parameters derived from the histogram analysis of precontrast, 10-min hepatobiliary phase (HBP) and 20-min HBP T1 maps for staging liver fibrosis (LF). METHODS: LF was induced in New Zealand white rabbits by subcutaneous injections of carbon tetrachloride for 4-16 weeks (n = 120), and 20 rabbits injected with saline served as controls. Precontrast, 10-min and 20-min HBP modified Look-Locker inversion recovery (MOLLI) T1 mapping was performed. Histogram analysis of T1 maps was performed, and the mean, median, skewness, kurtosis, entropy, inhomogeneity and 10th/25th/75th/90th percentiles of T1native, T110min and T120min were derived. Quantitative histogram parameters were compared. For significant parameters, further receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses were performed to evaluate the potential diagnostic performance in differentiating LF stages. RESULTS: Finally, 17, 20, 21, 21 and 20 rabbits were included for the F0, F1, F2, F3, and F4 pathological grades of fibrosis, respectively. The mean/75th of T1native, entropy of T110min and entropy/mean/median/10th of T120min demonstrated a significant good correlation with the LF stage (|r| = 0.543-0.866, all P < 0.05). The 75th of T1native, entropy10min, and entropy20min were the three most reliable imaging markers in reflecting the stage of LF. The area under the ROC curve of entropy20min was larger than that of entropy10min (P < 0.05 for LF ≥ F2, ≥F3, and ≥ F4) and the 75th of T1native (P < 0.05 for LF ≥ F2 and ≥ F3) for staging LF. CONCLUSION: Magnetic resonance histogram analysis of T1 maps, particularly the entropy derived from 20-min HBP T1 mapping, is promising for predicting the LF stage.

17.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 14712, 2020 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895461

RESUMO

To evaluate the clinical efficacy of single- and double- bundle individualized anatomic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, we retrospectively analyzed the data and charts of 920 patients with ACL rupture who received individualized anatomic ACL reconstruction surgery at our center. All of the patients underwent arthroscopic ACL reconstruction with autologous hamstring tendons. The patients were divided into two groups: the single-bundle individualized anatomic reconstruction group (N = 539), and the double-bundle individualized anatomic reconstruction group (N = 381). The IKDC, Lysholm and Tegner scores were used to subjectively evaluate the function of the knee joint during the postoperative follow-up. The Lachman test, pivot shift test and KT-3000 were used to objectively evaluate the stability of the knee. All 920 patients participated in clinical follow-up (average duration: 27.91 ± 3.61 months) achieved satisfied outcomes with few complications. The postoperative IKDC, Lysholm and Tegner scores, and the objective evaluation of knee joint stability were significantly improved compared to the preoperative status in both groups (P < 0.05). No statistically significant difference was observed between the two groups at the final follow-up (P > 0.05). Therefore, no difference in terms of the IKDC, Lysholm and Tegner score, or KT-3000 was observed between the individualized anatomic single- and double-bundle ACL reconstruction techniques. Both techniques can be used to restore the stability and functionality of the knee joint with satisfactory short-term efficacy.

18.
Chin J Acad Radiol ; : 1-5, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32984763

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) that occurred in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, has been declared a public health emergency of international concern and a pandemic by the World Health Organization. The Chinese government has temporarily taken strong response measures and effective procedures to stop the further expansion and development of the epidemic. It is important for clinicians to screen, diagnose, and monitor COVID-19.

19.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(17): 17738-17753, 2020 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32920547

RESUMO

Aging is associated with neurological impairment and cognitive decline. Flavonoids are very promising in anti-aging research in mouse models. Ribes meyeri anthocyanins are rich in abundant flavonoids, but their anti-aging biological activities remain unknown. In this study, we prepared an R. meyeri anthocyanin extract and analyzed its effects on neural stem cell (NSC) senescence in vivo and in vitro. We isolated mouse NSCs and used cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), cell cycle, reactive oxygen species (ROS), and immunofluorescence methods to analyze the anti-aging effects of R. meyeri anthocyanins as well as naringenin (Nar), which metabolic analysis revealed as an important flavonoid in R. meyeri anthocyanins. RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) and enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay (ELISA) methods were also used to investigate Nar-specific mechanisms of anti-aging. After R. meyeri anthocyanin treatment, NSC proliferation accelerated, and NSCs had decreased senescence markers, and reduced P16ink4a expression. R. meyeri anthocyanin treatment also reversed age-dependent neuronal loss in vivo and in vitro. Nar blocked mNSC aging in vitro and improved spatial memory and cognitive abilities in aging mice through downregulation of plasma TNF-α protein. These findings suggest that R. meyeri anthocyanins increase NSC proliferation and improve neurogenesis with aging via Nar-induced reductions in TNF-α protein levels in vivo.

20.
Mikrochim Acta ; 187(10): 570, 2020 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32939582

RESUMO

An on-site detection strategy is reported based on dual-color SiO2@quantum dot (QD)-integrated lateral flow immunoassay (LFA) strip to realize the quantitative and simultaneous detection of C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) in serum. The dual-color SiO2@QD nanotags with monodispersity and excellent luminescence were synthesized using polyethyleneimine-mediated electrostatic adsorption of dense red CdSe/ZnS-COOH (excitation/emission 365/625 nm) or green CdSe/ZnS-COOH (excitation/emission 365/525 nm) QDs on the surface of 180 nm SiO2 spheres and were conjugated with anti-PCT and anti-CRP monoclonal antibodies, as stable and fluorescent-enhanced QD nanotags in the LFA system. The use of SiO2@QDs with two different fluorescent signals caused the sensitivity and specificity of the multiplex LFA system. As a result, the proposed assay provided a wide logarithmic determination range with a CRP quantitative range of 0.5-103 ng/mL and PCT quantitative range of 0.05-103 ng/mL. The limits of detection (LODs) of CRP and PCT reached 0.5 and 0.05 ng/mL, respectively. The SiO2@QD-based LFA showed great potential as rapid detection tool for the simultaneous monitoring of CRP and PCT in serum sample.

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