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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 282: 114656, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34551361

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Aidi injection is one of the China Food and Drug Administration approved Chinese herbal injections and the most competitive product in cancer care in China. It is composed of the extracts from Mylabris Phalerata, Astragalus Membranaceus, Panax Ginseng, and Acanthopanax Senticosus. AIM OF THE STUDY: This overview aims to map systematic reviews (SRs) of Aidi injection for cancer and provide a summarized evidence for clinical practice and decision making. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven databases were searched for SRs and/or meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials on Aidi injection for cancer care until December 2020. Six authors worked in pairs independently identified studies, collected data, and assessed the quality of included studies according to the revised Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR 2) and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). A narrative synthesis was used for the evidence mapping. RESULTS: Fifty-two SRs on Aidi injection as adjuvant therapy were included, involving lung cancer (20 SRs), liver cancer (10), colorectal cancer (7), gastric cancer (6), lymphoma (2), breast cancer (2), esophageal cancer (1), ovary cancer (1), and a mix of different cancers (4). Except for one SR focusing on Aidi injection used alone, other SRs evaluated Aidi injection in combination with chemotherapy (43), radiotherapy (4), or chemo/radiology/targeting therapy (4). Aidi injection showed additional beneficial effects on survival (9), objective response rate (44), quality of life (42), and the reduction of side-effects from chemo/radiotherapy (48). Using AMSTAR 2 tool, two reviews were assessed as low and the rest as critically low methodological quality mainly due to the lack of prospective registration. The reporting quality was insufficient assessed with PRISMA in the reporting of search strategy (26, 50.0%), additional analysis (19, 36.5%), and the summary of evidence (2, 3.8%). CONCLUSION: Aidi injection has been evaluated for its adjuvant beneficial effects on cancer survival, tumor responses, quality of life, and reducing the side effects of chemo/radiotherapy, mainly focusing on lung, liver and colorectal cancer. The methodological and reporting quality are weak and need to be improved in the future.

2.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 21(1): 228, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517855

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been a proposed treatment option for ulcerative colitis (UC), however it has been difficult to understand the breadth and depth of evidence as various Chinese medicine therapies may produce effects differently. The aim of this evidence mapping is to visually understand the available evidence in the use of TCM in the treatment of UC, and to identify gaps in evidence to inform priorities of future research. METHODS: A systematic electronic literature search of six databases were performed to identify systematic reviews (SRs) on different Chinese medicine therapies in the treatment in UC. Methodological quality of the included SRs was assessed using AMSTAR 2. RESULTS: The mapping was based on 73 SRs, which included nine interventions that met eligibility criteria. The quality of the included SRs was very low. The diseases stages of patients with UC varied greatly, from active to remission, to non-acute outbreak, to not reported. The results mostly favored the method of intervention. Oral administration combined with enema was the most widely used route of administration in secondary research. CONCLUSION: Based on the current evidence, the treatment of UC with TCM can only be recommended cautiously. A majority of included SRs did not report the location of the disease, the disease classification, and the route of administration of the intervention. Further research is needed on the effectiveness of Chinese medicine alone in the treatment of UC. The effectiveness of combined Chinese and conventional medicine combined with different routes of administration cannot be confirmed. Attention should be paid to the methodological quality of the systematic review. Unifies the outcome indicators used in the evaluation of effectiveness.

3.
Mol Immunol ; 139: 10-22, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34450538

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests that long non coding RNA (lncRNA) small nucleolar RNA host gene 4 (SNHG4) has become a new insight into lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced microglia inflammation, its role in neonatal pneumonia (NP) remains to be largely unrevealed. METHODS: RT-qPCR was used to determine the expression of SNHG4 and METTL3 in the serum from NP patients and normal volunteers, as well as in LPS treated-WI-38 cells. The SNHG4 overexpression vector (pcDNA-SNHG4) was transfected into LPS-treated cells. CCK-8, Transwell, annexin V-FITC/PI, ELISA and Western blot assays were used to determine cell proliferation, migration, apoptosis, contents of IL-6, TNF-α, SOD and MDA, as well as the expression levels of NF-κB pathway proteins, respectively. The enrichment of SNHG4 in the METTL3 promoter region was assessed with RIP assay. m6A quantitative analysis illustrated the m6A level with or without SNHG4 overexpression or METTL3 silencing. Bioinformatics analysis and RIP-PCR were used to predict and validate YTHDF1-mediated m6A levels on signal transducer and activator of transcription 2 (STAT2) mRNA in METTL3 inhibited cells. Then rescue experiments were performed to explore effects of SNHG4 and METTL3 or STAT2 on LPS-treated cell functions. Subsequently, in vivo functional experiments were performed to investigate the role of SNHG4 in LPS induced pneumonia in mice. RESULTS: SNHG4 was downregulated, and METTL3 was upregulated in NP patients and LPS-treated cells. SNHG4 overexpression facilitated cell proliferation, migration and SOD concentration, as well as inhibited cell apoptosis and production of IL-6, TNF-α and MDA, and suppressed the expression of NF-κB pathway proteins. Mechanistically, SNHG4 bound with METTL3 and downregulated METTL3 expression. Besides, total m6A level was lower in the SNHG4 overexpressed or METTL3 inhibited cells. METTL3 interference reduced m6A levels of STAT2 mRNA, decreased STAT2 mRNA stability and promoted STAT2 translation level. Upregulation of METTL3 or STAT2 reversed the effects of SNHG4 overexpression on LPS-treated cell functions. CONCLUSIONS: This study reveals that SNHG4 promotes LPS induced inflammation in human lung fibroblasts and mouse lung tissues in vitro and in vivo by inhibiting METTL3-mediated m6A level of STAT2 mRNA, which may provide a potential therapeutic mechanism for NP.

4.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 281: 114538, 2021 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418510

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Extract from Kushen (Sophora flavescens Aiton) and Baituling (Heterosmilax japonica Kunth), Compound Kushen Injection has a long history for cancer treatment in China. As a common adjunctive drug in chemotherapy of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the evidence of effectiveness and safety of Compound Kushen Injection needs to be synthesized. AIM OF THE STUDY: The objective of this overview is to synthesize recent evidence and assess the methodological quality of systematic reviews (SRs) of Compound Kushen Injection, in treating NSCLC as an adjunctive treatment of chemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched PubMed, PubMed Central, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform and VIP China Science and Technology Journal Database from inception to April 22, 2020. We included SRs of the efficacy and safety of Compound Kushen Injection combined with chemotherapy in the treatment of NSCLC. Two authors assessed eligibility and extracted data. The quality of SRs was assessed using AMSTAR-2. A meta-analysis was conducted for the original trials where good homogeneity was present. Evidence maps using bubble plots illustrated overall results. The quality of the evidence was graded by the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach. RESULTS: Twelve SRs were included, with 91 randomized controlled trials and 7466 participants. Overall, the quality of the included SRs was low. Only six SRs reported specific chemotherapy regimens, three using vinorelbine combined with cisplatin (NP), one using paclitaxel combined with cisplatin (TP), one using gemcitabine combined with cisplatin (GP), and one discussed the three regimens in subgroups. Meta-analysis showed that CKI used as an adjuvant to chemotherapy was superior to chemotherapy alone in promoting tumor complete response rate, tumor partial response rate, Kamofsky score, and relieving some chemotherapy related side effects. Evidence mapping showed that Kushen Injection combined with NP and GP had better effect. The evidence quality of increasing Kamofsky score and decreasing the incidence of leukopenia were moderate, others were low or very low. CONCLUSIONS: There are some favorable effects in improving short-term effectiveness, quality of life and alleviating some side effects of chemotherapy in patients with NSCLC. Results are more promising when Compound Kushen injection is used as an adjunctive to NP and GP. Promising results are however, compromised by the poor quality overall of the clinical trials.

5.
Integr Cancer Ther ; 20: 15347354211031650, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34261372

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is widely integrated into cancer care in China. An overview in 2011 identified 2384 randomized and non-randomized controlled trials (RCTs, non-RCTs) on TCM for cancer published in the Chinese literature. This article summarizes updated evidence of RCTs on TCM for cancer care. METHODS: We searched 4 main Chinese databases: China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Scientific Journal Database, SinoMed, and Wanfang. RCTs on TCM used in cancer care were analyzed in this bibliometric study. RESULTS: Of 5834 RCTs (477 157 cancer patients), only 62 RCTs were indexed in MEDLINE. The top 3 cancers treated were lung, stomach, and breast cancer. About 4752 RCTs (81.45%) tested TCM combined with conventional treatment, and 1082 RCTs (18.55%) used TCM alone for treating symptoms and side-effects. Herbal medicine was the most frequently used TCM modality (5087 RCTs; 87.20%). The most frequently reported outcome was symptom improvement (3712 RCTs; 63.63%) followed by quality of life (2725 RCTs; 46.71%), and biomarkers (2384 RCTs; 40.86%). The majority of RCTs (4051; 69.44%) concluded there were beneficial effects using either TCM alone or TCM plus conventional treatment compared with conventional treatment. CONCLUSION: Substantial randomized trials demonstrated different types/stages of cancer were treated by various TCM modalities, alone or in combination with conventional medicine. Further evaluation on the effects and safety of TCM modalities focusing on outcomes such as quality of life is required.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , China , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
6.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34319503

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To provide evidence on the efficacy and safety of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) as interventions for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Seven electronic databases, including the Cochrane Library, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP), Chinese Biomedical Literature Service System (SinoMed), Wanfang, Embase, and PubMed, were comprehensively searched, from their inception to August 16, 2020, for all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that focused on CHM used alone or in combination with conventional medicine for SLE. Outcomes were SLE activity index (SLEDAI), traditional Chinese medicine symptom/syndrome score (TCMSS), dosage of glucocorticoids, main serological testing, and incidence of adverse events. Data were extracted and pooled using Review Manager 5.3 software. RESULTS: A total of 13 RCTs enrolling 856 participants met our inclusion criteria. Meta-analyses showed that, compared to placebo, CHM had statistically significant effect on reducing SLEDAI score (MD=-1.74, 95% CI: -2.29 to -1.18), diminishing TCMSS (SMD=-0.89, 95% CI: -1.16 to -0.62), decreasing dosage of glucocorticoids (MD=-2.41 mg/d, 95% CI: -3.34 to -1.48), lowering erythrocyte sedimentation rate (MD=-4.78 mm/h, 95% CI: -8.86 to -0.71), and increasing serum complement C4 level (MD=0.03 mg/dL, 95% CI: 0.00 to 0.06). No significant difference was found between CHM and placebo on adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: CHM provided significant beneficial effect on controlling disease activity and reducing dose of glucocorticoids used among SLE patients. Future advanced designed RCTs for CHM treating moderate to severe SLE with multicenter and longer follow-up are urgently needed.

7.
J Affect Disord ; 292: 172-188, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34126309

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the psychological problems on people infected with SARS-CoV-2 during the pandemic. METHODS: In this living systematic review and meta-analyses, we searched seven electronic databases for cross-sectional studies and longitudinal studies on psychological problems on COVID-19 patients from Jan 1, 2020 to Oct 7, 2020. The primary outcome was prevalence of various psychological problems such as anxiety, depression, stress, insomnia, somatization, and fear. We pooled data for prevalence with their 95% confidence interval (CI) using random effect models and assessed the study quality based on the 11-item checklist recommended by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. RESULTS: Fourty-four studies, including studies from China(35), Italy(2), Iran(2), India(1), Korea(1), Ecuador(1), Switzerland(1), Germany(1), were identified by comprising a total of 8587 completed questionnaires and 38 studies for meta-analyses. The prevalence of anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder(PTSD), insomnia, somatization, and fear in patients with COVID-19 was 16.6% (10.1%-23.1%), 37.7% (29.3%-46.2%), 41.5% (9.3%-73.7%), 68.3% (48.6%-88.0%), 36.5% (20.2%-52.8%), 47.6% (9.4%-85.7%), respectively. The prevalence of anxiety, depression, and insomnia in severe COVID-19 patients (intensive care unit inpatients) was higher than mild or clinically stable COVID-19 patients. LIMITATIONS: A significant degree of heterogeneity in terms of populations, sampling methods, scales was noted across studies. CONCLUSIONS: There existed high proportions of COVID-19 patients with psychological problem. The prevalence of psychological problems was closely related to the patients themselves, their surroundings and social support. It is imperative to provide ontime psychological care service for COVID-19 patients and to follow-up them for a longer period.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Saúde Mental , Estresse Psicológico , Ansiedade , COVID-19/psicologia , China , Estudos Transversais , Depressão , Alemanha , Humanos , Índia , Irã (Geográfico) , Itália , Prevalência , República da Coreia , SARS-CoV-2 , Suíça
8.
Complement Ther Med ; 60: 102748, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34118389

RESUMO

The objective of this bibliometric review was to identify the volume, breadth, and characteristics of clinical studies evaluating Tai Chi published between January 2010 and January 2020. Five English and four Chinese language databases were searched. Following independent screening, 1018 eligible publications representing 987 studies were identified, which was a three-fold increase from the previous decade. Most common were randomized controlled trials (548/987, 55.5 %), followed by systematic reviews (157/987, 15.9 %), non-randomized controlled clinical studies (152/987, 15.4 %), case series (127/987, 12.9 %) and case reports (3/987, 0.3 %) that were conducted in China (730/987, 74.0 %), followed by the United States of America (123/987, 12.5 %) and South Korea (20/987, 2.0 %). Study participants were mostly in the adult (55.2 %) and/or older adult (72.0 %) age groups. The top ten diseases/conditions were hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, knee osteoarthritis, heart failure, depression, osteoporosis/osteopenia, breast cancer, coronary heart disease and insomnia. A quarter of the studies enrolled healthy participants to evaluate the effects of Tai Chi on health promotion/preservation, balance/falls, and physiological/biomechanical outcomes. Yang style Tai Chi was the most popular, followed by Chen and Sun style. Tai Chi was mostly commonly delivered face-to-face by a Tai Chi instructor in group settings for 60 min, three times a week, for 12 weeks. Most studies (93.8 %) reported at least one outcome in favor of Tai Chi. Adverse events were underreported (7.2 %). Over half fell short of expected intervention reporting standards, signalling the need for Tai Chi extensions to existing guidelines.

9.
Complement Ther Med ; 60: 102744, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091029

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Chinese patent medicine (CPM) is an indispensable part of traditional Chinese medicine. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) manifests is an acute respiratory infectious disease. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effects and safety of oral CPM for COVID-19. METHODS: We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that tested oral CPM for the treatment of COVID-19 identified from publications in CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, Web of Science, SinoMed, PubMed, Embase, BioRxiv, MedRxiv and arXiv before November 2nd, 2020. The risk of bias for each trial was assessed using the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool 2.0. RevMan 5.4 software was used for data analyses. The certainty of the evidence was assessed using the online GRADEpro tool. RESULTS: Seven RCTs including 1079 participants were identified. The overall bias was assessed as "-high risk of bias" for all included trials. Oral CPM investigated were: Lianhua Qingwen capsule/granules (LHQW), Jinhua Qinggan granules (JHQG), Huoxiang Zhengqi dripping pills (HXZQ), Toujie Quwen granules (TJQW) and Lianhua Qingke granules (LHQK). Compared with conventional western therapy alone for people with COVID-19: regarding the main outcomes, the results showed that oral CPM combined with conventional western therapy improved cure rate (RR = 1.20, 95 % CI 1.04-1.38, involving LHQW and TJQW), reduced aggravation rate (RR = 0.50, 95 % CI 0.29 - 0.85, involving LHQW, JHQG, LHQK and TJQW); with regard to additional outcomes, the results showed that add-on oral CPM shortened the duration of fever, cough and fatigue, improved the recovery rate of cough and fatigue, and increased the improvement and recovery rate of chest CT manifestations. There were some differences in therapeutic effects among various CPMs for the same COVID-19 outcome. The use of TJQW and LHQG appeared not to increase the risk of adverse events, but JHQG may cause mild diarrhea. CONCLUSION: Low-certainty or very low-certainty evidence demonstrated that oral CPM may have add-on potential therapeutic effects for patients with non-serious COVID-19. These findings need to be further confirmed by well-designed clinical trials with adequate sample sizes.


Assuntos
COVID-19/terapia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Medicamentos sem Prescrição/administração & dosagem , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , SARS-CoV-2 , Administração Oral , Viés , Humanos
10.
PLoS One ; 16(5): e0251182, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33983987

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lactation mastitis (LM) affects approximately 3% to 33% of postpartum women and the risk factors of LM have been extensively studied. However, some results in the literature reports are still not conclusive due to the complexity of LM etiology and variation in the populations. To provide nationally representative evidence of the well-accepted risk factors for LM in China, this study was aimed to systematically summary the risk factors for LM among Chinese women and to determine the effect size of individual risk factor. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Six major Chinses and English electronic literature databases (PubMed, Web of Science, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wan fang Database and China Science Technology Journal Database) were searched from their inception to December 5st, 2020. Two authors extracted data and assessed the quality of included trials, independently. The strength of the association was summarized using the odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). The population attributable risk (PAR) percent was calculated for significant risk factors. RESULTS: Fourteen studies involving 8032 participants were included. A total of 18 potential risk factors were eventually evaluated. Significant risk factors for LM included improper milking method (OR 6.79, 95%CI 3.45-13.34; PAR 59.14%), repeated milk stasis (OR 6.23, 95%CI 4.17-9.30; PAR 49.75%), the first six months postpartum (OR 5.11, 95%CI 2.66-9.82; PAR 65.93%), postpartum rest time less than 3 months (OR 4.71, 95%CI 3.92-5.65; PAR 56.95%), abnormal nipple or crater nipple (OR 3.94, 95%CI 2.34-6.63; PAR 42.05%), breast trauma (OR 3.07, 95%CI 2.17-4.33; PAR 15.98%), improper breastfeeding posture (OR 2.47, 95%CI 2.09-2.92; PAR 26.52%), postpartum prone sleeping position (OR 2.46, 95%CI 1.58-3.84; PAR 17.42%), little or no nipple cleaning (OR 2.05, 95%CI 1.58-2.65; PAR 24.73%), primipara (OR 1.73, 95%CI 1.25-2.41; PAR 32.62%), low education level (OR 1.63, 95%CI 1.09-2.43; PAR 23.29%), cesarean section (OR 1.51, 95%CI 1.26-1.81; PAR 18.61%), breast massage experience of non-medical staff (OR 1.51, 95%CI 1.25-1.82; PAR 15.31%) and postpartum mood disorders (OR 1.47, 95%CI 1.06-2.02; PAR 21.27%). CONCLUSIONS: This review specified several important risk factors for LM in China. In particular, the incidence of LM can be reduced by controlling some of the modifiable risk factors such as improper breastfeeding posture, improper milking method, repeated milk stasis, nipple cleaning, breast massage experience of non-medical staff and postpartum sleeping posture.

11.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 21(1): 101, 2021 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33757500

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chinese eye acupuncture, focuses on treating different diseases by applying needle stimulation around the orbit of the eye. Since 1970, it has been used in China for the management of pain-related disorders. This scoping review systematically collected clinical studies on the use of eye acupuncture to treat pain conditions and identify any adverse events. METHODS: Six databases including PubMed, the Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP, Wan Fang Data and SinoMed were searched from 1970 to March 2019. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs), clinical controlled trials (CCTs) and case series on eye-acupuncture for pain conditions meeting the inclusion criteria were identified. Data were extracted on patients, interventions, details of eye acupuncture, control treatments and outcomes. RESULTS: Searches identified 81 clinical studies and a trend demonstrating an increasing number of published studies. All studies were conducted in China and published in Chinese. These included, 45 (55.6%) RCTs, 5 (6.2%) CCTs, and 31 (38.3%) case series, treating 7113 patients with 44 different pain-related diseases or symptoms. The most frequently reported conditions were headache (18, 16.2%), acute lumbar pain (7, 6.3%) and lumbar disc herniation (7, 6.3%). Treatment using small needles (φ0.25 × 13 mm), retained ≤30 min, needling the horizontal outer orbital edge and the avoidance of manipulation during treatment were the most frequent descriptions of the interventions used. Eye acupuncture was used alone in about half of the studies and of the remaining studies it was combined with other treatment. All studies suggested some beneficial effects including: pain relief, improved quality of life and mental health, and 18 (22.2%) adverse events. CONCLUSION: Eye acupuncture, predominantly studied in China, may be a promising intervention for managing diverse pain conditions. However, given the variety of study designs and reported treatment outcomes, conclusions about the evidence for eye acupuncture for specific conditions are not possible at this stage.

12.
Eur J Integr Med ; 41: 101251, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33204368

RESUMO

Introduction: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been fully committed to the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in China. An increasing number of clinical trials have been registered to evaluate the effects of TCM for COVID-19. The aim of this study was to review the existing TCM clinical trial registrations and identify potentially promising and available TCM therapies, in order to provide a reference for the global management of COVID-19. Methods: All clinical trials on TCM for COVID-19 registered in registry platforms worldwide were searched. The data of registration temporal trend, design, objective, interventions, and relevant information were reviewed and summarized. Results: 161 TCM trials were identified from three registries (January 26 to May 14 2020,). Of these, 94 (58.4%) were randomized controlled trials and 114 trials (70.8%) assessed therapeutic effects; while the remainder focused on prevention, rehabilitation, and the epidemiology of TCM syndromes. Eight trials (5.0%) had completed their recruitment. TCM interventions with potential for further evaluation in terms of prevention were moxibustion, Huoxiang Zhengqi pill and Jinye Baidu granules. For treatment of COVID-19, Qingfei Paidu decoction, Huashi Baidu decoction, Lianhua Qingwen capsules, Toujie Quwen granules and Xiyanping injection, and Xuebijing injection were to be tested for their therapeutic effects and symptoms relief. For rehabilitation, Tai Chi and Liuzijue were to be tested for improving patients' lung function. Conclusion: Some potentially promising TCM interventions have been identified and deserve further evaluation to establish their evidence base, particularly on populations outside of China.

13.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 41: 101255, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33176272

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: and purpose The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of applying a partially randomized patients' preference (PRPP) trial in the clinical evaluation of acupuncture versus cupping therapy for fibromyalgia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The final study included 126 participants. Participants without a treatment modality preference were randomly assigned to either the cupping therapy group or the acupuncture group. Patients with strong preferences were assigned to their treatment modality of choice. Ashi points were used for treatment. Outcome measures were both qualitative (patient expectation and satisfaction) and quantitative (drop-out rate, pain intensity, quality of life, depression assessment). RESULTS: The recruitment of the non-randomized participants was completed 8 months before the randomized participants were recruited. There was no statistical difference related to the grouping method in the adjusted drop-out rate, patient expectation, and satisfaction. CONCLUSION: The PRPP model is suitable for use in the clinical evaluation of non-pharmaceutical therapies.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Fibromialgia , Ventosaterapia , Fibromialgia/terapia , Humanos , Preferência do Paciente , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
J Recept Signal Transduct Res ; : 1-8, 2020 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33100116

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study mainly aimed to explore the influences of Calcium Voltage-Gated Channel Subunit Alpha1 B (CACNA1B) on the development of breast cancer and the related mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The information of patients with breast cancer from TCGA database was used for analyses of CACNA1B expression and its prognostic value. Loss- and gain- of functions of CACNA1B were conducted in MCF7 and Bcap-37 cells, respectively. CCK-8, colony formation and transwell assays were applied for evaluating the cell viability and motility. Western blot was used for protein expression detection. RESULTS: We revealed that highly expressed CACNA1B in breast cancer tissues was related to poor prognosis according to the data gained from TCGA database. The outcomes of functional assays showed that depletion of CACNA1B restrained MCF7 cell growth, invasion and migration and high-expression of CACNA1B fortified the growth, invasion and migration in Bcap-37 cells. Finally, we manifested that silencing CACNA1B obviously raised the protein expression level of E-cadherin and reduced the protein levels of Cyclin D1, N-cadherin and Snail in MCF7 cells, whilst, over-expression of CACNA1B reduced the level of E-cadherin and increased the expression of Cyclin D1, N-cadherin and Snail in Bcap-37 cells. CONCLUSIONS: These results identified CACNA1B as a forwarder of the growth, invasion and migration in breast cancer cells.

15.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 20(1): 309, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054760

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ulcerative colitis, characterized by diarrhea, bloody stools and abdominal pain, is a chronic, idiopathic inflammatory disease of the colonic mucosa. In recent years, the incidence of ulcerative colitis presents an increasing trend year by year. Acupuncture, as a potential effective treatment for ulcerative colitis, is widely used in clinical practice. METHODS: We searched PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Chinese CBM Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese VIP Information, and Wanfang Database from the date of the establishment of each database up to March, 2019. We included randomized controlled clinical trials (RCT) comparing acupuncture versus conventional conventional medicine or comparing acupuncture combined with conventional medicine versus conventional medicine in participants with ulcerative colitis. Two authors screened all references, assessed the risk of bias and extracted data independently. We summarized data using risk ratios (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) for binary outcomes. We performed meta-analyses using random effects model. We assessed overall quality of evidence using GRADE. RESULTS: We included 13 RCTs (1030 participants, 515 in the acupuncture group and 515 in the control group). Only one study tested head acupuncture, and the other 12 tested body acupuncture. The treatment duration ranged from 14 to 60 days. Seven trials compared acupuncture alone versus conventional medicine, and six compared acupuncture combined with conventional medicine versus conventional medicine. Acupuncture combined with mesalazine showed better clinical effect (improved clinical symptoms, colonoscopy results and stool examination results) (RR 1.25, 95% CI 1.19 to 1.41; 232 participants; 4 trials; low quality evidence) and better colonoscopy curative effect (RR 1.33, 95% CI 1.04 to 1.71; 108 participants; 2 trials; moderate quality evidence) compared to mesalazine. Acupuncture showed better clinical effect compared to the combination of metronidazole and sulfasalazine (RR 1.21, 95%CI 1.10, 1.34; 318 participants; 3 trials; moderate quality evidence). There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse events between groups. CONCLUSIONS: Both acupuncture alone and acupuncture combined with conventional medicine may be effective in treating ulcerative colitis compared to conventional medicine. Our findings must be interpreted with caution due to high or unclear risk of bias of the included trials.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Colite Ulcerativa/terapia , Terapia Combinada , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
16.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 20(1): 304, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032580

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertension, a major risk factor of cardiovascular mortality, is a critical issue for public health. Although Baduanjin (Eight Brocades, EB), a traditional Chinese exercise, might influence blood pressure, glucose, and lipid status, the magnitude of true effects and subgroup differences remains unclear. Therefore, we performed a systematic review of relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the effect of EB on patient-important outcomes. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Chinese databases since inception until March 30, 2020. Meta-analysis was carried out using "meta" package in R 3.4.3 software. A prespecified subgroup analysis was done according to the type of comparisons between groups, and the credibility of significant subgroup effects (P < 0.05) were accessed using a five-criteria list. A GRADE evidence profile was constructed to illustrate the certainty of evidence. RESULTS: Our meta-analysis, including 14 eligible trials with 1058 patients, showed that compared with routine treatment or health education as control groups, the mean difference (MD) in systolic blood pressure (SBP) of the EB groups was - 8.52 mmHg (95%CI:[- 10.65, - 6.40], P < 0.01) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was - 4.65 mmHg (95%CI: [- 6.55, - 2.74], P < 0.01). For blood pressure, the evidence was, however, of low certainty because of risk of bias and inconsistency, and for the outcomes of most interest to patients (cardiovascular morbidity and mortality directly), of very low certainty (measurement of surrogate only). Subgroup analysis showed there was no significant interaction effect between different type of comparisons (SBP P = 0.15; DBP P = 0.37), so it could be easily attributed to chance. CONCLUSION: Regularly EB exercising may be helpful to control blood pressure, but the evidence is only low certainty for blood pressure and very low certainty for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Rigorously designed RCTs that carry out longer follow-up and address patient-important outcomes remain warranted. TRIAL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO Registration number: CRD42018095854 .


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Hipertensão/terapia , Qigong/métodos , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
17.
Zool Res ; 41(6): 726-733, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32918406

RESUMO

Recent studies have shown that the closely related cinereous tit ( Parus cinereus) and green-backed tit ( P. monticolus) in China display strong egg recognition ability in contrast to tit species in Europe, which lack such ability. However, egg recognition in other populations of cinereous and green-backed tits and additional Paridae species still requires further research. Here, we compared the egg recognition abilities of cinereous tits across China, green-backed tits ( P. m. insperatus) in Taiwan, China, and five other species from the Paridae family, including the marsh tit ( Poecile palustris), varied tit ( Sittiparus varius), willow tit ( Poecile montanus), coal tit ( Periparus ater), and ground tit ( Pseudopodoces humilis). Results showed that the Hebei (58.8% egg rejection, n=17) and Liaoning populations (53.3%, n=15) of cinereous tits, and the Guizhou (100%, n=12) and Taiwan populations (75%, n=12) of green-backed tits all exhibited high egg recognition ability. The egg recognition ability of these tits was significantly greater than that of the other five species in the Paridae family. The varied tit (5.4%, n=37), marsh tit (8.3%, n=12), willow tit (Hebei: 25%, n=20; Beijing: 9.5%, n=21), coal tit (16.7%, n=18), and ground tit (0, n=5) species all showed low egg recognition abilities, with no significant differences found among them. Egg recognition was not associated with a single phylogenetic group but occurred in several groups of tits. In particular, those species widely distributed in the Indomalayan realm, thus overlapping with small cuckoo species, displayed strong egg recognition ability, whereas tit species in the Palearctic realm exhibited low or no egg recognition ability.


Assuntos
Óvulo/fisiologia , Passeriformes/fisiologia , Reconhecimento Psicológico/fisiologia , Animais , China , Especificidade da Espécie
18.
Complement Ther Med ; 52: 102504, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32951752

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This systematic review assessed whether Tuina (therapeutic massage) is more effective and safer than no treatment or routine medical treatment for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). METHODS: Eleven databases were searched for randomized controlled trials of IBS diagnosed based on Manning or Rome criteria. Tuina with or without routine treatments (RTs) was tested against RTs. The Cochrane risk of bias was evaluated for each trial. RevMan 5.3 was used to conduct a meta-analysis. RESULTS: A total of 8 trials (5 IBS-diarrhea and 3 IBS-constipation) with 545 participants using 8 different manipulations were included. All trials were published in Chinese. For overall symptom improving rate (> 30 % improvement in overall symptom scores), it had not been shown that Tuina was significantly better than RTs (RR 1.23, 95 % CI 0.94-1.60, 197 participants, 3 studies, I2 = 65 %) for IBS-diarrhea, and Tuina combined with RTs showed more benefit than RTs alone (RR 1.29, 95 % CI 1.08-1.54, 115 participants, 3 studies) for IBS-diarrhea. All trials did not report adverse effect in relation to Tuina. Risk of bias was generally unclear across all domains. CONCLUSIONS: Tuina combined with RTs may be superior to RTs for improving overall symptom of IBS-diarrhea. Due to the existing methodological issues and the heterogeneity of Tuina manipulation, current findings need to be confirmed in large scale, multicenter, and robust randomized trials (especially on outcome assessing blinding and allocation concealment).


Assuntos
Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/terapia , Massagem/métodos , Terapia Combinada , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
19.
Integr Med Res ; 9(3): 100426, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32483523

RESUMO

Background: The World Health Organization characterized the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) as a pandemic on March 11th. Many clinical trials on COVID-19 have been registered, and we aim to review the study characteristics and provide guidance for future trials to avoid duplicated effort. Methods: Studies on COVID-19 registered before March 3rd, 2020 on eight registry platforms worldwide were searched and the data of design, participants, interventions, and outcomes were extracted and analyzed. Results: Three hundred and ninety-three studies were identified and 380 (96.7%) were from mainland China, while 3 in Japan, 3 in France, 2 in the US, and 3 were international collaborative studies. Two hundred and sixty-six (67.7%) aimed at therapeutic effect, others were for prevention, diagnosis, prognosis, etc. Two hundred and two studies (51.4%) were randomized controlled trials. Two third of therapeutic studies tested Western medicines including antiviral drugs (17.7%), stem cell and cord blood therapy (10.2%), chloroquine and derivatives (8.3%), 16 (6.0%) on Chinese medicines, and 73 (27.4%) on integrated therapy of Western and Chinese medicines. Thirty-one studies among 266 therapeutic studies (11.7%) used mortality as primary outcome, while the most designed secondary outcomes were symptoms and signs (47.0%). Half of the studies (45.5%) had not started recruiting till March 3rd. Conclusion: Inappropriate outcome setting, delayed recruitment and insufficient numbers of new cases in China implied many studies may fail to complete. Strategies and protocols of the studies with robust and rapid data sharing are warranted for emergency public health events, helping the timely evidence-based decision-making.

20.
Complement Ther Med ; 51: 102411, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32507428

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pediatric tuina is used to prevent and treat disease by employing various manipulative techniques on specific parts of the body, appropriate to the child's specific physiological and pathological characteristics. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects and safety of pediatric tuina as a non-pharmaceutical therapy for anorexia in children under 14 years. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing pediatric tuina with medicine for anorexia were included in this review. Six electronic databases were searched from inception to June 2019. Two authors independently extracted data and assessed the risk of bias. Significant effective rate (defined as appetite improved and food intake returning to 3/4 or more of normal intake) was used as primary outcome. Secondary outcomes included food intake, compliance and adverse events. Trial sequential analysis (TSA) was used to calculate the required information size in a meta-analysis and to detect the robustness of the results. Certainty of the evidence was assessed using the online GRADEpro tool. RESULTS: Of the included 28 RCTs involving 2650 children, the majority had a high or unclear risk of bias in terms of allocation concealment, blinding, and selective reporting. All trials compared tuina with western medicine or Chinese herbs. For significant effective rate, meta-analysis showed that tuina was superior to western medicine (risk ratio (RR) 1.68, 95 % confidence interval (CI) [1.35, 2.08]) and Chinese herbs (RR 1.36, 95 % CI [1.19, 1.55]). For food intake, 9 trials evaluated it in the form of score (1 points, 2 points, 4 points and 6 points) calculated according to the reduction degree of food intake. Six points represented the most serious. Meta-analysis showed tuina was superior to western medicine (mean difference (MD) -0.88, 95 % CI [-1.27, -0.50]) and Chinese herbs (MD -0.69, 95 % CI [-1.00, -0.38]) on lightening the reduction degree of food intake. Two trials reported compliance and six trials reported no adverse events occurred in pediatric tuina group. TSA for significant effective rate demonstrated that the pooled data had insufficient power regarding both numbers of trials and participants. CONCLUSIONS: Low certainty of evidence suggested pediatric tuina was beneficial and safe for the treatment of anorexia in children under 14 years. Furthermore well-designed RCTs with adequate sample sizes are needed.


Assuntos
Anorexia/terapia , Massagem/métodos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
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