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1.
Angiology ; : 3319719900734, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013527

RESUMO

We evaluated the relationship between serum bilirubin levels and ankle-brachial index (ABI) to determine whether gender affected the relationship between bilirubin levels and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in patients with hypertension. A total of 543 patients were included in our studies (78 patients with PAD and 465 without PAD). Peripheral arterial disease was defined as ABI <0.90 for either and/or both sides. Serum bilirubin levels were measured with a vanadate oxidation method by using fasting venous blood samples. Serum total bilirubin (TBiL) and direct bilirubin (DBiL) levels were higher in males compared with females (both P < .05). Total bilirubin and DBiL were significantly lower in the PAD group. After adjustment for cardiovascular risk factors, PAD was independently negatively related to TBiL and DBiL, with odds ratios (OR) 0.914 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.845-0.990) and 0.748 (95% CI: 0.572-0.977). In addition, there was a relationship between PAD and bilirubin levels (TBiL-OR = 0.884, 95% CI: 0.792-0.985; DBiL-OR = 0.621; 95% CI: 0.424-0.909) only in males but not in females. Future studies should further evaluate whether interventions that increase serum bilirubin levels will have a particular role in PAD prevention in males.

2.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 1220, 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31988348

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to estimate the radiation-related secondary cancer risks in organs during the treatment of breast cancer with different radiotherapy techniques, such as three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT), intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), and volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT). The treatment plans for 26 patients with breast cancer who received whole-breast irradiation at a dose of 50 Gy included tangential field 3D-CRT with hard-wedges (W-TF), tangential field IMRT (2F-IMRT), multiple field IMRT (6F-IMRT), and double partial arcs (VMAT). Patients were divided into three groups according to the distance between the contralateral breast (CB) and the body of the sternum. Setup error was simulated by moving the isocenter, and the dose distribution was then recalculated without changing the field fluency distribution. Based on the linear-exponential, the plateau, and the full mechanistic dose-response models, the organ equivalent dose and excess absolute risk were calculated from dose-volume histograms to estimate the secondary cancer risks in organs. Compared with 3D-CRT, IMRT and VMAT showed excellent results regarding tumor conformity and homogeneity; however, the low dose volume to organs was considerably higher in 6F-IMRT and VMAT. Secondary cancer risks for 2F-IMRT were comparable or slightly lower than for W-TF, but considerably lower than for 6F-IMRT or VMAT. After setup error simulation, there was a small increase in secondary cancer risk for 2F-IMRT and an increase of 159% and 318% for 6F-IMRT and VMAT, respectively, compared with W-TF. Although these results were obtained in most patients, they did not necessarily apply to every individual. The secondary cancer risks in the CB decreased significantly in correlation with increased distance for all alternative techniques, although they were higher in VMAT and lower in 2F-IMRT regardless of the distance. After setup error simulation, the increased changes in secondary cancer risks in the CB were comparable between 2F-IMRT, 6F-IMRT, and VMAT, suggesting that the secondary cancer risks in the CB mainly depend on radiotherapy techniques and distance, although the effect of setup error cannot be ignored. In the contralateral lung (CL), the secondary cancer risks were almost independent from distance and depended mainly on radiotherapy techniques; they were rarely affected by setup error. VMAT was associated with a higher secondary cancer risk in the CL. For the ipsilateral lung (IL), the secondary cancer risks were higher than those in other organs because the IL receives high doses to achieve tumor control, and they were relatively lower in VMAT. This warrants special consideration when estimating the secondary cancer risk to the IL. The study results suggested that the optimal radiotherapy method for breast cancer should be determined on an individual basis and according to the balance between secondary cancer risks related to anatomic diversity and setup error, which can prevent blind selection of techniques.

3.
Mol Cancer ; 19(1): 14, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31973726

RESUMO

The tumour microenvironment (TME) constitutes the area surrounding the tumour during its development and has been demonstrated to play roles in cancer-related diseases through crosstalk with tumour cells. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a subpopulation of endogenous noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) that are ubiquitously expressed in eukaryotes and have multiple biological functions in the regulation of cancer onset and progression. An increasing number of studies have shown that circRNAs participate in the multifaceted biological regulation of the TME. However, details on the mechanisms involved have remained elusive until now. In this review, we analyse the effects of circRNAs on the TME from various perspectives, including immune surveillance, angiogenesis, hypoxia, matrix remodelling, exo-circRNAs and chemoradiation resistance. Currently, the enormous potential for circRNA use in targeted therapy and as noninvasive biomarkers have drawn our attention. We emphasize the prospect of targeting circRNAs as an essential strategy to regulate TME, overcome cancer resistance and improve therapeutic outcomes.

4.
Clin Chim Acta ; 502: 55-65, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31821791

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Urinary proteins could be useful as markers for the detection of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We investigated the levels of two different proteins in urine samples from NSCLC patients and assessed their diagnostic value. METHODS: Urinary plasminogen (PLG) and fibrinogen gamma chain (FGG) levels in 112 NSCLC patients and 197 controls were detected using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The expression of FGG and PLG in 20 NSCLC tissues and paired adjacent non-tumour tissues were detected through immunohistochemistry. The diagnostic value of FGG and PLG for NSCLC was evaluated through a receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). RESULTS: PLG and FGG were significantly elevated in NSCLC tissues vs paired adjacent non-tumour tissues (p = 0.000) and in urinary samples from NSCLC patients vs healthy controls (p = 0.000). The expression level of PLG in urinary samples was related only to the histological type (p = 0.001). Further, ROC curve analysis revealed that PLG, FGG, and their combination could distinguish NSCLC and its subtypes from healthy controls with an AUC ranging from 0.827 to 0. 947. By comparing urine samples with matching plasma CEA from NSCLC stage I-IV patients (n = 81) and healthy controls (n = 31), the combination of CEA with PLG or FGG showed that the AUC was 0.889 and 0.806, respectively, which is superior to a single biomarker alone. CONCLUSIONS: These two urinary proteins could serve as potential markers for the diagnosis of NSCLC.

5.
Eur Spine J ; 29(1): 129-140, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630264

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Hyaluronic acid prevents tissue adhesion after different surgeries. Physical barriers and inflammatory regulation have been suggested to be involved in the mechanism of these clinical effects. However, the molecular mechanism by which hyaluronic acid prevents epidural adhesion has not yet been reported. METHODS: In the current in vivo studies, we investigated cross-linked hyaluronic acid gel in the regulation of scar gene expression, the accumulation of fibroblasts in scar tissue, and the prevention of epidural adhesion. The effect of cross-linked hyaluronic acid gel on the secretion of inflammatory factors was observed in vitro. In addition, to ensure the accuracy and reliability of the in vivo gene expression results, we used a cell model to detect the target genes in vitro. RESULTS: The expression levels of TGFß1 and COL1A1 mRNA were decreased in the cross-linked hyaluronic acid gel-treated group, and the protein expression of levels TGFß1 and COL1A1 were also reduced, as detected by Western blotting in vitro and in vivo (P < 0.05). Histomorphometry results demonstrated that the number of fibroblasts in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group 2 weeks postoperatively. Micro-CT scans showed that the cross-linked hyaluronic acid gel could reduce adhesion in the epidural space after laminectomy. Additionally, the cross-linked hyaluronic acid gel could inhibit IL-6 secretion. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that cross-linked hyaluronic acid gel can prevent epidural adhesion by inhibiting inflammatory factors, such as IL-6, and downregulating TGFß1 and COL1A1 mRNA expression. These slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.

6.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 79: 106090, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31869774

RESUMO

Sepsis is defined as life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection. The mortality rate of in-hospital patients whose conditions are complicated by sepsis remains high in spite of intensive-care treatment, therefore placing a significant financial burden on the health care system. In recent years, progranulin (PGRN), a cysteine-rich secretory protein (CRISP), has been found to play a crucial role in sepsis. PGRN participates in the pathogenesis of sepsis via diverse pathways, including bacterial clearance, cell growth and survival, tissue repair, and the regulation of inflammation. PGRN knockout mice suffer from serious infectious processes, whereas therapeutic administration of recombinant PGRN to such mice enhances bacterial clearance and reduces organ injury and mortality rate. Even though PGRN plays an important role in regulating sepsis, its potential mechanisms have not been completely clarified. In this review, we summarize the most recent research advances in the study of PGRN and its role in sepsis.

7.
Crit Rev Microbiol ; 45(5-6): 539-547, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851854

RESUMO

Bacterial translocation is a phenomenon in which live bacteria or their products cross the intestinal barrier to other organs or the circulatory system. Gut translocation of bacteria has been reported in both animal models, and clinical trials often accompany acute pancreatitis and are believed to be linked to patient outcome, especially in severe acute pancreatitis. Therefore, the mechanisms of intestinal bacterial translocation in acute pancreatitis have become a topic of interest in recent years. This review discusses Bacterial translocation in acute pancreatitis, identifies possible mechanisms of action, and provides an overview of the methods used to detect Bacterial translocation in acute pancreatitis. This review also highlights areas that require further research.

8.
Int Angiol ; 38(6): 502-507, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31782279

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies have confirmed that the low Ankle Brachial Index (ABI) and high glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level were both risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, the association has rarely been explored between ABI and HbA1c. This study was to evaluate the independent relationship between HbA1c and low ABI. METHODS: A total of 3102 subjects (male 1539, female 1563, aged 67.72±10.69 years) were enrolled into the study from 2010 to 2018. The odds ratio (OR) and linear regression coefficient of low ABI group (defined as ABI≤0.9) and ABI value in associations with the HbA1c were modelled using multivariable logistic and linear regression analyses by adjusting for possible confounders. RESULTS: Compared with participants with normal ABI, those presenting the low ABI showed a significantly older age, smoking rate, higher level of heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP), pulse pressure (PP), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), triglyceride (TG), highly sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), HbA1c and carotid femoral pulse wave velocity (CF-PWV); and higher prevalence rate of hypertension, diabetes, coronary artery disease (CAD); and higher rate on medication of statins, diabetes drug and cardiovascular drug (all P<0.001). After multiple adjustment for age, sex, smoke, FPG, blood lipids, hs-CRP, SBP, diastolic blood pressure (DBP), PP, CF-PWV, hypertension, diabetes, CAD and medications, the OR of HbA1c for low ABI was of statistical significance (95% CI: 1.204-1.410, P<0.001). After further multivariate adjustment analysis by linear regression, with left and right ABI as dependent variables, the results showed that HbA1c was independently linearly correlated to left and right ABI (all P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: HbA1c was an independent associated factor of lower ABI and linearly correlated to ABI level independent of fasting plasma glucose and other cardiovascular factors. We should not only focus on the HbA1c in diabetes mellitus patients, but also people with lower ABI.

9.
J Hematol Oncol ; 12(1): 121, 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31757221

RESUMO

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) methylation, one of the most common RNA modifications, has been reported to execute important functions that affect normal life activities and diseases. Most studies have suggested that m6A modification can affect the complexity of cancer progression by regulating biological functions related to cancer. M6A modification of noncoding RNAs regulates the cleavage, transport, stability, and degradation of noncoding RNAs themselves. It also regulates cell proliferation and metastasis, stem cell differentiation, and homeostasis in cancer by affecting the biological function of cells. Interestingly, noncoding RNAs also play significant roles in regulating these m6A modifications. Additionally, it is becoming increasingly clear that m6A and noncoding RNAs potentially contribute to the clinical application of cancer treatment. In this review, we summarize the effect of the interactions between m6A modifications and noncoding RNAs on the biological functions involved in cancer progression. In particular, we discuss the role of m6A and noncoding RNAs as possible potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets in the treatment of cancers.

10.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 939, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699043

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Invasive candidiasis (IC) is the most common invasive fungal infection. The epidemiology of IC in hospitalized patients has been widely investigated in many metropolitan cities; however, little information from medium and small cities is known. METHODS: A 5-year retrospective study was carried out to analyze the prevalence, species distribution, antifungal susceptibility, risk factors and mortality of inpatients with invasive Candida infection in a regional tertiary teaching hospital in Southwest China. RESULTS: A total of 243 inpatients with invasive Candida infection during the five-year study period were identified, with a mean annual incidence of 0.41 cases per 1000 admissions and a 30-day mortality rate of 12.3%. The species distributions of Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, Candida tropicalis, Candida krusei, Candida parapsilosis and other Candida species was 45.3, 30.0, 15.2, 4.9, 2.1 and 2.5%, respectively. The total resistance rates of fluconazole (FCA), itraconazole (ITR) and voriconazole (VRC) were 18.6, 23.1 and 18.5%, respectively. Respiratory dysfunction, pulmonary infection, cardiovascular disease, chronic/acute renal failure, mechanical ventilation, abdominal surgery, intensive care in adults, septic shock and IC due to C. albicans were associated with 30-day mortality (P < 0.05) according to the univariate analyses. Respiratory dysfunction [odds ratio (OR), 9.80; 95% confidence interval (CI), 3.24-29.63; P < 0.001] and IC due to C. albicans (OR, 3.35; 95% CI, 1.13-9.92; P = 0.029) were the independent predictors of 30-day mortality. CONCLUSIONS: This report shows that the incidence and mortality rates are lower and that the resistance rates to azoles are higher in medium and small cities than in large cities and that the species distributions and risk factors in medium and small cities are different from those in large cities in China. It is necessary to conduct epidemiological surveillance in medium and small cities to provide reference data for the surveillance of inpatients with IC infections.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Candida/efeitos dos fármacos , Candidíase Invasiva/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Candida/isolamento & purificação , Candida/fisiologia , Candidíase Invasiva/epidemiologia , Candidíase Invasiva/mortalidade , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Masculino , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
11.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(20)2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623249

RESUMO

To improve the accuracy and robustness of hand-eye calibration, a hand-eye calibration method based on Schur matric decomposition is proposed in this paper. The accuracy of these methods strongly depends on the quality of observation data. Therefore, preprocessing observation data is essential. As with traditional two-step hand-eye calibration methods, we first solve the rotation parameters and then the translation vector can be immediately determined. A general solution was obtained from one observation through Schur matric decomposition and then the degrees of freedom were decreased from three to two. Observation data preprocessing is one of the basic unresolved problems with hand-eye calibration methods. A discriminant equation to delete outliers was deduced based on Schur matric decomposition. Finally, the basic problem of observation data preprocessing was solved using outlier detection, which significantly improved robustness. The proposed method was validated by both simulations and experiments. The results show that the prediction error of rotation and translation was 0.06 arcmin and 1.01 mm respectively, and the proposed method performed much better in outlier detection. A minimal configuration for the unique solution was proven from a new perspective.

12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(42): e17544, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626117

RESUMO

The protective role of serum total bilirubin, a widely recognized antioxidant, has been approved by numerous updating studies. However, regarding the effect of high serum total bilirubin level (STBL) in arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) are conflicting in different sources of data. We, therefore, performed this meta-analysis to evaluate the influence of STBL on risk of ASCVD.Four databases were used to identify the literature with a date of search of January, 2019. Finally, a total of 20 studies had been adopted. ASCVD was defined as acute coronary syndrome, stable angina, coronary revascularization, atherosclerotic stroke or transient ischemic attack, and peripheral arterial disease (PAD). All relevant data were collected from studies meeting the inclusion criteria.A total of 20 published studies (323,891 cases) met the inclusion criteria. The meta-analysis revealed that, in studies excluding heterogeneity, STBL was significantly positively related to in-hospital cardiovascular mortality (odds ratio [OR] 2.82, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.83-4.36, Z = 4.69, P < .001) and major adverse cardiac events (OR 1.88, 95% CI 1.414-2.491, Z = 4.36, P < .001), also negatively associated with prognosis of acute myocardial infarction, pooled hazard ratio (HR) = 0.804 (95% CI 0.700-0.923, Z = 3.08, P = .002). The correlation similarity was also reflected in terms of patients with stroke (HR 0.78, 95% CI 0.70-0.88, Z = 4.24, P = .003). Combined analysis revealed that lower STBL was significantly associated with PAD, pooled OR = 0.91 (95% CI 0.85-0.98, Z = 2.39, P = .017). In general analysis, a conclusion can be drawn, that higher STBL was significantly negative correlated with cardiovascular disease, pooled HR = 0.83 (95% CI 0.73-0.94, Z = 3.02, P = .003).Higher STBL significantly improved the prognosis of ASCVD; furthermore, STBL was an important factor in the long-term prognosis of vascular-related disease prevention and can be used as a predictor in vascular-related disease risk prediction.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/sangue , Bilirrubina/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Aterosclerose/mortalidade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fatores de Risco
13.
Int J Low Extrem Wounds ; : 1534734619868123, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31409158

RESUMO

Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) of the lower extremities is a common complication after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This study aimed to investigate the potential associations between serum lipids and the risk of DVT after TKA in patients with primary knee osteoarthritis (OA). A total of 431 patients who received TKA caused by primary knee OA were randomly enrolled. According to the results of the color Doppler ultrasound of bilateral lower extremities deep veins on the third day postoperatively, patients were divided into DVT and non-DVT groups. Comparisons of preoperative serum levels of triglycerides, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), apolipoprotein A1, and apolipoprotein B were then performed by the Student's t test, χ2 test, and multivariate logistic regression analysis. For females, DVT patients had a higher serum LDL-C level at baseline (P = .043) compared with non-DVT patients. A higher LDL-C value was significantly associated with an elevated DVT risk following TKA in female patients (P = .037). In female patients with primary knee OA, preoperative serum LDL-C level may have an association with DVT risk after TKA. The relatively small male sample size may limit the accuracy of the findings.

14.
J Immunother Cancer ; 7(1): 215, 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395078

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common forms of cancer worldwide. The tumor microenvironment plays a key role in promoting the occurrence of chemoresistance in solid cancers. Effective targets to overcome resistance are necessary to improve the survival and prognosis of CRC patients. This study aimed to evaluate the molecular mechanisms of the tumor microenvironment that might be involved in chemoresistance in patients with CRC. METHODS: We evaluated the effects of CCL20 on chemoresistance of CRC by recruitment of regulatory T cells (Tregs) in vitro and in vivo. RESULTS: We found that the level of CCL20 derived from tumor cells was significantly higher in Folfox-resistant patients than in Folfox-sensitive patients. The high level of CCL20 was closely associated with chemoresistance and poor survival in CRC patients. Among the drugs in Folfox chemotherapy, we confirmed that 5-FU increased the expression of CCL20 in CRC. Moreover, CCL20 derived from 5-FU-resistant CRC cells promoted recruitment of Tregs. Tregs further enhanced the chemoresistance of CRC cells to 5-FU. FOXO1/CEBPB/NF-κB signaling was activated in CRC cells after 5-FU treatment and was required for CCL20 upregulation mediated by 5-FU. Furthermore, CCL20 blockade suppressed tumor progression and restored 5-FU sensitivity in CRC. Lastly, the expression of these signaling molecules mediating chemoresistance was closely correlated with poor survival of CRC patients. CONCLUSIONS: CRC cell-secreted CCL20 can recruit Tregs to promote chemoresistance via FOXO1/CEBPB/NF-κB signaling, indicating that the FOXO1/CEBPB/NF-κB/CCL20 axis might provide a promising target for CRC treatment.

15.
Sci Total Environ ; 696: 134001, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31454602

RESUMO

Higher microbial diversity was frequently observed in saline than fresh waters, but the underlying mechanisms remains unknown, particularly in microbial primary producers (MPP). MPP abundance and activity are notably constrained by high salinity, but facilitated by high nutrients. It remains to be ascertained whether and how nutrients regulate the salinity constraints on MPP abundance and community structure. Here we investigated the impact of nutrients on salinity constraints on MPP abundance and diversity in undisturbed lakes with a wide salinity range on the Tibetan Plateau. MPP community was explored using quantitative PCR, terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism and sequencing of cloning libraries targeting form IC cbbL gene. The MPP community structure was sorted by salinity into freshwater (salinity<1‰), saline (1‰â€¯< salinity<29‰) and hypersaline (salinity>29‰) lakes. Furthermore, while MPP abundance, diversity and richness were significantly constrained with increasing salinity, these constraints were mitigated by enhancing total organic carbon (TOC) and total nitrogen (TN) contents in freshwater and saline lakes. In contrast, the MPP diversity increased significantly with the salinity in hypersaline lakes, due to the mitigation of enhancing TOC and TN contents and salt-tolerant MPP taxa. The mitigating effect of nutrients was more pronounced in saline than in freshwater and hypersaline lakes. The MPP compositions varied along salinity, with Betaproteobacteria dominating both the freshwater and saline lakes and Gammaproteobacteria dominating the hypersaline lakes. We concluded that high nutrients could mitigate the salinity constraining effects on MPP abundance, community richness and diversity. Our findings offer a novel insight into the salinity effects on primary producers and highlight the interactive effects of salinity and nutrients on MPP in lakes. These findings can be used as a baseline to illuminate the effects of increased anthropogenic activities altering nutrient dynamics on the global hydrological cycle and the subsequent responses thereof by MPP communities.


Assuntos
Nitrogênio/análise , Fósforo/análise , Salinidade , Poluentes da Água/análise , Biodiversidade , Lagos/química , Filogenia
16.
Int J Clin Pract ; 73(11): e13400, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31390128

RESUMO

AIMS: Carotid femoral pulse wave velocity (CF-PWV) is associated with vascular-related diseases. However, this association has rarely been compared in the same study population, which would improve our understanding of the role of these diseases in developing arteriosclerosis. This study was designed to assess arterial function in different vascular-related diseases and the potential interrelationships between these diseases and arteriosclerosis. METHODS: There were 13 798 participants with or without established vascular-related diseases, including hypertension, diabetes, coronary artery disease (CAD), stroke and peripheral artery disease (PAD), enrolled into the study from 2010 to 2016, comprising 6648 males and 7150 females. The odds ratio (OR) of arteriosclerosis (defined as CF-PWV >12 m/s) in associations with the vascular-related diseases was modelled using multivariable logistic regression analyses to adjust for possible confounders. RESULTS: Compared with participants without vascular-related diseases, those presenting the diseases showed a significantly higher prevalence and age- and sex-adjusted OR of arteriosclerosis (all P < .001). After further adjustment for hypertension, the ORs became much smaller and not significant for CAD or stroke. Compared with apparently healthy participants, participants with each of the diseases showed a significantly higher adjusted OR (range: 2.46-3.30, all P < .001); participants with each vascular-related disease only showed much smaller and non-significant ORs, except for hypertension (OR = 2.73, 95% CI: 2.46, 3.04). After further adjustment for hypertension, these ORs became non-significant (range: 0.81-1.36, all P > .05). CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: The associations between arteriosclerosis and diseases other than hypertension were largely explained by the association with hypertension, indicating that hypertension could be the single most important factor that leads to arteriosclerosis. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02569268.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/embriologia , Fluxo Pulsátil/fisiologia , Análise de Onda de Pulso/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Pequim , Doenças Cardiovasculares/enzimologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Doença das Coronárias , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
J Transl Med ; 17(1): 253, 2019 08 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387598

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Noninvasive and effective methods of early diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) are underexplored. Inflammation is known to play an important role in the tumor microenvironment of CRC. Therefore, the aim of this study was to elucidate novel inflammatory biomarkers related to early diagnosis and prognosis of CRC. METHODS: Based on the results from a multiplex assay and a pan-cancer screening of TCGA data with 18 cancer types, we identified several targeted biomarkers. We further confirmed these results using a trial cohort of 112 CRC patients and 151 controls (59 healthy donors, 52 colitis and 40 colorectal adenoma patients) by Elisa and immunohistochemistry (IHC). The biomarkers expression levels in CRC patients of different clinical stages were compared. The targeted biomarkers panel was developed using logistic regression model and was then validated using an independent cohort including 75 CRC patients and 90 controls (35 healthy donors, 20 colitis and 35 colorectal adenoma patients). Diagnostic accuracy was evaluated using area under the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve and overall survival analysis was used for prognosis. Gene ontology (GO) analyses and Gene set enrichment analyses (GSEA) were performed to predict the function of the candidate biomarkers. RESULTS: CCL20 and IL-17A were identified as candidate biomarkers using multiplex assay and pan-cancer screening of TCGA data. Elisa and IHC demonstrated that both CCL20 and IL-17A levels were highly expressed in CRC patients, more especially in patients with advanced stage disease. A signature expression of the two biomarkers showed high diagnostic accuracy of CRC. Importantly, the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity were still satisfactory in the early stage and low carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level groups. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that CCL20 and IL-17A may be involved in CRC progression. In addition, the diagnostic performance of CCL20 and IL-17A in combination was superior to that of either marker alone. CONCLUSIONS: Serum CCL20 and IL-17A levels were identified as independent prognostic markers for CRC. The CCL20-IL-17A panel exhibited a good performance in the diagnosis of early stage CRC.

18.
Int J Hypertens ; 2019: 7457385, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31341663

RESUMO

Aim. The association of pressure load with elasticity in vascular system has not been studied fully. We proposed a hypothesis whether gender could modify the association of blood pressure variability (BPV) and arterial stiffness assessed by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (CF-PWV) in prehypertensive patients. Methods. 24h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (24h-ABPM) and CF-PWV were measured in 723 participants with prehypertension. Univariate and multivariate regression analyses of these clinical and biological parameters were performed in total population, male and female. Results. A total of 723 participants (mean age 59.76 ± 12.37years, male 329 and female 394) were enrolled into the study. Compared with female, body mass index (BMI), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), uric acid (UA), and homocysteine (HCY) were significantly higher (all p < 0.05). Arterial stiffness (CF-PWV, male versus female, 10.89 ± 2.50 versus 10.33 ± 2.13 m/s, p=0.004) and BPVs (male versus female, 24 h SBPV 13.2 ± 5.11 versus 13.03 ± 5.20; 24 h DBPV 10.34 ± 3.87 versus 9.64 ± 3.59; N SBPV 11.90 ± 6.60 versus 10.94 ± 4.79; N DBPV 9.64 ± 5.87 versus 8.20 ± 4.48, all p<0.05) were higher in male. Multivariable linear regression analysis showed that 24 h BPV were linearly and positively related to CF-PWV in total population (24h SBPV, B=0.033; 24 h DBPV, B=0.035, both P<0.05) and female (24h SBPV, B=0.041; 24h DBPV, B=0.067, both P<0.05) independent of traditional risk factors and medications. Conclusion. BPV was independently associated with arterial stiffness in total population and the relation was modified by gender. 24 h BPVs in prehypertensive patients were useful to identify the early arterial stiffness. Clinical Trials Registration. This trial was registered with Clinical Trials.gov Identifier: NCT02569268.

19.
J Cancer ; 10(13): 2885-2891, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31281465

RESUMO

A new star, circular RNA (circRNA), is a class of noncoding RNA with a stable cyclic structure. Exonic circRNA mainly exists in the eukaryotic cytoplasm. Intronic circRNAs (ciRNA) and exonic circRNAs with introns (EIciRNA) are found in the nucleus. Recent evidences showed the functional diversity of circRNAs, which could be microRNA (miRNA) sponges, interact with protein or translate into small peptide. Due to the change of human eating habits, digestive cancer remains one of the most common cancers worldwide and it is prone to metastasis. Increasing studies have found a number of circRNAs using RNA sequencing technology and displayed double roles of circRNA in digestive cancer. In this review, we surveyed the biogenesis and regulation of circRNAs, discussed circRNA functions and clinical applications (especially circRNAs in exosome) in digestive cancers, which implied that circRNAs could be as potential biomarkers in diagnosis and treatment of digestive cancers in the future.

20.
Mol Cancer ; 18(1): 116, 2019 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277663

RESUMO

Exosomes have emerged as critical mediators of intercellular communication, both locally and systemically, by regulating a diverse range of biological processes between cells. Circular RNA (circRNA) is a novel member of endogenous noncoding RNAs with widespread distribution and diverse cellular functions. Recently, circular RNAs have been identified for their enrichment and stability in exosomes. In this review, we outline the origin, biogenesis and function of exosomal circRNAs as well as their roles in various diseases. Although their precise roles and mechanisms of gene regulation remain largely elusive, exosomal circRNAs have potential applications as disease biomarkers and novel therapeutic targets.

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