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1.
Bioorg Chem ; 123: 105780, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35395448

RESUMO

Swietelinins A - C (1-3) and swieteliacates F - R (4-16), sixteen new limonoids and 18 known limonoids (17-34) were isolated from Swietenia macrophylla. The absolute configurations of these compounds were defined by using a combination of electronic circular dichroism data analysis and single-crystal X-ray diffraction data. Swieteliacate J (10) is the first limonoid possessing an unusual 8ß, 9ß-epoxy ring system. All of the compounds were tested for cytotoxicity against four human tumor cell lines (SMMC-7721, SW620, A549, and A375). Compounds 10, 11, and 19 exhibited selectively moderate cytotoxicity against four tumor cell lines, especially 19 exhibited significant cytotoxic effects against A375 with IC50 an value of 9.8 µM and was more active than the positive control, dacarbazine with an IC50 value of 22.4 µM. Compound 19 effectively induced apoptosis of A375, which was associated with G2/M-phase cell cycle arrest. Flow cytometric analysis showed that the treatment by 19 significantly induced A375 cell apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner.


Assuntos
Limoninas , Melanoma , Meliaceae , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Limoninas/química , Limoninas/farmacologia , Meliaceae/química
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35124186

RESUMO

Basal metabolic rate (BMR) has been shown to be a highly phenotypic flexibility trait within species. A significant proportion of an individual's energy budget is accounted for by BMR, hence among-individual variation in this trait may affect other energetic processes, as well as fitness. In this study, we measured BMR, organ mass, mitochondrial respiration capacities and cytochrome c oxidase (COX) activities in muscle and liver and circulating levels of plasma triiodothyronine (T3) in Chinese bulbuls (Pycnonotus sinensis) and Eurasian tree sparrows (Passer montanus). Our results showed that heart and kidney mass was positively correlated with BMR in Chinese bulbuls, whereas liver and kidney mass was positively correlated with BMR in Eurasian tree sparrows. Regarding metabolic biochemical markers of tissues, state 4 respiration and COX activity in the muscles of the Chinese bulbuls was correlated with BMR, while state 4 respiration in the muscle and liver was correlated with BMR in Eurasian tree sparrows. T3 was significantly and positively correlated with BMR in Chinese bulbuls and Eurasian tree sparrows. Consistent with the above results, our findings suggest that T3 levels play an important role in modulating BMR in Chinese bulbuls and Eurasian tree sparrows. Moreover, individual variation in BMR can be explained partly by morphological and physiological mechanisms.


Assuntos
Metabolismo Basal , Pardais , Animais , Fígado , Músculos , Tri-Iodotironina
3.
Opt Express ; 29(21): 34510-34521, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34809239

RESUMO

Terahertz (THz) frequency modulated continuous wave (FMCW) technology is a means of nondestructive testing. The signal's nonlinearity is an unavoidable problem in the daily application of THz FMCW technology. The signal's nonlinearity will lead to the spectrum broadening of the FMCW's beat frequency (BF) signal, which degrades the range resolution and result in distance-measuring error. Traditional methods require additional hardware or require a lot of computation, which are not conducive to the miniaturization of the system and real-time measurement. A novel method for correcting the nonlinear error of THz FMCW technology has been proposed and demonstrated in this article. In the proposed method, the windowed Fourier transform (WFT) is introduced to estimate the BF corresponding to the measured target, according to the linearity distribution of voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO). In this way, the measured target's BF can be accurately estimated from the unprocessed BF signal with a poor linearity. From the estimated BF of the reference target, the non-linear compensation coefficients are calculated. With the non-linear compensation coefficients, the non-linearity of the output BF signal can be calibrated. The results of simulations and experiments show that the proposed method allows the range resolution of an FMCW system to reach the theoretical limit.

4.
BMJ Open ; 11(8): e046310, 2021 08 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34373296

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Regardless of having effective vaccines against COVID-19, containment measures such as enhanced physical distancing and good practice of personal hygiene remain the mainstay of controlling the COVID-19 pandemic. Countries across Asia have imposed these containment measures to varying extents. However, residents in different countries would have a differing degree of compliance to these containment measures potentially due to differences in the level of awareness and motivation in the early phase of pandemic. OBJECTIVES: In our study, we aimed to describe and correlate the level of knowledge and attitude with the level of compliance with personal hygiene and physical distancing practices among Asian countries in the early phase of pandemic. METHODS: A multinational cross-sectional study was carried out using electronic surveys between May and June 2020 across 14 geographical areas. Subjects aged 21 years and above were invited to participate through social media, word of mouth and electronic mail. RESULTS: Among the 2574 responses obtained, 762 (29.6%) participants were from East Asia and 1812 (70.4%) were from Southeast Asia (SEA). A greater proportion of participants from SEA will practise physical distancing as long as it takes (72.8% vs 60.6%). Having safe distancing practices such as standing more than 1 or 2 m apart (AdjOR 5.09 95% CI (1.08 to 24.01)) or more than 3 or 4 m apart (AdjOR 7.05 95% CI (1.32 to 37.67)), wearing a mask when they had influenza-like symptoms before the COVID-19 pandemic, preferring online news channels such as online news websites/applications (AdjOR 1.73 95% CI (1.21 to 2.49)) and social media (AdjOR 1.68 95% CI (1.13 to 2.50) as sources of obtaining information about COVID-19 and high psychological well-being (AdjOR 1.39 95% CI (1.04 to 1.87)) were independent factors associated with high compliance. CONCLUSIONS: We found factors associated with high compliance behaviour against COVID-19 in the early phase of pandemic and it will be useful to consider them in risk assessment, communication and pandemic preparedness.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
PLoS One ; 16(6): e0252835, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34097719

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: Knowledge and attitude influence compliance and individuals' practices. The risk and protective factors associated with high compliance to these preventive measures are critical to enhancing pandemic preparedness. OBJECTIVE: This survey aims to assess differences in mental health, knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of preventive measures for COVID-19 amongst healthcare professionals (HCP) and non-healthcare professionals. DESIGN: Multi-national cross-sectional study was carried out using electronic surveys between May-June 2020. SETTING: Multi-national survey was distributed across 36 countries through social media, word-of-mouth, and electronic mail. PARTICIPANTS: Participants ≥21 years working in healthcare and non-healthcare related professions. MAIN OUTCOME: Risk factors determining the difference in KAP towards personal hygiene and social distancing measures during COVID-19 amongst HCP and non-HCP. RESULTS: HCP were significantly more knowledgeable on personal hygiene (AdjOR 1.45, 95% CI -1.14 to 1.83) and social distancing (AdjOR 1.31, 95% CI -1.06 to 1.61) compared to non-HCP. They were more likely to have a positive attitude towards personal hygiene and 1.5 times more willing to participate in the contact tracing app. There was high compliance towards personal hygiene and social distancing measures amongst HCP. HCP with high compliance were 1.8 times more likely to flourish and more likely to have a high sense of emotional (AdjOR 1.94, 95% CI (1.44 to 2.61), social (AdjOR 2.07, 95% CI -1.55 to 2.78), and psychological (AdjOR 2.13, 95% CI (1.59-2.85) well-being. CONCLUSION AND RELEVANCE: While healthcare professionals were more knowledgeable, had more positive attitudes, their higher sense of total well-being was seen to be more critical to enhance compliance. Therefore, focusing on the well-being of the general population would help to enhance their compliance towards the preventive measures for COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Cooperação do Paciente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Saúde Global , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(12): 1396-1401, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34074848

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common functional gastrointestinal disease worldwide. Current guidelines of IBS are mostly based on the western populations and expected to vary in different communities. China has a large population and a vast literature is available on IBS. Due to linguistic variations in the literature, the studies are not widely known and their conclusions thus remain largely obscured to the western medical literature. In this article, we reviewed the published literatures on the investigations of IBS epidemiology, diagnosis, and management in the Chinese population and emphasized the different findings gleaned from the western publications. The detailed literature review will benefit understanding of and promote future study on IBS.


Assuntos
Gastroenteropatias , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/diagnóstico , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/epidemiologia , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/terapia
7.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 36(8): 2187-2197, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33615534

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Gastrointestinal manifestations of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic may mimic irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and social distancing measures may affect IBS patients negatively. We aimed to study the impact of COVID-19 on respondents with self-reported IBS. METHODS: We conducted an anonymized survey from May to June 2020 in 33 countries. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices on personal hygiene and social distancing as well as psychological impact of COVID-19 were assessed. Statistical analysis was performed to determine differences in well-being and compliance to social distancing measures between respondents with and without self-reported IBS. Factors associated with improvement or worsening of IBS symptoms were evaluated. RESULTS: Out of 2704 respondents, 2024 (74.9%) did not have IBS, 305 (11.3%) had self-reported IBS, and 374 (13.8%) did not know what IBS was. Self-reported IBS respondents reported significantly worse emotional, social, and psychological well-being compared with non-IBS respondents and were less compliant to social distancing measures (28.2% vs 35.3%, P = 0.029); 61.6% reported no change, 26.6% reported improvement, and 11.8% reported worsening IBS symptoms. Higher proportion of respondents with no change in IBS symptoms were willing to practice social distancing indefinitely versus those who deteriorated (74.9% vs 51.4%, P = 0.016). In multivariate analysis, willingness to continue social distancing for another 2-3 weeks (vs longer period) was significantly associated with higher odds of worsening IBS. CONCLUSION: Our study showed that self-reported IBS respondents had worse well-being and compliance to social distancing measures than non-IBS respondents. Future research will focus on occupational stress and dietary changes during COVID-19 that may influence IBS.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Cooperação do Paciente , SARS-CoV-2 , Autorrelato , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Singapura/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
In Vivo ; 35(1): 325-332, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33402481

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Salvia miltiorrhiza is a medical herb for human disorders including cardiovascular diseases and cancer. However, the interactions between Salvia miltiorrhiza and its endophytes are largely unknown. The current study aimed at identifying its endophytic fungi and examining their inhibitory effects on anti-pathogenic fungus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Distinct species of endophytic fungi were isolated from the roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza, cultured, sequenced, aiming to predict their taxonomical structures. Meanwhile, extracts from each endophytic fungus fermentations were isolated, compared and evaluated on the inhibitory efficacies on five pathological fungi, Cercospora nicotianae, Phoma arachnidicola, Staphylococcus, Phytophthora eggplant, and Rhizoctonia cerealis. RESULTS: A total of 34 strains of endophytic fungi were obtained from Salvia miltiorrhiza. Among them, SX19 and C. Gloeosporioids exhibited the most effective inhibitions on five pathogenic fungi. CONCLUSION: The anti-fungal activities of the endophytic fungus from Salvia miltiorrhiza were confirmed for the first time, and this may benefit crop quality and production in the future.


Assuntos
Salvia miltiorrhiza , Basidiomycota , Endófitos/genética , Fungos , Humanos , Raízes de Plantas
9.
Nat Prod Res ; 35(15): 2564-2568, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31709825

RESUMO

The cortex root of Paeonia ostii, is used as a traditional Chinese medicine for treating female diseases. Phytochemical investigation of the water-soluble fraction of the plant led to the isolation of two new acetoisovanillone glycosides: acetoisovanillone-3-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside (1) and 2-hydroxy-acetoisovanillone-3-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside (2). Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods.


Assuntos
Glicosídeos/química , Paeonia , Feminino , Glicosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Água
10.
Nat Prod Res ; 35(7): 1199-1206, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31305141

RESUMO

Five new natural compounds (1-5) along with four known ones, involving dibenzo-α-pyrone derivatives, a benzo-γ-pyrone derivative and an amide-type compound were obtained from Alternaria alternata, an endophyte isolated from Paeonia lactiflora. The structures of these isolates were elucidated by intensive analysis of spectroscopic data including NMR, HRMS (ESI and EI), UV and IR spectra. Compounds (1-4) were evaluated for their cytotoxicities against five selected human tumourtumour cell lines (A-549, MDA-MB-231, MCF-7, KB and KB-VIN), and compound 3 exhibited activities against MDA-MB-231and MCF-7 with IC50 values of 20.1 µM and 32.2 µM.


Assuntos
Alternaria/química , Endófitos/química , Plantas/microbiologia , Produtos Biológicos/química , Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética Nuclear de Carbono-13 , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética
11.
J Periodontol ; 92(1): 159-169, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32304102

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate whether human periodontal ligament (PDL) cells secrete pro-angiogenic factors that induce the vascularization of surrounding bone tissue under tensile stress. METHODS: Quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting were used to analyze the mRNA and protein expression levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), Angiopoietin-I (Ang-I), connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), and macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) in PDL cells after tensile force treatments of different durations. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure the VEGF concentration in the supernatants of cell cultures. Cell viability assay, wound healing assay, and tube formation assay were performed to evaluate the angiogenic behaviors of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). RESULTS: The mRNA expression and protein expression of VEGF, bFGF, Ang-I, and M-CSF was increased in the cells that received 6 to 48 hours of tensile force treatment. And, the VEGF level in the supernatant significantly increased in the human PDL cell cultures stressed for 6 to 48 hours. The abilities of HUVECs to proliferate, migrate, and form tubes were enhanced in media conditioned with tensile-stressed human PDL cells. Hence, tensile force induced human PDL cells to express and release pro-angiogenic factors enhancing the proliferation, migration, and angiogenic capacity of HUVECs. CONCLUSION: Tensile stress induced human PDL cells to express and release pro-angiogenic factors, including VEGF, bFGF, Ang-I, and M-CSF, thereby enhancing the proliferation, migration, and angiogenic capacity of HUVECs.


Assuntos
Ligamento Periodontal , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Células Cultivadas , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Neovascularização Fisiológica
12.
Opt Express ; 28(21): 31862-31871, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33115150

RESUMO

We present a method to enhance steady-state bipartite and tripartite entanglement in a cavity-optomagnonics system by utilizing the Kerr nonlinearity originating from the magnetocrystalline anisotropy. The system comprises two microwave cavities and a magnon and represents the collective motion of several spins in a macroscopic ferrimagnet. We prove that Kerr nonlinearity is reliable for the enhancement of entanglement and produces a small frequency shift in the optimal detuning. Our system is more robust against the environment-induced decoherence than traditional optomechanical systems. Finally, we briefly analyze the validity of the system and demonstrate its feasibility for detecting the generated entanglement.

13.
Opt Express ; 28(12): 18397-18406, 2020 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32680038

RESUMO

A significantly low value of the single-photon coupling constant is a major challenge in the creation of a single-photon source via photon blockade. Here, we propose a photon blockade scheme composed of a weakly second-order nonlinear medium with an optical parametric amplification in a low-frequency cavity. Unlike the traditional weakly coupled system, the effective coupling strength in the proposed scheme can be significantly higher than the decay rate of the cavity mode. This can be achieved by adjusting the squeezing parameter even if the original coupling strength is weak. The thermal noise of the squeezed cavity mode can be suppressed by a squeezed vacuum field. Using a probability amplitude method, we obtain the optimal condition of photon blockade in the steady-state. By solving the master equation numerically in the steady-state, a strong photon antibunching effect that is consistent with the optimal conditions can be obtained in the cavity with low frequency. Besides, the photon blockade phenomenon and cross-correlation of two cavities can be significantly enhanced under a specific squeezing parameter. Our results may be useful for future studies on the characteristics of photon statistics.

14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(2): 347-351, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237317

RESUMO

Eight compounds were isolated from the ethyl acetate extraction of Prunus mume by column chromatography. On the basis of physicochemical properties and spectrum analysis, these compounds were identified as isoquercitrin-6″-O-benzoate(1), pinoresinol(2), naringin(3), ethyl-ß-D-glucopyranoside(4), astragalin(5), quercetin(6), hypericin(7), and rutin(8). Among them, compound 1 was a new natural product, and compounds 2-5 were isolated from this plant for the first time. In vitro study, compounds 1, 3, 5-8 could significantly increase the cell survival ratio.


Assuntos
Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química , Prunus/química , Acetatos , Solventes
15.
Nat Prod Res ; 34(21): 3145-3148, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31111740

RESUMO

Six compounds were isolated from the stems and leaves of Arachis hypogaea, including a new norsesquiterpene, arahyside A (1), and five known compounds, 4-(2-methoxyethyl)benzene-1,2-diol (2), (1(R,S),2(R,S))-1-phenylpropane-1,2-diol (3), tachioside (4), 1,3-benzenediol (5), demethylmedicarpin (6). Extensive spectroscopic methods, containing HR-EI-MS, NMR and ECD were used for structural elucidation of this new compound 1. Furthermore, its cytotoxicity was evaluated by MTT assay.


Assuntos
Arachis/química , Sesquiterpenos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Estrutura Molecular , Folhas de Planta/química , Caules de Planta/química , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia
16.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 22(5): 489-495, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31190564

RESUMO

The Asian plant Kalimeris shimadai has been used as food and ethnologic medicine for over a thousand years. In this study, we isolated and identified one new lignan, kalshiolin A (1), and 12 known lignans (2-13). The structures were characterized by the comprehensive analyses of spectroscopic data (HR-ESI-MS, IR, 1D, and 2D-NMR) and the absolute configuration of 1 was determined from ECD calculations. The new compound 1 was also screened for cytotoxic activity but did not show significant potency (IC50 35.9-43.3 µM) against A549, MDA-MB-231, MCF7, KB, and KB-VIN cell lines.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos , Lignanas , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Estrutura Molecular , Extratos Vegetais
17.
RSC Adv ; 10(62): 37871-37882, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35515171

RESUMO

Biological remediation of toxic oxygen-containing anions such as nitrate that are common in the environment is of great significance. Therefore, it is necessary to understand the specific role of nitrate and nitrite reductase in the bioremediation process. Bacillus cereus LJ01, which was isolated from traditional Chinese soybean paste, effectively degraded nitrite (such as NaNO2) at 0-15 mmol L-1 in LB medium. Moreover, the nitrite-degrading active substance (ASDN) was isolated and purified from B. cereus LJ01. The nitrite-degrading activity of nitrite reductase (named LJ01-NiR) was 4004.89 U mg-1. The gene encoding the assimilation of nitrite reductase in B. cereus LJ01 was cloned and overexpressed in E. coli. The purified recombinant LJ01-NiR has a wide range of activities under temperature (20-60 °C), pH (6.5-8.0) and metal ions (Fe3+, Fe2+, Cu2+, Mn2+, and Al3+). Kinetic parameters of LJ01-NiR, including the values of K m and V max were 1.38 mM and 2.00 µmol g-1 min-1, respectively. The results showed that LJ01-NiR could degrade nitrite with or without an electron donor. In addition, sequence analysis revealed that LJ01-NiR was a ferredoxin-dependent nitrite reductase given the presence of conserved [Fe4-S4] cluster and heme-binding domain. The nitrite ion binds to the LJ01-NiR active site by forming three hydrogen bonds with the residues ASN72, ALA133 and ASN140. Due to its high nitrite-degrading activity, LJ01-NiR could potentially be used for environmental pollution treatment.

18.
Transl Cancer Res ; 9(10): 6487-6504, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35117257

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transforming growth factor beta-induced (TGFBI) protein has been found expressed in several cancer types, and expression levels of TGFBI can affect the cancer patients' outcomes, but the role of TGFBI in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) remains obscure. METHODS: The TGFBI expression levels in GBM were performed via Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA) and UALCAN databases. Further, the mutations types of TGFBI were analyzed by using the cBioportal dataset. LinkedOmics selected correlated genes, kinases, and microRNA (miRNA) targets of TGFBI. GEPIA conducted the prognostic value of TGFBI and correlated genes. Then, the relationship between TGFBI and immune infiltrates was performed by Tumor Immune Estimation Resource (Timer). We compared the TGFBI protein expression levels in GBM and control samples through the Human Protein Atlas (HPA). Finally, the GSCAlite was used to achieve the drugs, and molecules target the TGFBI and significantly correlated genes. RESULTS: TGFBI is significantly overexpressed in GBM, but the clinical features do not have considerable influence on TGFBI expression levels. Overexpression of TGFBI acts as an adverse biomarker of GBM. The enrichment function of TGFBI showed that the main biological functions, including extracellular matrix (ECM) organization, angiogenesis, leukocyte migration, T cell activation, cell cycle G2/M phase transition, and growth factor binding. About the significant correlated genes, overexpression of mitogen-activated protein kinase 13 (MAPK13) [Log-rank P=0.08 HR (high) =1.4], myosin IG (MYO1G) [Log-rank P=0.06 HR (high) =1.4], plasminogen activator urokinase receptor (PLAUR) [Log-rank P=0.03 HR (high) =1.5], thrombomodulin (THBD) [Log-rank P=0.028 HR (high) =1.5] indicated the poor prognosis of GBM. Further, TGFBI had a significant association with dendritic cell (DC) infiltrates (cor =0.516, P=9.00e-30). The higher the DC infiltration, the shorter survival of GBM. TGFBI protein expression levels were not significantly different in GBM and normal tissue. Finally, TGFBI is associated with resistance to belinostat, LAQ824, CAY10603, CUDC-101, methotrexate, 5-fluorouracil, and navitoclax. CONCLUSIONS: In the present study, we showed TGFBI was overexpressed in GBM, and TGFBI is associated with DC cell infiltrates. Overexpression of TGFBI and high DC infiltration might be an adverse biomarker of GBM. Finally, TGFBI is associated with tumor multi-drug resistance.

19.
J Nat Prod ; 82(12): 3372-3378, 2019 12 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804830

RESUMO

In a study of the potential anti-inflammatory constituents from Kalimeris shimadae, six new sesquiterpenes, kalshinoids A-F (1-6), together with 21 known compounds (7-27), were isolated. The structures and absolute configurations of the new compounds were discerned from extensive spectroscopic analysis, and the absolute configurations of kalshinoids A, B, E, and F were established by ECD calculations. Furthermore, the identified compounds were tested for anti-inflammatory activity as assessed by inhibition of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in THP-1 cells. Three sesquiterpenes [kalshinoid F, 4(15)-eudesmen-1ß,7,11-triol, and 4α,10α,11-trihydroxy-1ßH,5ßH-guai-7(8)-ene] reduced levels of TNF-α in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated THP-1 cells in a concentration-dependent manner and were more potent than dexamethasone. These natural sesquiterpenes merit further investigation as possible anti-inflammatory agents.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Asteraceae/química , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Estrutura Molecular , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Sesquiterpenos/química , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Análise Espectral/métodos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
20.
Food Sci Nutr ; 7(11): 3797-3807, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31763029

RESUMO

Kalimeris indica (L.) Sch. Bip. is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and a portion of food used for cooking in China. It has been demonstrated that an ethanol extract of K. indica has an anti-inflammatory effect by inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) production on murine macrophage RAW264.7 cells after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induction. In this study, the hepatoprotective effects of the total phenolics of K. indica (TPK), the total triterpenes of K. indica (TTK), and the total flavones of K. indica (TFK) from ethanol extracts of K. indica were evaluated in Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG)/LPS-induced liver injury in vivo. The treatments of TPK, TTK, and TFK improved liver injury in mice. Additionally, all treatments significantly not only reduced the hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA) content and hepatic total nitric oxide synthase (tNOS) but also induced the hepatic superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity. The treatments of TPK and TTK significantly reduced the hepatic inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). The treatments of TPK, TTK, and TFK reduced the serum total bilirubin (T-Bil), and only TFK treatment reduced the serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT). Our results suggest that TPK, TTK, and TFK from ethanol extracts of K. indica might play an essential protective role against BCG/LPS-induced liver injury in vivo.

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