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1.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(8): 655-659, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192857

RESUMO

Objectives: To examine the prognosis factors of recurrence of esophageal carcinoma within 6 months after neoadjuvant therapy followd by surgery. Methods: The clinical data of 187 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who underwent neoadjuvant therapy followed by curative esophagectomy between January 2018 and April 2020 at Department of Thoracic Surgery, Shanghai Chest Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. There were 160 males and 27 females, aging (63.0±7.1) years (range:43 to 76 years). The t test, χ2 test and rank-sum test were used for univariate analysis of the prognosis factors for recurrence within 6 months postoperative, while the Logistic regression was used for multivariate analysis. Results: There were 30 patients (16.0%) developed recurrence within 6 months after operation, including local recurrence in 1 case, regional recurrence in 11 cases, hematogenous recurrence in 13 cases, and combined recurrence in 5 cases. Univariate analysis suggested that there was a significant difference in T staging of tumor before neoadjuvant therapy (cT), tumor regression grade, circumferential resection margin, pathological T stage (ypT) and pathological N stage (ypN) between the recurrence patients and non-recurrence patients (all P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis suggested that the cT3-4 (OR=2.701, 95%CI: 1.161 to 6.329, P=0.021) and ypN(+)(OR=1.654, 95%CI: 1.045 to 2.591, P=0.032) were the independent prognosis factors for recurrence within 6 months. Conclusion: The combination of neoadjuvant therapy and surgery is not effective in reducing early postoperative recurrence in patients who have invaded the epineurium before treatment, and still have positive lymph nodes after neoadjuvant therapy.

2.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(8): 691-696, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192863

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of different stents assisted embolization in the treatment of subarachnoid hemorrhage(SAH) caused by V4 dissecting aneurysm of vertebral artery. Methods: The clinical data of 39 patients with spontaneous SAH V4 dissecting aneurysm treated at the Department of Neurosurgery, the Northern Theater General Hospital from January 2016 to June 2019 were analyzed retrospectively.There were 21 males and 18 females, aged (48±17) years(range:35 to 68 years).There were 24 cases of HUNT-HESS grade Ⅰ and 15 cases of grade Ⅱ.Among them, 20 cases were treated with single stent-assisted embolization, 9 cases with multi-stent-assisted embolization, 9 cases with semi-dense mesh-assisted embolization, and 1 case with dense-mesh stent-assisted embolization.The perioperative and postoperative complications, postoperative recurrence were collected. Results: Intraoperative complications included 2 cases of aneurysm rupture and 2 cases of acute thrombosis.All aneurysms were densely packed according to the angiography performed immediately after operation.Postoperative complications included 3 cases of long-term responsible vascular ischemia(modified Rankin score<2). The patients were followed up for 15.1 months(range: 12 to 29 months). At the last follow-up, aneurysms recurrence occured in 10 cases, the recurrence rate was 25.6%(10/39). There were 6 cases of recurrence and 2 cases of complications in 20 cases with single stent-assisted embolization, 3 cases of recurrence and 4 cases of complications in 9 cases with multi-stent-assisted embolization, 1 case of recurrence and 1 case of complications in 9 cases with semi-dense mesh stent. Conclusion: Endovascular treatment is feasible for patients with vertebral artery dissecting aneurysm, and the appropriate surgical method should be selected according to the vascular structure and the location of the aneurysm.

3.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; : 9603271211023792, 2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34219514

RESUMO

Taraxasterol (TAR) is a kind of active compound extracted from dandelion and its molecular structure resembles steroid hormones. Recently, TAR has been reported to show an anti-tumor activity. However, the specific role of TAR in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) has not been clarified. In this study, we investigated the effect of TAR on PTC cell migration, invasion and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) induced by TGF-ß1. PTC cells were exposed to TGF-ß1 (5 ng/mL) and then treated with different concentrations of TAR. We found that TAR showed no obvious cytotoxicity below 10 µg/mL but notably reduced migration and invasion of TGF-ß1-treated PTC cells. Moreover, TAR treatment decreased MMP-2 and MMP-9 levels, and obviously affected the expression of EMT markers. We also observed that Wnt3a and ß-catenin levels were significantly increased in TGF-ß1-treated PTC cells while TAR inhibited these effects in a concentration-dependent manner. Additionally, activation of the Wnt pathway by LiCl attenuated the suppressive effect of TAR on TGF-ß1-induced migration, invasion and EMT in PTC cells. Taken together, we highlighted that TAR could significantly suppress TGF-ß1-regulated migration and invasion by reversing the EMT process via the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway, suggesting that TAR may be a potential anti-cancer agent for PTC treatment.

4.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2021 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34302684

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although the gut microbiota (GM) are associated with various diseases, their role in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) remains uncharacterized. Further study is urgently needed to expose the real relationship between GM and GDM. METHODS: We performed a prospective study in 33 pregnant Chinese individuals [15, GDM; 18, normal glucose tolerance (NGT)] to observe the fecal microbiota by 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing at 24-28 weeks of gestational age after a standard 75 g oral glucose tolerance test. Linear regression analysis was employed to assess the relationships between the GM and GDM clinical parameters. RESULTS: Sequencing showed no difference in the microbiota alpha diversity but a significant difference in the beta diversity between the GDM and NGT groups, with the relative abundances of Ruminococcus bromii, Clostridium colinum, and Streptococcus infantis being higher in the GDM group (P < 0.05). The quantitative PCR results validated the putative bacterial markers of R. bromii and S. infantis. Moreover, a strong positive correlation was found between S. infantis and blood glucose levels after adjusting for body mass index (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Three abnormally expressed intestinal bacteria (R. bromii, C. colinum, and S. infantis) were identified in GDM patients. S. infantis may confer an increased risk of GDM. Hence, the GM may serve as a potential therapeutic target for GDM.

5.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(7): 701-707, 2021 Jul 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34256438

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effect and related regulatory mechanism of hawthorn leaf flavonoids (FHL) on cardiac function in rats with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Methods: Sixty SPF male Sprague-Dawley rats (9-week-old, weighing 300-350 g) were used in this study. Ten rats were assigned to sham operation group, and the remaining 50 rats were used to establish the AMI model with coronary artery ligation method, AMI was successfully established in 36 rats. AMI rats were randomly divided into AMI group and FHL low-, medium-, and high-dose groups (n=9 for each group). Rats received intraperitoneal injection (10 ml·kg-1·day-1) with physiological saline and FHL solution with concentrations of 0.3, 0.6, and 1.2 mg/ml, respectively for 4 consecutive weeks. Echocardiography was performed at the end of experiments. Left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD), left ventricular end diastolic anterior wall thickness (LAWD), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left ventricular end diastolic pressure (LVEDP) were measured. Then the rats were sacrificed under deep anesthesia, and the left ventricular anterior wall tissue was used for pathological examinations by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Other myocardial tissue was used for in situ terminal transferase labeling (TUNEL) staining, and the apoptosis rate of cardiomyocytes was calculated. The myocardial cell apoptosis rate, the mRNA, and protein expressions of phosphatidylinositol 3ß-kinase (PI3K), protein kinase B (Akt), glycogen synthetase kinase-3 (GSK3ß), cyclin D1 and the protein expressions of p-Akt and p-GSK3ß were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) and Western blot respectively. Results: Compared with sham operation group, the LVEDD and LVEDP of the rats in AMI group and FHL low-, medium-and high-dose groups were increased, and the LAWD and LVEF were reduced (all P<0.05). Compared with AMI group, LVEDD and LVEDP were reduced, and LAWD and LVEF were increased in FHL low-, medium-and high-dose groups (all P<0.05). LVEDD and LVEDP decreased, and LAWD and LVEF increased in proportion to the increase of FHL dose (all P<0.05). LVEDD and LAWD values were similar between FHL low-dose and medium-dose groups (both P>0.05). HE staining results evidenced necrotic myocardial tissue, together with disordered arrangement of myocardial fibers, and a large number of inflammatory cells infiltrated in the myocardial tissue in AMI group. The myocardial damage of rats in FHL low-, medium-, and high-dose groups was less than that of AMI group. The myocardial fibers were arranged neatly, but there were still partial breaks and a small amount of inflammatory cell infiltration in the myocardial tissue and there were scattered islands of normal myocardial tissue in the infarct area of these groups. Among them, myocardial damage was the least in FHL high-dose group. The results of TUNEL staining showed that compared with AMI group, the apoptosis rate of myocardial cells was significantly reduced in FHL low-, medium-, and high-dose groups (all P<0.001), but was still higher than that in sham operation group (all P<0.001). Myocardial cell apoptosis rate decreased in proportion with increasing FHL dose (P<0.05). The RT-qPCR results showed that compared with AMI group, the expression levels of PI3K and cyclin D1 mRNA were significantly upregulated in the myocardial tissue of rats in FHL low-, medium-, and high-dose groups, but still lower than those in sham operation group (all P<0.05), and PI3K and cyclin D1 mRNA expression levels increased with the increase dose of FHL (P<0.05). Western blot results showed that compared with AMI group, the expression levels of PI3K, p-Akt, p-GSK3ß, and cyclin D1 were significantly upregulated in the myocardial tissue of rats in FHL low-, medium-, and high-dose groups, but still lower than those in sham operation group (all P<0.05), and the protein expression levels of PI3K, p-Akt, p-GSK3ß, and cyclin D1 increased in proportion with the increase dose of FHL (all P<0.05). Conclusion: FHL can effectively improve cardiac function in rats with AMI, and the beneficial effects may be partly mediated through activating PI3K/GSK3ß/cyclin D1 signaling pathway.

6.
Climacteric ; : 1-7, 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34254535

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The WNT signaling pathway is involved in the regulation of bone homeostasis, and the effect of WNT signaling pathway-related gene (WNT16 and LRP5) polymorphisms on osteoporosis risk among Chinese postmenopausal women is still unknown. Hence, we performed a case-control study to assess the association of WNT signaling pathway-related gene polymorphisms and osteoporosis risk. METHODS: A total of 1026 women (515 osteoporosis patients and 511 controls) of postmenopausal age who were randomly sampled from Xi'an 630 Hospital (Shaanxi Province, China) were involved in this study. Seven genetic polymorphisms in WNT16 (rs3779381, rs3801387, rs917727 and rs7776725) and LRP5 (rs2291467, rs11228240 and rs12272917) were selected and genotyped using the Agena MassARRAY iPLEX system. The association of the genetic polymorphisms and osteoporosis risk was assessed by odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals. The multifactor dimensionality reduction (MDR) method was conducted to analyze single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-SNP interaction. RESULTS: We found that LRP5 polymorphisms (rs2291467, rs11228240 and rs12272917) were significantly associated with a decreased risk of osteoporosis in homozygote, recessive and additive models (p < 0.05). Stratification analysis showed that LRP5 polymorphisms (rs2291467, rs11228240 and rs12272917) significantly decreased the osteoporosis risk in the subgroup of body mass index (BMI) ≤ 24 (p < 0.05) and that individuals carrying a heterozygote genotype of WNT16 polymorphisms (rs3779381, rs3801387, rs917727 and rs7776725) had a higher osteoporosis risk in the subgroup of BMI > 24 (p < 0.05). Two haplotypes (haplotype 1: rs3779381, rs3801387, rs917727 and rs7776725; haplotype 2: rs2291467 and rs11228240) were observed, yet only Trs2291467Trs11228240 and Crs2291467Crs11228240 had a strong association with a decreased risk of osteoporosis (p < 0.05). Additionally, MDR analysis revealed that LRP5 rs2291467 was the best model in single-locus MDR analysis. A seven-locus model including rs3779381-AG, rs7776725-TC, rs3801387-GA and rs917727-TC in WNT16 and rs11228240-CC, rs12272917-TC and rs2291467-CC in LRP5 was the best model in multiple-loci MDR analysis (p < 0.001). These two best models were the most significantly associated with osteoporosis risk. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggested that WNT16 and LRP5 genetic polymorphisms are associated with osteoporosis risk among Chinese postmenopausal women.

7.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(6): 811-819, 2021 Jun 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238732

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation of baseline serum 25(OH) D level with the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and blood glucose control in diabetic patients among the middle-aged and elderly individuals in Chengguan District of Lanzhou, Gansu Province. OBJECTIVE: Residents aged 40 to 75 years in Lanzhou were selected from the "REACTION" study conducted in 2011 and had been followed up since 2014. A total of 5044 subjects with complete data from the two surveys were analyzed. Participants were divided into Q1, Q2, Q3, and Q4 subgroups based on quartiles of serum 25(OH)D level for comparison of the incidence of T2DM and blood glucose control. OBJECTIVE: Baseline 25(OH)D level was not found to correlate with FPG, 2h-PG or HbA1c levels among the residents (P>0.05). The participants were followed up for a mean of 3.4±0.6 years, and compared with those in Q1 group, the participants in Q2, Q3 and Q4 groups did not show significantly lowered risk of prediabetes or diabetes regardless of glucose tolerance status. Among the patients with T2DM, the compliance rate of glycemic control after the follow-up was significantly higher than that before the follow-up (63.4% vs 60.6%), and the levels of HbA1c, FPG, and 2h-PG decreased obviously after the follow-up. But compared with Q1 group, Q2, Q3 and Q4 groups showed no significant changes in glycemic control compliance rate or levels of HbA1c, FPG and 2h-PG after the follow-up (P>0.05). OBJECTIVE: There is no evidence that baseline 25(OH)D levels are associated with the risk of diabetes and blood glucose control in patients with T2DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Idoso , Glicemia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados
8.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(6): 916-922, 2021 Jun 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238745

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the respiratory motion of the scanned object during acquisition of digital chest tomosynthesis (CTS) using a linear model. OBJECTIVE: Respiratory signals were generated by extracting the motion of the diaphragm from the projection radiographs. The diaphragm trajectory obtained by dynamic programming (DP) was modeled and fitted, and according to the fitting of the data, the base motion curve and respiratory signal curve of the diaphragm were separated. Multipurpose chest phantom data, simulated digital Xcat phantom data and the datasets of 3 clinical patients were used to validate the performance of the proposed method. OBJECTIVE: The motion trajectory of the diaphragm extracted from multipurpose chest phantom simulation data was linear. The respiratory signals could be effectively extracted from the 3 datasets of clinical patients in different respiratory states. The correlation coefficient between the respiratory signal extracted in Xcat simulation experiment and the original design was 0.9797. OBJECTIVE: The linear model can effectively obtain the respiratory motion information of patients in real time, thus enabling the physicians to make clinical decisions on a rescan.


Assuntos
Respiração , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Movimento (Física) , Imagens de Fantasmas
9.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(26): 2071-2076, 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275241

RESUMO

Objectives: To explore the short and long term outcomes of coronary artery disease(CAD) patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) after two different revascularization strategies. Methods: The CAD patients with HFrEF who had undegone successful revascularization from January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2014 in Anzhen Hospital were analyzed based on registries. The baseline characteristics, changes of left heart function and the MACCE after a mean follow-up of 3.1 years were compared. Results: A total of 1 813 CAD patients with HFrEF who had undergone successful PCI (n=687) or CABG (n=1 126) satisfied the inclusion criteria were included. The age of all patients included was (59.6±10.0) years and male patients accounted for 83.1%. For the coronary angiographic features, the CABG group showed higher SYNTAX score (27.3±10.2 vs 31.1±10.4, P<0.01) and greater left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD) [(59.8±7.2) vs (57.9±7.7)mm, P<0.001]. The LVEF before revascularization was similar in PCI and CABG group [(35.8±5.1)% vs (35.9±4.6)%, P>0.05]. At three-month, one-year or three-year follow-up after revascularization, the improvement of LVEF was similar in the two groups (P>0.05). After multivariable adjustment, three-year outcomes revealed that the risks of all-cause mortality and cardiac death were not statistically significant between CABG and PCI group (16.3% vs 14.3%, HR=1.5, 95%CI: 1.2-2.1, P=0.07; 8.5% vs 8.2%, HR=1.3, 95%CI: 1.1-1.4, P=0.20). With regards to other endpoints, CABG group had a higher rate of stroke (6.2% vs 2.9%, HR=2.9, 95%CI:2.3-3.6, P<0.01) but a lower rate of repeat revascularization (6.5% vs 15.1%, HR=0.5, 95%CI:0.3-0.7, P<0.01) compared to PCI group. And for patients with SYNTAX score≥33, PCI group showed a comparable risk of all-cause mortality or cardiac death (HR=0.8, 95%CI: 0.4-1.3, P=0.06; HR=0.7, 95%CI:0.4-1.0, P=0.90). Conclusions: In CAD patients with HFrEF who had undergone successful revascularization, PCI is not inferior to CABG for long-term survival. PCI should be taken into consideration to become an alternative strategy in patients with left ventricular dysfunction.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Idoso , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Volume Sistólico , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(27): 2152-2158, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275251

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinicopathological characteristics of T1 breast cancer, the risk of lymph node metastasis and related prognostic factors. Methods: The National Cancer Institute Surveillance, Epidemiology and Results (SEER) database was utilized to search and screen out 73 421 female patients with T1 breast cancer from 2010 to 2015 for retrospective analysis. Logistic regression was used to assess the risk factors of lymph node metastasis. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to analysis overall survival (OS) and breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS); Log-rank test and Cox risk model were used for prognostic analysis. Results: A total of 73 421 female patients were enrolled, including 61 955 (84.4%) N0 stage, 9 995 N1 stage (13.6%), 1 087 N2 stage (1.5%) and 384 N3 stage (0.5%). Patients with invasive cancer, histological grade 3, T1c stage, progesterone receptor (PR) positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2) positive were most likely to develop lymph node metastasis (all P<0.05). The median follow-up time was 55 months. The 5-year survival rate was 93.8%, and the 5-year BCSS rate was 98.2%. Cox regression analysis showed that T stage (HR=1.517, 95%CI: 1.382-1.666, P<0.01), N stage (HR=5.173, 95%CI: 4.424-6.049, P<0.01), estrogen receptor (ER) status (HR=0.774, 95%CI: 0.607-0.987, P=0.039), PR status (HR=0.745, 95%CI: 0.689-0.806, P<0.01) and subtype (HR=1.439, 95%CI: 1.078-1.478, P=0.011) were independent prognostic risk factors for the OS. Histological grade (HR=2.100, 95%CI: 1.766-2.483, P<0.01), T stage (HR=1.310, 95%CI: 1.193-1.439, P<0.01), N stage (HR=21.230, 95%CI: 17.980-25.060, P<0.01), PR status (HR=0.855, 95%CI: 0.791-0.925, P<0.01) were independent prognostic risk factors for the BCSS in T1 breast cancer. Conclusions: The lymph node metastasis rate of T1 breast cancer is low and the overall prognosis is good. Pathological type, histological grade, tumor size and subtype maybe helpful in predicting the lymph node metastasis of T1 breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos , Metástase Linfática , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
11.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(3): 240-247, 2021 Jun 21.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34286524

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish an indicator system for assessment of schistosomiasis transmission risk after transmission interruption in Hubei Province, so as to provide insights into the precise control of schistosomiasis. METHODS: The indicator system was preliminarily established based on data collection, literature review, expert interviews. Two rounds of expert consultation were performed. The indicator system was screened based on the importance, operability, sensitivity and comprehensive score of the indicators, and the weights of each indicator were calculated. The credibility of the Delphi method was evaluated by calculating the active coefficient of the experts, degree of expert authority and coordination levels of experts' opinions. RESULTS: An indicator system for assessment of schistosomiasis transmission risk was preliminarily established, including 3 primary indicators, 12 secondary indicators and 44 tertiary indicators. A Delphi consultation was performed among 17 experts participating in schistosomiasis control, management and research. Following two rounds of consultation, a risk assessment indicator system was finally constructed, including 3 primary indicators, 10 secondary indicators and 35 tertiary indicators. Among the primary indicators, the variable with the highest normalized weight was the current status of schistosomiasis (0.420 2), followed by social factors (0.397 3) and natural environments (0.182 5). Among the secondary indicators, those with high combined weights included risk monitoring (0.142 3), current snail status (0.140 1), and current prevalence of human and livestock infections (0.137 8). Among the tertiary indicators, those with high combined weights included the positive rate of wild feces (0.049 8), the prevalence of snail infections (0.047 4), and the area of snail habitats submerged by floods (0.046 8). During the two-round consultation, the active coefficients of the experts were 85.00% and 100.00%, the degree of expert authority was both 0.75 and greater, and the coordination levels of experts' opinions were 0.405 to 0.521 and 0.592 to 0.695 (all P values < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: An indicator system for assessment of schistosomiasis transmission risk is successfully established after transmission interruption in Hubei Province based on the Delphi method, which provides insights into the identification of the schistosomiasis transmission risk and the targets for schistosomiasis control in Hubei Province.


Assuntos
Esquistossomose , China/epidemiologia , Ecossistema , Meio Ambiente , Inundações , Humanos , Medição de Risco , Esquistossomose/epidemiologia , Esquistossomose/prevenção & controle
12.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 35(4)2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296590

RESUMO

Disuse osteoporosis (DOP) is one of the major consequences of long space flights. DOP also occurs in patients with spinal cord injuries and prolonged bedridden states that can have a severe impact on human health. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) are multipotent stromal cells that play an important role in bone homeostasis. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in regulating osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs, and their abnormal expression might lead to the formation of orthopedic diseases. However, the specific mechanism of DOP has not yet been elucidated. All sequencing data were obtained from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) datasets. The limma package of R was applied to identify DEmRNAs and DElncRNAs. Pearson correlation coefficients (PCC) between DElncRNADEmRNA expression levels were calculated. Functional annotation was performed for DEmRNAs coexpressed with DElncRNAs. In addition, the Cytohubba plug-in in Cytoscape was applied to determine the top 10 hub genes. Finally, connectivity map (CMap) analysis was used to identify potential therapeutic drugs for DOP. The gene expression data, GSE100930 and GSE17696, were retrieved from the GEO database. A total of 2,212 differentially expressed mRNAs (DEmRNAs) and 22 differentially expressed lncRNAs (DElncRNAs) were obtained. Gene ontology (GO) functional terms, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes, and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis reveal 30 significant GO terms and 13 significant pathways. A coding-non-coding gene co-expression (CNC) network was constructed to study the potential role of hub-DElncRNAs and their co-expressed DEmRNAs in DOP. The lncRNAs, GSNAS1, SNHG12, and EPB41LA4A-AS1, were significant in the CNC network and potential regulators of DOP development. Three bioactive compounds (scoulerine, kinetin riboside, dexanabinol) with potential therapeutic significance for DOP were obtained through the Connectivity Map (CMAP) analysis. Our study revealed a new mechanism for a lineage shift of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells under microgravity, and linked the function of protein-coding mRNAs with ncRNAs, which may contribute to the development of new therapies for DOP.

13.
Bull Exp Biol Med ; 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34297293

RESUMO

To better explore the pathophysiology of FA and its therapy, we aimed to establish a simple and practicable FA model with Freund's adjuvant and introduce an easy and reliable laboratory evaluation method for assessment of inflammation in intestinal segments at different anatomical locations. BALB/c mice were sensitized with ovalbumin combined with Freund's adjuvant. Complete Freund's adjuvant was chosen for the first sensitization and two weeks later incomplete Freund's adjuvant was used for a second sensitization. Two weeks later, the sensitized mice were challenged with 50 mg ovalbumin every other day. After the 6 challenge, all mice were assessed for systemic anaphylaxis, and then sacrificed for sample collection. All sensitized mice showed anaphylactic symptoms and markedly increased levels of serum ovalbumin-specific IgE and IgG1. The activity of mast cell protease-1 (mMCPT-1) was significantly increased in the serum and interstitial fluid of the duodenum, jejunum, ileum, and colon. A successful FA model was established, of which inflammation occurred in the duodenum, jejunum, ileum, and colon. This model provides a reliable and simple tool for analysis of the mechanism of FA and methods of immunotherapy. Moreover, combined detection of ovalbumin-specific antibody and local mMCPT-1 levels could potentially be used as the major indicator for assessment of food allergy.

14.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(7): 775-780, 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289572

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the risk factors for lateral neck recurrence of central lymph node metastasis (CLMN) in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), and to construct a model to predict the recurrence. Methods: The records of 245 consecutive PTC patients with CLMN underwent surgical treatment from 1996 to 2009 in our department were retrospectively reviewed. The threshold value of CLNM number is determined by ROC curve. The risk factors for lateral neck recurrence were determined by using Cox regression model. The identified risk factors were incorporated into a nomogram model to predict the risk of lateral neck recurrence. Results: A total of 245 patients were enrolled in the study, among them, 32 cases occurred lateral neck lymph node recurrence and 4 cases were dead of thyroid carcinoma. Multivariate analysis revealed that primary tumor size, extrathyroidal extension, the number of metastatic CLNM >3 were independent risk factors of lateral neck recurrence (P<0.05), lateral neck recurrence was a risk factor of disease-free survival(P<0.05). The nomogram model of predicting the lateral neck recurrence was further established based on the above 3 independent risk factors, the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of which was 0.790. Conclusions: The nomogram model based on the independent risk factors of LN recurrence can be helpful to screen the papillary thyroid carcinoma patients with high risk of lateral neck recurrence, and provide more guidance for clinical treatment.


Assuntos
Esvaziamento Cervical , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Tireoidectomia
16.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 44(7): 611-618, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34256447

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the effectiveness, safety and management of omalizumab therapy for moderate to severe asthma in real-world clinical practice in China. Methods: This retrospective analysis involved 79 patients with moderate to severe asthma who received omalizumab therapy for at least 4 months in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from March 2018 to April 2020. All participants were between 14 to 76 years old(median 50 years),including 30 males and 49 females. Data regarding the patients' clinical manifestations, eosinophil count, fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), lung function, oral corticosteroid dosage, and adverse reactions were collected before and after treatment. Paired t-test or non-parametric paired Wilcoxon analysis was used for pairwise comparison, Mann Whitney analysis for inter-group comparison, and Chi square test or Fisher test for inter-group comparison of count data. Results: The following changes were noted after 4 months of omalizumab thearpy. The patients' Asthma Control Test (ACT) scores increased from 17.0 (13.0-19.0) to 20.0 (18.0-24.0) points (P<0.001). The frequency of acute exacerbations(AE) decreased from 1.0 (0-1.0) to 0 (0-1.0) episodes every 4 months (P<0.001). The variation rate of the peak expiratory flow (PEF) decreased from 16.5 (13.8-27.3)% to 10.4 (6.0-16.2)% (P<0.001). The percent predicted value of PEF (PEFpred%) increased from 71.7 (51.4-91.6)% to 87.5 (65.2-105.5)% (P<0.001). The percent predicted value of the forced expiratory volume in 1 second(FEV1%pred) increased from 73.6 (53.9-90.8)% to 80.6 (68.7-91.8)% (P=0.007). The maintenance dose of oral corticosteroids (OCS) decreased from 12.0 (10.0-20.0) to 5.0 (0-17.5) mg/day (P=0.001). After 4 months of treatment, the response rate of the 79 patients with asthma was 74.7%. The response rate of patients with allergic asthma (77.3%) was higher than that of patients with non-allergic asthma (25.0%) (P=0.019). Among 5 patients who completed 1 year of treatment, the ACT score, frequency of AE, PEFpred%, variation rate of PEF and OCS maintenance dose were still improved after 1 year of treatment. Adverse reactions occurred in 3 patients (3.8%), for a total of 3 (0.6%) times. Stratified analysis showed that after 4 months of treatment, the improvement in the ACT score and the decrease in the PEF variation rate among patients who reached the recommended treatment dose (full dose) [3.0 (1.0-8.0) points, 6.5 (3.5-15.8) %] were significantly higher than those among patients who did not reach the recommended treatment dose (insufficient dose) [1.0 (-0.3-3.0) points, 2.9 (1.5-5.0) %] (P<0.05). Additionally, the treatment response rate in patients with a sufficient dose (80.0%) was higher than that in patients with an insufficient dose (50.0%) (P=0.019).The main factors associated with stopping treatment within 1 year despite a response to omalizumab was economic burden (70.3%), followed by satisfactory improvement by self-evaluation (21.9%) and less improvement in symptoms than expected (7.8%). Conclusion: Omalizumab was an effective treatment for moderate to severe allergic asthma with few adverse effects. The response rate was higher when the recommended injection dose was achieved. Financial difficulty was the main reason for stopping treatment within 1 year despite a good therapeutic response.


Assuntos
Antiasmáticos , Asma , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antiasmáticos/uso terapêutico , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Omalizumab/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34256489

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of allergic rhinitis (AR) in 3 central cities (Chifeng, Hohhot, Ordos) and the surrounding rural areas of Inner Mongolia region, and to look for possible risk factors related to the disease. Methods: From March to October of 2019, a multi-stage stratified random sampling epidemiological survey was conducted in Chifeng, Hohhot, Ordos and rural areas. The AR-related factors of the population were obtained in the form of face-to-face questionnaire survey, and the skin prick test (SPT) was taken for the participants. AR disease was diagnosed according to the "Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Allergic Rhinitis (2015, Tianjin)". The daily airborne pollen situation in the three regions was monitored during the same period. SPSS 23.0 was used to analyze all survey results. Results: A total of 6 818 questionnaires were recovered, with 6 393 valid questionnaires. The self-reported prevalence of AR was 27.72% (1 772/6 393) and the confirmed prevalence of AR was 17.10% (1 093/6 393). The prevalence of perennial AR was 1.83% (117/6 393) while the prevalence of seasonal AR was 15.27% (976/6 393). The prevalence of AR diagnosed in females was higher than that in males (19.19% vs 15.34%, χ²=16.594, P<0.001) and the prevalence of females in the two age groups of 36-45 years and 46-55 years was significantly higher than that of males (18.17% vs 9.73%, 14.13% vs 7.25%, χ2 value was 23.848, 18.772, respectively, all P<0.001). The prevalence of confirmed diagnoses in ethnic minorities was higher than that of Han nationality, and the prevalence of confirmed diagnoses in urban areas was higher than that in rural areas (23.13% vs 16.20%, 27.27% vs 9.71%, χ2 value was 24.516, 336.024, respectively, all P<0.001). The main nasal symptoms of AR patients were sneezing (91.31%), nasal congestion (85.91%) and nasal itching (85.00%). The most common concomitant disease of AR was allergic conjunctivitis (73.99%). Asthma (OR=6.629), food allergy (OR=3.236), drug allergy (OR=1.786), application of antibiotics (OR=1.553), recent home decoration (OR=2.307), and smoking (OR=1.322) were the AR related risk factors. The highest proportion of SPT positive reactions was Artemisia annua (80.15%). The peak period of clinical symptoms of AR patients in Inner Mongolia region was July to September, which was consistent with the second peak period of airborne pollen monitoring. Conclusions: The prevalence of AR in central cities and the surrounding rural areas of Inner Mongolia region is 17.10%, and Artemisia species is the most important pollen allergen in this area. History of asthma, food allergy, drug allergy, antibiotic use, home decoration and smoking history are the related risk factors for AR.


Assuntos
Rinite Alérgica Sazonal , Rinite Alérgica , Adulto , Alérgenos , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pólen , Prevalência , Rinite Alérgica/epidemiologia , Urbanização
19.
J Environ Manage ; 297: 113303, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293670

RESUMO

Virtual water is an important indicator measuring the amount of water needed from the perspective of consumption, which can help decision makers to identify desired system design and optimal management strategy against water resources shortage. In this study, a novel model named as factorial ecologically-extended input-output model (abbreviated as FEIOM) is developed for virtual water management. FEIOM integrates techniques of input-output model (IOM), ecological network analysis (ENA) and factorial analysis (FA) into a general framework. It is effective to evaluate the virtual water flows, reveal ecological inter-connections in virtual water system (VWS), and identify key water consumption sectors that have significant individual and interactive effects on VWS's performance. FEIOM is then applied to identifying optimal virtual water management strategies for Kazakhstan in Central Asia. The main findings are: (i) Kazakhstan is a net importer of virtual water (reaching up to 46.0 × 109 m3), demonstrating that the national economic structure is reasonable, which can abate the national water scarcity and improve its eco-environmental protection; (ii) the virtual water of agricultural sector is net exporter, where vegetables, fruits and nuts occupy 86% of the total agricultural exports; the massive export of water-intensive products further squeezes the water for other users; (iii) the key factors affecting the national VWS are agriculture > primary manufacturing > advanced manufacturing > services. Therefore, from solving water resources shortage and facilitating sustainable development perspectives, Kazakhstan should stimulate the domestic primary manufacturing productions and improve agriculture and advanced manufacturing water-use efficiencies.

20.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 37(7): 675-680, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34304410

RESUMO

Sepsis remains a leading cause of death in critical patients. Both excessive inflammatory response and long-term immunosuppression can lead to the death of sepsis patients. As a key pro-inflammatory cytokine, interleukin-17 (IL-17) plays an important role in the body's inflammatory response and immune system. The signal transduction of IL-17 is a key link in maintaining the body's health and participating in the onset and development of sepsis. This review mainly summarizes and discusses the regulation of IL-17 signal transduction and pathogenic and protective role of IL-17 in sepsis.


Assuntos
Interleucina-17 , Sepse , Citocinas , Humanos , Transdução de Sinais
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