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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35035507

RESUMO

Background: Poststroke depression (PSD) is a serious complication of clinical cerebrovascular disease. Patients not only have depression-related emotional symptoms but also have physical symptoms, such as autonomic dysfunction. At the same time, patients with varying degrees of depression will delay the neurological function of stroke patients. The recovery time of cognitive function and limb function will increase the risk of accidental death and even aggravate the mortality of cerebrovascular disease. Through combining data analysis and related literature, seven types of Chinese patent medicines (CPMs) widely used in the clinical treatment of PSD have been screened out. These herbs exhibit some clinical comparability under the conditions that the syndrome type and dosage form are relatively uniform. Therefore, in this study, the network meta-analysis method was used to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the seven CPMs screened out, and the probability ranking was performed to screen the best clinical auxiliary treatment plan of CPM. Methods: We searched the Chinese databases, including CNKI, WANFANG, and VIP, as well as the English databases, including the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and PubMed, from inception to May 31, 2020, to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on seven kinds of CPMs that were the subjects of the clinical research. The bias risk and quality of the included studies were analyzed with the Cochrane Handbook (version 5.1), ADDIS, and R software, and the results were compared in a network meta-analysis (NMA). Results: In terms of clinical effectiveness, the seven kinds of CPMs all improved clinical curative effects, with Jieyu Anshen capsule adjuvant treatment having the most significant effect [odds ratio (OR) = 5.00, 95% CI (1.72-9.48)]. Wuling capsule AT can effectively reduce the score index of scale factors for the HAMD score, NIHSS score, and TESS score [mean difference (MD) = -3.95, 95% CI (-4.88-3.00); OR = -3.25, 95% CI (-5.46)-1.05); OR = 0.22, 95% CI (0.05-0.79), resp.]. Conclusion: The mechanisms of seven CPMs in the adjuvant treatment of PSD have advantages. In terms of safety and efficacy, the CPMs had better clinical adjuvant treatment performance. Although this study concluded that the Jieyu Anshen capsule is the preferred drug for clinical treatment, a clear conclusion still needs to be verified in a high-quality randomized controlled study. In clinical practice, accurate selection and application can be carried out according to the specific characteristics of patients.

2.
PLoS One ; 17(1): e0262535, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35030209

RESUMO

Improving travel time prediction for public transit effectively enhances service reliability, optimizes travel structure, and alleviates traffic problems. Its greater time-variance and uncertainty make predictions for short travel times (≤35min) more subject to be influenced by random factors. It requires higher precision and is more complicated than long-term predictions. Effectively extracting and mining real-time, accurate, reliable, and low-cost multi-source data such as GPS, AFC, and IC can provide data support for travel time prediction. Kalman filter model has high accuracy in one-step prediction and can be used to calculate a large amount of data. This paper adopts the Kalman filter as a travel time prediction model for a single bus based on single-line detection: including the travel time prediction model of route (RTM) and the stop dwell time prediction model (DTM); the evaluation criteria and indexes of the models are given. The error analysis of the prediction results is carried out based on AVL data by case study. Results show that under the precondition of multi-source data, the public transportation prediction model can meet the accuracy requirement for travel time prediction and the prediction effect of the whole route is superior to that of the route segment between stops.

3.
J Med Virol ; 94(1): 327-334, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524690

RESUMO

Genomic surveillance of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) plays an important role in COVID-19 pandemic control and elimination efforts, especially by elucidating its global transmission network and illustrating its viral evolution. The deployment of multiplex PCR assays that target SARS-CoV-2 followed by either massively parallel or nanopore sequencing is a widely-used strategy to obtain genome sequences from primary samples. However, multiplex PCR-based sequencing carries an inherent bias of sequencing depth among different amplicons, which may cause uneven coverage. Here we developed a two-pool, long-amplicon 36-plex PCR primer panel with ~1000-bp amplicon lengths for full-genome sequencing of SARS-CoV-2. We validated the panel by assessing nasopharyngeal swab samples with a <30 quantitative reverse transcription PCR cycle threshold value and found that ≥90% of viral genomes could be covered with high sequencing depths (≥20% mean depth). In comparison, the widely-used ARTIC panel yielded 79%-88% high-depth genome regions. We estimated that ~5 Mbp nanopore sequencing data may ensure a >95% viral genome coverage with a ≥10-fold depth and may generate reliable genomes at consensus sequence levels. Nanopore sequencing yielded false-positive variations with frequencies of supporting reads <0.8, and the sequencing errors mostly occurred on the 5' or 3' ends of reads. Thus, nanopore sequencing could not elucidate intra-host viral diversity.


Assuntos
Genoma Viral/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex/métodos , Sequenciamento por Nanoporos/métodos , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma/métodos , COVID-19 , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Humanos , Nasofaringe/virologia , RNA Viral/genética , Análise de Sequência de RNA/métodos
4.
PLoS One ; 16(12): e0259472, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34937064

RESUMO

The travel trajectory data of mobile intelligent terminal users are characterized by clutter, incompleteness, noise, fuzzy randomness. The accuracy of original data is an essential prerequisite for better results of trajectory data mining. The Density-Based Spatial Clustering of Applications with Noise (DBSCAN) is one of the most effective trajectory data mining methods, but the selection of input parameters often limits it. The Sage-Husa adaptive filtering algorithm effectively controls the error range of mobile phone GPS data, which can meet the positioning accuracy requirements for DBSCAN spatial clustering having the advantages of low cost and convenient use. Then, a novel cluster validity index was proposed based on the internal and external duty cycle to balance the influence of the distance within-cluster, the distance between clusters, and the number of coordinate points in the process of clustering. The index can automatically choose input parameters of density clustering, and the effective clustering can be formed on different data sets. The optimized clustering method can be applied to the in-depth analysis and mining of traveler behavior trajectories. Experiments show that the Sage -Husa adaptive filtering algorithm proposed further improves the positioning accuracy of GPS, which is 17.34% and 15.24% higher eastward and northward, 14.25%, and 18.17% higher in 2D and 3D dimensions, respectively. The number of noise points is significantly reduced. At the same time, compared with the traditional validity index, the evaluation index based on the duty cycle proposed can optimize the input parameters and obtain better clustering results of traveler location information.


Assuntos
Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação/métodos , Transportes/métodos , Algoritmos , Análise por Conglomerados , Mineração de Dados/métodos , Humanos , Setor Público , Análise Espacial
5.
PeerJ ; 9: e12221, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616635

RESUMO

Tillering ability is a key agronomy trait for wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production. Studies on a dwarf monoculm wheat mutant (dmc) showed that ARF11 played an important role in tillering of wheat. In this study, a total of 67 ARF family members were identified and clustered to two main classes with four subgroups based on their protein structures. The promoter regions of T. aestivum ARF (TaARF) genes contain a large number of cis-acting elements closely related to plant growth and development, and hormone response. The segmental duplication events occurred commonly and played a major role in the expansion of TaARFs. The gene collinearity degrees of the ARFs between wheat and other grasses, rice and maize, were significantly high. The evolution distances among TaARFs determine their expression profiles, such as homoeologous genes have similar expression profiles, like TaARF4-3A-1, TaARF4-3A-2 and their homoeologous genes. The expression profiles of TaARFs in various tissues or organs indicated TaARF3, TaARF4, TaARF9 and TaARF22 and their homoeologous genes played basic roles during wheat development. TaARF4, TaARF9, TaARF12, TaARF15, TaARF17, TaARF21, TaARF25 and their homoeologous genes probably played basic roles in tiller development. qRT-PCR analyses of 20 representative TaARF genes revealed that the abnormal expressions of TaARF11 and TaARF14 were major causes constraining the tillering of dmc. Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) contents in dmc were significantly less than that in Guomai 301 at key tillering stages. Exogenous IAA application significantly promoted wheat tillering, and affected the transcriptions of TaARFs. These data suggested that TaARFs as well as IAA signaling were involved in controlling wheat tillering. This study provided valuable clues for functional characterization of ARFs in wheat.

6.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(8): 814-820, 2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511171

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the survival rate and the incidence of complications of very preterm infants and the factors influencing the survival rate and the incidence of complications. METHODS: The medical data of the very preterm infants with a gestational age of <32 weeks and who were admitted to the Department of Neonatology in 11 hospitals of Jiangsu Province in China from January 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Their survival rate and the incidence of serious complications were analyzed. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the risk factors for death and serious complications in very preterm infants. RESULTS: A total of 2 339 very preterm infants were enrolled, among whom 2 010 (85.93%) survived and 1 507 (64.43%) survived without serious complications. The groups with a gestational age of 22-25+6 weeks, 26-26+6 weeks, 27-27+6 weeks, 28-28+6 weeks, 29-29+6 weeks, 30-30+6 weeks, and 31-31+6 weeks had a survival rate of 32.5%, 60.6%, 68.0%, 82.9%, 90.1%, 92.3%, and 94.8% respectively. The survival rate tended to increase with the gestational age (P<0.05) and the survival rate without serious complications in each gestational age group was 7.5%, 18.1%, 34.5%, 52.2%, 66.7%, 75.7%, and 81.8% respectively, suggesting that the survival rate without serious complications increased with the gestational age (P<0.05). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that high gestational age, high birth weight, and prenatal use of glucocorticoids were protective factors against death in very preterm infants (P<0.05), and 1-minute Apgar score ≤3 was a risk factor for death in very preterm infants (P<0.05); high gestational age and high birth weight were protective factors against serious complications in very preterm infants who survived (P<0.05), while 5-minute Apgar score ≤3 and maternal chorioamnionitis were risk factors for serious complications in very preterm infants who survived (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The survival rate is closely associated with gestational age in very preterm infants. A low 1-minute Apgar score (≤3) may increase the risk of death in very preterm infants, while high gestational age, high birth weight, and prenatal use of glucocorticoids are associated with the reduced risk of death. A low 5-minute Apgar score (≤3) and maternal chorioamnionitis may increase the risk of serious complications in these infants, while high gestational age and high birth weight may reduce the risk of serious complications.


Assuntos
Doenças do Prematuro , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido de muito Baixo Peso , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
7.
Oral Oncol ; : 105459, 2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34340943

RESUMO

Lymphatic malformation is a benign lesion, seldom affecting the gingiva. Gingival lesions are characterized by pebbly hyperplasia, occasional pain, and bleeding. The treatment for large and exceptional areas of involvement may face difficulties. Herein we report a rare case of gingival lymphatic malformation in a 10-year-old girl.

8.
Am J Transl Res ; 13(7): 8221-8227, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34377309

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of comprehensive nursing on negative emotion and prognosis of patients with sepsis. METHODS: As a prospective study, 104 patients with sepsis were randomized into the observation group (n=52) and the control group (n=52). The patients in the control group underwent routine nursing, whereas the patients in the observation group underwent comprehensive nursing care in addition to routine nursing. The level of negative emotions, patients' prognosis, quality of life (QOL), Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) ll score, clinical indicators, and patient satisfaction with nursing were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the observation group had lower Self-Rating Anxiety Scale score, Self-Rating Depression Scale score, and APACHE ll score (all P<0.001). The scores of physical functioning, general health perceptions, social role functioning, emotional role functioning, and mental health of the observation group were all higher than those of the control group (all P<0.01). The duration of mechanical ventilation, hospitalization expenses, and the length of stay in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (all P<0.01). Moreover, the observation group had a lower total incidence of shock, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, and death and higher patient satisfaction with the nursing care than the control group (all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Comprehensive nursing care can alleviate anxiety and depression in patients with sepsis and can improve the prognosis and QOL of patients. Also, it can shorten the length of stay in the ICU, lower treatment costs, and improve patient satisfaction; all of which can be recommended for clinical application.

9.
AIDS Behav ; 2021 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34312739

RESUMO

In this egocentric network study, we explored Chinese collectivism in relation to social network characteristics and sex work-related stigma among mid-age female sex workers (FSWs). Respondent-driven sampling was used to recruit 1245 mid-age FSWs from three cities in China. We found that a one standard deviation (SD) increase in FSWs' collectivism was associated with a 0.18 SD decrease in social support (95% CI - 0.32, - 0.04), a 0.20 SD decrease in network effective size (i.e., the diversity of a social network; 95% CI - 0.30, - 0.10), and a 0.21 SD decrease in network betweenness (i.e., the "bridging potential" of egos within their networks; 95% CI - 0.33, - 0.09). Among participants who perceived more sex work stigma, the association between collectivism and FSWs' network betweenness was attenuated. In a collective culture emphasizing group values and honor, belonging to a less interconnected social network may give FSWs a structural advantage to cope with stigma and secure social support.

10.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 1277, 2021 06 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34193101

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study reports on the individual and partnership characteristics that influence consistent condom use in cisgender men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW) attending trusted community centers that provide HIV prevention and treatment services in Nigeria. METHODS: Adults assigned male at birth who reported anal sex with male partners who enrolled between March 2013-2019 and had information about at least one male sexual partner were included in these analyses. At enrollment and follow-up visits every 3 months for up to 18 months, participants were administered detailed questionnaires that collected information about demographics, sexual practices, HIV risk behaviors, and characteristics and behaviors of their partners in the previous year (at enrollment) or the preceding 3 to 6-months (at follow-up visits). Logistic regression models with generalized estimating equations were used to assess the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of individual, partner, and partnership characteristics associated with consistent condom use (CCU). A participant was defined as consistently using condom if they reported always using condoms all the time they had insertive, receptive or both types of anal sex with a male partner. RESULTS: At the individual level, CCU was positively associated with higher education, disclosure of key population status to a healthcare worker and negatively associated with poor access to condoms. At the partner and partnership level, CCU was associated with partners with higher education (aOR: 1.36; 95% CI: 1.07-1.72), casual relationships (aOR: 1.22; 95% CI: 1.11-1.34) and relationships in which partners encouraged the participant to use condoms with other partners (aOR: 1.14; 95% CI: 1.02-1.28). Relationships in which the partner was married to a woman and/or the partner's HIV status positive or unknown were negatively associated with CCU. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that individuals in relationships where partners were more open and encouraged safer sex were more likely to consistently use condoms. HIV prevention programs should consider leveraging communication to sexual partners to encourage condom use as this may support condom use with other sexual partners. Given sustained and growing HIV and STI epidemics among MSM and TGW, even with pre-exposure prophylaxis scale-up, it is crucial to continue to study optimal implementation strategies to increase condom use.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Pessoas Transgênero , Adulto , Preservativos , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Nigéria , Sexo Seguro , Comportamento Sexual , Parceiros Sexuais
11.
PLoS One ; 16(6): e0253201, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34170905

RESUMO

With the rapid development of urbanization and the popularization of the vehicle, the frequent occurrence of traffic jams results in idling fuel waste, environmental pollution, and other issues. In order to alleviate these problems, engine start-stop technology has been widely used in different types of vehicles in recent years. However, current start-stop trigger technology has many deficiencies, such as mistaken triggering and frequent engine start-stop, which greatly reduces user driving experience, causing most of them to deactivate this system. The intelligent engine start-stop trigger (IEST) system based on the actual road running status was established by building the image recognition model and the digital traffic analysis model in order to solve this problem. A system test shows that IEST can avoid frequently engine starting and stopping. The results show that IEST could effectively improve the driving experience and reduce engine fuel consumption, and it promotes conventional engine start-stop technology.


Assuntos
Automóveis , Modelos Teóricos , Emissões de Veículos/prevenção & controle
12.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 11(5)2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34062939

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2, influenza, and respiratory syncytial viruses (RSVs) cause acute respiratory infections with similar symptoms. Since the treatments and outcomes of these infections are different, the early detection and accurate differentiation of the viruses are clinically important for the prevention and treatment of the diseases. We previously demonstrated that clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) could rapidly and precisely detect SARS-CoV-2. The objective of this study was to develop CRISPR as a test for simultaneously detecting and accurately distinguishing the viruses. The CRISPR assay with an RNA guide against each virus was performed in the reference standards of SARS-CoV-2, influenza A and B, and RSV. The CRISPR assay had a limit of detection of 1-100 copies/µL for specifically detecting SARS-CoV-2, influenza A and B, and RSV without cross-reaction with other respiratory viruses. The validation of the test in nasopharyngeal specimens showed that it had a 90-100% sensitivity and 100% specificity for the detection of SARS-CoV-2, influenza A and B, and RSV. The CRISPR assay could potentially be used for sensitive detection and specific differentiation of the respiratory viruses.

13.
J Clin Microbiol ; 59(8): e0007921, 2021 07 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33952598

RESUMO

While China experienced a peak and decline in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases at the start of 2020, regional outbreaks continuously emerged in subsequent months. Resurgences of COVID-19 have also been observed in many other countries. In Guangzhou, China, a small outbreak, involving less than 100 residents, emerged in March and April 2020, and comprehensive and near-real-time genomic surveillance of SARS-CoV-2 was conducted. When the numbers of confirmed cases among overseas travelers increased, public health measures were enhanced by shifting from self-quarantine to central quarantine and SARS-CoV-2 testing for all overseas travelers. In an analysis of 109 imported cases, we found diverse viral variants distributed in the global viral phylogeny, which were frequently shared within households but not among passengers on the same flight. In contrast to the viral diversity of imported cases, local transmission was predominately attributed to two specific variants imported from Africa, including local cases that reported no direct or indirect contact with imported cases. The introduction events of the virus were identified or deduced before the enhanced measures were taken. These results show the interventions were effective in containing the spread of SARS-CoV-2, and they rule out the possibility of cryptic transmission of viral variants from the first wave in January and February 2020. Our study provides evidence and emphasizes the importance of controls for overseas travelers in the context of the pandemic and exemplifies how viral genomic data can facilitate COVID-19 surveillance and inform public health mitigation strategies.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , África , Teste para COVID-19 , China/epidemiologia , Genômica , Humanos
14.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 114(2): 704-712, 2021 08 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33964854

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several individual studies have shown that circulating levels of odd-chain SFAs and very-long-chain SFAs (VLSFAs) may have beneficial effects, but the results are mixed. While the dietary and metabolic factors that may influence VLSFAs are not well-known, a previous study observed associations of VLSFA concentrations with variants in serine palmitoyl-transferase long-chain base subunit 3 (SPTLC3) gene. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the associations of individual plasma SFAs and SPTLC3 gene rs680379 polymorphism with metabolic risk factors and type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: We measured plasma SFAs using gas chromatography among 898 T2D cases and 1618 matched controls, and genotyped the SPTLC3 gene rs680379 polymorphism using the MassArray System among 1178 T2D cases and 1907 matched controls. Conditional logistic regression was used to estimate ORs and 95% CIs. RESULTS: We found that plasma odd-chain SFAs and VLSFAs were correlated with favorable blood lipids and insulin resistance marker profiles. After multivariable adjustment, pentadecanoic acid (15:0) was inversely associated with the odds of T2D (OR per 1 SD difference: 0.63; 95% CI: 0.57, 0.70), as were measurements of 3 individual VLSFAs [arachidic acid (20:0), behenic acid (22:0), and lignoceric acid (24:0)], with ORs ranging from 0.60 to 0.72 (95% CIs ranging between 0.52 and 0.79). The associations between 3 individual VLSFAs and T2D were attenuated after further adjustment for triglycerides. Meanwhile, compared with the rs680379 GG genotype carriers, the ORs of T2D for the GA and AA genotype carriers were 0.81 (95% CI: 0.68-0.97) and 0.76 (95% CI: 0.61-0.96), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Plasma 15:0 and VLSFAs were inversely associated with T2D. Meanwhile, compared with the rs680379 GG genotype carriers, subjects with GA and AA genotypes were associated with decreased odds of T2D. More investigations are warranted to confirm our findings.


Assuntos
/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Ácidos Graxos Voláteis/sangue , Serina C-Palmitoiltransferase/sangue , Idoso , Glicemia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Feminino , Genótipo , Glucose/administração & dosagem , Glucose/metabolismo , Humanos , Resistência à Insulina , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fatores de Risco , Serina C-Palmitoiltransferase/genética , Serina C-Palmitoiltransferase/metabolismo
15.
Disaster Med Public Health Prep ; : 1-4, 2021 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34006343

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to forecast the number of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases in the state of Maryland, United States, using transfer function time series (TS) models based on a Social Distancing Index (SDI) and determine how their parameters relate to the pandemic mechanics. METHODS: A moving window of 2 mo was used to train the transfer function TS model that was then tested on the next week data. After accounting for a secular trend and weekly cycle of the SDI, a high correlation was documented between it and the daily caseload 9 days later. Similar patterns were also observed on the daily COVID-19 cases and incorporated in our models. RESULTS: In most cases, the proposed models provide a reasonable performance that was, on average, moderately better than that delivered by TS models based only on previous observations. The model coefficients associated with the SDI were statistically significant for most of the training/test sets. CONCLUSIONS: Our proposed models that incorporate SDI can forecast the number of COVID-19 cases in a region. Their parameters have real-life interpretations and, hence, can help understand the inner workings of the epidemic. The methods detailed here can help local health governments and other agencies adjust their response to the epidemic.

16.
PeerJ ; 9: e11235, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33889451

RESUMO

Tillering is a key agronomy trait for wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production. Previously, we have reported a dwarf-monoculm wheat mutant (dmc) obtained from cultivar Guomai 301 (wild type, WT), and found growth regulating factors (GRFs) playing important roles in regulating wheat tillering. This study is to systematically investigate the roles of all the wheat GRFs (T. aestivum GRFs, TaGRFs) in regulating tillering, and screen out the key regulators. A total of 30 TaGRFs were identified and their physicochemical properties, gene structures, conserved domains, phylogenetic relationships and tissue expression profiles were analyzed. The expression levels of all the TaGRFs were significantly lower in dmc than those in WT at early tillering stage, and the abnormal expressions of TaGRF2-7(A, B, D), TaGRF5-7D, TaGRF10-6(A, B, D) and TaGRF11-2A were major causes constraining the tillering of dmc. The transcriptions of TaGRFs were significantly affected by exogenous indole acetic acid (IAA) and gibberellin acid (GA3) applications, which suggested that TaGRFs as well as IAA, GA signaling were involved in controlling wheat tillering. This study provided valuable clues for functional characterization of GRF genes in wheat.

17.
Public Health Rep ; 136(4): 475-482, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33909541

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We quantified the association between public compliance with social distancing measures and the spread of SARS-CoV-2 during the first wave of the epidemic (March-May 2020) in 5 states that accounted for half of the total number of COVID-19 cases in the United States. METHODS: We used data on mobility and number of COVID-19 cases to longitudinally estimate associations between public compliance, as measured by human mobility, and the daily reproduction number and daily growth rate during the first wave of the COVID-19 epidemic in California, Illinois, Massachusetts, New Jersey, and New York. RESULTS: The 5 states mandated social distancing directives during March 19-24, 2020, and public compliance with mandates started to decrease in mid-April 2020. As of May 31, 2020, the daily reproduction number decreased from 2.41-5.21 to 0.72-1.19, and the daily growth rate decreased from 0.22-0.77 to -0.04 to 0.05 in the 5 states. The level of public compliance, as measured by the social distancing index (SDI) and daily encounter-density change, was high at the early stage of implementation but decreased in the 5 states. The SDI was negatively associated with the daily reproduction number (regression coefficients range, -0.04 to -0.01) and the daily growth rate (from -0.009 to -0.01). The daily encounter-density change was positively associated with the daily reproduction number (regression coefficients range, 0.24 to 1.02) and the daily growth rate (from 0.05 to 0.26). CONCLUSIONS: Social distancing is an effective strategy to reduce the incidence of COVID-19 and illustrates the role of public compliance with social distancing measures to achieve public health benefits.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Distanciamento Físico , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Comportamento Cooperativo , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa/prevenção & controle , Regulamentação Governamental , Humanos , Incidência , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
18.
ACS Omega ; 6(8): 5451-5462, 2021 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33681585

RESUMO

Decolorization plays an important part in the industrial production of acetaminophen (APAP) drugs. The impurities generated from the APAP pharmaceutical industry decolorization refining process were primarily separated and purified, and their structures were determined by MS and 1H NMR technology. Then the catalytic effects of three samples of modified powdered activated carbon (PAC) on APAP in heterogeneous solution systems and the adsorption catalysis system were systematically investigated, which indicated that PAC catalyzed the APAP oxidative coupling side reaction and thus increased the impurities in the APAP product. The M-T-RAC (thermal regeneration PAC modified by ammonium sulfate) possessing more acidic surface groups can effectively inhibit this side reaction. Furthermore, according to the different catalytic results of O-T-RAC (thermal regeneration PAC modified by hydrogen peroxide) in solid-liquid catalytic and adsorption catalytic systems, we speculated that the multimer impurities were generated by the oxidative coupling reaction of APAP being oxidized to rated N-acetyl-p-benzoquinone (NAPQI) during decolorization, while free radical polymerization of APAP mainly occurred in the pores of the spent PAC. The pore textural structure and chemical properties of M-T-RAC were further characterized to ensure its feasibility of industrial application. The process of simulating industrial decolorization substantiated the excellent ability of M-T-RAC to inhibit side reactions. This study contributes to the development of green materials for sustainable recycling of activated carbon to reduce pollution and costs, and provides an effective advice for the pharmaceutical process.

19.
Biomedicines ; 9(3)2021 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33673601

RESUMO

Rapid and accurate detection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is essential for controlling the pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based technique is the standard test for detection of SARS-CoV-2, which, however, requires complicated sample manipulation (e.g., RNA extraction) and is time-consuming. We previously demonstrated that clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) could precisely detect Human papillomavirus and somatic mutations of Epidermal growth factor receptor gene and Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog gene in plasma. The objective of this study was to develop CRISPR as a rapid test for sensitive detection of SARS-CoV-2. We first combined reverse transcription-isothermal recombinase polymerase amplification and CRSIPR to detect SARS-CoV-2 in genomic RNA of cells infected with the virus. The CRISPR assay with guide RNA against the M gene of SARS-CoV-2 had a sensitivity of 0.1 copies per µL for detection of the virus. We then used the CRSIPR assay to directly analyze raw SARS-CoV-2 samples. The CRISPR assay could sensitively detect SARS-CoV-2 in one hour without RNA extraction. This assay can be performed at a single temperature and with minimal equipment. The results were immediately visualized either by a UV light illuminator or paper strips. The diagnostic value of the test was confirmed in nasopharyngeal swab specimens. Altogether, we have developed a rapid CRISPR test for sensitive detection of SARS-CoV-2.

20.
Front Oncol ; 11: 618793, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33747930

RESUMO

Background: Chemotherapy is the standard adjuvant treatment for colon cancer. Chinese herbal formula PRM1201 improves the efficacy of chemotherapy when used in combination with Cetuximab or Bevacizumab in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. This study aims to explore the benefits of treatment with chemotherapy plus PRM1201 in the postoperative adjuvant setting. Methods: In this parallel-group study, patients who had undergone curative resection for stage III colon cancer were randomly assigned to receive adjuvant chemotherapy (FOLFOX q2w for 6 months, or CapeOx q3w for 6 months) plus PRM1201 (chemo+PRM1201 group) or adjuvant chemotherapy plus placebo (chemo+placebo group). The primary endpoint was disease-free survival (DFS), and the secondary endpoints were quality of life (QOL) and toxicity. Results: A total of 370 patients were randomly assigned to chemotherapy plus PRM1201 group (n = 184) and chemotherapy plus placebo group (n = 186). Up to October 30, 2019, 96 events of recurrence, metastasis, or death had been reported, of which 38 events were in the group of chemotherapy plus PRM1201 and 58 events in the chemo+placebo group. The 3-year DFS rate was 77.1 and 68.6% in the chemo+PRM1201 and chemo+placebo group, respectively (hazard ratio [HR], 0.63; 95% CI, 0.42 to 0.94). The QOL of patients in the chemo+PRM1201 group were significantly improved in terms of global quality of life, physical functioning, role functioning, emotional functioning, fatigue, and appetite loss. The incidence of grade 3 or 4 treatment-related adverse event (TRAEs) were similar between the two arms. Conclusions: Chemotherapy in combination with PRM1201 improved the adjuvant treatment of colon cancer. PRM1201 can be recommended as an effective option in clinical practice. Clinical Trial Registration: Chinese Clinical Trials Registry, identifier ChiCTR-IOR-16007719.

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