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2.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 13(1): 236, 2022 06 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35659731

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human placenta-derived multipotent cells (hPDMCs) are isolated from a source uncomplicated by ethical issues and are ideal for therapeutic applications because of their capacity for multilineage differentiation and proven immunosuppressive properties. It is known that heat shock preconditioning induces the upregulation of heat shock proteins (HSPs), which enhance survival and engraftment of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) during transplantation in live animal models, although whether heat shock preconditioning has the same effects in hPDMCs is unclear. METHODS: The hPDMCs were isolated from placenta of healthy donors. The cells were treated with heat shock (43 °C, 15 min), followed by evaluation of cell viability. Furthermore, the HSPs expression was assessed by Western blot, qPCR. The reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and signal pathway activation were determined by flow cytometry and Western blot, respectively. The regulatory pathways involved in HSPs expression were examined by pretreatment with chemical inhibitors, and siRNAs of MAPK, Akt, and heat shock factor 1 (HSF1), followed by determination of HSPs expression. RESULTS: This study demonstrates that heat shock treatment induced ROS generation and HPSs expression in hPDMCs. Heat shock stimulation also increased p38 MAPK and Akt phosphorylation. These effects were reduced by inhibitors of ROS, p38 MAPK and Akt. Moreover, we found that heat shock treatment enhanced nuclear translocation of the HSF1 in hPDMCs, representing activation of HSF1. Pretreatment of hPDMCs with ROS scavengers, SB203580 and Akt inhibitors also reduced the translocation of HSF1 induced by heat shock. CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicate that heat shock acts via ROS to activate p38 MAPK and Akt signaling, which subsequently activates HSF1, leading to HSP activation and contributing to the protective role of hPDMCs.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno , Animais , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição de Choque Térmico/genética , Fatores de Transcrição de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Humanos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/genética , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
3.
Biomed Eng Online ; 21(1): 38, 2022 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35715781

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the powerful clinical effects of radiofrequency and microwave ablation have been established, such ablation is associated with several limitations, including a small ablation size, a long ablation time, the few treatment positioning, and biosafety risks. To overcome these limitations, biosafe and efficient magnetic ablation was achieved in this study by using biocompatible liquid gallium as an ablation medium and a contrast medium for imaging. RESULTS: Magnetic fields with a frequency (f) lower than 200 kHz and an amplitude (H) × f value lower than 5.0 × 109 Am-1 s-1 were generated using the proposed method. These fields could generate an ablation size of 3 cm in rat liver lobes under a temperature of approximately 300 °C and a time of 20 s. The results of this study indicate that biomedical gallium can be used as a contrast medium for the positioning of gallium injections and the evaluation of ablated tissue around a target site. Liquid gallium can be used as an ablation medium and imaging contrast medium because of its stable retention in normal tissue for at least 3 days. Besides, the high anticancer potential of gallium ions was inferred from the self-degradation of 100 µL of liquid gallium after around 21 days of immersion in acidic solutions. CONCLUSIONS: The rapid wireless ablation of large or multiple lesions was achieved through the simple multi-injection of liquid gallium. This approach can replace the currently favoured procedure involving the use of multiple ablation probes, which is associated with limited benefits and several side effects. METHODS: Magnetic ablation was confirmed to be highly efficient by the consistent results obtained in the simulation and in vitro tests of gallium and iron oxide as well as the electromagnetic specifics and thermotherapy performance comparison detailed in this study Ultrasound imaging, X-ray imaging, and magnetic resonance imaging were found to be compatible with the proposed magnetic ablation method. Self-degradation analysis was conducted by mixing liquid gallium in acidic solutions with a pH of approximately 5-7 (to imitate a tumour-containing microenvironment). X-ray diffraction was used to identify the gallium oxides produced by degraded gallium ions.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Ablação , Ablação por Cateter , Gálio , Animais , Gálio/farmacologia , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Ratos , Ultrassonografia
4.
J Food Biochem ; : e14221, 2022 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35596593

RESUMO

Human oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) has been one of the most common oral cancers owing to high percentage of betel nuts chewers, smokers, and alcohol consumption. With current treatment strategies in OSCC, more than half patients relapse and develop distant metastases with poor prognosis. To overcome the incident, OSCC poses a challenge in current therapies and treatments. Naringenin, a natural flavonoid, has been noted for antitumor effects on various types of cancers; however, the effects of naringenin on OSCC remain bias. In this study, naringenin demonstrated the potential multifunction in human OSCC cells not only leading to cell apoptosis, but also alternating the general function of autophagy, serving as pro-survival mechanism by inducing the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress signaling through intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. In the process of programmed cell death, naringenin induced apoptotic signaling through caspase-cascade, mitochondrial dysfunction, and ER stress by aberrance of Ca2+ release. In contrast, under the presence of naringenin, the pro-survival has been altered into pro-death to activate the caspases-mediated apoptosis achieving cell death. The cross-function of apoptosis and autophagy has demonstrated the effect of naringenin-induced intracellular ROS activity in OSCC cells. Therefore, this study found that the effect of naringenin induces intracellular ROS to trigger programmed cell death and ER stress through the mechanisms of apoptosis and autophagy in human oral squamous carcinoma. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: This study revealed that naringenin debilitated the OSCC cell viability via the intracellular ROS production, ER stress, and autophagy, leading to cell apoptosis. Based on these studies and findings, naringenin provided an antitumor effect as a novel natural compound to improve the current therapies in OSCC.

5.
Molecules ; 27(2)2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35056691

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma, a primary bone tumor, responds poorly to chemotherapy and radiation therapy in children and young adults; hence, as the basis for an alternative treatment, this study investigated the cytotoxic and antiproliferative effects of naringenin on osteosarcoma cell lines, HOS and U2OS, by using cell counting kit-8 and colony formation assays. DNA fragmentation and the increase in the G2/M phase in HOS and U2OS cells upon treatment with various naringenin concentrations were determined by using the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling assay and Annexin V/propidium iodide double staining, respectively. Flow cytometry was performed, and 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate, JC-1, and Fluo-4 AM ester probes were examined for reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, mitochondrial membrane potential, and intracellular calcium levels, respectively. Caspase activation, cell cycle, cytosolic and mitochondrial, and autophagy-related proteins were determined using western blotting. The results indicated that naringenin significantly inhibited viability and proliferation of osteosarcoma cells in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, naringenin induced cell cycle arrest in osteosarcoma cells by inhibiting cyclin B1 and cyclin-dependent kinase 1 expression and upregulating p21 expression. Furthermore, naringenin significantly inhibited the growth of osteosarcoma cells by increasing the intracellular ROS level. Naringenin induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-mediated apoptosis through the upregulation of ER stress markers, GRP78 and GRP94. Naringenin caused acidic vesicular organelle formation and increased autophagolysosomes, microtubule-associated protein-light chain 3-II protein levels, and autophagy. The findings suggest that the induction of cell apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, and autophagy by naringenin through mitochondrial dysfunction, ROS production, and ER stress signaling pathways contribute to the antiproliferative effect of naringenin on osteosarcoma cells.


Assuntos
Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
6.
Environ Toxicol ; 37(3): 574-584, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34850538

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma, one of primary bone tumor in children and young adults, has poor prognosis and drug resistances to chemotherapy. In order to reinforce the conventional therapies and antagonize the osteosarcoma in patients, a novel strategy is required for developing a new treatment. In this study, surfactin, a natural product from Bacillus subtilis, showed the efficiency of cell death in osteosarcoma, but not in normal cells. Surfactin triggers ER stress mechanism by promoting the aberrant Ca2+ release from ER lumen and ER-signaling to mitochondrial dysfunction following caspases activation mediating cell apoptosis. Surfactin-induced ER stress not only upregulated of glucose-regulated protein 78/94 and IRE1-ASK1-JNK pathway but also leading to calpains and Bcl-2 proteins family involving the release of cytochrome c. The releases into cytosol trigger the cleavage of caspase-9 and caspase-3 to induce cell apoptosis. In this study, surfactin demonstrated the potential functions to trigger the ER stress, ER stress-associated IRE1-ASK1-JNK signaling pathway, mitochondrial dysfunction, and caspase activations leading to programmed cell apoptosis. Importantly, implicating the signaling pathway that regulates the connection between ER stress and mitochondrial dysfunction causing apoptosis associated with surfactin. These results indicated a potential application of surfactin strengthen current conventional therapies.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Endorribonucleases , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinase 5 , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Osteossarcoma , Apoptose , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Humanos , Transdução de Sinais
7.
J Inflamm Res ; 14: 5955-5967, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803392

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is known that osteoarthritis (OA) pathogenesis involves inflammation that drives pathologic changes and that the matricellular protein, thrombospondin-2 (TSP2), is involved in angiogenesis, carcinogenesis, and inflammation. However, how TSP2 contributes to OA inflammatory processes is unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of current study was to elucidate whether TSP2 could promote interleukin-6 (IL-6), a pro-inflammatory cytokine, expression in osteoarthritis synovial fibroblasts (OASFs). METHODS: The synovial fibroblasts isolated from osteoarthritis and healthy donors were incubated with recombinant TSP2 to evaluate its effect in OA pathogenesis. The SFs were incubated with recombinant TSP2, followed by determining the IL-6 expression by qPCR and Western blot. After SFs were incubated with TSP2 for different time interval, the Western blot was performed to investigate the activation of signal pathway. The different strategies including neutralizing antibodies, siRNAs, and chemical inhibitors were used to discover the signal transduction in response to TSP2 incubation in OASFs. To evaluate the therapeutic potential of TSP2 in osteoarthritis, the anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) in SD rats was performed in the presence or absence of TSP neutralizing antibody treatment. RESULTS: Our investigations have revealed that TSP2 promoted IL-6 expression in OASFs in a dose-dependent manner, especially in 30 and 100 ng/mL concentration (p < 0.05). Using different strategies including neutralizing antibodies, siRNAs, and chemical inhibitors, all of which attenuated signal pathway components in OASFs, we found evidence for the involvement of integrin αvß3, PI3K, Akt, and NF-κB in TSP2-mediated upregulation of IL-6 (p < 0.05). Finally, in the result of rat ACLT surgical model, we found that TSP2 neutralizing antibody had protective effects in cartilage destruction during OA progression. CONCLUSION: Thrombospondin-2 palys an important role in osteoarthritis pathogenesis and provides an opportunity to deal with osteoarthritis.

8.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(12): 1101, 2021 11 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34815382

RESUMO

Chondrosarcoma is a malignancy of soft tissue and bone that has a high propensity to metastasize to distant organs. Nerve growth factor (NGF) is critical for neuronal cell growth, apoptosis, and differentiation, and also appears to promote the progression and metastasis of several different types of tumors, although the effects of NGF upon chondrosarcoma mechanisms are not very clear. We report that NGF facilitates lysyl oxidase (LOX)-dependent cellular migration and invasion in human chondrosarcoma cells, and that NGF overexpression enhances lung metastasis in a mouse model of chondrosarcoma. NGF-induced stimulation of LOX production and cell motility occurs through the inhibition of miR-149-5p expression, which was reversed by PI3K, Akt, and mTOR inhibitors and their respective short interfering RNAs. Notably, levels of NGF and LOX expression correlated with tumor stage in human chondrosarcoma samples. Thus, NGF appears to be a worthwhile therapeutic target for metastatic chondrosarcoma.


Assuntos
Condrossarcoma/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Neural/metabolismo , Proteína-Lisina 6-Oxidase/metabolismo , Animais , Movimento Celular , Condrossarcoma/patologia , Humanos , Camundongos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica
9.
Front Oncol ; 11: 735277, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34760697

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma, a common aggressive and malignant cancer, appears in the musculoskeletal system among young adults. The major cause of mortality in osteosarcoma was the recurrence of lung metastases. However, the molecular mechanisms of metastasis involved in osteosarcomas remain unclear. Recently, CXCL1 and CXCR2 have been crucial indicators for lung metastasis in osteosarcoma by paracrine releases, suggesting the involvement of directing neutrophils into tumor microenvironment. In this study, overexpression of CXCL1 has a positive correlation with the migratory and invasive activities in osteosarcoma cell lines. Furthermore, the signaling pathway, CXCR2/FAK/PI3K/Akt, is activated through CXCL1 by promoting vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) via upregulation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) expression and nuclear translocation. The in vivo animal model further demonstrated that CXCL1 serves as a critical promoter in osteosarcoma metastasis to the lung. The correlated expression of CXCL1 and VCAM-1 was observed in the immunohistochemistry staining from human osteosarcoma specimens. Our findings demonstrate the cascade mechanism regulating the network in lung metastasis osteosarcoma, therefore indicating that the CXCL1/CXCR2 pathway is a worthwhile candidate to further develop treatment schemas.

10.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(19): 9128-9140, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427969

RESUMO

The CXC chemokine ligand-13 (CXCL13) is a chemoattractant of B cells and has been implicated in the progression of many cancers. So far, CXCL13 and its related receptor CXCR5 have been proved to regulate cancer cell migration as well as tumour metastasis. However, the role of CXCL13-CXCR5 axis in metastasis of lung cancer is still poorly understood. In this study, we found that CXCL13 and CXCR5 were commonly up-regulated in lung cancer specimens compared with normal tissues among different cohorts. Our evidence showed that CXCL13 obviously promoted migration of lung cancer cells, and this effect was mediated by vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) expression. We also confirmed that CXCR5, the major receptor responsible for CXCL13 function, was required for CXCL13-promoted cell migration. We also test the candidate components which are activated after CXCL13 treatment and found that phospholipase C-ß (PLCß), protein kinase C-α (PKCα) and c-Src signalling pathways were involved in CXCL13-promoted cell migration and VCAM-1 expression in lung cancer cells. Finally, CXCL13 stimulated NF-κB transcription factor in lung cancer cells, contributing to VCAM-1 expression in translational level. These evidences propose a novel insight into lung cancer metastasis which is regulated by CXCL13.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Quimiocina CXCL13/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Receptores CXCR5/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Quimiocina CXCL13/genética , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Metanálise como Assunto , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Metástase Neoplásica , Ligação Proteica , Proteína Quinase C-alfa/metabolismo , Receptores CXCR5/genética , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/genética , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/metabolismo , Quinases da Família src/metabolismo
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445345

RESUMO

Chondrosarcoma is a malignant bone tumor that is characterized by high metastatic potential and marked resistance to radiation and chemotherapy. The knowledge that adipokines facilitate the initiation, progression, metastasis, and treatment resistance of various tumors has driven several in vitro and in vivo investigations into the effects of adipokines resistin, leptin, and adiponectin upon the development and progression of chondrosarcomas. Another adipokine, visfatin, is known to regulate tumor progression and metastasis, although how this molecule may affect chondrosarcoma metastasis is unclear. Here, we found that visfatin facilitated cellular migration via matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) production in human chondrosarcoma cells and overexpression of visfatin enhanced lung metastasis in a mouse model of chondrosarcoma. Visfatin-induced stimulation of MMP-2 synthesis and activation of the AP-1 transcription factor facilitated chondrosarcoma cell migration via the ERK, p38, and JNK signaling pathways. This evidence suggests that visfatin is worth targeting in the treatment of metastatic chondrosarcoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Condrossarcoma/patologia , Citocinas/fisiologia , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/genética , Nicotinamida Fosforribosiltransferase/fisiologia , Animais , Neoplasias Ósseas/genética , Neoplasias Ósseas/metabolismo , Condrossarcoma/genética , Condrossarcoma/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/genética , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Metástase Neoplásica , Fator de Transcrição AP-1/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição AP-1/fisiologia , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
12.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(13): 17227-17236, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34198264

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are two of the most common types of arthritis. Both are characterized by the infiltration of a number of proinflammatory cytokines into the joint microenvironment. miRNAs play critical roles in the disease processes of arthritic disorders. However, little is known about the effects of miRNAs on critical inflammatory cytokine production with OA and RA progression. Here, we found higher levels of proinflammatory cytokines including interleukin 1 beta (IL-1ß), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) in human OA and RA synovial fibroblasts (SFs) compared with normal SFs. Searches of open-source microRNA (miRNA) software determined that miR-let-7c-5p and miR-149-5p interfere with IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α transcription; levels of all three proinflammatory cytokines were lower in human OA and RA patients compared with normal controls. Anti-inflammatory agents dexamethasone, celecoxib and indomethacin reduced proinflammatory cytokine production by promoting the expression of miR-let-7c-5p and miR-149-5p. Similarly, ibuprofen and methotrexate also enhanced miR-let-7c-5p and miR-149-5p expression in human SFs. The evidence suggests that increasing miR-let-7c-5p and miR-149-5p expression is a novel strategy for OA and RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Citocinas/biossíntese , Citocinas/genética , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Osteoartrite/genética , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Membrana Sinovial/metabolismo , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , Membrana Sinovial/citologia , Membrana Sinovial/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
13.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(13)2021 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34283074

RESUMO

A chondrosarcoma is a common tumor of the soft tissue and bone that has a high propensity to metastasize to distant organs. Nerve growth factor (NGF) is capable of promoting the progression and metastasis of several different types of tumors although the effects of NGF in a chondrosarcoma are not confirmed. Here, we found that the levels of NGF and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) correlated with the tumor stage in patients with a chondrosarcoma. NGF facilitated the MMP-2-dependent cellular migration in human chondrosarcoma JJ012 cells while the overexpression of NGF enhanced the lung metastasis in a mouse model of a chondrosarcoma. NGF promoted the MMP-2 synthesis and cell migration by inhibiting miR-423-5p expression through the FAK and c-Src signaling cascades. NGF appears to be a worthwhile therapeutic target in the treatment of a metastatic chondrosarcoma.

14.
J Cell Physiol ; 236(12): 8060-8069, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192347

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder that is characterized by increasing levels of proinflammatory cytokines. The ubiquitous enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4, also known as CD26) regulates different immune disorders, although the effects of DPP4 in RA are uncertain. Here, we found lower levels of DPP4 in RA synovial tissues compared with normal tissues. DPP4 levels were also lower in a rat collagen-induced arthritis model than in control (healthy) rats. Overexpression of DPP4 or exogenous treatment of RA synovial fibroblasts with DPP4 reduced levels of proinflammatory interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, and IL-13, and increased anti-inflammatory IL-10 synthesis, while DPP4 inhibitors sitagliptin and vildagliptin increased proinflammatory cytokine production, indicating an enhanced risk of RA development. The evidence suggests that increasing DPP4 expression is a novel strategy for RA disease.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Citocinas/efeitos dos fármacos , Dipeptidil Peptidase 4 , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Dipeptidil Peptidase 4/metabolismo , Dipeptidil Peptidase 4/farmacologia , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Membrana Sinovial/efeitos dos fármacos , Membrana Sinovial/metabolismo
15.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34181793

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the anticancer effects and underlying mechanisms of surfactin on human oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The capacity of surfactin to induce apoptosis, autophagy, and cell cycle arrest of two different human OSCC cell lines was investigated by cell viability, acridine orange staining, and cell cycle regulatory protein expression, respectively. The signaling network underlying these processes were determined by the analysis of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase activity, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-related protein levels, calcium release, mitogen-activated protein kinases activation, and cell cycle regulatory protein expression through corresponding reagents and experiments under various experimental conditions using specific pharmaceutical inhibitors or small interfering RNAs. RESULTS: Surfactin was able to induce apoptosis through NADPH oxidase/ROS/ER stress/calcium-downregulated extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 pathway. Surfactin could also lead to autophagy that shared the common regulatory signals with apoptosis pathway until calcium node. Cell cycle arrest at G2 /M phase caused by surfactin was demonstrated through p53 and p21 accumulation combined p34cdc2 , phosphorylated p34cdc2 , and cyclin B1 inhibition, which was regulated by NADPH oxidase-derived ROS. CONCLUSION: Surfactin could induce apoptosis, autophagy, and cell cycle arrest in ROS-dependent manner, suggesting a multifaced anticancer agent for OSCC.

16.
Life Sci ; 265: 118758, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33188835

RESUMO

AIMS: Insulin-like growth factor (IGF) signaling has been documented in several human malignancies and is thought to contribute to cellular differentiation and migration, as well as malignant progression. A major binding molecule of IGF, IGF-binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3), regulates multiple IGF effects. Here, we focused on the effect of IGFBP-3 in the motility of osteosarcoma cells and examined signaling regulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a human osteosarcoma tissue array, immunohistochemical staining determined levels of IGFBP-3 expression in osteosarcoma tissue and in normal tissue. The wound healing migration assay, Transwell migration assay, luciferase reporter assay, immunofluorescence staining, Western blot and real-time quantitative PCR were performed to examine whether IGFBP-3 facilitates VCAM-1-dependent migration of osteosarcoma cells. KEY FINDINGS: In this study, we found significantly higher IGFBP-3 levels in osteosarcoma tissue compared with normal healthy tissue. IGFBP-3 treatment of two human osteosarcoma cell lines promoted cell migration and upregulated levels of VCAM-1 expression via PI3K/Akt and AP-1 signaling. SIGNIFICANCE: IGFBP-3 appears to be a novel therapeutic target in metastatic osteosarcoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/metabolismo , Movimento Celular , Proteína 3 de Ligação a Fator de Crescimento Semelhante à Insulina/metabolismo , Osteossarcoma/metabolismo , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/metabolismo , Western Blotting , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Imunofluorescência , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Proteína 3 de Ligação a Fator de Crescimento Semelhante à Insulina/fisiologia , Regulação para Cima
17.
J Cell Physiol ; 236(3): 2205-2213, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32808296

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a progressive degenerative joint disorder characterized by synovial inflammation. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a key proinflammatory cytokine in OA progression. Particulate matter 2.5 (PM2.5) exposure increases the risk of different diseases, including OA. Up until now, no studies have described any association between PM2.5 and IL-6 expression in human OA synovial fibroblasts (OASFs). Here, our data show that PM2.5 concentration- and time-dependently promoted IL-6 synthesis in human OASFs. We also found that reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation potentiated the effects of PM2.5 on IL-6 production. ASK1, ERK, p38, and JNK inhibitors reduced PM2.5-induced increases of IL-6 expression. Treatment of OASFs with PM2.5 promoted phosphorylation of these signaling cascades. We also found that PM2.5 enhanced c-Jun phosphorylation and its translocation into the nucleus. Thus, PM2.5 increases IL-6 production in human OASFs via the ROS, ASK1, ERK, p38, JNK, and AP-1 signaling pathways. Our evidence links PM2.5 with OA progression.


Assuntos
Fibroblastos/patologia , Interleucina-6/biossíntese , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinase 5/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/enzimologia , Osteoartrite/patologia , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Membrana Sinovial/patologia , Ativação Enzimática/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Humanos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Biológicos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição AP-1/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
J Cancer ; 11(24): 7253-7263, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33193889

RESUMO

Recently, ambient air particulate matter (PM) has been shown to increase the risk of oral cancer. The most common malignant tumor in the oral cavity is oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Recent studies have revealed that surfactin, a cyclic lipopeptide generated by Bacillus subtilis, has anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties. However, the exact anti-cancer effects of surfactin on human OSCC and underlying molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. In the present study, we found that treatment of SCC4 and SCC25 cells (human OSCC cell lines) with surfactin reduced the viability of SCC4 and SCC25 cells by induction of apoptosis. Surfactin-induced apoptosis was associated with caspase activation and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage and was regulated by the mitochondrial pathway, exemplified by mitochondrial depolarization, mitochondrial-derived reactive oxidative species (ROS) production, cytochrome c release, up-regulation of Bad and Bax, and down-regulation of Bcl-2. Surfactin induced NADPH oxidase-dependent ROS generation, which appeared essential for the activation of the mitochondrial pathway. Surfactin-induced mitochondrial-derived ROS generation was associated with JNK1/2 activation. After treatment with surfactin, ROS caused JNK1/2-dependent cell death of SCC4 and SCC25 cells. Taken together, our findings suggest that surfactin induces mitochondria associated apoptosis of human OSCC cell lines, and surfactin may be a potential chemotherapeutic agent for future OSCC treatment.

19.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 39(1): 254, 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33228783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteosarcoma is generally reported among younger individuals and has a very poor prognosis, particularly for the development of metastasis. However, more effective metastatic biomarkers and therapeutic methods are absent. Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is involved in cancer progression and inflammatory recruitment. Although previous studies have reported higher serum MCP-1 levels in patients with osteosarcoma, the role of MCP-1 in osteosarcoma progression remains to be addressed. METHODS: The osteosarcoma cell migratory ability was assessed by transwell migration assay. The MCP-1 and MMP-9 expression levels were analyzed by Western blot and qPCR. The signal activation was conducted by Western blot. The in vivo mouse experiment and tumor tissue array were performed to confirm our findings in vitro. RESULTS: The present study demonstrates that MCP-1 regulates cell mobility through matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 expression in osteosarcoma cells. Moreover, MCP-1 promotes MMP-9 expression, cell migration, and cell invasion by mediating CCR2, c-Raf, MAPK, and AP-1 signal transduction. Using MCP-1 knockdown stable cell lines, we found that MCP-1 knockdown reduces MMP-9 expression and cell mobility. Finally, we found high MCP-1 expression levels in osteosarcoma specimens. CONCLUSIONS: Our results provide prognostic value of MCP-1 in osteosarcoma by promoting MMP-9 expression.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/metabolismo , Quimiocina CCL2/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Osteossarcoma/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-raf/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição AP-1/metabolismo , Animais , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Células HEK293 , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos SCID , Osteossarcoma/patologia , Prognóstico , Transfecção
20.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 251, 2020 10 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33087182

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are common joint disorders that are considered to be different diseases due to their unique molecular mechanisms and pathogenesis. Chemokines and their corresponding receptors have been well characterized in RA progression, but less so in OA pathogenesis. METHODS: The human primary synovial fibroblasts (SFs) were obtained from human OA and RA tissue samples. The Western blot and qPCR were performed to analyze the expression levels of CXCL1, as well as CXCL-promoted IL-6 expression in both OASFs and RASFs. The signal cascades that mediate the CXCL1-promoted IL-6 expression were identified by using chemical inhibitors, siRNAs, and shRNAs. RESULTS: Here, we found that both diseases feature elevated levels of CXCL1 and interleukin (IL)-6, an important proinflammatory cytokine that participates in OA and RA pathogenesis. In OASFs and RASFs, CXCL1 promoted IL-6 expression in a dose- and time-dependent manner. In OASFs and RASFs overexpressing CXCL1 or transduced with shRNA plasmid, IL-6 expression was markedly upregulated. CXCR2, c-Raf, and MAPKs were found to regulate CXCL1-induced IL-6 expression in OASFs and RASFs. Finally, CXCL1 triggered the transcriptional activities of c-Jun (which regulates the expression of proinflammatory proteins) in OASFs and RASFs. CONCLUSIONS: Our present work suggests that the CXCL1/CXCR2 axis helps to orchestrate inflammatory responses in OA and RA SFs.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Osteoartrite , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Células Cultivadas , Quimiocina CXCL1/genética , Fibroblastos , Humanos , Interleucina-6/genética , Osteoartrite/genética , Membrana Sinovial , Fator de Transcrição AP-1
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