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1.
Neuroreport ; 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31789691

RESUMO

The present study examined the roles of 5-HT2A, 5-HT2B and 5-HT2C receptor subtypes in mediating the ventrolateral orbital cortex (VLO)-induced antiallodynia in a rat model of neuropathic pain induced by spared nerve injury (SNI). Change of mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (PWT) was measured using von-Frey filaments. Microinjection of preferential or selective 5-HT2A/C, 5-HT2B and 5-HT2C receptor agonists, (±)-1-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminopropane hydrochloride (DOI), α-methyl-5-(2-thienylmethoxy)-1H-Indole-3-ethanamine hydrochloride (BW723C86) and 1-(3-Chlorophenyl)-piperazine hydrochloride (m-CPP) into the VLO significantly depressed allodynia induced by SNI, and the inhibitory effect of DOI was blocked or attenuated by selective 5-HT2A/C receptor antagonists ketanserin (+)-tartrate salt (ketanserin) and 5-HT2A receptor antagonist R-(+)-alpha-(2,3-dimethoxyphenyl)-1-[2-(4-fluorophenylethyl)]-4-piperidinemethanol (M100907); the effects of BW723C86 and m-CPP were antagonized by 5-HT2B receptor antagonists N-(1-Methyl-1H-5-indolyl)-N'-(3-methyl-5-isothiazolyl)urea (SB204741) and 5-HT2C receptor antagonist RS102221 hydrochloride hydrate (RS-102221), respectively. These results suggest that 5-HT2A, 5-HT2B, 5-HT2C receptor subtypes are involved in mediating the VLO-induced antiallodynia in the neuropathic pain state.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683329

RESUMO

AIMS: Irisin, Betatrophin and Zinc-α2-glycoprotein (ZAG) have been shown to be associated with insulin resistance (IR) and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), respectively. The purpose of this study is to explore the potential accuracy of this combination of three cytokines in screening PCOS. METHODS: 186 individuals were recruited for this study. Circulating Irisin, Betatrophin and ZAG concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The association between these serum biomarkers and PCOS was assessed by logistic regression analysis. Receiver operating curve (ROC) analysis was performed to evaluate the diagnostic value of these biomarkers for PCOS women. RESULTS: In women with PCOS, serum Irisin and Betatrophin levels were markedly elevated compared to those in healthy controls (p<0.01), while ZAG levels were lower (p<0.01). PCOS women with IR (M-value<6.28) had lower circulating ZAG concentrations, and higher circulating Irisin and Betatrophin levels relative to PCOS women without IR (M-value ≥ 6.28). ROC curve analyses showed that the AUC for Irisin, ZAG and Betatrophin for predicting PCOS were 0.77, 0.83 and 0.85, respectively. In a joint ROC curves analysis of these serum markers and other parameters, the results showed that the AUC was 0.93, and the sensitivity and specificity were 82.1 % and 92.3 %, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: When compared to using single cytokine, the analysis of Irisin, ZAG and Betatrophin elevates the accuracy in diagnosing PCOS.

3.
Opt Express ; 27(22): 31956-31966, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684417

RESUMO

A flexible and efficient strategy, digital micromirror devices (DMD) based multistep lithography (DMSL), is proposed to fabricate arrays of user-defined microstructures. Through the combination of dose modulation, flexible pattern generation of DMD, and high-resolution step movement of piezoelectrical stage (PZS), this method enables prototyping a board range of 2D lattices with periodic/nonperiodic spatial distribution and arbitrary shapes and the critical feature size is down to 600 nm. We further explore the use of DMSL to fabricate microlens array by combining with the thermal reflowing process. The square shape and hexagonal shape microlens with customized distribution are realized and characterized. The results indicate that the proposed DMSL can be a significant role in the microfabrication techniques for manufacturing functional microstructures array.

4.
Scand Cardiovasc J ; : 1-10, 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738077

RESUMO

Objectives. The present study aimed to evaluate prognostic value of inflammatory markers for in-hospital mortality and renal complication in patients undergoing surgery for acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD). Design. Serum concentration of C-reactive protein, leukocyte counts, procalcitonin (PCT), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R), IL-6 and IL-8 were measured on the day of admission to the hospital (T0) and on 1st (T1), 2nd (T2), and 7th (T3) day after surgery. Results. 328 patients were included. There were significant differences between survivor group and non-survivor group in PCT, IL-2R, and IL-6 (p = .001, p = .015, and p = .005). There were significant differences between patients with different AKI stage in PCT and IL-2R (p = .001, p < .001). The area under receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve on 30-day death was 0.686 for PCT, 0.718 for IL-2R, 0.694 for IL-6 and 0.627 for IL-8. The area under ROC curve on stage III AKI was 0.852 for PCT, 0.749 for IL-2R, 0.626 for IL-8, and 0.636 for TNF-α. IL-2 > 1438 U/ml and IL-6 > 45.5 pg/ml were independently associated with 30-day mortality (p = .014 and p < .001). The area under ROC curve was 0.849 on score 2 (using 1 point for PCT > 4.58 ng/ml, 1 point for IL-2R > 1438 U/ml, 1 point for APACHE II score >15.5, and 1 point for IL-6 > 45.5 pg/ml). Conclusions. PCT and cytokines may be considered as predictors for adverse renal outcomes and mortality in patients with ATAAD patients after surgery. They are earlier than traditional biomarkers and combination of these biomarkers will improve the accuracy.

5.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 146: 220-230, 2019 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31760343

RESUMO

Flowering time is regulated by biotic and abiotic stresses and affected by the ambient temperature. For chrysanthemum, a low ambient growth temperature can cause a flowering delay, which limits the annual commercial production. Therefore, it is important to improve the low-temperature flowering capability of chrysanthemum through genetic modifications. Here, we isolated a natural variation of a CRT/DRE-binding factor (CBF/DREB) 3 gene, CRAP2, from the Arabidopsis thaliana accession Condara (190AV) that encodes a stop codon at position 151 of the CBF3 protein. Unlike AtCBF3, the overexpression AtCRAP2 in Arabidopsis did not cause detectable growth retardation nor delayed flowering and it conferred cold tolerance. The cold-inducible expression of AtCRAP2 in chrysanthemum promoted flowering under short-day conditions with a low 15 °C nighttime temperature. RNA-sequencing of rd29A:AtCRAP2 and qRT-PCR assays of flowering time-related genes and AtCRAP2 expressed at an ambient temperature revealed that AtCRAP2 positively affected SOC1 and FTL3, thereby promoting flowering under low temperature stress and short-day conditions. These results indicate that DREB genes can be used in the genetic engineering of crop plants without accompanying negative effects by modifying the encoded proteins' C termini.

6.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31759016

RESUMO

The objective of the present investigation was to compared the structural and functional properties of starch isolated from fresh raw Chinese yam (FYS) and the Chinese yam after freeze-drying pretreatment (FDS), after hot-air drying pretreatment (HADS), after subcritical dimethyl ether dewaterization pretreatment (SDDS). Freeze-drying (FD) process reduced the short-and long-range molecular order of Chinese yam starch. Hot-air drying (HAD) process promoted the formation of ordered structure of starch granules. SEM images displayed the presence of protein-starch complexes in the HADS and SDDS samples. The FDS had the smallest Mw of amylopectin with 4.09 × 106 g/mol, but the Mw values of amylose molecules for FYS was highest. The branch chain length of amylopectin in HADS had a smaller proportion of short chains and less long chains and higher proportion of long chains compared with other starches. These molecular structure changes caused by the various dying pretreatment processes, resulting in the difference in functional properties including solubility and swelling power, gelatinization parameters, pasting characteristics and rheological properties. This study provided important information for the suitable application of starches isolated from various dried Chinese yam.

7.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(22): 2737-2744, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31725458

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To review the diagnosis of chronic wound biofilms and discuss current treatment approaches. DATA SOURCES: Articles included in this review were obtained from the following databases: Wanfang, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, PubMed, and the Web of Science. We focused on research published before August 2019 with keywords including chronic wound, biofilm, bacterial biofilms, and chronic wound infection. STUDY SELECTION: Relevant articles were selected by carefully reading the titles and abstracts. Further, different diagnosis and clinical treatment methods for chronic wound biofilm were compared and summarized from the selected published articles. RESULTS: Recent guidelines on medical biofilms stated that approaches such as the use of scanning electron microscopy and confocal laser scanning microscopy are the most reliable types of diagnostic techniques. Further, therapeutic strategies include debridement, negative pressure wound therapy, ultrasound, antibiotic, silver-containing dressing, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, and others. CONCLUSION: This review provides the identification and management of biofilms, and it can be used as a tool by clinicians for a better understanding of biofilms and translating research to develop best clinical practices.

8.
Tissue Cell ; 61: 35-43, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31759405

RESUMO

Over proliferation of glomerular mesangial cells (MCs) disturbs mesangial homeostasis and leads to renal damage in mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis. It is documented that transcriptional factors may be involved in the proliferation of MCs. This study aims to identify the key transcriptional factor that prevents the MCs from over proliferation and to clarify its regulatory mechanism. Microarray analysis of glomeruli isolated from Sprague-Dawley rats (SD rats) with or without anti-Thy1 nephritis (anti-Thy1N) showed that the cell cycle pathway was the most enriched pathway in anti-Thy1N model, and the D-site binding protein (DBP) ranked first in the cluster of transcription factors. Compare with normal rats, DBP is markedly decreased accompanied by an over proliferation of MCs in rats with anti-Thy1N. The cell proliferative capacity was measured by 5-Ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) assay in primary rat MCs with DBP knockdown or overexpression, respectively. The results showed that the knockdown of DBP significantly promoted the proliferation of MCs, whereas the overexpression of DBP inhibited the MCs' proliferation, compared to that of the control cells. Further study indicated that DBP arrested G1/S-phase transition by inhibiting the expression of p21, p27 and inducing the Cyclin D1 expression in MCs. The current data suggest that DBP effectively inhibits the proliferation of MCs through G1 phase arrest, and the decrease of DBP may induce mesangial over proliferation in rats with anti-Thy1N.

9.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(11): 829, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685807

RESUMO

Metastasis is a well-known poor prognostic factor in cancer. However, the mechanisms how long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) regulate metastasis in colorectal cancer (CRC) remain largely unknown. Besides, tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) play an important role in tumor progression, yet the contribution of lncRNA-mediated crosstalk between TAMs and CRC cells to tumor progression is not well understood. In this study, we report that lncRNA RPPH1 was significantly upregulated in CRC tissues, and the RPPH1 overexpression was associated with advanced TNM stages and poor prognosis. RPPH1 was found to promote CRC metastasis in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, RPPH1 induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of CRC cells via interacting with ß-III tubulin (TUBB3) to prevent its ubiquitination. Furthermore, CRC cell-derived exosomes transported RPPH1 into macrophages which mediate macrophage M2 polarization, thereby in turn promoting metastasis and proliferation of CRC cells. In addition, exosomal RPPH1 levels in blood plasma turned out to be higher in treatment-naive CRC patients but lower after tumor resection. Compared to CEA and CA199, exosomal RPPH1 in CRC plasma displayed a better diagnostic value (AUC = 0.86). Collectively, RPPH1 serves as a potential therapeutic and diagnostic target in CRC.

10.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726165

RESUMO

To investigate the composition and structural characteristics of cell wall polysaccharides, three pectic fractions and two hemicellulose fractions, namely water-soluble pectin (WSP), chelator-soluble pectin (CSP), sodium carbonate-soluble pectin (NSP), 1 mol/L KOH soluble hemicellulose (KSH-1) and 4 mol/L KOH soluble hemicellulose (KSH-2), were isolated from Chinese quince fruits. The five fractions exhibited structural and compositional variation. The results showed NSP was the predominant cell wall polysaccharide fraction in the fruit. All pectic fractions had a low degree of esterification (31.7-42.4%). WSP fraction had the highest thermal stability among the five fractions. The polysaccharide chain lengths ranged from 19.4 nm to 121.4 nm. CSP had the highest molecular weight, giving it also the highest solution viscosity. NMR spectra revealed that NSP was composed of RG-I and galacturonic acid main chains, KSH-1 was composed of 1,4-ß-D-Xylp backbone attached to 1,5-α-L-Araf units. Among the five fractions, CSP has the highest DPPH radical scavenging activity while KSH-1 has the highest reducing power. This study can contribute to the applications of Chinese quince fruit polysaccharides in food and pharmaceutical industries.

11.
Injury ; 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703962

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate functional and radiological outcomes in distal femoral fracture patients (distal femoral shaft fractures or metaphyseal fractures) receiving indirect reduction and internal fixation with the minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis (MIPPO) assisted by 3D printing navigation templates. METHODS: This retrospective study included all adult (≥18 years) patients who underwent MIPPO for distal femoral fracture (AO32/33) at PLA 960 Hospital, Jinan, China between January 1, 2013 and December 31, 2016. 3D printed navigation templates were used to assist surgery. Functional assessment was performed using the Knee Society Score (KSS) and the Functional Knee Society Score (FKSS). Postoperative deformity was assessed with 3D-CT reconstruction using contralateral (non-fracture) side as the reference. RESULTS: A total of 54 patients underwent MIPPO for distal femoral fracture during the review period (34 and 20 for conventional and template-guided MIPPO, respectively). At 10-14 months, the KSS score was 160.6 ±â€¯18.1 and 167.5 ±â€¯17.2 in the conventional and template-guided MIPPO groups, respectively (p = 0.18). The FKSS was 77.6 ±â€¯9.4 in the conventional MIPPO group vs. 81.0 ±â€¯8.5 in the template-guided MIPPO group (p = 0.15). Femoral length difference was smaller in template-guided MIPPO group (3.31 ±â€¯1.53 vs. 9.50 ±â€¯4.49 mm in the control; p < 0.01). Template-guided MIPPO group also had smaller anatomic lateral distal femoral angle (aLDFA) difference (1.57° ± 0.72° vs. 3.89° ± 1.72° in the control; p < 0.01), anatomic posterior distal femoral angle (aPDFA) difference (1.95° ± 0.78° vs. 5.04° ± 1.78°; p < 0.01), and anteversion angle difference (2.52° ± 1.00° vs. 8.23° ± 4.07°; p < 0.01). The rate of length discrepancy (>20 mm), coronal angulation deformity (aLDFA difference >5°), sagittal angulation deformity (aPDFA difference >10°), and rotational malalignment (anteversion angle >10°) was 5.9%, 20.5%, 2.9%, and 32.4% in the control group. No patients in the template-guided MIPPO group had deformity of any type. CONCLUSIONS: MIPPO assisted by 3D printing navigation templates could practically improve surgical accuracy and eliminate postoperative rotational deformity in patients with distal femoral fractures.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704169

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To monitor the serological typing of Haemophilus influenzae(Hi) in the lower respiratory tract infection in western Sichuan, China, the changes in beta-lactam resistance of the strains and the mechanism of beta-lactam resistance in these isolates over the past decade. METHODS: 54 strains of Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) isolated from 2003 to 2004 and 220 strains of NTHi isolated from 2013 to 2014 were selected randomly. Hi strains were characterized by serological typing, and by PCR analysis of the p6, fucK and cap gene. The MIC values for ampicillin (AMP), Amoxicillin-clavulanic (AMC) acid and cefuroxime (CXM) were determined by broth microdilution susceptibility test. The TEM-1, ROB-1 and ftsI genes of the strain were sequenced; We compared the data obtained over a decade. The mechanisms of beta-lactam resistance and the effect of amino acid substitution of the ftsI gene on the MIC values of AMP, AMC and CXM were analyzed, respectively. RESULTS: 1. The MIC values of AMP, AMC and CXM of the NTHi strains isolated during 2013˜2014 were significantly higher than those of the strains collected during 2003˜2004 by rank sum test, p < 0.05. 2. BLA positive strains were 51.46% (141/274); gene sequencing showed that all 141 beta-lactamase positive strains were TEM-1 type. 3. There were 32 amino acid substitutions of the ftsI gene sequence and three of them had two amino acid substitutions in the NTHi isolated from 2013 to 2014. However, NTHi strains isolated from 2003 to 2004 had only the 9 amino acids substitutions (D350 N, M377I, A437S, G490E, A502 V,V511A, R517H and N526 K). 4. The results of rank sum test showed that only a few amino acids had no significant difference in the MIC values between the three beta-lactams. Ordered multiple classification logistic regression analysis showed that different amino acid replacement patterns of the ftsI gene had different effects on the MIC values of AMP, AMC and CXM, respectively. The main factors affecting the MIC value of AMP were in turn R517H (OR = 7.128), L389 F (OR = 6.999), N526 K (OR = 4.660) and D350 N (OR = 0.450); The main factor influencing the MIC value of AMC was an N526 K mutation (OR = 9.349);The main factors affecting the MIC value of CXM were the mutations S357 N (OR = 37.453) and N526 K (OR = 14.816). 5. Compared with the strains isolated from 2003 to 2004, the gBLNAR and gBLPAR strains isolated from 2013 to 2014 increased significantly from 12.96% (7/54), 9.26% (7/54) to 42.0% (84/220), 45.45% (100/220) respectively, p < 0.001. 6. Only 36.22% of the strains in the ftsI gene mutation fit the condition of group I ˜ III, and the group Ⅲ-like strain was 23.98% (47/196). In addition to M377I, S385 T, L389 F and N526 K mutations, all 47 NTHi strains also had amino acid substitution for D350 N and S357I. In other group, 13 NTHi strains had the same ftsI gene mutation pattern and 24 amino acid substitutions. CONCLUSIONS: Our results confirmed that Hi isolated from the lower respiratory tract of Western Sichuan in China from 2013 to 2014 were NTHi strains. Compared with ten years earler, beta-lactamase producing strains and beta-lactam resistant strains increased rapidly. The amino acid substitution of the ftsI gene was more complex and diversified. So far, although some progress has been made in the study of antibiotical resistance mechanism of NTHi strains, how to control the growth of NTHi resistant strains is still a challenge in China.

13.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(92): 13884-13887, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675017

RESUMO

Presented here is the deep eutectic solvothermal synthesis of an open framework copper selenidogermanate, namely [NH3CH3]0.75Cu1.25GeSe3 (CuGeSe-1), which exhibits a rapid and effective Cs+ ion exchange performance (qm = 225.3 mg g-1). CuGeSe-1 shows a structural flexibility upon Cs+ exchange. The robust selenide-based framework contributes to an excellent pH stability (1-12). The Cs+-laden product could be facilely eluted.

14.
Curr Alzheimer Res ; 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724513

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Visuospatial dysfunction is one predominant symptom in many atypical Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients, however, until now its neural correlates still remain unclear. For the accumulation of intracellular hyperphosphorylated tau proteins is a major pathogenic factor in neurodegeneration of AD, the distributional pattern of tau could highlight the affected brain regions associated with specific cognitive deficits. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the brain regions particularly affected by tau accumulation in patients with visuospatial dysfunction to explore its neural correlates. METHOD: Using 18F-AV-1451 tau positron emission tomography (PET), voxel-wise two-sample t-tests were performed between AD patients with obvious visuospatial dysfunction (VS-AD) and cognitively normal subjects, AD patients with little-to-no visuospatial dysfunction (non VS-AD) and cognitively normal subjects, respectively. RESULTS: Results showed increased tau accumulations mainly located in occipitoparietal cortex, posterior cingulate cortex, precuneus, inferior and medial temporal cortex in VS-AD patients, while increased tau accumulations mainly occurred in the inferior and medial temporal cortex in non VS-AD patients. CONCLUSION: These findings suggested that occipitoparietal cortex, posterior cingulate cortex and precuneus, which were particularly affected by increased tau accumulation in VS-AD patients, may associate with visuospatial dysfunction of AD.

15.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(21)2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671739

RESUMO

This study proposes a novel piezoelectric micromachined ultrasonic transducer (PMUT), fabricated on a metal foil. Using a bottom-up, cost-effective micromachining technique, the PMUTs made of electrodes, a piezoelectric film, or electrode-sandwiched structures with versatile patterns were implemented on a large-area foil thinner rather than regular paper. The proposed microfabrication facilitated the PMUT to be able to generate ultrasonic waves with fundamental and harmonic resonances. The fourth-order resonances of the fabricated PMUT functionally operated at an ultrasonic spectrum of approximately 30 kHz as an ultrasonic emitter. The developed PMUT was paired with a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) microphone module for range-finding applications in the range of several tens of millimeters. A signal-processing scheme was developed to extract the representative pattern from the acquired signals that were emitted and received. The pattern enabled finding the distance between the PMUT and the microphone using time-of-flight and strength-variation technology. The developed PMUT-microphone pair demonstrated its range-finding performance, displaying an error of less than 0.7% using the time-of-flight method.

16.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2019 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680420

RESUMO

Hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) plays a critical role in the apoptotic process during cardiac ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. This study aimed to investigate whether post-treatment with dexmedetomidine (DEX) could protect against I/R-induced cardiac apoptosis in vivo and in vitro via regulating HIF-1α signalling pathway. Rat myocardial I/R was induced by occluding the left anterior descending artery for 30 minutes followed by 6-hours reperfusion, and cardiomyocyte hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) was induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation for 6 hours followed by 3-hours reoxygenation. Dexmedetomidine administration at the beginning of reperfusion or reoxygenation attenuated I/R-induced myocardial injury or H/R-induced cell death, alleviated mitochondrial dysfunction, reduced the number of apoptotic cardiomyocytes, inhibited the activation of HIF-1α and modulated the expressions of apoptosis-related proteins including BCL-2, BAX, BNIP3, cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved PARP. Conversely, the HIF-1α prolyl hydroxylase-2 inhibitor IOX2 partly blocked DEX-mediated cardioprotection both in vivo and in vitro. Mechanistically, DEX down-regulated HIF-1α expression at the post-transcriptional level and inhibited the transcriptional activation of the target gene BNIP3. Post-treatment with DEX protects against cardiac I/R injury in vivo and H/R injury in vitro. These effects are, at least in part, mediated via the inhibition of cell apoptosis by targeting HIF-1α signalling.

17.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(11): 1089-1093, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753090

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the application value of surface electromyography in children with dysphagia. METHODS: A total of 20 children with dysphagia were enrolled as the observation group, and 20 healthy children, matched for sex and age, were enrolled as the control group. Surface electromyography was used to record the electromyography integral values of the submental and infrahyoid muscle groups in the resting state and the state after water swallowing. The two groups were compared in terms of the electromyography integral values of the submental and infrahyoid muscle groups in the resting state and the state after swallowing 5 mL water. The observation group was observed in terms of the changes in the electromyography integral values of the submental and infrahyoid muscle groups after 1 month of rehabilitation treatment. A Spearman correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation of the degree of dysphagia with the electromyography integral values of the submental and infrahyoid muscle groups in the observation group. RESULTS: There was no significant difference between the two groups in the electromyography integral values of the submental and infrahyoid muscle groups in the resting state (P>0.05), while after water swallowing, the observation group had significantly higher electromyography integral values than the control group (P<0.05). The observation group had significant improvements in the clinical symptoms of dysphagia after treatment, with significant reductions in the electromyography integral values of the submental and infrahyoid muscle groups (P<0.05). The severity of dysphagia was positively correlated with the electromyography integral values of the submental and infrahyoid muscle groups (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Surface electromyography is useful in the diagnosis and therapeutic effect evaluation for dysphagia in children.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Deglutição , Criança , Deglutição , Eletromiografia , Humanos
18.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769029

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent years, cold-pressed oils are more and more popular with consumers. However, their oxidative stability is low. Improving the oxidative stability of cold-pressed oils will increase their shelf life. Maillard reaction products (MRPs) have been shown to promote the oxidative stability of lipids. In this study, products from the Maillard reaction of reducing sugars and sesame enzymatically hydrolysed protein (SEHP) were added to cold-pressed sesame oils to improve their oxidative stability. RESULTS: Three types of MRPs from reducing sugars (xylose, fructose, and glucose) and SEHP were prepared. Xylose-SEHP MRPs prepared under optimum conditions had the highest antioxidant activities among the three. The optimum conditions of xylose-SEHP were as follows: reaction temperature 130 °C, reaction time 180 min, pH 6.5 and sugar/protein ratio 10:1. The addition of xylose-SEHP MRPs at 20 g kg-1 level could significantly improve the oxidative stability of cold-pressed sesame oil. Besides, the addition of MRPs reduced the loss of tocopherol. The interaction of MRPs with endogenous antioxidants in the sesame oil (sesamol and tocopherol) was proved by comparison with lard. There was a synergistic increase in antioxidant activity for the combination of MRPs and sesamol, and the combination of MRPs and tocopherol. CONCLUSION: The study provides evidence that adding certain MRPs can improve the oxidative stability of cold-pressed sesame oil. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

19.
Br J Clin Pharmacol ; 2019 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31656042

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dexmedetomidine is highly specific alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist. A single bolus of dexmedetomidine can achieve clinical therapeutic effect. Therefore, it is essential to know the safety margin between the clinical effectiveness dosages of dexmedetomidine and its side effect. METHODS: A total of 42 patients underwent elective thyroidectomy were enrolled in this study. Dexmedetomidine was given as a single bolus injection 30 min towards the end of surgery. The up-and-down sequential schedule was used in this study. The starting dose of dexmedetomidine was set at 0.1 µg/kg in the first patient and then, the next patient would receive decremented 0.05µg/kg of dexmedetomidine if the prior patient's baseline HR had a decrease of ≥20% and/or MAP increase or decrease of ≥20%, otherwise, the following patient would receive an incremental 0.05µg/kg of dexmedetomidine. The analytic techniques of linear, linear-logarithmic, exponential regressions and centered isotonic regression were used to determine the ED50 of dexmedetomidine and the residual standard errors were calculated for the comparison of "goodness of fit" among the different models. RESULT: The median ((IQR) [min-max]) lowest HR was 57 beat/min (53-63.3[46-76]) with an average HR decrease of 8.0 b/min (5-13[4 to 23]). The median (IQR [range]) highest MAP was 98 mmHg (91.8-105 [83-126]) with a MAP increase of 10.0 mmHg (6.8-18.0 [2 to 24]). The ED50 (95% confidence interval) from four different statistical approaches (linear, linear-logarithmic, exponential regressions and centered isotonic regression) were 0.262 µg/kg (0.243, 0.306), 0.252 µg/kg (0.238, 0.307), 0.283 µg/kg (0.238, 0.307), and 0.278µg/kg, respectively. Among the all of four models, the exponential regression had the least residual standard error (0.03618). CONCLUSION: The ED50 derived from four statistical models for an IV bolus of dexmedetomidine without significant hemodynamic effects was distributed in a small range of 0.252-0.283µg/kg, and the exponential regression was the model to match the study data best.

20.
Adv Mater ; : e1903952, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31566255

RESUMO

Rechargeable room-temperature sodium-sulfur (RT-NaS) batteries represent one of the most attractive technologies for future stationary energy storage due to their high energy density and low cost. The S cathodes can react with Na ions via two-electron conversion reactions, thus achieving ultrahigh theoretical capacity (1672 mAh g-1 ) and specific energy (1273 Wh kg-1 ). Unfortunately, the sluggish reaction kinetics of the nonconductive S, severe polysulfide dissolution, and the use of metallic Na are causing enormous challenges for the development of RT-NaS batteries. Fatal polysulfide dissolution is highlighted, important studies toward polysulfide immobilization and conversion are presented, and the reported remedies in terms of intact physical confinement, strong chemical interaction, blocking layers, and optimization of electrolytes are summarized. Future research directions toward practical RT-NaS batteries are summarized.

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