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1.
Heart ; 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32381650

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Whether lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) is a predictor for recurrent cardiovascular events (RCVEs) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) has not been established. This study, hence, aimed to examine the potential impact of Lp(a) on RCVEs in a real-world, large cohort of patients with the first cardiovascular event (CVE). METHODS: In this multicentre, prospective study, 7562 patients with angiography-diagnosed CAD who had experienced a first CVE were consecutively enrolled. Lp(a) concentrations of all subjects were measured at admission and the participants were categorised according to Lp(a) tertiles. All patients were followed-up for the occurrence of RCVEs including cardiovascular death, non-fatal myocardial infarction and stroke. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 61.45±19.57 months, 680 (9.0%) RCVEs occurred. The results showed that events group had significantly higher Lp(a) levels than non-events group (20.58 vs 14.95 mg/dL, p<0.001). Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated that Lp(a) tertile 2 (p=0.001) and tertile 3 (p<0.001) groups had significantly lower cumulative event-free survival rates compared with tertile 1 group. Moreover, multivariate Cox regression analysis further revealed that Lp(a) was independently associated with RCVEs risk (HR: 2.01, 95% CI: 1.44 to 2.80, p<0.001). Moreover, adding Lp(a) to the SMART risk score model led to a slight but significant improvement in C-statistic (∆C-statistic: 0.018 (95% CI: 0.011 to 0.034), p=0.002), net reclassification (6.8%, 95% CI: 0.5% to 10.9%, p=0.040) and integrated discrimination (0.3%, 95% CI: 0.1% to 0.7%, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Circulating Lp(a) concentration was indeed a useful predictor for the risk of RCVEs in real-world treated patients with CAD, providing additional information concerning the future clinical application of Lp(a).

2.
Molecules ; 25(7)2020 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32252312

RESUMO

Neuropeptides are released by neurons that are involved in a wide range of brain functions, such as food intake, metabolism, reproduction, and learning and memory. A full-length cDNA sequence of an FMRFamide gene isolated from the cuttlefish Sepia pharaonis (designated as SpFMRFamide) was cloned. The predicted precursor protein contains one putative signal peptide and four FMRFamide-related peptides. Multiple amino acid and nucleotide sequence alignments showed that it shares 97% similarity with the precursor FMRFamides of Sepiella japonica and Sepia officinalis and shares 93% and 92% similarity with the SpFMRFamide gene of the two cuttlefish species, respectively. Moreover, the phylogenetic analysis also suggested that SpFMRFamide and FMRFamides from S. japonica and S. officinalis belong to the same sub-branch. Tissue expression analysis confirmed that SpFMRFamide was widely distributed among tissues and predominantly expressed in the brain at the three development stages. The combined effects of SpFMRFamide+SpGnRH and SpFLRFamide+SpGnRH showed a marked decrease in the level of the total proteins released in the CHO-K1 cells. This is the first report of SpFMRFamide in S. pharaonis and the results may contribute to future studies of neuropeptide evolution or may prove useful for the development of aquaculture methods for this cuttlefish species.

3.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 19(1): 45, 2020 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32245386

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elevation in small dense low-density lipoprotein (sdLDL) is common in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), which has already been reported to be associated with incidence of coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim of the present study was to investigate the prognostic value of plasma sdLDL level in patients with stable CAD and DM. METHODS: A total of 4148 consecutive patients with stable CAD were prospectively enrolled into the study and followed up for major cardiovascular events (MACEs) up to 8.5 years. Plasma sdLDL level was measured in each patient by a direct method using automated chemistry analyzer. The patients were subsequently divided into four groups by the quartiles of sdLDL and the association of sdLDL level with MACEs in different status of glucose metabolism [DM, Pre-DM, normal glycaemia regulation (NGR)] was evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 464 MACEs were documented. Both Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression analysis indicated that the patients in quartile 4 but not quartile 2 or 3 of sdLDL level had significantly higher rate of MACEs than that in lowest quartile. When the prognostic value of high sdLDL was assessed in different glucose metabolism status, the results showed that the high sdLDL plus DM was associated with worse outcome after adjustment of confounding risk factors (hazard ratio: 1.83, 95% confident interval: 1.24-2.70, p < 0.05). However, no significant association was observed for high sdLDL plus Pre-DM or NGR. CONCLUSIONS: The present study firstly indicated that elevated levels of plasma sdLDL were associated with increased risk of MACEs among DM patients with proven CAD, suggesting that sdLDL may be useful for CAD risk stratification in DM.

4.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 9(3): e014581, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013705

RESUMO

Background Although several studies have indicated that lipoprotein(a) is a useful prognostic predictor for patients following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), previous observations have somewhat been limited by either small sample size or short-term follow-up. Hence, this study aimed to evaluate the impact of lipoprotein(a) on long-term outcomes in a large cohort of stable coronary artery disease patients after PCI. Methods and Results In this multicenter and prospective study, we consecutively enrolled 4078 stable coronary artery disease patients undergoing PCI from March 2011 to March 2016. They were categorized according to both the median of lipoprotein(a) levels and lipoprotein(a) values of <15 (low), 15 to 30 (medium), and ≥30 mg/dL (high). All patients were followed up for occurrence of cardiovascular events, including cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and stroke. During an average of 4.9 years of follow-up, 315 (7.7%) cardiovascular events occurred. The events group had significantly higher lipoprotein(a) levels than the nonevents group. Compared with the low lipoprotein(a) group, Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the high lipoprotein(a) group had a significantly lower cumulative event-free survival rate, and multivariate Cox regression analysis further revealed that the high lipoprotein(a) group had significantly increased cardiovascular events risk. Moreover, adding continuous or categorical lipoprotein(a) to the Cox model led to a significant improvement in C-statistic, net reclassification, and integrated discrimination. Conclusions With a large sample size and long-term follow-up, our data confirmed that high lipoprotein(a) levels could be associated with a poor prognosis after PCI in stable coronary artery disease patients, suggesting that lipoprotein(a) measurements may be useful for patient risk stratification before selective PCI.

5.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 19(1): 15, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32041617

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) is a novel marker of myocardial injury and has been reported to be associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) including patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Unfortunately, its prognostic value in patients with CVD and impaired glucose metabolism (IGM) is unclear. The objective of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of H-FABP in CVD patients with IGM. METHODS: A total of 4594 patients with angiography-proven coronary artery disease (CAD) were enrolled and divided into subgroup according to glucose metabolism status (normal glucose regulation [NGR], pre-DM, and DM). Baseline levels of H-FABP were measured using latex immunoturbidimetric method. The cardiovascular events (CVE) were defined as cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke and coronary revascularization. Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier analysis were used to evaluate the relations of H-FABP and glucose metabolism status to CVEs. RESULTS: During the follow-up period with up to 7.1 years, 380 CVEs occurred. Patients with CVE had higher levels of H-FABP compared to those without CVE (p < 0.001). Interestingly, H-FABP levels were also elevated in DM and pre-DM groups compared with NGR group (p < 0.001), when combined glucose metabolism status with H-FABP stratification, patients in the highest tertile of H-FABP appeared to have higher risk of CVEs with pre-DM (adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 1.855, 95% confidential intervals [CIs] 1.076-3.214; p = 0.033) and DM (adjusted HR: 2.560, 95% CIs 1.409-4.650; p = 0.002). The Kaplan-Meier curve indicated that DM patients with the highest H-FABP levels were associated with the greatest risk of CVEs (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our data firstly showed that elevated H-FABP levels were associated with worse outcomes in CAD patients with pre-DM and DM, which provided the novel information that H-FABP might be a prognostic marker for clinical outcomes among patients with CAD and IGM.

6.
Eur J Clin Invest ; 50(4): e13210, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061097

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute, self-limited vasculitis. Coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) serves as a major contributor to the long-term prognosis of KD. In addition, acute KD usually also leads to several kinds of noncoronary cardiac abnormalities (NCA) involving the pericardium, myocardium and endocardium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 142 Chinese children with KD were recruited from July 2015 to April 2018. Blood samples were collected at 24 hours pre-intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy. Several inflammatory mediators and biomarkers for acute myocardial infarction were detected. Echocardiography and electrocardiography (ECG) were performed. RESULTS: Plasma white blood cell counts (WBC) were significantly increased in patients with IVIG-nonresponsive KD when compared with their IVIG-responsive counterparts. A total of 106 children (74.65%) suffered from NCA, including 8 patients (5.63%) with pericardial effusion, 23 patients (16.20%) with acute myocarditis, 101 patients (71.13%) with valvular regurgitation and 8 patients (5.63%) with abnormal ECG. No significant differences were observed in the distribution of clinical classification and the response to IVIG therapy regardless of NCA exhibited or not. CONCLUSIONS: Noncoronary cardiac abnormalities is almost universal in acute KD and mainly manifests as valvular regurgitation. However, it has no influence on clinical classification and the response to IVIG therapy.

7.
Clin Exp Med ; 20(1): 21-30, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31734766

RESUMO

Coronary artery abnormalities (CAAs) are prominent during the acute Kawasaki disease (KD) episode and represent the major contributors to the long-term prognosis. Several meta-analysis and published scoring systems have identified hepatic dysfunction as an independent predictor of CAA risks. The medical records of 210 KD children were reviewed. Blood samples were collected from all subjects at 24 h pre-therapy and 48 h post-therapy, respectively. Liver function test (LFT) and inflammatory mediators were detected. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify the reliable biomarkers predicting whether CAAs existed or not in KD patients. 90.95% of KD patients had at least 1 abnormal LFT. Hypoalbuminemia was the most prevalent type of hepatic dysfunction, followed by elevated aspartate aminotransferase, low TP, low A/G and hyperbilirubinemia, respectively. The elevated inflammatory mediators (procalcitonin and C-reactive protein) and moderate dose of aspirin played a synthetic role in hepatic dysfunction secondary to KD. However, LFT presented no significant differences between infectious and noninfectious conditions. By a multivariate analysis, a lower albumin/globulin ratio (A/G, OR 13.50, 95% CI 3.944-46.23) served as an independent predictor of CAAs and had a sensitivity of 56.25%, and a specificity of 61.11% at a cutoff value of < 1.48. In conclusion, hepatic dysfunction is a common complication during the acute KD episode, characterized by elevated serum liver enzymes, hypoalbuminemia and hyperbilirubinemia. Systemic inflammation and aspirin, rather than infectious agents, are both the major contributors of hepatic dysfunction secondary to KD. A lower A/G serves as an independent predictor of CAAs.

8.
Atherosclerosis ; 291: 27-33, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683090

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] has been considered as a causal risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the general population and levels vary in different ethnicities. However, no systemic analysis is currently available regarding the relation of plasma Lp(a) levels to cardiovascular events (CVEs) in Chinese patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HeFH). METHODS: Three hundred and ninety-three patients with HeFH undergoing Lp(a) measurement at baseline were consecutively enrolled and followed prospectively for an average of 36.5 months. Lp(a) levels were determined using an immunoturbidimetry assay. Cox regression analysis with adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and Kaplan-Meier analysis were used to evaluate the prognostic value of Lp(a) on CVEs. RESULTS: Thirty-five events occurred during follow-up. Lp(a) was significantly higher in patients with CVEs (53.3 mg/dL versus 31.7 mg/dL, p < 0.001). In Kaplan-Meier analysis, patients with upper tertile of Lp(a) had a significant lower event-free survival (p = 0.004). After adjusting for confounding risk factors, per log unit increase in baseline Lp(a) was independently associated with CVEs [HR: 2.03(1.28-3.21), p = 0.002]. HRs remained unchanged after accounting for hard endpoints and did not vary too much in several relevant subgroups. Adding Lp(a) to the Cox model led to a significant improvement in C-statistic, net reclassification and integrated discrimination. Moreover, HR for upper versus lower tertile of change in Lp(a) was 2.68 (1.11-6.48) for CVEs after one year. CONCLUSIONS: Both baseline and on-statin treatment Lp(a) levels were associated with an increased risk of CVEs in patients with HeFH, suggesting that Lp(a) measurement might clinically help further risk stratification of FH patients.

10.
J Transl Med ; 17(1): 367, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711505

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9 (PCSK9) has been proposed as a novel target for coronary artery disease (CAD). Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is characterized by high prevalence of CAD and major cardiovascular events (MACEs). However, no data is available on the association between PCSK9 levels and MACEs in FH patients with standard lipid lowering therapy. METHODS: A total of 338 consecutive heterozygous FH (Dutch Lipid Clinic Network score ≥ 6) was enrolled and followed up for the occurrence of MACEs. Multidetector CT and coronary angiography were performed to determine coronary artery calcification score (CACS) and Gensini score (GS). Multivariable Cox regression analyses were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Plasma PCSK9 concentrations were determined by enzyme immunoassay. RESULTS: PCSK9 was independently and positively associated CACS and GS at baseline. During a mean follow-up of 3 years, 33 (9.8%) events occurred. Patients with MACEs had higher median PCSK9 compared with those without (332.47 vs. 311.89 ng/mL, p = 0.038). Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that patients with higher PCSK9 presented lower event-free survival (p = 0.0017). PCSK9 was statistically correlated with MACEs after adjusting for confounding factors, with the HR per SD being 1.86 (1.31-2.65) and 3.70 (1.16-11.82) for the highest tertile compared with the lowest tertile. Adding PCSK9 to Cox prediction model led to a statistical improvement in net reclassification and integrated discrimination. CONCLUSION: Elevated levels of PCSK9 were positively associated with the development of CAD and future cardiovascular events, suggesting that measurement of PCSK9 concentration might be useful for cardiovascular risk stratification. Further studies are needed to confirm our results.

11.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 18(1): 134, 2019 10 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study is to examine the effects of free fatty acids (FFAs) on major cardiovascular events (MACEs) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) and different glucose metabolism status. METHODS: In this study, we consecutively enrolled 5443 patients from March 2011 to May 2015. Patients were categorized according to both status of glucose metabolism status [diabetes mellitus (DM), pre-diabetes (Pre-DM), normal glycaemia regulation (NGR)] and FFAs levels. All subjects were followed up for the occurrence of the MACEs. RESULTS: During a median of 6.7 years' follow-up, 608 MACEs occurred. A twofold higher FFAs level was independently associated with MACEs after adjusting for confounding factors [Hazard Ratio (HR): 1.242, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.084-1.424, p value = 0.002]. Adding FFAs to the Cox model increased the C-statistic by 0.015 (0.005-0.027). No significant difference in MACEs was observed between NGR and Pre-DM groups (p > 0.05). When patients were categorized by both status of glucose metabolism and FFAs levels, medium and high FFAs were associated with significantly higher risk of MACEs in Pre-DM [1.736 (1.018-2.959) and 1.779 (1.012-3.126), all p-value < 0.05] and DM [2.017 (1.164-3.494) and 2.795 (1.619-4.824), all p-value < 0.05]. CONCLUSIONS: The present data indicated that baseline FFAs levels were associated with the prognosis in DM and Pre-DM patients with CAD, suggesting that FFAs may be a valuable predictor in patients with impaired glucose metabolism.

12.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; : 2047487319880985, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604401

RESUMO

AIMS: Familial hypercholesterolemia patients are characterized by early onset of coronary artery calcification and atherosclerosis, and high incidence of cardiovascular events. Plasma proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 was reported to be a predictor for cardiovascular risk in the general population. However, its prognostic value for predicting recurrent cardiovascular events in familial hypercholesterolemia patients remains undetermined. METHODS: A total of 249 patients with molecularly and/or clinically (Dutch Lipid Clinic Network score > 6) defined familial hypercholesterolemia who had experienced a first cardiovascular event were consecutively included and plasma proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Coronary artery calcification was measured using Agatston method and coronary severity was assessed by Gensini score, respectively. All patients received standard lipid-lowering therapy and were followed-up for recurrent cardiovascular events. Univariate and multivariate regression and Cox analyses was used to calculate hazard ratios with 95% confidence interval. RESULTS: Circulating proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 concentrations were positively associated with coronary artery calcification scores and Gensini score by both univariate and multivariate analyses. During a mean follow-up of 43 ± 19 months, 29 (11.51%) recurrent cardiovascular events occurred. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that patients with the highest proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 levels had the lowest event-free survival time. Multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed that proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 was independently associated with recurrent cardiovascular events (hazard ratio: 1.45, 95% confidence interval: 1.11-1.88). The combination of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 to Cox prediction model led to an enhanced predictive value for recurrent cardiovascular events. CONCLUSIONS: Increased level of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 was a significant risk factor of atherosclerosis and independently predicted future recurrent cardiovascular events in familial hypercholesterolemia patients receiving standard lipid-lowering treatment.

13.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(4): 1305-1310, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418397

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristic changes of the plasma cytokine profile in Chinese patients with idiopathic multicentric Castleman diseases (iMCD). METHODS: The plasma samples from 22 patients with confirmed diagnosis of iMCD were collected before treatments; Specimens from 17 patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma, 10 non Hodgkin's lymphoma, and 15 healthy donors were used as control. Seventeen kinds of cytokines were measured by cytokine beads array (CBA) and ELISA respectively. RESULTS: Six cytokines were measured by ELISA. The concentrations of IL-2, IL-6, IL-21 and VEGF were significantly higher in the plasma of iMCD patients than those of the healthy donors (P<0.01) and the level of IL-21 was highest in the iMCD group. There was no significant difference in the levels of IL-1ß and IL-4 between the iMCD and healthy donor groups. Thirteen cytokines were measured by CBA assay, besides IL-6 level was confirmed to be higher in iMCD group than that in healthy controls (P<0.01), IL-12-p70 and IL-33 levels were also higher in iMCD group than those in control group (P<0.05), no significant difference of the rest cytokines was found between iMCD and the control group. CONCLUSION: IL-6 and VEGF has shown to involved in the pathogenesis of iMCD, the results of preliminary study imply the role of IL-2 、IL-21、IL-12-p70 and IL-33 in this rare lymphoproliferative disease. Further studies are needed to elucidate the mechanism of these cytokines, which may shed some light on the identification of novel therapeutic targets against iMCD.


Assuntos
Hiperplasia do Linfonodo Gigante , Citocinas , Humanos , Interleucina-12 , Interleucina-1beta , Plasma
14.
Pediatr Rheumatol Online J ; 17(1): 53, 2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366406

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the last decade, incomplete Kawasaki disease (KD), intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) non-response and coronary artery abnormalities (CAA) have experienced the increasing trends in China. In addition, the enhancement of pediatricians' awareness may also raise the diagnostic rate of incomplete KD and stimulate more aggressive initial therapy in the acute episode of KD. Given this background, we hypothesize that the time option of IVIG treatment should be in parallel with peak time of systemic inflammation; either earlier or later IVIG treatment may affect the clinical classification, therapeutic responsiveness and CAA occurrence in KD patients. Therefore, the major objective of the present study is to identify whether the time option of IVIG treatment could be associated with the clinical classification, therapeutic responsiveness and CAA occurrence in the acute episode of KD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 153 children with KD were recruited between July 2015 and May 2018. All patients received the standard therapy of KD, including a single infusion of IVIG (2 g/kg) and aspirin (30-50 mg/kg/d). Blood samples were collected from all subjects within 24 h pre-IVIG treatment, respectively. Echocardiography was performed during the period from 2 days to 14 days after IVIG treatment. RESULTS: (1) The clinical classification presented no significant heterogenicity among different treatment time (x2 = 1.59, p > 0.05) (2) Eleven KD patients resisted to IVIG treatment and 7 of them (63.60%) received the initial IVIG dose on day 5 and 6. (3) The distribution of CAA onset was subjected to a significant difference according to timing option of IVIG treatment (x2 = 11.94, p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The time option of IVIG treatment is associated with therapeutic responsiveness and CAA but not with clinical classification in the acute episode of KD.


Assuntos
Arterite/tratamento farmacológico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Environ Int ; 131: 104977, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31295645

RESUMO

Oxygen (O2) in air is an eco-friendly and economical oxidant. However, its activation is an energy-intensive process requiring high operation temperature. Herein, we report the synthesis of nanoscaled Co-CoO on a graphite felt (GF) as an anode material for electrocatalytic wet air oxidation (ECWAO) of water contaminants at room temperature. Such an ECWAO process shows extensive effectiveness in mineralizing a variety of biorefractory organic pollutants. A probe pollutant, bisphenol A (BPA), is rapidly degraded in 180 min with mineralization efficiencies higher than 85% over a wide pH range from 3.0 to 11.0. The Co-CoO/GF electrode exhibits excellent stability in the ECWAO process, without loss of activity and leaching of metal. The ECWAO process is confirmed to be initiated by the electrochemical activation of O2 through a non-radical pathway. The CoO on the surface of Co nanoparticle is identified as the catalytically active site, at which O2 molecules are first converted to chemisorbed oxygen species and then electrochemically oxidized to their activated states. The ECWAO process with the Co-CoO/GF electrode presents the merits of high efficiency, low energy input and environmental friendliness, and has a great potential for practical wastewater treatment.

16.
Mol Diagn Ther ; 23(4): 547-553, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31172370

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The most significant clinical implication of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is early-onset coronary artery disease (CAD), highlighting the importance of a definitive diagnosis being available. Unfortunately, the existing algorithms are complex and it is often difficult to obtain information on the patient's family history. Hence, we aimed to establish a novel system of Simplified Chinese Criteria for FH (SCCFH). METHODS: We recruited 12,921 participants undergoing routine blood collection from November 2011 to June 2018. Clinical characteristics, laboratory examination, and genetic testing were obtained. FH was diagnosed based on the Simon Broome (SB) criteria, Dutch Lipid Clinic Network (DLCN) criteria, and SCCFH. The sensitivity, specificity, and agreement of SCCFH to these existing criteria were investigated. RESULTS: Of 12,921 participants reviewed, the prevalence of definite FH was 223 (1.73%), 202 (1.56%), and 205 (1.59%) based on the DLCN, SB, and SCCFH approaches, respectively. Compared with the DLCN and SB criteria, the SCCFH showed high sensitivity (91.9% and 100%), high specificity (100% and 99.9%), and good agreement (κ = 0.958 and 0.993). Similar results were found in several relevant clinical subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: The SCCFH system is comparable to the existing criteria with high levels of sensitivity and specificity, and is easier to use clinically. Further larger prospective studies are needed to evaluate the feasibility and reliability of this system.

17.
Hypertens Res ; 42(11): 1783-1793, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31235846

RESUMO

High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), a marker of inflammation, can promote atherosclerosis and predict cardiovascular events. However, no data are currently available about the combined effects of hsCRP and hypertension on cardiovascular risk. This study sought to elucidate this matter. A total of 7325 consecutive patients with angina-like chest pain undergoing coronary angiography were evaluated, and 4291 patients with stable, newly diagnosed coronary artery disease (CAD) were enrolled. They were subdivided into three groups according to baseline hsCRP levels (<1, 1-3, and >3 mg/L) and further stratified by hypertension status. The severity of CAD was assessed by the Gensini score and number of diseased vessels. All participants were followed for the occurrence of cardiovascular events. The coronary severity and cardiovascular outcomes were compared among these groups. We observed 530 (12.35%) incident cardiovascular events over 14,210 person-years. Elevated hsCRP was associated with more severe coronary lesions (p < 0.05) and an elevated but nonsignificant increased risk of cardiovascular events (p > 0.05). When hypertension was included as a stratifying factor, both patients with high hsCRP and normal blood pressure and hypertensive patients with any level of hsCRP had more severe coronary lesions compared with the reference group with low hsCRP and normotension. However, compared with the reference group, the cardiovascular event risk was only significantly elevated in patients with high hsCRP and hypertension (p < 0.05). The combination of elevated hsCRP and hypertension greatly increased the cardiovascular risk in patients with stable, newly diagnosed CAD, supporting that hsCRP could be treated as a marker for stratification in high-risk patients.

18.
Diabetes Care ; 42(7): 1312-1318, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31076417

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study is to determine the impact of elevated lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] on cardiovascular events (CVEs) in stable coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with different glucose metabolism status. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In this multicenter study, we consecutively enrolled 5,143 patients from March 2011 to February 2015. Patients were categorized according to status of glucose metabolism (diabetes mellitus [DM], pre-diabetes mellitus [pre-DM], and normal glucose regulation [NGR]) levels and further classified into 12 groups by Lp(a) levels. CVE end points included nonfatal acute myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, and cardiovascular mortality. All subjects were followed up for the occurrence of the CVEs. RESULTS: During a median of 6.1 years' follow-up, 435 (8.5%) CVEs occurred. No significant difference in occurrence of CVEs was observed between NGR and pre-DM groups (hazard ratio 1.131 [95% CI 0.822-1.556], P > 0.05). When status of glucose metabolism was incorporated in stratifying factors, 30 ≤ Lp(a) < 50 mg/dL and Lp(a) ≥50 mg/dL were associated with significantly higher risk of subsequent CVEs in pre-DM (2.181 [1.099-4.327] and 2.668 [1.383-5.415], respectively; all P < 0.05) and DM (3.088 [1.535-5.895] and 3.470 [1.801-6.686], all P < 0.05). Moreover, adding Lp(a) to the Cox model increased the C-statistic by 0.022 and 0.029 in pre-DM and DM, respectively, while the C-statistic was not statistically improved when Lp(a) was included for CVEs prediction in NGR. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings, for the first time, indicated that elevated Lp(a) levels might affect the prognosis in patients with pre-DM with stable CAD, suggesting that Lp(a) may help further stratify stable CAD patients with mild impaired glucose metabolism.

19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(4): 636-640, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30989873

RESUMO

To provide theoretical basis for the formation of Chrysanthemum indicum resource and quality,the differences in biology,ecology,yield and quality of Ch. indicum population in the wild tending,the cultivated and the wild were analyzed and compared in this study. The results showed that in the aspect of biology,there was no significant difference between the condition of wild tending and cultivated Ch. indicum at the height of plant,both were significantly higher than wild Ch. indicum. In the aspect of ecology,in the condition of wild tending is less likely to occur water logging than cultivated Ch. indicum. In the condition of wild tending is less likely to occur plant diseases and insect pests than Ch. indicum in the condition of wild. In the aspect of production,the average output of the sample of the condition of wild tending was significantly higher than that the condition of artificial cultivation and wild quadrat. There was no significant difference between the three kinds of condition on the traits of capitulum dichasium,the content of buddleoside of the wild tending Ch. indicum was significantly higher than that of 0. 80% required by the Chinese Pharmacopoeia( 2015 edition). Therefore,the artificial supplement and the appropriate artificial management of wild tending is a mode of production to increase the population density of Ch. indicum and obtain high quality and high yield medicinal materials.


Assuntos
Chrysanthemum , Água
20.
Clin Transl Gastroenterol ; 10(2): e00011, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30829918

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Whether non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with cardiovascular risk has still been controversial. The reasons for this disparity may be associated with subject selection, events definition, diagnostic criteria of NAFLD, or research methods. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship of NAFLD to cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes in patients with stable, new-onset coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: A matched case-control study based on the cohort with stable, new-onset CAD was implemented in 162 cases (patients who developed all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction and stroke during an average of 11,484 patient-years of follow-up) and 162 controls without cardiovascular events matched with the same sex, the age difference ≤3 years old, and the admission date within 3 months. Abdominal ultrasonography and coronary angiography were performed at admission. COX proportional hazard models and conditional logistic regression analysis were used to assess the effect of NAFLD on CVD outcomes. RESULTS: NAFLD was more common in the event group than in the control group (P = 0.012). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed a significant association between NAFLD and CVD outcomes (P = 0.007). Moreover, Cox regression (hazard ratios 1.56; 95% confidence interval, 1.04-2.34, P = 0.031) and conditional logistic regression (odds ratio 2.72, 95% confidence interval, 1.16-6.39, P = 0.022) analyses further demonstrated that NAFLD was an independent risk factor for CVD outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: NAFLD is indeed an independent predictor of CVD outcomes in patients with stable, new-onset CAD. Further randomized controlled trials may be needed to confirm our findings.

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