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2.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 21(1): 12-28, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31898439

RESUMO

Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are the most abundant immune cells in the tumor microenvironment (TME) and are critical for cancer initiation and progression. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) could notably influence the phenotype of TAMs through various targets and signal pathways during cancer progression due to their post-transcriptional regulation. In this review, we discuss mainly the regulatory function of miRNAs on macrophage differentiation, functional polarization, and cellular crosstalk. Firstly, during the generation process, miRNAs take part in the differentiation from myeloid cells to mature macrophages, and this maturation process directly influences their recruitment into the TME, attracted by tumor cells. Secondly, macrophages in the TME can be either tumor-promoting or tumor-suppressing, depending on their functional polarization. Large numbers of miRNAs can influence the polarization of macrophages, which is crucial for tumor progression, including tumor cell invasion, intravasation, extravasation, and premetastatic site formation. Thirdly, crosstalk between tumor cells and macrophages is essential for TME formation and tumor progression, and miRNAs can be the mediator of communication in different forms, especially when encapsulated in microvesicles or exosomes. We also assess the potential value of certain macrophage-related miRNAs (MRMs) as diagnostic and prognostic markers, and discuss the possible development of MRM-based therapies.

3.
Cancer Med ; 9(4): 1279-1286, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31218849

RESUMO

Lung cancer is prone to metastasis to various organs. Although intraocular metastasis (IOM) occurs at a later stage than metastasis to other organs, it often adversely affects the quality of life and suggests a poor prognosis. In this study, we selected 1608 patients with lung cancer who had metastasis to at least one site and explored clinical differences between those with IOM and non-IOM (NIOM). An independent t test and chi-squared test were used to analyze the clinical features of the patients. The statistically significant parameters were analyzed by binary logistic regression to determine the risk factors for IOM. A receiver operating characteristic curve was constructed to assess their diagnostic value in IOM. The results showed that no significant differences were noted in age, gender, and pathological type between the IOM and NIOM groups. However, the IOM group had higher levels of alpha-fetoprotein, carcinoembryonic antigen, cancer antigen (CA)-125, CA-153, cytokeratin fragment 19 (CYFRA 21-1), and total prostate-specific antigen, compared with the NIOM group. Binary logistic regression indicated that CA-153 and CYFRA 21-1 were risk factors for IOM in patients with MLC (P < 0.05). Area under the curve of CA-153, CYFRA 21-1 and their combination were 0.791, 0.860, and 0.872 respectively. The cutoff values for CA-153 and CYFRA 21-1 were 22.2 U/mL and 6.785 ng/mL. In conclusion, both CA-153 and CYFRA 21-1 were independent risk factors for IOM in patients with metastatic lung cancer (MLC), whereas the combination of CA-153 and CYFRA 21-1 assessment yields the most value in the detection of IOM in patients with MLC.

4.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2019: 3592620, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686981

RESUMO

Objective: This study is aimed at evaluating the diagnostic value of blood lipid indicators (BLIs) for insulin resistance (IR) among major ethnic groups in Xinjiang, China, to identify the most valuable indicators and appropriate cut-off points for each ethnic group and to lay the foundation for the early detection, diagnosis, and treatment of metabolic diseases in remote rural areas. Methods: Overall, 418 Uygurs, 331 Kazakhs, and 220 Hans were randomly included in our study. The homeostasis model assessment was the gold standard for identifying IR. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic value, and the nomogram was utilized to analyze the predictive value. The size of the area under the curve (AUC) reflected the accuracy of screening and prediction. Results: Differences in races were observed in terms of IR and BLIs, and the Kazakhs had the highest IR level at 5.27 mmol/L. The correlation between IR and BLIs differed among the three races. For the Kazakhs and Hans, all BLIs, except total cholesterol (TC), were correlated to IR. However, for the Uygurs, only the triglyceride (TG) level, TG/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio, and TC/HDL-C ratio were associated with IR. After further adjustment of confounding factors, these indicators were still correlated to IR. BLIs that independently correlated to IR in the three nationalities had a certain diagnostic value for IR. In terms of the AUC size, the TG level was the highest in Uygurs, the TG/HDL-C ratio was the highest for Kazakhs and Hans, and the corresponding best cut-off points for IR were 1.515, 1.230, and 1.495 mmol/L, respectively. In addition, for each race, when the indicators with a certain diagnostic value were combined, the diagnostic value for IR was higher. Conclusion: BLIs had a certain diagnostic value for IR and could be used as a screening tool for IR among Uygurs, Kazakhs, and Hans in Xinjiang. These findings are extremely important for the prevention and treatment of IR and metabolic diseases in remote rural areas.

5.
Clin Neurol Neurosurg ; 184: 105411, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31310924

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Postoperative ileus (PI) is a common complication following posterior thoraco-lumbar spinal fusion surgery. It usually slows patient's recovery and increases postoperative morbidity. However, the risk factors associated with PI in patients undergoing posterior thoraco-lumbar spinal fusion surgery are still unclear. The purpose of this study is to investigate the potential risk factors for PI in those patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted and 426 patients received posterior thoraco-lumbar spinal fusion surgery between March 2017 and February 2018 were included in this study. The associations between different clinical factors and PI were analyzed. A logistic regression analysis was performed to detect independent risk factors for PI. The cut-off value, sensitivity and specificity of these independent factors were calculated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: In this study, 8.2% (35/426) of these patients were identified with PI. The average length of postoperative hospital stay was 12.54 ±â€¯6.06 days in patients with PI compared with 8.91 ±â€¯3.81 days in patients without PI (P =  0.001). These results indicated that surgical duration, PLIF approach, blood loss and length of postoperative diet restriction were potential risk factors for PI in patients with thoraco-lumbar spinal fusion surgery. The cut-off values of surgical duration, blood loss and length of postoperative diet restriction were 4.375 h, 750 ml and 9.5 h, respectively. Combination of surgical duration, PLIF approach, blood loss and length of postoperative diet restriction has the highest predictive value for PI (AUC = 0.910, P <  0.001). CONCLUSION: Based on the study, surgical duration, PLIF approach, blood loss and length of postoperative diet restriction were the independent risk factors for PI in patients with posterior thoraco-lumbar spinal fusion surgery. Combined those factors has the highest risk for developing PI.

6.
World Neurosurg ; 2019 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30677571

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For patients undergoing lumbar spinal surgery, many surgeons routinely perform laboratory tests within 3 days after surgery. However, few studies have reported the necessity for routine laboratory tests for patients with uncomplicated cases within 3 days after surgery. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of patients with lumbar degenerative disease who had undergone lumbar spinal surgery from May 2014 to May 2017. The perioperative patient information was recorded. The abnormal postoperative laboratory tests were recorded. Finally, the incidence and risk factors for patients requiring postoperative clinical treatment were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 1915 patients were included in the present study. Postoperative laboratory tests had been ordered for 870 patients (45.43%). Of these patients, only a small proportion had required postoperative clinical intervention to treat abnormal serum hemoglobin (2.53%), albumin (1.95%), serum potassium (0.92%), or serum calcium (6.55%) levels. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that female gender and operative time were risk factors for the need for blood transfusion after lumbar spinal surgery. Age and operative time were risk factors for patients requiring albumin supplementation after lumbar spinal surgery. Finally, intraoperative blood loss and operative time were independent risk factors for patients requiring calcium supplementation after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Owing to the small number of postoperative clinical interventions for abnormal laboratory test results, we believe that the use of routine laboratory tests within 3 days after lumbar spinal surgery for patients with uncomplicated cases are unnecessary. Our results showed that operative time is a potential risk factor for the necessity for clinical treatment after lumbar spinal surgery.

7.
Cancer Manag Res ; 10: 6305-6315, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30568492

RESUMO

Purpose: Accumulating studies showed that the expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) was dysregulated in osteosarcoma (OS). In this study, we sought to investigate the effect of let-7a on OS progression and its potential molecular mechanism. Patients and methods: Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was performed to evaluate the expression level of let-7a and Aurora-B (AURKB) in OS tissues and cells. The OS cells were treated with let-7a mimic, let7a inhibitor, negative mimic and Lv-AURKB combined with let-7a. The ability of cell proliferation, migration and invasion was measured using Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and wound-healing and transwell invasion assays. The protein of AURKB, NF-κßp65, MMP2 and MMP9 was measured by Western blot analysis. Xenograft model was performed to investigate the effects of let-7a on tumor growth and metastasis. The lung metastasis was measured by counting the metastatic node using H&E staining. Results: Let-7a expression was significantly underexpressed in OS cell lines and tissues compared with human osteoblast cell lines, hFOB1.19, and adjacent normal bone tissues. Exogenous let-7a inhibited the viability, migratory and invasive ability of OS cells in vitro. In addition, the overexpression of AURKB in OS cells could partly rescue let-7a-mediated tumor inhibition. Also, the overexpression of let-7a inhibited OS cell growth and lung metastasis in vivo. Furthermore, the results showed that let-7a could decrease the expression of NF-κßp65, MMP2 and MMP9 proteins by targeting AURKB in OS cells. Conclusion: Let-7a inhibits the malignant phenotype of OS cells by targeting AURKB at least partially. Targeting let-7a and AURKB/NF-κß may be a novel therapeutic strategy for the treatment of OS.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(40): e12694, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30290664

RESUMO

This retrospective analysis aim to evaluate the potential risk factors for bone metastases (BM) in patients who were diagnosed with colorectal cancer (CRC).A total of 2790 patients diagnosed with CRC between January 2006 and December 2016 were collected in this study. All patients were divided into 2 groups, BM and no BM. The associations between biomarkers (including age, gender, histopathological types, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), cancer antigen 125, and so on), and BM in patients with CRC were analyzed. All the analyses were conducted by SPSS software (version 22.0, SPSS, Chicago, IL).Of all patients, 74 (2.7%) were identified with BM. The level of serum ALP, CEA, and cancer antigen 125 in patients with BM were obviously higher than those without BM (P < .001, P = .005, and P < .001). And the cut-off values of ALP, CEA, and cancer antigen 125 were 85.5 U/L, 6.9 mmol/L, and 16.8 mmol/L, respectively.ALP, CEA, and cancer antigen 125 were identified as the independent risk factors for BM in patients with CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/sangue , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Neoplasias Colorretais/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fosfatase Alcalina/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Antígeno Ca-125/sangue , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
9.
J Bone Oncol ; 12: 101-104, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30155405

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common non-hematologic malignant tumor of bone in children. It is usually characterized by a high risk of developing lung metastasis and poor prognosis. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are cell-derived nanoparticles with a small size of 50-200 nm in diameter. As a communicator, the contents of the EVs secreted via either fusing with lysosomes for degradation and recycling or fusing with the cell plasma membrane into the extracellular environment, which play an important role in regulating the tumor microenvironment of OS and mediating the Wnt/ß-catenin and TGF-ß signalings. Increasing evidences suggest that EVs have significant role in OS growth, progression, metastasis and drug resistance. In this study, the roles of EVs in the physiology and pathogenesis of OS and the potential attractive therapeutic target for the treatment of OS were reviewed.

10.
J Hypertens ; 36(4): 801-808, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29493561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stimulation of cannabinoid type 1 (CB1) receptor in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) increases renal sympathetic activity (RSNA) and blood pressure (BP) in rats. Thus, we hypothesized that CB1 receptor in the RVLM may play a critical role in the development of obesity-induced hypertension. METHODS: To this end, we evaluated the levels of endocannabinoids and CB1 receptors in the RVLM in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced hypertensive rats. We then used pharmacological and molecular methods to examine the role of RVLM CB1 receptors in regulation of BP, heart rate (HR), and RSNA in obesity-induced hypertensive rats. RESULTS: We found that HFD-fed rats exhibited higher basal BP, HR, and RSNA than standard diet-fed rats, which were associated with increased levels of endocannabinoids and CB1 receptor expression in the RVLM. Furthermore, unilateral intra-RVLM microinjections of AM251 (0, 100, or 500 nM/0.5 µl/site) dose-dependently decreased BP, HR, and RSNA to a greater extent in HFD-fed rats than in standard diet-fed rats. Finally, siRNA-mediated knockdown of CB1 receptor expression in the RVLM robustly decreased BP, HR, and RSNA in HFD-fed rats. CONCLUSION: Taken together, our results suggested that enhanced CB1 receptor-mediated neurotransmissions in the RVLM may play a role in the development of obesity-induced hypertension.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea , Endocanabinoides/metabolismo , Frequência Cardíaca , Hipertensão/metabolismo , Bulbo/metabolismo , Receptor CB1 de Canabinoide/metabolismo , Animais , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Pressão Sanguínea/genética , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Inativação Gênica , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Frequência Cardíaca/genética , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Rim/inervação , Rim/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Bulbo/fisiopatologia , Piperidinas/farmacologia , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Receptor CB1 de Canabinoide/genética , Sistema Nervoso Simpático/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistema Nervoso Simpático/fisiopatologia
11.
J Chemother ; 30(3): 172-178, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29405898

RESUMO

The broad spectrum antibiotic tigecycline shows promising efficacy against many multiple drug resistant (MDR) pathogens. However, its clinical efficacy in the treatment of hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) is unclear. Several studies have reported on the treatment failures of tigecycline monotherapy, suggesting that it may not be sufficient to control severe infections. Combination therapy has become an option to treat MDR bacterial infections. We conducted a literature search using PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, Elsevier and the Web of Knowledge databases up to 29 February 2017 to identify relevant published studies. Studies were considered eligible if they were a cohort study that assessed mortality and the safety of tigecycline monotherapy versus combination therapy with other antimicrobial agents for HAP. The primary outcome was treatment mortality rate, while the secondary outcomes were adverse events. Meta-analysis was done using fixed-effects models. Five trials were included. The monotherapy tigecycline had a higher mortality compared to the combination therapy group. There was a significant difference for the treatment of HAP. However, two prospective cohort studies showed that there was no significant difference in mortality rate between the tigecycline monotherapy and the tigecycline combination therapy. Three retrospective cohort studies showed that tigecycline monotherapy had a high mortality rate. Tigecycline combination therapy efficiently treats HAP. There is a great need for well-designed studies to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of combination therapies as they compare to tigecycline monotherapy.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Infecções Bacterianas/complicações , Quimioterapia Combinada , Minociclina/análogos & derivados , Pneumonia/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos de Coortes , Hospitais , Humanos , Minociclina/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia/etiologia , Prognóstico , Tigeciclina
12.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) ; 43(10): 732-737, 2018 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28922276

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the independent risk factors for postoperative surgical site infection (SSI) after posterior lumbar spinal surgery based on the perioperative factors analysis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: SSI is one of the most common complications after spinal surgery. Previous studies have identified different risk factors for postoperative SSI after lumbar spinal surgery. However, most of the studies were focused on the patient and procedure-related factors. Few studies reported the correlation between laboratory tests and postoperative SSI. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out in a single institution. Patients who underwent posterior lumbar spinal surgery between January 2010 and August 2016 were included in this study. All patients' medical records were reviewed and patients with postoperative SSI were identified. Perioperative variables were included to determine the risk factors for SSI by univariate and multivariate regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 2715 patients undergoing posterior lumbar spinal surgery were included in this study. Of these patients, 64 (2.4%) were detected with postoperative SSI, including 46 men and 18 women. Diabetes mellitus (P = 0.026), low preoperative serum level of calcium (P = 0.009), low preoperative and postoperative albumin (P = 0.025 and 0.035), high preoperative serum glucose (P = 0.029), multiple fusion segments (P < 0.001), increased surgical time and estimated blood loss (P = 0.023 and 0.005), decreased postoperative hemoglobin (P = 0.008), and prolonged drainage duration (P = 0.016) were found to be the independent risk factors for SSI. Multilevel fusion and a history of diabetes mellitus were the two strongest risk factors (odds ratio = 2.329 and 2.227) for SSI. CONCLUSION: Based on a large population analysis, previous reported risk factors for SSI were confirmed in this study while some new independent risk factors were identified significantly associated with SSI following lumbar spinal surgery, including preoperative low serum level of calcium, decreased preoperative and postoperative albumin, and decreased postoperative hemoglobin. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4.


Assuntos
Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Idoso , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/sangue , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/sangue
13.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 18: 1533033819853262, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31122179

RESUMO

Our previous study indicated that knockdown of Aurora-B inhibit the proliferation of osteosarcoma cells. But the function and molecular mechanisms of Aurora-B in osteosarcoma cells growth and metastasis remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the molecular mechanisms of Aurora-B in the progression of osteosarcoma. Osteosarcoma cells (U2-OS and 143B) were treated with specific Lentivirus-Vectors (up or downregulation Aurora-B). The ability of cells proliferation, migration, and invasion was measured using Cell-Counting Kit-8, wound healing and transwell invasion assays. Furthermore, based on label-free quantitative proteomic analysis of potential molecular mechanisms of Aurora-B in human 143B cells. A total of 25 downregulated and 76 upregulated differentially expressed proteins were screened in terms of the change in their expression abundance. We performed functional annotation and functional enrichment analyses. Gene ontology enrichment, KEGG analysis, and protein-protein interaction networks were constructed and analyzed. We found that the PTK2 may play an important role in the progression of osteosarcoma cells. Finally, Western blot revealed that expression of PTK2, AKT, PI3K, and nuclear factor-kappaB increased after over expression of Aurora-B. Overall, these data highlight that Aurora-B may promote the malignant phenotype of osteosarcoma cells by activating the PTK2/PI3K/AKt/nuclear factor-KappaB pathway.


Assuntos
Aurora Quinase B/genética , Neoplasias Ósseas/genética , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Carcinogênese/genética , Osteossarcoma/genética , Osteossarcoma/patologia , Apoptose/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Progressão da Doença , Quinase 1 de Adesão Focal/genética , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , NF-kappa B/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética , Proteômica , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética
14.
J Bone Oncol ; 9: 29-33, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29159028

RESUMO

Objective: The prognosis for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is related to a high rate of metastasis, including 30% of bone metastasis. In this study, we investigate the correlation between diverse clinical factors and bone metastases secondary from renal cell cancer (RCC), and to identify potential risk factors for bone metastasis in newly diagnosed patients and those who have already received treatment. Methods: The clinical data of 372 patients with RCC were reviewed from January 2000 to August 2016. The correlations between age, gender, histopathologic types, alkaline phosphotase (ALP), CEA, AFP, CA-125, CA-153, CA-199, calcium, hemoglobin (HB) and bone metastases were analyzed. And the risk factors for bone metastases in RCC were identified by multivariate logistic regression analysis. The cutoff value, sensitivity and specificity of the independent correlation factors were calculated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results: The bone is the second to the lung as a distant metastasis target site in patients with RCC. Thirty eight individuals were identified with bone metastases. Of these patients, significantly higher levels of ALP, calcium, HB were found than those without bone metastasis (P < 0.05, respectively). No significant differences were detected in CEA, AFP, CA-125, CA-153, CA-199, age, gender and histopathologic types between patients with and without bone metastases (P > 0.05, respectively). Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that ALP, calcium and HB were independent risk factors correlated with bone metastasis (P < 0.05, respectively). ROC curves demonstrated these factors had comparable accuracy at predicting bone metastasis (AUC were 0.749, 0.633 and 0.665, respectively). The cutoff values of ALP, calcium and HB were 105.5 U/L, 2.615 mmol/L and 111.5 g/L, respectively. The sensitivities of them were 57.9%, 36.8% and 71.1% for predicting bone metastasis, with specificities of 83.5%, 95.2% and 65.3%, respectively. Conclusion: Based on our study, the concentrations of ALP, calcium and HB were potentially risk factors for bone metastasis in patients with RCC. For newly diagnosed patients, if the values of ALP>105.5 U/L, calcium>2.615 mmol/L and HB<111.5 g/L were detected, intensive monitoring and bone scanning are warranted for them.

15.
Med Sci Monit ; 23: 4541-4548, 2017 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28935853

RESUMO

BACKGROUND This study aimed to analyze and explore the relationship between the cytokines IL-4 and IL-10 in relation to gene polymorphism and their respective effects on the susceptibility to virus-induced encephalitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS From January 2012 to June 2013, 112 patients with virus-induced encephalitis (the case group and 109 healthy individuals (the control group) were recruited for the purposes of this study. The functional variations that IL-4 and IL-10 genes exhibit were detected through the use of a function analysis and selection tool for single-nucleotide polymorphisms (FASTSNP). The genotypes of IL-4 were rs2227283 and IL-4 rs2227288, and the genotypes of IL-10 were rs1800871 and IL-10 rs1800872. These genotypes were respectively assessed using direct sequencing. RESULTS IL-4 rs2227283 and IL-10 rs1800871 have no correlation in with risk of virus-induced encephalitis (both P>0.05) GA and AA genotypes were related to IL-4 rs2227288 and GT, while TT and GT + TT genotypes were related to IL-10 rs1800872. These were highlighted as being risk factors in virus-induced encephalitis (all P<0.05). However, the duration of fever, white blood cell (WBC) count, C-reactive protein (CRP), neutrophils, and lymphocytes and monocytes of virus-induced encephalitis patients with IL-4 rs2227288 and IL-10 rs1800872 all displayed significant differences (all P<0.05). Frequencies of GAGT and CAGT haplotypes were evaluated and deemed to be of statistical significance and subsequently were highlighted as being risk factors in virus-induced encephalitis (all P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS IL-4 rs2227288 and IL-10 rs1800872 may contribute to an increased risk for virus-induced encephalitis. Through use of direct sequencing, we showed that genotypes of IL-4 rs2227288 and IL-10 rs1800872 may have particular host susceptibility to virus-induced encephalitis.


Assuntos
Encefalite por Arbovirus/genética , Interleucina-10/genética , Interleucina-4/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Alelos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Citocinas/genética , Encefalite/genética , Encefalite/parasitologia , Feminino , Frequência do Gene/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Genótipo , Haplótipos , Humanos , Encefalite Infecciosa/genética , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Interleucina-4/metabolismo , Masculino , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Fatores de Risco
16.
PLoS One ; 12(9): e0183835, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28902911

RESUMO

Early detection of bone metastases is helpful for the treatment of bladder cancer (BC). In this study, we investigated the potential risk factors for bone metastasis in newly diagnosed patients with BC. A total of 902 patients diagnosed with BC between January 2000 and August 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Of these patient, 50 (5.5%) were identified with bone metastasis. The serum levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and calcium were significantly higher in patients with bone metastases than those without bone metastases (P = 0.015 and P<0.001). And the concentration of hemoglobin (HB) was significant lower in bone metastatic patients compared with non bone metastatic patients (P = 0.009). Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that ALP, HB and calcium were independent risk factors for bone metastases in patients with BC. The cut off values of ALP, HB and calcium were 116 U/L, 37.5g/L and 2.54 mmol/L according to the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves analysis. And combined ALP, HB with calcium had the highest diagnostic accuracy for predicting bone metastases in BC patients (AUC = 0.760, P<0.001). Therefore, for newly diagnosed patients with BC, the concentrations of ALP >116 U/L, HB <37.5 g/Land calcium >2.54 mmol/L were the risk factors for developing bone metastases. Combined ALP, HB with calcium was more useful to diagnose the bone metastases.


Assuntos
Fosfatase Alcalina/sangue , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Cálcio/sangue , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/patologia , Hemoglobinas/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias Ósseas/sangue , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/sangue , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/sangue , Adulto Jovem
17.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 11325, 2017 09 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28900285

RESUMO

The risk factors for predicting bone metastases in patients with breast cancer are still controversial. Here, a total of 2133 patients with breast cancer, including 327 with bone metastases (15.33%) and 1806 without bone metastases (84.67%) were retrospective reviewed from January 2005 to December 2015. The spine was found to be the most common site for bone metastases, followed by ribs (57.5%), pelvis (54.1%) and sternum (44.3%). The results indicated that axillary lymph node metastases and the concentrations of CA125, CA153, ALP and hemoglobin were the independent risk factors for bone metastases in patients with breast cancer. The receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves showed that combined axillary lymph node metastases, high CA153 and ALP, with low hemoglobin were the most accurate biomarkers for predicting bone metastases in breast cancer [area under the curve = 0.900], and the sensitivity and specificity for the prediction were 78.5% and 87.8%, respectively. Therefore, breast cancer patients with more axillary lymph node metastases, high serum concentrations of CA125, CA153, ALP and low level of hemoglobin were closely related to bone metastases. Combined axillary lymph node metastases, CA153, ALP with hemoglobin have the highest predictive accuracy for bone metastases in breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
18.
J Endourol ; 31(11): 1101-1110, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28950716

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Miniaturized percutaneous nephrolithotomy (MPCNL), including minipercutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), ultramini-PCNL, and micro-PCNL, have been developed recently. The aim of this meta-analysis was to compare the safety and efficacy of different tract sizes of MPCNL with retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) in the management of kidney stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science to identify case-control trials and randomized controlled trials, which evaluated MPCNL vs RIRS before February 2017. Two reviewers independently evaluated the methodologic quality of the included studies, and the disagreements were solved by discussion. Meta-analysis was performed with Review Manager version 5.3 software. RESULTS: Fourteen publications involving 1279 patients were included. Mini-PCNL provided a significantly higher stone-free rate (SFR; odds ratio [OR] OR 1.66; p = 0.005), especially for lower pole renal stones (OR 2.65; p = 0.003), but brought longer hospital stay (weighted mean difference [WMD] 1.23; p = 0.0001) and larger hemoglobin drop (WMD 0.77; p < 0.00001). There were no statistically significant differences between mini-PCNL and RIRS in the complications (OR 0.77; p = 0.23) and operative time (WMD: -6.52; p = 0.42). For ultramini-PCNL and micro-PCNL, the safety and efficacy were similar to RIRS. CONCLUSIONS: Mini-PCNL offers a significantly higher SFR than RIRS, for lower pole renal stones, the advantage of mini-PCNL is more obvious. However, RIRS is associated with shorter hospital stay and less hemoglobin drop. For ultramini-PCNL and micro-PCNL, tract size is smaller than mini-PCNL, and the SFR is similar to RIRS. In terms of the evidence at present, we recommend mini-PCNL for patients focusing more on the high SFR.


Assuntos
Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/métodos , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 8970, 2017 08 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28827719

RESUMO

The risk factors of bone metastasis in patients with lung cancer are still unclear. Here, a retrospective study including a series of consecutive patients who were diagnosed with lung cancer between January 2005 and November 2016 was carried out. A total of 2021 patients with lung cancer were included in this study and 23.9% of them were found to be bone metastases. For patients with bone metastases, adenocarcinoma (62.1%) was the most common pathological subtype, and rib (62.3%) was the most frequent distant metastatic site, followed by thoracic (53.8%) and lumbar spine (40.4%). The histopathologic type, CA-125 level and the concentration of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were identified as the independent risk factors for bone metastases in lung cancer (P = 0.002, P = 0.001 and P < 0.001). The sensitivities and specificities of diagnosing bone metastasis by CA-125 were 32.1% and 80.8%, and by ALP were 41.3% and 77.1%, respectively. Thus, the incidence of bone metastases in lung cancer patients was relative high, and physicians should pay attention to the histopathologic type, the serum CA-125 and ALP concentrations when patients were firstly diagnosed with lung cancer for early detecting bone metastases.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
20.
Int Orthop ; 41(11): 2297-2302, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28852822

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Spinal epidural haematoma (SEH) is a common complication after lumbar spinal decompression surgery, and symptomatic SEH usually causes devastating neurological deficits. Although different risk factors for post-operative SEH have been reported, few studies focused on patients' laboratory tests. The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence of symptomatic SEH following lumbar spinal surgery, as well as identify the risk factors for it. METHODS: Patients who underwent posterior lumbar spinal decompression surgery between January 2010 and August 2016 were included in this study and their medical records were retrospectively reviewed. Those who developed post-operative symptomatic SEH after the surgery were identified. The risk factors for SEH were analyzed by univariate and multivariate regression analysis. RESULTS: In total, 2715 patients were included in this study and 31 (1.14%) were identified with post-operative symptomatic SEH. Of these patients, 19 were males and 12 were females, with an average age of 59.39 ± 11.66 years. After multivariate logistic regression analysis, low serum calcium level (P = 0.025), blood type A (P = 0.04), increased estimated blood loss (P = 0.032), prolonged surgical duration (P = 0.018), and decreased post-operative globulin (P = 0.016) were identified as the independent risk factors for post-operative SEH following lumbar spinal surgery. Furthermore, prolonged surgical duration (odds ratio = 3.105) was the strongest risk factor for SEH. CONCLUSION: Based on a large population investigation, the incidence of symptomatic SEH following lumbar spinal decompression surgery was 1.14%. Blood type A, increased estimated blood loss, and prolonged surgical duration were identified as the independent risk factors for post-operative SEH while two new risk factors, including low serum calcium level and decreased post-operative globulin, were firstly identified in this study.


Assuntos
Hematoma Epidural Espinal/epidemiologia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Hematoma Epidural Espinal/etiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Adulto Jovem
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