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1.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 16061, 2024 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38992190

RESUMO

Rhizome rot is a destructive soil-borne disease of Polygonatum kingianum and adversely affects the yield and sustenance of the plant. Understanding how the causal fungus Fusarium oxysporum infects P. kingianum may suggest effective control measures against rhizome rot. In germinating conidia of infectious F. oxysporum, expression of the zinc finger transcription factor gene Zfp1, consisting of two C2H2 motifs, was up-regulated. To characterize the critical role of ZFP1, we generated independent deletion mutants (zfp1) and complemented one mutant with a transgenic copy of ZFP1 (zfp1 tZFP1). Mycelial growth and conidial production of zfp1 were slower than those of wild type (ZFP1) and zfp1 tZFP1. Additionally, a reduced inhibition of growth suggested zfp1 was less sensitive to conditions promoting cell wall and osmotic stresses than ZFP1 and zfp1 tZFP1. Furthermore pathogenicity tests suggested a critical role for growth of zfp1 in infected leaves and rhizomes of P. kingianum. Thus ZFP1 is important for mycelial growth, conidiation, osmoregulation, and pathogenicity in P. kingianum.


Assuntos
Proteínas Fúngicas , Fusarium , Osmorregulação , Doenças das Plantas , Polygonatum , Esporos Fúngicos , Fatores de Transcrição , Dedos de Zinco , Fusarium/patogenicidade , Fusarium/genética , Fusarium/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fusarium/fisiologia , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Esporos Fúngicos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Esporos Fúngicos/genética , Virulência/genética , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Polygonatum/microbiologia , Regulação Fúngica da Expressão Gênica
2.
PeerJ ; 12: e17606, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38952989

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effects of 12-week weight-bearing dance aerobics (WBDA) on muscle morphology, strength and functional fitness in older women. Methods: This controlled study recruited 37 female participants (66.31y ± 3.83) and divided them into intervention and control groups according to willingness. The intervention group received 90-min WBDA thrice a week for 12 weeks, while the control group maintained normal activities. The groups were then compared by measuring muscle thickness, fiber length and pennation angle by ultrasound, muscle strength using an isokinetic multi-joint module and functional fitness, such as 2-min step test, 30-s chair stand, chair sit-and-reach, TUG and single-legged closed-eyed standing test. The morphology, strength, and functional fitness were compared using ANCOVA or Mann-Whitney U test to study the effects of 12 weeks WBDA. Results: Among all recruited participants, 33 completed all tests. After 12 weeks, the thickness of the vastus intermedius (F = 17.85, P < 0.01) and quadriceps (F = 15.62, P < 0.01) was significantly increased in the intervention group compared to the control group, along with a significant increase in the torque/weight of the knee flexor muscles (F = 4.47, P = 0.04). Similarly, the intervention group revealed a significant improvement in the single-legged closed-eyed standing test (z = -2.16, P = 0.03) compared to the control group. Conclusion: The study concluded that compared to the non-exercising control group, 12-week WBDA was shown to thicken vastus intermedius, increase muscle strength, and improve physical function in older women. In addition, this study provides a reference exercise program for older women.


Assuntos
Dança , Força Muscular , Suporte de Carga , Humanos , Feminino , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Idoso , Dança/fisiologia , Suporte de Carga/fisiologia , Aptidão Física/fisiologia , Extremidade Inferior/fisiologia , Extremidade Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Músculo Esquelético/anatomia & histologia , Músculo Esquelético/diagnóstico por imagem , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Músculo Quadríceps/fisiologia , Músculo Quadríceps/diagnóstico por imagem , Músculo Quadríceps/anatomia & histologia
3.
Conscious Cogn ; 123: 103727, 2024 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38972289

RESUMO

The intentional binding effect refers to the phenomenon where the perceived temporal interval between a voluntary action and its sensory consequence is subjectively compressed. Prior research revealed the importance of tactile feedback from the keyboard on this effect. Here we examined the necessity of such tactile feedback by utilizing a touch-free key-press device without haptic feedback, and explored how initial/outcome sensory modalities (visual/auditory/tactile) and their consistency influence the intentional binding effect. Participants estimated three delay lengths (250, 550, or 850 ms) between the initial and outcome stimuli. Results showed that regardless of the combinations of sensory modalities between the initial and the outcome stimuli (i.e., modal consistency), the intentional binding effect was only observed in the 250 ms delay condition. This findings indicate a stable intentional binding effect both within and across sensory modalities, supporting the existence of a shared mechanism underlying the binding effect in touch-free voluntary actions.

4.
Surg Endosc ; 2024 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38902410

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the improvements in laparoscopic or robotic surgical techniques and instruments, a growing number of surgeons have attempted to complete all digestive tract reconstruction intracorporeally; these procedures include totally robotic gastrectomy (TRG) and totally laparoscopic gastrectomy (TLG). This study aimed to evaluate the safety and feasibility of the TRG and compare the short-term outcomes of the TRG and TLG in patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: Between January 2018 and June 2023, 346 consecutive patients who underwent TRG or TLG at a high-volume academic gastric cancer specialty center were included. 1:1 propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to reduce confounding bias. The surgical outcomes, postoperative morbidity, and surgical burden were compared in PSM cohort. RESULTS: After PSM, a well-balanced cohort of 194 patients (97 in each group) was included in the analysis. The total operation time of the TRG group was significantly longer than that of the TLG group (244.9 vs. 213.0 min, P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in the effective operation time between the 2 groups (217.8 vs. 207.2 min, P = 0.059). The digestive tract reconstruction time of the TRG group was significantly shorter than that of the TLG group (39.4 vs. 46.7 min, P < 0.001). The mean blood loss in the TRG group was less than that in the TLG group (101.1 vs. 126.8 mL, P = 0.014). The TRG group had more retrieved lymph nodes in the suprapancreatic area than that in the TLG group (16.6 vs 14.2, P = 0.002). The TRG group had a lower surgery task load index (38.9 vs. 43.1, P < 0.001) than the TLG group. No significant difference was found in terms of postoperative morbidity between the 2 groups (14.4% vs. 16.5%, P = 0.691). CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that TRG is a safe and feasible procedure, and is preferable to TLG in terms of invasion and ergonomics. The TRG may maximize the superiority of robotic surgical systems and embodies the theory of minimally invasive surgery.

5.
Bioorg Chem ; 150: 107596, 2024 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38941699

RESUMO

A novel series of 1,8-naphthalimide piperazinamide based benzenesulfonamides derivatives were designed and synthesized as carbonic anhydrase IX (CA IX) inhibitors and ferroptosis inducers for the treatment of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). The representative compound 9o exhibited more potent inhibitory activity and selective against CA IX over off-target CA II, compared with positive control SLC-0111. Molecular docking study was also performed to gain insights into the binding interactions of 9o in the binding pocket of CAIX. Moreover, compound 9o exhibited superior antitumor activities against breast cancer cells under hypoxia than that of normoxia conditions. Mechanism studies revealed that compound 9o could act as DNA intercalator and effectively suppressed cell migration, arrested the cell cycle at G1/S phase and induced apoptosis in MDA-MB-231 cells, while inducing ferroptosis accompanied by the dissipation of MMP and the elevation intracellular levels of ROS. Notably, in vivo studies demonstrated that 9o effectively inhibited tumor growth and metastasis in a highly metastatic murine breast cancer 4 T1 xenograft model. Taken together, this study suggests that compound 9o represents a potent and selective CA IX inhibitor and ferroptosis inducer for the treatment of TNBC.

6.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2401815, 2024 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38887194

RESUMO

In recent years, the integration of single-cell multi-omics data has provided a more comprehensive understanding of cell functions and internal regulatory mechanisms from a non-single omics perspective, but it still suffers many challenges, such as omics-variance, sparsity, cell heterogeneity, and confounding factors. As it is known, the cell cycle is regarded as a confounder when analyzing other factors in single-cell RNA-seq data, but it is not clear how it will work on the integrated single-cell multi-omics data. Here, a cell cycle-aware network (CCAN) is developed to remove cell cycle effects from the integrated single-cell multi-omics data while keeping the cell type-specific variations. This is the first computational model to study the cell-cycle effects in the integration of single-cell multi-omics data. Validations on several benchmark datasets show the outstanding performance of CCAN in a variety of downstream analyses and applications, including removing cell cycle effects and batch effects of scRNA-seq datasets from different protocols, integrating paired and unpaired scRNA-seq and scATAC-seq data, accurately transferring cell type labels from scRNA-seq to scATAC-seq data, and characterizing the differentiation process from hematopoietic stem cells to different lineages in the integration of differentiation data.

7.
Transl Oncol ; 46: 102020, 2024 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38843659

RESUMO

This study investigated the synergistic potential of an oncolytic herpes simplex virus armed with interleukin 12 (VT1092M) in combination with immune checkpoint inhibitors for enhancing antitumor responses. The potential of this combination treatment to induce systemic antitumor immunity was assessed using bilateral subcutaneous tumor and tumor re-challenge mouse models. The antitumor efficacy of various OV and ICI treatment combinations and the underlying mechanisms were explored through diverse analytical techniques, including flow cytometry and RNA sequencing. Using VT1092M, either alone or in combination with an anti-PD-L1 antibody, significantly reduced the sizes of both the injected and untreated abscopal tumors in a bilateral tumor mouse model. The combination therapy demonstrated superior antitumor efficacy to the other treatment conditions tested, which was accompanied by an increase in T cell numbers and CD8+T cell activation. Results from the survival and tumor re-challenge experiments showed that the combination therapy elicited long-term, tumor-specific immune responses, which were associated with tumor clearance and prolonged survival. Immune cell depletion assays identified CD8+T cells as the crucial mediators of systemic antitumor immunity during combination therapy. In conclusion, the combination of VT1092M and PD-L1 blockade emerged as a potent inducer of antitumor immune responses, surpassing the efficacy of each monotherapy. This synergistic approach holds promise for achieving robust and sustained antitumor immunity, with potential implications for preventing tumor metastasis in patients with cancer.

8.
Front Psychiatry ; 15: 1283519, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38863609

RESUMO

Background: Depression is a primary cause of illness and disability among teenagers, and the incidence of depression and the number of untreated young people have increased in recent years. Effective intervention for those youths could decrease the disease burden and suicide or self-harm risk during preadolescence and adolescence. Objective: To verify the short efficacy of the systemic couple group therapy (SCGT) on youths' depression changes and families with depressed adolescents. Methods: The study was a self-control trial; only within-group changes were evaluated. Participants were couples with a depressed child who was resistant to psychotherapy; they were recruited non-randomly through convenient sampling. The paired-sample t-test and Wilcoxon signed-rank test were used to compare differences before and after interventions. The effect sizes were also estimated using Cohen's d. Spearman's correlation analysis was used to examine associations between changes. Results: A downward trend was seen in depressive symptoms after treatment, and Cohen's d was 0.33 (p = 0.258). The adolescents perceived fewer interparental conflicts, and the effect sizes were medium for perceived conflict frequency (0.66, p = 0.043), conflict intensity (0.73, p = 0.028), conflict solutions (0.75, p = 0.025), coping efficacy (0.68, p = 0.038), and perceived threat (0.57, p = 0.072). For parents, global communication quality, constructive communication patterns, and subjective marital satisfaction significantly improved after interventions, with large effect sizes (1.11, 0.85, and 1.03, respectively; all p < 0.001). Other destructive communication patterns such as demand/withdraw (p = 0.003) and mutual avoidance (p = 0.018) and communication strategies like verbal aggression (p = 0.012), stonewalling (p = 0.002), avoidance-capitulation (p = 0.036), and child involvement (p = 0.001) also reduced, with medium effect sizes (0.69, 0.52, 0.55, 0.71, 0.46, and 0.79, respectively). Meanwhile, the associations between depression changes and changes in interparental conflicts (p < 0.001) and marital satisfaction (p = 0.001) were significant. Conclusions and clinical relevance: The SCGT offers the possibility for the treatment of families with depressed children who are unwilling to seek treatment. Helping parents improve communication and marital quality may have benefits on children's depressive symptoms.

9.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 212: 108788, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38830276

RESUMO

Identifying green and effective measures for reducing wheat Cd toxicity and grain Cd accumulation is crucial. This study used seedling sand culture and full-grown pot experiments of wheat cultivars 'Luomai23' (LM) and 'Zhongyu10' (ZY). The purpose was to determine the effects of exogenous MeJA on the phenotype, photosynthesis, antioxidant system, Cd accumulation and distribution, transporter gene expression, and cell wall properties of Cd-stressed wheat. Compared with Cd treatment alone, the plant height and maximum root length treated with 0.001 µM MeJA increased by more than 6.3% and 16.6%, respectively. Under 5 mg⋅kg-1 Cd treatment, spraying 10 µM MeJA increased the photosynthetic rate of LM and ZY by 23.5% and 35.8% at the filling stage, respectively. Methyl jasmonate significantly reduced the H2O2 and MDA contents by increasing the activities of POD, DHAR, MDHAR, and GR and the contents of AsA and GSH. Applicating MeJA increased the content of chelate substances, cell wall polysaccharides, and cell wall functional groups. Besides, MeJA regulated the expression of Cd transporter genes, with shoot and root Cd content decreasing by 46.7% and 27.9% in LM, respectively. Spraying 10 µM MeJA reduced Cd absorption and translocation from vegetative organs to grains, thus reducing the grain Cd content of LM and ZY by 36.1 and 39.9% under 5 mg⋅kg-1 Cd treatment, respectively. Overexpressing TaJMT significantly increased the MeJA content and Cd tolerance of Arabidopsis. These results have improved the understanding of the mechanism through which MeJA alleviates Cd toxicity and reduces Cd accumulation in wheat.


Assuntos
Acetatos , Antioxidantes , Cádmio , Ciclopentanos , Oxilipinas , Triticum , Triticum/metabolismo , Triticum/efeitos dos fármacos , Triticum/genética , Ciclopentanos/farmacologia , Ciclopentanos/metabolismo , Oxilipinas/farmacologia , Oxilipinas/metabolismo , Acetatos/farmacologia , Cádmio/metabolismo , Cádmio/toxicidade , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Parede Celular/metabolismo , Parede Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Fotossíntese/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Fisiológico/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética
10.
Cell Rep Med ; 5(6): 101592, 2024 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38843841

RESUMO

Environmental lipids are essential for fueling tumor energetics, but whether these exogenous lipids transported into cancer cells facilitate immune escape remains unclear. Here, we find that CD36, a transporter for exogenous lipids, promotes acute myeloid leukemia (AML) immune evasion. We show that, separately from its established role in lipid oxidation, CD36 on AML cells senses oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) to prime the TLR4-LYN-MYD88-nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) pathway, and exogenous palmitate transfer via CD36 further potentiates this innate immune pathway by supporting ZDHHC6-mediated MYD88 palmitoylation. Subsequently, NF-κB drives the expression of immunosuppressive genes that inhibit anti-tumor T cell responses. Notably, high-fat-diet or hypomethylating agent decitabine treatment boosts the immunosuppressive potential of AML cells by hijacking CD36-dependent innate immune signaling, leading to a dampened therapeutic effect. This work is of translational interest because lipid restriction by US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved lipid-lowering statin drugs improves the efficacy of decitabine therapy by weakening leukemic CD36-mediated immunosuppression.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD36 , Decitabina , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Lipoproteínas LDL , Antígenos CD36/metabolismo , Antígenos CD36/genética , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/imunologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Decitabina/farmacologia , Decitabina/uso terapêutico , Lipoproteínas LDL/metabolismo , Animais , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/metabolismo , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/genética , Camundongos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Evasão Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Aciltransferases/genética , Imunidade Inata/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
11.
J Obstet Gynaecol ; 44(1): 2368773, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38934480

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to analyse the expression of microRNA-223 (miR-223) in embryo culture medium and its correlation with pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: Two hundred and two patients undergoing in vitro fertilisation/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) were divided into clinical pregnancy group (n = 101) and non-pregnant group (n = 101). The baseline data, clinical indicators, and the expression level of miR-223 in the embryo medium were compared between the two groups. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyse the relationship between each index and the pregnancy outcome. Receiver operator characteristic curve was carried out to evaluate the differential ability of miR-223 in pregnancy status. Bioinformatics methods were used to identify the target genes of miR-223 and elucidate their functions. RESULTS: Compared with pregnancy group, the non-pregnancy group exhibited a reduction in miR-223 expression (p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed that miR-223 reduction was an independent factor for pregnancy failure (p < 0.05). The ROC curve demonstrated the discriminative capability of miR-223 in distinguishing pregnancy and non-pregnancy. In addition, bioinformatics analysis indicated that the target genes of miR-223 were predominantly located in the endocytic vesicle membrane and were primarily enriched in adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signalling pathways. CONCLUSION: In this study, levels of miR-223 in the embryo culture medium predicted pregnancy outcomes in subjects undergoing IVF/ICSI. Low expression of miR-223 was a risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes in subjects.


In this study, 202 patients who underwent IVF/ICSI were retrospectively analysed and categorised into pregnant and non-pregnant groups based on their pregnancy status. The examination of embryo culture medium samples from both groups revealed that the non-pregnant group exhibited lower miR-223 expression compared to the pregnant group. Subsequent ROC analysis demonstrated the clinical relevance of miR-223 in effectively distinguishing between pregnant and non-pregnant states. Multi-factor analysis further established that the diminished expression of miR-223 independently influenced the likelihood of successful pregnancy.


Assuntos
Fertilização in vitro , MicroRNAs , Resultado da Gravidez , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Adulto , Fertilização in vitro/métodos , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Técnicas de Cultura Embrionária
12.
Org Lett ; 26(25): 5253-5257, 2024 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38869448

RESUMO

A ligand-free palladium-catalyzed and norbornadiene-mediated annulation reaction of iodoarenes with methyl 2-haloarenecarboxylates is reported. The sequentially accomplished reaction comprises intermolecular C-H arylation, followed by intramolecular decarboxylative annulation, affording various valuable phenanthrenes. This reaction protocol could be expanded to triphenylene syntheses whereby norbornene was the cocatalyst. Interestingly, the decarboxylation of methyl esters was accomplished via solvent-mediated CMe-O bond cleavages.

13.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e30198, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38707345

RESUMO

Background: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the major reason for the death of young people and is well known for its high mortality and morbidity. This paper aim to predict the 24h survival of patients with TBI. Methods: A total of 1224 samples were involved in this analysis, and the clinical indicators involved included age, gender, blood pressure, MGAP and other fields, among which the target variable was "outcome", which was a binary variable. The methods mainly involved in this paper include data visualization analysis, single factor analysis, feature engineering analysis, random forest model (RF), K-Nearst Neighbors (KNN) model, and so on. Logistic regression model (LR) and deep neural network model (DNN). We will oversample the training set using the SMOTE method because of the very unbalanced labeling of the sample itself. Results: Although the accuracy of all models is very high, the recall rate is relatively low. The DNN model with the best performance only reaches 0.17, and the corresponding AUC is 0.80. After resampling, we find that the recall rate of positive samples of all models has increased a lot, but the AUC of some models has decreased. Finally, the optimal model is LR, whose positive sample recall rate is 0.67 and AUC is 0.82. Conclusion: Through resampling, we obtained that the best model is the RF model, whose recall rate and AUC are the best, and the AUC level is about 0.87, indicating that the accuracy performance of the model is still good.

14.
Small Methods ; : e2400030, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716631

RESUMO

High-quality, low-cost, and rapid detection is essential for the society to reopen the economy during the critical period of transition from Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic response to pandemic control. In addition to performing sustainable and target-driven tracking of SARS-CoV-2, conducting comprehensive surveillance of variants and multiple respiratory pathogens is also critical due to the frequency of reinfections, mutation immune escape, and the growing prevalence of the cocirculation of multiple viruses. By utilizing a 0.05 cents wax interface, a Stable Interface assisted Multiplex Pathogenesis Locating Estimation in Onepot (SIMPLEone) using nested RPA and CRISPR/Cas12a enzymatic reporting system is successfully developed. This smartphone-based SIMPLEone system achieves highly sensitive one-pot detection of SARS-CoV-2 and its variants, or multiple respiratory viruses, in 40 min. A total of 89 clinical samples, 14 environmental samples, and 20 cat swab samples are analyzed by SIMPLEone, demonstrating its excellent sensitivity (3-6 copies/reaction for non-extraction detection of swab and 100-150 copies/mL for RNA extraction-based assay), accuracy (>97.7%), and specificity (100%). Furthermore, a high percentage (44.2%) of co-infection cases are detected in SARS-CoV-2-infected patients using SIMPLEone's multiplex detection capability.

15.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 4111, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38750018

RESUMO

Clarifying migration timing and its link with underlying drivers is fundamental to understanding the evolution of bird migration. However, previous studies have focused mainly on environmental drivers such as the latitudes of seasonal distributions and migration distance, while the effect of intrinsic biological traits remains unclear. Here, we compile a global dataset on the annual cycle of migratory birds obtained by tracking 1531 individuals and 177 populations from 186 species, and investigate how body mass, a key intrinsic biological trait, influenced timings of the annual cycle using Bayesian structural equation models. We find that body mass has a strong direct effect on departure date from non-breeding and breeding sites, and indirect effects on arrival date at breeding and non-breeding sites, mainly through its effects on migration distance and a carry-over effect. Our results suggest that environmental factors strongly affect the timing of spring migration, while body mass affects the timing of both spring and autumn migration. Our study provides a new foundation for future research on the causes of species distribution and movement.


Assuntos
Migração Animal , Teorema de Bayes , Aves , Estações do Ano , Migração Animal/fisiologia , Animais , Aves/fisiologia , Peso Corporal , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol ; 51(7): e13868, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38745265

RESUMO

Cervical cancer (CC) is a gynaecological malignancy tumour that seriously threatens women's health. Recent evidence has identified that interferon regulatory factor 5 (IRF5), a nucleoplasm shuttling protein, is a pivotal transcription factor regulating the growth and metastasis of various human tumours. This study aimed to investigate the function and molecular basis of IRF5 in CC development. IRF5, protein phosphatase 6 catalytic subunit (PPP6C) and methyltransferase-like 3 (METTL3) mRNA levels were evaluated by quantitative real-time (qRT)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR). IRF5, PPP6C, METTL3, B-cell lymphoma 2 and Bax protein levels were detected using western blot. Cell proliferation, migration, invasion, angiogenesis and apoptosis were determined by using colony formation, 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU), transwell, tube formation assay and flow cytometry assay, respectively. Glucose uptake and lactate production were measured using commercial kits. Xenograft tumour assay in vivo was used to explore the role of IRF5. After JASPAR predication, binding between IRF5 and PPP6C promoter was verified using chromatin immunoprecipitation and dual-luciferase reporter assays. Moreover, the interaction between METTL3 and IRF5 was verified using methylated RNA immunoprecipitation (MeRIP). IRF5, PPP6C and METTL3 were highly expressed in CC tissues and cells. IRF5 silencing significantly inhibited cell proliferation, migration, invasion, angiogenesis and glycolytic metabolism in CC cells, while induced cell apoptosis. Furthermore, the absence of IRF5 hindered tumour growth in vivo. At the molecular level, IRF5 might bind with PPP6C to positively regulate the expression of PPP6C mRNA. Meanwhile, IRF5 was identified as a downstream target of METTL3-mediated m6A modification. METTL3-mediated m6A modification of mRNA might promote CC malignant progression by regulating PPP6C, which might provide a promising therapeutic target for CC treatment.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células , Progressão da Doença , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon , Metiltransferases , Regulação para Cima , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Metiltransferases/genética , Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/genética , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Animais , Proliferação de Células/genética , Camundongos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Apoptose/genética , Movimento Celular/genética , Camundongos Nus , Invasividade Neoplásica , Neovascularização Patológica/genética , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Neovascularização Patológica/metabolismo
17.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e30438, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38765101

RESUMO

Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disease characterized by increased iron deposition in the basal ganglia and progressive degeneration of the nervous system in adulthood. However, in early childhood, there were no characteristic features to perform early diagnosis. In our study, a female child exhibited global developmental delay, intellectual disability, and febrile seizure without other distinct clinical phenotypes. Through whole exome sequencing (WES), a de novo nonsense mutation (c.726C > G, p. Tyr242Ter) of WDR45 gene was identified in this child. She was finally diagnosed as ß-propeller protein-associated neurodegeneration (BPAN), one of the recently identified subtypes of NBIA. This mutation could act as a premature stop codon (PSC) which rendered the mutated transcripts to be degraded by nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD), leading to decreased levels of PSC-containing mRNAs. Additionally, through mini-gene splicing assays, this mutation could result in an unprecedented novel transcript with the exon 9 of WDR45 excluded by nonsense-associated splicing alteration (NASA). Transcriptome sequencing (RNA-seq) on total RNAs from PBMCs of the trio revealed three types of alternative splicing events in the patient. Further research implied that downregulation of iron transport genes (TFRC, TFR2, SCARA5) might be the underlying mechanism for the iron accumulation in patients with deficient WDR45. This is the first report about NASA happening in WDR45. It implies that nonsense mutations approximal to splicing sites could affect the disease pathogenesis through more than one molecular mechanism and should be taken into consideration when conducting genetic counseling.

18.
Risk Manag Healthc Policy ; 17: 803-814, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38606346

RESUMO

Aim: To evaluate the existing level of emergency capabilities among shared nurses and analyze the factors influencing these capabilities. Methods: An descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted from September to October 2023, a purposive sampling method was employed to select 340 shared nurses as the subjects for investigation in Nanchang and Ganzhou cities of Jiangxi Province, as well as Wenzhou city in Zhejiang Province. A self - designed questionnaire on the emergency capabilities of shared nurses was utilized for data collection. Results: This investigation encompassed the collection of 340 valid questionnaires, assessing the overall emergency response proficiency of shared nurses. The cumulative score amounted to (170.81±24.62), averaging (4.27±0.62). It is noteworthy that the dimension scoring the highest was preparedness (4.33±0.68), whereas the recovery capability dimension received the lowest score (4.17±0.75). Through multiple linear regression analysis, it was determined that marital status, participation in emergency capability training, and experience in home nursing services significantly influenced the emergency capabilities of shared nurses (P<0.05). Conclusion: Shared nurses in China demonstrate a moderately high level of emergency response capability. The marital status, participation in emergency capacity training, and on-site nursing service experience are pivotal factors influencing the emergency capabilities of shared nurses. Nursing administrators should prioritize the development of emergency capacity training and team building for shared nurses, establishing a scientifically standardized mechanism for training, assessment, and management. The implementation of performance evaluation mechanisms for shared nurses is crucial to enhance professional awareness within the workforce.

19.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 42(2): 249-255, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597085

RESUMO

Complicated crown root fracture is a serious combined fracture of the enamel, dentin, and cementum in dental trauma. The treatment method is complicated. During the procedure, the condition of pulp, periodontal, and tooth body should be thoroughly evaluated, and a multidisciplinary approach combined with sequential treatment is recommended. This case reported the different treatment and repair processes of one case of two affected teeth after complicated crown root fracture of upper anterior teeth, including regrafting of broken crown after flap surgery at the first visit, direct resin repair to remove broken fragments, and pulp treatment and post-crown repair at the second visit. After 18 months of follow-up, the preservation treatment of the affected teeth with complicated crown root fracture was achieved. Therefore, fragment reattachment and post-crown restoration are feasible treatment options for children with complicated crown root fracture.


Assuntos
Fraturas dos Dentes , Raiz Dentária , Criança , Humanos , Incisivo/lesões , Coroa do Dente/lesões , Fraturas dos Dentes/terapia , Exposição da Polpa Dentária/terapia , Coroas
20.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0298314, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38662750

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: While growing psychological health issues among pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic have been clearly validated, most research was conducted in countries with relatively lax quarantine measures. This study aimed to compare the prevalence of prenatal depression among pre-, peak-, and post-COVID-19 in Beijing, the region with a stringent response policy in China. We also explore predictors of prenatal depression throughout the outbreak. METHODS: We investigated prenatal depression among 742 pregnant women who received antenatal checkups in Beijing from March 28, 2019 to May 07, 2021 using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and associative demographic, pregnancy-related, and psychosocial characteristics were measured. The phase was divided into pre-, peak-, and post-COVID-19 in light of the trajectory of COVID-19. Pearson's Chi-square test was used after the examination of confounders homogeneity. The bivariable and multivariable logistic regression was conducted to explore predictors. RESULTS: The pooled prevalence of prenatal depression was 11.9% throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. Rates at different phases were 10.6%, 15.2%, and 11.1% respectively and no significant difference was observed. Multivariable logistic regression revealed that history of mental illness, number of boy-preference from both pregnant women and husband's family, social support, occupation, and living space were independent predictors of prenatal depression in Beijing. CONCLUSION: Our data suggested that the impact of this pandemic on prenatal depression in Beijing appears to be not significant, which will strengthen confidence in adhering to current policy for decision-makers and provide important guidance for the development of major outbreak control and management policies in the future. Our findings may also provide a more efficient measure to identify high-risk pregnant women for professionals and help raise gender equity awareness of pregnant women and their husbands' families. Future studies should focus on the value of targeted care and family relations on the mental health of pregnant women.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Depressão , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Feminino , Gravidez , Adulto , Prevalência , Pequim/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Pandemias , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/psicologia , Gestantes/psicologia , Adulto Jovem , China/epidemiologia
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