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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 382: 121007, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31445414

RESUMO

Fenton-like degradations of dimethyl phthalate (DMP) and phenolic compounds (phenol, catechol, resorcinol, and hydroquinone) in single and binary systems were investigated by focusing on the Fe(III)/Fe(II) redox cycle during the reaction processes. Quinone-like substances were generated and found to be responsible for the autocatalytic transformation of Fe(III) to Fe(II) in the Fenton-like process with DMP or phenolics. Moreover, phenolic compounds could accelerate the Fenton-like degradation of DMP, with an increased efficiency of H2O2 utilization. The effect of phenolic compounds on the degradation of DMP followed the order: catechol ≈ hydroquinone > resorcinol > phenol, which could be attributed to the interaction between quinone-like substances and iron ions. Hydroquinone-like substances accelerated the Fe(III)/(II) redox cycle. The formation of iron complexes between catechol-like substances and iron ions facilitated the release of H+ and regeneration of Fe(II). In addition, a plausible mechanism for enhanced Fenton-like degradation of DMP by phenolics was proposed.

2.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 32(5): 055001, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604336

RESUMO

The exploration of new monolayer materials always attracts much attention due to the extraordinary properties and promising applications. Here we predict two monolayered aluminum triphosphides (AlP3) with C2/m and P3m1 space groups with a tunable bandgap under strain as the new members of the 2D XP3 family by using the first principles calculations. The stabilities of the predicted structures are confirmed with the phonon dispersion curves and molecular dynamics. Unlike the narrow bandgaps of the reported XP3 monolayers, the larger bandgaps of 1.78 (HSE06) or 1.91 eV (G0W0) for C2/m and 1.42 (HSE06) or 2.14 eV (G0W0) for P3m1 AlP3 monolayers are observed. The high mobility of 1.01 × 105 and 1.62 × 104 cm2 V-1 s-1 are observed for the electron of P3m1 and the hole of C2/m. The optical absorptions of the AlP3 monolayers, in particular, the one with C2/m, are obviously strong in the visible light range. These results imply that the monolayers are promising in the optoelectronic application. Unfortunately, the undesirable band edges make them not suitable for water splitting in spite of the strong optical absorption coefficient in the visible light range. However, an obvious effect of strain engineering is demonstrated for the monolayers. Under -2% and -3% biaxial strain, the band edges of P3m1 AlP3 can straddle the redox potential of water and meet the requirement of photocatalytic water splitting. Therefore, the P3m1 AlP3 monolayer can also be a promising candidate for the photocatalytic water splitting to produce hydrogen driven by the visible light.

3.
Water Res ; 168: 115164, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629229

RESUMO

Carbamazepine (CBZ) is a typical pharmaceutical residue commonly found in aqueous environments, but its removal through activated carbon or advanced oxidation processes is often disrupted by co-existing organic matter. An imprinting system which consisted of the target pollutant CBZ (template molecule) and 10 different kinds of functional monomers was constructed via molecular simulation to screen for appropriate monomers, thereby addressing CBZ removal disruptions. An annealing method simulation was used to search for stable, low-energy conformations of the template-monomer interaction system to calculate the binding energy of these different monomers with CBZ. The order of binding affinity calculated was: 4-vinylbenzoic acid > itaconic acid > methacrylic acid, which was consistent with the experimental observations. The adsorption capacity of the molecular imprinted polymer (MIP) prepared using 4-vinylbenzoic acid reached 28.40 mg/g, and the imprinting factor reached 2.72. The simulation and measurement of the ultraviolet spectrum of the imprinting system showed that a new interaction system was formed between the template and monomers, and that multiple binding conformations between them took place when specific recognition occurred. Energy calculation and hydrogen bond analysis revealed that the van der Waals force, including the π-π conjugate and electrostatic forces including hydrogen bonding, played an important role during selective adsorption, which was confirmed by infrared spectroscopy analysis.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Impressão Molecular , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Adsorção , Carbamazepina
4.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 107: 110228, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761154

RESUMO

This study simulated the high-phosphorus (Pi) environment in patients with chronic kidney disease. Nano-hydroxyapatite (HAP) crystals were used to damage rat aortic smooth muscle cells (A7R5) pre-damaged with different concentrations of Pi solution to compare the differences in HAP-induced calcification in A7R5 cells before and after injury by high-Pi condition. After the A7R5 cells were damaged by high-Pi environment, the following were observed. HAP resulted in declined cell viability and lysosomal integrity, release of lactate dehydrogenase, and increased reactive oxygen species production. The ability of high-Pi damaged cells to internalize HAP crystals declined; crystal adhesion and calcium deposition on the cell surface and alkaline phosphatase activities increased. Osteopontin expression and level of Runt-related transcription factor 2 were increased, and HAP-induced osteogenic transformation was enhanced. High-Pi condition promoted the adhesion of A7R5 cells to nano-HAP crystals and inhibited HAP endocytosis, increasing the risk of calcification.

5.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(3): 1838-1844, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492350

RESUMO

Pt/Bi2WO6 composite photocatalysts were prepared by a facile photoreduction method. Pt nanoparticles with an average size of 5-8 nm were successfully deposited on the surface of Bi2WO6 microspheres and the photocatalytic activity of Bi2WO6 was greatly improved by Pt nanoparticles. The photo-induced charge transfer properties of samples were studied by means of surface photovoltage (SPV) and transient photovoltage (TPV) techniques, giving an insight into the intrinsic reasons of the improvement in photocatalytic activity. The SPV and TPV results revealed that the deposited Pt nanoparticles could trap photo-induced electrons and then largely enhance the separation efficiency of photo-induced charge carriers.

6.
Enzyme Microb Technol ; 132: 109409, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31731962

RESUMO

Zygosaccharomyces rouxii is a well-known salt-tolerant yeast. In our previous study, it was interesting that Z. rouxii could produce higher levels of 4-hydroxy-2, 5-dimethyl-3(2 H)-furanone in 120 g/L D-fructose and 180 g/L NaCl involved YPD medium at 5 d. In order to explore the resistance and furanone production mechanisms of Z. rouxii under D-fructose regulation, a comparative transcriptomics method in Z. rouxii was to set to find differentially expressed genes, the physiological and biochemical indexes (growth and cell morphology, lipid peroxidation and relative electrical conductivity, the antioxidant enzymes activity), and the expression of oxidoreductase activity genes. The results indicated that a larger number of different expressed genes at transcriptome analysis, such as the series antioxidant enzymes were related to the resistance characteristics. Research had confirmed that the living cell numbers and cell areas of D-fructose regulation group were significantly lower than the controls at the initial stage, while those higher than of the controls at the late stage. During the fermentation period, the lipid peroxidation and the relative electrical conductivity of the yeast cell membrane were increased. And also the D-fructose regulation group present lower inhibition superoxide anion ability. The activity of CAT in the D-fructose regulation group was always higher than that of the control group. Only the activity of GSH-Px was found to be significantly increased at 1 d except for other enzymes activities. Most of the oxidoreductase activity genes, such as especially the GSH-Px gene under D-fructose regulation conditions were expressed at higher levels than those of control groups. Combining the levels of transcription and enzymes activity data, those could understand that exogenous D-fructose had a stress effect on Z. rouxii at the early stage of culture. With the fermentation time progress, it was no longer a stressor substance for the Z. rouxii, and changed the nutrient to promote growth of Z. rouxii in the later stages. During the whole process, GSH-Px was the main defense enzyme and CAT was the sustained defense enzyme. Therefore, the experimental results might provide effective mechanisms in Z. rouxii for practical application of furanone production in the industry under exogenous D-fructose regulation.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17887, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702664

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica (DEH), also known as Trevor disease, is a rare, developmental bone disorder of childhood. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 9-year-old girl was admitted due to pain in front of the medial malleolus of her right foot after a long walk or distance movement, in which the pain could be relieved after rest, while it was repeated and lasted for several months. DIAGNOSIS: Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica INTERVENTIONS:: The patient underwent an open resection surgery. After operation, the pain was totally relieved. Postoperative pathological diagnosis showed DEH. OUTCOMES: At the 6-month follow-up, pain and claudication symptoms fully disappeared, and range of motion of the right foot returned to normal level. CONCLUSIONS: Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica is an uncommon disease which can cause pain of foot in children. LESSONS: When the pediatric orthopedic surgeon treated the children suffered with foot pain should be aware of this rare disease, especially accessory scaphoid bone was found in another foot.


Assuntos
Doenças do Desenvolvimento Ósseo/diagnóstico , Fêmur/anormalidades , Osso Escafoide/anormalidades , Tíbia/anormalidades , Doenças do Desenvolvimento Ósseo/cirurgia , Criança , Feminino , Fêmur/cirurgia , Pé/patologia , Humanos , Osso Escafoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Osso Escafoide/cirurgia , Tíbia/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 18: 727-738, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726389

RESUMO

Melanoma is a highly aggressive tumor with a poor prognosis, and half of all melanoma patients harbor BRAF mutations. A BRAF inhibitor, vemurafenib (PLX4032), has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medicines Agency (EMA) to treat advanced melanoma patients with BRAFV600E mutation. However, the efficacy of vemurafenib is impeded by adaptive resistance in almost all patients. In this study, using a cell-based SELEX (systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment) strategy, we obtained a DNA aptamer (named LL4) with high affinity and specificity against vemurafenib-resistant melanoma cells. Optimized truncated form (LL4A) specifically binds to vemurafenib-resistant melanoma cells with dissociation constants in the nanomolar range and with excellent stability and low toxicity. Meanwhile, fluorescence imaging confirmed that LL4A significantly accumulated in tumors formed by vemurafenib-resistant melanoma cells, but not in control tumors formed by their corresponding parental cells in vivo. Further, a transmembrane protein CD63 was identified as the binding target of aptamer LL4A using a pull-down assay combined with the liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method. CD63 formed a supramolecular complex with TIMP1 and ß1-integrin, activated the nuclear factor кB (NF-кB) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways, and contributed to vemurafenib resistance. Potentially, the aptamer LL4A may be used diagnostically and therapeutically in humans to treat targeted vemurafenib-resistant melanoma.

9.
Exp Mol Pathol ; 112: 104328, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678237

RESUMO

Isoflurane is a commonly used inhalational anesthetic that can induce neurotoxicity, while Dexmedetomidine (Dex) has significant neuroprotective effects. In our study, we explored the effects of Dex on isoflurane-induced neurotoxicity through the TLR2/NF-κB signaling pathway. Seven-day old neonatal Sprague-Dawley rats pretreated with 25, 50, 75 µg/kg Dex were exposed to 0.75% isoflurane for 6 h. Spatial learning and memory abilities were detected by Morris water maze test. Ultrastructure of hippocampal neurons, neuronal apoptosis, and the levels of TLR2/NF-κB signaling pathway-related factors were determined. Besides, TLR2 agonist Pam3CSK4 or NF-κB inhibitor BAY11-7082 was injected to further validate the involvement of TLR2/NF-κB signaling following Dex treatment. Consequently, we found isoflurane inhalation resulted in increased cell apoptosis, inflammation and TLR2/NF-κB signaling pathway activation, and decreased PSD95 expression and spatial learning and memory abilities. Dex led to decreased inflammation, improved neuronal structure and viability in rats as well as enhanced spatial learning and memory abilities of rats, and it inactivated the TLR2/NF-κB signaling pathway. Additionally, Pam3CSK4 injection reversed the protective effects of Dex on isoflurane-induced neurotoxicity. In conclusion, this study provided evidence that Dex could alleviate isoflurane-induced neurotoxicity through inhibition of the TLR2/NF-κB signaling pathway. The findings may offer novel insights for the clinical usage of anesthetics.

10.
Cognition ; 195: 104077, 2019 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770670

RESUMO

Risky decisions are ubiquitous in daily life and are central to human behavior, but little attention has been devoted to exploring whether risky choice can be influenced by gaze direction. In the current study, we used gaze-contingent manipulation to manipulate an individual's gaze while he/she decided between two risky options, and we examined whether risky decisions could be biased toward a randomly determined target. We found that participants' risky choices were biased toward a randomly determined target when they were manipulated to gaze longer at the target option (Study 1, N=37; Study 3, N=40) or at the target outcome dimension (Study 2, N=37). We also found that both the relative time advantage and the location of the last fixation mediated the effect of the gaze-contingent manipulation on risky choice in the valid trials. However, the mediation effects of the relative time advantage and the location of the last fixation were not significant when timed-out trials were included in Studies 2 and 3, indicating that the gaze-contingent manipulation did not effectively enforce a bias toward attending to a particular stimulus through eye gaze in all trials. Future work is needed to improve the effectiveness of the gaze-contingent prompt procedure.

11.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 31(10): 1264-1268, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31771726

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors related to severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) with intestine functional disturbance (IFD) and to establish the multiple predictor models of SAP with IFD. METHODS: Clinical data of consecutive SAP patients admitted to department of gastroenterology of Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2015 to March 2019 were retrospectively collected and analyzed. According to the occurrence of IFD at 48 hours after onset, the patients were divided into IFD group and control group. The clinical indicators within 4 hours after admission were compared between the two groups, and the independent predictive factors for SAP with IFD were screened by single factor analysis and multiple classified Logistic regression analysis. The unweighted predictive score (unwScore) and weighted predictive score (wScore) models were constructed by combining the independent predictors. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves of SAP patients with IFD were plotted by independent predictive factors and predictive models, and the clinical predictive effect of each independent predictive index and predictive models were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 149 patients with SAP were enrolled, including 87 males and 62 females, with age of (52.8±18.1) years old. There were 45 patients in IFD group and 104 patients in control group.Univariate analysis and multiple classified Logistic regression analysis showed that high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine (SCr), serum calcium (Ca), procalcitonin (PCT) and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) were independent predictive factors of SAP with IFD. The ROC curve was used to calculate the cut-off value of the above indexes to predict IFD, and unwScore model was established. The cut-off score of IFD prediction by the unwScore model was 3 points, and the probability of IFD increased with the increase of the score. The area under ROC curve (AUC) of unwScore was 0.944, the sensitivity was 95.6%, the specificity was 94.2%, the positive predictive value (PPV) was 87.8%, and the negative predictive value (NPV) was 98.0%. The binary Logistic regression analysis of hs-CRP, BUN, Ca, SCr, PCT and NLR were carried out, and wScore model was established. The AUC of wScore was 0.959, the sensitivity was 95.9%, the specificity was 96.2%, the PPV was 91.5%, and the NPV was 98.1%; predictive value was superior to each independent index and unwScore model. CONCLUSIONS: hs-CRP, BUN, SCr, Ca, PCT and NLR were independent predictive factors of SAP with IFD. The multiple predictor models of SAP with IFD have a good predictive efficiency which may provide valuable clinical reference for prediction and treatment.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31773909

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of liraglutide on the body weight set point (BWSP) in diet-induced obese rats and to determine the relationship between BWSP and hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC) microglial activation. METHODS: Diet-induced obesity (DIO) rats were divided into three groups: continuous high-fat diet (HFD) plus saline, HFD with liraglutide, and HFD with liraglutide pair feeding. Body weight, BWSP, inflammatory cytokines, suppressor of cytokine signaling 3, orexigenic/anorexigenic proteins, apoptosis, and microglia in the ARC were assessed. The effect of liraglutide on the Notch-1 signaling pathway and its relationships with  nuclear factor-κB and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase were also investigated in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced microglia activation model. RESULTS: Liraglutide reduced BWSP; reversed adverse changes in hypothalamic inflammation, suppressor of cytokine signaling 3, and apoptosis; and diminished microgliosis in DIO rats. The BWSP showed a linear correlation with ARC microglial density. Liraglutide inhibited LPS-induced M1 microglial polarization and promoted microglial polarization to the M2 phenotype, diminishing inflammatory cytokine expression. Liraglutide inhibited Notch-1 signaling pathway activation and decreased nuclear factor-κB and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway activation in LPS-stimulated microglia. CONCLUSIONS: Liraglutide can reduce BWSP in DIO rats. There is a linear correlation between hypothalamic microgliosis and BWSP. Liraglutide reduces excessive microglial activation and inflammation, which may contribute to BWSP reduction.

13.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31777879

RESUMO

The crucial hierarchy of the interfacial passivation at different positions of perovskite solar cells together with the corresponding mechanism has been studied despite the selection of passivation mediums in this work. The passivation on the upper interface could more effectively enhance the device performance with an efficiency of 19.55% compared to the pristine and lower passivated cells (15.90% and 18.39%, respectively). Furthermore, the upper passivated devices exhibit better long-term and thermal stability than the lower passivated and pristine ones.

14.
BMC Immunol ; 20(1): 42, 2019 11 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718550

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myeloid cells, especially mononuclear phagocytes, which include monocytes, macrophages and dendritic cells (DC), play vital roles in innate immunity, and in the initiation and maintenance of adaptive immunity. While T cell-associated activation pathways and cytokines have been identified and evaluated in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients (Neurath, Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol 14:269-78, 1989), the role of mononuclear phagocytes are less understood. Recent reports support the crucial role of DC subsets in the development of acute colitis models (Arimura et al., Mucosal Immunol 10:957-70, 2017), and suggest they may contribute to the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC) by inducing Th1/Th2/Th17 responses (Matsuno et al., Inflamm Bowel Dis 23:1524-34, 2017). RESULTS: We performed in silico analysis and evaluated the enrichment of immune cells, with a focus on mononuclear phagocytes in IBD patient colonic biopsies. Samples were from different gut locations, with different levels of disease severity, and with treatment response to current therapies. We observe enrichment of monocytes, M1 macrophages, activated DCs (aDCs) and plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) in inflamed tissues from various gut locations. This enrichment correlates with disease severity. Additionally, the same mononuclear phagocytes subsets are among the top enriched cell types in both infliximab and vedolizumab treatment non-responder samples. We further investigated the enrichment of selected DC and monocyte subsets based on gene signatures derived from a DC- and monocyte-focused single cell RNA-seq (scRNA-seq) study (Villani et al., Science 356:eaah4573, 2017), and verified enrichment in both inflamed tissues and those with treatment resistance. Moreover, we validated an increased mononuclear phagocyte subset abundance in a Dextran Sulphate Sodium (DSS) induced colitis model in C57Bl/6 mice representative of chronic inflammation. CONCLUSIONS: We conducted an extensive analysis of immune cell populations in IBD patient colonic samples and identified enriched subsets of monocytes, macrophages and dendritic cells in inflamed tissues. Understanding how they interact with other immune cells and other cells in the colonic microenvironment such as epithelial and stromal cells will help us to delineate disease pathogenesis.

15.
J Phys Chem B ; 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710227

RESUMO

The ligand shell of a nanoparticle (NP) determines most of the interfacial properties through its composition and structure. Despite widespread study over the years, the factors impacting the ligand shell structures, especially the effects of ligand-adsorption kinetics in solution, are still not clear and even conflict with each other. We have developed an adsorption-migration reaction model to study the dynamic evolution processes of binary ligands on NP surfaces during adsorption reaction. Apparent dependence of the structure of ligand shells on ligand-adsorption and phase-separation rates has been found, which induces the formation of different shell patterns, including Janus, patchy, stripe, and island patterns. The formation process of these patterns accords with different reaction kinetic pathways, depending on the nature of ligands. Further screening the role of the NPs' curvature reveals that it can indirectly influence the ligand-adsorption and phase-separation kinetics. As the NPs' curvature increases, an accelerated ligand-adsorption and phase-separation process on NPs will happen, resulting in the preferential formation of more ordered Janus or stripe patterns. These results suggest that controlling the reaction kinetics is key to effectively regulating the composition and morphology of binary ligands on NPs. They also provide principles for guiding the experimental studies to fabricate novel NPs with a functional surface for use in broad nanoscience fields.

16.
Sci Total Environ ; : 135491, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740063

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brucellosis has always been one of the major public health problems in China. Investigating the influencing factors of brucellosis is conducive to its prevention and control. The incidence trend of brucellosis shows an obvious seasonality, suggesting that there may be a correlation between brucellosis and meteorological factors, but related studies were few. We aimed to use the autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model to analyze the relationship between meteorological factors and brucellosis. METHODS: The data of monthly incidence of brucellosis and meteorological factors in Hebei province from January 2004 to December 2015 were collected from the Chinese Public Health Science Data Center and Chinese meteorological data website. An ARIMA model incorporated with covariables was conducted to estimate the effects of meteorological variables on brucellosis. RESULTS: There was a highest peak from May to July every year and an upward trend during the study period. Atmospheric pressure, wind speed, mean temperature, and relative humidity had significant effects on brucellosis. The ARIMA(1,0,0)(1,1,0)12 model with the covariates of atmospheric pressure, wind speed and mean temperature was the optimal model. The results showed that the atmospheric pressure with a 2-month lag (ß = -0.004, p = 0.037), the wind speed with a 1-month lag (ß = 0.030, p = 0.035), and the mean temperature with a 2-month lag (ß = -0.003, p = 0.034) were significant predictors. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that atmospheric pressure, wind speed, mean temperature, and relative humidity have a significant impact on brucellosis. Further understanding of its mechanism would help facilitate the monitoring and early warning of brucellosis.

17.
J Pharm Pharmacol ; 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743450

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to explore the mechanism of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata (ALRP) and Zingiberis Rhizoma (ZR) on doxorubicin (DOX)-induced chronic heart failure (CHF) in rats by integrated approaches. METHODS: Effects of ALRP and ZR on cardiac function, serum biochemical indicators and histopathology in rats were analysed. Moreover, UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS was performed to identify the potential metabolites affecting the pathological process of CHF. Metabolomics and network pharmacology analyses were conducted to illustrate the possible pathways and network in CHF treatment. The predicted gene expression levels in heart tissue were verified and assessed by RT-PCR. KEY FINDINGS: ALRP-ZR demonstrated remarkable promotion of hemodynamic indices and alleviated histological damage of heart tissue. Metabolomics analyses showed that the therapeutic effect of ALRP and ZR is mainly associated with the regulation of eight metabolites and ten pathways, which may be responsible for the therapeutic efficacy of ALRP-ZR. Moreover, the results of RT-PCR showed that ALRP-ZR could substantially increase the expression level of energy metabolism-related genes, including PPARδ, PPARγ, Lpl, Scd, Fasn and Pla2g2e. CONCLUSIONS: The results highlighted the role of ALRP-ZR in the treatment of CHF by influencing the metabolites related to energy metabolism pathway via metabolomics and network pharmacology analyses.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31745787

RESUMO

The essential oils (EOs) from aerial parts of Saussurea amara (L.) DC. (SAEO) and Sigesbeckia pubescens Makino (SPEO) were analyzed for their chemical composition by GC-MS, and their repellent activities against adults of the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum Herbst, as well as the booklouse, Liposcelis bostrychophila Badonnel, were evaluated for the first time. Results of GC-MS analysis indicated that both SAEO and SPEO were characterized by high content of sesquiterpenoids (relative content > 70%) including oxygenated sesquiterpenoids. The two oil samples and their major component caryophyllene oxide exerted beneficial repellent effects on T. castaneum and L. bostrychophila at 2 and 4 h post-exposure. At 4 h post-exposure, the PR value of caryophyllene oxide could still reach 92% (class V) against T. castaneum at minimum testing concentration of 3.15 nL/cm2, and this compound was observed to result in the greatest repellency (PR = 100%) against L. bostrychophila at 12.63 nL/cm2. This work confirmed the potent repellent efficacy of SAEO and SPEO for controlling pest damage and suggested their potential to be developed into botanical repellents.

19.
Int J Mol Med ; 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746354

RESUMO

Senescence of cardiomyocytes is considered a key factor for the occurrence of doxorubicin (Dox)­associated cardiomyopathy. The NOD­like receptor family pyrin domain­containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is reported to be involved in the process of cellular senescence. Furthermore, thioredoxin­interactive protein (TXNIP) is required for NLRP3 inflammasome activation and is considered to be a key component in the regulation of the pathogenesis of senescence. Studies have demonstrated that pretreatment with honokiol (Hnk) can alleviate Dox­induced cardiotoxicity. However, the impact of Hnk on cardiomyocyte senescence elicited by Dox and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. The present study demonstrated that Hnk was able to prevent Dox­induced senescence of H9c2 cardiomyocytes, indicated by decreased senescence­associated ß­galactosidase (SA­ß­gal) staining, as well as decreased expression of p16INK4A and p21. Hnk also inhibited TXNIP expression and NLRP3 inflammasome activation in Dox­stimulated H9c2 cardiomyocytes. When TXNIP expression was enforced by adenovirus­mediated gene overexpression, the NLRP3 inflammasome was activated, which led to inhibition of the anti­inflammation and anti­senescence effects of Hnk on H9c2 cardiomyocytes under Dox treatment. Furthermore, adenovirus­mediated TXNIP­silencing inhibited the NLRP3 inflammasome. Consistently, TXNIP knockdown enhanced the anti­inflammation and anti­senescence effects of Hnk on H9c2 cardiomyocytes under Dox stimulation. In summary, Hnk was found to be effective in protecting cardiomyocytes against Dox­stimulated senescence. This protective effect was mediated via the inhibition of TXNIP expression and the subsequent suppression of the NLRP3 inflammasome. These results demonstrated that Hnk may be of value as a cardioprotective drug by inhibiting cardiomyocyte senescence.

20.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2019 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680420

RESUMO

Hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) plays a critical role in the apoptotic process during cardiac ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. This study aimed to investigate whether post-treatment with dexmedetomidine (DEX) could protect against I/R-induced cardiac apoptosis in vivo and in vitro via regulating HIF-1α signalling pathway. Rat myocardial I/R was induced by occluding the left anterior descending artery for 30 minutes followed by 6-hours reperfusion, and cardiomyocyte hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) was induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation for 6 hours followed by 3-hours reoxygenation. Dexmedetomidine administration at the beginning of reperfusion or reoxygenation attenuated I/R-induced myocardial injury or H/R-induced cell death, alleviated mitochondrial dysfunction, reduced the number of apoptotic cardiomyocytes, inhibited the activation of HIF-1α and modulated the expressions of apoptosis-related proteins including BCL-2, BAX, BNIP3, cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved PARP. Conversely, the HIF-1α prolyl hydroxylase-2 inhibitor IOX2 partly blocked DEX-mediated cardioprotection both in vivo and in vitro. Mechanistically, DEX down-regulated HIF-1α expression at the post-transcriptional level and inhibited the transcriptional activation of the target gene BNIP3. Post-treatment with DEX protects against cardiac I/R injury in vivo and H/R injury in vitro. These effects are, at least in part, mediated via the inhibition of cell apoptosis by targeting HIF-1α signalling.

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