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1.
Pol J Vet Sci ; 23(3): 405-414, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006863

RESUMO

MDAP-2 is a new AMP with high inhibitory activity on Salmonella gallinarum, which may be developed as an antimicrobial agent in the agricultural industry and food preservation. To investigate the underlying the action mechanism of MDAP-2 on Salmonella gallinarum, impacts of MDAP-2 on the growth curve and bacterial morphology of Salmonella gallinarum were studied. iTRAQ-based proteomics analysis was also performed on proteins extracted from treated and untreated Salmonella gallinarum cells. The differentially expressed proteins were then analyzed using the KEGG and GO databases. Finally, the function of some differentially expressed proteins was verified. The results showed that 150 proteins (41 up-regulated and 109 down-regulated) were found differentially expressed (fold > 1.8, p⟨0.05). The results indi- cate that MDAP-2 kills Salmonella gallinarum mainly through two mechanisms: (i) direct inhibi- tion of cell wall/ membrane/ envelope biogenesis, energy production/ conversion, carbohydrate transport/ metabolism, and DNA transcription/ translation through regulation of special protein levels; (ii) indirect effects on the same pathway through the accumulation of Reactive oxygen species (O2 ▪-, H2O2 and OH▪-).

2.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(18): 9238, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33015759

RESUMO

Since this article has been suspected of research misconduct and the corresponding authors did not respond to our request to prove originality of data and figures, "Long noncoding RNA ZFPM2-AS1 promotes the tumorigenesis of renal cell cancer via targeting miR-137, by J.-G. Liu, H.-B. Wang, G. Wan, M.-Z. Yang, X.-J. Jiang, J.-Y. Yang, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019; 23 (13): 5675-5681-DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201907_18304-PMID: 31298319" has been withdrawn. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. https://www.europeanreview.org/article/18304.

3.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(18): 9333-9342, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33015774

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common malignant tumor. Increasing evidence has demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in a wide variety of cellular processes. However, there are few reports about the role and underlying molecular mechanisms of miRNAs in HCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: qRT-PCR and Western blots were performed to quantify the expression of miR-92a, E-cadherin, and circPTK2. Proliferation and invasion assays were performed to explore the function of miR-92a and circPTK2. A Luciferase assay was used to test the relationship between miR-92a, E-cadherin, and circPTK2. RESULTS: In this study, we found that miR-92a was upregulated in HCC tissues and HCC cell lines. Overexpression of miR-92a enhanced cell proliferation and invasion by targeting the E-cadherin 3'UTR in HCC cells. Furthermore, we found that circPTK2 inhibited EMT by inhibiting miR-92a, preventing its ability to downregulate E-cadherin in HCC cells. CONCLUSIONS: We identified a regulatory axis comprising circPTK2/miR-92a/E-cadherin in HCC cells that may serve as a valuable biomarker and therapeutic target for patients with HCC.

4.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(18): 9541-9548, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33015796

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the expression of GTPase protein Ras-related protein Rap-2a (Rap2A) in breast cancer (BC). Furthermore, the associations of Rap2A with clinicopathological parameters of BC patients were investigated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to examine Rap2A expression in BC tissues and cells. The association between Rap2A expression and clinicopathological characteristics was analyzed by Chi-square test. Low expression of Rap2A in BC cells was conducted by transfection of small interfering RNA (siRNA). Subsequently, colony formation assay and transwell assay were used to detect the proliferation and invasion abilities of BC cells, respectively. RESULTS: Rap2A was highly expressed in both BC tissues and cells (p<0.05). Further analysis showed that tumor size, clinical stage, and distant metastasis were correlated with Rap2A expression (p<0.05). Besides, inhibition of Rap2A significantly decreased the proliferation and invasion abilities of BC cells (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Rap2A acted as a promotor in the development of BC. Our findings suggested that Rap2A might be a new potential therapeutic target marker for BC treatment.

5.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(18): 9591-9600, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33015802

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study is aimed at analysing the endogenous metabolites profiling of patients with diabetic osteoporosis, so as to provide the reference for pathogenesis research of diabetic osteoporosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The 1H-NMR metabolomics technology, combined with pattern recognition analysis and SIMCA-P 12.0 statistical analysis, were employed to identify the metabolites differences between diabetic patients with disordered bone metabolism (research group) and healthy volunteers (normal group) in this study. RESULTS: Compared with normal group, the results show that in research group, the levels of O-acetyl glycoprotein, proline, 1-methyl histidine, tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA cycle) product (citric acid and α-ketoglutaric acid) decline, while the levels of branched chain amino acids (leucine, isoleucine, valine), glucose, choline, creatine, inositol, glutamine, aspartic acid, alanine, glycine, and citrulline increase. CONCLUSIONS: There are disordered metabolic pathways and imbalanced bone synthetic materials and regulatory substances in diabetic patients with bone metabolic abnormality. These metabolic abnormalities could be the specific indicators in early diagnosis of diabetic osteoporosis.

6.
J Dent Res ; : 22034520962731, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034243

RESUMO

Autosomal dominant hypocalcified amelogenesis imperfecta (ADHCAI; OMIM #130900) is a genetic disorder exhibiting severe hardness defects and reduced fracture toughness of dental enamel. While the condition is nonsyndromic, it can be associated with other craniofacial anomalies, such as malocclusions and delayed or failed tooth eruption. Truncation mutations in FAM83H (OMIM *611927) are hitherto the sole cause of ADHCAI. With human genetic studies, Fam83h knockout and mutation-knock-in mouse models indicated that FAM83H does not serve a critical physiologic function during enamel formation and suggested a neomorphic mutation mechanism causing ADHCAI. The function of FAM83H remains obscure. FAM83H has been shown to interact with various isoforms of casein kinase 1 (CK1) and keratins and to mediate organization of keratin cytoskeletons and desmosomes. By considering FAM83H a scaffold protein to anchor CK1s, further molecular characterization of the protein could gain insight into its functions. In this study, we characterized 9 kindreds with ADHCAI and identified 3 novel FAM83H truncation mutations: p.His437*, p.Gln459*, and p.Glu610*. Some affected individuals exhibited hypoplastic phenotypes, in addition to the characteristic hypocalcification enamel defects, which have never been well documented. Failed eruption of canines or second molars in affected persons was observed in 4 of the families. The p.Glu610* mutation was located in a gap area (amino acids 470 to 625) within the zone of previously reported pathogenic variants (amino acids 287 to 694). In vitro pull-down studies with overexpressed FAM83H proteins in HEK293 cells demonstrated an interaction between FAM83H and SEC16A, a protein component of the COP II complex at endoplasmic reticulum exit sites. The interaction was mediated by the middle part (amino acids 287 to 657) of mouse FAM83H protein. Results of this study significantly extended the phenotypic and genotypic spectrums of FAM83H-associated ADHCAI and suggested a role for FAM83H in endoplasmic reticulum-to-Golgi vesicle trafficking and protein secretion (dbGaP phs001491.v1.p1).

7.
Benef Microbes ; 11(6): 573-589, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032473

RESUMO

Clostridium tyrobutyricum shows probiotic properties and can affect the composition of gut microbiota and regulate the intestinal immune system. Compared with other probiotics, this spore-producing bacterium shows unparalleled advantages in commercial production. In addition to being resistant to extreme living environments for extended periods, its endophytic spores are implicated in inhibiting cancer cell growth. We speculated that C. tyrobutyricum spores can also promote gut health, which mean it can maintain intestinal homeostasis. To date, the beneficial effects of C. tyrobutyricum spores on gut health have not been reported. In this study, a Spo0A-overexpressing C. tyrobutyricum strain was developed to increase spore production, and its probiotic effects on the gut were assessed. Compared with the wild-type, the engineered strain showed significantly increased sporulation rates. Mice administered with the engineered strain exhibited enhanced intestinal villi and the villus height/crypt depth ratio, weight gain and improved Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio to facilitate intestinal homeostasis. This study demonstrated for the first time that enhanced spore production in C. tyrobutyricum can improve intestinal homeostasis, which is advantageous for its commercial application in food and pharmaceutical industry.

10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036534

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the incidence of silicosis among excavation workers in Suzhou city. Methods: In 2011-2016, we investigated the incidence of silicosis among 3190 excavation workers who participated in the mining operations from 1971 to 1974 in Suzhou city. To compare the general condition, complications, blood indexes and pulmonary function between different stages of silicosis patients. Results: Among all the participants, 144 cases were diagnosed as silicosis, and the incidence of silicosis was 4.51%, including 138 stage I cases (95.83%) , 4 stage II cases (2.78%) , and 2 stage III cases (1.39%) . Both systolic blood pressure (154.17±14.74 mmHg) and diastolic blood pressure (96.67±10.25 mmHg) of silicosis patients in stage II-III were significantly higher than that of patients in stage I (134.64±15.41 mmHg, 82.20±10.62 mmHg) (P<0.05) . Hypertension (54 cases, 37.50%) were the most commonly complication of silicosis patients, followed by abnormal electrocardiogram (38 cases, 26.39%) , diabetes (22 cases, 15.28%) , malignant tumor (10 cases, 6.94%) , hepatitis B (8 cases, 5.56%) and tuberculosis (8 cases, 5.56%) . The serum levels of red blood cell count (RBC) , hemoglobin (Hb) , albumin (ALB) , magnesium (Mg) and sodium (Na) in stage I silicosis patients were significantly higher than stage II-III patients (P<0.05) . While the serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and carbohydrate antigen 199 (CA199) in stage I silicosis patients were significantly lower than stage II-III patients (P<0.05) . The proportions of normal pulmonary function, mild airflow limitation, moderate airflow limitation and severe airflow limitation in silicosis patients were 44.03% (59/134) , 18.66% (25/134) , 29.85% (40/134) and 7.46% (10/134) , respectively. Conclusion: Our data obviously show that the excavation workers has a high incidence of silicosis. It is necessary to strengthen the occupational health surveillance of silicosis patients, reduce complications and improve their quality of life.

12.
Neuroimage ; : 117438, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039623

RESUMO

Brain development has largely been studied through unimodal analysis of neuroimaging data, providing independent results for structural and functional data. However, structure clearly impacts function and vice versa, pointing to the need for performing multimodal data collection and analysis to improve our understanding of brain development, and to further inform models of typical and atypical brain development across the lifespan. Ultimately, such models should also incorporate genetic and epigenetic mechanisms underlying brain structure and function, although currently this area is poorly specified. To this end, we are reporting here a multi-site, multi-modal dataset that captures cognitive function, brain structure and function, and genetic and epigenetic measures to better quantify the factors that influence brain development in children originally aged 9-14 years. Data collection for the Developmental Chronnecto-Genomics (Dev-CoG) study (http://devcog.mrn.org/) includes cognitive, emotional, and social performance scales, structural and functional MRI, diffusion MRI, magnetoencephalography (MEG), and saliva collection for DNA analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and DNA methylation patterns. Across two sites (The Mind Research Network and the University of Nebraska Medical Center), data from over 200 participants were collected and these children were re-tested annually for at least 3 years. The data collection protocol, sample demographics, and data quality measures for the dataset are presented here. The sample will be made freely available through the collaborative informatics and neuroimaging suite (COINS) database at the conclusion of the study.

14.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(37): 2924-2928, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993252

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the the effectiveness of using short-latency somatosensory evoked potential(SLSEP) combined with electroencephalogram(EEG) reactivity to predict the prognosis of severe brain injury(SBI) patients. Methods: Consecutive patients with SBI admitted in neurosurgery intensive care unit(NSICU) at Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from July 2018 to January 2019 were prospectively collected. SLSEP and EEG were recorded in these patients in NSICU within two weeks after injury onset. EEG reactivity(EEG-R) was tested during EEG signal stabilization. In addition, the concentrations of serum neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and S100 protein were also detected. All patients were evaluated with Glasgow Outcome Scale(GOS) during 12 months' follow-up. GOS grade 3 to 5 was defined as favorable group, and GOS grade 1 to 2 was defined as unfavorable group. The association of relevant predictors with patient's prognosis was assessed. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) was used to evaluate each potential predictor. Results: Forty-three patients were included in the study, with 26 patients of favorable outcomes and 17 patients with unfavorable prognosis. Univariate analysis revealed that the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score, the concentration of serum NSE, EEG-R, the amplitude of SLSEP were all associated with the prognosis after 12 months' follow-up. Moreover, the AUC for prediction of favorable prognosis by GCS, NSE, EEG-R, SLSEP was 0.661(95%CI: 0.493-0.829), 0.697(95%CI: 0.531-0.862), 0.718(95%CI: 0.557-0.879) and 0.758(95%CI: 0.609-0.907) respectively. However, there was no significant difference of age, gender, pupillary light reflex and S100 protein between the two groups. Furthermore, multiple logistic regression analysis showed that only SLSEP amplitude (OR=2.058, 95%CI: 0.867-4.888) and EEG-R(OR=3.748, 95%CI: 0.857-16.394) were independent predictors of favorable prognosis, and the prognostic model containing these two variables yielded an predictive performance with an AUC of 0.798. Conclusion: The higher amplitude of SLSEP and the existence of EEG-R are predictors of good prognosis in SBI patients, and the combined use of SLSEP and EEG-R in predicting the prognosis of SBI patients is more reliable.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas , Potenciais Somatossensoriais Evocados , Eletroencefalografia , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Humanos , Prognóstico
15.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(10): 758-764, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993262

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic radical resection of hilar cholangiocarcinoma at multiple centers in China. Methods: Between December 2015 and August 2019, the clinical data of 143 patients who underwent LRHC in Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College, Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Affiliated Tongji Hospital of Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Hunan Provincial People's Hospital, the First Hospital Affiliated to Army Medical University, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital Affiliated to Medical College of Zhejiang University, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University and the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University were collected prospectively. There were 92 males and 51 females with age of (64±11) years (range: 53 to 72 years). Bismuth type: type I, 38 cases (26.6%), type Ⅱ, 19 cases (13.3%), type Ⅲa, 15 cases (10.5%), type Ⅲb, 28 cases (19.6%) and type Ⅳ, 43 cases (30.0%). The patients within the first 10 operation cases in each operation time (the first 10 patients in each operation team) were divided into group A (77 cases), and the patients after 10 cases in each operation time were classified as group B (66 cases); the cases with more than 10 cases in the center were further divided into group A(1) (116 cases), and the center with less than 10 cases was set as group A(2) (27 cases). T test or Wilcoxon test was used to compare the measurement data between groups, and the chi square test or Fisher exact probability method was used to compare the counting data between groups. Kaplan Meier curve was used for survival analysis. Results: All patients successfully completed laparoscopic procedure. The mean operation time was (421.3±153.4) minutes (range: 159 to 770 minutes), and the intraoperative blood loss was 100 to 1 500 ml (median was 300 ml) .Recent post-operative complications contained bile leakage, abdominal bleeding, abdominal infection, gastrointestinal bleeding, and delay gastric emptying, pulmonary infection, liver failure, et al.The post-operative hospital stay was (15.9±9.2) days. The operation time in group B was relatively reduced ( (429.5±190.7)minutes vs. (492.3±173.1)minutes, t=2.063, P=0.041) and the blood loss (465 ml vs. 200 ml) was also reduced (Z=2.021, P=0.043) than that in group B. The incidence of postoperative biliary fistula and lung infection in patients in group A was significantly higher than that in group B (χ(2)=4.341, 0.007; P=0.037, 0.047) .Compared with group A(2), the operation time in group A(1) was relatively reduced( (416.3±176.5)minutes vs. (498.1±190.4)minutes, t=2.136, P=0.034) , the incidence of bile leakage and abdominal cavity infection in group A(1) was lower than that in group A(2) (χ(2)=7.537, 3.162; P=0.006, 0.046) . Kaplan Meier survival curve showed that the difference of short-term survival time between group A and group B was statistically significant (P<0.05) . Conclusions: The completion of laparoscopic hilar cholangiocarcinoma radical surgery is based on improved surgical skills, and proficiency in standardized operation procedures.It is feasible for laparoscopic radical resection of hilar cholangiocarcinoma to well experienced surgeon with cases be strictly screened, but it is not recommended for widespread promotion at this exploratory stage.

16.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32996475

RESUMO

Thermoelectric properties of a black phosphorus/blue phosphorus van der Waals heterostructure are investigated by using first-principles calculations and Boltzmann transport theory for both electrons and phonons. It is found that the heterostructure is both energetically and kinetically stable even at higher temperature. Compared with those of the constituent black and blue phosphorus monolayers, the thermoelectric performance of the heterostructure is significantly enhanced due to sharply decreased thermal conductivity caused by the presence of van der Waals interactions, as well as obviously reduced band gaps and multi-valley structures resulting from type-II band alignment. As a consequence, the room temperature ZT value can reach 1.6, which is much higher than those of the components. Furthermore, we obtain ZT over 2.0 in a wide temperature range from 400 to 800 K, and a maximum ZT of ∼3.2 can be realized at 700 K, which is surprisingly good for systems consisting of light elements only.

17.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol ; 41(10): 1856-1862, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32943417

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is a paucity of data regarding antiplatelet management strategies in the setting of stent-assisted coiling/flow diversion for ruptured intracranial aneurysms. This study aimed to identify current challenges in antiplatelet management during stent-assisted coiling/flow diversion for ruptured intracranial aneurysms and to outline possible antiplatelet management strategies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The modified DELPHI approach with an on-line questionnaire was sent in several iterations to an international, multidisciplinary panel of 15 neurointerventionalists. The first round consisted of open-ended questions, followed by closed-ended questions in the subsequent rounds. Responses were analyzed in an anonymous fashion and summarized in the final manuscript draft. The statement received endorsement from the World Federation of Interventional and Therapeutic Neuroradiology, the Japanese Society for Neuroendovascular Therapy, and the Chinese Neurosurgical Society. RESULTS: Data were collected from December 9, 2019, to March 13, 2020. Panel members achieved consensus that platelet function testing may not be necessary and that antiplatelet management for stent-assisted coiling and flow diversion of ruptured intracranial aneurysms can follow the same principles. Preprocedural placement of a ventricular drain was thought to be beneficial in cases with a high risk of hydrocephalus. A periprocedural dual, intravenous, antiplatelet regimen with aspirin and a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor was preferred as a standard approach. The panel agreed that intravenous medication can be converted to oral aspirin and an oral P2Y12 inhibitor within 24 hours after the procedure. CONCLUSIONS: More and better data on antiplatelet management of patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysms undergoing stent-assisted coiling or flow diversion are urgently needed. Panel members in this DELPHI consensus study preferred a periprocedural dual-antiplatelet regimen with aspirin and a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor.

18.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 49(10): 999-1002, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32992412

RESUMO

Objective: To study the expression of phosphates signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (pSTAT3) and programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) in extranodal NK/T cell lymphomas (ENKTCL) and the relationships of pSTAT3 and PD-L1 expression with the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of ENKTCL. Methods: Fifty-one cases of ENKTCL diagnosed at Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital from June 2015 to February 2019 were included in the study. The expression of pSTAT3 and PD-L1 was examined using immunohistochemistry. Results: There were 35 males and 16 females, ranging from 18 to 85 years old with a median age of 47 years. The positive rates of pSTAT3 and PD-L1 expression were 68.6% (35/51) and 76.5% (39/51), respectively. pSTAT3 expression was correlated with PD-L1 expression (P=0.033,R=0.322), while there were no associations of pSTAT3 and PD-L1 expression with the clinicopathological characteristics of ENKTCL, including age, sex, clinical site, B symptom, Ann Arbor stage, LDH value, EBV DNA load of peripheral blood and international proliferation index score. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed the prognoses of the pSTAT3 and PD-L1 positive groups were slightly better than the respective negative groups, but the differences were not significantly (P>0.05). Conclusions: pSTAT3 is highly expressed in extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma and related to the expression of PD-L1, which provides a potential target and rationale for combinations of targeted therapies and immune checkpoint blockade inhibitors in the treatment of ENKTCL.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fosfatos , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
19.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(36): 2858-2860, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988147

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical value of robot-assisted laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) inguinal hernia repair. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of 23 consecutive patients who underwent robotic inguinal hernia repair from January 2018 to December 2019 at Beijing United Family hospital. The patients were all male with mean age 48.8 (17-72) years and BMI 25.8 (21.2-32.6)kg/m(2). Data examined included perioperative bleeding, operative times, length of stay, pain scale ratings and postoperative complication. Results: There were no major complications during the surgeries including no significant intraoperative bleeding, injury to the vas deferens or major vascular structures. There were no conversions to open. No patients received prophylactic antibiotics according to our hospital policy. No surgical site infections were found. All patients were discharged home within the 24-hour postoperative period. The mean operating time of 13 cases of unilateral hernia was 121 (82-165) min, and that of 10 cases of bilateral hernia was 166 (100-315) min. The mean intraoperative blood loss was 13.3 ml (5-25 ml). The average pain score in recovery was 0.96 (0-3). The total length of stay was 28.4 (24.2-37.5) h. During a follow-up period of 3-18 months, none of the patients experienced a recurrent hernia. None experienced chronic pain or discomfort in the operative field. Conclusions: The robotic surgical platform facilitates a new safe, minimally invasive approach to groin hernia. Because of improved ergonomics, visualization and wristed instrumentation, the robotic approach enabled creation of larger peritoneal flaps and had the potential for less injuries. The major advantage to the patient is a shorter hospital stay, and more rapid postoperative recovery and decreased postoperative pain, lower complications and recurrences.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Laparoscopia , Robótica , Idoso , Herniorrafia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 14940, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32913205

RESUMO

Cleft palate (CP) is one of the most common craniofacial birth defects, impacting about 1 in 800 births in the USA. Tgf-ß3 plays a critical role in regulating murine palate development, and Tgf-ß3 null mutants develop cleft palate with 100% penetrance. In this study, we compared global palatal transcriptomes of wild type (WT) and Tgf-ß3 -/- homozygous (HM) mouse embryos at the crucial palatogenesis stages of E14.5, and E16.5, using RNA-seq data. We found 1,809 and 2,127 differentially expressed genes at E16.5 vs. E14.5 in the WT and HM groups, respectively (adjusted p < 0.05; |fold change|> 2.0). We focused on the genes that were uniquely up/downregulated in WT or HM at E16.5 vs. E14.5 to identify genes associated with CP. Systems biology analysis relating to cell behaviors and function of WT and HM specific genes identified functional non-Smad pathways and preference of apoptosis to epithelial-mesenchymal transition. We identified 24 HM specific and 11 WT specific genes that are CP-related and/or involved in Tgf-ß3 signaling. We validated the expression of 29 of the 35 genes using qRT-PCR and the trend of mRNA expression is similar to that of RNA-seq data . Our results enrich our understanding of genes associated with CP that are directly or indirectly regulated via TGF-ß.

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