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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 16(2): 333-337, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32859793

RESUMO

The arcuate fasciculus is a critical component of the neural substrate of human language function. Surgical resection of glioma adjacent to the arcuate fasciculus likely damages this region. In this study, we evaluated the outcome of surgical resection of glioma adjacent to the arcuate fasciculus under the guidance of magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion tensor imaging, and we aimed to identify the risk factors for postoperative linguistic deficit. In total, 54 patients with primary glioma adjacent to the arcuate fasciculus were included in this observational study. These patients comprised 38 men and 16 women (aged 43 ± 11 years). All patients underwent surgical resenction of glioma under the guidance of magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion tensor imaging. Intraoperative images were updated when necessary for further resection. The gross total resection rate of the 54 patients increased from 38.9% to 70.4% by intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging. Preoperative language function and glioma-to-arcuate fasciculus distance were associated with poor language outcome. Multivariable logistic regression analyses showed that glioma-to-arcuate fasciculus distance was the major independent risk factor for poor outcome. The cutoff point of glioma-to-arcuate fasciculus distance for poor outcome was 3.2 mm. These findings suggest that intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging combined with diffusion tensor imaging of the arcuate fasciculus can help optimize tumor resection and result in the least damage to the arcuate fasciculus. Notably, glioma-to-arcuate fasciculus distance is a key independent risk factor for poor postoperative language outcome. This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Chinese PLA General Hospital, China (approval No. S2014-096-01) on October 11, 2014.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064557

RESUMO

Multiple organ perfusion is impaired in sepsis. Clinical studies suggest that persistent perfusion disturbances are prognostic of fatal outcome in sepsis. Pyroptosis occurs upon activation of caspases and their subsequent cleavage of Gsdmd, resulting in Gsdmd-N that form membrane pores to induce cell death in sepsis. In addition, Gsdmd-/- mice are protected from a lethal dose of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). However, how Gsdmd-mediated pyroptosis occurs in endothelial cells and leads to impaired perfusion remain unexplored in endotoxemia. We used transgenic mice with ablation of Gsdmd and determined that mice lacking Gsdmd exhibited reduced breakdown of endothelial barrier, improved organ perfusion, as well as increased survival in endotoxemia. Phospholipase Cγ1 (PLCγ1) contributed to Gsdmd-mediated endothelial pyroptosis in a calcium-dependent fashion without affecting Gsdmd-N production. Cytosolic Calcium signaling promoted Gsdmd-N translocating to the plasma membrane enhancing endothelial pyroptosis induced by LPS. We used adeno-associated virus (AAV9) vectors carrying a short hairpin RNA (shRNA) against murine PLCγ1 mRNA under control of the tie1 core promoter (AAV-tie1-sh-PLCγ1) to uniquely downregulate PLCγ1 expression in the endothelial cells. Here, we showed that unique inhibition of endothelial PLCγ1 attenuated breakdown of endothelial barrier, reduced vascular leakage , and improved perfusion disturbances. Moreover, unique downregulate endothelial PLCγ1 expression markedly decreased mortality of mice in endotoxemia. Thus, we establish that endothelial injury as an important trigger of fatal outcome in endotoxemia. Additionally, these findings suggest that interfering with Gsdmd and PLCγ1-calcium pathway may represent a new treatment strategy for critically ill patients sustaining endotoxemia.

3.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 14(10): e0008746, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064728

RESUMO

Leprosy is a stigmatizing, chronic infection which degenerates the nervous system and often leads to incapacitation. Multi-drug therapy which consists of dapsone, rifampicin and clofazimine has been effective to combat this disease. In Indonesia, especially in Papua Island, leprosy is still a problem. Furthermore, there had been higher reports of Dapsone Hypersensitivity Syndrome (DHS) which also challenges leprosy elimination in certain aspects. Globally, DHS has a prevalence rate of 1.4% and a fatality rate up to 13%. The aim of this study is to validate HLA-B*13:01, a previously discovered biomarker for DHS in the Chinese population, as a biomarker for DHS in the Papua population.This is a case-control study of 34 leprosy patients who presented themselves with DHS (case subjects) and 52 leprosy patients without DHS (control subjects). Patients were recruited from 2 provinces: Papua and West Papua. DNA was extracted from 3 ml blood specimens. HLA-B alleles were typed using the gold-standard sequence based typing method. Results were then analysed using logistic regression and risk assessment was carried out. The results of HLA-typing showed that HLA-B*13:01 was the most significant allele associated with DHS, with odds ratio = 233.64 and P-value = 7.11×10-9, confirming the strong association of HLA-B*13:01 to DHS in the Papua population. The sensitivity of this biomarker is 91.2% and specificity is 96.2%, with an area under the curve of 0.95. HLA-B*13:01 is validated as a biomarker for DHS in leprosy patients in Papua, Indonesia, and can potentially be a good predictor of DHS to help prevent this condition in the future.

5.
Eur J Dermatol ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021479

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pruritus is one of the leading symptoms of dermatitis herpetiformis (DH), however, studies on the pathogenesis of pruritus are scarce. Currently, skin mast cells (MCs) have been indicated to play a role in pruritus in autoimmune bullous disease. OBJECTIVE: To study the role of mast cells and related mediators involved in the pathogenesis of pruritus in DH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The number of MCs and expression of histamine and thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) was investigated in lesions of 29 DH cases and 15 healthy skin donors by immunohistochemistry. Fourteen patients were assessed for severity of pruritus based on the Numeric Rating Scale and Pruritus Grading System. The levels of histamine and TSLP in the serum of 18 DH patients and 15 healthy controls were also investigated. RESULTS: A significant increase in the number of MCs and degranulation was observed in DH lesions, which positively correlated with intensity of pruritus. In addition, skin TSLP but not histamine was shown to correlate with intensity of pruritus. No significant difference in expression of serum TSLP or histamine was observed between DH patients and healthy controls. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that skin MCs and TSLP might be involved in the pathogenesis of pruritus in DH which should be further clarified in future studies.

6.
J Exp Bot ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045083

RESUMO

Nitric oxide (NO) has been implicated as a key signaling molecule involved in a wide spectrum of plant developmental and stress responses. Here, we found that NO also played important role in seed oil content and fatty acid composition. RNAi silencing Arabidopsis thaliana S-nitrosoglutathione reductase 1 (GSNOR1) gene led to higher NO content and up to 5.3% reduction of seed oil content. In contrast, nitrate reductase double mutant nia1nia2 led to an increase of seed oil content by 2.6%, compared to the wild type plant. Moreover, the levels of palmitic acid (C16:0), linoleic acid (C18:2) and linolenic acid (C18:3) were higher, whereas the levels of stearic acid (C18:0), oleic acid (C18:1) and arachidonic acid (C20:1) decreased in the seeds of GSNOR1 RNAi lines. The effects of NO on seed oil content and fatty acid composition were also demonstrated with rapeseed embryos cultured in vitro with NO donor Sodium Nitroprusside (SNP) and NO inhibitor NG-Nitro-L-arginine Methyl Ester (L-NAME). Similar results with that of Arabidopsis were obtained. Compared to non-treated embryo control, the oil contents were decreased by 1.95% and 4.69% in 10µM and 20µM SNP-treated embryos and increased by 1.66% and 2.43% in 200µM and 400µM L-NAME-treated embryos respectively. The relative quantities of C16:0, C18:2 and C18:3 were significantly higher, whereas C18:1 level decreased markedly in rapeseed embryos treated with SNP. Proteomics and transcriptome analysis revealed that three S-nitrosated proteins (PKp2, LACS4, and SSI2) and some key genes involved in oil synthesis were differentially regulated in SNP treated embryos, suggesting that NO regulated seed oil content and fatty acid composition. The seed oil content increase in Arabidopsis and rapeseed was further obtained by spraying L-NAME directly on developing siliques. These results suggested that regulating NO level could be a novel approach to increase seed oil content in oil crops during cultivation in addition to marker-assisted selection breeding and genetically modified breeding.

7.
Med Res Rev ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047304

RESUMO

Multidrug resistance (MDR) remains one of the major impediments for efficacious cancer chemotherapy. Increased efflux of multiple chemotherapeutic drugs by transmembrane ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter superfamily is considered one of the primary causes for cancer MDR, in which the role of P-glycoprotein (P-gp/ABCB1) has been most well-established. The clinical co-administration of P-gp drug efflux inhibitors, in combination with anticancer drugs which are P-gp transport substrates, was considered to be a treatment modality to surmount MDR in anticancer therapy by blocking P-gp-mediated multidrug efflux. Extensive attempts have been carried out to screen for sets of nontoxic, selective, and efficacious P-gp efflux inhibitors. In this review, we highlight the recent achievements in drug design, characterization, structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies, and mechanisms of action of the newly synthetic, potent small molecules P-gp inhibitors in the past 5 years. The development of P-gp inhibitors will increase our knowledge of the mechanisms and functions of P-gp-mediated drug efflux which will benefit drug discovery and clinical cancer therapeutics where P-gp transporter overexpression has been implicated in MDR.

8.
Cell Prolif ; : e12917, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001510

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Articular cartilage plays a vital role in bearing and buffering. Injured cartilage and subchondral bone repair is a crucial challenge in cartilage tissue engineering due to the peculiar structure of osteochondral unit and the requirement of osteogenic/chondrogenic bi-directional differentiation. Based on the bionics principle, a nanotextured silk fibroin (SF)-chondroitin sulphate (CS)/hydroxyapatite (HAp) nanowire tough bilayer structure was prepared for osteochondral repair. METHODS: The SF-CS/HAp membrane was constructed by alcohol-induced ß-sheet formation serving as the physical crosslink. Its osteochondral repairing capacity was evaluated by culturing bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) in vitro and constructing a rat osteochondral defect model in vivo. RESULTS: The bilayer SF-CS/HAp membrane with satisfactory mechanical properties similar to natural cartilage imitated the natural osteochondral unit structural layers and exerted the function of bearing and buffering timely after in vivo implantation. SF-CS layer upregulated the expression of chondrogenesis-related genes of BMSCs by surface nanotopography and sustained release CS. Meanwhile, nanotextured HAp layer assembled with nanowire endowed the membrane with an osteogenic differentiation tendency for BMSCs. In vivo results proved that the biomimetic bilayer structure dramatically promoted new cartilage formation and subchondral bone remodelling for osteochondral defect model after implantation. CONCLUSIONS: The SF-CS/HAp biomimetic bilayer membrane provides a promising strategy for precise osteochondral repair.

9.
Bioresour Technol ; 319: 124131, 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002784

RESUMO

In this study, the multiple effects of granular activated carbon (GAC) on sludge anaerobic digestion at ambient (16-24 °C), mesophilic (35 °C) and thermophilic (55 °C) temperature were investigated. After GAC addition, although the methane yields of raw sludge were reduced by 6.5%-36.9%, the lag phases of methanogenesis were shortened by 19.3%-30.6% and the reductions of methane yields were declined to only 5.9%-8.1% simultaneously for pretreated sludge. The inhibitory substances like phenols that generated by thermal pretreatment were reduced after GAC addition, which were demonstrated to be responsible for the methanogenic acceleration. Meanwhile, the methane reduction due to the non-selective adsorption by GAC could be mitigated by pretreatment and elevated temperature. Thus, a strategy coupling thermal pretreatment with detoxification by GAC was proposed to improve the methane production rate and avoid the negative effects during sludge anaerobic digestion with GAC addition.

10.
Acta Derm Venereol ; 100(17): adv00299, 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047146

RESUMO

Filaggrin, encoded by the FLG gene, plays a crucial role in the barrier function of epidermis, but the association between FLG loss-of-function mutations and infectious skin diseases has not been systematically studied. FLG coding sequences from 945 patients with leprosy and 916 healthy controls were captured and enriched using an array-based high-throughput system, and subjected to next-generation sequencing. The loss-of-function mutations found were further validated by Sanger sequencing. A total of 21 loss-of-function mutations were found in 945 patients with leprosy, with a carrier rate of 17.53%, while the prevalence of these mutations in 916 healthy controls was 14.77%, which was significantly lower than in patients. Two individual FLG loss-of-function mutations (K4022X and Q1790X) were found to be significantly associated with leprosy. These results suggest a possible role for filaggrin in defending against leprosy pathogens.

11.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 749, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050892

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Two months after the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Wuhan, China, tens of thousands of hospitalized patients had recovered, and little is known about the follow-up of the recovered patients. METHODS: The clinical characteristics, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) results from throat swab specimens and the results of serological COVID-19 rapid diagnostic test (RDT) for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) were retrospectively reviewed for a total of 758 recovered patients who were previously hospitalized in 17 hospitals and quarantined at 32 rehabilitation stations in Wuhan, China. RESULTS: In total, 59 patients (7.78%) had recurrent positive findings for COVID-19 on RT-PCR from throat swabs. With regard to antibody detection, 50/59 (84.75%) and 4/59 (6.78%) patients had positive IgG or dual positive IgG/IgM RDT results, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Some patients who had been quarantined and had subsequently recovered from COVID-19 had recurrent positive RT-PCR results for SARS-CoV-2, and the possibility of transmission of the virus by recovered patients needs further investigation. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Current Controlled Trials ChiCTR2000033580 , Jun 6th 2020. Retrospectively registered.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/genética , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/métodos , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/fisiopatologia , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/virologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
BMC Genomics ; 21(1): 719, 2020 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069230

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Flammulina filiformis (previously known as Asian F. velutipes) is a popular commercial edible mushroom. Many bioactive compounds with medicinal effects, such as polysaccharides and sesquiterpenoids, have been isolated and identified from F. filiformis, but their biosynthesis and regulation at the molecular level remains unclear. In this study, we sequenced the genome of the wild strain F. filiformis Liu355, predicted its biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) and profiled the expression of these genes in wild and cultivar strains and in different developmental stages of the wild F. filiformis strain by a comparative transcriptomic analysis. RESULTS: We found that the genome of the F. filiformis was 35.01 Mb in length and harbored 10,396 gene models. Thirteen putative terpenoid gene clusters were predicted and 12 sesquiterpene synthase genes belonging to four different groups and two type I polyketide synthase gene clusters were identified in the F. filiformis genome. The number of genes related to terpenoid biosynthesis was higher in the wild strain (119 genes) than in the cultivar strain (81 genes). Most terpenoid biosynthesis genes were upregulated in the primordium and fruiting body of the wild strain, while the polyketide synthase genes were generally upregulated in the mycelium of the wild strain. Moreover, genes encoding UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase and UDP-glucose dehydrogenase, which are involved in polysaccharide biosynthesis, had relatively high transcript levels both in the mycelium and fruiting body of the wild F. filiformis strain. CONCLUSIONS: F. filiformis is enriched in a number of gene clusters involved in the biosynthesis of polysaccharides and terpenoid bioactive compounds and these genes usually display differential expression between wild and cultivar strains, even in different developmental stages. This study expands our knowledge of the biology of F. filiformis and provides valuable data for elucidating the regulation of secondary metabolites in this unique F. filiformis strain.

13.
Mar Drugs ; 18(10)2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33081290

RESUMO

Viridicatol is a quinoline alkaloid isolated from the deep-sea-derived fungus Penicillium griseofulvum. The structure of viridicatol was unambiguously established by X-ray diffraction analysis. In this study, a mouse model of ovalbumin-induced food allergy and the rat basophil leukemia (RBL)-2H3 cell model were established to explore the anti-allergic properties of viridicatol. On the basis of the mouse model, we found viridicatol to alleviate the allergy symptoms; decrease the levels of specific immunoglobulin E, mast cell protease-1, histamine, and tumor necrosis factor-α; and promote the production of interleukin-10 in the serum. The treatment of viridicatol also downregulated the population of B cells and mast cells (MCs), as well as upregulated the population of regulatory T cells in the spleen. Moreover, viridicatol alleviated intestinal villi injury and inhibited the degranulation of intestinal MCs to promote intestinal barrier repair in mice. Furthermore, the accumulation of Ca2+ in RBL-2H3 cells was significantly suppressed by viridicatol, which could block the activation of MCs. Taken together, these data indicated that deep-sea viridicatol may represent a novel therapeutic for allergic diseases.

14.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(4): 400-404, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33089290

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To study the effect of chlorhexidine combined with mechanical debridement on peri-implant inflammation and the influence on SF-36 score of patients. METHODS: One hundred patients with peri-implantitis admitted to Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital from January 2015 to January 2019 were selected and randomly divided into control group and combined group with 50 cases in each group according to random number table method.Patients in both groups were treated with mechanical debridement, and patients in the combined group were gargled with chlorhexidine gargle apart from mechanical debridement. Plaque biofilm average activity and modified plaque index (mPLI), bleeding on probing (BOP), modified sulcus bleeding index (mSBI), probing the depth (PPD), clinical attachment level(AL) were measured before and after treatment. Sf-36 scale and VAS visual pain score were used to evaluate the quality of life and pain degree of patients, and the therapeutic effect and incidence of complications were assessed. The data were analyzed with SPSS 20.0 software package. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in average activity, mPLI, mSBI, AL, PPD, BOP, VAS and SF-36 scores between the two groups before treatment(P>0.05); after treatment, the average activity, mPLI, mSBI, AL, PPD, BOP and VAS scores of plaque biofilm in the combined group were significantly lower than those of the control group, and the total effective rate of SF-36 score was significantly higher than that of the control group. The total effective rate of the combined group was significantly higher than that of the control group(P<0.05). The incidence of complications in the combined group was significantly lower than that in the control group(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Chlorhexidine combined with mechanical debridement is an effective treatment of peri-implantitis, which can effectively inhibit plaque biofilm activity and plaque formation, alleviate pain and improve the quality of life of patients.


Assuntos
Clorexidina , Peri-Implantite , Clorexidina/uso terapêutico , Desbridamento , Índice de Placa Dentária , Humanos , Peri-Implantite/tratamento farmacológico , Qualidade de Vida
15.
Life Sci ; 262: 118543, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038381

RESUMO

AIMS: Premature ovarian failure (POF) is a phenomenon in which the ovaries fail before the age of 40 years. Prior research has used a wide range of mouse models designed to reflect different causes of POF, including genetic factors, iatrogenic factors, and immune factors. The current study employed a mouse model of POF induced by 4-vinylcyclohexene diepoxide (VCD). VCD can specifically kill primordial and primary ovarian follicles, which destroys the follicular reserve and causes POF. The current study sought to specify and extend the applications of this model by examining the effect of timing and VCD dose and by exploring the effect of the model on systems outside of the ovaries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A VCD-induced mouse model of POF was constructed using established methods (VCD injected continuously at a concentration of 160 mg/kg for 15 days). Evidence for a graded effect of VCD was observed using a range of concentrations, and the best windows for examining VCD's effects on follicles and associated tissues were identified. KEY FINDINGS: The mouse model used here successfully simulated two common complications of POF - emotional changes and decreased bone density. The model's application was then extended to examine the links between disease and intestinal microorganisms, and evidence was found linking POF to the reproductively relevant composition of the gut microbiota. SIGNIFICANCE: These findings provide novel methodological guidance for future research, and they significantly extend the applications and scope of VCD-induced POF mouse models.

16.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 113472, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068651

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Fufang Xueshuantong Capsule (FXC) is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula composed of four herbs including Panax notoginseng, Astragalus membranaceus, Salvia miltiorrhiza, and Scrophularia ningpoensis. Long-term and extensive clinical applications have confirmed that FXC could exert significant effects on fundus, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular occlusive diseases. AIM OF THE REVIEW: To systematically analyze and summarize the existing researches involving quality and efficacy re-evaluation of FXC, point out the typical problems, and further propose some opinions to contribute to future study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Literatures concerning FXC were collected from online scientific databases including China National Knowledge Infrastructure, WanFang Data, PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Web of Science, Springer Link up to June 2020. All eligible studies are analyzed and summarized in this review. RESULTS: This review outlines the chemical profiles, quality control, pharmacokinetic and pharmacological properties of FXC based on reported results. Some problems are pointed out for FXC: the quality control needs further improvement, the pharmacokinetic properties have not been comprehensively investigated, and in-depth and systematic mechanism researches are scarce. Hereon we propose several directions for future study: (a) establishment of feasible HPLC or LC-MS based quantitative methods for simultaneous determination of multiple components to monitor the overall quality; (b) pharmacokinetic studies concerning humans, drug-drug interactions, and correlation with pharmacodynamics; (c) pharmacological mechanism researches integrating multi-omics technologies (gut microbiome, metabolomics, etc.). CONCLUSIONS: This review highlights the researches on quality and efficacy re-evaluation of FXC, and points out some typical problems. Further in-depth studies should focus on the promotion of quality control, pharmacokinetic properties, and pharmacological mechanism.

17.
Respir Res ; 21(1): 272, 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076908

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The longer upper airway is more collapsible during sleep. This study aims to reveal relationships among upper airway length, weight, and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), particularly to answer why the upper airway of OSA patients is longer than that of healthy people and why some obese people suffer from OSA while others do not. METHODS: We perform head and neck MRI on male patients and controls, and measure > 20 morphological parameters, including several never before investigated, to quantify the effect of weight change on upper airway length. RESULTS: The upper airway length is longer in patients and correlates strongly to body weight. Weight increase leads to significant fat infiltration in the tongue, causing the hyoid to move downward and lengthen the airway in patients. The apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) strongly correlates to airway length and tongue size. Surprisingly, a distance parameter h and angle ß near the occipital bone both show significant differences between healthy males and patients due to their different head backward tilt angle, and strongly correlates with AHI. The contributions of downward hyoid movement and head tilt on airway lengthening are 67.4-80.5% and19.5-32.6%, respectively, in patients. The parapharyngeal fat pad also correlates strongly with AHI. CONCLUSIONS: The findings in this study reveal that the amount of body weight and distribution of deposited fat both affect airway length, and therefore OSA. Fat distribution plays a larger impact than the amount of weight, and is a better predictor of who among obese people are more prone to OSA.

18.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 584: 418-428, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33080502

RESUMO

Herein, the ultra-thin layer MoS2 coverd MoO2 nanocrystal arraying on sulfur-doped graphene framework (MoS2-MoO2/3DSG) is obtained via a simple hydrothermal procedure accompanied with high temperature annealing. Sodium thiosulfate and ethanethiol are used as sulfur sources to form three-dimensional sulfur doped graphene (3DSG) in the hydrothermal process. Importantly, MoO2 nano-particles are uniformly loaded on MoS2 nanosheets and 3DSG via in-situ collaborative technology. As a result, the stable conductive network take full use of the characteristics of high specific capacitance of MoO2 nanoparticles, convenient ion transport channel of two-dimensional MoS2 nanoflakes and efficient charge transfer and cross-linked 3DSG to improve the electrochemical activity and enhance the dynamics of electrons / ions, which is up to 1150.37 F g-1 specific capacitance and maintains 94.6% of the original capacitance after 10,000 cycles. Also, FeS2 nanoflowers in situ loading on 3DSG (FeS2/3DSG) with enhanced the overall performance of the device are fabricated. The asymmetric supercapacitor with the positive electrode of MoS2-MoO2/3DSG and the negative electrode of FeS2/3DSG can work efficiently and stably under the voltage of 1.7 V, and provide energy density of 87.38 Wh kg-1 at the power density of 683.94 Wkg-1, displaying an outstanding application prospect for energy storage.

19.
Exp Cell Res ; : 112336, 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33091421

RESUMO

Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease that result in severe loss of supporting structures and substantial tooth loss. Oxidative stress is tightly involved in the progression of periodontitis. Tripartite Motif 16 (TRIM16) has been identified as a novel regulatory protein in response to oxidative and proteotoxic stresses. The present study aimed to investigate the role of TRIM16 in human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) under oxidative stress. First, we found that the expression of TRIM16 decreased after exposure to H2O2. Then TRIM16 overexpression alleviated H2O2-induced oxidative stress by enhancing antioxidant capacity and reducing the amount of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS). TRIM16 increased cell viability, inhibited cell apoptosis and the depolarization of the mitochondrial membrane potential in hPDLSCs. Furthermore, TRIM16 attenuated H2O2-induced suppression of osteogenic differentiation. Mechanistically, TRIM16 promoted the activation of protein kinase C (PKC)-interacting cousin of thioredoxin (PICOT), p-Akt and Nrf2, while knockdown of PICOT reversed TRIM16-mediated ROS resistance and decreased the expression of p-Akt and Nrf2. In conclusion, TRIM16 alleviated oxidative damage in hPDLSCs via the activation of PICOT/Akt/Nrf2 pathway, suggesting that TRIM16 could be a promising target to develop effective therapies for periodontitis.

20.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33094758

RESUMO

The in situ and real-time supervision of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated during photodynamic therapy (PDT) is of great significance for lessening nonspecific damage and guiding personalized therapy. However, photosensitizers frequently fail to deliver successful treatment accompanying the ROS-related imaging signals produced, impeding simple treatment outcome predictions and therapeutic schedule adjustments. Here, we report a two-photon fluorescence self-reporting strategy for the in situ and real-time monitoring of treatment response via a novel black phosphorus-based two-photon nanoprobe (TPBP). TPBP effectively generated singlet oxygen (1O2) under near-infrared laser irradiation for PDT, and 1O2 stimulated a two-photon molecule to emit fluorescence signals for feedback of 1O2 generation, which facilitated the regulation of treatment parameters to achieve precise and personalized medicine in deep tissue.

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