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1.
Molecules ; 26(19)2021 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641382

RESUMO

Protein glycation is an important protein post-translational modification and is one of the main pathogenesis of diabetic angiopathy. Other than glycated hemoglobin, the protein glycation of other globins such as myoglobin (Mb) is less studied. The protein glycation of human Mb with ribose has not been reported, and the glycation sites in the Mb remain unknown. This article reports that d-ribose undergoes rapid protein glycation of human myoglobin (HMb) at lysine residues (K34, K87, K56, and K147) on the protein surface, as identified by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS) and electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS). Moreover, glycation by d-ribose at these sites slightly decreased the rate of the met heme (FeIII) in reaction with H2O2 to form a ferryl heme (FeIV=O). This study provides valuable insight into the protein glycation by d-ribose and provides a foundation for studying the structure and function of glycated heme proteins.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34590413

RESUMO

Purposefully designing the well-defined catalysts for the selective electroreduction of CO2 to C2H4 is an extremely important but challenging work. In this work, three crystalline trinuclear copper clusters (Cu3-X, X= Cl-, Br-, NO3-) have been designed, containing three active Cu sites with the identical coordination environment and appropriate spatial distance, delivering high selectivity for the electrocatalytic reduction of CO2 to C2H4. The highest faradaic efficiency of Cu3-X for CO2-to-C2H4 conversion can be adjusted from 31.90% to 55.01% by simply replacing the counter anions (NO3-, Cl-, Br-). The DFT calculation results verify that Cu3-X can facilitate the C-C coupling of identical *CHO intermediates, subsequently forming molecular symmetrical C2H4 product. This work provides an important molecular model system and a new design perspective for electroreduction of CO2 to C2 products with symmetrical molecular structure.

3.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 105(19): 7411-7425, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491401

RESUMO

Rhodosporidium toruloides is an oleaginous yeast capable of producing a variety of biofuels and bioproducts from diverse carbon sources. Despite numerous studies showing its promise as a platform microorganism, little is known about its metabolism and physiology. In this work, we investigated the central carbon metabolism in R. toruloides IFO0880 using transcriptomics and metabolomics during growth on glucose, xylose, acetate, or soybean oil. These substrates were chosen because they can be derived from plants. Significant changes in gene expression and metabolite concentrations were observed during growth on these four substrates. We mapped these changes onto the governing metabolic pathways to better understand how R. toruloides reprograms its metabolism to enable growth on these substrates. One notable finding concerns xylose metabolism, where poor expression of xylulokinase induces a bypass leading to arabitol production. Collectively, these results further our understanding of central carbon metabolism in R. toruloides during growth on different substrates. They may also help guide the metabolic engineering and development of better models of metabolism for R. toruloides.Key points• Gene expression and metabolite concentrations were significantly changed.• Reduced expression of xylulokinase induces a bypass leading to arabitol production.• R. toruloides reprograms its metabolism to allow growth on different substrates.


Assuntos
Carbono , Transcriptoma , Metabolômica , Rhodotorula
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505945

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Obtaining tumour-free margins is critical for avoiding re-excision and reducing local recurrence following breast-conserving surgery; however, it remains challenging. Imaging-guided surgery provides precise detection of residual lesions and assists surgical resection. Herein, we described water-soluble melanin nanoparticles (MNPs) conjugated with cyclic Arg-Gly-Asp (cRGD) peptides for breast cancer photoacoustic imaging (PAI) and surgical navigation. METHODS: The cRGD-MNPs were synthesised and characterized for morphology, photoacoustic characteristics and stability. Tumour targeting and toxicity of cRGD-MNPs were determined by using either breast cancer cells, MDA-MB-231 tumour-bearing mice or the FVB/N-Tg (MMTV-PyVT) 634Mul/J mice model. PAI was used to locate the tumour and guide surgical resection in MDA-MB-231 tumour-bearing mice. RESULTS: The cRGD-MNPs exhibited excellent in vitro and in vivo tumour targeting with low toxicity. Intravenous administration of cRGD-MNPs to MDA-MB-231 tumour-bearing mice showed an approximately 2.1-fold enhancement in photoacoustic (PA) intensity at 2 h, and the ratio of the PA intensity at the tumour site to that in the surrounding normal tissue was 3.2 ± 0.1, which was higher than that using MNPs (1.7 ± 0.3). Similarly, the PA signal in the spontaneous breast cancer increased ~ 2.5-fold at 2 h post-injection of cRGD-MNPs in MMTV-PyVT transgenic mice. Preoperative PAI assessed tumour volume and offered three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction images for accurate surgical planning. Surgical resection following real-time PAI showed high consistency with histopathological analysis. CONCLUSION: These results highlight that cRGD-MNP-mediated PAI provide a powerful tool for breast cancer imaging and precise tumour resection. cRGD-MNPs with fine PA properties have great potential for clinical translation.

6.
Eur J Clin Pharmacol ; 2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34342716

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Several population pharmacokinetics (popPK) models for polymyxin B have been constructed to optimize therapeutic regimens. However, their predictive performance remains unclear when extrapolated to different clinical centers. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the predictive ability of polymyxin B popPK models. METHODS: A literature search was conducted, and the predictive performance was determined for each selected model using an independent dataset of 20 patients (92 concentrations) from the Third Xiangya Hospital. Prediction- and simulation-based diagnostics were used to evaluate model predictability. The influence of prior information was assessed using Bayesian forecasting. RESULTS: Eight published studies were evaluated. In prediction-based diagnostics, the prediction error within ± 30% was over 50% in two models. In simulation-based diagnostics, the prediction- and variability-corrected visual predictive check (pvcVPC) showed satisfactory predictivity in three models, while the normalized prediction distribution error (NPDE) tests indicated model misspecification in all models. Bayesian forecasting demonstrated a substantially improvement in the model predictability even with one prior observation. CONCLUSION: Not all published models were satisfactory in prediction- and simulation-based diagnostics; however, Bayesian forecasting improved the predictability considerably with priors, which can be applied to guide polymyxin B dosing recommendations and adjustments for clinicians.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34354001

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) are commonly used in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Whether PNS can protect myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury by regulating FOXO3a/HIF-1α cell signaling pathway remains unclear. The purpose of this study is to investigate the protective effect of PNS on H9c2 cardiomyocytes through FOXO3a/HIF-1α cell signaling pathway. Establishment of hypoxia-reoxygenation model of H9c2 cells, after PNS, HIF-1α inhibitor 2-methoxyestradiol (2ME2), and PI3K/Akt pathway inhibitor LY294002 intervention, the cell viability, autophagy, and cell apoptosis were determined. Cell proliferation, LDH and MDA were used to evaluate the degree of cell injury. The level of ROS was detected with fluorescence microscope. The apoptosis rate was detected by flow cytometry. The expression of autophagy related proteins and apoptosis related proteins were detected by western blot assay.PNS could reduce H9c2 hypoxia reoxygenation injury by promoting autophagy and inhibiting apoptosis through HIF-1α/FOXO3a cell signaling pathway. Furthermore, the protective effects of PNS were abolished by HIF-1α inhibitor 2ME2 and PI3K/Akt inhibitor LY294002.PNS could reduce H9c2 hypoxia-reoxygenation injury by promoting autophagy and inhibiting apoptosis through HIF-1α/FOXO3a cell signaling pathway.

8.
J Biotechnol ; 340: 30-38, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34450187

RESUMO

2'-Fucosyllactose (2'-FL), a major oligosaccharide of human breast milk, and is currently supplemented into infant formula. For the overproduction of 2'-FL via fucosylation of lactose, conventional approaches have focused on the episomal overexpression of de novo or salvage GDP-L-fucose biosynthetic pathway and α-1,2-fucosyltransferase (FucT2) through T7 RNA polymerase expression system in engineered E. coli. However, these approaches have drawbacks of metabolic burden, plasmid instability, and inclusion body formation. In this study, a deletion mutant of waaF coding for ADP-heptose:LPS heptosyltransferase II was employed for 2'-FL production. As the waaF deletion induces accumulation of colanic acid, additional deletion of wcaJ coding for UDP-glucose-1-phosphate transferase in the waaF deletion mutant resulted in enhanced accumulation of GDP-L-fucose. Besides, 2'-FL yields and titers were drastically improved when T7 promoter was replaced with Trc promoter for α-1,2 fucosyltransferase expressions in the waaF and wcaJ deleted strain. As a result, when FucT2 was expressed under Trc promoter in the E. coli JM109(DE3) ΔwaaFΔwcaJ, 14.7 g/L of 2'-FL was produced with a productivity of 0.31 g/L/h in a fed-batch fermentation. We envision that the deletion-based metabolic design and decreased promoter strength for fucosyltransferase expression can resolve the drawbacks of T7 RNA polymerase-based expression design for 2'-FL production in E. coli.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli , Fucosiltransferases , Escherichia coli/genética , Fucosiltransferases/genética , Guanosina Difosfato Fucose , Humanos , Trissacarídeos
9.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 19(1): 249, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34412639

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Discovery of early-stage biomarkers is a long-sought goal of Alzheimer's disease (AD) diagnosis. Age is the greatest risk factor for most AD and accumulating evidence suggests that age-dependent elevation of asparaginyl endopeptidase (AEP) in the brain may represent a new biological marker for predicting AD. However, this speculation remains to be explored with an appropriate assay method because mammalian AEP exists in many organs and the level of AEP in body fluid isn't proportional to its concentration in brain parenchyma. To this end, we here modified gold nanoparticle (AuNPs) into an AEP-responsive imaging probe and choose transgenic APPswe/PS1dE9 (APP/PS1) mice as an animal model of AD. Our aim is to determine whether imaging of brain AEP can be used to predict AD pathology. RESULTS: This AEP-responsive imaging probe AuNPs-Cy5.5-A&C consisted of two particles, AuNPs-Cy5.5-AK and AuNPs-Cy5.5-CABT, which were respectively modified with Ala-Ala-Asn-Cys-Lys (AK) and 2-cyano-6-aminobenzothiazole (CABT). We showed that AuNPs-Cy5.5-A&C could be selectively activated by AEP to aggregate and emit strong fluorescence. Moreover, AuNPs-Cy5.5-A&C displayed a general applicability in various cell lines and its florescence intensity correlated well with AEP activity in these cells. In the brain of APP/PS1 transgenic mice , AEP activity was increased at an early disease stage of AD that precedes formation of senile plaques and cognitive impairment. Pharmacological inhibition of AEP with δ-secretase inhibitor 11 (10 mg kg-1, p.o.) reduced production of ß-amyloid (Aß) and ameliorated memory loss. Therefore, elevation of AEP is an early sign of AD onset. Finally, we showed that live animal imaging with this AEP-responsive probe could monitor the up-regulated AEP in the brain of APP/PS1 mice. CONCLUSIONS: The current work provided a proof of concept that assessment of brain AEP activity by in vivo imaging assay is a potential biomarker for early diagnosis of AD.

11.
Microb Cell Fact ; 20(1): 160, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34407819

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Saccharomyces cerevisiae var. boulardii is a representative probiotic yeast that has been widely used in the food and pharmaceutical industries. However, S. boulardii has not been studied as a microbial cell factory for producing useful substances. Agarose, a major component of red macroalgae, can be depolymerized into neoagarooligosaccharides (NAOSs) by an endo-type ß-agarase. NAOSs, including neoagarotetraose (NeoDP4), are known to be health-benefiting substances owing to their prebiotic effect. Thus, NAOS production in the gut is required. In this study, the probiotic yeast S. boulardii was engineered to produce NAOSs by expressing an endo-type ß-agarase, BpGH16A, derived from a human gut bacterium Bacteroides plebeius. RESULTS: In total, four different signal peptides were compared in S. boulardii for protein (BpGH16A) secretion for the first time. The SED1 signal peptide derived from Saccharomyces cerevisiae was selected as optimal for extracellular production of NeoDP4 from agarose. Expression of BpGH16A was performed in two ways using the plasmid vector system and the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR)-Cas9 system. The production of NeoDP4 by engineered S. boulardii was verified and quantified. NeoDP4 was produced by S. boulardii engineered using the plasmid vector system and CRISPR-Cas9 at 1.86 and 0.80 g/L in a 72-h fermentation, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report on NAOS production using the probiotic yeast S. boulardii. Our results suggest that S. boulardii can be considered a microbial cell factory to produce health-beneficial substances in the human gut.

12.
Andrologia ; : e14223, 2021 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34423461

RESUMO

The objective of the present experiment was to explore the role of NLRP3 inflammasome in the testicular tissue freezing, thawing and grafting; furthermore, the potential effect of a NLRP3 inhibitor on the function of testis transplant was explored. Tissues from male Wistar rats in pre-pubertal age were cryopreserved, thawed and auto-transplanted into the scrotum treated or not treated with the MCC950 (a NLRP3 inhibitor). After grafting, cryopreserved tissue was removed and analysed. Quantitative morphometric, immunohistochemical techniques and Western blotting were used to evaluate the survival of spermatogonia and the activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome after freezing/thawing/grafting. Moreover, serum IL-1ß level was assessed with ELISA kits. The testicular transplants exhibited upregulated expression of the NLRP3 pathway meditors (NLRP3, IL-1ß). In NLRP3 inhibition group, the rate of recovered grafts, the percentage of intact tubules and spermatogonial number were significantly higher than that in cryopreserved graft group. Moreover, serum concentration of IL-1ß in NLRP3 inhibition group was significantly lower than that in cryopreserved graft group. Testicular tissue cryopreservation and transplantation exhibited upregulated expression of NLRP3 pathway and NLRP3 inflammasome blockade improves testicular graft function. These finding suggest that NLRP3 inflammasome is a therapeutic target for testicular tissue cryopreservation and transplantation.

13.
Andrologia ; 53(10): e14191, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34278587

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to do a study of cryoinjury and ischaemic injury on testicular graft during cryopreservation and transplantation. According to time at 1, 3, 7 and 14 days after transplantation, the grafts were collected for immunohistochemistry assay for CD34 (blood vessel marker), VEGF (neoangiogenesis marker), caspase-3 (apoptosis marker) MAGE-A4 (germ cell marker). A significant increase was observed in the density of VEGF-positive blood vessels on day 3, reached a peak on day 7. On post-transplant day 3, a sharp increase occurred in the rate of spermatogonia-expressing caspase-3 until the day 7. At 14th day after transplantation, the spermatogonia number per round tubule of nonfrozen grafts was 41 ± 5.9% from that of fresh control tissues, while, in frozen-thawed grafts, the spermatogonia number per round tubule was 36.8 ± 4.6% from that of fresh control tissues. In testicular grafts, angiogenesis initiated reperfusion from day 3, and the formation of new blood vessel generally is completed about 7 days after transplantation. Angiogenesis in grafts after transplantation plays a crucial role in the restoration of function. Therefore, minimising ischaemic injury as well as improvement of cryopreservation protocols are needed to improve testicular graft after freezing, thawing and grafting.


Assuntos
Criopreservação , Testículo , Humanos , Masculino , Espermatogônias
14.
Appl Environ Microbiol ; 87(17): e0048121, 2021 08 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34132586

RESUMO

Squalene is a triterpenoid serving as an ingredient of various products in the food, cosmetic, pharmaceutical industries. The oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica offers enormous potential as a microbial chassis for the production of terpenoids, such as carotenoid, limonene, linalool, and farnesene, as the yeast provides ample storage space for hydrophobic products. Here, we present a metabolic design that allows the enhanced accumulation of squalene in Y. lipolytica. First, we improved squalene accumulation in Y. lipolytica by overexpressing the genes (ERG and HMG) coding for the mevalonate pathway enzymes. Second, we increased the production of lipid where squalene is accumulated by overexpressing DGA1 (encoding diacylglycerol acyltransferase) and deleting PEX10 (for peroxisomal membrane E3 ubiquitin ligase). Third, we deleted URE2 (coding for a transcriptional regulator in charge of nitrogen catabolite repression [NCR]) to induce lipid accumulation regardless of the carbon-to-nitrogen ratio in culture media. The resulting engineered Y. lipolytica exhibited a 115-fold higher squalene content (22.0 mg/g dry cell weight) than the parental strain. These results suggest that the biological function of Ure2p in Y. lipolytica is similar to that in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and its deletion can be utilized to enhance the production of hydrophobic target products in oleaginous yeast strains. IMPORTANCE This study demonstrated a novel strategy for increasing squalene production in Y. lipolytica. URE2, a bifunctional protein that is involved in both nitrogen catabolite repression and oxidative stress response, was identified and demonstrated correlation to squalene production. The data suggest that double deletion of PEX10 and URE2 can serve as a positive synergistic effect to help yeast cells in boosting squalene production. This discovery can be combined with other strategies to engineer cell factories to efficiently produce terpenoid in the future.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Esqualeno/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Yarrowia/genética , Yarrowia/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Deleção de Genes , Engenharia Metabólica , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Yarrowia/enzimologia
15.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(14): 6746-6759, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34132026

RESUMO

Fibrosis serves a critical role in driving atrial remodelling-mediated atrial fibrillation (AF). Abnormal levels of the transcription factor PU.1, a key regulator of fibrosis, are associated with cardiac injury and dysfunction following acute viral myocarditis. However, the role of PU.1 in atrial fibrosis and vulnerability to AF remain unclear. Here, an in vivo atrial fibrosis model was developed by the continuous infusion of C57 mice with subcutaneous Ang-II, while the in vitro model comprised atrial fibroblasts that were isolated and cultured. The expression of PU.1 was significantly up-regulated in the Ang-II-induced group compared with the sham/control group in vivo and in vitro. Moreover, protein expression along the TGF-ß1/Smads pathway and the proliferation and differentiation of atrial fibroblasts induced by Ang-II were significantly higher in the Ang-II-induced group than in the sham/control group. These effects were attenuated by exposure to DB1976, a PU.1 inhibitor, both in vivo and in vitro. Importantly, in vitro treatment with small interfering RNA against Smad3 (key protein of TGF-ß1/Smads signalling pathway) diminished these Ang-II-mediated effects, and the si-Smad3-mediated effects were, in turn, antagonized by the addition of a PU.1-overexpression adenoviral vector. Finally, PU.1 inhibition reduced the atrial fibrosis induced by Ang-II and attenuated vulnerability to AF, at least in part through the TGF-ß1/Smads pathway. Overall, the study implicates PU.1 as a potential therapeutic target to inhibit Ang-II-induced atrial fibrosis and vulnerability to AF.

17.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(15): 1780-1788, 2021 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34133356

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: In recent years, immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have made breakthroughs in the field of lung cancer and have become a focal point for research. Programmed death-1 (PD-1) or programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitor monotherapy was the first to break the treatment pattern for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, owing to the limited benefit of ICI monotherapy at the population level and its hyper-progressive phenomenon, it may not meet clinical needs. To expand the beneficial range of immunotherapy and improve its efficacy, several research strategies have adopted the use of combination immunotherapy. At present, multiple strategies, such as PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors combined with chemotherapy, anti-angiogenic therapy, cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 inhibitors, and radiotherapy, as well as combined treatment with new target drugs, have been evaluated for clinical practice. To further understand the current status and future development direction of immunotherapy, herein, we review the recent progress of ICI combination therapies for NSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Antígeno B7-H1 , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Combinação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico
18.
J Biotechnol ; 335: 39-46, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34090947

RESUMO

The green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii serves as a model organism for plant and photosynthesis research due to many commonalities in metabolism and to the fast growth rate of C. reinhardtii which accelerates experimental turnaround time. In addition, C. reinhardtii is a focus of research efforts in metabolic engineering and synthetic biology for the potential production of biofuels and value-added chemicals. Here, we report that the C. reinhardtii cia5 mutant, which lacks a functional carbon-concentrating mechanism (CCM), can produce substantial amounts of glycolate, a high-value cosmetic ingredient, when the mutant is cultured under ambient air conditions. In order to reveal the metabolic basis of glycolate accumulation by the cia5 mutant, we investigated the metabolomes of the cia5 mutant and a wild type strain CC-125 (WT) through the global metabolic profiling of intracellular and extracellular fractions using gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. We observed the intracellular and extracellular metabolic profiles of the WT and the cia5 mutant were similar during the mixotrophic phase at 30 h. However, when the cells entered the photoautotrophic phase (i.e., 96 h and 120 h), both the intracellular and extracellular metabolic profiles of cia5 mutant differed significantly when compared to WT. In the cia5 mutant strain, a group of photorespiration pathway intermediates including glycolate, glyoxylate, glycine, and serine accumulated to significantly higher levels compared to WT. In the photorespiration pathway, glycolate is metabolized to glyoxylate and glycine leading to NH3 and CO2 generation during the mitochondrial conversion of glycine to serine. This result provides further evidence that the CIA5 mutation increased the photorespiration rate. Because the cia5 mutant lacks a CCM, and C. reinhardtii might harbor an inefficient or incomplete photorespiration pathway, glycolate may accumulate when the CCM is not functional. We envision that investigating photorespiration controls in C. reinhardtii provides tools for producers to use the cia5 mutant to produce glycolate as well as platform to engineer alternative pathways for glycolate metabolism.


Assuntos
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii , Carbono , Dióxido de Carbono , Chlamydomonas reinhardtii/genética , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Glicolatos , Fotossíntese/genética
19.
Echocardiography ; 38(8): 1228-1234, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34075626

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Congenital atrial appendage aneurysm (AAA) is a rare malformation which can coexist with potentially lethal complications. We aimed to summary echocardiographic characteristics and prognosis of fetal AAA. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the echocardiographic data of 17 fetuses with AAA,and their outcomes or pathological reports were also collected. RESULTS: Eight fetuses with left AAA (LAAA) and 9 fetuses with right AAA (RAAA) were identified. Five fetuses were diagnosed with other cardiac defects. Two fetuses with RAAA presented with arrhythmias, including atrial premature beats (n = 1) and bradyarrhythmia (n = 1). LAAA could be detected by four-chamber view (50.0%) and short-axis view (100.0%). RAAA could be detected by four-chamber view (100.0%), and view of right ventricular inflow tract (33.3%). There were three cases with mild pericardial effusion. Three cases with complex cardiac defects were selectively terminated, with confirmation of LAAA by autopsy in one case. Fourteen fetuses were born. After following 2 (range, 1-5) years, the AAA disappeared in one case with LAAA and two cases with RAAA. While, 11 cases were still diagnosed with AAA. Atrial premature beats with RAAA, which appeared in prenatal period, still persisted after birth. CONCLUSION: Congenital AAA is a rare abnormality in utero. The short-axis view and the four-chamber view were the most useful views to detect fetal AAA. Fetal AAA may disappear in childhood. Atrial tachyarrhythmias in utero may exist persistently after birth. Patients with AAA should be followed up closely and appropriate intervention should be taken when complications appeared.


Assuntos
Apêndice Atrial , Aneurisma Cardíaco , Cardiopatias Congênitas , Apêndice Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Coração Fetal , Feto , Aneurisma Cardíaco/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal
20.
Cell Metab ; 33(7): 1372-1388.e7, 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34146477

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)-related hepatocellular carcinoma and liver disorders have become the leading causes for the need of liver transplantation in developed countries. Lipotoxicity plays a central role in NASH progression by causing endoplasmic reticulum stress and disrupting protein homeostasis. To identify key molecules that mitigate the detrimental consequences of lipotoxicity, we performed integrative multiomics analysis and identified the E3 ligase tripartite motif 16 (TRIM16) as a candidate molecule. In particular, we found that lipid accumulation and inflammation in a mouse NASH model is mitigated by TRIM16 overexpression but aggravated by its depletion. Multiomics analysis showed that TRIM16 suppressed NASH progression by attenuating the activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway; specifically, by preferentially interacting with phospho-TAK1 to promote its degradation. Together, these results identify TRIM16 as a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of NASH.

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