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1.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 4304, 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33619362

RESUMO

To determine the correlation between the clinical, laboratory, and radiological findings and the hospitalization days in Coronavirus Infectious Disease-19 (COVID-19) discharged patients. We retrospectively identified 172 discharged patients with COVID-19 pneumonia from January 10, 2020, to February 28, 2020, in Hunan province. The patients were categorized into group 1 (≤ 19 days) and group 2 (> 19 days) based on the time from symptom onset to discharge. Cough during admission occurred more commonly in group 2 (68.4%) than in group 1 (53.1%, p = 0.042). White blood cell (p = 0.045), neutrophil counts (p = 0.023), Alanine aminotransferase (p = 0.029), Aspartate aminotransferase (p = 0.027) and Lactate dehydrogenase (p = 0.021) that were above normal were more common in group 2. Patients with single lesions were observed more in group 1(17.7%, p = 0.018) and multiple lesions observed more in group 2(86.8%, p = 0.012). The number of lobes involved (p = 0.008) in the CT score (p = 0.001) for each patient was all differences between the two groups with a statistically significant difference. Mixed ground-glass opacity (GGO) and consolidation appearances were observed in most patients. GGO components > consolidation appearance was more common in group 1 (25.0%) than in group 2 (8.0%) with a significant difference (0.015), GGO < consolidation was more common in group 2(71.1%, p = 0.012). From the logistic regression analysis, the CT score (OR, 1.223; 95% CI, 1.004 to 1.491, p = 0.046) and the appearance of GGO > consolidation (OR, 0.150; 95% CI, 0.034 to 0.660, p = 0.012) were independently associated with the hospitalization days. Thus, special attention should be paid to the role of radiological features in monitoring the disease prognosis.

2.
J Int Med Res ; 49(2): 300060520981259, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528285

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of lipoxin A4 (LXA4) on inflammasome and inflammatory activity in macrophages activated by Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide (PgLPS) one of the major causative agents of chronic periodontitis. METHODS: The mouse macrophage cell line RAW264.7 was used to produce an activated inflammation model. Markers of inflammasome and inflammatory activity and autophagy were assessed by ELISA, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and Western blot assay. RESULTS: Markers of inflammasome activity, inflammation and autophagy increased with Pg LPS concentration. They also increased with increasing exposure to Pg LPS up to 12h but decreased at 24h. However, markers of autophagy increased. Phosphorylated NF-κBp65 decreased with LXA4, which was similar to results obtained with the autophagy inducer, rapamycin. CONCLUSIONS: LXA4 promoted autophagy and inhibited activation of inflammasomes and inflammation markers in macrophage inflammation induced by PgLPS and this action was linked to the phosphorylation of NF-κB.

3.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33523578

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the role of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in the pathogenesis of ameloblastoma (AB), identifying potential novel targets for future targeted therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CircRNA and microRNA (miRNA) profiling in AB were built with microarrays. Six novel circRNAs were validated, circ-miRNA networks were delineated. Hsa-miR-608 was filtered over cross-comparison between database screening, miRNA microarray and validated. Circ-miRNA binding sponge was validated via luciferase reporter assay. Downstream mRNAs were screened. Regulation between miRNAs and mRNAs was confirmed in vitro. Gene interaction networks and circRNA-miRNA-mRNA interaction pathway enrichment analyses were established. RESULTS: Six differentially expressed circRNAs were selected and validated. According to miRNAs and pathways predicted, six correlated miRNAs were selected, hsa-miR-608 was filtered and validated. The hsa_circ_0089153/hsa-miR-608 binding sponge was validated. Downstream gene interaction networks showed that EGFR and p53 had the strongest co-expression. In vitro transfection results confirmed the suppressive function of miR-608 and EGFR p53. Hsa_circ_0089153/hsa-miR-608/EGFR p53 interaction pathway enrichment analysis confirmed functions mainly enriched in MAPK and related signaling pathways regulating AB progression. CONCLUSIONS: Six novel circRNAs were identified. Hsa_circ_0089153/hsa-miR-608 sponging was validated, hsa-miR-608 downregulated EGFR and p53, which might further regulate cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, and cell cycle processes via the MAPK signaling pathway.

4.
Food Chem ; 338: 128117, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33091985

RESUMO

Sugars are critical components of fruit juice. The binding of sugars and aroma compounds may affect the release of flavor in juices. In this study, the effects of sucrose, glucose, and fructose on the release of active aroma compounds in fresh and high hydrostatic pressure-processed (HPP) Tainong mango juice were evaluated. Using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry/olfactometry and odor activity values, four volatiles were identified as active aroma compounds in fresh and HPP mango juice. Furthermore, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and isothermal titration calorimetry illustrated that the sugar-volatile interaction was hydrophobically-driven, with hydrogen bonding to some extent. As the concentrations of sugar were increased in the fresh juice, a significant change in the release of active volatiles occurred, while HPP juice showed stronger retention of the active volatiles. The results suggest that high hydrostatic pressure processing maintained the freshness of mango juice flavor by strengthening aroma retention within the juice matrix.


Assuntos
Manipulação de Alimentos , Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais/análise , Mangifera/química , Odorantes/análise , Açúcares/química , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Pressão Hidrostática , Paladar
5.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 42(1): 259-270, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048406

RESUMO

Insomnia disorder is the most common sleep disorder and has drawn increasing attention. Many studies have shown that hyperarousal plays a key role in the pathophysiology of insomnia disorder. However, the specific brain mechanisms underlying insomnia disorder remain unclear. To elucidate the neuropathophysiology of insomnia disorder, we investigated the brain functional networks of patients with insomnia disorder and healthy controls across the sleep-wake cycle. EEG-fMRI data from 33 patients with insomnia disorder and 31 well-matched healthy controls during wakefulness and nonrapid eye movement sleep, including N1, N2 and N3 stages, were analyzed. A medial and anterior thalamic region was selected as the seed considering its role in sleep-wake regulation. The functional connectivity between the thalamic seed and voxels across the brain was calculated. ANOVA with factors "group" and "stage" was performed on thalamus-based functional connectivity. Correlations between the misperception index and altered functional connectivity were explored. A group-by-stage interaction was observed at widespread cortical regions. Regarding the main effect of group, patients with insomnia disorder demonstrated decreased thalamic connectivity with the left amygdala, parahippocampal gyrus, putamen, pallidum and hippocampus across wakefulness and all three nonrapid eye movement sleep stages. The thalamic connectivity in the subcortical cluster and the right temporal cluster in N1 was significantly correlated with the misperception index. This study demonstrated the brain functional basis in insomnia disorder and illustrated its relationship with sleep misperception, shedding new light on the brain mechanisms of insomnia disorder and indicating potential therapeutic targets for its treatment.

6.
J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact ; 20(4): 614-618, 2020 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33265091

RESUMO

Wilson's disease (WD) is an autosomal recessive genetic disease linked to ATP7B, which is located on the chromosome 13q14.3. We presently report a hepatolenticular degeneration carrier whose clinical phenotype mainly included limb weakness and tremor with a novel WD mutation. The mutation in Exon 10 of ATP7B Gene [c.2480G>A p. (Arg827Gln)] was identified after gene sequencing. We have provided diagnostic analyses, such as muscle biopsy and electrophysiology, which would be helpful to deepen the understanding of the pathogenesis underneath nerve damage in WD heterozygote carriers (Hzc).

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33379861

RESUMO

Despite recent advances in bioinspired underwater adhesives, achieving tough, fast, and stable adhesion in aqueous environments is still challenging. Here, an underwater super-tape with semi-interpenetrating polymer networks (SIPNs) and a water-repelling liquid surface is synthesized. In the SIPN, the linear chains easily diffuse to adapt to the adherends, and the cross-linked chains provide the super-tape with high dimensional stability. Meanwhile, both the linear and cross-linked chains bear many catechol groups, which can not only vigorously interact with the adherends but also form numerous hydrogen bonds serving as sacrificial bonds in the SIPN. Thus, the super-tape shows both high interfacial adhesion and cohesive energy. Moreover, the super-tape is covered with a water-repelling liquid surface by spraying it with traces of a hydrophobic solvent. It is demonstrated that the hydrophobic solvent absorbed on the surface of the super-tape can remove water between the tape and adherends, enabling their intimate contact to form a strong interaction. As such, the super-tape shows excellent instant adhesion property under water, and the adhesive strength and toughness increase with time and reach their maximum values at around 5 h. The maximum debonding energy of the super-tape reaches 3933 J m-2, which is much higher than those of existing double-sided tapes.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33222013

RESUMO

We have read the article by Cai et al. and find there is a discrepancy between their data and conclusion. Their statement, "Specifically, DSG2 expression was associated with tumor size", is not supported by their own clinicopathological data and analysis. After reviewing some similar articles, we also found no available evidence showed a statistically significant association between them. Therefore, we would like to suggest Cai et al. to rectify the results they published.

9.
iScience ; 23(11): 101692, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33196021

RESUMO

The tyrosine kinase receptor ephrin receptor A2 (EPHA2) is overexpressed in lung (LSCC) and head and neck (HNSCC) squamous cell carcinomas. Although EPHA2 can inhibit tumorigenesis in a ligand-dependent fashion via phosphorylation of Y588 and Y772, it can promote tumorigenesis in a ligand-independent manner via phosphorylation of S897. Here, we show that EPHA2 and Roundabout Guidance Receptor 1 (ROBO1) interact to form a functional heterodimer. Furthermore, we show that the ROBO1 ligand Slit Guidance Ligand 2 (SLIT2) and ensartinib, an inhibitor of EPHA2, can attenuate growth of HNSCC cells and act synergistically in LSCC cells. Our results suggest that patients with LSCC and HNSCC may be stratified and treated based on their EPHA2 and ROBO1 expression patterns. Although ~73% of patients with LSCC could benefit from SLIT2+ensartinib treatment, ~41% of patients with HNSCC could be treated with either SLIT2 or ensartinib. Thus, EPHA2 and ROBO1 represent potential LSCC and HNSCC theranostics.

10.
Transl Oncol ; 14(1): 100946, 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33221681

RESUMO

Cancer cell phenotypes evolve during a tumor's treatment. In some cases, tumor cells acquire cancer stem cell-like (CSL) traits such as resistance to chemotherapy and diminished differentiation; therefore, targeting these cells may be therapeutically beneficial. In this study we show that in progressive estrogen receptor positive (ER+) metastatic breast cancer tumors, resistant subclones that emerge following chemotherapy have increased CSL abundance. Further, in vitro organoid growth of ER+ patient cancer cells also shows that chemotherapy treatment leads to increased abundance of ALDH+/CD44+ CSL cells. Chemotherapy induced CSL abundance is blocked by treatment with a pan-HDAC inhibitor, belinostat. Belinostat treatment diminished both mammosphere formation and size following chemotherapy, indicating a decrease in progenitor CSL traits. HDAC inhibitors specific to class IIa (HDAC4, HDAC5) and IIb (HDAC6) were shown to primarily reverse the chemo-resistant CSL state. Single-cell RNA sequencing analysis with patient samples showed that HDAC targets and MYC signaling were promoted by chemotherapy and inhibited upon HDAC inhibitor treatment. In summary, HDAC inhibition can block chemotherapy-induced drug resistant phenotypes with 'one-two punch' strategy in refractory breast cancer cells.

11.
Minerva Endocrinol ; 2020 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33103870

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex endocrine disorder with well-established metabolic abnormalities. In the present study, untargeted metabolomics technology was applied to analyze the serum and follicular fluid samples from women with polycystic ovary syndrome and healthy controls using 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). METHODS: 70 samples for PCOS analysis were collected in hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, NMR was used as analytical technology and multivariate analysis was applied to analyze metabolomics difference in PCOS and healthy controls. RESULTS: Significant metabolic differences were found in both serum and follicular fluid samples with orthogonal partial least-squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA). Three discriminated metabolites (1-Methylhistidine, threonine and Citrate) in both serum and follicular fluid were altered in PCOS patients. Abnormal energy metabolism, lipid metabolism and amino acid metabolism were detected in PCOS patients. Furthermore, more significantly changed amino acids were discovered in follicular fluid samples. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings would provide a resource for further investigations on metabolic disturbance in PCOS patients.

12.
Oncol Lett ; 20(6): 308, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33093917

RESUMO

Aberrant DNA replication is one of the driving forces behind oncogenesis. Furthermore, minichromosome maintenance complex component 3 (MCM3) serves an essential role in DNA replication. Therefore, in the present study, the diagnostic and prognostic value of MCM3 and its interacting proteins in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were investigated. By utilizing The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, global MCM3 mRNA levels were assessed in HCC and normal liver tissues. Its effects were further analyzed by reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR), western blotting and immunohistochemistry in 78 paired HCC and adjacent tissues. Functional and pathway enrichment analyses were performed using the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes database. The expression levels of proteins that interact with MCM3 were also analyzed using the TCGA database and RT-qPCR. Finally, algorithms combining receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were constructed using binary logistic regression using the TCGA results. Increased MCM3 mRNA expression with high α-fetoprotein levels and advanced Edmondson-Steiner grade were found to be characteristic of HCC. Survival analysis revealed that high MCM3 expression was associated with poor outcomes in patients with HCC. In addition, MCM3 protein expression was associated with increased tumor invasion in HCC tissues. MCM3 and its interacting proteins were found to be primarily involved in DNA replication, cell cycle and a number of binding processes. Algorithms combining ROCs of MCM3 and its interacting proteins were found to have improved HCC diagnosis ability compared with MCM3 and other individual diagnostic markers. In conclusion, MCM3 appears to be a promising diagnostic biomarker for HCC. Additionally, the present study provides a basis for the multi-gene diagnosis of HCC using MCM3.

13.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 89(Pt A): 107014, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039959

RESUMO

Acute lung injury (ALI) is a life-threatening disorder with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Up to now, there are still no effective drugs for its therapies due to the complexity of its etiology and pathogenesis. In this present study, we investigated the protective effect of Nervilifordin F (NF) on ALI induced by intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (II/R) and its related mechanism. Firstly, the ALI model rats were induced through II/R, and treated with NF. Then, the pathological and cytokine level changes in the lung tissue of ALI rats were evaluated by hematoxylin and eosin and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The related genes expression level of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway and inflammasome were measured by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), western blot and immunohistochemistry. Finally, the NF-protein complexes were predicted by SYBYL-X 2.0. The results indicated that NF can significant reduces the levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-1ß, and inhibits the expression of inflammasome related genes (such as toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), p65, NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) and Caspase 1), thereby reduce inflammation in II/R-induced ALI rats. Moreover, NF can activate the expression of FK506 binding protein 25 (FKBP25) and down-regulate the expression of mTOR and p70 ribosomal protein S6 kinase 1 (p70S6K). In addition, molecular docking results showed that NF can be combined well with p70S6K, TLR4, mTOR and NLRP3, which further verified the inhibitory effect of NF on ALI inflammation. Therefore, the findings indicate that NF can alleviates II/R-induced inflammation of ALI rats by inhibiting inflammasome related genes and mTOR pathway, which expected to use as a potential drug for the treatment of ALI.

14.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 10(10)2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008011

RESUMO

This study aims to explore computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of patients diagnosed with primary cardiac angiosarcoma. The study involved the analysis of 12 patients diagnosed with primary cardiac angiosarcoma who underwent non-contrast (8/12) or contrast-enhanced CT (10/12) or MRI (4/12). Imaging appearances, including the tumor location and adjacent infiltration, were analyzed. All 12 lesions were located in the right atrium with a broad base. Adjacent invasion including the tricuspid valve and right ventricle (2/12), inferior or superior vena cava (2/12), pericardium (10/12), and right coronary artery (7/12) was common. On unenhanced CT scans, tumors in two patients were homogeneous in density, whereas the others were inhomogeneous. Ten patients showed heterogeneous enhancement. The enhancement pattern showed no direct correlation with the differentiation degree of the tumor. Four lesions manifested as heterogeneous intensity, with hyperintense hemorrhage foci on both T1- and T2-weighted MRI. Three showed rim enhancement and one showed patchy enhancement. Primary cardiac angiosarcoma often involves the right side of the heart with infiltration of peripheral structures. CT features include typical inhomogeneous density on unenhanced scans and heterogeneous centripetal enhancement on enhanced scans. A cauliflower-like appearance on both T1- and T2-weighted MRI is common. The characteristic enhancement pattern of MRI remains to be determined.

15.
Cell Cycle ; 19(21): 2760-2775, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016196

RESUMO

Hippo pathway is a chain of kinases consists of a series of protein kinases and transcription factors. Meanwhile, oxidative stress is a condition of elevated concentrations of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that cause molecular damage to vital structures and functions. Both of them are key regulators in cell proliferation, survival, and development. These processes are strictly regulated by highly coordinated mechanisms, including c-Jun n-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway, mTOR pathway and a number of extrinsic and intrinsic factors. Recently, emerging evidence suggests that Hippo pathway is involved in the responses to cellular stresses, including mechanic stress, DNA damage, and oxidative stress, to mediate biological process, such as apoptosis, pyroptosis, and metastasis. But the exact mechanism remains to be further explored. Therefore, the purpose of this review is to summarize recent findings and discuss how Hippo pathway, oxidative stress, and the crosstalk between them regulate some biological process which determines cell fate.

16.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4400, 2020 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879306

RESUMO

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is highly transmitted through the respiratory route, but potential extra-respiratory routes of SARS-CoV-2 transmission remain uncertain. Here we inoculated five rhesus macaques with 1 × 106 TCID50 of SARS-CoV-2 conjunctivally (CJ), intratracheally (IT), and intragastrically (IG). Nasal and throat swabs collected from CJ and IT had detectable viral RNA at 1-7 days post-inoculation (dpi). Viral RNA was detected in anal swabs from only the IT group at 1-7 dpi. Viral RNA was undetectable in tested swabs and tissues after intragastric inoculation. The CJ infected animal had a higher viral load in the nasolacrimal system than the IT infected animal but also showed mild interstitial pneumonia, suggesting distinct virus distributions. This study shows that infection via the conjunctival route is possible in non-human primates; further studies are necessary to compare the relative risk and pathogenesis of infection through these different routes in more detail.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , Túnica Conjuntiva/virologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais , Betacoronavirus/genética , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Intestino Grosso/virologia , Pulmão/patologia , Pulmão/virologia , Macaca mulatta , Masculino , Cavidade Nasal/virologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , RNA Viral/análise , RNA Viral/genética , Traqueia/virologia , Carga Viral , Replicação Viral
17.
J Int Med Res ; 48(9): 300060520956834, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32967488

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate associations between the clinical characteristics and incubation periods of patients infected with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Wuhan, China. METHODS: Complete clinical and epidemiological data from 149 patients with COVID-19 at a hospital in Hunan Province, China, were collected and retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Analysis of the distribution and receiver operator characteristic curve of incubation periods showed that 7 days was the optimal cut-off value to assess differences in disease severity between groups. Patients with shorter (≤7 days) incubation periods (n = 79) had more severe disease, longer durations of hospitalization, longer times from symptom onset to discharge, more abnormal laboratory findings, and more severe radiological findings than patients with longer (>7 days) incubation periods. Regression and correlation analyses also showed that a shorter incubation period was associated with longer times from symptom onset to discharge. CONCLUSION: The associations between the incubation periods and clinical characteristics of COVID-19 patients suggest that the incubation period may be a useful marker of disease severity and prognosis.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Período de Incubação de Doenças Infecciosas , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/análise , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Alta do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Análise de Sobrevida
18.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 8: 780, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32974339

RESUMO

The social demand for dental implantation is growing at a rapid rate, while dentists are faced with the dilemma of implantation failures associated with unfavorable osseointegration. Clinical-friendly osteogenesis, angiogenesis and osteoimmunology around dental implants play a pivotal role in a desirable osseointegration and it's increasingly appreciated that Hippo-YAP signaling pathway is implicated in those biological processes both in vitro and in vivo in a variety of study. In this article we review the multiple effects of Hippo-YAP signaling in osseointegration of dental implants by regulating osteogenesis, angiogenesis and osteoimmunology in peri-implant tissue, as well as highlight prospective future directions of relevant investigation.

19.
Int J Pharm ; 589: 119846, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891717

RESUMO

Kangfuxin liquid (KFX) is a Chinese medicine extracted from Periplaneta americana dried worms, which presented the bioactive functions of anti-inflammation and promoting the gastrointestinal mucosal barriers repair. But the low availability of KFX exposed to the distal colon affects its therapeutic effect on ulcerative colitis. Herein, an in situ hydrogel containing KFX was designed by using temperature-sensitive poloxamer 407 (P-407) as material for rectal administration. Three KFX-P formulations with different P407 concentrations (17%, 20% and 25%) were designed and screened by detecting the gelation time, gelation temperature and mechanical strength of hydrogel. P407 in these formulations was able to be completely dissolved in KFX at 4 ℃ and then was in situ gelled at 37 ℃ to form a semisolid hydrogel. Moreover, the gelation time, the gelation temperature and the mechanical strength of KFX-P hydrogel are highly dependent on P407 concentration. With P407 concentration increasing, both the gelation time and gelation temperature of KFX-P accordingly decreased and the gelation temperature range becomes narrowed; while the mechanical strength increased. KFX-P-20% displayed the moderate gelation temperature (28-30 ℃), the short gelation time (26 s) and the moderate mechanical strength (G' = 4.2 × 103 Pa), which was chosen for animal study. Thereafter, ulcerative colitis mice model (UC) was established by dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) and the therapeutic effect of KFX-P on UC was evaluated by inflammation symptoms relief, colon length, colonic MPO level and colonography. After rectal administration of KFX or KFX-P, the symptoms including diarrhea and hematochezia (DAI scores), weight loss and spleen swelling were significantly hindered. Meanwhile, the colonic MPO level in these groups was significantly decreased in comparison with PBS treatment. But the therapeutic effect of KFX-P was better than KFX. Besides, the morphology and mucosal barrier of colon were evaluated by HE staining, ZO-1 and claudin-5 staining. The mucosa epithelium layer, crypt, muscle layer mucosa and submucosa were also well repaired after KFX-P treatment. The strong fluorescence of ZO-1 and claudin-5 were uniformly distributed along the whole epithelial mucosa after KFX-P treatment, indicating the effective repairing of the colonic mucosal barrier. Collectively, the temperature-sensitive KFX-P for rectal delivery could effectively promote the repair of the colon mucosal barrier and inhibit the colonic inflammation in DSS-induced mice, which may be a potential strategy for UC treatment.

20.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 196: 105651, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32712571

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Recently, deep convolutional neural network has significantly improved image classification and image segmentation. If coronary artery disease (CAD) can be diagnosed through machine learning and deep learning, it will significantly reduce the burdens of the doctors and accelerate the critical patient diagnoses. The purpose of the study is to assess the practicability of utilizing deep learning approaches to process coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) imaging (termed CCTA-artificial intelligence, CCTA-AI) in coronary artery stenosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A CCTA reconstruction pipeline was built by utilizing deep learning and transfer learning approaches to generate auto-reconstructed CCTA images based on a series of two-dimensional (2D) CT images. 150 patients who underwent successively CCTA and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) from June 2017 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The dataset was divided into two parts comprising training dataset and testing dataset. The training dataset included the CCTA images of 100 patients which are trained using convolutional neural networks (CNN) in order to further identify various plaque classifications and coronary stenosis. The other 50 CAD patients acted as testing dataset that is evaluated by comparing the auto-reconstructed CCTA images with traditional CCTA images on the condition that DSA images are regarded as the reference method. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used for statistical analysis to compare CCTA-AI with DSA and traditional CCTA in the aspect of detecting coronary stenosis and plaque features. RESULTS: AI significantly reduces time for post-processing and diagnosis comparing to the traditional methods. In identifying various degrees of coronary stenosis, the diagnostic accuracy of CCTA-AI is better than traditional CCTA (AUCAI = 0.870, AUCCCTA = 0.781, P < 0.001). In identifying ≥ 50% stenotic vessels, the accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of CCTA-AI and traditional method are 86% and 83%, 88% and 59%, 85% and 94%, 73% and 84%, 94% and 83%, respectively. In the aspect of identifying plaque classification, accuracy of CCTA-AI is moderate compared to traditional CCTA (AUC = 0.750, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The proposed CCTA-AI allows the generation of auto-reconstructed CCTA images from a series of 2D CT images. This approach is relatively accurate for detecting ≥50% stenosis and analyzing plaque features compared to traditional CCTA.

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