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1.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 119: 104020, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33476669

RESUMO

Mitogen-activated protein kinase 4 (MKK4), a member of the MAP kinase family, play important roles in response to many environmental and cellular stresses in mammals. In this study, three MKK4 subtypes, EcMKK4-1, EcMKK4-2 and EcMKK4-3, were obtained from grouper Epinephelus coioides. The open reading frame (ORF) of EcMKK4s are obtained and the EcMKK4s proteins contain highly conserved domains: a S_TKc domain, a canonical diphosphorylation group and two conserved MKKK ATP binding motifs, Asp-Phe-Gly (DFG) and Ala-Pro-Glu (APE). EcMKK4s could be found both in the cytoplasmic and nuclear. The EcMKK4s mRNA were detected in all E. coioides tissues examined with the different expression levels, and the expression were up-regulated during SGIV (Singapore grouper iridescent virus) or Vibrio alginolyticus infection. EcMKK4 could significantly reduce the activation of AP-1 reporter gene. The results suggested that EcMKK4s might play important roles in pathogen-caused inflammation.

2.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 31(1): 42-6, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25600919

RESUMO

The tolerance of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF; Shanghai Roche, China) in Lee Classes III, IV, and V immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) remains unclear. This article reports nine cases of severe pneumonia (SP), including pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) pneumonia, and its risk factors in MMF plus low-dose corticosteroid-treated patients with Lee Classes III, IV, and V IgAN. Fifty-three patients with IgAN were included in this single-center study. The treatment regimen was MMF (1-1.5 g/d) plus low-dose corticosteroids (0.5 mg/kg/d). SP was defined as diffuse bilateral lung infiltrate with respiratory failure. PCP was diagnosed by detecting the organisms in the sputum and bronchoalveolar lavage. CMV infection was diagnosed through serum screening for CMV-IgG and IgM antibodies and CMV-DNA testing by a real-time polymerase chain reaction assay. The risk factors of SP were analyzed. Nine cases (16.9%) of SP occurred in this study. All SP developed at approximately the 10(th)-14(th) week after the initiation of the regimen: PCP was diagnosed in four cases and CMV infection in two cases. Renal function impairing was more serious in patients with SP than in those without SP, as evidenced by estimated glomerular filtration rate (p = 0.019) and serum creatinine level (p = 0.016). Six of the nine SPs occurred in MMP plus low-dose methylprednisolone group, which was statistically higher than that in the MMF plus low-dose prednisone group (p = 0.000). The incidence of SP in this study was 16.9%. Chronically impaired renal function and the use of methylprednisolone may be the risk factors for SP.


Assuntos
Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Micofenólico/análogos & derivados , Pneumonia/tratamento farmacológico , Corticosteroides/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Feminino , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/metabolismo , Humanos , Imunoglobulina A/metabolismo , Masculino , Metilprednisolona/efeitos adversos , Metilprednisolona/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ácido Micofenólico/efeitos adversos , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia por Pneumocystis/tratamento farmacológico , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
3.
Yao Xue Xue Bao ; 46(4): 412-21, 2011 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21751495

RESUMO

Twenty five new beta-aminoalcohols containing nabumetone moiety were prepared via the reduction of potassium borohydride with a convenient and efficient procedure, starting from beta-aminoketones that have been synthesized by our group. Their chemical structures were determined by IR, MS, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, HR-MS and antidiabetic activities were screened in vitro. Preliminary results revealed that the antidiabetic activity of most beta-aminoalcohols were better than that of the corresponding beta-aminoketones. Although most compounds showed weak antidiabetic activity, the alpha-glucosidase inhibitory activity of compounds 5hd(1) and 5id(2) reached 74.37% and 90.15%, respectively, which were superior to the positive control. The relative peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor response element (PPRE) activity of five compounds were more than 60%, among them compound 5ca possessed the highest activity (112.59%). As lead molecules of antidiabetic agents, compounds 5hd(1), 5id(2) and 5ca deserve further study.


Assuntos
Amino Álcoois/síntese química , Butanonas/síntese química , Hipoglicemiantes/síntese química , Receptores Ativados por Proliferador de Peroxissomo/metabolismo , alfa-Glucosidases/metabolismo , Amino Álcoois/química , Amino Álcoois/farmacologia , Butanonas/química , Butanonas/farmacologia , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/síntese química , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/química , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/farmacologia , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases , Hipoglicemiantes/química , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Nabumetona , Receptores Ativados por Proliferador de Peroxissomo/agonistas , Elementos de Resposta
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