Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 514
Filtrar
1.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 41(1): 2, 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34980210

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA) chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR-T) cell therapy has obtained promising results in relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (R/R MM), while some patients do not response, or relapse in short term after treatment. Combining with anti-CD38 might solve the problem of targeting BCMA alone. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of BCMA and CD38 (BCMA-CD38) bispecific CAR-T cells in R/R MM patients. METHODS: We did a single-center, single-arm clinical study at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Yangtze University in China. Patients meeting with the inclusion criteria were administered with fludarabine and cyclophosphamide before CAR-T cells infusion. Response and adverse events were assessed after infusion. This study was registered with the Chinese Clinical Trial Registration Center (ChiCTR1900026286). RESULTS: First, we found BCMA-CD38 CAR-T cells exhibited enhanced killing effect on BCMA+CD38+ cells in vitro, compared to BCMA CAR-T and CD38 CAR-T cells. We further demonstrated its anti-tumor activity in vivo. Then, we enrolled 16 R/R MM patients for safety and efficacy analyses. Of the 16 evaluable patients, 14 (87.5%) respond to the treatment, including 13 stringent complete response (sCR) and one partial response (PR), while two patients did not respond. At a median follow-up of 11.5 months, of the 13 patients who achieved sCR, 76.9% (10/13) did not relapse or progress during follow-up. Relapse occurred in 3 patients (Patient 2, 3 and 4) after achieving sCR. In sum, four patients died, of which one died of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis syndrome secondary to severe cytokine release syndrome (CRS) and three died of disease progression or relapse. The 1-year progression-free survival rates was 68.8%. The 1-year overall survival rate was 75.0%. Extramedullary lesions were eliminated in 62.5% (5/8) patients. The most common symptoms after CAR-T infusion were cytopenia (16, 100%), fever (10, 62.5%), fatigue (8, 50.0%) and myalgias (8, 50.0%). Twelve patients (75.0%) were observed with various grades of CRS, of which five patients (31.3%) got serious CRS (Grade ≥ 3). The CAR+ cell expansion levels were associated with the severity of CRS. Transient clonal isotype switch was observed after CAR-T infusion. CONCLUSION: Our results confirm that BCMA-CD38 CAR-T cells therapy is feasible in treating R/R MM patients, with high response rate, low recurrence rate and manageable CRS, which will be a promising treatment option for R/R MM. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR1900026286, registered on September 29, 2019, retrospectively registered, URL: https://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=43805.

2.
Bioresour Technol ; 344(Pt B): 126270, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740796

RESUMO

The effect of organic bulking agents on CO2, NH3, N2O and CH4 emission and related genes was evaluated in 40 days sludge composting with wood chip, wheat straw and rice husk, respectively. The results showed wood chip had the highest C/N of 111.3, total porosity of 93.13% and aeration porosity of 78.98% among three bulking agents. Wheat straw had the highest water-holding porosity of 25.62%, which could be critical factor increasing CH4 production and reducing NH3 emission. Moreover, there was no significant difference in N2O emission rates in three composting systems with three bulking agents. RDA analysis showed a negative correlation between mcrA and NH + 4-N. Nitrate content in raw feedstock was dominant factor limiting N2O yield due to low amoA. The continuous increase of oxidation-reduction potential was significantly positive correlated with pmoA and negative correlation with nirK and norB, which reduced N2O and CH4 production in the curing period.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Gases de Efeito Estufa , Amônia/análise , Gases de Efeito Estufa/análise , Metano/análise , Óxido Nitroso/análise , Esgotos , Solo
3.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126536, 2022 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34332484

RESUMO

To realize the thermal detoxification of municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) fly ash in a relatively mild environment, molten salts thermal treatment technology was proposed in our previous research, which showed good effects. To investigate the properties of molten salts (NaCl-CaCl2) during cycling reusing, the change of the main components and the physical properties of the used molten salts were estimated. Results showed that the salts in fly ash would dissolve into molten salts. During this process, the concentration of K+, SO42- kept increasing while Cl- was decreased. The changing trend of Na+ and Ca2+ was dependent on the ratio of Ca/Na in raw fly ash. Ca(OH)2 in fly ash would react with CaCl2 to form CaClOH. Moreover, the introduction of the salt components on the thermal properties of molten salts were also studied. The melting point hardly changed by NaCl, CaSO4, and SiO2. Nevertheless, it was lowered to 431 °C with 15% CaCO3 addition, while increased to 523 °C with 20% KCl. Besides, there were no significant influences on the viscosity, stability, and thermal diffusivity of molten salts. KCl had the greatest influence on the specific heat capacity of molten salt, with an increase of about 20%.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Eliminação de Resíduos , Carbono , Cloretos , Cinza de Carvão , Incineração , Metais Pesados/análise , Material Particulado , Sais , Dióxido de Silício , Resíduos Sólidos/análise
4.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 3): 131830, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388432

RESUMO

Fluopyram, a succinate dehydrogenase inhibitor fungicide and nematicide, has been used extensively for agricultural pest control and toxicologically affects non-target organisms. In the present study, Caenorhabditis elegans, a well-established model organism, was used to evaluate the toxic effect of fluopyram and the possible molecular mechanisms. C. elegans was exposed to fluopyram for 24 h at three sublethal concentrations (0.01, 0.05 and 0.25 mg/L) and the physiological, biochemical, and molecular indicators were examined. The results showed that sublethal exposure to fluopyram could cause damage to growth, locomotion behavior, feeding, lifespan and reproduction of the nematodes. Fluopyram exposure induced oxidative stress as indicated by increase of ROS production, lipofuscin and lipid accumulation, and MDA level in the nematodes. In contrast, exposure to fluopyram significantly decreased the activities of target enzyme SDH and antioxidant enzymes including SOD, CAT and GST. Moreover, the expression of genes associated with oxidative stress (e.g., gst-4, sod-3, fat-7, mev-1 and daf-16), intestinal damage (e.g., mtm-6, nhx-2, opt-2, pkc-3, par-6, act-5 and egl-8), and cell apoptosis (e.g., ced-13, ced-3, egl-38, efl-2, cep-1 and lgg-1) was significantly influenced after exposure to fluopyram. According to Pearson correlation analyses, significant correlation existed between 190 pairs of parameters, which indicated that fluopyram induced multiple toxic related effects in C. elegans. These findings suggest that oxidative stress, intestinal damage, and cell apoptosis may play major roles in toxicity of fluopyram in the nematodes.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans , Caenorhabditis elegans , Animais , Apoptose , Benzamidas , Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Piridinas , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
5.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 2): 132127, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488056

RESUMO

Gaseous selenium is of high saturated vapor pressure, making its retention in solid phases quite difficult during coal combustion. The selenium transformation from gaseous form into solid phases at low temperatures can be essential to control selenium emission. To understand the migration of SeO2 (g) on ash particles in the low-temperature zone, this study investigated the speciation of selenium in fly ash and simulated the physical retention of SeO2 (g) on fly ash. The results demonstrated that there was a large proportion of physically-bound Se in the fly ash of pulverized-coal-fired boiler (22.62 %-58.03%), while the content of physically-bound Se in fly ash of circulated fluidized-bed boiler was lower (∼6%). The physically-bound Se was formed through selenium condensation and physical adsorption. The decrease of temperature or the increase of cooling rate could promote the transformation of gaseous selenium to solid phase and the presence of HCl might suppress SeO2 transformation into Se in the condensation process. Meanwhile the compositions of fly ash had a great influence on the selenium adsorption process. Among typical coal-fired ash components, mullite showed the best performance in the selenium capture in the temperature range of 90-200 °C, contributing to the high content of physically-adsorbed selenium in PC fly ash. These findings provided new ideas for improving the removal rate of volatile selenium.


Assuntos
Cinza de Carvão , Selênio , Adsorção , Carvão Mineral/análise , Gases , Centrais Elétricas , Temperatura
6.
J Immunother Cancer ; 9(12)2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34853180

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells have been successfully used in tumor immunotherapy due to their strong antitumor responses, especially in hematological malignancies such as B cell acute lymphoid leukemia. However, on-target off-tumor toxicity and poor persistence severely limit the clinical application of CAR-T cell therapy. METHODS: T-cell immunoglobulin mucin domain molecule 3 (TIM-3) was used to develop a second-generation 41BB CD19 CAR linked with a T3/28 chimera, in which truncated extracellular TIM-3 was fused with the CD28 transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains. The efficacy of T3/28 CAR-T cells was evaluated in vitro and in vivo. RESULTS: We demonstrated that the switch receptor T3/28 preserved the TCM phenotype, improved proliferative capacity, and reduced exhaustion of CAR-T cells, resulting in superior in vitro and in vivo antitumor activity in B lymphoma. Importantly, the switch receptor T3/28 substantially prolonged the persistence of CAR-T cells, and the interleukin-21/Stat3 axis probably contributed to the enhanced cytotoxicity of T3/28 CAR-T cells. CONCLUSION: Overall, the T3/28 chimera significantly prolonged the persistence of CAR-T cells, and T3/28 CAR-T cells possessed potent antitumor activity in mice, shedding new light on potential improvements in adoptive T cell therapies.

7.
Transl Oncol ; 15(1): 101281, 2021 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34875482

RESUMO

According to the 2020 data released by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, breast cancer has surpassed lung cancer as the world's most newly diagnosed first-time cancer. Compared with patients with other types of cancer, those with breast cancer experience greater mental stress and more severe psychological impacts because of the life-threatening diagnosis, physical changes, treatment side effects, and family and social life dysfunctions. These usually manifest as anxiety, depression, nervousness, and insomnia, all of which elicit stress responses. Particularly under chronic stress, the continuous release of neurotransmitters from the neuroendocrine system can have a highly profound impact on the occurrence and prognosis of breast cancer. However, because of the complex mechanisms underlying chronic stress and the variability in individual tolerance, evidence of the role of chronic stress in the occurrence and evolution of breast cancer remains unclear. This article reviewed previous research on the correlation between chronic stress and the occurrence and development of breast cancer, particularly the molecular mechanism through which chronic stress promotes breast cancer via neurotransmitters secreted by the nervous system. We also review the progress in the development of potential drugs or blockers for the treatment of breast cancer by targeting the neuroendocrine system.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34881475

RESUMO

Accurate quantification of disease-signature microRNAs (miRNAs) in biomedical samples is in high demand for clinical diagnosis but still challenging because of low miRNAs abundance and complicating interferences in the milieus. Here, we report a multi-amplification strategy for blood miRNAs analysis based on paper-spray mass spectrometry (PS MS). A toehold-mediated DNA-strand-displacement reaction (TSD) is employed to amplify the signal chain and to ensure the specificity. The signal chain is then cleaved by UV to release signal molecules for detection. Moreover, paper spray can efficiently filter out the interfering substances in blood and further enhances the detecting sensitivity. This concept is successfully demonstrated in the prototype detection of a cancer biomarker miRNA-141 in blood and serum. The proposed TSD-PS MS approach provides an efficient way for sensitive detection of oligonucleotides with low concentration in complicating milieus.

9.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 9: 766380, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34900962

RESUMO

Although the therapeutic strategy showed significant improvement, the therapeutic effect was poor on metastases in tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) which is the most malignant tumor found in the head and neck. Chrysin, similar to the flavonoids, plays an antitumor role by regulating the expression of ncRNAs in many kinds of cancers. Compared to flavonoids, gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) provide a novel insight into inhibiting cancer cell growth via photothermal therapy (PPT) which is irradiated by near-infrared radiation (NIR). However, most flavonoids and AuNPs lack specificity of tumor in vivo. The extracellular vesicles (EVs) which were abundant with ncRNAs are isolated from the cellular supernatant fluid and have the ability to carry drugs or nanoparticles to improve specificity. In the present study, we aimed to synthesize a new nanomaterial based on EVs containing chrysin and analyzed cell apoptosis in TSCC cells. Our results demonstrated that EVs-chrysin were isolated from SCC9 cells that were treated with chrysin. To improve the therapeutic effect, AuNPs were carried by EVs-chrysin (Au-EVs). Compared to BGC823 and HCC-LM3 cells, the uptake of Au-EVs was specific in SCC9 cells. Moreover, Au-EVs combined with NIR enhanced cell apoptosis in TSCC cells. To confirm the role of miRNAs in cell apoptosis, the differentially expressed miRNAs between EVs-Con and EVs-chrysin were screened by RNA-seq. The results revealed that the let-7a-3p family, which acts as the tumor suppressor, was upregulated in EVs-chrysin compared to EVs-Con. Thus, let-7a-3p was screened in the apoptosis pathway that was associated with the p53 protein. Furthermore, compared to the Con group, Au-EVs combined with the NIR group effectively inhibited tumor growth in vivo via increasing the expression of let-7a-3p. Together, as a new nanomaterial, Au-EVs induced cell apoptosis and inhibited tumor growth by regulating let-7a-3p expression in TSCC.

10.
Food Funct ; 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34846398

RESUMO

The stimulation of fat thermogenesis and modulation of the gut microbiota are promising therapeutic strategies against obesity. Zeaxanthin (ZEA), a carotenoid plant pigment, has been shown to prevent various diseases; however, the therapeutic mechanism for obesity remains unclear. Herein, whether ZEA improves obesity by activating the ß3-adrenergic receptor (ß3-AR) to stimulate white adipose tissue (WAT) thermogenesis and modulating the gut microbiota was investigated. C57BL6/N mice were fed a high-fat diet (HFD) supplemented with ZEA for 22 weeks. ZEA treatment reduced body weight, fat weight, adipocyte hypertrophy, liver weight, and lipid deposition, and improved dyslipidaemia, serum GPT, GOT, leptin, and irisin levels, glucose intolerance, and insulin resistance in HFD-fed mice. Mechanistically, ZEA treatment induced the expression of ß3-AR and thermogenic factors, such as PRDM16, PGC-1α, and UCP1, in inguinal WAT (iWAT) and brown adipose tissue. ZEA treatment stimulated iWAT thermogenesis through the synergistic cooperation of key organelles, which manifested as an increased expression of lipid droplet degradation factors (ATGL, CGI-58 and pHSL), mitochondrial biogenesis factors (Sirt1, Nrf2, Tfam, Nampt and Cyt-C), peroxisomal biogenesis factors (Pex16, Pex19 and Pmp70), and ß-oxidation factors (Cpt1, Cpt2, Acadm and Acox1). The thermogenic effect of ZEA was abolished by ß3-AR antagonist (SR59230A) treatment. Additionally, dietary supplementation with ZEA reversed gut microbiota dysbiosis by regulating the abundance of Firmicutes, Clostridia, Proteobacteria, and Desulfovibrio, which were associated with the thermogenesis- and obesity-associated indices by Spearman's correlation analysis. Functional analysis of the gut microbiota indicated that ZEA treatment significantly enriched the lipid metabolism pathways. These results demonstrate that ZEA is a promising multi-target functional food for the treatment of obesity by activating ß3-AR to stimulate iWAT thermogenesis, and modulating the gut microbiota.

11.
Wound Repair Regen ; 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34847261

RESUMO

Caveolin-1 directly interacts vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR2) and therefore prevents VEGF-induced angiogenesis. In addition, the production of nitric oxide (NO), which is effective in reducing ischemia in diabetic foot ulcers (DFU), is suppressed by caveolin-1 in endothelial cells. The present study was designed to investigate the change of caveolin-1 concentrations in DFU patients. A total of 150 participants were consecutively enrolled, including 40 DFU patients (DFU group), 40 diabetes patients without DFU (type 2 diabetes mellitus [T2DM] group), and 70 participants without diabetes (control group). Significant increased levels of plasma caveolin-1, accompanied with decreased concentration of plasma VEGF-A (vascular endothelial growth factor-A) and NO, were detected in DFU patients. Moreover, Pearson's correlation analysis revealed a negative correlation between plasma caveolin-1 and VEGF-A as well as NO levels in DFU patients. Furthermore, DFU patients had higher expression of caveolin-1 in the popliteal artery, compared to those in control and T2DM groups. Simultaneously, the amounts of eNOS (an enzyme responsible for the production of NO) and VEGFR2 were attenuated in the popliteal artery of DFU patients. Taken together, our study provided clinical evidence for the possible association of elevated caveolin-1 levels and the development of DFU. This may be induced by the suppressed VEGF-A/VEGFR2 and eNOS/NO signalling axis.

12.
Cells ; 10(11)2021 11 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34831451

RESUMO

Tight junctions (TJs) play an important role in water, ion, and solute transport through the paracellular pathway of epithelial cells; however, their role in diabetes-induced salivary gland dysfunction remains unknown. Here, we found that the TJ proteins claudin-1 and claudin-3 were significantly increased in the submandibular glands (SMGs) of db/db mice and high glucose (HG)-treated human SMGs. HG decreased paracellular permeability and increased claudin-1 and claudin-3 expression in SMG-C6 cells. Knockdown of claudin-1 or claudin-3 reversed the HG-induced decrease in paracellular permeability. MiR-22-3p was significantly downregulated in diabetic SMGs and HG-treated SMG-C6 cells. A miR-22-3p mimic suppressed claudin-1 and claudin-3 expression and abolished the HG-induced increases in claudin-1 and claudin-3 levels in SMG-C6 cells, whereas a miR-22-3p inhibitor produced the opposite effects. Specificity protein-1 (Sp1) was enhanced in diabetic SMGs and HG-treated SMG-C6 cells, which promoted claudin-1 and claudin-3 transcription through binding to the corresponding promoters. A luciferase reporter assay confirmed that miR-22-3p repressed Sp1 by directly targeting the Sp1 mRNA 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR). Consistently, the miR-22-3p mimic suppressed, whereas the miR-22-3p inhibitor enhanced, the effects of HG on Sp1 expression. Taken together, our results demonstrate a new regulatory pathway through which HG decreases the paracellular permeability of SMG cells by inhibiting miR-22-3p/Sp1-mediated claudin-1 and claudin-3 expression.

13.
Sci Total Environ ; : 151938, 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34838913

RESUMO

Hazardous waste incineration (HWI) ash is also defined as hazardous waste and its disposal performance depends largely on the ash compositions as well as the potential environmental risk of heavy metals. In this work, HWI ashes of four sampling sites were collected in a 100 t/d hazardous waste incineration plant with rotary kiln over three consecutive days. The formation characteristics of ash samples including heavy metal partitioning were given, with further discussions on the melting disposal of HWI ash mixtures. Results showed significant differences in the ash compositions among the sampling sites. Caused by NaHCO3 injection as de-acidizing adsorbent, the sum of Na, S and Cl content in bag filter ash even exceeded 70%. Cu/Mn/Cr tended to transfer into the bottom ash due to low volatilities, while Zn/Pb/Cd/Se/As were more likely to be enriched in the ash particles. In particular, chemical adsorption at medium- to high- temperature range was dominant for As enrichment in the waste heat boiler ash. Despite the complexity and diversity of raw hazardous wastes, little difference was found in the melting temperature of bottom ash during the sampling period. However, it could vary by more than 200 °C for fly ash due to the fluctuation of alkali components in raw wastes. Moreover, slagging medium was encouraged in order to achieve rapid and complete melting of ash mixtures. The objective of this study is to gain knowledge on the HWI ash formation and inherent heavy metal partitioning behavior, expecting to provide guidelines on the deep harmless disposal of HWI ash in future.

14.
J Virol ; : JVI0159721, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34757838

RESUMO

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus is a major economically significant pathogen and has evolved several strategies to evade host's antiviral response and provide favorable conditions for survival. In the present study, we demonstrated that a host microRNA, miR-376b-3p, was upregulated by PRRSV infection through the viral components, nsp4 and nsp11, and miR-376b-3p can directly target tripartite motif-containing 22 (TRIM22) to impair its anti-PRRSV activity, thus facilitating the replication of PRRSV. Meanwhile, we found that TRIM22 induced degradation of the nucleocapsid protein (N) of PRRSV by interacting with N protein to inhibit PRRSV replication, and further study indicated that TRIM22 could enhance the activation of lysosomal pathway by interacting with LC3 to induce lysosomal degradation of N protein. In conclusion, PRRSV increased miR-376b-3p expression and hijacked the host miR-376b-3p to promote PRRSV replication by impairing the antiviral effect of TRIM22. Therefore, our finding outlines a novel strategy of immune evasion exerted by PRRSV, which is helpful for better understanding the pathogenesis of PRRSV. IMPORTANCE Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) causes enormous economic losses each year in the swine industry worldwide. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles during viral infections via modulating the expression of viral or host genes at post-transcriptional level. TRIM22 has recently been identified as a key restriction factor that inhibited the replication of a number of human virus such as HIV, ECMV, HCV, HBV, IAV, and RSV. Here we showed that host miR-376b-3p could be up-regulated by PRRSV and functioned to impair the anti-PRRSV role of TRIM22 to facilitate PRRSV replication. Meanwhile, we found that TRIM22 inhibited the replication of PRRSV by interacting with viral N protein and accelerating its degradation through the lysosomal pathway. Collectively, the paper described a novel mechanism that PRRSV exploited the host miR-376b-3p to evade antiviral responses and provided a new insight into the study of virus-host interactions.

15.
J Hazard Mater ; : 127794, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34810007

RESUMO

As an alternative to noble-metal Pt based catalysts, metal-based single atomic catalytic (SACs) exhibited excellent atom efficiency and catalytic activity via exposing abundant single atomic active centers. Here, we synthesized the monatomic Mn ligands anchored on porous N, P, S- co-doped carbon framework (Mn content over 4.5 wt%) (denoted as Mn-SAC@PZS). The single atomic Mn exhibited super mass activity (11.58 m2 g-1) and kinetic current (1.122×103 µA) with a much lower Tafel slope (4.25 mV dec-1) at 0.792 V (vs. SCE). XANES and EXAFS revealed that the mononuclear Mn were inclined to coordinate with N and S rather than P to form the R space of Mn, in which the first coordination shells backscattered with Mn-N and Mn-S. RRDE revealed that one-electron ORR pathway (72 ~ 100%) dominated at the potential of 0.5 ~ 0.7 V, oxygen molecule was absorbed/activated on site Mn* to form O* intermediate, then further activated to 1O2 via one-electron ORR pathway, while H* was electro activated by non-metallic active sites (i.e. pyri-N, sp-N, -PN and SO). In addition, the Mn-SAC@PZS was capable of highly selectively capturing and effectively degrading CIP in the presence of HA. Fast and complete removal of CIP was achieved within 30 min in the Mn-SAC@PZS-EFLP system, and the apparent rate constant (k) was up to 0.25 min-1. The energy consumption value was 0.453 kWh m-3, much lower than non-single atomic catalyst MnxOy@PZS (0.655 kWh m-3), which was comparable with the state-of-the-art advanced oxidation processes. These findings provided new insights into the maximum release of the atomic activity of the catalyst, and provides a possible way to selectively remove aromatics from multiple pollutants in complex water system.

16.
J Clin Transl Hepatol ; 9(5): 647-654, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722179

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is one of the leading causes of death in patients with liver cirrhosis. We aimed to establish a prognostic model to evaluate the 1-year survival of cirrhosis patients after the first episode of SBP. Methods: A prognostic model was developed based on a retrospective derivation cohort of 309 cirrhosis patients with first-ever SBP and was validated in a separate validation cohort of 141 patients. We used Uno's concordance, calibration curve, and decision curve (DCA) analysis to evaluate the discrimination, calibration, and clinical net benefit of the model. Results: A total of 59 (19.1%) patients in the derivation cohort and 42 (29.8%) patients in the validation cohort died over the course of 1 year. A prognostic model in nomogram form was developed with predictors including age [hazard ratio (HR): 1.25; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.92-1.71], total serum bilirubin (HR: 1.66; 95% CI: 1.28-2.14), serum sodium (HR: 0.94; 95% CI: 0.90-0.98), history of hypertension (HR: 2.52; 95% CI: 1.44-4.41) and hepatic encephalopathy (HR: 2.06; 95% CI: 1.13-3.73). The nomogram had a higher concordance (0.79) compared with the model end-stage liver disease (0.67) or Child-Turcotte-Pugh (0.71) score. The nomogram also showed acceptable calibration (calibration slope, 1.12; Bier score, 0.15±0.21) and optimal clinical net benefit in the validation cohort. Conclusions: This prediction model developed based on characteristics of first-ever SBP patients may benefit the prediction of patients' 1-year survival.

18.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(45): 13350-13363, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730960

RESUMO

Insulin resistance (IR) is one of the pathological reasons for type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Therefore, it is important to prevent the body from developing T2DM by improving IR and maintaining glucose homeostasis. Anthocyanins (ACNs) are water-soluble pigments and are widely distributed in natural products. This article summarizes research on the bioavailability and metabolism of ACNs. Moreover, we further elaborate on how ACNs reduce IR and hyperglycemia during the development of T2DM based on studies over the past 20 years. Many studies have demonstrated that ACNs are small molecules that target the pancreatic, liver, muscle, and adipose tissues, preventing IR and hyperglycemia. However, the molecular mechanisms are still unclear. Therefore, we envision whether the molecular mechanism of reducing T2DM by ACNs could be more deeply investigated.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Resistência à Insulina , Antocianinas , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Glicemia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Dieta , Humanos , Insulina
19.
PLoS Genet ; 17(10): e1009817, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624015

RESUMO

The yeast-to-hypha transition is tightly associated with pathogenicity in many human pathogenic fungi, such as the model fungal pathogen Cryptococcus neoformans, which is responsible for approximately 180,000 deaths annually. In this pathogen, the yeast-to-hypha transition can be initiated by distinct stimuli: mating stimulation or glucosamine (GlcN), the monomer of cell wall chitosan. However, it remains poorly understood how the signal specificity for Cryptococcus morphological transition by disparate stimuli is ensured. Here, by integrating temporal expression signature analysis and phenome-based clustering evaluation, we demonstrate that GlcN specifically triggers a unique cellular response, which acts as a critical determinant underlying the activation of GlcN-induced filamentation (GIF). This cellular response is defined by an unusually hyperactive cell wall synthesis that is highly ATP-consuming. A novel cell surface protein Gis1 was identified as the indicator molecule for the GlcN-induced cell wall response. The Mpk1-directed cell wall pathway critically bridges global cell wall gene induction and intracellular ATP supply, ensuring the Gis1-dependent cell wall response and the stimulus specificity of GIF. We further reveal that the ability of Mpk1 to coordinate the cell wall response and GIF activation is conserved in different Cryptococcus pathogens. Phosphoproteomics-based profiling together with genetic and phenotypic analysis revealed that the Mpk1 kinase mediates the regulatory specificity of GIF through a coordinated downstream regulatory network centered on Skn7 and Crz1. Overall, our findings discover an unprecedented and conserved cell wall biosynthesis-dependent fungal differentiation commitment mechanism, which enables the signal specificity of pathogenicity-related dimorphism induced by GlcN in Cryptococcus pathogens.


Assuntos
Parede Celular/genética , Cryptococcus neoformans/genética , Glucosamina/genética , Virulência/genética , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Deleção de Genes , Regulação Fúngica da Expressão Gênica/genética
20.
ACS Omega ; 6(40): 26180-26190, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34660977

RESUMO

Given the drawbacks of the traditional MDEA absorption process, we introduced a hydrate-based gas separation approach. Then, to study the effectiveness of this method, we performed some hydrating experiments demonstrating that energy consumption could be remarkably reduced. However, the acid components (H2S and CO2) in the product gas failed to meet the specification requirements of the sales gas. Consequently, a new technique was developed that integrated hydrate-based gas separation and chemical absorption for the sweetening of natural gas with high H2S and CO2 contents. To evaluate the performance of this new integrated method, technical comparisons based on simulation and experimental data were conducted. The results showed that the new integrated method could effectively remove sour components, which resulted in the product gas being able to meet the sales gas specifications. Additionally, the integrated technique consumed much less energy than the traditional MDEA absorption process and its amine regeneration duty was only 42% that of the MDEA method. What is more, upon an economical evaluation being performed, it was shown that the integrated technique tremendously reduced the investment and operating cost.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...