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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34822327

RESUMO

Low Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound (LIPUS) accelerates fracture healing by stimulating the production of bone callus and the mineralization process. This study compared a novel Bimodal Acoustic Signal (BMAS) device for bone fracture healing to a clinical LIPUS system (EXOGEN; Bioventus, Durham, NC, USA). Thirty rabbits underwent a bilateral fibular osteotomy. Each rabbits' legs were randomized to receive 20 minutes treatment daily for 18 days with BMAS or LIPUS. The latter utilizes a longitudinal ultrasonic mode only, while the former employs ultrasound-induced shear stress to promote bone formation. Power Doppler Imaging (PDI) was acquired days 0, 2, 4, 7, 11, 14 and 18 post-surgery to monitor treatment response and quantified off-line. X-rays were acquired to evaluate fractures on days 0, 14, 18 and 21. Seventeen rabbits completed the study and were euthanized day 21 post-surgery. The fibulae were analyzed to determine maximum torque, initial torsional stiffness, and angular displacement at failure. ANOVAs and paired t-tests were used to compare pair-wise outcome variables for the two treatment modes on a per rabbit basis. The BMAS system induced better fracture healing with greater stiffness (BMAS 0.21 ± 0.19 vs. LIPUS 0.16 ± 0.19 Ncm/deg, p=0.050) and maximum torque (BMAS 7.84 ± 5.55 vs. LIPUS 6.26 ± 3.46 Ncm, p=0.022) than the LIPUS system. Quantitative PDI assessments showed a higher amount of vascularity with LIPUS than BMAS on days 4 and 18 (p<0.04). In conclusion, the novel BMAS technique achieved better bone fracture healing response than the current FDA-approved LIPUS system.

2.
Hereditas ; 158(1): 44, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758879

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related death worldwide due to its high degree of malignancy, high incidence, and low survival rate. However, the underlying mechanisms of hepatocarcinogenesis remain unclear. Long non coding RNA (lncRNA) has been shown as a novel type of RNA. lncRNA by acting as ceRNA can participate in various biological processes of HCC cells, such as tumor cell proliferation, migration, invasion, apoptosis and drug resistance by regulating downstream target gene expression and cancer-related signaling pathways. Meanwhile, lncRNA can predict the efficacy of treatment strategies for HCC and serve as a potential target for the diagnosis and treatment of HCC. Therefore, lncRNA serving as ceRNA may become a vital candidate biomarker for clinical diagnosis and treatment. In this review, the epidemiology of HCC, including morbidity, mortality, regional distribution, risk factors, and current treatment advances, was briefly discussed, and some biological functions of lncRNA in HCC were summarized with emphasis on the molecular mechanism and clinical application of lncRNA-mediated ceRNA regulatory network in HCC. This paper can contribute to the better understanding of the mechanism of the influence of lncRNA-mediated ceRNA networks (ceRNETs) on HCC and provide directions and strategies for future studies.

3.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643782

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe changes in contrast agent kinetics in HCC following incomplete trans-arterial chemoembolization (TACE) on contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and MRI/CT. METHODS: Patients with residual HCC proven by biopsy, retreatment angiography, or 4-8 month MRI demonstrating tumor progression were identified. Pre-treatment and 4-6-week follow-up CE-MRI/CT and CEUS exams were collected for blinded reads by two experienced readers for each modality to evaluate arterial phase hyper-enhancement (APHE) and washout within the residual HCC. A third reader provided tie-breaking decisions for any disagreements. RESULTS: Contrast-enhanced imaging data were collected from 29 patients with residual HCC post-TACE. On CEUS, 84.2% of patients with baseline APHE demonstrated APHE post-TACE (p = 0.25). On CE-MRI/CT, 57.1% of patients with baseline APHE later demonstrated APHE (p = 0.004). As for washout, on CEUS 33.3% of patients with baseline washout retained washout post-TACE (p = 0.01), while on CE-MRI/CT only 18.8% of patients with baseline washout later demonstrated washout (p < 0.001). Among CEUS readers, reader agreement was 100% for baseline APHE, 66.7% for baseline washout (K = 0.35), 84.2% for post-TACE APHE (K = 0.35), and 57.9% for post-TACE washout (K = - 0.09). On CE-MRI/CT, reader agreement was 65.5% for baseline APHE (K = 0.19), 55.2% for baseline washout (K = 0.12), 48.3% for post-TACE APHE (K = - 0.07), and 58.6% for post-TACE washout (K = 0.04). CONCLUSION: Common diagnostic features of treatment-naïve HCC like APHE and washout can be substantially altered by TACE and should be considered when diagnosing residual disease on contrast-enhanced imaging.

5.
J Transl Med ; 19(1): 400, 2021 09 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34551785

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are key regulators in the processes of tumor initiation, progression, and recurrence. The mechanism that maintains their stemness remains enigmatic, although the role of several long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) has been highlighted in the pancreatic cancer stem cells (PCSCs). In this study, we first established that PCSCs overexpressing lncRNA NORAD, and then investigated the effects of NORAD on the maintenance of PCSC stemness. METHODS: Expression of lncRNA NORAD, miR-202-5p and ANP32E in PC tissues and cell lines was quantified after RNA isolation. Dual-luciferase reporter assay, RNA pull-down and RIP assays were performed to verify the interactions among NORAD, miR-202-5p and ANP32E. We then carried out gain- and loss-of function of miR-202-5p, ANP32E and NORAD in PANC-1 cell line, followed by measurement of the aldehyde dehydrogenase activity, cell viability, apoptosis, cell cycle distribution, colony formation, self-renewal ability and tumorigenicity of PC cells. RESULTS: LncRNA NORAD and ANP32E were upregulated in PC tissues and cells, whereas the miR-202-5p level was down-regulated. LncRNA NORAD competitively bound to miR-202-5p, and promoted the expression of the miR-202-5p target gene ANP32E thereby promoting PC cell viability, proliferation, and self-renewal ability in vitro, as well as facilitating tumorigenesis of PCSCs in vivo. CONCLUSION: Overall, lncRNA NORAD upregulates ANP32E expression by competitively binding to miR-202-5, which accelerates the proliferation and self-renewal of PCSCs.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , RNA Longo não Codificante , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Chaperonas Moleculares , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética
6.
Mol Ther Oncolytics ; 22: 326-335, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34553022

RESUMO

Drug resistance is a key factor in the treatment failure of clinical non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients after adjuvant chemotherapy. Here, our results provide the first evidence that eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2b subunit delta (EIF2B4)-Stratifin (SFN) fusion and increased SFN expression are associated with chemotherapy tolerance and activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase/v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene (PI3K/Akt) signaling pathway in NSCLC patients, suggesting that SFN might have potential prognostic value as a tumor biomarker for the prognosis of patients with NSCLC.

7.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 20: 15330338211041191, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520284

RESUMO

Lung cancer is listed as the most common reason for cancer-related death all over the world despite diagnostic improvements and the development of chemotherapy and targeted therapies. MicroRNAs control both physiological and pathological processes including development and cancer. A microRNA-9 to 1 (miR-9 to 1) overexpression model in lung cancer cell lines was established and miR-9 to 1 was found to significantly suppress the proliferation rate in lung cancer cell lines, colony formation in vitro, and tumorigenicity in nude mice of A549 cells. Ubiquitin-like containing PHD and RING finger domains 1 (UHRF1) was then identified to direct target of miR-9 to 1. The inhibition of UHRF1 by miR-9 to 1 causes G1 arrest and p15, p16, and p21 were re-expressed in miR-9 to 1 group in mRNA level and protein level. Silence of UHRF1 expression in A549 cells resulted in the similar re-expression of p15, p16, p21 which is similar with miR-9 to 1 infection. Therefore, we concluded that UHRF1 is a new target for miR-9 to 1 to suppress cell proliferation by re-expression of tumor suppressors p15, p16, and p21 mediated by UHRF1.

8.
Cell Death Discov ; 7(1): 224, 2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455417

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a heterogeneous tumor with an increased incidence worldwide accompanied by high mortality and dismal prognosis. Emerging evidence indicates that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs)-derived exosomes possess protective effects against various human diseases by transporting microRNAs (miRNAs or miRs). We aimed to explore the role of exosomal miR-15a derived from MSCs and its related mechanisms in HCC. Exosomes were isolated from transduced MSCs and co-incubated with Hep3B and Huh7 cells. miR-15a expression was examined by RT-qPCR in HCC cells, MSCs, and secreted exosomes. CCK-8, transwell, and flow cytometry were used to detect the effects of miR-15a or spalt-like transcription factor 4 (SALL4) on cell proliferative, migrating, invasive, and apoptotic properties. A dual-luciferase reporter gene assay was performed to validate the predicted targeting relationship of miR-15a with SALL4. Finally, in vivo experiments in nude mice were implemented to assess the impact of exosome-delivered miR-15a on HCC. The exosomes from MSCs restrained HCC cell proliferative, migrating, and invasive potentials, and accelerated their apoptosis. miR-15a was expressed at low levels in HCC cells and could bind to SALL4, thus curtailing the proliferative, migrating, and invasive abilities of HCC cells. Exosomes successfully delivered miR-15a to HCC cells. Exosomal miR-15a depressed tumorigenicity and metastasis of HCC tumors in vivo. Overall, exosomal miR-15a from MSCs can downregulate SALL4 expression and thereby retard HCC development.

9.
Ultrason Imaging ; 43(6): 329-336, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34416827

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate an artificial intelligence (AI) system for the classification of axillary lymph nodes on ultrasound compared to radiologists. Ultrasound images of 317 axillary lymph nodes from patients referred for ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration or core needle biopsy and corresponding pathology findings were collected. Lymph nodes were classified into benign and malignant groups with histopathological result serving as the reference. Google Cloud AutoML Vision (Mountain View, CA) was used for AI image classification. Three experienced radiologists also classified the images and gave a level of suspicion score (1-5). To test the accuracy of AI, an external testing dataset of 64 images from 64 independent patients was evaluated by three AI models and the three readers. The diagnostic performance of AI and the humans were then quantified using receiver operating characteristics curves. In the complete set of 317 images, AutoML achieved a sensitivity of 77.1%, positive predictive value (PPV) of 77.1%, and an area under the precision recall curve of 0.78, while the three radiologists showed a sensitivity of 87.8% ± 8.5%, specificity of 50.3% ± 16.4%, PPV of 61.1% ± 5.4%, negative predictive value (NPV) of 84.1% ± 6.6%, and accuracy of 67.7% ± 5.7%. In the three external independent test sets, AI and human readers achieved sensitivity of 74.0% ± 0.14% versus 89.9% ± 0.06% (p = .25), specificity of 64.4% ± 0.11% versus 50.1 ± 0.20% (p = .22), PPV of 68.3% ± 0.04% versus 65.4 ± 0.07% (p = .50), NPV of 72.6% ± 0.11% versus 82.1% ± 0.08% (p = .33), and accuracy of 69.5% ± 0.06% versus 70.1% ± 0.07% (p = .90), respectively. These preliminary results indicate AI has comparable performance to trained radiologists and could be used to predict the presence of metastasis in ultrasound images of axillary lymph nodes.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Neoplasias da Mama , Axila , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Metástase Linfática , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
10.
Carcinogenesis ; 42(11): 1305-1313, 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34313732

RESUMO

Circular RNA (circRNA) is a large class of covalently closed circRNA. As a member of competitive endogenous RNA, it participates in the regulation of circRNA-miRNA-mRNA network and plays an important role in the regulation of physiology and pathology. CircRNA is produced by the reverse splicing of exon, intron or both, forming exon or intron circRNA. Studies have shown that circRNA is a ubiquitous molecule, which exceeds the linear mRNA distributed in human cells. Because of its covalent closed-loop structure, circRNA is resistant to RNase R, which is more stable than linear mRNA; circRNA is highly conserved in different species. It was found that circRNA competitively adsorbs miRNA, as a miRNA sponge, to involve in the expression regulation of a variety of genes and plays an important role in tumor development, invasion, metastasis and other processes. These molecules offer new potential opportunities for therapeutic intervention and serve as biomarkers for diagnosis. In this paper, the origin, characteristics and functions of circRNA and its role in tumor development, invasion and metastasis, diagnosis and prognosis are reviewed.

11.
Am J Cancer Res ; 11(6): 2386-2400, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34249406

RESUMO

Chemotherapy is one of the main treatments for cancer, especially for advanced cancer patients. In the past decade, significant progress has been made with the research into the molecular mechanisms of cancer cells and the precision medicine. The treatment on cancer patients has gradually changed from cytotoxic chemotherapy to precise treatment strategy. Research into anticancer drugs has also changed from killing effects on all cells to targeting drugs for target genes. Besides, researchers have developed the understanding of the abnormal physiological function, related genomics, epigenetics, and proteomics of cancer cells with cancer genome sequencing, epigenetic research, and proteomic research. These technologies and related research have accelerated the development of related cancer drugs. In this review, we summarize the research progress of anticancer drugs, the current challenges, and future opportunities.

12.
Cancer Manag Res ; 13: 5063-5075, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234551

RESUMO

Introduction: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a liver cancer with a poor prognosis. Owing to the complexity and limited pathogenic mechanism research on HCC, the molecular targeted therapy has been hindered. Methods: In this study, we categorized transcriptome data into low-Myc and high-Myc expression groups in 365 HCC samples, screened the differentially expressed RNAs, including 441 DE-lncRNAs, 99 DE-miRNAs and 612 DE-mRNAs, constructed a lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA regulatory network, and selected a hub triple regulatory network through cytoHubba analysis. Through Gene ontology and KEGG pathway, a hub regulatory network was particularly enriched in the "Wnt signaling pathway" and "Cytochrome P450-arranged by substrate type" by Metascape. The prognostic genes in the hub regulatory network were evaluated by the RNA expression analysis, Kaplan-Meier (KM) survival analysis, and correlation analysis. Results: The results showed that miR-212-3p/SLC6A1 axis was a potential prognostic model for HCC. Furthermore, IHC analysis showed down-regulated expression of SLC6A1 in HCC tissues and Alb-Cre;Myc mouse liver cancer tissues. The genetics and epigenetic analysis indicated that SLC6A1 expression was negatively correlated with DNA methylation. Immune infiltration analysis showed a negative relation between SLC6A1 and T cell exhaustion/monocyte in liver cancer tissues. Conclusion: In summary, the study revealed that miR-212-3p/SLC6A1 axis could serve as a crucial therapeutic target for HCC.

13.
Curr Med Chem ; 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238143

RESUMO

This review describes how phase-changeable nanoparticles enable highly efficient high-intensity focused ultrasound ablation (HIFU). HIFU is effective in the clinical treatment of solid malignant tumors. However, it has intrinsic disadvantages for treating some deep lesions, such as damage to surrounding normal tissues. When phase-changeable nanoparticles are used in HIFU treatment, they could serve as good synergistic agents because they are transported in the blood and permeated and accumulated effectively in tissues. HIFU's thermal effects can trigger nanoparticles to undergo a special phase transition, thus enhancing HIFU ablation efficiency. Nanoparticles can also carry anticancer agents and release them in the targeted area to achieve chemo-synergistic therapy response. Although the formation of nanoparticles is complicated and HIFU applications are still in an early stage, the potential for their use in synergy with HIFU treatment shows promising results.

14.
Cell Signal ; 86: 110076, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34245861

RESUMO

Protein disulfide isomerase (PDI), a principal endoplasmic reticulum resident oxidoreductase chaperone, is known to play a role in malignancies. This study aims to explore the molecular mechanism by which PDI regulates endoplasmic reticulum stress and the apoptosis signaling pathway in colorectal cancer (CRC). We determined the expression of PDI in CRC tissues and adjacent normal tissues. Gain- and loss- of function assays were conducted to evaluate the effects of PDI on oxidative stress, endoplasmic reticulum stress, and apoptosis in CRC cells, as reflected by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) level and the expression of related proteins. PDI protein expression was upregulated in CRC tissues. Small molecule inhibitor of PDI or PDI knockdown reduced CRC cell viability and induced apoptosis. Overexpression of wild-type PDI augmented the viability of CRC cells and inhibited endoplasmic reticulum stress response and apoptosis. Small molecule inhibitor of PDI or PDI knockdown increased intracellular H2O2 level and activated apoptosis signaling pathway, which could be reversed by wild-type PDI restoration. Moreover, the catalytic active site of C-terminal of PDI was found to be indispensable for the regulatory effects of PDI on H2O2 levels, apoptosis and cell viability in CRC cells. Collectively, PDI inhibits endoplasmic reticulum stress and apoptosis of CRC cells through its oxidoreductase activity, thereby promoting the malignancy of CRC.

15.
Mol Ther Oncolytics ; 21: 255-263, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34095463

RESUMO

Cancer accounted for 16% of all death worldwide in 2018. Significant progress has been made in understanding tumor occurrence, progression, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis at the molecular level. However, genomics changes cannot truly reflect the state of protein activity in the body due to the poor correlation between genes and proteins. Quantitative proteomics, capable of quantifying the relatively different protein abundance in cancer patients, has been increasingly adopted in cancer research. Quantitative proteomics has great application potentials, including cancer diagnosis, personalized therapeutic drug selection, real-time therapeutic effects and toxicity evaluation, prognosis and drug resistance evaluation, and new therapeutic target discovery. In this review, the development, testing samples, and detection methods of quantitative proteomics are introduced. The biomarkers identified by quantitative proteomics for clinical diagnosis, prognosis, and drug resistance are reviewed. The challenges and prospects of quantitative proteomics for personalized medicine are also discussed.

16.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 24: 1033-1050, 2021 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34141458

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains an extremely lethal disease worldwide. High-throughput methods have revealed global transcriptome dysregulation; however, a comprehensive investigation of the complexity and behavioral characteristics of the competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network in HCC is lacking. In this study, we extracted the transcriptome (RNA) sequencing data of 371 HCC patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas platform. With the comparison of the high Myc expression (Mychigh) tumor and low Myc expression (Myclow) tumor groups in HCC, we identified 1,125 differentially expressed (DE) mRNAs, 589 long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), and 93 microRNAs (miRNAs). DE RNAs predicted the interactions necessary to construct an associated Myc ceRNA network, including 19 DE lncRNAs, 5 miRNAs, and 72 mRNAs. We identified a significant signature (long intergenic non-protein-coding [LINC] RNA 2691 [LINC02691] and LINC02499) that effectively predicted overall survival and had protective effects. The target genes of microRNA (miR)-212-3p predicted to intersect with DE mRNAs included SEC14-like protein 2 (SEC14L2) and solute carrier family 6 member 1 (SLC6A1), which were strongly correlated with survival and prognosis. With the use of the lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA axis, we constructed a ceRNA network containing four lncRNAs (LINC02691, LINC02499, LINC01354, and NAV2 antisense RNA 4), one miRNA (miR-212-3p), and two mRNAs (SEC14L2 and SLC6A1). Overall, we successfully constructed a mutually regulated ceRNA network and identified potential precision-targeted therapies and prognostic biomarkers.

17.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 47(9): 2523-2531, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34130880

RESUMO

Conventional cross-sectional imaging done shortly after radioembolization of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) does not reliably predict long-term response to treatment. This study evaluated whether quantitative contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) can predict the long-term response of HCC to yttrium-90 (Y-90) treatment. Fifteen patients underwent CEUS at three time points: immediately following treatment and 1 and 2 wk post-treatment. Response 3-6 mo after treatment was categorized on contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging by two experienced radiologists using the Modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors. CEUS data were analyzed by quantifying tumor perfusion and residual fractional vascularity using time-intensity curves. Patients with stable disease on magnetic resonance imaging had significantly greater fractional vascularity 2 wk post-treatment (65.15%) than those with partial or complete response (13.8 ± 9.9%, p = 0.007, and 14.9 ± 15.4%, p = 0.009, respectively). Complete responders had lower tumor vascularity at 2 wk than at post-operative examination (-38.3 ± 15.4%, p = 0.045). Thus, this pilot study suggests CEUS may provide an earlier indication of Y-90 treatment response than cross-sectional imaging.

18.
Acta Biomater ; 130: 385-394, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34082100

RESUMO

Ultrasound imaging presents many positive attributes, including safety, real-time imaging, universal accessibility, and cost. However, inherent difficulties in discrimination between soft tissues and tumors prompted development of stabilized microbubble contrast agents. This presents the opportunity to develop agents in which drug is entrapped in the microbubble shell. We describe preparation and characterization of theranostic poly(lactide) (PLA) and pegylated PLA (PEG-PLA) shelled microbubbles that entrap gemcitabine, a commonly used drug for pancreatic cancer (PDAC). Entrapping 6 wt% gemcitabine did not significantly affect drug activity, microbubble morphology, or ultrasound contrast activity compared with unmodified microbubbles. In vitro microbubble concentrations yielding ≥ 500nM entrapped gemcitabine were needed for complete cell death in MIA PaCa-2 PDAC drug sensitivity assays, compared with 62.5 nM free gemcitabine. In vivo administration of gemcitabine-loaded microbubbles to xenograft MIA PaCa-2 PDAC tumors in athymic mice was well tolerated and provided substantial tumoral image enhancement before and after destructive ultrasound pulses. However, no significant differences in tumor growth were observed among treatment groups, in keeping with the in vitro observation that much higher doses of gemcitabine are required to mirror free gemcitabine activity. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: The preliminary results shown here are encouraging and support further investigation into increased gemcitabine loading. Encapsulation of gemcitabine within polylactic acid (PLA) microbubbles does not damage its activity towards pancreatic cancer (pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, PDAC) cells. Excellent imaging and evidence of penetration into the highly desmoplastic PDAC tumors is demonstrated. Microbubble destruction was confirmed in vivo, showing that elevated mechanical index shatters the microbubbles for enhanced delivery. The potential to slow PDAC growth in vivo is shown, but higher gemcitabine concentrations are required. Current efforts are directed at increasing drug loading by inclusion of drug-carrying nanoparticles for effective in vivo treatment.


Assuntos
Microbolhas , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Camundongos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Ultrassonografia
19.
J Ultrasound Med ; 2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34101877

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Small intestinal ischemia is a challenging diagnosis to make, even with the combination of imaging, laboratory analysis, and physical exam. This pilot study investigated the role of CEUS in evaluating small bowel wall vascularity in participants with suspected ischemia. METHODS: In this IRB-approved pilot study, CEUS using perflutren lipid microspheres (DEFINITY®; Lantheus Medical Imaging Inc., N. Billerica, MA) was performed on participants determined by the clinical surgical team to have concerns for small intestinal ischemia. CEUS interpretations were performed at both the bedside and later by a blinded radiologist and compared to clinical imaging, surgical findings, or long-term clinical outcomes. RESULTS: Fifteen CEUS examinations were performed on 14 participants. Five of the participants underwent exploratory laparotomy. Of these, one had small intestinal ischemia (without necrosis). Point of care CEUS demonstrated no evidence of bowel necrosis in any case, and delayed enhancement (indicative of intestinal ischemia) in three cases, resulting in a sensitivity of 100% (95% CI 2.5-100%) and specificity of 85.7% (95% CI 57.2-98.2%). CEUS correctly ruled out ischemia in 91.7% of cases with CT suspicion of small bowel obstruction and 60% of cases that underwent surgical intervention. Additionally, the rate of agreement between bedside interpretation and later radiologist read was high (93%). CONCLUSIONS: CEUS is uniquely positioned for evaluating the small intestine, because of its high temporal resolution and immediacy of results. Combined with multi-sectional imaging for focal areas of ischemia and/or clinical suspicion for pan ischemia, CEUS may be a useful rule out test for small intestinal ischemia.

20.
Mol Ther Oncolytics ; 21: 171-182, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33997273

RESUMO

The present study aimed to define the tumor-suppressive role of microRNA-499 (miR-499) in lung cancer cells and its underlying mechanism. First, qRT-PCR analysis revealed poor expression of miR-499 in clinical samples and cell lines of lung cancer. Next, we performed loss- and gain-of-function experiments for the expression of miR-499 in lung cancer cells exposed to irradiation (IR) to determine the effect of miR-499 expression on cell viability and apoptosis as well as tumor growth. Results showed that overexpression of miR-499 inhibited cell viability, enhanced the radiosensitivity of lung cancer cells, and promoted cell apoptosis under IR. Furthermore, CK2α was verified to be a target of miR-499, and miR-499 was identified to repress p65 phosphorylation by downregulating CK2α expression, which ultimately diminished the survival rate of lung cancer cells under IR. Collectively, the key findings of the study illustrate the tumor-inhibiting function of miR-499 and confirmed that miR-499-mediated CK2α inhibition and altered p65 phosphorylation enhances the sensitivity of lung cancer cells to IR.

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