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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 856(Pt 1): 158883, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36419275

RESUMO

Pyrite is a typical sulfide mineral which contains various potentially toxic metal(loid)s (PTMs). The pyrite smelting and subsequent industrial utilization activities usually release numerous amounts of PTMs into nearby ecosystem, which may be enriched in the nearby farmland soils and crops, leading to hidden but irreversible harm to human health via the food chain. Herein, the distribution pattern, source apportionment, and potential health risks of Pb, Zn, Cu, Cd and multiple seldom monitored PTMs (Ag, Bi, Sb, Sr, Th, U, W, and V) in the paddy soils and different organs of the rice plants from ten various sites in a typical industrial zone were investigated, where pyrite ores were used for the production of sulfuric acid and subsequent cement over several decades. The results showed that the contents of Cd, Pb and Zn in studied paddy soils generally exceeded the maximum permissible level (MPL) in China, and the contents of Sb and V were approaching the MPL. Moreover, the rice is easier to bioaccumulate Cd, Cu, and Zn than the other studied elements. The hazard quotient (HQ) calculations indicate that the rice containing such multiple elements may cause a high potential non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic health risk for residents, particularly for the senior group. The Pb isotope tracing method combined with PCA (principal component analysis) further uncovered that the pyrite industrial utilization contributed 18.58-55.41 % to the highly enriched PTMs in paddy soils. All these findings indicate that the paddy soil system has been contaminated by the pyrite industrial activities and certain distances or areas should be rigidly forbidden from rice cultivation in the proximity of the pyrite smelting and related industrial sites.


Assuntos
Oryza , Humanos , Solo , Chumbo , Ecossistema , Cádmio , Isótopos , Intoxicação por Metais Pesados , China , Cadeia Alimentar
2.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 221: 112957, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36332312

RESUMO

A novel n-p ß-Bi2O3@BiOI core/shell heterostructure was successfully constructed by a facile ultrasonication method. SEM, TEM, XRD and XPS confirmed the core/shell structure. UV-vis indicated the composite had good absorption of visible light. Photocurrent and electrochemical impedance analysis (EIS) revealed effective electron (e-) and hole (h+) separation efficiency in the core/shell hybrid structure, which induced a significantly improved photocatalytic activity. The ß-Bi2O3@BiOI photocatalyst effectively treated with Escherichia coli (E. coli), Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and bisphenol A (BPA) under LED light, and presented better photocatalytic antibacterial performance than ß-Bi2O3 and BiOI. Trapping experiment revealed that h+ played an important role in photocatalytic reaction. The present work provided a novel LED light-activated photocatalyst that was efficient for antibacterial application.


Assuntos
Bismuto , Staphylococcus aureus , Bismuto/química , Catálise , Escherichia coli , Luz , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química
3.
Environ Res ; 216(Pt 3): 114627, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36336095

RESUMO

Thallium (Tl) is a rare and extremely toxic metal whose toxicity is significantly higher than cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) and antimony (Sb). The extensive utilization of Tl-bearing minerals, such as mining activities, has led to severe Tl pollution in a variety of natural settings, while little is known to date about its effect on the microbial diversity in paddy soils. Also, the geochemical behavior of Tl in the periodical alterations between dry and wet conditions of paddy soils remains largely unknown. Herein, the sequential extraction method and 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis were adopted to analyze Tl's migration and transformation behavior and the microbial diversity in the paddy soils with different pollution levels. The results indicated that Tl was mainly concentrated in reducible fraction, which is different from other types of soils, and may be closely attributed to the abundance of Fe-Mn (hydr)oxides in the paddy rhizospheric soils. Further analysis revealed that pH, total S, Pb, Sb, Tl and Cd were the dominant environmental factors, and the enrichment level of these potentially toxic metal(loid)s (PTMs) exerted obvious impacts on the diversity and abundance of microorganism in the rhizospheric soils, and regulating microbial community. The geochemical fractionation of Tl was closely correlated to soil microorganisms such as Fe reducing bacteria (Geothrix) and sulfate reducing bacteria (Anaerolinea), playing a critical role in Tl geochemical cycle through redox reaction. Hence, further study on microorganisms of paddy rhizospheric soils is of great significance to the countermeasures for remediating Tl-polluted paddy fields and protect the health of residents.


Assuntos
Poluentes do Solo , Tálio , Tálio/análise , Tálio/química , Tálio/toxicidade , Solo/química , Poluentes do Solo/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Cádmio/análise , Chumbo/análise , Sulfetos
4.
Sci Total Environ ; 857(Pt 3): 159596, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36280073

RESUMO

An oxalate-doped hydroxyapatite (O-HAP) was hydrothermally synthesized for aqueous lead (Pb) removal based on the solubility-limiting ability of oxalate and phosphate over pH range 4-9. Free Pb2+ activities in oxalate and/or phosphate systems were controlled by oxalate to form soluble ion pairs Pb-Ox (aq) and Pb-Ox22- at pH 4-7 while in preference to persist as PbHPO4 (aq) when pH ≥ 8. Both phosphate and oxalate exhibited excellent efficiency in reducing Pb solubility, causing over 99 % of Pb precipitated from solution following oxalate < oxalate-phosphate < phosphate. The Visual MINTEQ model overestimated dissolved Pb and free Pb2+ in nearly all of the reaction systems due to the ill-defined stability constants and solubility products for Pb ion-pair formation. The addition of phosphate acting as a buffer in Pb-oxalate systems tended to lessen the spontaneous pH shifts within 24 h to equilibrate proton release from Pb precipitation and hydrolysis, indicating lower solubility products and faster kinetics of Pb-phosphate mineral formation. The TEM-EDS, FTIR and XRD identified a block-shaped Pb-oxalate mineral phase as the only precipitate at acidic pH while substituted by phosphate to form rod-shaped Pb5(PO4)3OH and Pb3(PO4)2 precipitates as pH increased. The optimum hydrothermal conditions of O-HAP were 433 K, pH 9 and P/Ox doping ratio of 0.5 for 24 h. Batch experiments revealed the endothermic process of O-HAP toward Pb with the maximum adsorption capacity reaching 2333 mg/g at a pH of 7, reaction time of 12 h, initial Pb concentration of 600 mg/L and temperature of 308 K, which were best fitted with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and Langmuir isotherm. The synergetic mechanisms of O-HAP for Pb removal involved dissolution-precipitation, adsorption and ion exchange. This study provides an insight in developing effective remediation strategies for heavy metal contamination by interacting between low-molecular-weight organic acids and secondary mineral phases.


Assuntos
Durapatita , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Chumbo , Oxalatos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Compostos Orgânicos , Adsorção , Cinética
5.
J Dermatol ; 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36317385

RESUMO

Nagashima-type palmoplantar keratoderma (NPPK) is the most prevalent hereditary palmoplantar keratoderma (PPK) in China, but there is a paucity of epidemiological data on the Chinese population. To explore the clinical and genetic characteristics, evaluate the demographic distribution, and estimate the burden of disease of NPPK. A total of 234 Chinese patients with NPPK were enrolled from two medical centers and an online PPK support group. Next-generation sequencing and Sanger sequencing were performed to screen out and confirm pathogenic mutations in SERPINB7. Clinical features and quality of life (QOL) were evaluated using self-completed questionnaires. In total, 14 pathogenic mutations were identified in SERPINB7 from the cohort. The top four recurrent mutations were c.796C>T (355, 75.9%), c.522dupT (66, 14.1%), c.650_653delCTGT (24, 5.1%), and c.455G>T (12, 2.6%), accounting for 97.6% of Chinese NPPK patients. Other mutations (11, 2.4%) include c.455-1G>T, c.336+2T>G, c.635delG and seven novel mutations c.2T>C, c.434delG, c.455-16A>G, c.656T>C, c.745-553T>G, c.832C>T, c.1036G>T. The estimated prevalence of NPPK in China was found to be 0.975/10 000 based on Chinese databases. Clinically, there were no apparent genotype-phenotype correlations in NPPK patients. Pediatric patients mainly presented with palmoplantar peeling, while adults presented with scale (p < 0.001). The most common comorbidities in NPPK patients were onychomycosis (40.0%), eczema (36.8%), and tinea pedis (30.3%). As for burden of disease, NPPK patients' QOL was decreased by a moderate degree. In this study, pathogenic mutations' allele frequencies in SERPINB7 were updated, and prevalence of NPPK in China was estimated. This large-scale cohort study provides evidence-based recommendations for patient management. Identification of new mutations are important for timely diagnosis of NPPK. Palmoplantar peeling in children can be used as a hallmark for early recognition of NPPK.

6.
BMC Nurs ; 21(1): 321, 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36419129

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Moral courage as part of the moral competence of nurses has received increasing attention. Determination of the factors affecting moral courage is important in improving the quality of care. The purpose of this study was to investigate moral courage and related factors among frontline nurses from an empowerment perspective. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using data collection instruments comprising four main parts: the self-designed form of demographic characteristics, Conditions for Work Effectiveness II (CWEQ-II), Spreitzer's Psychological Empowerment Scale (PES) and Nurses' Moral Courage Scale (NMCS). Data were collected from 226 nurses in a tertiary hospital between February and March 2022 in Wuhan, the capital city of Hubei Province in central China. Descriptive statistics and multiple linear regression were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: The means of the total scores for the CWEQ-II, PES and the NMCS were 3.52 (SD = 0.69), 3.85 (SD = 0.53) and 3.90 (SD = 0.67), respectively. All the dimensions and the total scores of the CWEQ-II and PES were significantly correlated with the NMCS (p < 0.001). According to the multivariate stepwise regression analysis, CWEQ-II and PES were determined to be factors affecting NMCS. These variables explained 35.9% of the total variance in the moral courage scores of nurses. CONCLUSION: The level of moral courage among nurses is above average. Structural empowerment and psychological empowerment were the key factors affecting the promotion of moral courage. Hospital and organizational administrations should be conscious of the role of attach structural empowerment and psychological empowerment in the nursing workplace in increasing moral courage.

7.
J Hand Surg Glob Online ; 4(6): 399-407, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36420459

RESUMO

Purpose: Wide-Awake Local Anesthesia No Tourniquet (WALANT) is a novel anesthesia technique in distal radius and ankle fracture fixation. However, to date, there are limited studies in diaphyseal plating of forearm fractures under WALANT. This research is to study the feasibility of the use of WALANT technique in plating of diaphyseal fractures of the forearm as well as peri-operative outcomes. Methods: Sixty-one adult patients who underwent diaphyseal plating of the forearm under WALANT between the period of January 2019 and January 2021. It consists of 31 radius fractures, 15 ulna fractures and 15 ipsilateral radius and ulna fractures. Outcomes evaluated were duration of stay, peri-operative numerical pain rating scale, peri-operative blood pressure and heart rate, visual analogue scale for anxiety, blood loss, surgery duration, adverse effect, patient's satisfaction and any complications at 6 months follow up. Results: Fifty-four patients (88.5%) were male and 7 patients (11.5%) were female with a mean age of 31.7 years (SD = 13.564). Thirty-eight out of 61 patients were totally pain free throughout the surgery. Ten (13%) patients reported pain during muscle dissection, 14 (18%) patients reported pain during bone manipulation and 12 (16%) patients reported pain during bone drilling. There was no significant difference in pain score between radius and ulna bones (P > .05). There was a significant change in blood pressure after LA infiltration (P < .01). The mean estimated blood loss was 27.39 ml (SD = 11.44) and the mean duration of post-surgery hospital stay was 1 day (SD = 1.026). Fifty-six patients (92%) recommended diaphyseal plating of the forearm under WALANT. None of the patients required conversion to general anesthesia and had any adverse events or infection during 6 months follow up. Conclusions: Diaphyseal plating of the forearm under WALANT is a feasible alternative anesthesia technique and is well tolerated by patients. Type of study/level of evidence: Therapeutic III.

8.
Nat Biomed Eng ; 2022 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36424464

RESUMO

The cell-surface glycoprotein CD98-a subunit of the LAT1/CD98 amino acid transporter-is an attractive target for cancer immunotherapies, but its widespread expression has hampered the development of CD98-targeting antibody therapeutics. Here we report that an anti-CD98 antibody, identified via the screening of phage-display libraries of CD98 single-chain variable fragments with mutated complementarity-determining regions, preserves the physiological function of CD98 and elicits broad-spectrum crystallizable-fragment (Fc)-mediated anti-tumour activity (requiring Fcγ receptors for immunoglobulins, macrophages, dendritic cells and CD8+ T cells, as well as other components of the innate and adaptive immune systems) in multiple xenograft and syngeneic tumour models established in CD98-humanized mice. We also show that a variant of the anti-CD98 antibody with pH-dependent binding, generated by solving the structure of the antibody-CD98 complex, displayed enhanced tumour-specific activity and pharmacokinetics. pH-dependent antibody variants targeting widely expressed antigens may lead to superior therapeutic outcomes.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36419221

RESUMO

AIM: To explore the associations between endometriosis and different kinds of allergy-related diseases as well as different specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) allergy. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1332 female participants ≥20 years and divided them into the endometriosis group (n = 97) and the nonendometriosis group (n = 1235). The confounders were obtained by comparing the differences of variables in groups. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to analyze the associations between endometriosis and allergy-related diseases as well as different specific IgE allergy. Subgroup analysis were performed in age, body mass index (BMI), and pregnancy history. RESULTS: After adjusting for confounders, increased risk of allergy (odd ratios [OR] = 2.13, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.31-3.47), hay fever (OR = 2.31, 95%CI: 1.32-4.06), and dog-specific IgE (OR = 2.13, 95%CI: 1.03-4.41) were observed in females with endometriosis. Among females aged between 30 and 39 years, the risk of allergy (OR = 3.51, 95%CI: 1.07-11.56), hay fever (OR = 3.26, 95%CI: 1.08-9.83), and dog-specific IgE (OR = 4.39, 95%CI: 1.02-18.88) was increased in patients with endometriosis compared with those without. In terms of females aged 40 to 49 years, the risk of hay fever was increased in patients with endometriosis. For females with BMI of 25-30 kg/m2 , the risk of allergy was increased in patients with endometriosis. Increased risk of allergy, hay fever, and dog-specific IgE was observed in females with a history of pregnancy. CONCLUSION: Endometriosis was associated with higher risk of allergy, hay fever, and dog dander. Special care should be provided for patients with endometriosis for the potential risk of allergy.

10.
Nano Res ; : 1-10, 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36405984

RESUMO

The activation of the stimulating factor of the interferon gene (STING) pathway can enhance the immune response within the tumor. Cyclic diguanylate monophosphate (c-di-GMP) is a negatively charged, hydrophilic STING agonist, however, its effectiveness is limited due to the poor membrane permeability and low bioavailability. Herein, we introduced KL-7 peptide derived from Aß amyloid fibrils that can self-assemble to form nanotubes to load and deliver c-di-GMP, which significantly enhanced c-di-GMP's effectiveness and then exhibited a robust "in situ immunity" to kill melanoma cells. KL-7 peptide nanotube, also called PNT, was loaded with negatively charged c-di-GMP via electrostatic interaction, which prepared a nanocomposite named c-di-GMP-PNT. Treatment of RAW 264.7 cells (leukemia cells in mouse macrophage) with c-di-GMP-PNT markedly stimulated the secretion of IL-6 and INF-ß along with phospho-STING (Ser365) protein expression, indicating the activation of the STING pathway. In the unilateral flank B16-F10 (murine melanoma cells) tumor-bearing mouse model, compared to PNT and c-di-GMP, c-di-GMP-PNT can promote the expression of INF-ß, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1ß. At the same time, up-regulated CD4 and CD8 active T cells kill tumors and enhance the immune response in tumor tissues, resulting in significant inhibition of tumor growth in tumor-bearing mice. More importantly, in a bilateral flank B16-F10 tumor model, both primary and distant tumor growth can also be significantly inhibited by c-di-GMP-PNT. Moreover, c-di-GMP-PNT demonstrated no obvious biological toxicity on the main organs (heart, liver, spleen, lung, and kidney) and biochemical indexes of mice. In summary, our study provides a strategy to overcome the barriers of free c-di-GMP in the tumor microenvironment and c-di-GMP-PNT may be an attractive nanomaterial for anti-tumor immunity. Electronic Supplementary Material: Supplementary material (synthesis and characterization of KL-7 peptide; the encapsulation rate and cumulative release rate of c-di-GMP-PNT; cytotoxicity of PNT, c-di-GMP, and c-di-GMP-PNT; anti-tumor effect of c-di-GMP-PNT (equivalent to 1 and 5 µg c-di-GMP per mouse); representative immunofluorescence images; and biosafety analysis) is available in the online version of this article at 10.1007/s12274-022-5102-z.

12.
Front Oncol ; 12: 959502, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36408132

RESUMO

Lung adenocarcinoma, the most common subtype of lung cancer, has been always imposed serious threat to human health. Congenital pulmonary dysplasia (CPD) lacking typical clinical manifestations is a rare developmental anomaly. Pulmonary aplasia, the rarest subtype of CPD, may present with a variety of symptoms and is frequently associated with other abnormalities. This report describes an 81-year-old woman who presented with an irritant cough. Chest computed tomography (CT) and three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction revealed an irregular mass with a diameter of 5 cm in right lower lobe adjacent to the hilum. CT also indicated a rightward mediastinal shift and the complete absence of ipsilateral upper lobar tissue with bronchus ending in a terminal cecum, resulting in a diagnosis of pulmonary aplasia. The patient accepted lobectomy and lymph node dissection without complication, histopathologic examination combined HE staining with immunohistochemistry identified the tumor as adenocarcinoma. Three months after surgery, the patient was free of respiratory symptoms without chest pain. This report highlights the necessity of comprehensive evaluation for lung malignancy concurrent with CPD and the importance of identifying the diagnosis of pulmonary dysplasia.

13.
Mol Neurobiol ; 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36371572

RESUMO

The therapeutic application of neural stem cells (NSCs) in the central nerve system (CNS) injury is a promising strategy for combating irreversible neuronal loss. However, a variety of obvious inflammatory responses following nerve injury rapidly create an unfavorable microenvironment for survival and neuronal differentiation of NSCs in lesion area, limiting the efficacy of NSC-based therapy for CNS injury. It remained unknown how to effectively increase the neuronal differentiation efficiency of NSCs through transplantation. Here, we demonstrated that curcumin (CCM)-activated olfactory ensheathing cells (aOECs) effectively promoted neuronal differentiation of NSCs in the activated microglial inflammatory condition, and co-transplantation of aOECs and NSCs improved neurological recovery of rats after spinal cord injury (SCI), as evidenced by higher expression levels of neuronal markers and lower expression levels of glial markers in the differentiated cells, greater number of Tuj-1-positive cells as well as higher Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan (BBB) locomotor scale, compared to the corresponding controls. Pathologically, hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining and immunostaining also showed that aOECs remarkably enhanced the in vivo neuronal differentiation of NSCs and migration, and nerve repair. Further analysis revealed that the underlying mechanisms of aOECs potentiating the neuronal conversion of NSCs under inflammatory environment were tightly associated with up-regulation of anti-inflammatory cytokines and neurotrophic factors in OECs, and importantly, the activation of Wnt3/ß-catenin pathway was likely involved in the mechanisms underlying the observed cellular events. Therefore, this study provides a promising strategy for SCI repair by co-transplantation of aOECs and NSCs.

14.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2022 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36326454

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Improving rice quality is one of the main goals of global rice breeding programs, and rice protein content is one of the most important factors affecting rice eating quality. The protein content of rice is mainly determined by genetic factors and also affected by environmental factors. However, the differences and regional distribution of protein content during the evolution of different rice varieties are still unclear. RESULTS: The purpose of this study was to understand the differences in grain protein content of 706 rice accessions in different regions and different rice subtypes. The influencing factors of grain protein content differences were analyzed from the perspectives of genetic characteristics, environment, rice subtypes, and breeding process. The results showed that the grain protein content of indica rice in most countries and regions was higher than that of japonica rice. From the perspective of the rice breeding process, the protein content of modern varieties in japonica was lower than that of landrace varieties. In most countries, modern varieties of indica rice had higher protein content than landrace varieties did. CONCLUSION: The environment and genetic characteristics caused the change in the protein content of rice. This study has improved our understanding of the differences in protein content of rice from different rice varieties. © 2022 Society of Chemical Industry.

16.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36402885

RESUMO

Pathological conditions and harmful drugs cause many gastrointestinal diseases in broiler chicken. The current study was conducted to investigate the effect of trace elements zinc (Zn) and selenium (Se) supplementation on histomorphology, immunological role, and functional activity of goblet cells (GCs) of the small intestine. The Alcian blue-periodic acid-Schiff (AB-PAS) was performed to assess the histomorphological changes in GCs, which revealed the regular dispersion with high electron density of GCs throughout the mucosal surface in the supplemented group. However, irregular dispersion with low electron density of GCs was present in the control group. The immunological functional role of GCs within the small intestine was examined by mucicarmine staining, immunohistochemistry, and immunofluorescence. The results showed a high mucin glycol protein secretion in the supplemented group, whereas limited mucin glycol protein secretion in the control group. Furthermore, the biological significance showed a high and low immunoreactivity of Muc2 and Muc13 in the supplemented and control groups, respectively. Immunofluorescence was used to confirm the immunosignaling of Muc2. Results revealed high immunosignaling of Muc2 at the apical part of the small intestine in the supplementation group, while low immunosignaling of Muc2 in the control group. Results suggest that trace element supplementation had significant effect on morphology and immunological role of GCs, which might be essential for immune function and health status of broiler chicken.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36361445

RESUMO

Radiological aspects such as natural radioactivity of 238U, 232Th, 226Ra, 40K combined with potentially toxic metal(loid) (PTM) distribution features were seldom simultaneously investigated in rare earth element (REE) processing activities. This work was designed to investigate the distribution levels of natural radioactivity, air-absorbed dose rate of γ radiation as well as PTMs at a typical REE plant in Guangdong, China. Ambient soils around REE processing facilities were sampled, measured and assessed. The natural radioactivity of radionuclides of the samples was determined using a high-purity germanium γ-energy spectrometer while the air-absorbed dose rate of γ radiation was measured at a height of 1 m above the ground using a portable radiometric detector. The PTM content was measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The results showed that the specific activities of the radionuclides ranged from 80.8 to 1990.2, 68.2 to 6935.0, 78.4 to 14,372.4, and 625.4 to 2698.4 Bq·kg-1 for 238U, 226Ra, 232Th, and 40K, respectively, representing overwhelmingly higher activity concentrations than worldwide soil average natural radioactivity. The radium equivalent activity and external hazard index of most samples exceeded the limits of 370 Bq·kg-1 and 1, respectively. The measured air-absorbed dose rate of γ radiation was in a range of 113~4004 nGy·h-1, with most sites displaying comparatively higher values than that from some other REE-associated industrial sites referenced. The content levels of PTMs of Cu, Ni, Zn, Mn, Pb, Cd, Cr, and As were 0.7~37.2, 1.8~16.9, 20.4~2070.5, 39.4~431.3, 2.3~1411.5, 0.1~0.7, 6.7~526.1, and 59.5~263.8 mg·kg-1, respectively. It is important to note that the PTM contents in the studied soil samples were 2.1~5.4 times higher for Zn-As and 1.4 times higher for Pb than the third level of the China soil standard while 2.5~13 times higher for Zn-As and 1.2 times higher for Pb than Canadian industry standard. The findings call for subsequent site remediation to secure the ecological environment and human health after the REE processing plant was decommissioned.


Assuntos
Metais Terras Raras , Monitoramento de Radiação , Radioatividade , Rádio (Elemento) , Poluentes Radioativos do Solo , Humanos , Solo/química , Chumbo/análise , Canadá , Rádio (Elemento)/análise , Poluentes Radioativos do Solo/análise , Radioisótopos/análise , Metais Terras Raras/análise , Monitoramento de Radiação/métodos , Espectrometria gama , Radioisótopos de Potássio/análise , Tório/análise
18.
Hum Genomics ; 16(1): 54, 2022 11 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36348440

RESUMO

Age-related diseases account for almost half of all diseases among adults worldwide, and their incidence is substantially affected by the exposome, which is the sum of all exogenous and endogenous environmental exposures and the human body's response to these exposures throughout the entire lifespan. Herein, we perform a comprehensive review of the epidemiological literature to determine the key elements of the exposome that affect the development of age-related diseases and the roles of aging hallmarks in this process. We find that most exposure assessments in previous aging studies have used a reductionist approach, whereby the effect of only a single environmental factor or a specific class of environmental factors on the development of age-related diseases has been examined. As such, there is a lack of a holistic and unbiased understanding of the effect of multiple environmental factors on the development of age-related diseases. To address this, we propose several research strategies based on an exposomic framework that could advance our understanding-in particular, from a mechanistic perspective-of how environmental factors affect the development of age-related diseases. We discuss the statistical methods and other methods that have been used in exposome-wide association studies, with a particular focus on multiomics technologies. We also address future challenges and opportunities in the realm of multidisciplinary approaches and genome-exposome epidemiology. Furthermore, we provide perspectives on precise public health services for vulnerable populations, public communications, the integration of risk exposure information, and the bench-to-bedside translation of research on age-related diseases.


Assuntos
Expossoma , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Envelhecimento/genética
19.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 949841, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36386349

RESUMO

Aims: We sought to objectively assess left ventricular myocardial work (MW) parameters after right ventricular septal pacing (VSP) and His-Purkinje system area pacing (HPSAP) procedures. Materials and methods: Patients undergoing double-chamber pacemaker implantation for III-degree atrioventricular block (III° AVB) were assessed 1 year after implantation. VSP and HPSAP groups (20 and 23 patients, respectively) were compared against 40 healthy age-matched volunteers. Two-dimensional ultrasound speckle tracking imaging was used to obtain the global myocardial work index (GWI), global myocardial work efficiency (GWE), global myocardial constructive work (GCW), global myocardial wasted work (GWW), left ventricular stratified strain, and peak strain dispersion (PSD). Results: GWI, GWE, and GCW parameters were improved in HPSAP compared to VSP, while GWW was significantly larger in the VSP group compared to the HPSAP group (all p < 0.05). HPSAP outperformed the VSP group in comparisons of global left ventricular longitudinal strain and stratified strain. Compared to controls, the GCW of all segmental myocardium (17/17 segments) in the VSP group was significantly reduced, while 70.59% (12/17 segments) in the HPSAP group was lower than the control group. GCW in the left ventricular segment of the HPSAP group was bigger than the VSP group (29.41%; 5/17 segments) and mainly concentrated in the ventricular septum and inferior wall. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that HPSAP performance outcomes are improved over VSP after 1 year, especially in left ventricular contractile synchrony, and HPSAP is beneficial to the effective myocardial work of the left ventricle.

20.
Neuroscience ; 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36395917

RESUMO

Memory impairment is one of the neuropsychological effects of hypobaric hypoxia (HH), which can be associated with programmed cell death, such as apoptosis and ferroptosis. Emerging evidence indicates crosstalk between apoptosis and ferroptosis, while the crosstalk between HH-induced apoptosis and ferroptosis in the hippocampus has not been clarified. Here, microarray profiles were extracted to analyze the differentially expressed genes with and without HH exposure, and keratin 18 (Krt18) was found to be a potential gene related to both apoptosis and ferroptosis. Then, we conducted morphological observations that showed that apoptosis and ferroptosis coexisted in the rat hippocampus after HH exposure. Combined with the real-time q-PCR analysis, the mRNA expression of Krt18 decreased significantly after HH exposure for 1 day and 3 days, and Mapk10 (JNK3) was upregulated at the corresponding time points. After exposure for 7 days, Krt18 and JNK3 showed no significant change. In conclusion, Krt18 may regulate apoptosis and ferroptosis simultaneously, possibly via the JNK signaling pathway, which might provide a potential central target for apoptosis and ferroptosis in hippocampal injury after HH exposure.

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