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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 2): 150634, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597565

RESUMO

Numerous epidemiological studies have investigated the lipid interference effects of legacy PFASs, however, no studies on PFAS alternatives and blood lipids have been published. In this study, we explored the association between Cl-PFESAs, a typical PFASs alternative in China, and blood lipid profiles in 1336 Guangzhou community residents using linear and non-linear regression models. The results showed a deleterious effect of Cl-PFESAs and blood lipids: adjusted estimates (ß) for TC, TG, LDL-C and HDL-C per natural log unit increase of 6:2 Cl-PFESA were 0.029 (95% CI: 0.020, 0.038), 0.075 (95% CI: 0.049, 0.101), 0.035 (95% CI: 0.021, 0.049) and -0.071 (95% CI: -0.084, -0.058), respectively. The association between Cl-PFESAs and dyslipidemia was also positively significant (P < 0.05). Furthermore, a non-linear relationship was observed in Cl-PFESAs and serum lipid levels using a restricted cubic splines (RCS) model. In summary, our research suggested a negative impact of Cl-PFESAs on blood lipid patterns and a possible non-linear association.

2.
BMC Neurol ; 21(1): 106, 2021 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33750319

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To explore the correlation between the volume of putamen and brain cognitive impairment in patients with HIV and to predict the feasibility of early-stage HIV brain cognitive impairment through radiomics. METHOD: Retrospective selection of 90 patients with HIV infection, including 36 asymptomatic neurocognitive impairment (ANI) patients and 54 pre-clinical ANI patients in Beijing YouAn Hospital. All patients received comprehensive neuropsychological assessment and MRI scanning. 3D Slicer software was used to acquire volume of interest (VOI) and radiomics features. Clinical variables and volume of putamen were compared between patients with ANI and pre-clinical ANI. The Kruskal Wallis test was used to analysis multiple comparisons between groups. The relationship between cognitive scores and VOI was compared using linear regression. For radiomics, principal component analysis (PCA) was used to reduce model overfitting and calculations and then a support vector machine (SVM) was used to build a binary classification model. For model performance evaluation, we used an accuracy, sensitivity, specificity and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). RESULT: There were no significant differences in clinical variables between ANI group and pre-clinical-ANI group (P>0.05). The volume of bilateral putamen was significantly different between AHI group and pre-clinical group (P<0.05), but there was only a trend in the left putamen between ANI-treatment group and pre-clinical treatment group(P = 0.063). Reduced cognitive scores in Verbal Fluency, Attention/Working Memory, Executive Functioning, memory and Speed of Information Processing were negatively correlated with the increased VOI (P<0.05), but the correlation was relatively low. In diagnosing the ANI from pre-clinical ANI, the mean area under the ROC curves (AUC) were 0.85 ± 0.22, the mean sensitivity and specificity were 63.12 ± 5.51 and 94.25% ± 3.08%. CONCLUSION: The volumes of putamen in patients with ANI may be larger than patients with pre-clinical ANI, the change of the volume of the putamen may have a certain process; there is a relationship between putamen and cognitive impairment, but the exact mechanism is unclear. Radiomics may be a useful tool for predicting early stage HAND in patients with HIV.


Assuntos
Complexo AIDS Demência , Putamen , Complexo AIDS Demência/diagnóstico por imagem , Complexo AIDS Demência/patologia , Complexo AIDS Demência/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/patologia , Disfunção Cognitiva , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Putamen/diagnóstico por imagem , Putamen/patologia , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
World J Clin Cases ; 8(20): 4908-4916, 2020 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33195660

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 pneumonia poses a particular challenge to the emergency surgical treatment of elderly patients with high-risk acute abdominal diseases. Elderly patients are a high-risk group for surgical treatment. If the incarceration of gallstones cannot be relieved, emergency surgery is unavoidable. CASE SUMMARY: We report an 89-year-old male patient with acute gangrenous cholecystitis and septic shock induced by incarcerated cholecystolithiasis. He had several coexisting, high-risk underlying diseases, had a history of radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer, and was taking aspirin before the operation. Nevertheless, he underwent emergency laparoscopic cholecystectomy, with maintenance of postoperative heart and lung function, successfully recovered, and was discharged on day 8 after the operation. CONCLUSION: Emergency surgery for elderly patients with acute abdominal disease is safe and feasible during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, the key is to abide strictly by the hospital's epidemic prevention regulations, fully implement the epidemic prevention procedure for emergency surgery, fully prepare before the operation, accurately perform the operation, and carefully manage the patient postoperatively.

4.
World J Surg Oncol ; 18(1): 219, 2020 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32828123

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common malignant tumor of the liver, and its morbidity and mortality have been increasing in recent years. The early diagnosis and prompt treatment of small HCC are crucial to improve the prognosis and quality of life of patients. In China, hepatitis B virus infection is the main cause. HCC with a single tumor nodule of ≤ 3 cm in diameter, or HCC with a number of nodules, in which each nodule is ≤ 2 cm in diameter, with a total diameter of ≤ 3 cm, is considered as small HCC. The MRI liver-specific contrast agent can detect small HCC at the early stage. This has important clinical implications for improving the survival rate of patients. MAIN BODY: Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI can significantly improve the sensitivity and specificity of the detection of HBV-related small hepatocellular carcinoma, providing an important basis for the clinical selection of appropriate personalized treatment. Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI can reflect the degree of HCC differentiation, and the evaluation of HCC on Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI would be helpful for the selection of the treatment and prognosis of HCC patients. The present study reviews the progress of the application of Gd-EOB-DTPA in the early diagnosis of small HCC, its clinical treatment, the prediction of the degree of differentiation, and the assessment of recurrence and prognosis of HCC, including the pharmacoeconomics and application limitations of Gd-EOB-DTPA. The value of the application of HCC with the Gd-EOB-DTPA was summarized to provide information for improving the quality of life and prolonging the survival of patients. CONCLUSION: Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI has the diagnostic capability for small HCC with a diameter of ≤ 2 cm. This will have a broader application prospect in the early diagnosis of small liver cancer with a diameter of ≤ 1 cm in the future. The relationship between GD-EOB-DTPA-MRI and the degree of HCC differentiation has a large research space, and Gd-EOB-DTPA is expected to become a potential tool for the preoperative prediction and postoperative evaluation of HCC, which would be beneficial for more appropriate treatments for HCC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , China , Meios de Contraste , Gadolínio DTPA , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , Qualidade de Vida
5.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 163: 232-239, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32561283

RESUMO

5-Fluorouracil (5-Fu) is an effective anticarcinogenic agent, however, continuous use of 5-Fu may cause severe side effects. The goal of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of Sarcodon aspratus polysaccharides (SATP) in alleviating 5-Fu-induced toxicity in Lewis tumor-bearing mice. Lewis tumor-bearing mice were treated with saline, SATP, 5-Fu or 5-Fu + SATP. The results indicated that compared to the 5-Fu group, the 5-Fu + SATP group showed effective amelioration of the liver, kidney and small intestine injury caused by 5-Fu and decreases in the levels of related biochemical indicators, such as aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and urea nitrogen (BUN). Additionally, the combination therapy enhanced the quality of life and immune organ indexes of mice. Further mechanistic studies indicated that the 5-Fu + SATP group showed a decrease in hepatotoxicity caused by 5-Fu via a reduction in the levels of interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), an increase in the expression of Bcl-2 and decreases in the expression of p-p38, p-JNK and Bax. Collectively, the results indicated that SATP could significantly alleviate the toxicity of 5-Fu in Lewis tumor-bearing mice and showed the hepatoprotective capability of SATP via its effect on the expression levels of inflammatory factors and components of the MAPK/P38/JNK pathway, which shows that it may be a potential adjuvant for the chemotherapeutic drug 5-Fu in cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Basidiomycota/química , Fluoruracila/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos Fúngicos/química , Polissacarídeos Fúngicos/farmacologia , Animais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Lewis , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Antagonismo de Drogas , Imuno-Histoquímica , Interleucina-1beta/sangue , Masculino , Camundongos , Carga Tumoral , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(18): 3740-3747, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30384541

RESUMO

To study the effect of polysaccharides from Polygonatum sibiricum on mRNA and protein expressions of blood lipid metabolism in hyperlipidemic mice. The mice were randomly divided into 6 groups, namely the blank control group, the hyperlipidemia model group, the simvastatin group, and low, middle and high-dose PSP groups (200, 400, 800 mg·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹). Each group of the mice was administrated intragastrically for 14 days, respectively. Subsequently, every group of mice, except for the blank control group, was intraperitoneally injected with 75% fresh egg yolk emulsion for establishing the hyperlipidemic mice model. Upon completion of the administration, the contents of TC, TG, LDL-C and HDL-C in serum of each group were investigated in details. In particular, the mRNA expression levels of PPAR-α, PPAR-ß, PPAR-γ, SREBP-1c, IL-6 and TNF-α of the liver tissues were detected by Real-time PCR, and the protein expression levels (including PPAR-α, PPAR-ß, PPAR-γ, SREBP-1c, IL-6, TNF-α) were examined by Western blot. Consequently, the obtained results showed that the contents of the serum TC, TG, LDL-C of low, middle and high-dose PSP groups significantly decreased compared with those of the hyperlipidemia model group. Simultaneously, there were significant differences between middle-dose and high-dose PSP groups (P<0.01). In striking contrast, the contents of serum HDL-C of low, middle and high-dose PSP groups significantly increased, while obvious differences were also observed between middle-dose and high-dose PSP groups (P<0.01). Moreover, middle-dose and high-dose PSR groups could up-regulate the protein and mRNA expressions of PPAR-α, PPAR-ß (P<0.05) compared with those of the hyperlipidemia model group, and down-regulate the expressions of PPAR-γ,SREBP-1c, IL-6 and TNF-α(P<0.05) compared with those of liver tissues of the hyperlipidemia model group. In conclusion, all of the above results suggested that PSP could inhibit the oxidation of the liver lipid, and regulate the expression levels of the corresponding genes and proteins relating to the lipid metabolism, so as to play a critical role for preventing hyperlipidemia.


Assuntos
Hiperlipidemias/tratamento farmacológico , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Polygonatum/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Animais , Camundongos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Distribuição Aleatória
7.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 105: 224-232, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27116370

RESUMO

Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) is a maternally inherited trait producing abnormal pollen during anther development. To identify the critical genes and pathways that are involved in the sterility and to better understand the underlying mechanisms, cabbage anthers at different developmental stages were cytologically examined and the transcriptomes were analyzed in CMS line and its maintainer line using the next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology. Microscopy showed that anther development in the CMS line was abnormal in the tetrad stage and failed to produce fertile pollen. We obtained 55,663,594 and 54,801,384 raw transcriptome reads from the sterile and maintainer lines, respectively, and assembled these reads into 68,851 unigenes with an average size of 1028 bp. By using the fragments assigned per kilobase of target per million mapped reads (FPKM) method, 5592 differentially expressed genes were identified, consisting of 3403 up- and 2089 down-regulated genes. Furthermore, there were 1011 and 45 genes specifically expressed in the maintainer or sterile line, respectively. Gene Ontology (GO) functional annotation and enrichment analysis of metabolic pathways were performed to map and analyze the candidate genes that may be involved in male sterility. Expression of eighteen genes was examined using qRT-PCR and their expression patterns were found to be same as the sequencing data. A clear cytological difference exists between the sterile and maintainer lines. The differentially expressed genes are associated with carbohydrate and energy metabolisms, or encode transcription factors, heat shock proteins and other stress proteins. Identification of these candidate genes provides a comprehensive understanding of the mechanism underlying CMS in cabbage.


Assuntos
Brassica/genética , Brassica/fisiologia , Citoplasma/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Infertilidade das Plantas/genética , Transcriptoma/genética , Brassica/anatomia & histologia , Flores/anatomia & histologia , Flores/genética , Ontologia Genética , Redes e Vias Metabólicas/genética , Tamanho do Órgão , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Análise de Sequência de RNA
8.
Zhong Yao Cai ; 39(7): 1578-81, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30204362

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of Dahuang-Taoren with different proportion of extraction amount changes of ten kinds of chemical constituents in Rhizoma Rhei. Methods: Uniform method to set different ratio( 1∶ 5,2∶ 5,2∶ 3,1∶ 1,3∶ 2,5∶ 2,5∶ 1),and set the control group ( Dahuang-Taoren( 1 ∶ 0). HPLC was used to determine the content of ten constituents as gallic acid,( +)-catechin,sennoside B,anthraquinones( aloe-emodin,rhein,emodin,chrysophanol,physcion,chrysophanol-1-O-glucoside,emodin major grape glycoside) in different ratio of drug. Different proportions of Dahuang-Taoren on the extraction amount of ten chemical components in Rhizoma Rhei changes were analyzed. . Results: Compared to the control group, Dahuang-Taoren with different ratio( 5∶ 1,5∶ 2,3∶ 2) in a sample with increasing proportion of Taoren,the extraction amount of ten kinds of constituents of Rhizoma Rhei gradually decreased;Dahuang-Taoren with ratio of 1∶ 1,ten kinds of constituents in extraction of total amount arrived minimum value. Dahuang-Taoren with different ratio( 2∶ 3,2∶ 5,1∶ 5) in a sample with increasing proportion of Taoren,the extraction amount of gallic acid,( +) catechin,chrysophanol of Rhizoma Rhei increased significantly. Conclusion: There is obvious change in chemical constituents of the extraction amount of Rhizoma Rhei with the change of the ratio in Dahuang-Taoren, and Dahuang-Taoren with the ratio( 2∶ 3,2∶ 5,1∶ 5),the extraction amount of gallic acid,( +)-catechin,sennoside B,aloe-emodin,emodin,chrysophanol,physcion,chrysophanol-1-O-glucoside are significantly higher than control group.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Rizoma , Antraquinonas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Emodina/análogos & derivados , Rheum , Extrato de Senna , Senosídeos
9.
Bot Stud ; 55(1): 47, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28510936

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Copper is an important heavy metal pollutant, with strong toxicity and great harm, which is easy to accumulate in the plant body and is difficult for degradation. This paper adopts medium culture method, taking "Zheng Dan 958" maize seedlings as sample materials. With different copper ion concentration gradients for the simulation of metal copper stress on maize seedlings, it explored the effects on the membrane structure (POD activity, MDA content, membrane permeability) and root activity. RESULTS: POD activity increases dramatically when the copper concentration is over 10 µmol/L. MDA content increases sharply when the copper concentration is over 1000 µmol/L, showing a rising trend. Membrane permeability increases greatly when the copper concentration is over 100 µmol/L. Root activity decreases significantly when the copper concentration is 100 µmol/L, showing a clear downward trend. CONCLUSIONS: The copper concentration of 1000 µmol/L has exceeded the maize seedling tolerance to copper, and the activities of protective enzymes of maize seedlings are inhibited. Cell membrane lipid peroxidation has caused serious damage on the structure and function of membrane. Structure of root cells of maize seedling is also damaged, reducing the root activity, so the maize is irreversible hurt.

10.
Nucleic Acid Ther ; 21(3): 225-9, 2011 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21749299

RESUMO

A specific single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) aptamer (aptamer17) that specifically recognizes differentiated PC12 cells had been previously obtained after 6 rounds of whole cell-based subtractive systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment selection from a random ssDNA library. To further investigate the relationship between the structure and function of this aptamer, 3 truncated ssDNA aptamers were designed according to the predicted secondary structure of aptamer17. Our results show that the stem-loop is the core structure of the aptamers required for specific binding to differentiated PC12 cells, specifically loops I and II. Aptamer17 and the truncated aptamers with this basic structure could bind specifically to differentiated PC12 cells and identify these cells from a mixture of differentiated and undifferentiated PC12 cells. Therefore, truncated forms of aptamer17 may be useful in the clinic to identify undifferentiated and differentiated PC12 cells from a mixture of cells.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química , DNA de Cadeia Simples/química , Sequências Repetidas Invertidas , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Animais , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/genética , DNA de Cadeia Simples/metabolismo , Células PC12 , Ratos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
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