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1.
Eur Phys J E Soft Matter ; 43(2): 7, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32006191

RESUMO

Zwitterions are a class of unique molecules that can be modified onto nanomaterials to render them with antifouling properties. Here we report a thorough NMR investigation of dendrimers modified with zwitterions in terms of their structure, hydrodynamic size, and diffusion time in aqueous solution. In this present work, poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) dendrimers of generation 5 (G5) were partially decorated with carboxybetaine acrylamide (CBAA), 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC), and 1,3-propane sultone (1,3-PS), respectively with different modification degrees. The formed zwitterion-modified G5 dendrimers were characterized using NMR techniques. We show that the zwitterion modification leads to increased G5 dendrimer size in aqueous solution, suggesting that the modified zwitterions can form a hydration layer on the surface of G5 dendrimers. In addition, the hydrodynamic sizes of G5 dendrimers modified with different zwitterions but with the same degree of surface modification are discrepant depending on the type of zwitterions. The present study provides a new physical insight into the structure of zwitterion-modified G5 dendrimers by NMR techniques, which is beneficial for further design of different biomedical applications.

2.
J Hazard Mater ; 384: 121430, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635818

RESUMO

A nitrogen-doped metal organic framework (MOF) based porous carbon (C-(C3N4@MOF)) was produced by the carbonization of a graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) templated MOF (NH2-MIL-125). The C-(C3N4@MOF) was then coated on a stainless steel wire by sol-gel technique to serve as a solid-phase microextraction (SPME) fiber coating. The coated fiber was studied for the extraction of fourteen organophosphorous pesticides (OPPs) from different fruit and vegetable samples followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC-MS) detection. The C-(C3N4@MOF) coated fiber exhibited a high extraction capability for the OPPs. Both single factor optimization and response surface analysis (Box-Behnken Design) methods were implemented to optimize the experiment conditions for the extraction. The results indicated that the linear response for the fourteen OPPs was in the range from 0.69 to 3000 ng g-1 and the coefficients of determination (r2) ranged from 0.9981 to 0.9998. The limits of detection (LODs, S/N = 3) ranged from 0.23 to 7.5 ng g-1. The method recoveries (R) of the fourteen OPPs for spiked fruit and vegetable samples were between 82.6% and 118%, with the relative standard deviations (RSDs) varying from 2.8% to 11.7%. The fiber can be reused over 100 times without a significant loss of extraction efficiency.

3.
Inflammopharmacology ; 28(1): 299-310, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446589

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Influenza is an acute viral respiratory illness that causes high morbidity and mortality globally. Therapeutic actions are limited to vaccines and a few anti-viral drugs. Polygala (P.) japonica herba is rich in Polygalasaponin F (PSF, C53H86O23), used for acute bronchitis, pharyngitis, pneumonia, amygdalitis, and respiratory tract infections treatment in China. Hypercytokinemia is often correlated with severe pneumonia caused by several influenza viruses. PSF was reported to have anti-inflammatory effects and its mechanism is associated with the nuclear factor (NF)-κB signaling pathway. The action of PSF to alleviate pulmonary inflammation caused by influenza A virus (IAV) infection requires careful assessment. In the present study, we evaluated the effect and mechanism of PSF on mice with pneumonia caused by influenza H1N1 (A/FM/1/47). METHODS: Mice were infected intranasally with fifteen 50% mouse lethal challenge doses (MLD50) of influenza virus. BALB/c mice were treated with PSF or oseltamivir (oral administration) for 2 h post-infection and received concomitant treatment for 5 days after infection. On day 6 post-infection, 10 mice per group were killed to collect related samples, measure body weight and lung wet weight, and detect the viral load, cytokine, prostaglandins, pathological changes, and cell pathway protein expression in the lungs. In addition, the survival experiments were carried out to investigate the survival of mice. The expression profile of cell pathway proteins was detected and analyzed using a broad pathway antibody array and confirmed the findings from the array by western blotting. RESULTS: Polygalasaponin F and oseltamivir can protect against influenza viral infection in mice. PSF and oseltamivir significantly relieved the signs and symptoms, reduced body weight loss, and improved the survival rate of H1N1-infected mice. Moreover, PSF efficiently decreased the level of interleukin (IL)-1ß, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, IL-4, interferon (IFN)-γ, thromboxane A2 (TXA2), and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in lung tissues of mice infected with influenza virus (p < 0.05-0.01). Oseltamivir had a similar effect to lung cytokine of PSF, but did not decrease the levels of TXA2 and PGE2. There was a twofold or greater increase in four cell pathway protein, namely NF-κB p65 (2.68-fold), I-kappa-B-alpha (IκBα) (2.56-fold), and MAPK/ERK kinase 1 (MEK1) (7.15-fold) assessed in the array induced by influenza virus. Western blotting showed that the expression of these proteins was significantly decreased in lung after influenza virus challenge in PSF and oseltamivir-treated mice (p < 0.05-0.01). CONCLUSION: Polygalasaponin F appears to be able to augment protection against IAV infection in mice via attenuation of pulmonary inflammatory responses. Its effect on IAV-induced pulmonary inflammation was associated with suppression of Raf/MEK/ERK and NF-κB expressions.

4.
Nature ; 575(7783): 505-511, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31723265

RESUMO

Chronic liver disease due to alcohol-use disorder contributes markedly to the global burden of disease and mortality1-3. Alcoholic hepatitis is a severe and life-threatening form of alcohol-associated liver disease. The gut microbiota promotes ethanol-induced liver disease in mice4, but little is known about the microbial factors that are responsible for this process. Here we identify cytolysin-a two-subunit exotoxin that is secreted by Enterococcus faecalis5,6-as a cause of hepatocyte death and liver injury. Compared with non-alcoholic individuals or patients with alcohol-use disorder, patients with alcoholic hepatitis have increased faecal numbers of E. faecalis. The presence of cytolysin-positive (cytolytic) E. faecalis correlated with the severity of liver disease and with mortality in patients with alcoholic hepatitis. Using humanized mice that were colonized with bacteria from the faeces of patients with alcoholic hepatitis, we investigated the therapeutic effects of bacteriophages that target cytolytic E. faecalis. We found that these bacteriophages decrease cytolysin in the liver and abolish ethanol-induced liver disease in humanized mice. Our findings link cytolytic E. faecalis with more severe clinical outcomes and increased mortality in patients with alcoholic hepatitis. We show that bacteriophages can specifically target cytolytic E. faecalis, which provides a method for precisely editing the intestinal microbiota. A clinical trial with a larger cohort is required to validate the relevance of our findings in humans, and to test whether this therapeutic approach is effective for patients with alcoholic hepatitis.

5.
J Hepatol ; 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606552

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Alcohol-associated liver disease is a leading indication for liver transplantation and a leading cause of mortality. Alterations to the gut microbiota contribute to the pathogenesis of alcohol-associated liver disease. Patients with alcohol-associated liver disease have increased proportions of Candida spp. in the fecal mycobiome, yet little is known about the effect of intestinal Candida on the disease. Herein, we evaluated the contributions of Candida albicans and its exotoxin candidalysin in alcohol-associated liver disease. METHODS: C. albicans and the extent of cell elongation 1 (ECE1) were analyzed in fecal samples from controls, patients with alcohol use disorder and those with alcoholic hepatitis. Mice colonized with different and genetically manipulated C. albicans strains were subjected to the chronic-plus-binge ethanol diet model. Primary hepatocytes were isolated and incubated with candidalysin. RESULTS: The percentages of individuals carrying ECE1 were 0%, 4.76% and 30.77% in non-alcoholic controls, patients with alcohol use disorder and patients with alcoholic hepatitis, respectively. Candidalysin exacerbates ethanol-induced liver disease and is associated with increased mortality in mice. Candidalysin enhances ethanol-induced liver disease independently of the ß-glucan receptor C-type lectin domain family 7 member A (CLEC7A) on bone marrow-derived cells, and candidalysin does not alter gut barrier function. Candidalysin can damage primary hepatocytes in a dose-dependent manner in vitro and is associated with liver disease severity and mortality in patients with alcoholic hepatitis. CONCLUSIONS: Candidalysin is associated with the progression of ethanol-induced liver disease in preclinical models and worse clinical outcomes in patients with alcoholic hepatitis. LAY SUMMARY: Candidalysin is a peptide toxin secreted by the commensal gut fungus Candida albicans. Candidalysin enhances alcohol-associated liver disease independently of the ß-glucan receptor CLEC7A on bone marrow-derived cells in mice without affecting intestinal permeability. Candidalysin is cytotoxic to primary hepatocytes, indicating a direct role of candidalysin on ethanol-induced liver disease. Candidalysin might be an effective target for therapy in patients with alcohol-associated liver disease.

6.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(19): 8542-8555, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590160

RESUMO

Oxidative stress plays a vital role in the initiation and progression of age-related neurodegenerative diseases. Ameliorating oxidative damage is therefore considered as a beneficial strategy for the treatment of age-related neurodegenerative disorders. Probucol (Prob), a lipid-lowering prototype agent, was reported to treat cardiovascular diseases, chronic kidney disease and diabetes mellitus. However, whether Prob has an effect on age-related neurodegenerative diseases remains unknown. In the study, it was found that Prob ameliorated D-galactose (D-gal) induced cognitive deficits and neuronal loss in the hippocampal CA1 region. Moreover, Prob alleviated ROS and MDA levels by elevating SOD, GSH-PX and HO-1 mRNA and protein expressions, and improving plasmic and cerebral SOD and GSH-PX activities in D-gal treated mice. Furthermore, Prob promoted the dissociation of Keap1/Nrf2 complex leading to the accumulation of Nrf2 in nucleus, implying that the improved anti-oxidant property of Prob is mediated by Keap1/Nrf2 pathway. The study firstly demonstrates the favorable effects of Prob against cognitive impairments in a senescent mouse model, rendering this compound a promising agent for the treatment or prevention of age-related neurodegenerative disease.

7.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 18: 1533033819876263, 2019 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31551000

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our objective is to explore the accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging in determining the preoperative T and N staging, pathological stage, and the length of esophageal tumor in patients with esophageal cancer. METHODS: This retrospective analysis included 57 patients admitted to the Department of Thoracic Surgery of The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University between January 2015 and December 2016. Postoperative pathological results were used as the reference to verify the accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging in evaluating tumor T and N staging, pathological stage, and tumor length. The correlation between tumor lengths-measured using magnetic resonance imaging and the surgical specimen measurements-was evaluated. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 64.6 ± 7.2 years, with a range of 47 to 77 years. The overall accuracy rate of magnetic resonance imaging in T staging of esophageal cancer was 63.2%; magnetic resonance imaging was generally consistent in the N staging of esophageal cancer. Magnetic resonance imaging and surgical evaluation of tumor length were in excellent agreement (κ = .82, P < .001), while that of gastroscopy and postoperative pathology was moderate (κ = .63, P < .001). CONCLUSION: Magnetic resonance imaging is highly accurate in determining the preoperative T and N staging, pathologic stage, and tumor length in patients with esophageal cancer, which is important in deciding the choice of preoperative treatment and the surgical approach.

8.
Acta Biomater ; 99: 320-329, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31513912

RESUMO

We demonstrate a novel serum-enhanced gene delivery approach using zwitterion-functionalized dendrimer-entrapped gold nanoparticles (Au DENPs) as a non-viral vector for inhibition of cancer cell metastasis in vitro. Poly(amidoamine) dendrimers of generation 5 decorated with zwitterion carboxybetaine acrylamide (CBAA) and lysosome-targeting agent morpholine (Mor) were utilized to entrap gold NPs. We show that both Mor-modified and Mor-free Au DENPs are cytocompatible and can effectively deliver plasmid DNA encoding different reporter genes to cancer cells in medium with or without serum. Strikingly, due to the antifouling property exerted by the attached zwitterion CBAA, the gene delivery efficiency of Mor-modified Au DENPs and the Mor-free Au DENPs in the serum-containing medium are 1.4 and 1.7 times higher than the corresponding vector in serum-free medium, respectively. In addition, the Mor-free vector has a better gene expression efficiency than the Mor-modified one although the Mor modification enables the polyplexes to have enhanced cancer cell uptake. Wound healing and hypermethylated in cancer 1 (HIC1) protein expression assay data reveal that the expression of HIC1 gene in cancer cells enables effective inhibition of cell migration. Our findings suggest that the created zwitterion-functionalized Au DENPs may be employed as a powerful vector for serum-enhanced gene therapy of different diseases. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: One major challenge in the non-viral gene delivery system is that the strong interaction between serum protein and the positively charged vector/gene polyplexes neutralize the positive charge of the polyplexes and form possible protein corona, thereby significantly reducing their cellular uptake efficiency and subsequent gene transfection outcome. Here we demonstrate the conceptual advances in the serum-enhanced gene delivery using zwitterionic modification of polycationic poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) dendrimer-entrapped gold nanoparticles (Au DENPs). We demonstrate that partial zwitterionic modification of Au DENPs is able to confer them with antifouling property to resist serum protein adsorption. Hence the vector/DNA polyplexes are able to maintain their positive potentials and small hydrodynamic size in the serum environment, where serum solely play the role as a nutrition factor for enhanced gene delivery. We demonstrate that partial modification of zwitterion carboxybetaine acrylamide (CBAA) and morpholine (Mor) onto the surface Au DENPs renders the vector with both antifouling property and lysosome targeting ability, respectively. The generated functional Au DENPs can compact pDNA to form polyplexes that enable serum-enhanced gene expression. In particular, once complexed with hypermethylated in cancer 1 (HIC1) gene, the polyplexes can significantly inhibit cancer cell migration and metastasis.

9.
EBioMedicine ; 46: 54-65, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31324603

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the most lethal malignancies with poor prognosis. Cancer-testis genes (CTGs) have been vigorously pursued as targets for cancer immunotherapy, but the expressive patterns and functional roles of CTGs remain unclear in ESCC. METHODS: A systematic screening strategy was adopted to screen CTGs in ESCC by integrating multiple public databases and RNA expression microarray data from 119 ESCC subjects. For the newly identified ESCC prognosis-associated CTGs, an independent cohort of 118 patients with ESCC was recruited to validate the relationship via immunohistochemistry. Furthermore, functional assays were performed to determine the underlying mechanisms. FINDINGS: 21 genes were recognized as CTGs, in particular, CDCA5 was aberrantly upregulated in ESCC tissues and significantly associated with poor prognosis (HR = 1.85, 95%CI: 1.14-3.01, P = .013). Immunohistochemical staining confirmed that positive CDCA5 expression was associated with advanced TNM staging and a shorter overall survival rate (45.59% vs 28.00% for CDCA5-/+ subjects, P = 1.86 × 10-3). H3K27 acetylation in CDCA5 promoter might lead to the activation of CDCA5 during ESCC tumorigenesis. Functionally, in vitro assay of gain- and loss-of-function of CDCA5 suggested that CDCA5 could promote ESCC cells proliferation, invasion, migration, apoptosis resistance and reduce chemosensitivity to cisplatin. Moreover, in vivo assay showed that silenced CDCA5 could inhibit tumor growth. Mechanistically, CDCA5 knockdown led to an arrest in G2/M phase and changes in the expression of factors that played fundamental roles in the cell cycle pathway. INTERPRETATION: CDCA5 contributed to ESCC progression and might serve as an attractive target for ESCC immunotherapy. FUND: This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (No. BK20181083 and BK20181496), Jiangsu Top Expert Program in Six Professions (No. WSW-003 and WSW-007), Major Program of Science and Technology Foundation of Jiangsu Province (No. BE2016790 and BE2018746), Jiangsu Medical Young Talent Project (No. QNRC2016566), the Program of Jiangsu Medical Innovation Team (No. CXTDA2017006), Postgraduate Research & Practice Innovation Program of Jiangsu Province (KYCX18_1487) and Jiangsu Province 333 Talents Project (No. BRA2017545).


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Transcriptoma
10.
J Psychiatr Res ; 117: 31-37, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31276836

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Persons with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder (PwS) have high rates of cardiometabolic pathology that contributes to premature mortality. Adiponectin is a metabolic hormone affecting insulin sensitivity and inflammation, and is active in the brain. High-molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin is considered a more sensitive marker of metabolic dysfunction than total adiponectin, but has been poorly studied in schizophrenia. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 100 PwS, age range 26-68 years (46 women), and 93 age- and sex-comparable non-psychiatric comparison (NC) subjects. Assessments included measures of psychopathology, physical health, cognitive function, and circulating biomarkers of metabolic dysfunction (HMW adiponectin, lipids, insulin resistance) and inflammation (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein or hs-CRP, Tumor Necrosis Factor-α, Interleukin-6, and Interleukin-10). RESULTS: HMW adiponectin levels were lower in PwS compared to NCs. Lower HMW adiponectin levels were associated with higher body mass index (BMI), higher Framingham risk for coronary heart disease, higher number of metabolic syndrome criteria, greater insulin resistance, lower HDL cholesterol, and higher hs-CRP in both groups. Only in PwS, lower HMW adiponectin correlated with younger age. In the best-fit regression models of HMW adiponectin, lower levels were associated with lower HDL cholesterol and minority race/ethnicity in both groups; but with younger age, non-smoking, higher insulin resistance, and a diagnosis of schizoaffective disorder only among PwS, and with male sex, better cognitive functioning, and higher hs-CRP levels in NCs only. DISCUSSION: HMW adiponectin may be a promising biomarker of cardiometabolic health, especially among PwS. Adiponectin is a potential target for lifestyle and pharmacological interventions. Research on the possible role of HMW adiponectin in modifying cardiometabolic pathology in schizophrenia is needed.

11.
J Exp Neurosci ; 13: 1179069519858627, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31308735

RESUMO

Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), also known as concussion, is a serious public health challenge. Although most patients recover, a substantial minority suffers chronic disability. The mechanisms underlying mTBI-related detrimental effects remain poorly understood. Although animal models contribute valuable preclinical information and improve our understanding of the underlying mechanisms following mTBI, only few studies have used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to study the evolution of axonal injury following mTBI in rodents. It is known that DTI shows changes after human concussion and the role of delineating imaging findings in animals is therefore to facilitate understanding of related mechanisms. In this work, we used a rodent model of mTBI to investigate longitudinal indices of axonal injury. We present the results of 45 animals that received magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at multiple time points over a 2-week period following concussive or sham injury yielding 109 serial observations. Overall, the evolution of DTI metrics following concussive or sham injury differed by group. Diffusion tensor imaging changes within the white matter were most noticeable 1 week following injury and returned to baseline values after 2 weeks. More specifically, we observed increased fractional anisotropy in combination with decreased radial diffusivity and mean diffusivity, in the absence of changes in axial diffusivity, within the white matter of the genu corpus callosum at 1 week post-injury. Our study shows that DTI can detect microstructural white matter changes in the absence of gross abnormalities as indicated by visual screening of anatomical MRI and hematoxylin and eosin (H&E)-stained sections in a clinically relevant animal model of mTBI. Whereas additional histopathologic characterization is required to better understand the neurobiological correlates of DTI measures, our findings highlight the evolving nature of the brain's response to injury following concussion.

12.
Chin J Cancer Res ; 31(3): 453-462, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31354214

RESUMO

Objective: Multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) and serum tumor biomarkers are commonly used to evaluate the preoperative lymph node metastasis and the clinical staging of gastric cancer (GC). This study intends to evaluate the clinical predictive value of MDCT and serum tumor biomarkers in lymph node metastasis of GC. Methods: The clinicopathologic data of 445 GC patients who underwent radical gastrectomy were retrospectively analyzed to evaluate the diagnostic value of MDCT and serum tumor biomarkers in lymph node metastatic staging of GC before surgery. Results: With the multinomial logistic regression analysis, the independent relative factors of lymph node metastasis of GC were identified as tumor size, depth of tumor invasion, vessel invasion, vascular embolus, and soft tissue invasion. The optimal critical value of the short diameter of lymph nodes detected by MDCT scanning for evaluation of preoperative lymph node metastasis was 6.0 mm, with 75.7% as predictive accuracy of lymph node metastasis compared to the postoperative pathological results of GC patients. In addition, the critical value of the short diameter of lymph nodes combined with serum tumor biomarkers [including carbohydrate antigen (CA)-724 and CA-199] could show an enhancement of predictive sensitivity of lymph node metastasis (up to 89.3%) before surgery. Conclusions: MDCT combined with serum tumor biomarkers should be adopted to improve preoperative sensitivity and accuracy of lymph node metastasis for GC patients.

13.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 24(4): e491-e501, jul. 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-185663

RESUMO

Background: To describe epidemiological features of 565 Chinese patients with odontogenic keratocysts (OKC), to investigate possible prognostic factors related to recurrence, and to analyse features of recurrent OKC (rOKC).Material and Methods: A retrospective chart review of 565 cases of OKC treated between 2003 and 2015 was undertaken. The probability of recurrence related to prognostic factors including large size, cortical perforation combined with involved teeth in the lumen of the cyst, inflammation, sites of the involved lesion, sex, and daughter cyst variables were analysed. The subsequent relapse of each OKC was compared.Results: Patients ranged in age from 7 to 81 years (mean age, 28.4 years) and, of those affected, 66.9% were male and 33.1% were female. Mandibular OKC occurred in 63.01% and 36.99% occurred in the maxilla, 80.53% of patients had non-rOKC, 10.44% rOKC, and 9.03% had multiple OKC lesions. Enucleation with preservation of the involved teeth in the cystic lesion combined with cortical perforation was statistically associated with high recur-rence rate, as were daughter cysts, and multilocular lesions. The number of recurrences and the average time (in years) to relapse decreased from the first relapse of OKC to the third relapse, and the difference was significant (P < .05). Conclusions: Preservation of the involved teeth combined with cortical perforation appeared to be a potential prog-nostic factor associated with high recurrence. The follow-up evaluation period for rOKC with ≥ 2 previous treatments should be shorter than for first-time rOKC. The decreasing average duration (years postoperatively) to relapse was related to the number of rOKCs, timing of relapse, and rOKC type


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Cistos Odontogênicos , Tumores Odontogênicos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Opt Express ; 27(10): 14344-14352, 2019 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31163885

RESUMO

We theoretically propose an approach for designing transparent conductive films based on quantum tunneling effects. These films are constructed from insulator and metallic materials overlapped with one another. To approach the quantum tunneling regime and improve the conductivity, the thicknesses of the insulator layers should be 1 nanometer or less. The optical properties (transmittance, reflectance and admittance) are studied in detail. However, the quantum tunneling effect would have an impact on the imaginary part of the permittivity of the insulator material. Therefore, the influence of the incoming quantum tunneling effect on the transparency is also analyzed by a quantum-corrected model. Finally, we have also studied the conductivity of the films.

15.
Hepatology ; 2019 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31228214

RESUMO

Chronic alcohol consumption causes increased intestinal permeability and changes in the intestinal microbiota composition, which contribute to the development and progression of alcohol-related liver disease. In this setting, little is known about commensal fungi in the gut. We studied the intestinal mycobiota in a cohort of patients with alcoholic hepatitis, patients with alcohol use disorder, and nonalcoholic controls using fungal-specific internal transcribed spacer amplicon sequencing of fecal samples. We further measured serum anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies (ASCA) as a systemic immune response to fungal products or fungi. Candida was the most abundant genus in the fecal mycobiota of the two alcohol groups, whereas genus Penicillium dominated the mycobiome of nonalcoholic controls. We observed a lower diversity in the alcohol groups compared with controls. Antibiotic or steroid treatment was not associated with a lower diversity. Patients with alcoholic hepatitis had significantly higher ASCA levels compared to patients with alcohol use disorder and to nonalcoholic controls. Within the alcoholic hepatitis cohort, patients with levels of at least 34 IU/mL had a significantly lower 90-day survival (59%) compared with those with ASCA levels less than 34 IU/mL (80%) with an adjusted hazard ratio of 3.13 (95% CI, 1.11-8.82; P = 0.031). Conclusion: Patients with alcohol-associated liver disease have a lower fungal diversity with an overgrowth of Candida compared with controls. Higher serum ASCA was associated with increased mortality in patients with alcoholic hepatitis. Intestinal fungi may serve as a therapeutic target to improve survival, and ASCA may be useful to predict the outcome in patients with alcoholic hepatitis.

16.
Gastroenterol Rep (Oxf) ; 7(3): 193-198, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31217983

RESUMO

Background: In addition to the stepwise manner of lymph-node metastasis from the primary tumour, the skip lymph-node metastasis (SLNM) was identified as a low-incidence metastasis of gastric cancer (GC). So far, both the mechanism and outcome of SLNM have not been elucidated completely. The purpose of this study was to analyse the clinical significance and the potential mechanism of SLNM in GC patients who had lymph-node metastasis. Methods: Clinicopathological data and follow-up information of 505 GC patients who had lymph-node metastasis were analysed to demonstrate the significance of SLNM in evaluating the prognostic outcome. According to the pathological results, all GC patients who had lymph-node metastasis were categorized into three groups: patients with the perigastric lymph-node metastasis, patients with the perigastric and extragastric lymph-node metastasis and patients with SLNM.Results: Among the 505 GC patients who had lymph-node metastasis, 24 (4.8%) had pathologically identified SLNM. The location of lymph-node metastasis was not significantly associated with 5-year survival rate and overall survival (OS) (P = 0.194). The stratified survival analysis results showed that the status of SLNM was significantly associated with the OS in patients with pN1 GC (P = 0.001). The median OS was significantly shorter in 19 pN1 GC patients with SLNM than in 100 patients with perigastric lymph-node metastasis (P < 0.001). The case-control matched logistic regression analysis results showed that tumour size (P = 0.002) was the only clinicopathological factor that may predict SLNM in pN1 GC patients undergoing curative surgery. Among the 19 pN1 GC patients with SLNM, 17 (89.5%) had metastatic lymph nodes along the common hepatic artery, around the celiac artery or in the hepatoduodenal ligament. Conclusions: SLNM may be considered a potentially practicable indicator for prognosis among various subgroups of pN1 GC patients.

17.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 14(1): 147, 2019 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31118052

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to explore the clinical efficacy of applying a new reduction brace in the closed reduction of femoral shaft fracture. METHODS: A total of 18 patients with femoral shaft fracture, who were admitted to the Bone Trauma Surgery, Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, from September 2015 to January 2017, were chosen. A novel reduction brace combined with closed reduction intramedullary nail insertion on the traction table adopted for the orthopedic surgery was taken for the fixation. Then, surgical time, bleeding amount, and postoperational fracture healing time were recorded. RESULTS: All 18 patients with femoral shaft fracture successfully received closed reduction femoral nail with the application of the novel reduction brace. The follow-up period was 3-18 months, with an average of 12 months, and the femoral shaft fracture was well healed with good recovery of function. CONCLUSIONS: The design of the closed reduction brace of the femoral shaft fracture was reasonable, simple, and convenient to use and has a short learning curve. Furthermore, it led to little trauma to these patients and fully played the advantages of minimally invasive therapy for femoral fractures.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fixação de Fratura/instrumentação , Fixação de Fratura/métodos , Posicionamento do Paciente/instrumentação , Posicionamento do Paciente/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
18.
Carcinogenesis ; 40(10): 1198-1208, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31050728

RESUMO

Copy number variations (CNVs) represent one of the most common genomic alterations. This study aimed to evaluate the roles of genes within highly aberrant genome regions in the prognosis of esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC). Exome sequencing data from 81 paired ESCC tissues were used to screen aberrant genomic regions. The associations between CNVs and gene expression were evaluated using gene expression data from the same individuals. Then, an RNA expression array profile from 119 ESCC samples was adopted for differential gene expression and prognostic analyses. Two independent ESCC cohorts with 315 subjects were further recruited to validate the prognostic value using immunohistochemistry tests. Finally, we explored the potential mechanism of our identified novel oncogene in ESCC. In total, 2003 genes with CNVs were observed, of which 76 genes showed recurrent CNVs in more than three samples. Among them, 32 genes were aberrantly expressed in ESCC tumor tissues and statistically correlated with CNVs. Strikingly, 4 (CTTN, SHANK2, INPPL1 and ANO1) of the 32 genes were significantly associated with the prognosis of ESCC patients. Patients with a positive expression of ANO1 had a poorer prognosis than ANO1 negative patients (overall survival rate: 42.91% versus 26.22% for ANO1-/+ samples, P < 0.001). Functionally, ANO1 promoted ESCC cell proliferation, migration and invasion by activating transforming growth factor-ß pathway. Knockdown of ANO1 significantly inhibited tumor progression in vitro and in vivo. In conclusion, ANO1 is a novel oncogene in ESCC and may serve as a prognostic biomarker for ESCC.

19.
Opt Express ; 27(9): 12470-12482, 2019 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31052786

RESUMO

An x-ray detector using a pulse-dilation technology to achieve high temporal resolution is reported. The electron pulse generated from the photo-cathode (PC) is first dilated by a pulse-dilation device and then imaged onto the microchannel plate (MCP) by a magnetic lens imaging system. Finally, the dilated electron pulse is detected by a gated MCP. A resolution of 14 ps is achieved. In addition, the synchronous gating is studied in the dilation x-ray detector without a 1:1 image ratio. The results show that while the time of flight (TOF) of the electrons is identical, the MCP gating pulse can be timed relative to the PC excitation pulse to gate the dilated electron signal in a single area, and they are unsynchronized in the other area. To avoid the single area synchronization effect, the magnetic lens imaging system used in the detector should allow photoelectrons with a large energy spread to be imaged onto the MCP. This effect can also be reduced by using an MCP gating pulse with a width larger than 500 ps. Moreover, a 1:1 image ratio can avoid this effect. Furthermore, a decreasing electron TOF can eliminate the single area synchronization effect.

20.
Front Psychiatry ; 10: 251, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31065243

RESUMO

Higher prevalence of physical comorbidity and premature mortality in persons with schizophrenia (PwS) results primarily from heightened cardiovascular and metabolic risks. The literature suggests that insulin resistance precedes the development of obesity, smoking, and use of antipsychotic medications, although these likely play a compounding role later in the course of the disorder. It is thus important to discover the clinical characteristics of PwS with high insulin resistance, as these individuals may represent an etiopathologically distinct subgroup with a distinct course and treatment needs. We conducted a cross-sectional study and compared insulin resistance between 145 PwS and 140 nonpsychiatric comparison (NC) participants, similar in age, sex, and race distribution. In addition, we examined correlates of insulin resistance in PwS. As expected, PwS had higher levels of insulin resistance [Homeostatic Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR)] and body mass index (BMI) compared to the NC participants. HOMA-IR in the PwS was most associated with negative symptoms, BMI, and non-White race/ethnicity. The mechanistic relationships between insulin resistance and negative symptoms in schizophrenia patients warrant further investigation, and future studies should examine outcomes of PwS with this cluster of physical and mental symptoms and determine how management of insulin resistance might improve health of these individuals.

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