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1.
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis ; 22(7): 402-407, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35834662

RESUMO

Background: Jingmen tick virus (JMTV) has attracted great attention due to its potential pathogenicity in humans and its transmission by ticks. Dermacentor silvarum (D. silvarum) is one of the dominant tick species in northeastern China, and can transmit many pathogens to humans and animals. However, there have been no report of transmission of JMTV by D. silvarum. Materials and Methods: Ticks were collected from vegetation at the Aershan Port in Inner Mongolia in April 2019. And we do attempt to infect D. silvarum with JMTV by the immersion technique in laboratory conditions. The transmission of JMTV was examined by reverse transcriptase PCR, fluorescence in situ hybridization, and indirect immunofluorescence assay. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 24.0. Results: We found that JMTV may only be maintained in the tick without replication, and could not be transmitted to a host following transstadial transmission. Moreover, no virus colonization was found in the midgut or salivary glands of unfed D. silvarum; therefore, D. silvarum may not be susceptible to JMTV infection and therefore unlikely to carry and transmit JMTV. Conclusion: Our study has to some extent filled the knowledge gap regarding the possibility of JMTV transmission by a medically important tick vector, D. silvarum.


Assuntos
Dermacentor , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Dermacentor/genética , Vetores de Doenças , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente/veterinária
2.
J Fluoresc ; 2022 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35618873

RESUMO

A novel near-infrared fluorescent probe SWJT-5 based on dicyanoisophorone was synthesized. It achieved the rapid (within 40 s) and discriminative detection of Cys over Hcy and GSH with a large Stokes shift (205 nm). It showed high selectivity and sensitivity for Cys, and had an obvious enhancement of fluorescence emission. The detection limit was 0.43 µM. This probe also had low background interference and little damage to biological samples. Therefore, SWJT-5 had been applied to bioimaging in living cells successfully.

3.
Cell Biol Toxicol ; 2022 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35348966

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mitophagy protects against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (CI/R)-induced neuronal apoptosis via mitochondrial clearance. Although taurine-upregulated gene 1 (lncRNA TUG1) has been proposed to be involved in the neuronal apoptosis evoked by CI/R, its specific role in mitophagy during the progression of CI/R injury remains unknown. METHODS: The CI/R rat model was established using middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion (MCAO/R). Human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y was subjected to oxygen-glucose deprivation and reoxygenation (OGD/R). Ubiquitination assay, co-immunoprecipitation assay, RNA pull-down, and RNA immunoprecipitation were used to determine the interplay among TUG1, sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), and F-box and WD repeat domain-containing 7 (FBXW7). RESULTS: The upregulation of the TUG1 level and downregulation of the mitophagy were observed in both MCAO/R-treated rats and OGD/R-treated cells. The administration of si-TUG1 (a siRNA directed against TUG1) potentiated mitophagy and suppressed neuronal apoptosis in OGD/R-treated cells. However, the neuroprotective effect of si-TUG1 was reversed by mitophagy inhibitor or SIRT1 knockdown in vitro. Functionally, TUG1 enhanced FBXW7-mediated SIRT1 ubiquitination by upregulating FBXW7 expression. The overexpression of FBXW7 abrogated the si-TUG1-reinforced mitophagy by decreasing SIRT1 expression, thus aggravating neuronal apoptosis in the OGD/R+si-TUG1-treated cells. In rats with MCAO/R, the interference of TUG1 clearly decreased neuronal apoptosis, lessened the infarct volume, and relieved the neurological deficits. CONCLUSION: TUG1 knockdown promotes SIRT1-induced mitophagy by suppressing FBXW7-mediated SIRT1 degradation, thus relieving the neuronal apoptosis induced by CI/R injury. LncRNA TUG1 promotes neuronal apoptosis through inhibition of mitophagy. TUG1 decreased SIRT1 expression by promoting FBXW7-mediated SIRT1 ubiquitination. FBXW7/SIRT1 axis mediated the effect of TUG1 on OGD/R-induced neuronal apoptosis by regulating mitophagy.

5.
Ticks Tick Borne Dis ; 12(3): 101679, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33578256

RESUMO

Ticks and tick-borne rickettsial diseases have been gaining greater attention in China over the past decade. However, most published studies to date have occurred in Northern China, with limited investigations occurring in China's southern provinces. As part of larger surveillance efforts, a cross-sectional survey was conducted in six sites at Guangdong, Guangxi and Yunnan investigating rickettsial infection in ticks. A total of 581 ticks were collected from hosts and screened via PCR, targeting rrs, gltA, ompB, sca4, and ompA gene fragments. Two of 12 Haemaphysalis formosensis ticks were infected with novel Rickettsia strain GD01, which was closest phylogenetically (97.3-98.9 % identity) to Rickettsia tamurae strain AT-1, but not within the same clade. Another detected strain (GD02) shared similar identity, 99-100 % across four gene targets, to recently detected Candidatus Rickettsia longicornii isolate ROK-HL727, with an overall prevalence of 12.5 % (71/569). The presence of such pathogens calls for increased public health attention and active surveillance in patients reporting recent tick bites.


Assuntos
Genes Bacterianos , Rickettsia/isolamento & purificação , Carrapatos/microbiologia , Animais , China , Estudos Transversais , Filogenia , Rickettsia/classificação , Rickettsia/genética
6.
Org Biomol Chem ; 19(4): 873-877, 2021 01 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33409526

RESUMO

A dicyanoisophorone/acrylate-combined probe (DDP) was synthesized and designed as a near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent sensor for the rapid identification of Cys over Hcy and GSH in aqueous solution with a large Stokes shift (143 nm). The detection limit of Cys was 1.23 µM, which was lower than that of the intracellular Cys concentration. DDP was cell membrane-permeable and had been successfully applied to the detection of intracellular Cys in HeLa cells. The detection mechanism was determined by 1H NMR titration, MS and DFT calculations.


Assuntos
Bioensaio/métodos , Cicloexanonas/química , Cisteína/química , Cisteína/metabolismo , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Raios Infravermelhos , Teoria da Densidade Funcional , Células HeLa , Humanos , Espaço Intracelular/metabolismo , Limite de Detecção , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular
7.
Cell Cycle ; 20(1): 54-64, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33345691

RESUMO

Studies have extensively focused on the involvement of microRNAs (miRNAs) in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury but not much on the specific role of miR-20a. Hence, this study is purposed to decipher whether miR-20a could regulate cadherin 1 (CDH1) to affect cerebral I/R injury in rats. Rat transient middle cerebral artery occlusion model (MCAO) was established. Rats were injected with lentiviral solution containing miR-20a inhibitor, or overexpressed CDH1 or combined depleted miR-20a and CDH1 to explore their roles in cerebral I/R injury. Oxidative stress-related factors, miR-20a, CDH1, nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) and Nestin expression in brain tissues were detected by RT-qPCR and western blot assay. The target relation between miR-20a and CDH1 was predicted by online website and further confirmed by luciferase activity assay. In rats with cerebral I/R injury, increased miR-20a and decreased CDH1 were found in brain tissues. Reduction of miR-20a or elevation of CDH1 attenuated behavior function in MCAO rats. Inhibiting miR-20a or restoring CDH1 restrained oxidative stress, attenuated pathological damage of neurons, promoted neuron survival, and down-regulated NF-κB and Nestin expression in brain tissues of MCAO rats. CDH1 was determined to a target gene of miR-20a. This study elucidates that down-regulating miR-20a elevates CDH1 to protect neurons from cerebral I/R injury, which paves a new way for treatment of cerebral I/R injury.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/genética , Caderinas/genética , Regulação para Baixo/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/genética , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/genética , Masculino , NF-kappa B/genética , Neurônios/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo/genética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Regulação para Cima/genética
8.
Waste Manag ; 121: 1-10, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33341689

RESUMO

Anaerobic digestion is a feasible and promising technique to deal with emerging waste activated sludge issues. In this work, the hydrodynamics and digestion performance of horizontal anaerobic systems equipped with double-bladed impeller and ribbon impeller were investigated. Simulation using computational fluid dynamics technique visually showcased the favorable mixing status implementing ribbon impeller. The mixing modes were considered as the major motivation for the difference of mixing efficiencies. Tracing experiment indicated that the minimum thorough mixing time with ribbon impeller was 20 min at a rotation speed of 50 rpm, whereas it was 360 min for the double-bladed impeller under similar conditions. The superior mixing performance of ribbon impeller resulted in better anaerobic digestion and energy efficiency outputs. The digester employing ribbon impeller obtained an ultimate biogas yield of 340.38 ± 15.91 mL/g VS (corresponding methane yield of 210.34 ± 7.55 mL/g VS) and produced a surplus energy of 16.23 ± 0.76 MJ/(m3·d). This study thus ascertained that ribbon impeller was proficient for high-solid anaerobic digestion and it will prominently benefit future system designs.


Assuntos
Hidrodinâmica , Esgotos , Anaerobiose , Biocombustíveis/análise , Reatores Biológicos , Metano , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos
9.
Bioresour Technol ; 319: 124131, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002784

RESUMO

In this study, the multiple effects of granular activated carbon (GAC) on sludge anaerobic digestion at ambient (16-24 °C), mesophilic (35 °C) and thermophilic (55 °C) temperature were investigated. After GAC addition, although the methane yields of raw sludge were reduced by 6.5%-36.9%, the lag phases of methanogenesis were shortened by 19.3%-30.6% and the reductions of methane yields were declined to only 5.9%-8.1% simultaneously for pretreated sludge. The inhibitory substances like phenols that generated by thermal pretreatment were reduced after GAC addition, which were demonstrated to be responsible for the methanogenic acceleration. Meanwhile, the methane reduction due to the non-selective adsorption by GAC could be mitigated by pretreatment and elevated temperature. Thus, a strategy coupling thermal pretreatment with detoxification by GAC was proposed to improve the methane production rate and avoid the negative effects during sludge anaerobic digestion with GAC addition.


Assuntos
Metano , Esgotos , Aceleração , Anaerobiose , Reatores Biológicos , Carvão Vegetal
10.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 728996, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35250897

RESUMO

The long-lasting co-evolution of ticks with pathogens results in mutual adaptation. Blood-feeding is one of the critical physiological behaviors that have been associated with the tick microbiome; however, most knowledge was gained through the study of laboratory-reared ticks. Here we detached Ixodes persulcatus ticks at different stages of blood-feeding from human patients and performed high-throughput transcriptomic analysis on them to identify their virome and genes differentially expressed between flat and fully fed ticks. We also traced bloodmeal sources of those ticks and identified bats and three other potential mammalian hosts, highlighting the public health significance. We found Jingmen tick virus and 13 putative new viruses belonging to 11 viral families, three of which even exhibited high genetic divergence from viruses previously reported in the same tick species from the same geographic region. Furthermore, differential expression analysis suggested a downregulation of antioxidant genes in the fully fed I. persulcatus ticks, which might be related to bloodmeal-related redox homeostasis. Our work highlights the significance of active surveillance of tick viromes and suggests a role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in modulating changes in the microbiome during blood-feeding.

11.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(6): 2812-2821, 2020 Jun 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32608798

RESUMO

To investigate the potential interference of dead bacteria DNA on the analysis of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and microbial communities in anaerobic digestion sludge, three different types of anaerobic digestion sludge were treated with propidium monoazide (PMA) in this study, and the results of subsequent ARGs and microbial community analysis with the interference of dead cell DNA blocked by PMA was compared to that without PMA treatment. It was found that after PMA treatment, the absolute abundance of the ARGs in the anaerobic digestion sludge from self-anaerobic digestion system of excess sludge and from high solid sludge anaerobic digestion system decreased by 41%-86%, and 74%-98%, respectively. ARGs abundance in the sludge from the anaerobic digestion system with sludge hydrolyzate as a substrate and anaerobic granular sludge as inoculum after 15 days of digestion considerably decreased with PMA treatment. However, its ARGs abundance still declined by up to 34%. PMA treatment influenced the analysis of microbial community of the three types of anaerobic digestion sludge to different degrees, in which the influence was the highest on the community structure analysis of the sludge from high solid anaerobic digestion system. The results of the correlation analysis between the ARGs abundance and the microbial community composition were completely different in the case with PMA treatment and without PMA treatment. This study proved the potential interference of dead cell DNA on the analysis of ARGs and microbial community in anaerobic digestion sludge. PMA pretreatment could achieve a more accurate analysis of the microbial community and ARGs characteristics in anaerobic digestion sludge.


Assuntos
Microbiota/efeitos dos fármacos , Esgotos , Anaerobiose , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos , Genes Bacterianos/efeitos dos fármacos
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(12): 2858-2864, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32627460

RESUMO

Pre-formulation physicochemical properties of the component-based Chinese medicine of Qinqi Fengshi Fang were investigated to provide a research basis for the design of the dosage form for component-based Chinese medicine of Qinqi Fengshi Fang. The macroporous resin adsorption and refining technology was used to prepare the total glycosides extract of Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix, Panacis Majoris Rhizome and Corni Fructus respectively in the prescription of Qinqi Fengshi Fang. Their physicochemical properties were investigated, including solubility, wettability, hygroscopicity, equilibrium solubility, oil-water partition coefficient, and stability. The results showed that the total glycosides of Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix, Panacis Majoris Rhizome and Corni Fructus all had good solubility and wettability. The solubility index of each total glycoside component was greater than 85%, and the water absorption index was greater than 50%. In the range of pH 2.0-7.4, the equilibrium solubility of three kinds of total glycosides all increased with the increase of pH, showing a consistent change trend of solubility. The hydrophilicity was also suitable and similar. Overall, three kinds of total glycosides showed good stability, but strong hygroscopicity. The degree of hygroscopicity was as follows: total glycosides of Gen-tianae Macrophyllae Radix > total glycosides of Corni Fructus > total glycosides of Panacis Majoris Rhizome. Therefore, the hygroscopi-city needed to be considered in the preparation of the component-based Chinese medicine of Qinqi Fengshi Fang. The excipients and packaging materials can be properly selected to reduce the hygroscopicity of the preparation. This study provides a reference for the dosage form design of the component-based Chinese medicine of Qinqi Fengshi Fang.


Assuntos
Cornus , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional do Leste Asiático , Glicosídeos , Rizoma
13.
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis ; 20(10): 755-762, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32679008

RESUMO

As one of the important tick-borne zoonotic pathogens, Anaplasma has both veterinary and public health significance. Here, we performed a survey of Anaplasma infection in the goats from a farm in Beijing, China, and found 44.6% (41/92) were infected with Anaplasma capra, and 22.8% (21/92) were infected with Anaplasma sp. This Anaplasma sp. bacterium was close to a recently emerging Anaplasma platys strain based on gltA and groEL gene phylogenetic analysis. As to further understand the characteristics of Anaplasma sp., we raised a couple of positive goats (n = 2) in the laboratory with tick-free settings. We observed inappetence, vomiting, high fever, and weakness of limbs in the goat's offspring (n = 3). In addition, the blood samples from all offspring were all positive of this Anaplasma spp. We did not see any intracellular morulae in neutrophils, monocytes, and erythrocytes, but we identified some in the platelets of the blood smears from the positive goats by light microscopy. We named it A. platys-like and suggested it may infect platelets and be transmitted vertically through the placenta of goats. These findings deserve further evaluation.


Assuntos
Anaplasma/classificação , Anaplasma/isolamento & purificação , Anaplasmose/epidemiologia , Anaplasma/genética , Anaplasma/patogenicidade , Anaplasmose/transmissão , Animais , Pequim/epidemiologia , Plaquetas/microbiologia , Feminino , Doenças das Cabras/microbiologia , Doenças das Cabras/transmissão , Cabras , Transmissão Vertical de Doenças Infecciosas/veterinária , Masculino , Filogenia
14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(1): 106-112, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237418

RESUMO

To explore the permeation mechanism of micro-molecule medicinal ingredients of water extract of tradition Chinese medicine(TCM) in membrane separation process. With phenolic acid components as the model solute, five phenolic acids with similar molecular weight and structure, namely gallic acid, protocatechuate acid, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, 3-hydroxybenzoic acid and salicylic acid, were selected in the PES membrane separation experiments. With the relative flux and the transmission rate as indexes, the scanning electron microscopy(SEM) and the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy(EIS) were used to analyze the permeation mechanism of different phenolic acid components. The results showed phenolic acids with similar molecular weight had different permeation behaviors, with decreased relative flux and increased solute permeation with the increase of solute concentration. According to the permeation behavior analyzed by the molecular structure of solute, the transmission rate of phenolic acids increased with the increase of the number of hydroxyl, and the order of substituent positions of phenolic acids based on the permeation rate as follows: para-substituted > meta-substitution > ortho-substitution. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy reflected the role of charge repulsion in the membrane process; that is to say, the greater the resistance is, the less the solute permeation is. Therefore, the permeation phenomenon of the phenolic acid components in the PES membrane is not only the result of simple sieving mechanisms, but also has the effects of steric hindrance and charge repulsion during the membrane process.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Hidroxibenzoatos/isolamento & purificação , Membranas Artificiais , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Estrutura Molecular , Peso Molecular
15.
J Med Entomol ; 57(4): 1270-1276, 2020 07 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053722

RESUMO

The importance of ticks in veterinary and medical science has received much attention. The dominant tick species in northeastern China, Ixodes persulcatus tick can transmit various pathogens to humans and animals and there are some studies on the microbiome composition of this tick. Our study characterized the bacterial communities in I. persulcatus by 16S amplicon pyrosequencing and described the differences of microorganisms in male and female tick and assessed the variation of microorganisms in the development stages in northeastern China. We mainly found the following bacteria genera: Pseudomonas (Pseudomonadales: Pseudomonadaceae), Citrobacter (Enterobacteriales: Enterobacteriaceae), and Rickettsia (Rickettsiales: Rickettsiaceae). Rickettsia is common and harmful pathogen transmitted by ticks. Meanwhile, we found there were differences between male and female tick of microbiomes, and the diversity of microbiome increased from engorged female ticks to eggs, but decreased when the eggs were molting into larvae. Our data showed that male ticks exhibited greater microbial diversity than female I. persulcatus tick and larvae presented with a different bacterial community compared to engorged female tick and hatched eggs. These findings may be useful for further understanding the interaction between I. persulcatus and microbiome biology.


Assuntos
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Ixodes/microbiologia , Microbiota/fisiologia , Animais , China , Feminino , Masculino , RNA Bacteriano/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/análise , Fatores Sexuais
16.
Infect Immun ; 88(4)2020 03 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907196

RESUMO

Spotted fever group rickettsia (SFGR) can cause mild to fatal illness. The early interaction between the host and rickettsia in skin is largely unknown, and the pathogenesis of severe rickettsiosis remains an important topic. A surveillance of SFGR infection by PCR of blood and skin biopsy specimens followed by sequencing and immunohistochemical (IHC) detection was performed on patients with a recent tick bite between 2013 and 2016. Humoral and cutaneous immunoprofiles were evaluated in different SFGR cases by serum cytokine and chemokine detection, skin IHC staining, and transcriptome sequencing (RNA-seq). A total of 111 SFGR cases were identified, including 79 "Candidatus Rickettsia tarasevichiae," 22 Rickettsia raoultii, 8 Rickettsia sibirica, and 2 Rickettsia heilongjiangensis cases. The sensitivity to detect SFGR in skin biopsy specimens (9/24, 37.5%) was significantly higher than that in blood samples (105/2,671, 3.9%) (P < 0.05). As early as 1 day after the tick bite, rickettsiae could be detected in the skin. R. sibirica infection was more severe than "Ca Rickettsia" and R. raoultii infections. Increased levels of serum interleukin-18 (IL-18), IP10, and monokine induced by gamma interferon (MIG) and decreased levels of IL-2 were observed in febrile patients infected with R. sibirica compared to those infected with "Ca Rickettsia." RNA-seq and IHC staining could not discriminate between SFGR-infected and uninfected tick bite skin lesions. However, the type I interferon (IFN) response was differently expressed between R. sibirica and R. raoultii infections at the cutaneous interface. It is concluded that skin biopsy specimens were more reliable for the detection of SFGR infection in human patients although the immunoprofile may be complicated by immunomodulators induced by the tick bite.


Assuntos
Fatores Imunológicos/análise , Rickettsia/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Pele/patologia , Rickettsiose do Grupo da Febre Maculosa/patologia , Picadas de Carrapatos/complicações , Biópsia , Citocinas/sangue , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Pele/imunologia , Pele/microbiologia , Rickettsiose do Grupo da Febre Maculosa/imunologia , Rickettsiose do Grupo da Febre Maculosa/microbiologia
17.
J Med Virol ; 92(8): 1085-1092, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31850595

RESUMO

Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) infection is known to cause hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD). Last year, an inactivated EV-A71 whole virus vaccine was used to prevent this disease in Yunnan, China. To obtain a viral genetic background for evaluating vaccine protection and monitor the adaptive evolution of the virus after the vaccination, a 5-year molecular epidemiology survey was performed before the vaccination. Twenty-six EV-A71 strains were separated from 561 stool specimens of patients with serious HFMD. The whole-genomic sequences of these strains were sequenced. Phylogenetic trees were constructed, and the mutation spectra were analyzed based on these viral sequences. There was no obvious mutation for the circular EV-A71 strains of the same year. Pathogenic EV-A71 strains may arise from a "subgroup" randomly each year. Whole-genomic analyses showed that a hotspot nonsynonymous substitution potentially affecting the immunogenicity of vaccines was found in the 2A gene, but not in genes of the viral capsid proteins, and the genetic diversity of whole viral genomes associated with the incidence of HFMD. Therefore, it will be valuable to monitor the genome-wide changes of EV-A71 to detect the adaptive mutations affecting immunogenicity or perform investigations using genetic diversity as a parameter.


Assuntos
Enterovirus Humano A/genética , Infecções por Enterovirus/epidemiologia , Genoma Viral , Filogenia , Antígenos Virais/genética , China/epidemiologia , Fezes/virologia , Variação Genética , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/epidemiologia , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/virologia , Humanos , Mutação , RNA Viral/genética , Vacinação , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
19.
World J Clin Cases ; 7(15): 2022-2037, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31423434

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Noninvasive biomarkers have been developed to predict hepatitis B virus (HBV) related fibrosis owing to the significant limitations of liver biopsy. Both serum biomarkers and imaging techniques have shown promising results and may improve the evaluation of liver fibrosis. However, most of the previous studies focused on the diagnostic effects of various imaging techniques on fibrosis in all chronic liver diseases. AIM: To compare the performance of common imaging methods and serum biomarkers for prediction of significant fibrosis caused only by HBV infection. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted on the records available in PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library electronic databases until December 2018. We systematically assessed the effectiveness of two serum biomarkers and three imagine techniques in predicting significant fibrosis solely caused by HBV infection. The serum biomarkers included aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) and fibrosis index based on the 4 factors (FIB-4). The three imaging techniques included acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI), FibroScan, and magnetic resonance elastography (MRE). Three parameters, the area under the summary receiver operating characteristic curve (AUSROC), the summary diagnostic odds ratio, and the summary sensitivity and specificity, were used to examine the accuracy of all tests for liver fibrosis. RESULTS: Out of 2831 articles evaluated for eligibility, 204 satisfied the predetermined inclusion criteria for this current meta-analysis. Eventually, our final data contained 81 studies. The AUSROCs of serum biomarkers of APRI and FIB-4 were both 0.75. For imaging techniques (ARFI, FibroScan, and MRE), the areas were 0.89, 0.83, and 0.97, respectively. The heterogeneities of ARFI and FibroScan were statistically significant (I 2 > 50%). The publication bias was not observed in any of the serum biomarkers or imaging methods. CONCLUSION: These five methods have attained an acceptable level of diagnostic accuracy. Imaging techniques, MRE in particular, demonstrate significant advantages in accurately predicting HBV-related significant fibrosis, while serum biomarkers are admissible methods.

20.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(6): 2093-2100, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257784

RESUMO

In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of SrCl2·6H2O to mark otoliths of juvenile common carp (Cyprinus carpio). The carp fish were immersed with four concentrations of the Sr compound (i.e., 0, 4, 8, 12 mg·L-1) for 2 d to determine the essential concentration for immersing. Then, the carp fish were immersed in 8 mg·L-1 of the Sr compound for five different immersing times (i.e., 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 d) to establish the essential immersing time. Results from electron microprobe analysis (EPMA) showed that otolith Sr marks were very obvious in all C. carpio fish of the aforementioned Sr immersed group with high ratio of Sr/Ca concentration and red color (high Sr level) ring map, compared to the control group with low ratio of Sr/Ca concentration and basic blue color (low Sr level) map. We obtained a 100% mark-success rate of otolith Sr marking in juvenile C. carpio. No significant difference were observed on the average body length, mass and mortality between the immersed group and the control group, suggesting that Sr marking had no negative impact on fish. As clear and complete otolith Sr marked rings occurred at concentration of 8 mg·L-1 or more, and immersing time of 2 d or more for the Sr compound, 8 mg·L-1 and 2 d were suggested as the essential immersing Sr concentration and immersing time, respectively. Our results demonstrated the strong feasibility of otolith Sr marking for juvenile C. carpio.


Assuntos
Carpas/metabolismo , Membrana dos Otólitos/metabolismo , Estrôncio/metabolismo , Animais
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