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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580011

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Main vessel (MV) stent deformation and overstretch caused by classical kissing balloon inflation (C-KBI) using two balloons with a longer overlapping in the MV for bifurcation lesions has caused a widespread concern. PURPOSE: This bench study tested our hypothesis that mini-KBI (M-KBI) with a shorter protrusion of side branch (SB) balloon would ascertain a better result after Culotte stenting. METHODS: Twenty-four coronary stents were deployed using Culotte approach in twelve bifurcation models with a bifurcation angle of 45°, 3.5 mm in MV diameter, and 3.0 mm in SB diameter. After stent implantation, the final KBI were assigned to C-KBI (two kissing balloons juxtaposed within the MV stent, at least overlap for 3 mm; n = 6) and M-KBI (the proximal marker of SB balloon just sited at the level of upper edge of SB ostium; n = 6). Proximal optimization technique (POT) was performed after KBI. Stent geometry was visually evaluated based on bench photos, microscopy, videoscopy, micro-CT, and scanning electron microscopy. Stent deformation index, minimal lumen diameter, and cross-sectional area at either carina level of MV and ostium of SB were measured from optical coherence tomography (OCT). RESULTS: In Culotte technique, C-KBI was associated with visually significant stent deformation, overexpansion and the "bottleneck" effect of the MV stent, which could not be effectively rectified by POT, while M-KBI could keep the circle shape of MV stent with good stent apposition in both MV and SB stent. By quantitative measurements, deformation index of MV was 0.06 ± 0.01 after M-KBI, significantly lower than 0.25 ± 0.02 if C-KBI was performed. In the line in carina, compared to C-KBI, M-KBI has smaller CSA-stent/CSA-reference, which indicated a less overstretch of MV stent. However, minimal lumen diameter and cross-sectional area of SB ostium was not different in the mini-KBI group (3.0958 ± 0.0285 mm and 7.9667 ± 0.1741 mm), when compared those after C-KBI (3.1217 ± 0.0772 mm and 7.9083 ± 0.3115 mm, p > .05). CONCLUSIONS: Followed by POT, M-KBI is preferable than C-KBI in preventing stent deformation, overexpansion in MV stent and could get well apposed of MV stent and well-opened SB stent as expected in a Culotte technique.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31592634

RESUMO

We demonstrate an in situ synthesis for perparing carbon shielded 3D Co-Ni nanocones array on Ni foam (CoNi NCs/NF@C) via the solvothermal and thermal annealing process. It is found that the easily separable CoNi NCs/NF@C possesses high peroxidase/catalase dual-mimic activity and good catalytic stability. The fusion of the amorphous carbon sheath with the Co-Ni nanocones: 1) effectively improves interfacial electron transfer and catalytic stability of the Co-Ni nanocones array due to the excellent conductivity of amorphous carbon; 2) protects the Co-Ni nanocones array in the catalysis process from exposing to the harsh chemical environment, dramatically escaping the catalytic activity loss of Co-Ni (hydro)oxide. Interestingly, when the CoNi NCs/NF@C mimics peroxidase using 3, 3', 5, 5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) as substrate, the color of the TMB-H2O2-CoNi NCs/NF@C system changes at different pH values. Based on this property, a facile strategy was developed for semiquantitative and qualitative determination of pH using the Eyedropper function in Microsoft's PowerPoint software, where the RGB (red, green and blue) value of the sample can be conveniently measured by using a standard colorimetric card without requirement of complicated instrumentation. Moreover, the relationship between the color of the reaction system and the pH was investigated, which was demonstrated by the total Euclidean distance (EDs), that is, the square root of the sum of the squares of the ∆RGB values. The EDs change of the reaction system is reversible and occurs in the pH range from 0.64 to 8.4, which is useful for indicating the pH of strongly acidic environments. The colorimetric system exhibits a linear range from 0.64 to 2.38 and 2.5 to 6.5. A colorimetric card was designed based on the color changes of this system as function of pH values. This work provides a colorimetric assay method for the simple, rapid and visual indication of pH and can be used to understand the biological processes in physiology and pathology fileds.

3.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 7155-7171, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564871

RESUMO

Background: Platelet activation and subsequent aggregation are the initial stages of thrombosis. A molecular probe that specifically targets activated platelets and remains retained under high shear stress in vivo can enhance the imaging effect to achieve early and accurate diagnosis. Methods and materials: In this study, we constructed nanoparticles (NPs) using polydopamine to carry two peptides that simultaneously bind integrin αIIbß3 and P-selectin on activated platelets to enhance the targeting of NPs to thrombus. Results: The targeting specificity and binding stability of the NPs on red and white thrombi were demonstrated in vitro using a simulated circulatory device and the targeting effect of the NPs on mixed thrombus was studied by  magnetic resonance (MR)/photoacoustic (PA) dual-modality imaging in vivo. NPs that were surface modified with both peptides have higher selectivity and retention to red and white thrombi in vitro than NPs with a single or no peptide, and the targeting effect was closely related to the number and distribution of activated platelets as well as the structure and type of thrombus. The NPs also have MR/PA dual-modality imaging functionality, significantly enhancing the imaging of mixed thrombus in vivo. Conclusion: These dual-targeted NPs have improved targeting specificity and binding stability to different thrombi under high shear stress and are beneficial for the early diagnosis of thrombosis.

4.
J Mater Chem B ; 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565721

RESUMO

MIT is a promising strategy in antibody free analysis for tumour markers. Conventional nanosized MIPs with off-line analysis are beset by tedious operation and unsatisfactory analysis performance. In this work, an on-line analytical device to directly detect AFP, which is a typical tumour marker in cancer screening, was prepared for the first time. A microscope slide was chosen to be the basis of the device. APBA-PA, a polymerizable fluorescent boronic acid monomer, was synthesised and grafted on the surface of the microscope slide to act as the signal transduction pathway between the templates and the device. Along with the hydrolysis of TEOS and the elution of the templates, a portable, stable, easy to operate and low-cost analysis device for AFP with excellent repeatability was successfully prepared. Owing to the excellent selectivity and highly sensitive fluorescence response ability of the device towards the templates, the on-line detection of AFP in human serum was realized. A series of characterizations were applied to the device, and its analysis performance and possible detection mechanism were carefully studied. Furthermore, the device exhibited appropriate application prospects by comparing its analysis results with those of the commercially available ELISA. In our perception, this work is an important step towards MIPs for clinical applications.

5.
Environ Technol ; : 1-31, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31566478

RESUMO

Based on batch experiments, we investigate the adsorption characteristics of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Cu(II) on multi-walled carbon nanotube-hydroxyapatite (MWCNT-HAP) composites in detail and explore the effects of the solid-to-liquid ratio, pH, the ionic strength, reaction time and temperature on adsorption. The results show that the adsorption on MWCNT-HAP follows Pb(II)>Cu(II)>Cd(II). With an increasing solid-to-liquid ratio, the adsorption quantity of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Cu(II) on MWCNT-HAP decreases, whereas the removal efficiency increases. The optimal pH for adsorption is 4.0~6.0. The effect of the ionic strength on the adsorption of Cd(II) is pronounced, whereas that on the adsorption of Pb(II) and Cu(II) is small. In the single-component system and ternary-component system, the adsorption processes for Pb(II), Cd(II) and Cu(II) on MWCNT-HAP have fast kinetics, and the pseudo-second-order kinetics model can well describe the adsorption kinetics of the three heavy metals. The adsorption of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Cu(II) on MWCNT-HAP is spontaneous and endothermic, and the Langmuir model can well simulate the isothermal adsorption of Pb(II) and Cu(II), whereas the Langmuir and Freundlich models can be used to describe the isothermal adsorption of Cd(II).

6.
Biomolecules ; 9(10)2019 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590429

RESUMO

Lactobacillus plantarum KFY02 (LP-KFY02) was isolated from naturally fermented yoghurt in Xinjiang. We previously demonstrated that LP-KFY02 has good biological activity in vitro. In this study, LP-KFY02 was used to ferment grape skin, and the LP-KFY02 fermented grape skin extract solution (KFSE) was examined for its antioxidant ability in a human embryonic kidney (293T) cell oxidative damage model caused by H2O2 and its inhibitory effect on human hepatoma (HepG2) cells. The results showed that KFSE reduced the degree of oxidative damage in 293T cells, increased the relevant expression levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione (GSH), and GSH-peroxidase (GSH-Px), and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), and decreased the expression levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), malondialdehyde (MDA), and nitric oxide (NO). The expression of genes and proteins of SOD, CAT, GSH, and GSH-Px was up-regulated. In addition, KFSE-induced growth inhibition appeared to be through induction of cell-cycle arrest. This induction was accompanied by a reduction in the expression of cell-cycle genes, such as cyclin-D1 and CDK4. In addition, KFSE induced gene expression of p21, the apoptosis gene wild-type p53 and the caspase family. At the protein expression level, Bax and Caspase-8 were up-regulated, and the inflammatory marker Nuclear Factor Kappa-B (NF-κB) was down-regulated. The fermentation solution polyphenols were separated and identified as epicatechin gallate, coumarin, new chlorogenic acid, rutin, resveratrol, chlorogenic acid, rosmarinic acid, etc. by HPLC. Overall, these results demonstrate that KFSE significantly attenuated oxidative damage in 293T cells and inhibited tumor growth in HepG2 cancer cells, induces cell-cycle arrest and affects proteins involved in cell-cycle regulation and proliferation. This suggests that KFSE may also be explored as a neo-adjuvant to expansion of hepatoma.

7.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4601, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601798

RESUMO

During pregnancy, trophoblast cells sustain the maternal-fetal tolerance via expressing and secreting various chemokines and cytokines. Our previous study revealed the expression of interleukin-35 (IL-35) in human first-trimester trophoblasts. Here we show that IL-35 is expressed in both human first-trimester primary trophoblast cells and a trophoblast cell line. Trophoblast cells inhibit the proliferation of human naive conventional T cells (Tconv cells) and convert suppressed Tconv cells into iTR35 in an IL-35-dependent manner. Mechanistically, trophoblast cell derived IL-35 mediates its function through phosphorylation of STAT1 and STAT3. In vivo studies confirm that mice with immunologically spontaneous abortion have lower levels of IL-35 and iTR35 cells at the maternal-fetal interface, and neutralizing anti-IL-35 mAb enhances abortion rates. Meanwhile, exogenous IL-35 induces iTR35 and prevents immunological abortion. Our findings thus suggest that trophoblast cells have a critical function in preserving maternal-fetal tolerance via secreting IL-35 during pregnancy.

8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(16): 3576-3581, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602925

RESUMO

To detect the concentration of triptolide in skin and joint after percutaneous administration,an HPLC-MS/MS method and skin and joint micro-dialysis( MD) method of triptolide were established in this study. The separation was achieved on triple quadrupole( AB QTRAP4500) and phenomenex-C18( 4. 6 mm×150 mm,5 µm,luna) column with acetonitrile-water with 0. 1% formic acid( 65 ∶35) as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 0. 7 m L·min-1. An electrospray ionization( ESI) source was applied and operated in the positive multiple reaction monitoring( MRM) mode. The fragment ion for triptolide was m/z 361. 1→145. 0. The effects of different perfusion [Ringer's,PBS( p H 7. 4),30% ethanol saline]drug concentrations and flow rates on the recovery rate,as well as the relationship between the recovery rate and the loss rate were determined by incremental( dialysis) and reduction( retrodialysis) methods.The reduction method was applied in the in vivo study to investigate and determine the stability of the probe recovery rate in 10 h. The results of HPLC-MS/MS detection method conformed to the requirements of biological samples. The perfusion fluid was 30% ethanol saline. The recovery rate of skin and joint probes in vitro of triptolide increased within the flow rate of 0. 5-2. 5 µL·min-1. In order to increase the timeliness of data and the accuracy,the flow rate was determined to be 1 µL·min-1,and the sample interval was determined to be 0. 5 h. The recovery rate of triptolide in skin and joint probes in vitro and the loss rate were stable and equal despite of change of triptolide concentration within 10-200 µg·L-1. This indicated that the effect of drug concentration on the MD probe recovery rate was small,and the recovery rate could be replaced by the loss rate. The loss rate in vivo using MD method was measured at 10 h,indicating that the transfer rate of triptolide was stable within 10 h. The established method of triptolide in MD and HPLC-MS/MS can be applied to investigate the kinetic in skin and joint after percutaneous administration of triptolide.

9.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602974

RESUMO

Control over core structure is much more challenging than that over shell structure in core-shell silver nanoclusters. Herein, two isostructural chalcogen-mediated [Ag6Z4@Ag36] (Z= S or Se) nanoclusters (SD/Ag42a and SD/Ag42b) caging tetrahedral [Ag6Z4] as cores were synthesized by introducing Ph3CSH or Ph3PSe as slow-release source of S2- or Se2-, respectively, and character-ized by single crystal X-ray diffraction (SCXRD). Compared to the previously reported [AgS4@Ag36] cluster (Ag37), we found that introducing additional S2- or Se2- ions can effectively enlarge the inner core from tetrahedral AgS4 to Ag6Z4, which is a regu-lar octahedron of silver with four Z2- capping on one tetrahedral set of four faces. More interesting, the molecular enantiomers of SD/Ag42a and SD/Ag42b segregate into different crystals (P212121) while those of Ag37 form racemic crystals (I41/acd). The larger Ag6Z4 core in Ag42 clusters also extends their emission to near infrared region (~760 nm). The study confirms that chalcogenide can enlarge the nuclearity of nanoclusters by altering the inner core structure and affords a new strategy to syn-thesize chiral core-shell silver nanoclusters of higher-order in controlled fashion.

10.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 145: 111729, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31581071

RESUMO

Sensitive and specific detection methods are critical to the detection of glycoproteins. Immunoassay has been a powerful tool for this purpose, in which antibodies or their mimics particularly molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) are used for specific recognition. Epitope and glycan are two structure features of a glycoprotein. However, immunoassays based on simultaneous recognition towards the two characteristics have been scarcely explored so far. Herein we present a new strategy called orthogonal dual molecularly imprinted polymer-based plasmonic immunosandwich assay (odMIP-PISA). It relies on double recognition towards a target glycoprotein by two different types of MIPs, using epitope-imprinted gold nanoparticles (AuNPs)-coated slide as capturing substrate to recognize the peptide epitope and glycans-imprinted Raman-active silver nanoparticles as labeling nanotags to recognize the glycans. Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), a routinely used marker for colon cancer, was used as a test glycoprotein. The orthogonal double recognition apparently improved the specificity, reducing the maximum cross-reactivity from 14.4% for epitope recognition and 15.2% for glycan recognition to 8.2% for double recognition. Meanwhile, the plasmonic nanostructure-based Raman detection provided ultrahigh sensitivity, yielding a limit of detection of 5.56 × 10-14 M (S/N = 10). Through measuring the CEA level in human serum, this method permitted differentiation of colon cancer patient from healthy individual. Compared with the traditional immunoassay, odMIP-PISA exhibited multiple advantages, including simplified procedure (6 steps), speed (30 min), reduced cost, and so on. Therefore, this new approach holds great promise in many applications particularly clinical diagnosis.

11.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31588748

RESUMO

The electrocatalytic reduction reaction of CO2 (CO2RR) is a promising strategy to promote the global carbon balance and combat global climate change. Herein, exclusive Bi-N4 sites on porous carbon networks can be achieved through thermal decomposition of a bismuth-based metal-organic framework (Bi-MOF) and dicyandiamide (DCD) for CO2RR. Interestingly, in situ environmental transmission electron microscopy (ETEM) analysis not only directly shows the reduction from Bi-MOF into Bi nanoparticles (NPs) but also exhibits subsequent atomization of Bi NPs assisted by the NH3 released from the decomposition of DCD. Our catalyst exhibits high intrinsic CO2 reduction activity for CO conversion, with a high Faradaic efficiency (FECO up to 97%) and high turnover frequency of 5535 h-1 at a low overpotential of 0.39 V versus reversible hydrogen electrode. Further experiments and density functional theory results demonstrate that the single-atom Bi-N4 site is the dominating active center simultaneously for CO2 activation and the rapid formation of key intermediate COOH* with a low free energy barrier.

12.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 10: CD010693, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596946

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ) agonists are insulin-sensitising drugs used for the treatment of insulin resistance. In addition to lowering glucose in diabetes, these drugs may also protect against hyperlipidaemia and arteriosclerosis, which are risk factors for stroke. This is an update of a review first published in January 2014 and subsequently updated in December 2017. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of PPAR-γ agonists in the secondary prevention of stroke and related vascular events for people with stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA). SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Stroke Group Trials Register (30 July 2019), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2019, Issue 7), MEDLINE (1949 to 30 July 2019), Embase (1980 to 30 July 2019), CINAHL (1982 to 30 July 2019), AMED (1985 to 30 July 2019), and 11 Chinese databases (30 July 2019). In an effort to identify further published, unpublished, and ongoing trials, we searched ongoing trials registers, reference lists, and relevant conference proceedings, and contacted authors and pharmaceutical companies. We did not impose any language restrictions. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating PPAR-γ agonists versus placebo for the secondary prevention of stroke and related vascular events in people with stroke or TIA, with the outcomes of recurrent stroke, vascular events, and adverse events. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently screened the titles and abstracts of identified records, selected studies for inclusion, extracted eligible data, cross-checked the data for accuracy, and assessed methodological quality and risk of bias. We evaluated the quality of evidence for each outcome using the GRADE approach. MAIN RESULTS: We identified five RCTs with 5039 participants; two studies had a low risk of bias for all domains. Four studies evaluated the drug pioglitazone, and one study evaluated rosiglitazone. The participants in different studies were heterogeneous.Recurrent strokeThree studies evaluated the number of participants with recurrent stroke (4979 participants, a single study contributing 3876 of these). Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma agonists probably reduce the recurrence of stroke compared with placebo (risk ratio (RR) 0.66, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.44 to 0.99; moderate-quality evidence).Adverse eventsEvidence that adverse events occurred more frequently in participants treated with PPAR-γ agonists when compared with placebo was uncertain due to wide confidence interval and high levels of statistical heterogeneity: risk difference 10%, 95% CI -8% to 28%; low-quality evidence).Data were available on additional composite outcomes reflecting serious vascular events (all-cause death and other major vascular events; all-cause mortality, non-fatal myocardial infarction or non-fatal stroke) from one study in 984 people. This study provided low-quality evidence that PPAR-γ agonists led to fewer events (data not meta-analysed).Vascular eventsPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma agonists given over a mean duration of 34.5 months in a single trial of 984 participants may reduce serious vascular events expressed as a composite outcome of total events of cardiovascular death, non-fatal myocardial infarction or non-fatal stroke (RR 0.73, 95% CI 0.54 to 0.99; low-quality evidence).Other outcomesOne study in 20 people measured insulin sensitivity, and one study in 40 people measured the ubiquitin-proteasome activity in carotid plaques. Our confidence in the improvements observed with PPAR-γ agonists were limited by small sample sizes and risk of bias. None of the studies reported the number of participants with disability due to vascular events or improvement in quality of life. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma agonists probably reduce recurrent stroke and total events of cardiovascular death, non-fatal myocardial infarction or non-fatal stroke, and may improve insulin sensitivity and the stabilisation of carotid plaques. Their effects on adverse events are uncertain. Our conclusions should be interpreted with caution considering the small number and the quality of the included studies. Further well-designed, double-blind RCTs with large samples are required to assess the efficacy and safety of PPAR-γ agonists in the secondary prevention of stroke and related vascular events in people with stroke or TIA.

13.
Front Immunol ; 10: 2191, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31572396

RESUMO

The activation of TLR7 signaling in T cells accelerates antigen-specific responses. Such responses play an essential role in eliminating viral infections and can be anti-tumorigenic. However, the underlying mechanisms of how TLR7 can promote the optimal function of CD8+ T cells remain unclear. To investigate how TLR signaling directly contributes to CD8+ T cell functions, we examine the activation of cellular TLR7-related pathways and functional and metabolic alterations in TLR7-stimulated T cells during T cell receptor (TCR) signaling. In the present study, we investigated the activation of CD8+ T cells in response to direct stimulation by TLR7 ligands. TLR7 stimulation could promote the effector functions of purified CD8+ T cells in vitro. The TLR7-induced activation of CD8+ T cells occurs if CD8+ T cells were primed by αCD3 activation and increasingly expressed TLR7. MyD88 and AKT-mTOR signaling plays a critical role in TLR7-induced T cell activation. In addition to the upregulation of immune-related genes, metabolic alterations in CD8+ T cells, including the upregulation of glucose uptake and glycolysis, occurred by TLR7 stimulation. Glycolysis was found to be regulated by the AKT-mTOR pathway and a downstream transcription factor IRF4. Blocking glycolysis by either direct glucose deprivation or modulating the mTOR pathway and IRF4 expression was found to impair T cell activation and functions. Taken together, the activation of TLR7 signaling promotes the effector functions of CD8+ T cells by enhancing cellular glycolysis.

14.
Sci Total Environ ; 697: 134073, 2019 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473547

RESUMO

The improvement of urban river revetment soil is conducive to promote the growth of pioneer plants which can accelerate the restoration of ecosystems. How to effectively amend soil structure and composition to provide a suitable soil rhizosphere for rapid plant expansion is essential to be solved in the study. Biochar and lake dredged sediments were used to amend an urban river bank soil, where compaction and lack of mineral nutrition hindered the growth of Phragmites. The study found that the addition of 50% mass of dredged sediments combined with 5% mass of straw biochar increased the plant height maximum growth rate, tiller number per unit area, and root biomass by 32.93%, 29.62%, and 41.39%, respectively. The reason for these positive effects on plant growth mainly involved the improvement of rhizosphere soil properties. Addition of biochar increased porosity and available phosphorus content while dredged sediments increased soil organic carbon, thereby increasing the underground unit total phosphorus content of Phragmites by 18.18%. An increase of the Alpha diversity index of rhizosphere microorganisms (8.18%) and the decrease in infection rate of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (23.61%) also proved that the rapid expansion of Phragmites was improved owing to changes of the soil physicochemical properties. The combination of biochar and dredged sediments realized synergistic improvement of soil physical structure and increase of nutrient content, which helped promote the growth and expansion of the underground part of Phragmites. This cost-effective method can be feasible used for improvement of urban river revetment ecosystem.

15.
J Cell Physiol ; 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489637

RESUMO

Platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1) is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily and is expressed by hematopoietic and endothelial cells (ECs). Recent studies have shown that PECAM-1 plays a crucial role in promoting the development of the EC inflammatory response in the context of disturbed flow. However, the mechanistic pathways that control PECAM-1 protein stability remain largely unclear. Here, we identified PECAM-1 as a novel substrate of the APC/Cdh1 E3 ubiquitin ligase. Specifically, lentivirus-mediated Cdh1 depletion stabilized PECAM-1 in ECs. Conversely, overexpression of Cdh1 destabilized PECAM-1. The proteasome inhibitor MG132 blocked Cdh1-mediated PECAM-1 degradation. In addition, Cdh1 promoted K48-linked polyubiquitination of PECAM-1 in a destruction box-dependent manner. Furthermore, we demonstrated that compared with pulsatile shear stress (PS), oscillatory shear stress decreased the expression of Cdh1 and the ubiquitination of PECAM-1, therefore stabilizing PECAM-1 to promote inflammation in ECs. Hence, our study revealed a novel mechanism by which fluid flow patterns regulate EC homeostasis via Cdh1-dependent ubiquitination and subsequent degradation of PECAM-1.

16.
J Synchrotron Radiat ; 26(Pt 5): 1422-1431, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490130

RESUMO

The European X-ray Free-Electron Laser (European XFEL) (Altarelli et al., 2006; Tschentscher et al., 2017), the world's largest and brightest X-ray free-electron laser (Saldin et al., 1999; Pellegrini et al., 2016), went into operation in 2017. This article describes the as-built realization of photon diagnostics for this facility, the diagnostics commissioning and their application for commissioning of the facility, and results from the first year of operation, focusing on the SASE1 beamline, which was the first to be commissioned. The commissioning consisted of pre-beam checkout, first light from the bending magnets, X-rays from single undulator segments, SASE tuning with many undulator segments, first lasing, optics alignment for FEL beam transport through the tunnel up to the experiment hutches, and finally beam delivery to first users. The beam properties assessed by photon diagnostics throughout these phases included per-pulse intensity, beam position, shape, lateral dimensions and spectral properties. During this time period, the machine provided users with up to 14 keV photon energy, 1.5 mJ pulse energy, 300 FEL pulses per train and 4.5 MHz intra-bunch train repetition rate at a 10 Hz train repetition rate. Finally, an outlook is given into the diagnostic prospects for the future.

17.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 36(1): 980-985, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31544547

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the risk factors of biloma formation and secondary infection after thermal ablation for malignant hepatic tumors. Patients and methods: A total of 58 patients with 68 bilomas after thermal ablation were recruited as the complication group, and 61 patients with 72 lesions without major complications were selected randomly as the control group. The potential risk factors for biloma formation were analyzed with the chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression analysis. To determine the optimum management method for biloma, patients with secondary infection were included for the subgroup analysis of risk factors. Results: A history of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) treatment (odds ratio [OR]: 3.606, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.165-11.156, p = .026) and tumor location (OR: 37.734, 95% CI: 13.058-109.034, p = .000) were independent predictors of biloma formation. Among the 58 patients with biloma, 49 (84.5%) showed no symptoms (i.e., the asymptomatic group), while the remaining 9 (15.5%) developed symptoms related to secondary infections (i.e., the symptomatic group). There were significant differences in the history of biliary manipulation (p = .031) between the symptomatic and asymptomatic groups. Conclusion: A history of TACE treatment and the distance from the biliary tract were independent predictors of biloma formation after thermal ablation. Therefore, protecting the bile duct (i.e., cooling of the bile duct and combing thermal ablation with chemical ablation) should be considered for high-risk patients. Moreover, active monitoring and management should be performed for patients with bilomas who underwent biliary surgery before.

18.
Chemosphere ; 237: 124527, 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31549649

RESUMO

Electrochemical reduction of CO2 has been demonstrated as one of the promising technologies to reduce the greenhouse effect. In this study, nano-prism assembled hierarchical CuO microspheres (Prism-CuO) were designed and used for CO2 electroreduction. The Prism-CuO coated gas diffusion electrode showed high activity for CO2-to-formate conversion with overpotential as low as ∼200 mV, and achieved maximum faradaic efficiency of 65.1% at -1.6 V vs. Ag/AgCl. Moreover, it maintained the stable performance for continuous 20 h of electrolysis. The better performance was mainly attributed to the unique prism feature as it provided abundant corner- and edge-based low-coordinated active reaction sites. These sites could further arouse strong local-electric field to lower the barrier of CO2 adsorption and motivate CO2 activation by accelerating charges transfer process. The result implied designing the nano-prism constructed hierarchical framework would be an efficient strategy to develop the advanced electrocatalyst for efficient CO2 reduction in aqueous solution.

19.
Endocr Pract ; 2019 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31557082

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Autoimmune thyroid disease, including Graves' disease (GD) and Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), is one of the most common endocrine diseases. GD and HT are the main etiologies for hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism, respectively. This study aimed to provide a metabolomic analysis of GD patients with hyperthyroidism and HT patients with hypothyroidism. METHODS: This study investigated serum metabolomics in 43 GD patients with hyperthyroidism, 45 HT patients with hypothyroidism, and 52 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. The metabolomic data were analyzed by performing multivariate statistical analysis. RESULTS: The 186 metabolites including amino acids, bile acids, free fatty acids, and lipids were identified in all participants. Multivariate models indicated systematic differences in the hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, and control groups. Compared to healthy controls, the 22 metabolites in the hyperthyroidism group and 17 metabolites in the hypothyroidism group were significantly changed. Pathway analysis showed that hyperthyroidism had a significant impact on arginine and proline metabolism and aminoacyl-transfer ribonucleic acid (tRNA) biosynthesis, while hypothyroidism had a significant impact on alanine, aspartate, and glutamate metabolism. CONCLUSION: Serum metabolomic pattern changes in patients with autoimmune thyroid dysfunction.

20.
Small ; : e1902744, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532897

RESUMO

Efficient charge separation and sufficiently exposed active sites are important for light-driving Fenton catalysts. 0D/2D hybrids, especially quantum dots (QDs)/nanosheets (NSs), offer a better opportunity for improving photo-Fenton activity due to their high charge mobility and more catalytic sites, which is highly desirable but remains a great challenge. Herein, a 0D hematite quantum dots/2D ultrathin g-C3 N4 nanosheets hybrid (Fe2 O3 QDs/g-C3 N4 NS) is developed via a facile chemical reaction and subsequent low-temperature calcination. As expected, the specially designed 0D/2D structure shows remarkable catalytic performance toward the removal of p-nitrophenol. By virtue of large surface area, adequate active sites, and strong interfacial coupling, the 0D Fe2 O3 QDs/2D g-C3 N4 nanosheets establish efficient charge transport paths by local in-plane carbon species, expediting the separation and transfer of electron/hole pairs. Simultaneously, highly efficient charge mobility can lead to continuous and fast Fe(III)/Fe(II) conversion, promoting a cooperative effect between the photocatalysis and chemical activation of H2 O2 . The developed carbon-intercalated 0D/2D hybrid provides a new insight in developing heterogeneous catalysis for a large variety of photoelectronic applications, not limited in photo-Fenton catalysis.

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