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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 607(Pt 2): 1269-1279, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34571311

RESUMO

The combination of layered nanorod arrays with unique core-shell structure and transition metal layered double hydroxide (LDH) is considered as a feasible solution to improve the electrochemical performances of capacitor electrode. In this study, layered ZnNiFe-LDH@Cu(OH)2/CF core-shell nanorod arrays, which consist of ultrathin ZnNiFe-LDHs nanosheet shells and ordered Cu(OH)2 nanorod inner cores, are successfully designed and fabricated by a typical hydrothermal way and a simple in situ oxidation reaction. The electrode prepared using ZnNiFe-LDH@Cu(OH)2/CF nanomaterial reveals an remarkable area capacitance of 6100 mF cm-2 at 3 mA cm-2 current density, which is excellently superior than those of ZnFe-LDH@Cu(OH)2/CF, NiFe-LDH@Cu(OH)2/CF, Cu(OH)2/CF and CF. Additionally, the capacitance retention remains as high as 83.4% after 5000 cycles and a very small Rs (0.567 Ω) can be observed. In addition, an asymmetric supercapacitor device is successfully fabricated employing ZnNiFe-LDH@Cu(OH)2/CF. Meanwhile, the ZnNiFe-LDH@Cu(OH)2/CF//AC device can achieve an energy density of 44 Wh kg-1 and a corresponding power density of 720 W kg-1 and possess the capability to light up a multi-function monitor for 33 min just using two ASC equipments connected in series. Therefore, the prepared ZnNiFe-LDH@Cu(OH)2/CF composite materials with unique structure has great application potential in energy storage devices.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 802: 149813, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34461469

RESUMO

In China, excessive application of nitrogen (N) fertilizer is common in intensive apple production. To resolve issues of benefit reduction and environmental pollution caused by excessive N, a two-year trial was conducted in an apple orchard with a split-plot design, in which the main factor was the N level (500, 400, 300, and 200 kg N ha-1 year-1, expressed as TN, TN80%, TN60%, and TN40%, respectively) and the deputy factor was whether or not to add 3,4-dimethylpyrazole phosphate (DMPP, expressed as +D). The effects of N reduction combined with DMPP on soil N transformation, fruit quality, economic benefits, and environmental effects were investigated. The results showed that DMPP reduced the production of nitrate and its vertical migration by inhibiting the abundance of AOB amoA and decreased N2O emission by reducing nirKC1 levels. Moreover, N reduction combined with DMPP improved N use efficiency (26.67-49.35%) and reduced N loss rate (15.25-38.76%). Compared with TN, TN60% + D increased the content of anthocyanin and soluble sugar by 21.15% and 13.09%, respectively, and decreased environmental costs caused by NH3 volatilization and N2O emission by 33.84%, while maintaining yield and N utilization rate at relatively high levels. Considering the agronomic, economic and environmental benefits, on the basis of traditional N application rate, 40% N reduction combined with DMPP (TN60% + D) could ensure target yield, corresponding quality and economic benefits, maintain soil N fertility, and reduce the risk of N losses to the environment. The present research could provide references for green, efficient, and sustainable development of apple production.


Assuntos
Fertilizantes , Malus , Agricultura , China , Iodeto de Dimetilfenilpiperazina , Fertilizantes/análise , Frutas/química , Nitrogênio/análise , Solo
3.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 266: 120458, 2022 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619508

RESUMO

Near-infrared (NIR) photothermal therapy is an effective partner to the chemotherapy of tumors with the merits of high therapeutic ability and slight side effect on normal tissues. Herein, we synthesized gold nanorods and assembled them with L-cysteine reduced graphene oxide (AuNR@Lcyst-rGO) for efficient photothermal therapy. The high therapeutic efficacy of AuNR@Lcyst-rGO can be due to the high photothermal effect of gold nanorods and reduced graphene oxide, and the synergistic effect of them. The nontoxicity of L-cysteine also guarantees the comfortable biocompatibility of reduced graphene oxide, which is essential for the photothermal absorber used in human tissue. The results demonstrate that assembly of gold nanorods with reduced graphene oxide (AuNR@Lcyst-rGO) is a promising photothermal agent with high efficient NIR-triggered photothermal therapy efficiency, excellent stability, superior biocompatibility.


Assuntos
Grafite , Nanotubos , Neoplasias , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cisteína , Ouro , Humanos , Neoplasias/terapia , Fototerapia , Terapia Fototérmica
4.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1188: 339203, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794580

RESUMO

The specific detection of resorcin from its isomers is a current research hotspot. Thus in our work, a ternary hierarchical porous nanoprobe has been constructed based on the combination of cuttlefish ink and bimetallic Au@Ag nanoclusters for the specific sensing of resorcin. Briefly, through electrostatic interaction, Au@Ag core-shell nanoclusters are immobilized on the surface of polydopamine extracted from cuttlefish, which is turned into nitrogen-doped porous carbon functionalized by bimetallic Au@Ag by topological transformation subsequently. Afterward, an electrochemical sensor is fabricated based on the nanoprobes for specifically determining resorcin in solution by differential pulse voltammetry, and the linear detection ranges of the sensor are 1-100 µM and 1.2-4 mM while the detection limit reaches 0.06 µM. Meanwhile, the sensing mechanism of resorcin by the pre-fabricated sensor is detailedly studied by density functional theory to obtain a clear electrochemical process. Besides, the selectivity, stability, plus reproducibility of the pre-fabricated sensor have been also tested, and the determinations for resorcin in real environmental water samples have also been performed with good recoveries, revealing the auspicious application potential in the environmental monitoring.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Decapodiformes , Limite de Detecção , Porosidade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resorcinóis
5.
ACS Sens ; 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779610

RESUMO

The input-output function of neural networks is complicated due to the huge number of neurons and synapses, and some high-density implantable electrophysiology recording tools with a plane structure have been developed for neural circuit studies in recent years. However, traditional plane probes are limited by the record-only function and inability to monitor multiple-brain regions simultaneously, and the complete cognition of neural networks still has a long way away. Herein, we develop a three-dimensional (3D) high-density drivable optrode array for multiple-brain recording and precise optical stimulation simultaneously. The optrode array contains four-layer probes with 1024 microelectrodes and two thinned optical fibers assembled into a 3D-printed drivable module. The recording performance of microelectrodes is optimized by electrochemical modification, and precise implantation depth control of drivable optrodes is verified in agar. Moreover, in vivo experiments indicate neural activities from CA1 and dentate gyrus regions are monitored, and a tracking of the neuron firing for 2 weeks is achieved. The suppression of neuron firing by blue light has been realized through high-density optrodes during optogenetics experiments. With the feature of large-scale recording, optoelectronic integration, and 3D assembly, the high-density drivable optrode array possesses an important value in the research of brain diseases and neural networks.

6.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(43): 51333-51342, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34696589

RESUMO

High aspect ratio two-dimensional Ti3C2Tx MXene flakes with extraordinary mechanical, electrical, and thermal properties are ideal candidates for assembling elastic and conductive aerogels. However, the scalable fabrication of large MXene-based aerogels remains a challenge because the traditional preparation method relies on supercritical drying techniques such as freeze drying, resulting in poor scalability and high cost. Herein, the use of porous melamine foam as a robust template for MXene/reduced graphene oxide aerogel circumvents the volume shrinkage during its natural drying process. Through this approach, we were able to produce large size (up to 600 cm3) MXene-based aerogel with controllable shape. In addition, the aerogels possess an interconnected cellular structure and display resilience up to 70% of compressive strain. Some key features also include high solvent absorption capacity (∼50-90 g g-1), good photothermal conversion ability (an average evaporation rate of 1.48 kg m-2 h-1 for steam generation), and an excellent electrothermal conversion rate (1.8 kg m-2 h-1 at 1 V). More importantly, this passive drying process provides a scalable, convenient, and cost-effective approach to produce high-performance MXene-based aerogels, demonstrating the feasibility of commercial production of MXene-based aerogels toward practical applications.

7.
Chemistry ; 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648217

RESUMO

The excellent electrical conductivity of graphene is due to its highly-conjugated structures. Manipulation of the electronic and mechanical properties of graphene can be achieved by controlling the destruction of its in-sheet conjugation system. Herein, we report the preparation of CoCeSx -SA@BPMW@RGO through π-π stacking interactions at the molecular level. In this study, sodium alginate was reacted with Co2+ and Ce3+ , and the composite was loaded onto a graphene surface. The graphene sheets were prepared using a bi-pyrene terminated molecular wire (BPMW) to avoid re-stacking of the grapheme sheets, thereby forming nanoscale spaces between sheets. The angle between the BPMW coplanar pyrene group and the phenyl group was 33.2°, and the graphene layer is supported in an oblique direction. Finally, a three-dimensional porous composite was obtained after annealing and vulcanization. The obtained CoCeSx -SA@BPMW@RGO exhibited excellent electrical conductivity and remarkable cycle stability. When the current density was 1 A g-1 , its specific capacitance was as high as 1004 F g-1 . BPMW modifies graphene through the synergistic effect of π-π stacking interaction and special structure to obtain excellent electrochemical performance. Moreover, a solid-state asymmetric supercapacitor device was fabricated based on the synthesized CoCeSx -SA@BPMW@RGO hybrid, which exhibited a power density of 979 W kg-1 at an energy density of 23.96 Wh kg-1 .

8.
ACS Sens ; 6(9): 3445-3450, 2021 09 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505501

RESUMO

Accurate single virus detection is critical for disease diagnosis and early prevention, especially in view of current pandemics. Numerous detection methods have been proposed with the single virus sensitivity, including the optical approaches and immunoassays. However, few of them hitherto have the capability of both trapping and detection of single viruses in the microchannel. Here, we report an optofluidic potential well array to trap nanoparticles stably in the flow stream. The nanoparticle is bound with single viruses and fluorescence quantum dots through an immunolabeling protocol. Single viruses can be swiftly captured in the microchannel by optical forces and imaged by a camera. The number of viruses in solution and on each particle can be quantified via image processing. Our method can trap and detect single viruses in the 1 mL serum or water in 2 h, paving an avenue for the advanced, fast, and accurate clinical diagnosis, as well as the study of virus infectivity, mutation, drug inhibition, etc.


Assuntos
Micromanipulação , Vírus , Micromanipulação/instrumentação , Vírus/isolamento & purificação
9.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2021: 7890288, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34539244

RESUMO

lncRNAs play important roles in lipopolysaccharide- (LPS-) induced acute lung injury. But the mechanism still needs further research. In the present study, we investigate the functional role of the lncRNA-SNHG14/miR-223-3p/Foxo3a pathway in LPS-induced ALI and tried to confirm its regulatory effect on autophagy. Transcriptomic profile changes were identified by RNA-seq in LPS-treated alveolar type II epithelial cells. The expression changes of lncRNA-SNHG14/miR-223-3p/Foxo3a were confirmed using qRT-PCR and west blot. The binding relationship of lncRNA-SNHG14/miR-223-3p/and miR-223-3p/Foxo3a was verified using dual-luciferase reporter, RNA immunoprecipitation, and RNA pull-down assays. Using gain-of-function or loss-of-function approaches, the effect of lncRNA-SNHG14/miR-223-3p/Foxo3a was investigated in LPS-induced acute lung injury mice model and in vitro. Increasing of lncRNA-SNHG14 and Foxo3a with reducing miR-223-3p was found in LPS-treated A549 cells and lung tissue collected from the LPS-induced ALI model. lncRNA-SNHG14 inhibited miR-223-3p but promoted Foxo3a expression as a ceRNA. Artificially changes of lncRNA-SNHG14/miR-223-3p/Foxo3a pathway promoted or protected cell injury from LPS in vivo and in vitro. Autophagy activity could be influenced by lncRNA-SNHG14/miR-223-3p/Foxo3a pathway in cells with or without LPS treatment. In conclusion, aberrant expression changes of lncRNA-SNHG14 participated alveolar type II epithelial cell injury and acute lung injury induced by LPS through regulating autophagy. One underlying mechanism is that lncRNA-SNHG14 regulated autophagy by controlling miR-223-3p/Foxo3a as a ceRNA. It suggested that lncRNA-SNHG14 may serve as a potential therapeutic target for patients with sepsis-induced ALI.

10.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 696578, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34422926

RESUMO

Purpose: Angiogenesis post-ischemia plays an essential role in preventing ischemic damage to tissue by improving the blood recovery. Determining the regulatory mechanism of ischemic angiogenesis, therefore, could provide effective therapeutics for ischemic injury. Materials and Methods: The RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) database was used to predict the association of gamma-aminobutyric acid type B receptor subunit 2 (GABBR2) with endothelial-specific expression. The role of GABBR2 in angiogenesis was verified in vitro by downregulating GABBR2 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) with lentiviral vectors. Besides, the in vivo effect of GABBR2 on the blood recovery of an ischemic hindlimb was demonstrated by establishing a hindlimb ischemia model in normal and GABBR2 adenoviral vector-infected mice. Then, the mobilization of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in peripheral blood post-ischemia was determined by flow cytometry. Finally, the XF analyzer and Western blot were used to determine the effect of GABBR2 on endothelial metabolism. Results: The RNA-seq results indicated a strong association between GABBR2 and endothelial revascularization, and the upregulation of GABBR2 was detected in both hypoxia-treated HUVECs and ischemic mouse hindlimb. Hypoxia treatment for 6 h increased the proliferation, migration, and tube formation of HUVECs, which were inhibited by GABBR2 knockdown. Additionally, GABBR2 downregulation significantly decreased the blood flow recovery of mouse ischemic hindlimb. The expressions of the EPC markers CD34+ and CD133+ significantly decreased in the peripheral blood in hindlimb post-ischemia. Mechanically, glycolysis-dominated metabolism of HUVECs was compromised by GABBR2 knockdown. Evidences of the decreased expressions of HKII, PFKFB3, and PKM1 also supported the compromised glycolysis induced by GABBR2 downregulation. Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that GABBR2 regulated angiogenesis post-ischemia by inhibiting the glycolysis pathway.

11.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(15)2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34372233

RESUMO

pH value plays an important role in many fields such as chemistry and biology; therefore, rapid and accurate pH measurement is very important. Because of its advantages in preparation, wide test range, rapid response, and good biocompatibility, iridium oxide material has received more and more attention. In this paper, we present a method for preparing iridium oxide pH microelectrodes based on the sputter deposition method. The sputtering parameters of iridium oxide are also studied and optimized. Open-circuit potential tests show that microelectrodes exhibit near-Nernstian pH response with good linearity (about 60 mV/pH), fast response, high stability (a slight periodic fluctuation of potential change <2.5 mV in 24 h), and good reversibility in the pH range of 1.00-13.00.


Assuntos
Irídio , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Microeletrodos
13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(24): 28222-28230, 2021 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34105949

RESUMO

MXene is a neoteric type of bidimensional (2D) transition metal carbide/nitride with broad application prospects, in particular with electrochemical energy storage. The electrochemical performance of MXene is unsatisfactory because it is easy to stack resulting in the difficulty of electrolyte penetration and ion transport. In this study, the cobaltous sulfide-modified 3D MXene/N-doped carbon foam (CoS@MXene/CF) hybrid aerogel is projected and manufactured via simple in situ growth and thermal annealing strategies. The capacitance of the as-fabricated 300-CMC-31:1 electrode material reaches 250 F g-1 (1 A g-1), which is obviously higher than those of MXene, CoS@CF, 400-CMC-31:1, 300-CMC-10:1, 300-CMC-50:1, CF, and MXene/CF electrode materials. Moreover, it can hold 97.5% of the original capacitance after 10,000 cycles and the internal resistance (Rs) is only 0.50 Ω. A green bulb can be lit by two all-solid asymmetric supercapacitors installed in series. The prepared CoS@MXene/CF hybrid aerogel exhibits promising potential for practical application in energy storage areas.

14.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(26): 9781-9790, 2021 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34164979

RESUMO

The real-time observation of chemical bond formation at the single-molecule level is one of the great challenges in the fields of organic and biomolecular chemistry. Valuable information can be gleaned that is not accessible using ensemble-average measurements. Although remarkably sophisticated techniques for monitoring chemical reactions have been developed, the ability to detect the specific formation of a chemical bond in situ at the single-molecule level has remained an elusive goal. Amide bonds are routinely formed from the aminolysis of N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) esters by primary amines, and the protocol is widely used for the synthesis, cross-linking, and labeling of peptides and proteins. Herein, a plasmonic nanocavity was applied to study aminolysis reaction for amide bond formation, which was initiated by single nanoparticle collision events between suitably functionalized free-moving gold nanoparticles and a gold nanoelectrode in an aqueous buffer. By means of simultaneous surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) and single-entity electrochemistry (EC) measurements, we have probed the dynamic evolution of amide bond formation in the aminolysis reaction with 10 s of millisecond time resolution. Hence, we demonstrate that single-entity EC-SERS is a valuable and sensitive technique by which chemical reactions can be studied at the single-molecule level.

15.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 641202, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34079528

RESUMO

Metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) and droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) have recently demonstrated a great potential for pathogen detection. However, few studies have been undertaken to compare these two nucleic acid detection methods for identifying pathogens in patients with bloodstream infections (BSIs). This prospective study was thus conducted to compare these two methods for diagnostic applications in a clinical setting for critically ill patients with suspected BSIs. Upon suspicion of BSIs, whole blood samples were simultaneously drawn for ddPCR covering 20 common isolated pathogens and four antimicrobial resistance (AMR) genes, mNGS, and blood culture. Then, a head-to-head comparison was performed between ddPCR and mNGS. A total of 60 episodes of suspected BSIs were investigated in 45 critically ill patients, and ddPCR was positive in 50 (83.3%), mNGS in 41 (68.3%, not including viruses), and blood culture in 10 (16.7%) episodes. Of the 10 positive blood cultures, nine were concordantly identified by both mNGS and ddPCR methods. The head-to-head comparison showed that ddPCR was more rapid (~4 h vs. ~2 days) and sensitive (88 vs. 53 detectable pathogens) than mNGS within the detection range of ddPCR, while mNGS detected a broader range of pathogens (126 vs. 88 detectable pathogens, including viruses) than ddPCR. In addition, a total of 17 AMR genes, including 14 blaKPC and 3 mecA genes, were exclusively identified by ddPCR. Based on their respective limitations and strengths, the ddPCR method is more useful for rapid detection of common isolated pathogens as well as AMR genes in critically ill patients with suspected BSI, whereas mNGS testing is more appropriate for the diagnosis of BSI where classic microbiological or molecular diagnostic approaches fail to identify causative pathogens.

16.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 188: 113355, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34049253

RESUMO

Glucose oxidase (GOx), traditionally regarded as an oxidoreductase with high ß-D-glucose specificity, has been widely applied as sensing probe for ß-D-glucose detection. However, it is found that the specificity of GOx is not absolute and GOx cannot decern ß-D-glucose among its isomers such as xylose, mannose and galactose. The existence of the other monosaccharides in sensing system could compromise the sensitivity for ß-D-glucose, therefore, it is of great urgency to achieve the highly specific catalytic performance of GOx. Herein, porous metal-organic frameworks (MOF) are prepared as the host matrix for immobilization of both GOx and bovine hemoglobin (BHb), obtained a cascaded catalytic system (MOF@GOx@BHb) with both enhanced GOx activity and peroxidase-like activity owing to the spatially confined effect. Then, using ß-D-glucose as both template molecules and substances, hydroxyl radicals are produced continuously and applied for initiating the polymerization of molecular imprinting polymers (MIPs) on the surface of MOF@GOx@BHb. Impressively, the obtaining molecularly imprinted GOx (noted as MOF@GOx@BHb-MIPs) achieves the highly sensitive and specific detection of ß-D-glucose in the concentration range of 0.5-20 µM with the LOD = 0.4 µM (S/N = 3) by colorimetry. Similarly, MOF@GOx@BHb-MIPs are subsequently obtained using mannose, xylose and galactose as template molecules, respectively, and also show satisfied specific catalytic activity towards corresponding templates, indicating the effectiveness of the proposed strategy to achieve highly specific catalytic performance of GOx.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Animais , Bovinos , Glucose Oxidase , Monossacarídeos , Nanotecnologia
17.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(19): 5559-5572, 2021 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33945277

RESUMO

Excessive application of nitrogen (N) fertilizer is common in Chinese apple production. High N reduced the contents of soluble sugar and total flavonoids by 16.05 and 19.01%, respectively, resulting in poor fruit quality. Moreover, high N increased the total N and decreased the total C and C/N ratio of apple fruits. On the basis of the transcriptomic, proteomic, and metabolomic analyses, the global network was revealed. High N inhibited the accumulation of carbohydrates (sucrose, glucose, and trehalose) and flavonoids (rhamnetin-3-O-rutinoside, rutin, and trihydroxyisoflavone-7-O-galactoside) in fruits, and more C skeletons were used to synthesize amino acids and their derivatives (especially low C/N ratio, e.g., arginine) to be transferred to N metabolism. This study revealed new insights into the decline in soluble sugar and flavonoids caused by high N, and hub genes (MD07G1172700, MD05G1222800, MD16G1227200, MD01G1174400, and MD02G1207200) and hub proteins (PFK, gapN, and HK) were obtained.


Assuntos
Malus , Frutas/genética , Metabolômica , Nitrogênio , Proteômica
18.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 592: 455-467, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33711647

RESUMO

In this work, MgCo2O4@NiMn layered double hydroxide (LDH) core-shell structured nanocomposites on Ni foam (NF) are synthesized by facile hydrothermal and calcination methods. MgCo2O4/NF is synthesized first via a hydrothermal reaction and annealing treatment, and then utilized to prepare MgCo2O4@NiMn-LDH/NF core-shell structured nanocomposites via the second hydrothermal process. It is found that the MgCo2O4@NiMn-LDH/NF nanocomposite prepared from 6 h hydrothermal reaction (MC@NM-LDH-2) exhibits an excellent specific capacitance of 3757.2 F g-1 (at 1 A g-1). Moreover, a high capacitance retention (86.9% after 6000 cycles) and a low internal resistance (Rs) (0.565 Ω) can be achieved. Furthermore, an all-solid-state asymmetric supercapacitor (ASC) is assembled using MgCo2O4@NiMn-LDH/NF-2 as positive electrode and activated carbon (AC) as negative electrode. The as-fabricated MgCo2O4@NiMn-LDH/NF-2//AC ASC shows a high energy density of 62.33 Wh kg-1 at 750 W kg-1. Meanwhile, the MgCo2O4@NiMn-LDH/NF-2//AC ASC device possesses an outstanding cycling stability of 93.7% retention of the initial capacitance after 6000 cycles and three ASC devices connected in series can light up a LED bulb for 15 min. Our results manifest that these core-shell structure MgCo2O4@NiMn-LDH nanocomposites could envision huge potential application in energy storage devices.

19.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 594: 460-465, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33774401

RESUMO

Graphene quantum dots (GQDs) are attractive fluorescent nanoparticles that have wide applicability, are inexpensive, nontoxic, photostable, water-dispersible, biocompatible and environmental-friendly. Various strategies for the synthesis of GQDs have been reported. However, simple and efficient methods of producing GQDs with control over the size of the GQDs, and hence their optical properties, are sorely needed. Herein, an ultra-fast and efficient laser writing technique is presented as a means to produce GQDs with homogeneous size from graphene produced by the instantaneous photothermal gasification and recrystallization mechanism. Controlling the laser scan speed and output power, the yield of GQDs can reach to be about 31.458 mg/s, which shows promising potential for large-scale production. The entire process eliminates the need for chemical solvents or any other reagents. Notably, the prepared laser writing produced GQDs (LWP-GQDs) exhibit blue fluorescence under UV irradiation of 365 nm and the Commission Internationale de L'Eclairage (CIE) chromaticity coordinates is measured at (0.1721, 0.123). Overall, this method exhibits superior advantages over the complex procedures and low yields required by other existing methods, and thus has great potential for the commercial applications.

20.
Adv Mater ; 33(16): e2100218, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33683745

RESUMO

From typical electrical appliances to thriving intelligent robots, the exchange of information between humans and machines has mainly relied on the contact sensor medium. However, this kind of contact interaction can cause severe problems, such as inevitable mechanical wear and cross-infection of bacteria or viruses between the users, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, revolutionary noncontact human-machine interaction (HMI) is highly desired in remote online detection and noncontact control systems. In this study, a flexible high-sensitivity humidity sensor and array are presented, fabricated by anchoring multilayer graphene (MG) into electrospun polyamide (PA) 66. The sensor works in noncontact mode for asthma detection, via monitoring the respiration rate in real time, and remote alarm systems and provides touchless interfaces in medicine delivery for bedridden patients. The physical structure of the large specific surface area and the chemical structure of the abundant water-absorbing functional groups of the PA66 nanofiber networks contribute to the high performance synergistically. This work can lead to a new era of noncontact HMI without the risk of contagiousness and provide a general and effective strategy for the development of smart electronics that require noncontact interaction.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Eletrônica , Asma/diagnóstico , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Eletrodos , Grafite/química , Humanos , Umidade , Internet das Coisas , Aplicativos Móveis , Nanofibras/química , Taxa Respiratória , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis
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