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1.
Curr Alzheimer Res ; 2020 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32183676

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Previous case-control studies have focused on the relationship between ALDH2 gene polymorphism and late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD), but no definite unified conclusion has been reached. Therefore, the correlation between ALDH2 Glu504Lys polymorphism and LOAD remains controversial. To analyze the correlation between ALDH2 polymorphism and the risk of LOAD, we implemented this up-to-date meta-analysis to assess the probable association. METHODS: Studies were searched through China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), VIP Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals, China Biology Medicine, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Clinical- Trials.gov, Embase, and MEDLINE from January 1, 1994 to December 31, 2018, without any restrictions on language and ethnicity. RESULTS: Five studies of 1057 LOAD patients and 1136 healthy controls met our criteria for the analysis. Statistically, the ALDH2 GA/AA genotype was not linked with raising LOAD risk (odds ratio (OR) = 1.48, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.96-2.28, p = 0.07). In subgroup analysis, the phenomenon that men with ALDH2*2 had higher risk for LOAD (OR = 1.72, 95%CI = 1.10-2.67, p = 0.02) was observed. CONCLUSIONS: This study comprehends only five existing case-control studies, and the result is negative. The positive trend might appear when the sample size is enlarged. In the future, more large-scale casecontrol or cohort studies should be done to enhance the association between ALDH2 polymorphism and AD or other neurodegenerative diseases.

3.
BMC Urol ; 20(1): 30, 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32188429

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of transurethral thulium laser en bloc resection of the bladder tumor (TmLRBT) in patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) and to investigate whether a second resection can be avoided. METHODS: From June 2012 to June 2018, 251 newly diagnosed patients with NMIBC were enrolled in this retrospective study; all patients received regular administration of pirarubicin after the initial resection. A second transurethral resection (TUR) was performed in patients within 2-6 weeks after the initial TmLRBT in group 1. Patients in group 2 only underwent cystoscopy at 3 months. RESULTS: Second surgery results indicate that recurrence was detected histopathologically in 6/108 and 11/143 patients in group 1 and 2, respectively (P = 0.52); Progression was observed in 2 patients in each group (P = 0.34). The mean follow-up duration was 40.1 months, with no significant difference between the groups (P = 0.32). Recurrence was observed in 23 (21.3%) and 39 (27.3%) patients in groups 1 and 2 during the follow-up, respectively (P = 0.34); disease progression occurred in 4 (3.8%) patients in group 1 compared with 7 (4.0%) in group 2 (P = 0.20). CONCLUSION: Complete removal of tumors can be achieved by TmLRBT. This technique may decrease the number of second TURs.

4.
Vaccine ; 38(14): 2913-2924, 2020 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32127225

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: CD4+ T cells are essential for inducing optimal CD8+ T cell and antibody-producing B cell responses and maintaining their long-term immunological memory. Therefore, CD4+ T cells are a critical component in HIV vaccine development. Due to enormous viral gene variation and significant human host genetic diversity, HIV vaccines may need to be custom-made for different countries. METHODS: Previously, we designed a CD4+ T cell vaccine based on Chinese HIV isolates and HLA-DR alleles using bioinformatics tools and predicted that 20 epitopes could cover 98.1% of the Chinese population. In vivo testing of the poly-epitope antigen in mice only activated specific T cells for some epitopes. To elucidate the mechanism of the observed differential immunogenicity, we examined poly-epitope antigen processing and presentation using in vitro and in vivo analytical methods. RESULTS: Enzymatic digestion indicated that all 20 epitopes comprising the poly-epitope antigen could be liberated, but MHC II binding assays showed that neither binding affinity nor dissociation rate was associated with the magnitude of T cell immune responses elicited by each peptide epitope in vaccinated mice. Mass spectrometry analysis of MHC II-bound peptides suggested that the abundance of endogenously processed peptides bound to MHC II molecules was significantly associated with the relative immunodominance of these epitopes. CONCLUSION: These results provide a new rationale for improving the design and testing of poly-epitope vaccines for HIV and other diseases.

5.
Nano Lett ; 2020 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32092276

RESUMO

We demonstrated a bioelectronic heart-on-a-chip model for studying the effects of acute hypoxia on cardiac function. A microfluidic channel enabled rapid modulation of medium oxygenation, which mimicked the regimes induced by a temporary coronary occlusion and reversibly activated hypoxia-related transduction pathways in HL-1 cardiac model cells. Extracellular bioelectronics provided continuous readouts demonstrating that hypoxic cells experienced an initial period of tachycardia followed by a reduction in beat rate and eventually arrhythmia. Intracellular bioelectronics consisting of Pt nanopillars temporarily entered the cytosol following electroporation, yielding action potential (AP)-like readouts. We found that APs narrowed during hypoxia, consistent with proposed mechanisms by which oxygen deficits activate ATP-dependent K+ channels that promote membrane repolarization. Significantly, both extra- and intracellular devices could be multiplexed, enabling mapping capabilities unachievable by other electrophysiological tools. Our platform represents a significant advance toward understanding electrophysiological responses to hypoxia and could be applicable to disease modeling and drug development.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32090546

RESUMO

Oxygen defect-rich iron oxide (ODFO) nanoparticle catalyst on nanocarbon is in situ synthesized with the assistance of multi-ion modulation in one pot. The nanoparticle catalyst is employed to propel electrochemical kinetics in lithium/sulfur batteries. Electrochemical analysis and theoretical simulation evidently verify the critical role of defect sites on catalyzing conversion reactions of sulfur species and reducing energy barriers. As a consequence, the ODFO-enhanced sulfur cathode exhibits a high specific capacity of 1489 mA h g-1 at 0.1 C, an excellent rate performance of 644 mA h g-1 at 10 C, and a superior cycling stability with an average capacity fading rate of as low as 0.055% per cycle under an ultrahigh rate of 10 C. More importantly, even with a high sulfur loading of 11.02 mg cm-2, the Li/S cell can still deliver an areal capacity of 8.7 mA h cm-2 at 0.5 C (9.23 mA cm-2). Such performance is the highest among reported metal oxide-catalyzed sulfur cathodes. This work opens a new route to boosting conversion reaction kinetics by introduction of active oxygen defect sites in electrodes of various emerging ultrafast batteries.

7.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 125: 109864, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007915

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate whether the level of myeloid-derived suppressor cells is related to the complication of sepsis after esophageal cancer surgery and whether changing the myeloid-derived suppressor cells levels can improve the prognosis of patients cancer-related sepsis. METHODS: A total of 178 esophageal cancer patients from Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital were included in this study. Blood samples were taken from the patients for the analysis of the levels of G-MDSCs and M-MDSCs by flow cytometry. The conditions of the patients was recorded. Male C57BL/6 mice were implanted with Lewis lung cancer cells (2 × 106/mice) by subcutaneous injection into the iliac fossa. Three weeks later, we performed CLP in the mice. All-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) was intraperitoneally injected at 20 mg/kg, and the control group was injected with 0.9 % NS. We observed the mortality of the mice with cancer-related sepsis. RESULTS: In all, 95 % of the esophageal cancer patients had a high level of G-MDSCs (>50 %). A high level of G-MDSCs (>82.5 %) can lead to high morbidity from sepsis after surgery. The increase in M-MDSCs was suggestive of a poor prognosis in patients with cancer-related sepsis. ATRA can improve the survival of patients with cancer-related sepsis. CONCLUSIONS: A high level of G-MDSCs can be used to determine the incidence of sepsis in preoperative esophageal cancer patients, M-MDSCs might be effective prognostic indicators for cancer-sepsis patients, and changing the MDSC levels can improve the mortality of patients with cancer-related sepsis.

8.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 82: 106316, 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32088642

RESUMO

Hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) is an effective therapeutic agent that alleviates myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion injury (MIRI), but the exact mechanisms remain elusive. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential protective effect of HSYA against MIRI through mechanisms related to NLRP3 inflammasome regulation. In this study, hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced H9c2 cardiomyocytes were treated with HSYA or the AMPK inhibitor, compound C (CC). Our results showed that HSYA pretreatment improved cardiomyocyte viability, maintained mitochondrial membrane potential, reduced apoptotic cardiomyocytes, decreased caspase-3 activity, and inhibited NOD-like receptor 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome activation during H/R injury. Moreover, the inhibition of AMPK activation by the CC inhibitor partially abolished the effects of HSYA treatment, including suppressing the upregulation of NLRP3 inflammasome components (NLRP3, caspase-1 and interleukin-1ß) and promoting autophagy (LC3-II/LC3-I and p62). In conclusion, the protective mechanism of HSYA in H/R-induced cardiomyocyte injury is associated with inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome activation through the AMPK signalling pathway.

9.
Gynecol Oncol ; 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32067813

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To develop a transcriptomic signature capable of predicting overall survival (OS) for uterine serous carcinoma (USC). METHODS: RNAseq data for 58 USC patients were obtained from TCGA. Expression of 73 candidate genes was measured for 67 Augusta University (AU) samples using NanoString technology. RESULTS: Analysis of the TCGA RNAseq data identified 73 genes that individually predict prognosis for USC patients and an elastic net model with all 73 genes (USC73) distinguishes a good OS group with low USC73 score from a poor OS group with high USC73 score (5-year OS = 83.3% and 13.3% respectively, HR = 40.1; p = 3 × 10-8). This finding was validated in the independent AU cohort (HR = 4.3; p = 0.0004). The poor prognosis group with high USC73 score consists of 37.9% and 32.8% of patients in the TCGA and AU cohort respectively. USC73 score and pathologic stage independently contribute to OS and together provide the best prognostic value. Early stage, low USC73 patients have the best prognosis (5-year OS = 85.1% in the combined dataset), while advanced stage, high USC73 patients have the worst prognosis (5-year OS = 6.4%, HR = 30.5, p = 1.2 × 10-12). Consistent with the observed poor survival, primary cell cultures from high USC73 patients had higher proliferation rate and cell cycle progression; and high USC73 patients had lower rates of complete response to standard therapy. CONCLUSIONS: The USC73 transcriptomic signature and stage independently predict OS of USC patients and the best prediction is achieved using USC73 and stage. USC73 may also serve as a therapeutic biomarker to guide patient care.

10.
Am J Sports Med ; : 363546520902447, 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074471

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of patellar tendon fibrosis caused by overuse remains unclear. In an effort to further investigate effective treatments for patellar tendon fibrosis attributed to overuse, it is necessary to construct a reliable animal model. PURPOSE: A rabbit patellar tendon fibrosis model was developed with the use of electrical stimulation to induce jumping. The pathogenesis and development of patellar tendon fibrosis were subsequently investigated with this model. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS: A total of 32 New Zealand White rabbits were randomly divided into a jumping group and a control group. Rabbits in the control group did not receive any treatment, while those in the jumping group jumped 150 times daily, 5 days per week. At 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks after the initiation of treatment, the patellar tendons of 4 rabbits from each group were harvested and subjected to hematoxylin and eosin staining, immunohistochemical staining, and real-time polymerase chain reaction. The influence of jumping training on the expressions of histology- and fibrosis-related factors in the patellar tendon was assessed. RESULTS: The histological changes of patellar tendon fibrosis in the jumping group were most pronounced at 4 weeks. When compared with the control group at corresponding time points, the mRNA and protein expressions of TGF-ß1, CTGF, COL-I, and COL-III were upregulated significantly in the patellar tendon after jumping training for 4 weeks (P < .05). Intragroup comparison at different time points indicated that the mRNA and protein expressions of TGF-ß1, COL-I, and COL-III were the highest at 4 weeks in the jumping group (P < .01). CONCLUSION: It was found that patellar tendon fibrosis occurred because of overuse and the peak changes occurred at 4 weeks. Jumping load increased the secretions of TGF-ß1 and Smad3 in the patellar tendon, with CTGF upregulation and higher synthesis of COL-I and COL-III, which were considered the pathogenesis of fibrosis. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This study simulated the effects of jumping load on tendon fibrosis at different time points. Moreover, the time course relationship between jumping training and patellar tendon fibrosis in the rabbit model was determined, which provided a new animal model for the study of patellar tendon fibrosis.

11.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 77(5): 835-851, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901947

RESUMO

Lipocalins are a family of secreted adipokines which play important roles in various biological processes. Lipocalin-2 (LCN-2) has been shown to be involved in acute and chronic inflammation. This particular protein is critical in the pathogenesis of several diseases including cancer, diabetes, obesity, and multiple sclerosis. Herein, we discuss the general molecular basis for the involvement of LCN-2 in acute infections and chronic disease progression and also ascertain the probable role of LCN-2 in ocular diseases, particularly in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). We elaborate on the signaling cascades which trigger LCN-2 upregulation in AMD and suggest therapeutic strategies for targeting such pathways.


Assuntos
Lipocalina-2/genética , Lipocalina-2/metabolismo , Degeneração Macular/genética , Degeneração Macular/patologia , Transtornos da Visão/genética , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Inflamação/patologia , Camundongos , Retina/patologia , Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina/patologia , Transdução de Sinais , Transtornos da Visão/patologia
12.
J Vasc Res ; : 1-10, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31968349

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus (DM)-induced impairment of collateral formation has been demonstrated in subjects with coronary artery disease, which contributes to unfavorable prognosis among diabetic individuals. In our previous studies, thioredoxin1 (Trx1) activity was shown to be decreased in diabetic cardiac tissues, but the reason of Trx1 inactivation and whether it mediates the impaired angiogenesis in ischemic myocardium is still to be identified. As thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP), an endogenous inhibitor of Trx, is overexpressed in DM due to carbohydrate response element within its promoter, we hypothesized that inhibition of Trx1 by enhanced TXNIP expression in endothelial cells may play a role in hyperglycemia-induced impairment of angiogenesis. In the present study, we found that high glucose-mediated increase of TXNIP expression and TXNIP-Trx1 interaction induced the impairment in endothelial cell function and survival, since these detrimental effects are rescued by silencing TXNIP with small interfering RNA. In diabetic mice, TXNIP knockdown or recombinant human Trx1 treatment counteracted the impairment of angiogenesis, alleviated myocardial ischemic injury, and improved survival rate. All these data implicate that TXNIP upregulation and subsequently the increased formation of TXNIP-Trx1 complex is a novel pathologic pathway by which DM induces insufficient angiogenesis and thereby exacerbates myocardial ischemia injury.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31944966

RESUMO

The vast quantity of information brought by big data as well as the evolving computer hardware encourages success stories in the machine learning community. In the meanwhile, it poses challenges for the Gaussian process regression (GPR), a well-known nonparametric, and interpretable Bayesian model, which suffers from cubic complexity to data size. To improve the scalability while retaining desirable prediction quality, a variety of scalable GPs have been presented. However, they have not yet been comprehensively reviewed and analyzed to be well understood by both academia and industry. The review of scalable GPs in the GP community is timely and important due to the explosion of data size. To this end, this article is devoted to reviewing state-of-the-art scalable GPs involving two main categories: global approximations that distillate the entire data and local approximations that divide the data for subspace learning. Particularly, for global approximations, we mainly focus on sparse approximations comprising prior approximations that modify the prior but perform exact inference, posterior approximations that retain exact prior but perform approximate inference, and structured sparse approximations that exploit specific structures in kernel matrix; for local approximations, we highlight the mixture/product of experts that conducts model averaging from multiple local experts to boost predictions. To present a complete review, recent advances for improving the scalability and capability of scalable GPs are reviewed. Finally, the extensions and open issues of scalable GPs in various scenarios are reviewed and discussed to inspire novel ideas for future research avenues.

14.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 189: 110052, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31830606

RESUMO

In the kidney, disturbance of calcium homeostasis can cause renal hemodynamic changes, leading to glomerulonephritis, tubular damage and renal vascular disease, and thus promotes the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Cadmium (Cd) is a toxic heavy metals proved to induce disturbances of calcium homeostasis and nephrotoxicity. Calcium sensing receptor (CaSR) is abundantly expressed in the kidney and plays an important role in maintaining body calcium homeostasis. Our previous study suggested that the activation of CaSR could act as a protective pathway to reduce Cd-induced cytotoxicity in renal proximal tubular cells. However, its application in animal models, its treatment efficacy and underlying mechanisms are still unclear. Therefore, an in vivo animal model (ICR male mouse, n = 5) subjected to Cd-induced nephrotoxicity was used in this study. In the present study, the results indicated that long-term (4 weeks) but not short-term (7 days) Cd exposure induced kidney injury, including induced glomerular atrophy, renal proximal tubule damage, increased malondialdehyde (MDA) level, elevated urine protein quantity, and upregulated kidney injury molecule 1 (KIM-1). It was further observed that chronic Cd exposure induced inhibition of autophagy flux, which triggered kidney apoptosis and injury. However, NPS R-467 restored Cd-inhibited autophagy flux and reduced Cd-induced kidney apoptosis and injury. Finding from this study indicated that activation of CaSR in prevention from nephrotoxicity and kidney injury caused by Cd, which might be helpful for the treatment of clinical CKD.

15.
ACS Sens ; 5(1): 171-179, 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31885255

RESUMO

The assessment of the petroleum product quality often involves multiple indicators, among which water content and acid value are two major parameters. The complexity of an oil sample and the narrow space in pipeline transport make it difficult to monitor the oil quality in real-time. Considering the practical requirements, a new type of flexible microstrip sensor is proposed in this work. The shape and line width of the microstrip sensor are studied and optimized by theory and experiments. The proposed square spiral-based microstrip sensor has good water content detection resolution at high frequencies with less acid interference, and it can determine the acid value in the low-frequency band. The sensor surface is further passivated, protecting it from direct contact with the oil sample to enhance the electrochemical robustness, and still achieves good detection linearity and high sensitivity. After encapsulation on a flexible substrate, the proposed microstrip sensor realized the non-contact determination of the water content and acid value of oil at the same time, which is only a few millimeters in size and can conform to various tubing wall shapes. Due to the fact that the manufacture of the sensor is CMOS-compatible, we expect it to be readily applied to many other miniaturized chemical-sensing applications.

16.
Plant Sci ; 290: 110293, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31779893

RESUMO

Class I TGA transcription factors (TFs) are known to participate in plant resistance responses, however, their regulatory functions in the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites were rarely revealed. In this study, a class I TGA TF, TwTGA1, from Tripterygium wilfordii Hook.f. was cloned and characterized. Overexpression of TwTGA1 in T. wilfordii Hook.f. cells increased the production of triptolide and two sesquiterpene pyridine alkaloids, which was further enhanced by methyl jasmonate (MeJA) treatment. RNA interference of TwTGA1 showed no significant effects on the production of these metabolites, indicating the existence of other TGA partner(s) with overlapping functions. Heterologous expression of TwTGA1 in tobacco By-2 cells promoted the biosynthesis of pyridine alkaloids. Under the elicitation of MeJA, the contents of nonpyrrolidine alkaloids further increased but not for nicotine. TwTGA1 could induce the expression of Putrescine N-methyltransferase (PMT) and N-methylputrescine oxidase 1 (MPO1) through binding to their promoters. Finally, transient expression of TwTGA1 in leaves of Catharanthus roseus changed both the profiles of vinca alkaloids (increased contents of serpentine and catharanthine, but decreased that of vinblastine) and the expressions of biosynthesis-related genes. The metabolic and transcriptional data indicated a relationship between jasmonic acid signaling pathway and the functions of TwTGA1.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Tripterygium/genética , Alcaloides/biossíntese , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Catharanthus/metabolismo , Diterpenos/metabolismo , Compostos de Epóxi/metabolismo , Fenantrenos/metabolismo , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo , Metabolismo Secundário , Alinhamento de Sequência , Fatores de Transcrição/química , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Tripterygium/metabolismo
17.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(1): 460-468, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854949

RESUMO

The effects of a single application of three amendments (biochar, lignite, and chicken manure) on the fraction transformations of soil Cd and Ni and uptake by winter wheat are reported to provide reference for passivation and the remediation of heavy metals in soil. Field experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of different passivators on the forms of Cd and Ni in soils at different growth stages of winter wheat, and to analyze the contents of Cd and Ni in different organs of wheat. The results showed that biochar increased soil pH and that lignite reduced soil pH, but not significantly. Chicken manure significantly reduced soil pH at booting and mature stages, and decreased by 0.23 and 0.20 pH units, respectively. The single application of biochar, chicken manure, or lignite did not reduce the exchangeable Ni content significantly, whereas the effect on the exchangeable Cd was significant. Lignite 2% treatment had the greatest decrease in exchangeable Cd at different growth stages of wheat, which were 30.50%, 43.34%, and 31.20%, respectively. The contents of Cd and Ni in the shoots and underground parts of wheat decreased to some extent, and the extent of these decreases increased with the increase of passivator dosage. The decrease of Cd content in wheat roots was the largest under the treatment of lignite 2% at different growth stages, reaching 38.35%, 58.00%, and 50.20% respectively. The greatest decline of Ni content in wheat roots occurred in the lignite 2% treatment at the booting (41.33% decline) and mature stages (51.35%). All the three amendments reduced the availability of Cd and Ni in slightly alkaline soil, and the passivation effect on Cd was better than that of Ni. All three amendments also effectively reduced the content of Cd and Ni in different organs of wheat plants in different growth period. The order of decreasing effect of Cd in wheat organs was lignite > biochar > chicken manure at the same dose of these three passivators.

18.
J Chromatogr A ; : 460755, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31812274

RESUMO

Ultra-performance convergence chromatography (UPC2), which combines the advantages of both reversed phase liquid chromatography (RPLC) and gas chromatograph (GC), is a novel, eco-friendly analytical method and could be a powerful supplement for RPLC and GC. Based on these characteristics, an UPC2 method was developed for the chemical analysis of Gaoben medicinal materials including six batches of Ligusticum sinense, six batches of Ligusticum jeholense and six batches of Conioselinum vaginatum and compared with the results by ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) method at the same time. Six compounds were determined by UPC2 method, and eight compounds were quantitatively analyzed by UPLC method. Hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) and principle component analysis (PCA) methods were used to elucidate the resemblance relationship among these 18 samples. The results showed the samples from same species analyzed by UPC2 method were grouped together respectively. However, UPLC method could not distinguish these three kinds of Gaoben medicinal materials effectively. The compounds determined by UPC2 method showed the chemical taxonomic significance than those of UPLC method, and were more suitable for chemical quality evaluation of Gaoben medicinal materials from different regions. This showed good complementarity between UPC2 and UPLC methods. And the UPC2 method might provide a more efficient analytical method for the chemical quality evaluation of medicinal materials rich in volatile oils, which would be a powerful supplement to the current quality evaluation.

19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(20): 4405-4411, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872625

RESUMO

The application of chemical fingerprint to evaluate the quality of traditional Chinese medicine has been widely accepted and used in many countries. However,only by analyzing the type and content of its chemical components to evaluate the quality of traditional Chinese medicines,the gold standard of quality evaluation by evaluating pharmacodynamic effects is ignored. The study of Chinese medicinal spectrum-effect relationships combining the chemical composition with the pharmacodynamic activity of traditional Chinese medicine,which can evaluate the quality of traditional Chinese medicine from more comprehensive and different angles,has been applied in many fields of traditional Chinese medicine research. This paper mainly summarizes the research methods of the Chinese medicinal spectrum-effect relationships and its application in the field of traditional Chinese medicine study,and provides reference for the research,development and application of the Chinese medicinal spectrum-effect relationships.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Registros , Projetos de Pesquisa
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(18): 4053-4059, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872745

RESUMO

Nanwuweizi( Schisandrae Sphenantherae Fructus) and Wuweizi( Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus) have long-term history of use as common traditional Chinese medicines since the Eastern Han Dynasty( AD.25-220 year).However their information are always confused in ancient literature because they were both used as " Wuweizi". Nanwuweizi and Wuweizi are faced with problems such as confused distribution of producing areas,unclear source plants and efficacy characteristics,which limit modern resource development and application. Based on ancient literatures of materia medica,this study conducted a systematic review from several aspects,i.e. the name,distribution of producing areas,source plants,efficacy characteristics and processing of the two medicines in ancient time. This study clarified five main aspects,as following,ancient production areas and corresponding modern distribution areas; source plants used for medicinal purposes in ancient time; application period and application scope; efficacy characteristics in clinical application;processing method. This study provides a reference for evaluating the quality and for their clinical application and reasonable development of Nanwuweizi and Wuweizi.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/história , Medicina Herbária/história , Materia Medica , Schisandra , China , História Antiga , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Fitoterapia , Plantas Medicinais
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