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1.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 687, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36068506

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of women with preeclampsia (PE) exhibit persistent postpartum hypertension (PHTN) at 3 months postpartum associated with cardiovascular morbidity. This study aimed to screen patients with PE to identify the high-risk population with persistent PHTN. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study enrolled 1,000 PE patients with complete parturient and postpartum blood pressure (BP) profiles at 3 months postpartum. The enrolled patients exhibited new-onset hypertension after 20 weeks of pregnancy, while those with PE superimposed upon chronic hypertension were excluded. Latent class cluster analysis (LCCA), a method of unsupervised learning in machine learning, was performed to ascertain maternal exposure clusters from eight variables and 35 subordinate risk factors. Logistic regression was applied to calculate odds ratios (OR) indicating the association between clusters and PHTN. RESULTS: The 1,000 participants were classified into three exposure clusters (subpopulations with similar characteristics) according to persistent PHTN development: high-risk cluster (31.2%), medium-risk cluster (36.8%), and low-risk cluster (32.0%). Among the 1,000 PE patients, a total of 134 (13.4%) were diagnosed with persistent PHTN, while the percentages of persistent PHTN were24.68%, 10.05%, and 6.25% in the high-, medium-, and low-risk clusters, respectively. Persistent PHTN in the high-risk cluster was nearly five times higher (OR, 4.915; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.92-8.27) and three times (OR, 2.931; 95% CI, 1.91-4.49) than in the low- and medium-risk clusters, respectively. Persistent PHTN did not differ between the medium- and low-risk clusters. Subjects in the high-risk cluster were older and showed higher BP, poorer prenatal organ function, more adverse pregnancy events, and greater medication requirement than the other two groups. CONCLUSION: Patients with PE can be classified into high-, medium-, and low-risk clusters according to persistent PHTN severity; each cluster has cognizable clinical features. This study's findings stress the importance of controlling persistent PHTN to prevent future cardiovascular disease.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Pré-Eclâmpsia , Análise por Conglomerados , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Período Pós-Parto , Pré-Eclâmpsia/diagnóstico , Pré-Eclâmpsia/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
2.
J Thorac Dis ; 14(8): 2894-2907, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36071772

RESUMO

Background: Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma of the thymus is a rare disease. The present meta-analysis aims at accumulating current evidence to explore the clinical characteristics, treatments, and prognoses of thymic MALT lymphoma. Methods: We searched seven databases for studies published between the start date of database establishment and September 15, 2021. We included studies of patients with histological diagnoses and excluded those without data specifically on thymic MALT lymphoma. The quality was analyzed using an assessment tool. All data were tabulated. Pooled proportion was obtained using random-effects model. Statistical analysis was performed on R statistic software. Results: Overall, 52 case reports and 13 case series were eligible. The quality of case reports was inferior to that of case series in terms of selection (P<0.001). Based on the analysis of patients in the case reports, age, gender, concurrent diseases, and tumor size did not differ between limited-stage and advanced-stage cases. Surgery is the mainstay to treat thymic MALT lymphoma. The surgical approach and extent did not influence the occurrence of events. Patients at Ann Arbor stage I were prone to not receiving postoperative therapy (P=0.011), though it may not reduce the occurrence of events (P=0.637). The five-year overall survival (OS) rate and five-year progression-free survival (PFS) rate were 97.2% and 88.4%, respectively. Patients with advanced-stage disease were more likely to suffer events (P=0.009). Conclusions: Thymic MALT lymphoma is an extremely rare disease with a favorable prognosis. Currently available evidence is insufficient to draw solid judgments about treatment and prognosis. However, patients may benefit if thymectomy is chosen as the primary treatment. In some patients, lymph node sampling or dissection should be considered. In addition, if the patient is at an advanced-stage, postoperative therapy should be considered.

3.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 8007713, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046446

RESUMO

Applying machine learning technology to automatic image analysis and auxiliary diagnosis of whole slide image (WSI) may help to improve the efficiency, objectivity, and consistency of pathological diagnosis. Due to its extremely high resolution, it is still a great challenge to directly process WSI through deep neural networks. In this paper, we propose a novel model for the task of classification of WSIs. The model is composed of two parts. The first part is a self-supervised encoding network with a UNet-like architecture. Each patch from a WSI is encoded as a compressed latent representation. These features are placed according to their corresponding patch's original location in WSI, forming a feature cube. The second part is a classification network fused by 4 famous network blocks with heterogeneous architectures, with feature cube as input. Our model effectively expresses the feature and preserves location information of each patch. The fused network integrates heterogeneous features generated by different networks which yields robust classification results. The model is evaluated on two public datasets with comparison to baseline models. The evaluation results show the effectiveness of the proposed model.


Assuntos
Aprendizado de Máquina , Redes Neurais de Computação , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos
4.
Cell Mol Immunol ; 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36050478

RESUMO

Immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) exhibits considerable benefits in malignancies, but its overall response rate is limited. Previous studies have shown that sphingosine kinases (SPHKs) are critical in the tumor microenvironment (TME), but their role in immunotherapy is unclear. We performed integrative analyses including bioinformatics analysis, functional study, and clinical validation to investigate the role of SPHK1 in tumor immunity. Functionally, we demonstrated that the inhibition of SPHK1 significantly suppressed tumor growth by promoting antitumor immunity in immunocompetent melanoma mouse models and tumor T-cell cocultures. A mechanistic analysis revealed that MTA3 functions as the downstream target of SPHK1 in transcriptionally regulating tumor PD-L1. Preclinically, we found that anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody (mAb) treatment significantly rescued tumor SPHK1 overexpression or tumor MTA3 overexpression-mediated immune evasion. Significantly, we identified SPHK1 and MTA3 as biological markers for predicting the efficacy of anti-PD-1 mAb therapy in melanoma patients. Our findings revealed a novel role for SPHK1 in tumor evasion mediated by regulating the MTA3-PD-L1 axis, identified SPHK1 and MTA3 as predictors for assessing the efficacy of PD-1 mAb treatment, and provided a therapeutic possibility for the treatment of melanoma patients.

5.
J Environ Manage ; 322: 116113, 2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36055089

RESUMO

The complicated contamination of microplastics (MPs) and heavy metals in sludge has garnered substantial attention in recent years; however, research on the behavior of MPs loading of heavy metals in sludge after sludge treatment methods is limited. Four representative sludge treatment methods were selected herein: anaerobic digestion, thermal drying, thermal hydrolysis (TH), and aerobic composting. Before and after sludge treatment, the chemical bonding of MPs, cadmium (Cd) adsorption properties, and metabolic changes in the microbial community succession was analyzed, and the factors influencing differences in Cd sorption by sludge MPs were explored. The results revealed that Cd adsorption by MPs occurs as multilayer physical adsorption that can be well fitted by Freundlich isotherms. Compared with the other three treatments, TH led to the most significant effect on the chemical bonding properties of the MPs, with a more than two-fold increase in C-O single bonds and CO double bonds, as well as adsorption of the highest amount of Cd at 767 µg/g. In addition, sludge conductivity and water content also affected Cd sorption capacity, with correlation coefficients of 0.405 and -0.384. Pedobacter, Flavobacterium, Lysobacter, and Sphingobacterium in the sludge presented a high degree of coupling with adsorption capacity, it was inferred that the above dominant species of bacteria may affect the adsorption of Cd by microplastics through the production of extracellular enzyme forms.

6.
Zootaxa ; 5169(1): 93-96, 2022 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36101251

RESUMO

This paper describes one new species of Metriogryllacris (Metriogryllacris) amitarum group from Guangxi Huaping National Nature Reserve. A key to the species group is provided. The examined specimen is deposited in Guangxi Normal University.


Assuntos
Ortópteros , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Tamanho Corporal , China , Humanos , Tamanho do Órgão
7.
Biol Cybern ; 2022 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36114844

RESUMO

The investigation of brain oscillations and connectivity has become an important topic in the recent decade. There are several types of interactions between neuronal oscillations, and one of the most interesting among these interactions is phase-amplitude coupling (PAC). Several methods have been proposed to measure the strength of PAC, including the phase-locking value, circular-linear correlation, and modulation index. In the current study, we compared these traditional PAC methods with simulated electroencephalogram signals. Further, to assess the PAC value at each time point, we also compared two recently established methods, event-related phase-locking value and event-related circular-linear correlation, with our newly proposed event-related modulation index (ERMI). Results indicated that the ERMI has better temporal resolution and is more tolerant to noise than the other two event-related methods, suggesting the advantages of utilizing ERMI in evaluating the strength of PAC within a brain region.

8.
ACS Nano ; 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36065995

RESUMO

Stroke is the most common cause of disability globally. Neural stem cell (NSC) therapy, which can replace lost and damaged neurons, has been proposed as a potential treatment for stroke. The therapeutic efficacy of NSC therapy is hindered by the fact that only a small number of NSCs undergo neuronal differentiation. Neuron-specific miR-124, which promotes the differentiation of NSCs into mature neurons, can be combined with NSC therapy to cure ischemic stroke. However, the instability and poor internalization of miR-124 seriously hamper its broad clinical application. Herein, an innovative strategy involving delivery of miR-124 via a Ca-MOF@miR-124 nanodelivery system, which effectively prevents the degradation of miR-124 by nucleases and promotes the internalization of miR-124 by NSCs, is presented. The effect of accelerated neuronal directed differentiation of NSCs was assessed through in vitro cell experiments, and the clinical application potential of this nanodelivery system for the treatment of ischemic stroke was assessed through in vivo experiments involving the combination of NSC therapy and Ca-MOF@miR-124 nanoparticles. The results indicate that Ca-MOF@miR-124 nanoparticles can promote the differentiation of NSCs into mature neurons with electrophysiological function within 5 days. The differentiation rate of cells treated with Ca-MOF@miR-124 nanoparticles was at least 5 days faster than that of untreated cells. Moreover, Ca-MOF@miR-124 nanoparticles decreased the ischemic area to almost normal levels by day 7. The combination of Ca-MOF@miR-124 nanoparticles and NSC therapy will enhance the treatment of traumatic nerve injury and neurodegenerative diseases.

10.
Cell Oncol (Dordr) ; 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36066752

RESUMO

Src homology 2-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase 2 (SHP2) is a non-receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase ubiquitously expressed mainly in the cytoplasm of several tissues. SHP2 modulates diverse cell signaling events that control metabolism, cell growth, differentiation, cell migration, transcription and oncogenic transformation. It interacts with diverse molecules in the cell, and regulates key signaling events including RAS/ERK, PI3K/AKT, JAK/STAT and PD-1 pathways downstream of several receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) upon stimulation by growth factors and cytokines. SHP2 acts as both a phosphatase and a scaffold, and plays prominently oncogenic functions but can be tumor suppressor in a context-dependent manner. It typically acts as a positive regulator of RTKs signaling with some inhibitory functions reported as well. SHP2 expression and activity is regulated by such factors as allosteric autoinhibition, microRNAs, ubiquitination and SUMOylation. Dysregulation of SHP2 expression or activity causes many developmental diseases, and hematological and solid tumors. Moreover, upregulated SHP2 expression or activity also decreases sensitivity of cancer cells to anticancer drugs. SHP2 is now considered as a compelling anticancer drug target and several classes of SHP2 inhibitors with different mode of action are developed with some already in clinical trial phases. Moreover, novel SHP2 substrates and functions are rapidly growing both in cell and cancer. In view of this, we comprehensively and thoroughly reviewed literatures about SHP2 regulatory mechanisms, substrates and binding partners, biological functions, roles in human cancers, and different classes of small molecule inhibitors target this oncoprotein in cancer.

11.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 964370, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36059935

RESUMO

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major worldwide public health problem. The increase in the number of patients with CKD and end-stage kidney disease requesting renal dialysis or transplantation will progress to epidemic proportions in the next several decades. Although blocking the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) has been used as a first-line standard therapy in patients with hypertension and CKD, patients still progress towards end-stage kidney disease, which might be closely associated with compensatory renin expression subsequent to RAS blockade through a homeostatic mechanism. The Wnt/ß-catenin signalling pathway is the master upstream regulator that controls multiple intrarenal RAS genes. As Wnt/ß-catenin regulates multiple RAS genes, we inferred that this pathway might also be implicated in blood pressure control. Therefore, discovering new medications to synchronously target multiple RAS genes is necessary and essential for the effective treatment of patients with CKD. We hypothesized that Shenkang injection (SKI), which is widely used to treat CKD patients, might ameliorate CKD by inhibiting the activation of multiple RAS genes via the Wnt/ß-catenin signalling pathway. To test this hypothesis, we used adenine-induced CKD rats and angiotensin II (AngII)-induced HK-2 and NRK-49F cells. Treatment with SKI inhibited renal function decline, hypertension and renal fibrosis. Mechanistically, SKI abrogated the increased protein expression of multiple RAS elements, including angiotensin-converting enzyme and angiotensin II type 1 receptor, as well as Wnt1, ß-catenin and downstream target genes, including Snail1, Twist, matrix metalloproteinase-7, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and fibroblast-specific protein 1, in adenine-induced rats, which was verified in AngII-induced HK-2 and NRK-49F cells. Similarly, our results further indicated that treatment with rhein isolated from SKI attenuated renal function decline and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and repressed RAS activation and the hyperactive Wnt/ß-catenin signalling pathway in both adenine-induced rats and AngII-induced HK-2 and NRK-49F cells. This study first revealed that SKI repressed epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition by synchronously targeting multiple RAS elements by blocking the hyperactive Wnt/ß-catenin signalling pathway.

12.
ACS Omega ; 7(34): 30208-30214, 2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36061684

RESUMO

Amorphous silicon (a-Si), due to its satisfactory theoretical capacity, moderate discharge potential, and abundant reserves, is treated as one of the most prospective materials for the anode of sodium-ion batteries (SIBs). However, the slow Na+ diffusion kinetics, poor electrical conductivity, and rupture-prone structures of a-Si restrict its further development. In this work, a composite (a-Si@rGO) consisting of porous amorphous silicon hollow nanoboxes (a-Si HNBs) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) is prepared. The a-Si HNBs are synthesized through "sodiothermic reduction" of silica hollow nanoboxes at a relatively low temperature, and the rGO is covered on the surface of the a-Si HNBs by electrostatic interaction. The as-synthesized composite anode applying in SIBs exhibits a high initial discharge capacity of 681.6 mAh g-1 at 100 mA g-1, great stability over 2000 cycles at 800 mA g-1, and superior rate performance (261.2, 176.8, 130.3, 98.4, and 73.3 mAh g-1 at 100, 400, 800, 1500, and 3000 mA g-1, respectively). The excellent electrochemical properties are ascribed to synergistic action of the porous hollow nanostructure of a-Si and the rGO coating. This research not only offers an innovative synthetic means for the development of a-Si in various fields but also provides a practicable idea for the design of other alloy-type anodes.

13.
J Med Chem ; 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36053746

RESUMO

As a complex pathogenesis driven by immune inflammatory factors and intestinal microbiota, the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may rely on the comprehensive regulation of these important pathogenic factors to reach a favorable therapeutic effect. In the current study, we discovered a series of imidazo[4,5-c]quinoline derivatives that potently and simultaneously inhibited two primary proinflammatory signaling pathways JAK/STAT and NF-κB. Especially, lead compound 8l showed potent inhibitory activities against interferon-stimulated genes (IC50: 3.3 nM) and NF-κB pathways (IC50: 150.7 nM) and decreased the release of various proinflammatory factors at the nanomolar level, including IL-6, IL-8, IL-1ß, TNF-α, IL-12, and IFN-γ. In vivo, 8l produced a strong anti-inflammatory activity in both dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)- and 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced acute enteritis models and restored the structural composition of gut microbiota. Collectively, this study provided valuable lead compounds for the treatment of IBD and revealed the great anti-inflammatory potential of the simultaneous suppression of JAK/STAT and NF-κB signals.

14.
Mol Oncol ; 2022 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36054080

RESUMO

Although growth arrest-specific protein 2 (GAS2) promotes the growth of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) cells in culture, the effect of GAS2 on T-cell leukemogenesis has not been studied, and the mechanism remains unclear. In the present study, xenograft studies showed that GAS2 silencing impaired T-cell leukemogenesis and decreased leukemic cell infiltration. Mechanistically, GAS2 regulated the protein expression of C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) rather than its transcript expression. Immunoprecipitation revealed that GAS2 interacted with CXCR4, and confocal analysis showed that GAS2 was partially co-expressed with CXCR4, which provided a strong molecular basis for GAS2 to regulate CXCR4 expression. Importantly, CXCR4 overexpression alleviated the inhibitory effect of GAS2 silencing on the growth and migration of T-ALL cells. Moreover, GAS2 or CXCR4 silencing inhibited the expression of NOTCH1 and c-MYC. Forced expression of c-MYC rescued the growth suppression induced by GAS2 or CXCR4 silencing. Meanwhile, GAS2 deficiency, specifically in blood cells, had a mild effect on normal hematopoiesis, including T-cell development, and GAS2 silencing did not affect the growth of normal human CD3+ or CD34+ cells. Overall, our data indicate that GAS2 promotes T-cell leukemogenesis through its interaction with CXCR4 to activate NOTCH1/c-MYC, whereas impaired GAS2 expression has a mild effect on normal hematopoiesis. Therefore, our study suggests that targeting the GAS2/CXCR4 axis is a potential therapeutic strategy for T-ALL.

15.
Front Genet ; 13: 945015, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092943

RESUMO

To evaluate the application potential of high-density SNPs in rice distinctness, uniformity, and stability (DUS) testing, we screened 37,929 SNP loci distributed on 12 rice chromosomes based on whole-genome resequencing of 122 rice accessions. These SNP loci were used to analyze the DUS testing of rice varieties based on the correlation between the molecular and phenotypic distances of varieties according to UPOV option 2. The results showed that statistical algorithms and the number of phenotypic traits and SNP loci all affected the correlation between the molecular and phenotypic distances of rice varieties. Relative to the other nine algorithms, the Jaccard similarity algorithm had the highest correlation of 0.6587. Both the number of SNPs and the number of phenotypes had a ceiling effect on the correlation between the molecular and phenotypic distances of varieties, and the ceiling effect of the number of SNP loci was more obvious. To overcome the correlation bottleneck, we used the genome-wide prediction method to predict 30 phenotypic traits and found that the prediction accuracy of some traits, such as the basal sheath anthocyanin color, glume length, and intensity of the green color of the leaf blade, was very low. In combination with group comparison analysis, we found that the key to overcoming the ceiling effect of correlation was to improve the resolution of traits with low predictive values. In addition, we also performed distinctness testing on rice varieties by using the molecular distance and phenotypic distance, and we found that there were large differences between the two methods, indicating that UPOV option 2 alone cannot replace the traditional phenotypic DUS testing. However, genotype and phenotype analysis together can increase the efficiency of DUS testing.

16.
Chem Sci ; 13(32): 9243-9248, 2022 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36093029

RESUMO

Supramolecular sequestration and reversal of neuromuscular block (NMB) have great clinical applications. Water-soluble flexible organic frameworks (FOFs) cross-linked by disulfide bonds are designed and prepared. Different linker lengths are introduced to FOFs to give them varied pore sizes. FOFs are anionic nanoscale polymers and capable of encapsulating cationic neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs), including rocuronium (Roc), vecuronium (Vec), pancuronium (Panc) and cisatracurium (Cis). A host-guest study confirms that FOFs bind NMBAs in water. The multivalency interaction between FOFs and NMBAs is able to sequester NMBAs, and prevent them from escaping. These FOFs are non-toxic and biocompatible. Animal studies show that FOFs are effective for the reversal of NMB induced by Roc, Vec and Cis, which shorten the time to a train-of-four ratio of 0.9 by 2.6, 3.8 and 5.7-fold compared to a placebo, respectively.

17.
Curr HIV Res ; 20(3): 242-250, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36111752

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The data of the impact of tenofovir (TDF) on kidney damage in Chinese HIV-1 infected patients are limited. OBJECTIVE: The study aims to evaluate the incidence and risk factors of stage 3 chronic kidney disease (CKD) and rapid kidney function decline (RKFD) among Chinese HIV-1 infected patients starting with a TDF-based regimen. METHODS: We enrolled 797 TDF-initiated HIV-1-infected patients in a Chinese cohort. Kidney dysfunctions were defined as stage 3 CKD (eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 during follow-up) and RKFD (eGFR decline > 10 mL/min/1.73 m2/year). A linear mixed-effects model was used to quantify the average eGFR change per 48 weeks. A generalized estimating equation regression analysis was conducted to determine the risk factors associated with renal dysfunction. The method of multiple imputations was used to reduce the bias caused by missing data. RESULTS: In this retrospective study, 14 (2%) patients experienced stage 3 CKD, and 272 (34%) individuals experienced RKFD during a median of 26 (IQR, 4-78; maximum 325) weeks follow-up period. The mean loss in eGFR per 48 weeks increased consistently over time, from -2.59 mL/min/1.73 m2 before 48 weeks to -17.61 mL/min/1.73 m2 after 288 weeks. For every 10 mL/min/1.73 m2 increase of eGFR, the risk of RKFD increased by 29% (95%CI: 18%, 40%). Each 10 years older and every 10 mL/min/1.73 m2 higher in baseline eGFR, the risk of stage 3 CKD increased to 1.56 (95% CI: 1.00, 2.43) and decreased by 65% (95% CI: 48%, 76%), respectively. Anemia and higher viral load were significantly associated with RKFD. The results were robust across a range of multiple imputation analyses. CONCLUSION: TDF-associated CKD is rare in HIV-1 infected Chinese adults. Longer TDF-exposed patients are more likely to have renal dysfunction, especially those with older age, anemia, lower baseline eGFR, and higher viral load.


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV , Infecções por HIV , HIV-1 , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Adulto , Fármacos Anti-HIV/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Coortes , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/induzido quimicamente , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tenofovir/efeitos adversos
18.
Plant Biotechnol J ; 2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36121304

RESUMO

Receptor-like kinases (RLKs) constitute the largest receptor family involved in the regulation of plant immunity and growth, but small-molecule inhibitors that target RLKs to improve agronomic traits remain unexplored. The RLK member FERONIA (FER) negatively regulates plant resistance to certain soil-borne diseases that are difficult to control and cause huge losses in crop yields and economy. Here, we identified 33 highly effective FER kinase inhibitors from 1494 small molecules by monitoring FER autophosphorylation in vitro. Four representative inhibitors (reversine, cenisertib, staurosporine, and lavendustin A) inhibited the kinase activity of FER and its homologs in several crops by targeting the conserved ATP pocket in the kinase structure. FER contributes to the physiological impact of representative inhibitors in plants. The treatment of roots with reversine, staurosporine, and lavendustin A enhanced innate immunity in plant roots and thus alleviated soil-borne diseases in tobacco, tomato, and rice without growth penalties. Consistently, RNA sequencing assays showed that lavendustin A and reversine exert profound impacts on immunity-related gene expression. Our results will set a new milestone in the development of the plant RLK kinase regulation theory and provide a novel strategy for the prevention and control of plant soil-borne diseases without growth penalties.

19.
Sci Total Environ ; : 158848, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36122718

RESUMO

Microbial fuel cell (MFC) has been extensively studied as a biosensor for determining biochemical oxygen demand (BOD). The method for quantifying BOD by employing coulombic yield (Q) of a bio-electrochemical degradation process obtained from MFC biosensors is referred to as BODQ. The physical structures of anode materials greatly affect the sensitivity and accuracy of the biosensor. In this work, the effects of carbon cloth (CC) and carbon felt (CF) as anode substrate materials on the BODQ determination efficiencies were studied. The CF-MFC biosensor showed higher BODQ response than that of the CC-MFC within 25-400 mg L-1 BOD concentration range, and the test value was very close to the theoretical BOD. The difference is resulting from higher coulombic efficiency (CE) of CF-MFC (64.89-65.38 %) than CC-MFC (55.58-63.51 %). It should be noted that for water samples with low BOD concentrations the physical structures of anode materials play a leading role in CE. For synthetic wastewaters with 25 mg L-1 BOD, the CE of CF-MFC (65.38 %) was 17.63 % higher than that of CC-MFC (55.58 %). In contrast to the densely woven CC coated with thick biofilm, CF with loose carbon fiber and thin biofilm makes it good for organic diffusion and electron transportation, thus contributing to higher and more stable CE. These results indicate that the CF-MFC is more suitable for determining BODQ values over a wide concentration range. This work provides a useful strategy for selecting desirable MFC's anode material as the BOD biosensor. MFC biosensors with high-porosity biological anodes can obtain more accurate BOD test values.

20.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 244: 114026, 2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36055041

RESUMO

Effective treatment of water pollution is an economic and social requirement globally. Humic acid (HA) is a popular mitigator for such waters. However, the combined effect of HA and restorative plants on cadmium (Cd) remediation is not well understood. Therefore, we experimented on Cd remediation using HA along with vetiver grass and HA-vetiver grass. We observed that vetiver grass effectively removed Cd at 15~30 mg/L. The accumulation capacity of the root was significantly higher than the shoots (P < 0.05), and Cd distribution followed the trend: cell wall > organelle > soluble substance (F1 > F2 > F3). The plant's accumulation capacity against 25 mg/L Cd was higher than for other treatments. The root accumulation capacity was much higher (702.3 mg/L) than those without added HA. However, upon adding 200 and 250 mg/L HA, the phytoremediation of Cd in the root and shoot significantly reduced (P < 0.05). Conversely, HA improved the Cd removal efficiency of the plants, notably at a lower HA concentration (150 mg/L). In addition, HA (especially at 150 mg/L) influences Cd distribution in vetiver cells (P < 0.05) and can significantly increase the proportion of Cd in the root cytoplasm. Consequently, a low HA concentration can significantly improve Cd accumulation in the vetiver, shorten the metal's bioremediation cycle, and improve the biological absorption efficiency.

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