Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 110
Filtrar
1.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 20(1): 84, 2021 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33888145

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) with different glucose status has not been established. This study sought to evaluate the significance of NT-proBNP in predicting major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in patients with chronic coronary syndrome (CCS) and normal left-ventricular systolic function (LVSF) according to different glucose status, especially in those with abnormal glucose metabolism. METHODS: A total of 8062 patients with CCS and normal LVSF were consecutively enrolled in this prospective study. Baseline plasma NT-proBNP levels were measured. The follow-up data of all patients were collected. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses were used to assess the risk of MACEs according to NT-proBNP tertiles stratified by glucose status. RESULTS: Over an average follow-up of 59.13 ± 18.23 months, 569 patients (7.1 %) suffered from MACEs, including cardiovascular death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, and non-fatal stroke. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that high NT-proBNP levels had a significant association with MACEs in subjects with prediabetes mellitus (pre-DM) or DM, but not in patients with normoglycemia. Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that NT-proBNP remained an independent predictor of MACEs in patients with pre-DM [hazard ratio (HR): 2.56, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.34-4.91] or DM (HR: 2.34, 95% CI: 1.32-4.16). Moreover, adding NT-proBNP to the original Cox model including traditional risk factors significantly increased the C-statistic by 0.035 in pre-DM and DM, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The present study indicated that NT-proBNP could well predict worse outcomes in dysglycemic patients with CCS and normal LVSF, suggesting that NT-proBNP may help with risk stratification in this population.

2.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; 28(3): 272-279, 2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33891693

RESUMO

AIMS: Familial hypercholesterolemia patients are characterized by early onset of coronary artery calcification and atherosclerosis, and high incidence of cardiovascular events. Plasma proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 was reported to be a predictor for cardiovascular risk in the general population. However, its prognostic value for predicting recurrent cardiovascular events in familial hypercholesterolemia patients remains undetermined. METHODS: A total of 249 patients with molecularly and/or clinically (Dutch Lipid Clinic Network score > 6) defined familial hypercholesterolemia who had experienced a first cardiovascular event were consecutively included and plasma proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Coronary artery calcification was measured using Agatston method and coronary severity was assessed by Gensini score, respectively. All patients received standard lipid-lowering therapy and were followed-up for recurrent cardiovascular events. Univariate and multivariate regression and Cox analyses was used to calculate hazard ratios with 95% confidence interval. RESULTS: Circulating proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 concentrations were positively associated with coronary artery calcification scores and Gensini score by both univariate and multivariate analyses. During a mean follow-up of 43 ± 19 months, 29 (11.51%) recurrent cardiovascular events occurred. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that patients with the highest proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 levels had the lowest event-free survival time. Multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed that proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 was independently associated with recurrent cardiovascular events (hazard ratio: 1.45, 95% confidence interval: 1.11-1.88). The combination of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 to Cox prediction model led to an enhanced predictive value for recurrent cardiovascular events. CONCLUSIONS: Increased level of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 was a significant risk factor of atherosclerosis and independently predicted future recurrent cardiovascular events in familial hypercholesterolemia patients receiving standard lipid-lowering treatment.

3.
Clin Exp Med ; 2021 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33839960

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute systemic vasculitis and suspected to be triggered by several potential infections in which procalcitonin (PCT) experiences an increase to some extent. However, whether PCT can serve as a useful candidate for differentiating KD from sepsis, and even for predicting incomplete KD, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) nonresponsiveness and coronary artery abnormalities (CAAs) remains unclear. METHODS: A total of 254 Chinese KD children were enrolled and divided into 6 subgroups, including complete KD, incomplete KD, IVIG-responsive KD, IVIG-nonresponsive KD, KD with CAAs and KD without CAAs. Blood samples were collected from all subjects within 24-h pre- and 48-h post-IVIG infusion, respectively. PCT, C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and blood cell counts were detected. In addition, both 261 children with sepsis and 251 healthy children sex- and age-matched with KD children were enrolled in the same period. RESULTS: (1) PCT experienced the highest increase in sepsis patients before antibiotic therapy, followed by acute KD patients and the healthy controls. (2) The proportion of KD patients with a PCT concentration below 0.25 ng/ml was 11 folds higher than that of sepsis patients. (3) PCT had a sensitivity of 91.7% and a specificity of 30.3% at a cutoff value of > 0.15 ng/ml to predict IVIG nonresponsiveness, and the proportion of IVIG-nonresponders with a PCT concentration of 0.25-0.50 ng/ml was 2 folds higher than that of IVIG-responders. CONCLUSIONS: The PCT concentrations below 0.25 ng/ml may be useful for discriminating KD from sepsis, and moreover, the PCT concentrations of 0.25-0.50 ng/ml may be helpful in predicting IVIG nonresponsiveness.

4.
Hepatol Int ; 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33740211

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although non-invasive liver fibrosis scores (LFSs) have already been considered as effective tools for estimating cardiovascular risk, their roles in predicting disease severity and cardiovascular event (CVEs) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) are not comprehensively evaluated. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether non-alcoholic fatty liver disease fibrosis score (NAFLD-FS) and fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) are associated with CVEs in a large cohort with long-term follow-up. METHODS: A cohort of 5143 patients with angiography-proven stable CAD were consecutively enrolled and followed up for CVEs. The degree of coronary severity was assessed using the number of diseased vessels, Gensini, Syntax, and Jeopardy scores. The predictive values of NAFLD-FS and FIB-4 scores to coronary severity, coronary calcification (CAC), and CVEs were assessed, respectively. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 7 years, 435 CVEs were recorded. Both NAFLD-FS and FIB-4 were predictors for the presence of CAC. The degree of coronary stenosis was significantly higher in high NAFLD-FS categories while FIB-4 was only positively associated with the number of diseased vessels and Gensini score. In Kaplan-Meier analysis, the patients with intermediate and high NAFLD-FS and FIB-4 had higher risk of CVEs and cardiovascular mortality. In multivariate Cox regression analysis, NAFLD-FS and FIB-4 were independently associated with CVEs [hazard ratio (95% confidence interval): 1.150 (1.063-1.244), p < 0.001 and 1.128 (1.026-1.240), p = 0.012]. CONCLUSION: The current data first indicated that both NAFLD-FS and FIB-4 scores were not only significantly related to coronary severity but also associated with CAC and CVEs. CLINICAL TRIALS REGISTRATION: None.

5.
Adv Med Sci ; 66(1): 206-214, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33735829

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Several studies have demonstrated that C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) stimulates osteoblastic proliferation seemly via antagonizing the expression of fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-23 in vitro. The main aim of the present study is to probe whether the post-receptor pathways of FGF-23 participate in osteogenesis caused by CNP. METHODS: Osteoblasts were cultured in the absence or presence of CNP: 0, 10, and 100 â€‹pmol/L, for 24 â€‹h, 48 â€‹h and 72 â€‹h, respectively. RESULTS: The findings of the present study indicated that osteoblastic proliferation was directly promoted by exogenous CNP in a dose-dependent manner; osteoblastic FGF-23 was significantly down-regulated by CNP at 24 â€‹h post-treatment; RAF-1, extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK), and P38 were substantially suppressed by CNP in a dose- and time-dependent manner; and signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)-1 was not changed on the premise of the down-regulated FGF-23 in osteoblasts treated with CNP. CONCLUSION: CNP may promote osteogenesis via inhibiting ERK and P38, rather than STAT-1, in the downstream of FGF-23/RAF-1 pathway.

6.
Liver Int ; 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33389804

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Liver fibrosis score (LFS) has been used for predicting the cardiovascular outcomes (CVOs) in diverse populations. However, the association of LFS with CVOs in patients with previous myocardial infarction (MI) remains undetermined. We aimed to examine the prognostic value of LFS in patients with prior MI in a prospective cohort. METHODS: A total of 3718 patients with previous MI were consecutively enrolled from March 2009 to January 2019. Five LFSs including the fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) score, non-alcohol fatty liver disease fibrosis score (NFS), Forns score, HUI score and BARD score were used. The CVOs covered major adverse cardiac event (MACEs), cardiovascular mortality and all-cause mortality. Cox proportional hazards model was used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 47.4 ± 24.8 months, 431 (11.6%) MACEs occurred. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that higher LFSs resulted in a significantly higher probability of CVOs. Compared to the lowest score group, multivariable-adjusted HRs (95% CIs) of the highest group of FIB-4, NFS, Forns score, HUI score and BARD score were 1.75 (1.32-2.33), 2.37 (1.70-3.33), 2.44 (1.61-3.73), 1.58 (1.16-2.14) and 1.27 (1.03-1.57) respectively. These LFSs were also independent predictors of cardiovascular mortality and all-cause mortality. Similar results were observed across subgroups analysis. The addition of LFSs to a prediction model significantly increased the C-statistic for CVOs. CONCLUSIONS: The present study firstly demonstrated that LFS could be used as a risk stratification tool for predicting CVOs in patients with previous MI, which should be evaluated further.

7.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(3): e018869, 2021 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33506689

RESUMO

Background Previous studies have suggested a strong association of liver fibrosis scores (LFSs) with cardiovascular outcomes in patients with different cardiovascular diseases. Nonetheless, it is basically blank regarding the prognostic significance of LFSs in patients following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). This study sought to examine the potential role of LFSs in predicting long-term outcomes in a large cohort of patients with stable coronary artery disease after elective PCI. Methods and Results In this multicenter, prospective study, we consecutively enrolled 4003 patients with stable coronary artery disease undergoing PCI. Eight currently available noninvasive LFSs were assessed for each subject. All patients were followed up for the occurrence of cardiovascular events including cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and stroke. During an average follow-up of 5.0±1.6 years, 315 (7.87%) major cardiovascular events were recorded. Subjects who developed cardiovascular events were more likely to have intermediate or high LFSs, including nonalcoholic fatty liver disease fibrosis score; fibrosis-4 score; body mass index, aspartate aminotransferase/alanine aminotransferase ratio, diabetes mellitus score (BARD); and aspartate aminotransferase/alanine aminotransferase ratio. Furthermore, compared with subjects with low scores, those with intermediate plus high score levels had significantly increased risk of cardiovascular events (adjusted hazard ratios ranging 1.57-1.92). Moreover, the addition of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease fibrosis score; fibrosis-4 score; or body mass index, aspartate aminotransferase/alanine aminotransferase ratio, diabetes mellitus score into a model with established cardiovascular risk factors significantly improved the prediction ability. Conclusions High LFSs levels might be useful for predicting adverse prognosis in patients with stable coronary artery disease following PCI, suggesting the possibility of the application of LFSs in the risk stratification before elective PCI.

8.
BMJ Open ; 11(1): e037340, 2021 01 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33455923

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the impacts of triglyceride (TG) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) dyslipidaemia on prognosis in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with different glucose metabolism status. DESIGN: An observational cohort study. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3057 patients with stable CAD were consecutively enrolled and divided into three groups according to different glucose metabolism status. Atherogenic dyslipidaemia (AD) was defined as TG ≥1.7 mmol/L and HDL-C <1.0 mmol/L for men or <1.3 mmol/L for women. The patients were further classified into six subgroups by status of AD. All subjects were followed up for the cardiovascular events (CVEs). PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary endpoints were cardiovascular mortality, non-fatal myocardial infarction and non-fatal stroke. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 6.1 years, 308 (10.1%) CVEs occurred. No significant difference in the occurrence of CVEs was observed between normal glucose regulation (NGR) and pre-diabetes (pre-DM) groups (HR: 1.25, 95% CI 0.89 to 1.76) while DM group presented 1.45-fold higher risk of CVEs (HR: 1.45, 95% CI 1.02 to 2.05). When the participants were categorised according to combined status of two parameters, the cardiovascular risk was significantly elevated in pre-DM or DM plus AD group compared with the NGR plus non-AD group (HR: 1.76, 95% CI 1.10 to 2.80 and HR: 1.87, 95% CI 1.17 to 2.98). CONCLUSIONS: The present study suggested that the presence of AD might affect the prognosis in patients with DM or pre-DM and stable CAD.

9.
Coron Artery Dis ; 32(1): 78-83, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32804783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] has been emerged as a risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD), but there is currently insufficient data on the relationship between Lp(a) and premature CAD (PCAD). Thus, this study aimed to examine the association between Lp(a) and PCAD in a Chinese cohort. METHODS: Data on 2433 individuals (male <55 years old and female <65 years old) who underwent coronary angiography from March 2016 to February 2019 were included in this study and were divided into the PCAD group (n = 1751) and non-CAD group (n = 682) according to the angiography results. Their clinical and laboratory parameters were collected, and plasma Lp(a) level was measured by immunoturbidimetry. The severity of CAD was evaluated using Gensini score (GS) and divided into three subgroups. The relationship between plasma Lp(a) levels and the presence and severity of PCAD was analyzed. RESULTS: The level of plasma Lp(a) in the PCAD group was significantly higher than that in the non-CAD group (P < 0.001). The plasma Lp(a) concentration in the highest GS group was significantly higher than that in the lowest GS group (P < 0.001). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that elevated plasma Lp(a) levels were correlated with higher GS (b = 0.41, P < 0.001). Multivariate logistic regression showed that elevated plasma Lp(a) levels were independently associated with PCAD (odds ratio = 2.91, P < 0.001). Moreover, elevated plasma Lp(a) levels correlated with higher GS (b = 0.41, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: In this study, Lp(a) concentration was associated with the presence and severity of PCAD, suggesting that Lp(a) may be a marker or target for patients with PCAD.

10.
Expert Rev Clin Immunol ; 17(2): 177-185, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33353450

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Methylation pattern of gene modification is essential for the differentiation of T regulatory cells (Tregs) and 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine is a common inhibitor of methylation. This study aimed to investigate the potential effects of Treg polarizing conditions and 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine treatment in the differentiation of naïve T cells during chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. METHODS: The frequency of Tregs in peripheral blood was determined by flow cytometry from patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) (n = 51), liver cirrhosis (LC) (n = 47), hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (n = 40) and healthy controls (HCs) (n = 17). Gene expression were detected by qRT-PCR and DNA methyltransferases (DNMT) Activity was also determined. RESULTS: The frequency of Tregs and Foxp3 expression in peripheral blood from 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine-treated groups were higher than that with acetic acid treatment as a control. Foxp3 mRNA and the frequency of Tregs derived from naïve CD4+T cells from peripheral blood of patients with HCC or LC were more pronounced compared with HCs. 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine may have induced a more pronounced upward trend of PD-1 expression in HBV patients. CONCLUSIONS: 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine mediated demethylation has potential effects on enhancing the differentiation of naïve T cells to Tregs in chronic HBV infection.

11.
Thromb Haemost ; 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33339063

RESUMO

Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] has been documented to be associated with atherothrombotic diseases. However, the prognostic impact of Lp(a) on long-term clinical outcomes among patients with previous myocardial infarction (MI) remains unclear. In this prospective cohort study, we consecutively enrolled 3,864 post-MI patients to assess the cardiovascular events (CVEs), including MI, ischemic stroke, and cardiac mortality. Lp(a) levels were determined using an immunoturbidimetry assay and the participants were categorized according to Lp(a) quartiles. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). During a median follow-up of 4.1 years, 331 (8.6%) CVEs were identified. Lp(a) was significantly higher in patients with CVEs (25.17 [11.13-47.83] vs. 18.18 [7.90-40.30] mg/dL, p = 0.001). The cumulative rates of CVEs and cardiac mortality were significantly higher in patients with high Lp(a) levels (both log-rank p < 0.001). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed a significant correlation between Lp (a) levels treated as a natural logarithm-transformed continuous variable and increased CVEs (adjusted HR:1.22, 95% CI:1.09-1.35, p = 0.001) or cardiac mortality (HR:1.30, 95% CI:1.14-1.48, p < 0.001). The addition of Lp(a) to a prognostic model revealed a significant improvement in C-statistic, net reclassification, and integrated discrimination. In conclusion, elevated levels of Lp(a) were indeed associated with long-term worse outcomes in patients with prior MI, suggesting a novel hint that the measurement of Lp(a) might help in risk stratification and future management in those high-risk individuals.

12.
J Hypertens ; 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33186323

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have demonstrated that small dense LDL-cholesterol (sdLDL-C) is related to the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, its prognostic role in hypertensive patients with CAD has been undetermined. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between sdLDL-C with disease severity, hypertensive status and clinical outcome in patients with CAD. METHODS: A total of 4594 patients with angiography-proven CAD were consecutively enrolled and categorized into subgroups according to blood pressure status. Serum sdLDL-C levels were measured by direct quantitative measurement using automated chemistry analyzers. The severity of coronary artery lesions were determined by Gensini score, Syntax score and the number of lesion vessels. The associations of sdLDL-C with disease severity, hypertensive status and cardiovascular events (CVEs) were evaluated. RESULTS: Patients with hypertension had higher sdLDL-C levels than ones without (P = 0.010). In hypertensive patients, sdLDL-C was positively associated with the severity of CAD (P < 0.05). In addition, hypertensive patients with poorly controlled hypertension had higher sdLDL-C levels than those with well controlled (P < 0.05). Moreover, 149 CVEs occurred in patients with poorly controlled hypertension and Cox regression analysis indicated that elevated sdLDL-C levels were independently associated with CVEs in hypertensive patients with poorly controlled hypertension (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.673, 95% confidence interval: 1.105-2.535, P = 0.015). CONCLUSION: The current data, for the first time, showed that serum sdLDL-C levels were correlated with hypertension control, disease severity and worse outcomes in hypertensive patients with CAD, suggesting that paying more attention on sdLDL-C in these patients were warranted.

13.
J Transl Med ; 18(1): 373, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004038

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elevated lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] and fibrinogen (Fib) are both associated with coronary artery disease (CAD). The atherogenicity of Lp(a) can be partly due to the potentially antifibrinolytic categories. We hypothesize that patients with higher Lp(a) and Fib may have worse outcomes. METHODS: In this prospective study, we consecutively enrolled 8,417 Chinese patients with stable CAD from March 2011 to March 2017. All subjects were divided into 9 groups according to Lp(a) (Lp(a)-Low, Lp(a)-Medium, Lp(a)-High) and Fib levels (Fib-Low, Fib-Medium, Fib-High) and followed up for CVEs, including nonfatal acute myocardial infarction, stroke, and cardiovascular mortality. Kaplan-Meier, Cox regression and C-statistic analyses were performed. RESULTS: During a median of 37.1 months' follow-up, 395 (4.7%) CVEs occurred. The occurrence of CVEs increased by Lp(a) (3.5 vs. 5.3 vs. 5.6%, p = 0.001) and Fib (4.0 vs. 4.4 vs. 6.1%, p < 0.001) categories. When further classified into 9 groups by Lp(a) and Fib levels, the CVEs were highest in the 9th (Lp(a)-High and Fib-High) compared with the 1st (Lp(a)-Low and Fib-Low) group (7.2 vs. 3.3%, p < 0.001). The highest risk of subsequent CVEs was found in the 9th group (HRadjusted 2.656, 95% CI 1.628-4.333, p < 0.001), which was more significant than Lp(a)-High (HRadjusted 1.786, 95% CI 1.315-2.426, p < 0.001) or Fib-High (HRadjusted 1.558, 95% CI 1.162-2.089, p = 0.003) group. Moreover, adding the combined Lp(a) and Fib increased the C-statistic by 0.013. CONCLUSION: Combining Fib and Lp(a) enhance the prognostic value for incident CVEs beyond Lp(a) or Fib alone.

14.
Eur J Clin Invest ; : e13409, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32916764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accurate classification of coronary artery abnormalities (CAAs) is essential for clinical decision-making and long-term management in Kawasaki disease (KD) patients. To date, there are several echocardiographic criteria of CAA assessment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Japanese Ministry of Health (JMH) criteria and the Z-score criteria from 2004 American Heart Association guidelines were adopted and their detective efficacies for CAAs were compared in 251 Chinese patients with KD Z scores were calculated by 6 published methods. RESULTS: According to the JMH criteria, 19 (7.57%) KD patients were classified as CAAs during the acute KD episode. However, the detective number of CAAs was highest and had a 0.68-fold increase by the Dallaire et al method with a Z-score cut point of ≥2.5 as compared with the JMH criteria; in contrast, more than 78.95% of patients with CAAs identified by the JMH criteria had a coronary artery Z score ≥2.5. All 6 different Z-score methods had satisfactory accuracies with a range from 93.23% to 97.61% in screening CAAs. For the 19 patients with CAAs identified by the JMH criteria, their Z scores presented the widest variation calculated by the McCrindle et al method. CONCLUSIONS: The JMH criteria underestimate the prevalence of CAAs as compared with the Z-score criteria. Quantitative assessment of coronary artery luminal dimensions, normalized as Z scores adjusted for body surface, should be recommended. The larger coronary artery luminal dimensions vary, the more heterogeneous Z scores calculated by different methods have.

15.
Atherosclerosis ; 312: 54-59, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32977121

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Compared with what is known about the prognostic value of lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] in middle-aged patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), less is understood concerning the role of Lp(a) in oldest-old (≥80 years old) with ASCVD. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between Lp(a) and cardiovascular death (CD) among the oldest-old with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: A total of 1008 patients with AMI, older than 80 years, were consecutively enrolled between January 2012 and August 2018. The clinical characteristics were collected and Lp(a) concentrations were measured by the immunoturbidimetric method at baseline. The relationship between plasma Lp(a) concentration (≤10 mg/dL, 10-30 mg/dL, >30 mg/dL) and CD was evaluated by Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox proportional hazard models. RESULTS: During an average of 36.26 months of follow-up, 287 CD occurred. Data showed that patients with high Lp(a) levels (>30 mg/dL) had the highest rate of CD (p < 0.05). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the high Lp(a) group had the lowest event-free survival rate in the oldest-old with AMI (p = 0.030). In addition, subjects with Lp(a) > 30 mg/dL had a 1.5-fold (95% confidence interval: 1.083-2.132) higher risk of CD compared with those with Lp(a) ≤10 mg/dL in fully adjusted Cox proportional hazards model. CONCLUSIONS: The current data firstly showed that plasma Lp(a) concentration was associated with the risk of CD in oldest-old with AMI, suggesting that Lp(a) could be a useful adjunctive measurement in the evaluation of CD in this population.

16.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 19(1): 152, 2020 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32981521

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent guidelines highlighted the association between atherosclerosis and triglyceride-enriched lipoproteins in patients with impaired glucose metabolism. However, evidence from prospective studies for long-term prognostic utility of low-density lipoprotein triglyceride (LDL-TG) in real-world patients with prediabetes (Pre-DM) or diabetes mellitus (DM) and coronary artery disease (CAD) is currently not available. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of LDL-TG on major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in patients with stable CAD under different glucose metabolism status. METHODS: A total of 4381 patients with CAD were consecutively enrolled and plasma LDL-TG level was measured by an automated homogeneous assay. They were categorized according to both status of glucose metabolism [DM, Pre-DM, normal glycaemia regulation (NGR)] and tertiles of LDL-TG. All subjects were followed up for the occurrence of MACEs. RESULTS: During a median of 5.1 (interquartile range 3.9 to 5.9) years' follow-up, 507 (11.6%) MACEs occurred. Cubic spline models showed a significant association between LDL-TG and MACEs in DM and Pre-DM but not in NGR. When the combined effect of elevated LDL-TG and glucose disorders was considered for risk stratification, the medium tertile of LDL-TG plus DM, and the highest tertile of LDL-TG plus Pre-DM or plus DM subgroups were associated with significantly higher risk of MACEs after adjustment of confounders including triglyceride [hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals): 1.843 (1.149-2.955), 1.828 (1.165-2.867), 2.212 (1.396-3.507), all p < 0.05]. Moreover, adding LDL-TG into the original model increased the C-statistic from 0.687 to 0.704 (∆C-statistic = 0.016, p = 0.028) and from 0.734 to 0.749 (∆C-statistic = 0.014, p = 0.002) in Pre-DM and DM, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In this longitudinal cohort study on real-world practice, higher LDL-TG was associated with worse outcomes among Pre-DM and DM patients with stable CAD.

17.
Int J Med Mushrooms ; 22(7): 705-717, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865927

RESUMO

Ganoderma tsugae strain MCCCMAS0053 cultivation on short logs results in varied yield and quality under different growth conditions. Thus, growth conditions need optimization to increase yield and quality. An indoor experiment with three shade treatments (A1, two layers of black sun-shade net; A2, one layer of black sun-shade net plus plastic mulch; A3, one layer of black sun-shade net) and a field experiment in two forest types (pine or mixed pine-oak) were conducted. The results showed that shading and forest type significantly affected light intensities and the growth, size, biomass, and bioactive components of G. tsugae fruiting bodies. In the indoor experiment, the mean dry weight of the fruiting body and the diameter of the pileus in A2 increased by 21.51-44.98% and 13.42-22.26%, respectively, compared with those of A1 and A3. Similarly, the accumulation of the bioactive compounds (polysaccharides, total amino acids, and total essential amino acids) in the pileus and stipe were greater in A2 than in A1 and A3. Furthermore, compared with pure pine forest cultivation, fruiting bodies cultivated in mixed pine-oak forest had greater dry weight, pileus diameter, and more bioactive compounds. In addition, no significant difference was found between the A2 and mixed pine-oak treatments, which had a similar light intensity (from 1116 to 2367 lx). Hence, this suggests that the A2 shade treatment or cultivation in mixed pine-oak forest is beneficial for production of G. tsugae fruiting bodies, and light intensity may play a critical role in this process.

18.
Expert Opin Drug Metab Toxicol ; 16(9): 837-851, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32729743

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Statins have been established as the standard of care for dyslipidemia and preventing cardiovascular diseases while posing few safety concerns. However, misconceptions about statin intolerance lead to their underuse, indicating a need to improve the understanding of the safety of this treatment. AREAS COVERED: We searched PubMed and reviewed literatures related to statin intolerance published between February 2015 and February 2020. Important large-scale or landmark studies published before 2015 were also cited as key evidence. EXPERT OPINION: Optimal lowering of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol with statins substantially reduces the risk of cardiovascular events. Muscle adverse events (AEs) were the most frequently reported AEs by statin users in clinical practice, but they usually occurred at a similar rate with statins and placebo in randomized controlled trials and had a spurious causal relationship with statin treatment. We proposed a rigorous definition for identifying true statin intolerance and present the criteria for defining different forms of muscle AEs and an algorithm for their management. True statin intolerance is uncommon, and every effort should be made to exclude false statin intolerance and ensure optimal use of statins. For the management of statin intolerance, statin-based approaches should be prioritized over non-statin approaches.

19.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 19(1): 104, 2020 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32631321

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The atherogenicity of remnant cholesterol (RC) has been underlined by recent guidelines, which was linked to coronary artery disease (CAD), especially for patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). This study aimed to examine the prognostic value of plasma RC in the patients with CAD under different glucose metabolism status. METHODS: Fasting plasma RC were directly calculated or measured in 4331 patients with CAD. Patients were followed for the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) and categorized according to both glucose metabolism status [DM, pre-DM, normoglycemia (NG)] and RC levels. Cox proportional hazards model was used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 5.1 years, 541 (12.5%) MACEs occurred. The risk for MACEs was significantly higher in patients with elevated RC levels after adjustment for potential confounders. No significant difference in MACEs was observed between pre-DM and NG groups (p > 0.05). When stratified by combined status of glucose metabolism and RC, highest levels of calculated and measured RC were significant and independent predictors of developing MACEs in pre-DM (HR: 1.64 and 1.98; both p < 0.05) and DM (HR: 1.62 and 2.05; both p < 0.05). High RC levels were also positively associated with MACEs in patients with uncontrolled DM. . CONCLUSIONS: In this large-scale and long-term follow-up cohort study, data firstly demonstrated that higher RC levels were significantly associated with the worse prognosis in DM and pre-DM patients with CAD, suggesting that RC may be a target for patients with impaired glucose metabolism.


Assuntos
Glicemia/metabolismo , Colesterol/sangue , Remanescentes de Quilomícrons/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Estado Pré-Diabético/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , China/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estado Pré-Diabético/diagnóstico , Estado Pré-Diabético/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
20.
J Lipid Res ; 61(9): 1254-1262, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32641433

RESUMO

TG-rich lipoprotein (TRL)-related biomarkers, including TRL-cholesterol (TRL-C), remnant-like lipoprotein particle-cholesterol (RLP-C), and apoC-III have been associated with atherosclerosis. However, their prognostic values have not been fully determined, especially in patients with previous CAD. This study aimed to examine the associations of TRL-C, RLP-C, and apoC-III with incident cardiovascular events (CVEs) in the setting of secondary prevention of CAD. Plasma TRL-C, RLP-C, and total apoC-III were directly measured. A total of 4,355 participants with angiographically confirmed CAD were followed up for the occurrence of CVEs. During a median follow-up period of 5.1 years (interquartile range: 3.9-6.4 years), 543 (12.5%) events occurred. Patients with incident CVEs had significantly higher levels of TRL-C, RLP-C, and apoC-III than those without events. Multivariable Cox analysis indicated that a log unit increase in TRL-C, RLP-C, and apoC-III increased the risk of CVEs by 49% (95% CI: 1.16-1.93), 21% (95% CI: 1.09-1.35), and 40% (95% CI: 1.11-1.77), respectively. High TRL-C, RLP-C, and apoC-III were also independent predictors of CVEs in individuals with LDL-C levels ≤1.8 mmol/l (n = 1,068). The addition of RLP-C level to a prediction model resulted in a significant increase in discrimination, and all three TRL biomarkers improved risk reclassification. Thus, TRL-C, RLP-C, and apoC-III levels were independently associated with incident CVEs in Chinese CAD patients undergoing statin therapy.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...