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1.
Environ Res ; 203: 111873, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34411548

RESUMO

A series of rare earth complexes containing (α-PW12O40)3- and PO ligand are synthesized by water bath in 70 °C, [Ln(OPPh3)4(H2O)3](PW12O40)·4CH3CN (Ln = La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Ho 1-7) (OPPh3 = Triphenylphosphine oxide, {PW12} = phosphotungstic acid). The precise structures are confirmed by X-ray single crystal diffraction and the result shows all complexes are isostructural. Complexes 1-7 are fully characterized by PXRD, FT-IR, TGA, UV diffuse reflectance spectra and terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS). Complex 3 exhibits the highest photocatalytic degradation efficiency for methylene blue (MB) in this series of complexes. The experimental results showed that the photodegradation efficiency can remain constant at the level of 95% after five consecutive cycles. The photocatalytic reaction kinetics and mechanism of complexes were investigated. Additionally, complexes also exhibit photocatalytic hydrogen evolution activity. THz-TDS was used to characterize the complexes and its raw materials, the characteristic peaks of OPPh3 (broad peak at 1.20 THz) and phosphotungstic acid (sharp peaks at 0.23, 0.32 THz) were obtained.

2.
Environ Res ; : 112267, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34756915

RESUMO

Water pollution, which continuously threatens human health and the sustainable development of society, has become a major concern. Photocatalytic degradation is an effective strategy to remove organic dyes from wastewater. For this strategy, it is crucial to select the appropriate catalyst. Using triphenylphosphine oxide (OPPh3) as the ligand, phosphomolybdic acid as the anion template, three new lanthanide complexes [Ln(OPPh3)4(H2O)3](PMo12O40)∙4C2H5OH (1-3) (Ln = Sm, Gd, Tb) were synthesized. The raw materials for the reaction are cheap and readily available. The convenient synthesis method is environmentally friendly, with high yield (70%-80%). Complexes 1-3 are all seven-coordinated mononuclear structures centered on lanthanide ions, [PMo12O40]3- anions and solvent molecules are not coordinated with metal ions. These mononuclear structures eventually form complicated 3D supramolecular structures through hydrogen bonds, Mo-O … π or C-H … π weak interactions. Complexes 1-3 photocatalytic degradation of MB have high removal rates, as catalysts have enough stability to be reused, and can be used as excellent catalysts for the degradation of dye molecules in sewage. Among them, the removal rate of MB by photodegradation of complex 2 was highest (99.50%). In addition, the effects of different initial concentrations of MB solution and different types of organic dyes on the photocatalysis experiment were investigated. The photocatalytic reaction mechanism of complexes 1-3 was also studied. Due to the similar structures of complexes 1-3, they have almost the same THz absorption spectra with different absorption intensity, which may be attributed to the difference of the number of weak interactions. Therefore, terahertz spectroscopy can be used as a sensitive method to distinguish and determine small differences between lanthanide-organic complexes. This is the first time that this spectrum has been used to characterize lanthanide phosphine oxide complexes modified by [PMo12O40]3-.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34630601

RESUMO

Objective: The study aimed to evaluate the effect of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) on the stress response during intubation and extubation in patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Methods: 122 patients undergoing VATS lobectomy were randomly divided into two groups: the TEAS group (n = 62) and the control group (n = 60). Patients in the TEAS group underwent electroacupuncture stimulation of bilateral Neiguan (PC6), Hegu (L14), Lieque (LU7), and Chize (LU5) acupoints from 30 min before anesthesia to the end of surgery. The patients in the control group did not undergo stimulation. The primary endpoints were the hemodynamic parameters and plasma concentrations of epinephrine, norepinephrine, and cortisol. The secondary endpoints were the consumption of remifentanil and propofol, Ramsay sedation score and arousal time, extubation quality score, and postoperative complications. Results: The hemodynamic variables and plasma concentrations of epinephrine, norepinephrine, and cortisol during intubation and extubation were lower in the TEAS group at T1, T3, and T4 compared with the control group. TEAS led to a reduction in the consumption of remifentanil (P < 0.01), as well as a reduction in the incidence of postoperative complications. The extubation quality score was lower (P < 0.01) while the Ramsay sedation score was higher (P < 0.01) in the TEAS group than in the control group. However, the arousal time and consumption of propofol were not significantly different between the two groups. Conclusion: TEAS can maintain hemodynamic stability, reduce the stress response during intubation and extubation, improve the quality of anesthesia recovery, and decrease the incidence of postoperative complications in patients undergoing VATS.

4.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(8): 684-9, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472754

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of transcutaneous electric acupoints stimulation (TEAS) on vascular endothelial function and inflammatory factors after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients. METHODS: A total of 94 patients with coronary heart disease and undergoing PCI were randomized into a TEAS group and a sham-TEAS group, 47 cases in each one. In the TEAS group, TEAS started at unilateral Neiguan (PC6) and Ximen (PC4) 30 min before PCI till the end of PCI. In the sham-TEAS group, the procedure and persistent time were same as the TEAS group, but no electric stimulation was performed. Before treatment and at 8 h and 24 h after PCI, the levels of serum endothelin-1 (ET-1), von Willebrand factor (vWF), nitric oxide (NO), blood flow dependent diastolic function (FMD), interleukin-6 (IL-6), inteleukin-10 (IL-10), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were detected in the patients successively. RESULTS: Compared with the levels before PCI, the levels of ET-1 and vWF were all increased at 8 h and 24 h after PCI in the two groups (P<0.05) and the levels in the TEAS group were remarkably lower than those in the sham-TEAS group (P<0.05). Compared with the levels before PCI, the levels of NO and FMD at 8 h and 24 h after PCI were all reduced in the two groups (P<0.05) and the levels in the TEAS group were higher obviously than those in the sham-TEAS group (P<0.05). Compared with the levels before PCI, the levels of hs-CRP, MMP-9, IL-6 and IL-10 were all increased at 8 h and 24 h after PCI in the two groups (P<0.05); Compared with the sham-TEAS group, the levels of hs-CRP, MMP-9 and IL-6 were reduced and the level of IL-10 was increased at 8 h and 24 h after PCI in the TEAS group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: TEAS effectively improves the vascular endothelial function and reduces serum inflammatory factors after PCI.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea , Pontos de Acupuntura , Proteína C-Reativa , Doença das Coronárias/terapia , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos
5.
Trends Biotechnol ; 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34583846

RESUMO

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are important members in synthetic microbial consortia due to their 'generally recognized as safe' status and diverse metabolic activities. Defined communities with LAB show great potential in elucidating metabolic interactions that drive their assembly and demonstrating power to address sustainability challenges in food, environment, and health.

6.
Int J Stroke ; : 17474930211045805, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34550833

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of renal impairment on clinical outcomes in patients presenting emergent anterior circulation occlusion treated with mechanical thrombectomy. METHODS: Consecutive patients with anterior circulation stroke treated with mechanical thrombectomy at 41 academic tertiary care centers were included. renal impairment was defined as glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 at the time of admission. The primary outcome was the distribution of scores on the modified Rankin scale, and safety outcomes were mortality within 90 days and hemorrhagic complications. Binary and ordinal logistic regression was used to evaluate the associations between renal impairment and categorical outcomes. Linear regression was used to assess continuous outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 607 patients (47 renal impairment and 600 non-renal impairment) who underwent mechanical thrombectomy were included in this study. Multivariate regression analysis showed that renal impairment was independently associated with the increase of the modified Rankin scale at 90 days. The proportion of patients with successful reperfusion was 71.7% in the renal impairment group and 83.3% in the non-renal impairment group. Renal impairment was an independent predictor of 90-day mortality. No significant treatment for the ordinal modified Rankin scale or 90-day mortality was observed by renal impairment interaction. The risk of asymptomatic intracranial hemorrhage was higher in the mechanical thrombectomy plus IVT group (53.6%) than in the mechanical thrombectomy alone group (15.8%) for renal impairment, but was similar between the mechanical thrombectomy plus IVT group (34.6%) and the mechanical thrombectomy alone group (36.4%) for non-renal impairment (p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: These results demonstrated that the outcomes of mechanical thrombectomy alone and mechanical thrombectomy plus IVT group did not differ significantly in acute stroke patients with and without renal impairment. Also, renal impairment was an independent predictor of worse functional independence and higher mortality at 90 days.

7.
Phytomedicine ; 92: 153726, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536821

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Isomeric ursolic acid (UA) and oleanolic acid (OA) compounds have recently garnered great attention due to their biological effects. Previously, it had been shown that UA and OA can exert important pharmacological action via the protein kinase C (PKC) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling, and that they can induce the expression of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) in HepG2 cells. This study aims to investigate the role of PKC/NF-κB signaling in regulating the expression of UGT1A1 and examine how UA and OA induce UGT1A1 based on this signaling pathway. METHODS: HepG2 cells, hp65-overexpressed HepG2 cell and lentivirus-hp65-shRNA silenced HepG2 cells were stimulated with PKC/NF-κB specific agonists and inhibitors for 24 h in the presence or absence of UA and OA. The expression of UGT1A1, PKC, and NF-κB were determined by qRT-PCR, western blot, and dual-luciferase reporter gene assays. RESULTS: PKC/NF-κB activation downregulates UGT1A1 expression. This effect is countered by UA and OA treatment. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the agonists of PKC and NF-κB signaling, respectively, significantly inhibit hp65-mediated UGT1A1 luciferase activity. UA, OA, and the PKC/NF-κB inhibitors suppress this effect. PMA and LPS do not affect UGT1A1 activity in p65-silenced HepG2 cells; however, UA and OA mildly influence UGT1A1 expression in these cells. CONCLUSION: The activation of PKC/NF-κB signaling can significantly downregulate UGT1A1 expression. By inhibiting the PKC/NF-κB signaling pathway, UA and OA promote UGT1A1 expression in HepG2 cells.


Assuntos
Ácido Oleanólico , Glucuronosiltransferase , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Ácido Oleanólico/farmacologia , Proteína Quinase C/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Triterpenos , Regulação para Cima
8.
Org Biomol Chem ; 19(33): 7156-7160, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34378603

RESUMO

An efficient electrooxidative double C-H/C-H coupling of phenols with 3-phenylbenzothiophene has been developed under external oxidant- and catalyst-free conditions. This strategy could enable the highly tunable access to benzothiophene derivatives and exhibited broad substrate generality under mild conditions. The reaction is likely to proceed via the cross-coupling of the p-methoxylphenol radical and the 3-phenylbenzothiophene radical cation.

9.
STAR Protoc ; 2(3): 100731, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34409309

RESUMO

Ketohexokinase (KHK) catalyzes the first step of fructose metabolism. Inhibitors of KHK enzymatic activity are being evaluated in clinical trials for the treatment of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and diabetes. Here, we present a luminescence-based protocol to quantify KHK activity. The accuracy of this technique has been validated using knockdown and overexpression of KHK in vivo and in vitro. The specificity of the assay has been verified using 3-O-methyl-D-fructose, a non-metabolizable analog of fructose, heat inactivation of hexokinases, and depletion of potassium. For complete details on the use of this protocol, please refer to Damen et al. (2021).

10.
Mol Ther ; 2021 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34400329

RESUMO

Heart failure is a leading cause of fatality in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients. Previously, we discovered that cardiac and skeletal-muscle-enriched CIP proteins play important roles in cardiac function. Here, we report that CIP, a striated muscle-specific protein, participates in the regulation of dystrophic cardiomyopathy. Using a mouse model of human DMD, we found that deletion of CIP leads to dilated cardiomyopathy and heart failure in young, non-syndromic mdx mice. Conversely, transgenic overexpression of CIP reduces pathological dystrophic cardiomyopathy in old, syndromic mdx mice. Genome-wide transcriptome analyses reveal that molecular pathways involving fibrogenesis and oxidative stress are affected in CIP-mediated dystrophic cardiomyopathy. Mechanistically, we found that CIP interacts with dystrophin and calcineurin (CnA) to suppress the CnA-Nuclear Factor of Activated T cells (NFAT) pathway, which results in decreased expression of Nox4, a key component of the oxidative stress pathway. Overexpression of Nox4 accelerates the development of dystrophic cardiomyopathy in mdx mice. Our study indicates CIP is a modifier of dystrophic cardiomyopathy and a potential therapeutic target for this devastating disease.

11.
Appl Environ Microbiol ; 87(21): e0103521, 2021 10 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34406823

RESUMO

Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis (referred to here as L. lactis) is a model lactic acid bacterium and one of the main constituents of the mesophilic cheese starter used for producing soft or semihard cheeses. Most dairy L. lactis strains grow optimally at around 30°C and are not particularly well adapted to the elevated temperatures (37 to 39°C) to which they are often exposed during cheese production. To overcome this challenge, we used adaptive laboratory evolution (ALE) in milk, using a setup where the temperature was gradually increased over time, and isolated two evolved strains (RD01 and RD07) better able to tolerate high growth temperatures. One of these, strain RD07, was isolated after 1.5 years of evolution (400 generations) and efficiently acidified milk at 41°C, which has not been reported for industrial L. lactis strains until now. Moreover, RD07 appeared to autolyze 2 to 3 times faster than its parent strain, which is another highly desired property of dairy lactococci and rarely observed in the L. lactis subspecies used in this study. Model cheese trials indicated that RD07 could potentially accelerate cheese ripening. Transcriptomics analysis revealed the potential underlying causes responsible for the enhanced growth at high temperatures for the mutants. These included downregulation of the pleiotropic transcription factor CodY and overexpression of genes, which most likely lowered the guanidine nucleotide pool. Cheese trials at ARLA Foods using RD01 blended with the commercial Flora Danica starter culture, including a 39.5°C cooking step, revealed better acidification and flavor formation than the pure starter culture. IMPORTANCE In commercial mesophilic starter cultures, L. lactis is generally more thermotolerant than Lactococcus cremoris, whereas L. cremoris is more prone to autolysis, which is the key to flavor and aroma formation. In this study, we found that adaptation to higher thermotolerance can improve autolysis. Using whole-genome sequencing and RNA sequencing, we attempt to determine the underlying reason for the observed behavior. In terms of dairy applications, there are obvious advantages associated with using L. lactis strains with high thermotolerance, as these are less affected by curd cooking, which generally hampers the performance of the mesophilic starter. Cheese ripening, the costliest part of cheese manufacturing, can be reduced using autolytic strains. Thus, the solution presented here could simplify starter cultures, make the cheese manufacturing process more efficient, and enable novel types of harder cheese variants.

12.
Metab Eng ; 67: 443-452, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34438072

RESUMO

The design-build-test-learn (DBTL) cycle has been implemented in metabolic engineering processes for optimizing the production of valuable compounds, including food ingredients. However, the use of recombinant microorganisms for producing food ingredients is associated with different challenges, e.g., in the EU, a content of more than 0.9% of such ingredients requires to be labeled. Therefore, we propose to expand the DBTL cycle and use the "learn" module to guide the development of non-engineered strains for clean label production. Here, we demonstrate how this approach can be used to generate engineered and natural cell factories able to produce the valuable food flavor compound - butanedione (diacetyl). Through comprehensive rerouting of the metabolism of Lactococcus lactis MG1363 and re-installment of the capacity to metabolize lactose and dairy protein, we managed to achieve a high titer of diacetyl (6.7 g/L) in pure dairy waste. Based on learnings from the engineering efforts, we successfully achieved the production of diacetyl without using recombinant DNA technology. We accomplish the latter by process optimization and by relying on high-throughput screening using a microfluidic system. Our results demonstrate the great potential that lies in combining metabolic engineering and natural approaches for achieving efficient production of food ingredients.


Assuntos
Lactococcus lactis , Manteiga , Aromatizantes , Lactococcus lactis/genética , Lactose , Odorantes
13.
Integr Zool ; 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34254736

RESUMO

Identifying the mechanism for sex determination in amphibians is challenging. Very little is known about sex determination mechanisms of Rana dybowskii, a species of importance to evolutionary and conservation biology. We screened for sex-linked molecular markers in R. dybowskii in China using target region amplification polymorphism with 2 fixed primers against the sequences of Dmrt1. We found 2 male-linked molecular markers in R. dybowskii, which were 222 bp and 261 bp long. The detection rates of 222 bp marker in males form Xinglong, Huadian, and Dandong were 93.79%, 69.64%, and 13.64%, respectively, while the rate in females from Huadian was 27.50%. Besides, the detection rates of 261 bp marker in the above 3 regions were only observed in males at the rate of 93.79%, 87.50%, and 32.73%, respectively. The inheritance patterns of sex-linked molecular markers showed that the 2 sex-linked molecular markers were heterozygous. Compared to the XY-male parent, progeny from XX-pseudo-male parent possessed lower sex reversal ratio at the same rearing temperature, and the proportion of female froglets from an XX-pseudo-male parent was more than 95% at low rearing temperature (15°C). Our findings suggest that R. dybowskii displays male heterogamety, and the 2 sex-linked molecular markers may have a guiding significance for the protection and utilization of R. dybowskii.

14.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 19(1): 185, 2021 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34134721

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are the dominant factor leading to tumor metastasis. This study aims to investigate the effect of disparate sources of CTCs on the treatment and prognosis of patients with advanced tumors by analyzing the number and gene mutations change of CTCs in arterial and venous blood in patients with advanced tumors. RESULTS: A CTCs sorting system was constructed based on Vimentin-immunolipid magnetic balls (Vi-IMB) and EpCAM immunolipid magnetic balls (Ep-IMB). Results showed that the prepared Ep-IMB and Vi-IMB had lower cytotoxicity, better specificity and sensitivity. The number of arterial CTCs was higher than that of venous CTCs, with a statistically significant difference (P < 0.05). Moreover, the prognosis of the low positive group of total CTCs in arterial blood and venous blood was higher than that of the high positive group, with a statistical significance (P < 0.05). The genetic testing results showed that the targeted drug gene mutations in tissues, arterial CTCs and venous CTCs showed a complementary trend, indicating that there was heterogeneity among different tumor samples. CONCLUSIONS: CTCs in blood can be efficiently captured by the CTCs sorting system based on Vi-LMB/Ep-LMB, and CTCs detection in arterial blood can be utilized to more accurately evaluate the prognosis and predict postoperative progress. It is further confirmed that tumor samples from disparate sources are heterogeneous, providing a reference basis for gene mutation detection before clinical targeted drug treatment, and the detection of CTCs in arterial blood has more potential clinical application value. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The Ethics Committee of Putuo Hospital, PTEC-A-2019-18-1. Registered 24 September 2019.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Molécula de Adesão da Célula Epitelial/genética , Magnetismo , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes , Vimentina/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Molécula de Adesão da Célula Epitelial/química , Fluorescência , Humanos , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Mutação , Prognóstico , Vimentina/química
15.
Exp Mol Pathol ; 120: 104638, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33878313

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: Hepatocellular carcinoma is recognized as the most common subtype of hepatic cancer. Muskelin 1 antisense RNA (MKLN1-AS) shows prognostic value in hepatitis B virus-hepatocellular carcinoma. The aim of this study is to investigate the detailed biological role of MKLN1-AS and Yes-associated transcriptional regulator 1 (YAP1)-related mechanisms. METHODS: Based on online databases (GEPIA, TCGA, and GEO), the expression of MKLN1-AS and YAP1 in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma was analyzed. The IntaRNA algorithm was used to predict complementary sites between MKLN1-AS and YAP1 mRNA. Hepatocellular carcinoma tumor tissues and cells were collected for the quantification of MKLN1-AS and YAP1. FISH was performed to explore the location of MKLN1-AS in cells. The effects of MKLN1-AS and YAP1 on proliferation, migration and invasionof hepatocellular carcinoma were determined in vitro and in vivo. Actinomycin D and RNA immunoprecipitation were resorted to confirm the regulatory role of MKLN1-AS in YAP1 expression. RESULTS: The up-regulation of MKLN1-AS contributed to the poor prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. MKLN1-AS and YAP1 were overexpressed in hepatocellular carcinoma tissues and cells. MKLN1-AS positively modulated YAP1 expression through targeting and stabilizing YAP1 mRNA.MKLN1-AS was predominantly located in the cytoplasm of the cells. MKLN1-AS intensified proliferation, migration and invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma cells via YAP1. MKLN1-AS also caused hepatocarcinogenesis through inducing YAP1 expression in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: MKLN1-AS overexpression enhances the stability of YAP1 mRNA, which is necessary for the oncogenic activity of MKLN1-AS. MKLN1-AS can be utilized in the diagnosis and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma as an upstream factor of YAP1.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , RNA Antissenso/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Animais , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
16.
Stem Cells Int ; 2021: 6633111, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33854551

RESUMO

Objectives: Urinary stem cells (USCs) have the capacity for unlimited growth and are promising tools for the investigations of cell differentiation and urinary regeneration. However, the limited life span significantly restricts their usefulness. This study is aimed at exploring the effect of integrin-linked kinase (ILK) on the smooth muscle cells (SMCs) differentiation of the dog USCs and investigating its molecular mechanism. Methods: An immortalized USCs cell line with the molecular markers and biological functions was prepared. After successfully inducing the differentiation of USCs into SMCs, the expression level of the unique key factor and its mechanisms in this process was determined through real-time polymerase chain reaction, Western blot, or Immunofluorescence staining. Results: We found that high cell density promoted USCs differentiation SMCs, and ILK was necessary for USCs differentiation into SMCs. Knocking down ILK decreased the expression of SMCs specific-marker, while using a selective ILK agonist increased the expression of SMCs specific-marker. Furthermore, ILK regulated SMCs differentiation in part through the activation of NF-κB pathway in USCs. A NF-κB activity assay showed overexpression of ILK could significantly upregulate NF-κB p50 expression, and NF-κB p50 acts as downstream signal molecular of ILK. Conclusion: High cell density induces the differentiation of USCs into SMCs, and ILK is a key regulator of myogenesis. Furthermore, NF-κB signaling pathway might play a crucial role in this process.

17.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(3): 1461-1468, 2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33742943

RESUMO

Due to the shortage of phosphate and the eutrophication caused by phosphorus pollution, it is urgent to recover phosphate from wastewater. Given their high adsorption capacity and convenient separation from water to which a magnetic field is applied, ferrite composites have received increasing attention for phosphate recovery. In this study, Spinel La@MgFe2O4 was prepared using a one-step co-precipitation method. La3+ loading on grain boundary defects of MgFe2O4, and phosphorus absorption capacity were examined using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM). The structure of La@MgFe2O4 involved La3+ loading on grain boundary defects of MgFe2O4 in the form of La(OH)3. The addition of La changed the crystallinity and morphology of MgFe2O4, which greatly improved the capacity of MgFe2O4 for phosphorus adsorption. Saturation magnetization remained at 14 emu·g-1, which was easily separated from water using an external magnetic field. The maximum adsorption capacity was 143.156 mg·g-1 at pH 6 and 10℃, which was comparable to that achieved at 25℃. Kinetic observations showed that a low phosphorus concentration (10 mg·L-1) could result in extremely low phosphorus adsorption by La@MgFe2O4 after 30 min. The adsorption mechanism shows that phosphorus is removed through ligand exchange and the formation of inner spherical complexes. La@MgFe2O4 has highly selective adsorption with respect to phosphate, and the adsorbent can be reused many times after desorption. Based on addition of 1 g·L-1 of La@MgFe2O4 in the treatment of low temperature municipal wastewater in Northern China, phosphate concentrations could be reduced to less than 0.5 mg·L-1 an hour, offering a promising means of phosphate adsorption even in cold regions.

18.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(9): 2826-2835, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33646779

RESUMO

Nisin is commonly used as a biopreservative in foods. For industrial production, nisin-producing Lactococcus lactis strains are usually grown to high cell densities to achieve the highest possible nisin titer. However, accumulation of lactic acid eventually halts production, even in pH-controlled fermentations. Here, we describe a nisin-producing L. lactis strain Ge001, which was obtained after transferring the nisin gene cluster from L. lactis ATCC 11454, by conjugation, into the natural mutant L. lactis RD1M5, with low lactate dehydrogenase activity. The ability of Ge001 to produce nisin was tested using dairy waste as the fermentation substrate. To accommodate redox cofactor regeneration, respiration conditions were used, and to alleviate oxidative stress and to reduce adsorption of nisin onto the producing cells, we found it to be beneficial to add 1 mM Mn2+ and 100 mM Ca2+, respectively. A high titer of 12 084 IU/mL nisin could be reached, which is comparable to the highest titers reported using expensive, rich media. Summing up, we here present a 100% natural, robust, and sustainable approach for producing food-grade nisin and acetoin from readily available dairy waste.


Assuntos
Indústria de Laticínios , Lactococcus lactis , Nisina/biossíntese , Fermentação , Lactato Desidrogenases , Lactococcus lactis/genética , Lactococcus lactis/metabolismo , Oxirredução
19.
Anim Biosci ; 34(9): 1439-1450, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677919

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: With the rapid development of proteomics sequencing and RNA sequencing technology, multi-omics analysis has become a current research hotspot. Our previous study indicated that Xinjiang brown cattle have better meat quality than Kazakh cattle. In this study, Xinjiang brown cattle and Kazakh cattle were used as the research objects. METHODS: Proteome sequencing and RNA sequencing technology were used to analyze the proteome and transcriptome of the longissimus dorsi muscle of the two breeds of adult steers (n = 3). RESULTS: In this project, 22,677 transcripts and 1,874 proteins were identified through quantitative analysis of the transcriptome and proteome. By comparing the identified transcriptome and proteome, we found that 1,737 genes were identified at both the transcriptome and proteome levels. The results of the study revealed 12 differentially expressed genes and proteins: troponin I1, crystallin alpha B, cysteine, and glycine rich protein 3, phosphotriesterase-related, myosin-binding protein H, glutathione s-transferase mu 3, myosin light chain 3, nidogen 2, dihydropyrimidinase like 2, glutamate-oxaloacetic transaminase 1, receptor accessory protein 5, and aspartoacylase. We performed functional enrichment of these differentially expressed genes and proteins. The Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes results showed that these differentially expressed genes and proteins are enriched in the fatty acid degradation and histidine metabolism signaling pathways. We performed parallel reaction monitoring (PRM) verification of the differentially expressed proteins, and the PRM results were consistent with the sequencing results. CONCLUSION: Our study provided and identified the differentially expressed genes and proteins. In addition, identifying functional genes and proteins with important breeding value will provide genetic resources and technical support for the breeding and industrialization of new genetically modified beef cattle breeds.

20.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 188: 114527, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33741330

RESUMO

Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) play an important role in the initiation, metastasis, and invasion of breast cancer. However, whether autophagy acts as a tumor promotion mechanism by inducing epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is still controversial and remains undefined at the mechanistic levels. In this study, we investigated whether autophagy or FAP-α is required for the invasion, pulmonary metastasis and EMT of breast cancer cells and underlying mechanism. We employed an in vitro model of NIH3T3 fibroblasts treated with H2O2 and confirmed that TGF-ß1 could convert fibroblasts into CAFs through autophagy under oxidative stress in the tumor microenvironment. Modulation of autophagy by rapamycin, 3-methyladenine or ATG-5 knockdown regulated the expression of CAFs markers, suggesting a role of autophagy in the tumor promotion mechanism of TGF-ß1-induced CAFs activation. Furthermore, we established an indirect co-culture model and a mixed xenograft as a corresponding in vivo model. We demonstrated that TGF-ß1-activated CAFs promote tumor invasion, pulmonary metastasis and EMT, which act through autophagy and overexpression of FAP-α in both models, while autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine blocked these effects induced by TGF-ß1-activated CAFs. Moreover, the co-localization of LC3ß and EMT marker vimentin in mixed xenograft also revealed that TGF-ß1-activated CAFs promote tumor growth, pulmonary metastasis, and EMT program partly through autophagy. In addition, knockdown of FAP-α resulted in reversed EMT and abolished tumor invasion and pulmonary metastasis induced by TGF-ß1-activated CAFs. Taken together, we conclude that both autophagy and FAP-α are required for breast cancer cell invasion and metastasis. Targeting autophagy or FAP-α rather than both can serve as a potential approach to improve the prognosis for human breast cancer.


Assuntos
Autofagia/fisiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer/metabolismo , Endopeptidases/biossíntese , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/fisiologia , Proteínas de Membrana/biossíntese , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/farmacologia , Animais , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Endopeptidases/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Células NIH 3T3 , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Carga Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Carga Tumoral/fisiologia , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Microambiente Tumoral/fisiologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto/métodos
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