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1.
Int J Med Sci ; 18(1): 176-186, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33390786

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to observe the liver function recovery of COVID-19 patients after discharge. Patients and Methods: A total of 253 discharged COVID-19 patients in Shenzhen city, China were selected. The clinical characteristics of these patients were assessed. A 2-month follow-up and laboratory hematology test were performed to examine the status of patients' liver function. Results: Patients combined with liver diseases, especially fatty liver, are more likely to progress to severe condition (P<0.05). Patients in severe condition and those with liver diseases have higher rates of liver injuries during hospitalization, characterized by a significant increase in alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST, P<0.01). The ALT, AST/ALT, gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), total protein (TP), albumin (ALB), and A/G levels showed significant differences in comparison with the control group (P<0.05, and P<0.001); and the outlier ratio of A/G, ALT, GGT and ALP of patients remained abnormal higher within 14 days after discharge (P<0.001). Liver injuries of COVID-19 patients may be related to the epidemiological characteristics, clinical indexes, basic diseases, symptoms, drug treatment during hospitalization and the complications. Indicators of liver function were correlated with cardiac function, renal function, thyroid function, lipid metabolism, glucose metabolism, immune index, leukocyte, erythrocyte, hemoglobin and platelet related indexes. The outlier ratio of TP, ALB and GLB remained extremely low throughout the follow-up period; the outlier ratio of ALT, AST and GGT decreased below 10% from a high level at 40 days after discharged. However, the outlier ratio of A/G, AST/ALT and ALP remained high during the follow-up period. Conclusions: Abnormal liver function might indicate worse recovery of COVID-19 patients. Changes in liver function should be emphasized during long-term follow-up of COVID-19 patients after hospital discharge; the necessity of employing appropriate interventions for liver function repair should be emphasized.


Assuntos
/complicações , Insuficiência Hepática/virologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Testes de Função Hepática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Adulto Jovem
2.
Int J Med Sci ; 18(2): 347-355, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33390803

RESUMO

Objectives: Research on recovering COVID-19 patients could be helpful for containing the pandemic and developing vaccines, but we still do not know much about the clinical features, recovery process, and antibody reactions during the recovery period. Methods: We retrospectively analysed the epidemiological information, discharge summaries, and laboratory results of 324 patients. Results: In all, 15 (8.62%) patients experienced chest distress/breath shortness, where 8 of the 15 were severely ill. This means severely ill patients need an extended amount of time to recover after discharge; next, 20 (11.49%) patients experienced anxiety and 21 (12.07%) had headache/insomnia and a small fraction of them complained of anosmia/ageusia, indicating that these patients need treatment for mental and psychological health issues. Regarding the re-positive patients, their CT and laboratory test results showed no obvious evidence of illness progress or infectivity but a high anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody expression. Conclusion: Recovered COVID-19 patients need psychological and physiological care and treatment, re-positivity can occur in any person, but juveniles, females, and patients with mild/moderate existing symptoms have higher rates of re-positivity, While there is no evidence that turning re-positive has an impact on their infectivity, but it still alerted us that we need differentiate them in the following managements.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ageusia , /reabilitação , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
3.
EBioMedicine ; 63: 103193, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33421944

RESUMO

The BMI1 protein, a member of the PRC1 family, is a well recognised transcriptional suppressor and has the capability of maintaining the self-renewal and proliferation of tissue-specific stem cells. Numerous studies have established that BMI1 is highly expressed in a variety of malignant cancers and serves as a key regulator in the tumorigenesis process. However, our understanding of BMI1 in terminally differentiated organs, such as the heart, is relatively nascent. Importantly, emerging data support that, beyond the tumor, BMI1 is also expressed in the heart tissue and indeed exerts profound effects in various cardiac pathological conditions. This review gives a summary of the novel functions of BMI1 in the heart, including BMI1-positive cardiac stem cells and BMI1-mediated signaling pathways, which are involved in the response to various cardiac pathological stimuli. Besides, we summarize the recent progress of BMI1 in some novel and rapidly developing cardiovascular therapies. Furtherly, we highlight the properties of BMI1, a therapeutic target proved effective in cancer treatment, as a promising target to alleviate cardiovascular diseases.

4.
Int J Med Sci ; 18(3): 646-651, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33437199

RESUMO

Objectives: A significant proportion of discharged COVID-19 patients still have some symptoms. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has played an important role in the treatment of COVID-19, but whether it is helpful for discharged patients is still unknown. The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyze the impacts of TCM treatment on the convalescents of COVID-19. Methods: A total of 372 COVID-19 convalescents from February 21 to May 3 in Shenzhen, China were retrospectively analyzed, 291 of them accepted clinically examined at least once and 191 convalescents accepted TCM. Results: After retrospective analysis of the clinical data of convalescents accepted TCM treatment or not, we found that the white blood cell count, as well as serum interleukin-6 and procalcitonin decreased in TCM group. Serum γ-glutamyl transpeptidase was significantly decreased, while prealbumin and albumin increased in TCM group. Red blood cell, hemoglobin, and platelet count increased in TCM group. The mechanisms of TCM treatment might be the overall regulations, including balanced immune response, improved hematopoiesis and coagulation systems, enhanced functions of liver and heart, increased nutrient intake and lipid metabolism. Conclusions: This study suggested that TCM treatment would be beneficial for discharged COVID-19 patients. However, long-term medical observation and further study with randomized trial should be done to confirm this result. Besides, the potential molecular mechanisms of TCM treatment should be further revealed.


Assuntos
/reabilitação , Convalescença , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , /sangue , Hospitais de Isolamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Mol Med (Berl) ; 2020 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130927

RESUMO

Macrophages are integral components of the mammalian heart that show extensive expansion in response to various internal or external stimuli. After the onset of sustained pressure overload (PO), the accumulation of cardiac macrophages through local macrophage proliferation and monocyte migration has profound effects on the transition to cardiac hypertrophy and remodeling. In this review, we describe the heterogeneity and diversity of cardiac macrophages and summarize the current understanding of the important roles of macrophages in PO-induced cardiac remodeling. In addition, the possible mechanisms involved in macrophage modulation are also described. Finally, considering the significant effects of cardiac macrophages, we highlight their emerging role as therapeutic targets for alleviating pathological cardiac remodeling after PO.

6.
Oncol Rep ; 44(4): 1596-1604, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32945475

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to explore the antitumor effects of sinoporphyrin sodium (DVDMS)­mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT) and sonodynamic therapy (SDT) in glioma, and to reveal the underlying mechanisms. The uptake of DVDMS by U­118 MG cells was detected by flow cytometry (FCM). A 630­nm semiconductor laser and 1­MHz ultrasound were used to perform PDT and SDT, respectively. Cell proliferation and apoptosis were evaluated using the Cell Counting Kit­8 assay, FCM and Hoechst 33258 staining, respectively. Western blot analysis was used to detect protein expression and phosphorylation levels. BALB/c nude mice were used to establish a xenograft model of U­118 MG cells. DVDMS was injected intravenously and PDT and SDT were performed 24 h later. An in vivo imaging system was used to evaluate the fluorescence of DVDMS, to measure tumor sizes, and to evaluate the therapeutic effects. The uptake of DVDMS by U­118 MG cells was optimal after 4 h. PDT and SDT following DVDMS injection significantly inhibited the proliferation and increased apoptosis of glioma cells in vitro (P<0.05, P<0.01) respectively. In vivo, the fluorescence intensity of DVDMS was lower in the PDT and SDT groups compared with the DVDMS group, while tumor cell proliferation and weight were lower in the PDT and SDT groups than in the control group (P<0.05, P<0.01). However, there was no significant difference when laser, ultrasound or DVDMS were applied individually, compared with the control group. Hematoxylin and eosin staining suggested that both PDT and SDT induced significant apoptosis and vascular obstruction in cancer tissues. DVDMS­mediated PDT and SDT inhibited the expression levels of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and Bcl­xL, increased cleaved ­caspase 3 levels, and decreased the protein phosphorylation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway. Changes in the expression of PCNA, and Bcl­xL and in the levels of cleaved­caspase 3 were partly reversed by N­acetyl­L­cysteine, a reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenger. Similar results were obtained with FCM. DVDMS­mediated PDT and SDT inhibited glioma cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis in vitro and in vivo, potentially by increasing the generation of ROS and affecting protein expression and phosphorylation levels.

7.
Int J Biol Sci ; 16(13): 2414-2429, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32760209

RESUMO

Cardiac remodeling is a common characteristic of almost all forms of heart disease, including cardiac infarction, valvular diseases, hypertension, arrhythmia, dilated cardiomyopathy and other conditions. It is not merely a simple outcome induced by an increase in the workload of cardiomyocytes (CMs). The remodeling process is accompanied by abnormalities of cardiac structure as well as disturbance of cardiac function, and emerging evidence suggests that a wide range of cells in the heart participate in the initiation and development of cardiac remodeling. Other than CMs, there are numerous noncardiomyocytes (non-CMs) that regulate the process of cardiac remodeling, such as cardiac fibroblasts and immune cells (including macrophages, lymphocytes, neutrophils, and mast cells). In this review, we summarize recent knowledge regarding the definition and significant effects of various non-CMs in the pathogenesis of cardiac remodeling, with a particular emphasis on the involved signaling mechanisms. In addition, we discuss the properties of non-CMs, which serve as targets of many cardiovascular drugs that reduce adverse cardiac remodeling.

8.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 11887, 2020 07 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32681141

RESUMO

Recently, the recurrence of positive SARS-CoV-2 viral RNA in recovered COVID-19 patients is receiving more attention. Herein we report a cohort study on the follow-up of 182 recovered patients under medical isolation observation. Twenty (10.99%) patients out of the 182 were detected to be SARS-CoV-2 RNA positive (re-positives), although none showed any clinical symptomatic recurrence, indicating that COVID-19 responds well to treatment. Patients aged under 18 years had higher re-positive rates than average, and none of the severely ill patients re-tested positive. There were no significant differences in sex between re-positives and non-re-positives. Notably, most of the re-positives turned negative in the following tests, and all of them carried antibodies against SARS-CoV-2. This indicates that they might not be infectious, although it is still important to perform regular SARS-CoV-2 RNA testing and follow-up for assessment of infectivity. The findings of this study provide information for improving the management of recovered patients, and for differentiating the follow-up of recovered patients with different risk levels.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/genética , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , RNA Viral/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Infecções por Coronavirus/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/genética , Recidiva , Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
9.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 74: 105701, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31228817

RESUMO

Synovitis is an aseptic inflammation that leads to joint effusion, pain and swelling. As one of the main drivers of pathogenesis in osteoarthritis (OA), the presence of synovitis contributes to pain, incidence and progression of OA. In our previous study, DC32 [(9α,12α-dihydroartemisinyl) bis(2'-chlorocinnmate)], a dihydroartemisinin derivative, was found to have an antirheumatic ability via immunosuppression, but the effect of DC32 on synovitis has not been fully illuminated. In this study, we chose to evaluate the effect and mechanism of DC32 on attenuating synovial inflammation. Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) of papain-induced OA rats were isolated and cultured. And DC32 significantly inhibited the invasion and migration of cultured OA-FLSs, as well as the transcription of IL-6, IL-1ß, CXCL12 and CX3CL1 in cultured OA-FLSs measured by qPCR. DC32 remarkably inhibited the activation of ERK and NF-κB pathway, increased the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 in cultured OA-FLSs detected by western blot. DC32 inhibited the degradation and phosphorylation of IκBα which further prevented the phosphorylation of NF-κB p65 and the effect of DC32 could be relieved by siRNA for Nrf2. In papain-induced OA mice, DC32 significantly alleviated papain-induced mechanical allodynia, knee joint swelling and infiltration of inflammatory cell in synovium. DC32 upregulated the mRNA expression of Type II collagen and aggrecan, and downregulated the mRNA expression of MMP2, MMP3, MMP13 and ADAMTS-5 in the knee joints of papain-induced OA mice measured by qPCR. The level of TNF-α in the serum and secretion of TNF-α in the knee joints were also reduced by DC32 in papain-induced OA mice. In conclusion, DC32 inhibited the inflammatory response in osteoarthritic synovium through regulating Nrf2/NF-κB pathway and attenuated OA. In this way, DC32 may be a potential agent in the treatment of OA.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artemisininas/uso terapêutico , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Membrana Sinovial/imunologia , Sinoviócitos/fisiologia , Animais , Movimento Celular , Células Cultivadas , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais
10.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 20(2): 164-169, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30406641

RESUMO

Non-syndromic hearing loss (NSHL) is a common defect in humans. Variants of MARVELD2 at the DFNB49 locus have been shown to cause bilateral, moderate to profound NSHL. However, the role of MARVELD2 in NSHL susceptibility in the Chinese population has not been studied. Here we conducted a case-control study in an eastern Chinese population to profile the spectrum and frequency of MARVELD2 variants, as well as the association of MARVELD2 gene variants with NSHL. Our results showed that variants identified in the Chinese population are significantly different from those reported in Slovak, Hungarian, and Czech Roma, as well as Pakistani families. We identified 11 variants in a cohort of 283 NSHL cases. Through Sanger sequencing and bioinformatics analysis, we found that c.730G>A variant has detrimental effects in the eastern Chinese population, and may have relatively high correlation with NSHL pathogenicity.


Assuntos
Perda Auditiva/genética , Proteína 2 com Domínio MARVEL/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Biologia Computacional , Humanos
11.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 44(1): 200-214, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29131032

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the anti-psoriasis effects of α-(8-quinolinoxy) zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc-F7)-mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT) and to reveal its mechanisms. METHODS: HaCaT cells were used to observe the influence of ZnPc-F7-PDT on cell proliferation in vitro. The in vivo anti-psoriasis effects of ZnPc-F7-PDT were evaluated using a mouse vagina model, a propranolol-induced cavy psoriasis model and an imiquimod (IMQ)-induced nude mouse psoriasis model. Flow cytometry was carried out to determine T lymphocyte levels. Western blotting was performed to determine protein expression, and a reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction test was performed to determine mRNA expression. RESULTS: The results showed that ZnPc-F7-PDT significantly inhibited the proliferation of HaCaT cells in vitro; when the light doses were fixed, changing the irradiation time or output power had little influence on the inhibition rate. ZnPc-F7-PDT significantly inhibited the hyperproliferation of mouse vaginal epithelium induced by diethylstilbestrol and improved propranolol- and IMQ-induced psoriasis-like symptoms. ZnPc-F7-PDT inhibited IMQ-induced splenomegaly and T lymphocyte abnormalities. ZnPc-F7-PDT did not appear to change T lymphocytes in the mouse vagina model. ZnPc-F7-PDT down-regulated the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), interleukin (IL)-17A mRNA and IL-17F mRNA, and up-regulated the expression of Bax. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, ZnPc-F7-PDT exhibited therapeutic effects in psoriasis both in vitro and in vivo and is a potential approach in the treatment of psoriasis. Potential mechanisms of these effects included the inhibition of hyperproliferation; regulation of PCNA, Bcl-2, Bax, IL-17A mRNA and IL-17F mRNA expression; and immune regulation.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Indóis/química , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Aminoquinolinas/toxicidade , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células/efeitos da radiação , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Epiderme/patologia , Células Epiteliais/citologia , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Feminino , Cobaias , Humanos , Imiquimode , Indóis/farmacologia , Indóis/uso terapêutico , Interleucina-17/genética , Interleucina-17/metabolismo , Lasers , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Camundongos Nus , Compostos Organometálicos/farmacologia , Compostos Organometálicos/uso terapêutico , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Propranolol/toxicidade , Psoríase/induzido quimicamente , Psoríase/patologia
12.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 41(6): 2307-2318, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28456802

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to investigate the anti-inflammatory activity of Berbamine (BER), a bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid extracted from Berberis amurensis (Xiao Bo An), and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Macrophages and neutrophils were treated with BER in vitro and stimulated with LPS and fMLP. The effects of BER on the expression of pro-inflammatory mediators in macrophages were evaluated with quantitative RT-PCR and ELISA. The effects of BER on the activation and superoxide release of neutrophils were determined with flow cytometry and WST-1 reduction test. The inhibitory effects of BER on the activation of signaling pathways related to inflammatory response in macrophages were evaluated by western blot analysis. In addition, a mouse peritonitis model was made by peritoneal injection of thioglycollate medium and anti-inflammatory effects of BER were investigated in vivo by quantitative analysis of pro-inflammatory factor production and leukocyte exudation. RESULTS: BER significantly inhibited inflammatory factor expression by LPS-stimulated macrophages and suppressed activation and superoxide release of fMLP-stimulated neutrophils. In the mouse peritonitis model, BER significantly inhibited the activation of macrophages and exudation of neutrophils. According to analysis, BER significantly suppressed phosphorylation of NF-κB and MAPK (JNK and ERK1/2) signaling pathways in LPS-stimulated macrophages. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, data from this study suggest that BER has anti-inflammatory potential, which is effected via inhibition of NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways, and thus holds promise for treatment of inflammatory disease.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Benzilisoquinolinas/farmacologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Benzilisoquinolinas/uso terapêutico , Berberis/química , Berberis/metabolismo , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Citocinas/análise , Dinoprostona/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Neutrófilos/citologia , Neutrófilos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Peritonite/tratamento farmacológico , Células RAW 264.7
13.
Zhong Yao Cai ; 36(5): 721-5, 2013 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24218960

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish HPLC fingerprint of Ophiopogonis Radix of Sichuan and simultaneously determine two homoisoflavonoids (methylophiopogonanones A and B). METHODS: Full-quantified HPLC fingerprint was used to establish the HPLC fingerprint and determine the active ingredients of the daodi medicinal material Ophiopogonis Radix of Sichuan in Shengmai injection. Chromatographic condition was as follows: The analytical column was Waters symmetry shield RP 18 (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm) with a pre-column of symmetry shield RP 18. The mobile phase was acetonitrile-water (containing 0.1% phosphoric acid) with gradient elution. The flow rate was 1.0 mL/min, the detection wavelength was set at 280 nm and the column temperature was maintained at 30 degrees C. RESULTS: The HPLC fingerprint of Ophiopogonis Radix of Sichuan was established with good separation and repeatability. 24 common peaks were defined in the HPLC fingerprint. The similarity among batches was more than 0.98. Compared with standard reference substances, No. 14 peak was methylophiopogonanone A and No. 15 peak was methylophiopogonanone B. Similarity determine system was applied to evaluate them. CONCLUSION: This analytical method is highly sensitive with strong specificity, which can be used efficiently in the quality control of Ophiopogonis Radix of Sichuan in Shengmai injection.


Assuntos
Benzodioxóis/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Isoflavonas/análise , Ophiopogon/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Raízes de Plantas/química , Controle de Qualidade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
14.
Zhong Yao Cai ; 36(1): 132-6, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23750421

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To Set up a method for determining the contents of the five flavonoids simultaneously in the HuangKui capsule and analyze their specific chromatograms. METHODS: HPLC method was used. The analytical column was Thermo scientific Hypersil GOLD (250 mm x 4.6 mm, 5 microm). The mobile phase was composed of acetonitrile (A) and 0.2% orthophosphoric acid (B) with gradient elution. The flow rate was 0.8 mL/min and detection wavelength was 360 nm. The column temperature was maintained at 30 degrees C. RESULTS: Contents of the five flavonoids (Rutin, Hyperoside, Isoquercitrin, Myricetin, Quercitrin) had good resolution with the correlation coefficients exceed 0.9999 and the average percent recovery lied in 98.46% to 100.33%. The chromatograms of the HuangKui capsule shared 15 common peaks in which 5 of them were recognized by the reference standard. Chromatograms of 10 lots of HuangKui capsule were analyzed with the similarities over 0.95. CONCLUSION: The proposed method of contents determination and chromatogram analysis has strong characteristic and specificity. This method is fast, easy and reliable, and can be applied for quality control of the preparation.


Assuntos
Abelmoschus/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Flavonoides/análise , Cápsulas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Controle de Qualidade , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Quercetina/análise , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Rutina/análise
16.
Yao Xue Xue Bao ; 45(12): 1576-81, 2010 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21351500

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the effects of concentration, intestinal section and borneol on the intestinal absorption of salvianolic acids. The experiment not only studied the intestinal absorption properties of three concentrations of rosmarinic acid, salvianolic acid B and salvianolic acid A at duodenum, jejunum and ileum, but also of salvianolic acids compatible with borneol at different concentrations using single-pass intestinal perfusion model in rat with phenol red as the marker. The results showed that salvianolic acids was stable under weak-acid condition and affected by metabolism enzyme; The Peff and Ka significantly different among three concentrations of rosmarinic acid and salvianolic acid B, whose intestinal absorption were saturated in high concentration, suggesting that the transport mechanisms of rosmarinic acid and salvianolic acid B were similar to active transport or facilitated diffusion; However, there was inconspicuousness in the Peff and Ka of salvianolic acid A at different concentrations, whose absorption was not saturated in high concentration, indicating that the transport mechanisms of salvianolic acid A was passive diffusion; The Peff and Ka in the ileum obviously higher than those in the duodenum and jejunum, namely the ileum was the best absorption section; When concentration of borneol increased, the enhancing effect of intestinal absorption of salvianolic acids increased, but significantly decreased when borneol increased to some degree. The enhancing effect of medium borneol concentration was the optimum. This implied that borneol can enhance the intestinal absorption of salvianolic acids, and the capacity of enhancing effect was influenced by the concentration of borneol.


Assuntos
Benzofuranos/farmacocinética , Ácidos Cafeicos/farmacocinética , Canfanos , Cinamatos/farmacocinética , Depsídeos/farmacocinética , Absorção Intestinal , Lactatos/farmacocinética , Animais , Benzofuranos/isolamento & purificação , Ácidos Cafeicos/isolamento & purificação , Canfanos/administração & dosagem , Canfanos/farmacocinética , Canfanos/farmacologia , Cinamatos/isolamento & purificação , Depsídeos/isolamento & purificação , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Duodeno/metabolismo , Íleo/metabolismo , Jejuno/metabolismo , Lactatos/isolamento & purificação , Masculino , Perfusão/métodos , Plantas Medicinais/química , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Salvia miltiorrhiza/química
17.
J Mass Spectrom ; 39(4): 447-57, 2004 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15103659

RESUMO

A novel class of chemically modified iodo-containing resins with isotope-labeled tagging for mass spectrometry-based proteome analysis is described. This iodo-containing resin contains a thiol-reactive group that is used to capture the cysteine (Cys)-containing peptides from peptide mixtures, one 'tag' amino acid, and an aminomethyl polystyrene resin with Rink Amide Linker. The 'tag' amino acid is synthesized in both heavy and light isotope-coded forms and therefore permits the direct relative quantification of peptides/proteins through mass spectrometric analysis. In the iodo-containing resin strategy, the Cys-containing peptides of two samples covalently captured by either light or heavy iodo-containing resin were mixed and washed extensively under stringent conditions. Then the Cys-containing peptides were retrieved by acid-catalyzed elution. Finally, the eluted peptides were directly analyzed by micro liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry for identification and relative quantification. The iodo-containing resins were synthesized by a simple but effective method. Their abilities to identify and quantify the Cys-containing part in two samples were proved by the analysis of mixtures of amino acids, peptides and proteins.


Assuntos
Iodetos/química , Espectrometria de Massas/instrumentação , Proteoma/análise , Resinas Sintéticas/química , Resinas Sintéticas/síntese química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Cisteína/análise , Desenho de Fármacos , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Muramidase/análise , Muramidase/química , Peptídeos/análise , Peptídeos/química , Poliestirenos/síntese química , Poliestirenos/química , Proteoma/química
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