Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 11 de 11
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-10, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31791147

RESUMO

Various bioactive polyketides have been found in Aloe barbadensis. However, the polyketide synthases (PKSs), which participate in biosynthesis of polyketides in A. barbadensis remain unknown. In this study, two type III PKSs (AbPKS1 and AbPKS2) were identified from A. barbadensis. AbPKS1 and AbPKS2 were able to utilize malonyl-CoA to yield heptaketides (TW93a and aloesone) and octaketides (SEK4 and SEK4b), respectively. AbPKS1 also exhibited catalytic promiscuity in recognizing CoA thioesters of aromatics to produce unusual polyketides. What Is more, a whole cell biocatalysis system with the capability of producing 26.4 mg/L of SEK4/SEK4b and 2.1 mg/L of aloesone was successfully established.

2.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738087

RESUMO

Bistachybotrysin K (1), one new phenylspirodrimane dimer with a central 6/7 oxygen heterocycle core, was isolated from the fungus Stachybotrys chartarum CGMCC 3.5365. Its structure was elucidated by extensive spectroscopic data and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Compound 1 showed significant cytotoxicity against human tumor cell lines HCT116, NCI-H460, BGC823, Daoy, and HepG2 with IC50 values in the range of 1.1-4.7 µM.

3.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 21(9): 887-894, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30614271

RESUMO

Three new phenylspirodrimanes derivatives named stachybotrysins H and I (1 and 2) and stachybotrin E (3), together with one known compound stachybotrylactam (4), were isolated from Stachybotrys chartarum CGMCC 3.5365. Their structures were determined by extensive NMR data and mass spectroscopic analysis. Compounds 1 and 2 showed inhibitory effect towards potassium channel Kv1.3 with IC50 values of 13.4 and 10.9 µM, respectively.


Assuntos
Canal de Potássio Kv1.3/antagonistas & inibidores , Compostos de Espiro/química , Stachybotrys/química , Animais , Células CHO , Linhagem Celular , Cricetinae , Cricetulus
4.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 20(7): 605-614, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29989425

RESUMO

Glucuronidation is an important and popular metabolic reaction in vivo of drugs. The further evaluation of biological activity and toxicity of glucuronides is necessary in the course of the drug research and development. However, the synthesis of glucuronides is limited by the lack of efficient approach. Herein, we have developed a new glucuronide synthesis method using plant uridine diphosphate-dependent glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs), UGT88D4, UGT88D7, and EpGT8, enabling the convenient preparation for corresponding O-glucuronide metabolites (1a, 2a, 3a, and 3b) in milligram scale of two neurological active agents, IMM-H004 (1) and FLZ (2). Their structures were characterized by spectroscopic data analyses.


Assuntos
Glucuronídeos/síntese química , Glucuronosiltransferase/metabolismo , Plantas/enzimologia , Clonagem Molecular , Glucuronosiltransferase/química , Glucuronosiltransferase/genética , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Metais/química , Estrutura Molecular , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Temperatura Ambiente
5.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 20(9): 844-851, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29119831

RESUMO

Two new lanostane triterpenoids (1 and 2), two new ergostane-type steroids (3 and 4) together with two known lanostane triterpenoids (5 and 6) and one known steroid (7) were isolated from the cultured mycelia of Ganoderma capense (CGMCC 5.71). Their structures were determined on the basis of extensive spectroscopic (HRESIMS, 1D NMR, 2D NMR) data analyses. Compound 1 exhibited moderate cytotoxic activity against the human cancer cell line NCI-H1650 with an IC50 value of 22.3 µM, and 7 displayed cytotoxic activity against the human cancer cell line HCT116 with an IC50 value of 17.4 µM. In addition, compounds 2, 3, 5, and 6 displayed weak anti-HIV activity with IC50 values of 23.5, 46.7, 21.6, and 30.1 µM, respectively.


Assuntos
Ganoderma/química , Micélio/química , Esteroides/química , Triterpenos/química , Ganoderma/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular , Micélio/metabolismo , Esteroides/metabolismo
6.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 19(6): 541-549, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28395517

RESUMO

Five monoterpenoids were isolated from the endophytic fungus Periconia sp. F-31, including three new carene-type monoterpenoids, 2-carene-5,8-diol (1), 2-carene-8,10-diol (2), 2-carene-8-acetamide (3), one new menthene-type monoterpenoid 8-hydroxy-1,7-expoxy-2-menthene (4), and one known monoterpenoid anethofuran (5). The structures of all compounds were elucidated based on a comprehensive spectroscopic data analysis, electronic circular dichroism (ECD), and calculated ECD.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Ascomicetos/química , Monoterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Dicroísmo Circular , Cristalografia por Raios X , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Estrutura Molecular , Monoterpenos/química , Monoterpenos/farmacologia , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular
7.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 19(10): 1028-1035, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28145126

RESUMO

A new steroid glucoside (1), along with nine known steroids (2-10) and four known sorbicillinoids (11-14), were isolated from the endophytic fungus Trichoderma sp. Xy24. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data analyses and by comparison with reported data. Compounds 3, 5-7, 9, 10, and 13 exhibited significant inhibitory effects on HIV-1 virus with IC50 values ranging 1.9-9.3 µM; compounds 10, 13, and 14 showed potent inhibitory activity on LPS-induced NO production in BV2 microglia cells with inhibitory rates of 108.2, 100, and 75.1% at 10 µM, respectively. In addition, compound 10 displayed moderate cytotoxicity against BCG823 and HePG2 cell lines with IC50 values of 11.1 and 17.7 µM, respectively.


Assuntos
Glucosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Esteroides/isolamento & purificação , Esteroides/farmacologia , Trichoderma/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Glucosídeos/química , Células HCT116 , HIV-1/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Estrutura Molecular , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular , Paclitaxel/farmacologia , Esteroides/química
8.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 19(7): 651-658, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27835936

RESUMO

Three new sesquiterpenoids trichoacorenols B-C and cyclonerodiol B (1-3), along with three known ones (4-6), were isolated from the mangrove plant endophytic fungus Trichoderma sp. Xy24 using various column chromatography techniques. The structures of these compounds were determined on the basis of extensive spectroscopic data analyses. Compounds 1, 2, 4, and 5 were four acorane sesquiterpenes, 3 and 6 were two monocyclic sesquiterpenediols. Compounds 3 and 5 exhibited significant neural anti-inflammatory activity by inhibiting LPS-induced NO production in BV2 cells with the inhibitory rates of 75.0% and 39.2% at 0.1 µM, respectively, which are more potent than curcumin, a positive control with the inhibitory rate of 21.1% at 0.1 µM.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Trichoderma/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Curcumina/farmacologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Rhizophoraceae/microbiologia , Sesquiterpenos/química
9.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 18(3): 253-9, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26465203

RESUMO

Two new flavonoids (1 and 2), along with 14 known ones (3-16), were isolated from the cultured cells of Glycyrrhiza uralensis. Most of them were prenylated flavonoids. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data analysis. All compounds showed non-cytotoxicity against five human tumor cell lines. The results suggest that plant cultured cells can yield the secondary metabolites that have not been found in parent plant.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação , Glycyrrhiza uralensis/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Células Cultivadas , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 40(12): 2349-51, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26591523

RESUMO

To investigate the secondary metabolites of endophytic fungi Pericinia sp. F-31. Column chromatography on silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 and semi-preparative HPLC were used to separate and purify the compounds. Two compounds were isolated from the fermentation broth of Periconia sp. Their structures were identified as 5-(1-hydroxyhexyl) -6-methyl-2H-pyran-2-one (1) and 2-(3-hydroxy-4-methylphenyl) -propanoic acid (2). Compound 1 was a new lactone compound, compound 2 was new natural product, and the NMR data of compound 2 was reported for the first time.


Assuntos
Annona/microbiologia , Ascomicetos/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/isolamento & purificação , Endófitos/metabolismo , Lactonas/química , Lactonas/isolamento & purificação , Ascomicetos/química , Ascomicetos/genética , Ascomicetos/isolamento & purificação , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/metabolismo , Endófitos/química , Endófitos/genética , Endófitos/isolamento & purificação , Lactonas/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas , Estrutura Molecular
11.
Yi Chuan ; 27(3): 382-286, 2005 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15985401

RESUMO

The Xa21 gene previously cloned from the wild rice species Oryzae longistaminata confers broad-spectrum resistance to rice leaf blight caused by different strains of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae. Here we attempted to determine the existence of Xa21 homologs in other wild rice species and rice cultivars and the sequence differences between the homologs. We synthesized specific primers based on the reported Xa21 sequence to amplify homologs of the gene exon II from several rice cultivars and three wild rice species in Yunnan Province, China. The fragments cloned from various types of O. rufipogon Griff from Jinghong and Yuanjiang, Yunnan Province, were highly homologous to the reported Xa21 gene exon II. However, the fragment was not found in O. officinalis Wall. and O. meyeriana Baill. Sequence analysis suggested that differences in nucleotides were located randomly in the fragments we cloned.


Assuntos
Oryza , Proteínas de Plantas , China , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Oryza/genética , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Análise de Sequência , Xanthomonas
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA