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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 282: 114645, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530094

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Essential oil (EO) is the main extract of patchouli and tangerine peel with antiinflammatory, antiulcer, and other functions. However, the efficacy and mechanism of the combination of EO from patchouli and tangerine peel against gastric ulcer (GU) are unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aims to reveal the protective effect of the combination of EO from patchouli and tangerine peel against GU in rats, as well as explore the optimal ratio and possible mechanism of EO in GU treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The GU model is executed via water immersion and restraint stress. The repair effect of EO in different proportions on gastric mucosa injury and the effects on serum gastrin (GAS), pepsinogen C (PGC), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and 5-hydroxytryptamine in GU rats were observed. The optimal ratio obtained was used in the second part to set different dose groups for further experiment. The effects of the different EO doses on gastric mucosal ulcer formation and gastric acid secretion were evaluated. The morphology of chief and parietal cells were observed via transmission electron microscopy. The contents of GAS, PGC, substance P (SP), cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), cholecystokinin (CCK), PGE2, and motilin (MTL) in serum in different groups were detected via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Expressions of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and trefoil factor 2 (TFF2) protein in gastric tissues were detected via immunohistochemistry, and expressions of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), P53, Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax), and Caspase-3 protein in gastric tissues were detected via western blotting. RESULTS: The EO from patchouli and tangerine peel at 1:2 ratio of compatibility significantly improved gastric mucosal injury, decreased serum GAS and PGC contents, and increased the PGE2 level in serum (p < 0.05). The mixture of EO from patchouli and tangerine peel (Mix-EO) can reduce the formation of gastric mucosal ulcers, reduce gastric mucosal injury, improve the expansion of the endoplasmic reticulum of the chief cells, repair mitochondrial damage, and inhibit the secretion of gastric acid by parietal cells. Mix-EO at 300 mg/kg can reduce the expression of serum GAS, PGC, SP, CCK, and cAMP/cGMP (p < 0.05 or 0.01); increase the expression of EGF and TFF2 protein in gastric tissues (p < 0.01); and inhibit the expression of JNK, p53, Bax, and Caspase-3 proteins (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The combination of EO from patchouli and tangerine peel can repair the gastric mucosal damage in GU rats and prevent the occurrence of ulcers by inhibiting the secretion of gastric acid, enhancing the defensive ability of gastric mucosa, and suppressing the apoptosis of gastric epithelial cells. Moreover, the optimal compatible ratio of patchouli and tangerine peel is 1:2.

2.
Talanta ; 236: 122885, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635265

RESUMO

Domoic acid, namely amnesic shellfish toxin, is a highly neurotoxic substance to marine animals and humankind. To reduce the incidence of poisoning accidents, the exploitation of specific and rapid detection method for domoic acid monitoring is highly required. Herein, an electrochemical molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) sensor based on polydopamine-reduced graphene oxide/polyacrylamide composite (PDA-rGO/PAM) was constructed successfully to detect domoic acid. The domoic acid molecule could be recognized in imprinted cavities of PAM reversibly through hydrogen bonding. PDA-rGO promoted the loading capacity of PAM and improved the charge transfer rate, which amplified the electrical signal response of the MIP sensor. The screen-printed electrode (SPE) modified with PDA-rGO/PAM displayed satisfactory response toward toxin contaminated sample at a linear range from 1 to 600 nM and a low detection limit of 0.31 nM, demonstrating the prospective application of the transducer as a portable sensing platform for the on-site detection of hazardous marine biotoxin. Moreover, benefiting from the superior specificity and stability of MIP, the fabricated sensor could be utilized to detect the domoic acid content in mussel extracts directly without complex pretreatment operation.


Assuntos
Impressão Molecular , Resinas Acrílicas , Animais , Grafite , Indóis , Ácido Caínico/análogos & derivados , Limite de Detecção , Polímeros
3.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 605: 685-700, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365305

RESUMO

Hydroxyapatite (HAP) is the major mineral phase in bone and teeth. The interaction of individual amino acids and citrate ions with different crystallographic HAP surfaces has remained uncertain for decades, creating a knowledge gap to rationally design interactions with peptides, proteins, and drugs. In this contribution, we quantify the binding mechanisms and binding free energies of the 20 end-capped natural amino acids and citrate ions on the basal (001) and prismatic (010)/(020) planes of hydroxyapatite at pH values of 7 and 5 for the first time at the molecular scale. We utilized over 1500 steered molecular dynamics simulations with highly accurate potentials that reproduce surface and hydration energies of (hkl) hydroxyapatite surfaces at different pH values. Charged residues demonstrate a much higher affinity to HAP than charge-neutral species due to the formation of superficial ion pairs and ease of penetration into layers of water molecules on the mineral surface. Binding free energies range from 0 to -60 kJ/mol and were determined with ∼ 10% uncertainty. The highest affinity was found for citrate, followed by Asp(-) and Glu(-), and followed after a gap by Arg(+), Lys(+), as well as by His(+) at pH 5. The (hkl)-specific area density of calcium ions, the protonation state of phosphate ions, and subsurface directional order of the ions in HAP lead to surface-specific binding patterns. Amino acids without ionic side groups exhibit weak binding, between -3 and 0 kJ/mol, due to difficulties to penetrate the first layer of water molecules on the apatite surfaces. We explain recognition processes that remained elusive in experiments, in prior simulations, discuss agreement with available data, and reconcile conflicting interpretations. The findings can serve as useful input for the design of peptides, proteins, and drug molecules for the modification of bone and teeth-related materials, as well as control of apatite mineralization.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos , Durapatita , Ácido Cítrico , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Água
4.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 265: 120390, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536889

RESUMO

Excited-state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) has recently received considerable attention due to its dual fluorescent changes and large Stokes shift. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a gas signal molecule that plays important roles in modulating the functions of different systems. Herein, by modifying 2-(2́-hydroxyphenyl) benzothiazole (HBT) scaffold, a novel near-infrared mitochondria-targeted fluorescent probe HBTP-H2S has been rationally designed based on excited-state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) effect. The nucleophilic addition reaction of the H2S with probe HBTP-H2S caused the break of the conjugated skeleton, resulting the shifting of maximum emission peak from 658 nm to 470 nm. HBTP-H2S showed fast-response response time, good selectivity and a large Stokes shift (188 nm) toward H2S. Most importantly, inspired by the inherent advantages of the probe, HBTP-H2S was successfully employed to monitor mitochondrial H2S in HepG2 cells.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Mitocôndrias , Prótons
5.
Sci Total Environ ; 803: 150036, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525718

RESUMO

Thallium (Tl) is a highly toxic trace metal. Lead (Pb)­zinc (Zn) smelting, which is a pillar industry in various countries, is regarded as one of the dominant anthropogenic sources of Tl contamination in the environment. In this study, thallium isotope data have been evaluated for raw material and a set of industrial wastes produced at different stages of Pb-Zn smelting in a representative large facility located by the North River, South China, in order to capture Tl isotope signatures of such typical anthropogenic origin for laying the foundation of tracking Tl pollution. Large variations in Tl isotopic compositions of raw Pb-Zn ores and solid smelting wastes produced along the process chain were observed. The ε205Tl values of raw Pb-Zn ores and return fines are -0.87 ± 0.26 and -1.0 ± 0.17, respectively, contrasted by increasingly more negative values for electrostatic precipitator dust (ε205Tl = -2.03 ± 0.14), lime neutralizing slag (ε205Tl = -2.36 ± 0.18), and acid sludge (ε205Tl = -4.62 ± 0.76). The heaviest ε205Tl (1.12 ± 0.51) was found in clinker. These results show that isotopic fractionation occurs during the smelting processes. Obviously, the lighter Tl isotope is enriched in the vapor phase (-3.75 ε205Tl units). Further XPS and STEM-EDS analyses show that Tl isotope fractionation conforms to the Rayleigh fractionation model, and adsorption of 205Tl onto hematite (Fe2O3) may play an important role in the enrichment of the heavier Tl isotope. The findings demonstrate that Tl isotope analysis is a robust tool to aid our understanding of Tl behavior in smelting processes and to provide a basis for source apportionment of Tl contaminations.


Assuntos
Tálio , Zinco , Monitoramento Ambiental , Resíduos Industriais , Isótopos/análise , Chumbo , Tálio/análise
6.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt A): 126997, 2022 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474370

RESUMO

Thallium (Tl) is an extremely toxic metal, while its occurrence and fate in paddy soil environment remain understudied. Herein, the enrichment and migration mechanisms and potential health risks of Tl and metal(loid)s were evaluated in paddy soils surrounding an industrial park utilizing Tl-bearing minerals. The results showed that Tl contamination was evident (0.63-3.16 mg/kg) in the paddy soils and Tl was generally enriched in root of rice (Oryza sativa L.) with a mean content of 1.27 mg/kg. A remarkably high level of Tl(III) (30-50%) was observed in the paddy soils. Further analyses by STEM-EDS and XPS indicated that Tl(I) in the paddy soils was jointly controlled by adsorption, oxidation, and precipitation of Fe/Mn(hydr)oxide (e.g. hematite and birnessite), which might act as important stabilization mechanisms for inhibiting potential Tl uptake by rice grains. The health quotient (HQ) values indicated a potentially high Tl risk for inhabitants via consumption of the rice grains. Therefore, it is critical to establish effective measures for controlling the discharge of Tl-containing waste and wastewater from different industrial activities to ensure food safety in the rice paddy soils.

7.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt A): 127080, 2022 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523503

RESUMO

Thallium (Tl) is a trace metal with high toxicity. Comprehensive investigation of spatial distribution of Tl and microorganism is still limited in soils from mining area. In this study, 16S rRNA sequencing and network analysis were used for deciphering the co-occurrence patterns of bacterial communities in two different types of soil profiles around a typical Tl-bearing pyrite mine. The results showed that geochemical parameters (such as pH, S, Tl, Fe and TOM) were the driving forces for shaping the vertical distribution of microbial community. According to network analysis, a wide diversity of microbial modules were present in both soil profiles and affected by depth, significantly associated with variations in Tl geochemical fractionation. Phylogenetic information further unveiled that the microbial modules were mainly dominated by Fe reducing bacteria (FeRB), Fe oxidizing bacteria (FeOB), S oxidizing bacteria and Mn reducing bacteria. The results of metagenome indicated that Fe, Mn and S cycle in soil are closely involved in the biogeochemical cycle of Tl. The findings of co-occurrence patterns in the bacterial network and correlation between microorganisms and different geochemical fractions of Tl may benefit the strategy of bioremediation of Tl-contaminated soils with indigenous microbes.

8.
Thorac Cancer ; 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34741433

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of short state homeobox 2 (SHOX2) promoter methylation as biomarker for lung cancer identification through aggregating the open published data. METHODS: We did an electronic search in Pubmed, EMBASE, Ovid, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) to identify the publications related to SHOX2 promoter methylation and lung cancer. The diagnostic performance of sensitivity (SEN), specificity (SPE), odds ratio (DOR), and summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) cure were aggregated by fixed or random effect model. Fagan's nomogram was used to investigate the post-test diagnostic probability. Deek's funnel plot and line regression test was applied to evaluate the publication bias. RESULTS: In total, 18 clinical studies about SHOX2 promoter methylation and lung cancer were included in the meta-analysis. The combined diagnostic SEN, SPE, DOR were 0.63 (95% CI = 0.54-0.70), 0.91 (95% CI = 0.87-0.94), and 16.84 (95% CI = 11.18-25.36) in random effect model respectively. The pooled area under the curve (AUC) of SROC was 0.88 (95% CI = 0.84-0.90). The post-test probability of lung cancer was 88% and 29% when SHOX2 methylated and unmethylated in humoral components given a pre-test probability of 50%. Deek's funnel plot and regression test indicated no publication bias (p = 0.62). CONCLUSION: SHOX2 promoter methylation in humoral components may be a potential biomarker for lung cancer diagnosis with relative high diagnostic specificity.

9.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 755233, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34745062

RESUMO

We determined the prevalence and transmission characteristics of mcr-1-positive Escherichia coli (MCRPEC) isolates from migratory birds Anser indicus in Guangdong, China. We identified 22 MCRPEC from 303 A. indicus fecal samples (7.3%) in Guangzhou, Zhaoqing, and Futian. The mcr-1 gene coexisted with 24 other types of antibiotic resistance genes (ARG), and 11 ARGs were highly prevalent at levels >50%. The MCRPEC displayed a diversity of sequence types (ST), and 19 distinct STs were identified with ST10, ST1146, and ST1147 as the most prevalent. In addition, these MCRPEC from birds were closely related phylogenetically to those from other sources in China. Whole-genome sequencing analysis demonstrated that mcr-1 was located on IncX4 (n=9, 40.9%), IncI2 (n=5, 22.7%) and IncP (n=1, 4.5%) plasmids and the latter shared an identical plasmid backbone with other sources. These results highlight the significance of migratory birds in the transmission of antibiotic resistance and provide powerful evidence that migratory birds are potential transmitters of antibiotic resistance.

10.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755290

RESUMO

Chinese medicines (CM) are gaining more attentions from all over the world. However, there are a large body of questions to be answered because of the chemical complexity of CM and intricate molecular reactions within human body. In recent years, gut microbiota and metabolomics have emerged as two cynosures in deciphering the mechanisms of how our body is functioning. Since gut microbiota and host is a closely interrelated system, paying attention only to gut microbiota or metabolites may omit the interplays among CM, gut microbiota, and hosts. To systemically study these interplays, a network understanding of CM components, gut microbiota, metabolites of gut microbiota, metabolites in human body is necessary. Although there are some obstacles impeding the application of this integrative approach, the potential areas for implementation of the integrative approach is vast. These areas include, but not limited to, elucidating the mechanisms of CM at system level, screening bioactive compounds in CM, and guiding quality control of CM.

11.
J Hazard Mater ; : 127594, 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763928

RESUMO

Thallium(Tl), an extremely toxic metal, is posing great hazards to water safety through anthropogenic activities (e.g., Pb-Zn smelter) and natural weathering in riverine systems. However, the relative contribution from each source remains obscure. This study investigated enrichment pattern of Tl and its isotopic compositions in sediment profiles from a recipient river, which was continuously collecting various Tl-bearing wastes discharged from a large Pb-Zn smelter in South China. Results show that high Tl content and ultra-fine particles (~ µm) of Tl-bearing mineral assemblages, probably derived from Pb-Zn smelting wastes, were ubiquitously observed in both of the depth profiles. In addition, the sediments generally yielded intermediate ε205Tl values of -3.76 to 1.01, which resembled those found in smelting wastes. A ternary mixing model was for the first time proposed for quantifying relative Tl contributions from each possible source. The calculation suggests that the smelter wastes are the major contributors, contributing approximately 80% of Tl contamination. All these results indicate that Tl isotope can be used as powerful proxies for quantitatively identifying potential different contributors in the environment. This is of critical importance to further implementation of pollution control and remediation strategy for the riverine systems in the near future.

12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(20): 5185-5193, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738418

RESUMO

Quercetin is a naturally occurring phytochemical with good bioactivity, which mainly exists in the form of glycoside in vegetables, fruits, tea, and wine and exhibits beneficial health effects. Quercetin is a dietary polyphenol that exerts the protective effects through diet or use as a food supplement. Compared with chemical agents, quercetin is widely available and safe. Quercetin has been extensively studied for its anti-diabetic, anti-hypertensive, anti-Alzheimer's disease, anti-arthritic, anti-influenza virus, anti-microbial infection, anti-aging, autophagy-regulating, and cardiovascular protective effects. Studies on its activities against different can-cer cell lines have also been reported recently. However, the poor water solubility, rapid in vivo metabolism, and short half-life of quercetin have led to its low bioavailability, thus limiting its application in the field of medicine. Quercetin nanoparticles and nanoparticle drug delivery system have been effectively utilized for enhancing its bioavailability. This paper reviewed the therapeutic potential of quercetin from both preclinical and clinical aspects and proposed solutions to improve its bioavailability, so as to provide a reference for the therapeutic application of natural compounds in the field of medicine.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Quercetina , Disponibilidade Biológica , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Solubilidade
13.
Int J Cardiol ; 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736980

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the diagnostic performance of stress cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) T1-mapping for the detection of coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) by correlating microvascular density (MVD) and collagen volume fraction (CVF) with T1 response to adenosine triphosphate (ATP) stress (stress ΔT1) in rabbits. METHODS: Twenty-four New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into the CMD group induced by microembolization spheres (n = 10), sham-operated group (n = 5), and control group (n = 9). All rabbits underwent 3.0 T CMR, both rest and ATP stress T1-maps were obtained, and first-pass perfusion imaging was performed. Stress ΔT1 and myocardial perfusion reserve index (MPRI) were calculated. For the histologic study, each rabbit was sacrificed after CMR scanning. Left ventricular myocardial tissue was stained with Hematoxylin-eosin (H&E), Masson, and CD31, from which MVD and CVF were extracted. Pearson correlation analyses were performed to determine the strength of the association between the stress ΔT1 and both MVD and CVF. RESULTS: The stress ΔT1 values (CMD, 2.53 ± 0.37% vs. control, 6.00 ± 0.64% vs. Sham, 6.07 ± 0.97%, p < 0.001) and MPRI (CMD, 1.45 ± 0.13 vs. control, 1.94 ± 0.23, vs. sham, 1.89 ± 0.15, p < 0.001) were both lower in CMD rabbits compared with sham-operated and control rabbits. Further, the stress ΔT1 showed a high correlation with CVF (r = -0.806, p < 0.001) and MVD (r = 0.920, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Stress T1 response strongly correlates with pathological MVD and CVF, indicating that stress CMR T1 mapping can accurately detect microvascular dysfunction.

14.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 101(Pt A): 108333, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34773759

RESUMO

Alternaria sensitization is correlated with persistent asthma. Type 2 (T2)-asthma endotypes are characterized by the release of eosinophils. However, the prevalence and sensitization patterns in patients with Alternaria asthma between T2-high and T2-low endotypes are unknown. We retrospectively reviewed 582 patients with Alternaria asthma and divided them into T2-high (n = 376) and T2-low (n = 206) groups with a threshold of 300 cells/µL in blood eosinophil counts. Data for basic information, skin test or IgE detection results, and blood eosinophil counts were collected. The age of patients in the T2-high group (13.66 ± 13.23) was lower than that of the T2-low group (18.02 ± 15.03). Patients with T2-high asthma had relatively higher rates of taking inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and positive family history than the T2-low group. Pet keepers and allergen immunotherapy (AIT) patients were comparable between these groups, In the T2-high group, patients had higher levels of total serum IgE (T-IgE) and showed a significant positive correlation with eosinophil counts (r = 0.166, P = 0.001), followed by higher Alternaria-specific IgE (sIgE) levels (median, 13.7; range, 4.86-25.3). Compared to the T2-low group, the frequency of poly-sensitized patients and the rate of each allergen among the nine common allergens were all higher in the T2-high group; the statistical differences mainly focused on pollens such as birch (P = 0.005), firmiana (P = 0.004), and mugwort (P = 0.005). Young, male patients had a high prevalence of T2-high Alternaria asthma, along with higher rates of T-IgE, sIgE levels, and poly-sensitized patterns.

15.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34792171

RESUMO

The rapid transport of ribosomal proteins (RPs) into the nucleus and their efficient assembly into pre-ribosomal particles are prerequisites for ribosome biogenesis. Proteins that act as dedicated chaperones for RPs to maintain their stability and facilitate their assembly have not been identified in filamentous fungi. PlCYP5 is a nuclear cyclophilin in the nematophagous fungus Purpureocillium lilacinum, whose expression is up-regulated during abiotic stress and nematode egg-parasitism. Here, we found that PlCYP5 co-translationally interacted with the unassembled small ribosomal subunit protein, PlRPS15 (uS19). PlRPS15 contained an eukaryote-specific N-terminal extension that mediated the interaction with PlCYP5. PlCYP5 increased the solubility of PlRPS15 independent of its catalytic peptide-prolyl isomerase function and supported the integration of PlRPS15 into pre-ribosomes. Consistently, the phenotypes of the PlCYP5 loss-of-function mutant were similar to those of the PlRPS15 knockdown mutant (e.g. growth and ribosome biogenesis defects). PlCYP5 homologs in Arabidopsis thaliana, Homo sapiens, Schizosaccharomyces pombe, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Botrytis cinerea and Metarhizium anisopliae were identified. Notably, PlCYP5-PlRPS15 homologs from three filamentous fungi interacted with each other but not those from other species. In summary, our data disclosed a unique dedicated chaperone system for RPs by cyclophilin in filamentous fungi.

16.
Tuberculosis (Edinb) ; 132: 102141, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808575

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the expression of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) growth arrest-special transcript 5 (GAS5) in the serum of tuberculosis (TB) patients and discuss the mechanism of GAS5 in TB by establishing an in-vitro TB cell model. METHODS: Serum expressions of GAS5 and miR-18a-5p were determined by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). The effects of GAS5 on macrophage cell viability and the inflammatory response after MTB infection were assessed by CCK-8 and ELISA. Luciferase reporter gene assay was applied to delve into the potential target gene of GAS5. RESULTS: The expression of GAS5 in TB patients was down-regulated, while miR-18a-5p was up-regulated, and the serum inflammatory factors were negatively correlated with the expression level of GAS5. MTB infection induced significant upregulation on the cell viability and inflammatory response but the acceleration effect could be rescued by GAS5-overexpression. Meanwhile, miR-18a-5p was recognized as the target gene of GAS5. CONCLUSION: This study indicated that the expression level of GAS5 in the serum of TB patients was decreased, while in the cells infected with MTB, the down-regulated GAS5 might develop a role in facilitating the cell vitality and the inflammatory response by adsorbing miR-18a-5p in the form of molecular sponge.

17.
Chemosphere ; : 133015, 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34822868

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exposure to some heavy metals has been demonstrated to be related to the risk of preterm birth (PTB). However, the effects of multi-metal mixture are seldom assessed. Thus, we aimed to investigate the associations of maternal exposure to metal mixture with PTB, and to identify the main contributors to PTB from the mixture. METHODS: The population in the nested case-control study was from a prospective cohort enrolled in Wuhan, China between 2012 and 2014. Eighteen metals were measured in maternal urine collected before delivery. Logistic regression, elastic net regularization (ENET), weighted quantile sum regression (WQSR), and Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR) were used to estimate the overall effect and identify important mixture components that drive the association with PTB. RESULTS: Logistic regression found naturally log-transformed concentrations of 13 metals were positively associated with PTB after adjusting the covariates, and only V, Zn, and Cr remained the significantly positive associations when additionally adjusting for the 13 metals. ENET identified 11 important metals for PTB, and V (ß = 0.23) had the strongest association. WQSR determined the positive combined effect of metal mixture on PTB (OR: 1.44, 95%CI: 1.32, 1.57), and selected Cr and V (weighted 0.41 and 0.32, respectively) as the most weighted metals. BKMR analysis confirmed the overall mixture was positively associated with PTB, and the independent effect of V was the most significant. Besides, BKMR showed the non-linear relationships of V and Cu with PTB, and the potential interaction between Zn and Cu. CONCLUSION: Applying different statistical models, the study found that exposure to the metal mixture was associated with a high risk of PTB, and V was identified as the most important risk factor among co-exposed metals for PTB.

18.
Front Immunol ; 12: 747730, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34804031

RESUMO

Background: Alternaria is a major source of asthma-inducing allergens. Allergen-specific immunotherapy improves the progression of allergic asthma. The current treatment is based on crude Alternaria extracts. Alt a 1 is the predominant allergen in Alternaria. However, the treatment efficacy of recombinant Alt a 1 (rAlt a 1) in an asthmatic animal model and its influence on Tfh and Breg cells are unknown. Objective: To explore the therapeutic treatment effects of rAlt a 1 on the progress of an asthmatic mouse model and its effect on Tfh and Breg cells. Methods: We synthesized and purified rAlt a 1. Alternaria-sensitized and challenged mice received subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) with four different rAlt a 1 dosages (5, 50, 100, and 150 µg) or PBS only. Finally, lung and airway inflammation, mouse mast cell protease 1 (MMCP-1), serum immunoglobulin responses, Tfh and Breg cell levels, and the correlation between asthmatic features (inflammation grades and IL-4 and IL-10 levels) and these two cell types were measured after Alternaria rechallenge. Results: High purity and allergenic potency of rAlt a 1 protein were obtained. Following treatment with four different rAlt a 1 dosages, both lung and airway inflammation ameliorated, including lung pathology, serum MMCP-1 levels, inflammatory cell numbers, and cytokine levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). Additionally, rAlt a 1-SCIT increased the expression of Alternaria-sIgG1, rAlt a 1-sIgG1, rAlt a 1-sIgG2a, and rAlt a 1-sIgG2b in serum. Moreover, the number and percentage of CXCR5+PD-1+Tfh cells were increased in the PC control, while they decreased in the rAlt a 1-SCIT groups. Meanwhile, the absolute numbers and proportions of Breg cells were evaluated after administration of rAlt a 1. A positive correlation was observed between CXCR5+PD-1+Tfh cells and inflammation grades (r = 0.50, p = 0.01), as well as a slightly strong positive relationship with IL-4 (r = 0.55, p = 0.005) and IL-10 (r = 0.58, p = 0.003) levels; Breg cells showed an opposite correlation with the grades of inflammation (r = -0.68, p = 0.0003), along with a negative correlation to IL-4 (r = -0.61, p = 0.001) and IL-10 (r = -0.53, p = 0.008) levels. Conclusions: We verified that treatment with rAlt a 1 can alleviate asthma progression and further have a regulatory effect on Tfh and Breg cells in an Alternaria-induced asthmatic mouse model.

19.
J Cardiol ; 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34815134

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper was to verify that the linear high-intensity signal on late gadolinium enhancement-cardiac magnetic resonance (LGE-CMR) may represent the contrast enhancement of vessels rather than scars or fibrosis, and to assess whether this linear high-intensity signal will affect the quantification of myocardial fibrosis in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). METHODS: A total of 58 patients who underwent both coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and LGE-CMR in our hospital were ultimately enrolled. The definitions of positive linear LGE (LLGE+) were as follows: (1) LLGE in the basal anterior septum or lateral wall, and (2) LLGE observable at 10 mm or more. All other patients were regarded as negative LLGE (LLGE-). In LLGE+ patients, the length of the LLGE located in the anterior septum and lateral wall was compared with the length of the septal perforator artery and the circumflex artery on CCTA, respectively. For nine patients with HCM, the LGE% was measured before and after removal of LLGE. RESULTS: Among the 58 patients, 40 showed LLGE+ and 18 showed LLGE-. For patients with LLGE in the anterior septum, there was a strong correlation between LLGE and anterior septal perforator arteries in length (r=0.887, p<0.001). For patients with LLGE in the lateral wall, LLGE also correlated well with the circumflex arteries in length (r=0.962, p<0.001). In nine patients with HCM, the LGE% decreased significantly after the removal of LLGE [9.50 (7.70 - 17.35)% vs. 8.80 (6.20 - 15.55)%, p<0.05]. CONCLUSIONS: The LLGE in the anterior septum and lateral wall may represent contrast enhancement of the anterior septal perforator artery and the circumflex artery, respectively. This LLGE may overestimate the extent of myocardial fibrosis in patients with HCM.

20.
Bioresour Technol ; : 126428, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34838968

RESUMO

The purification effect of two different microalgae-fungi-bacteria symbiosis technologies on biogas and biogas slurry was studied to determine the best symbiosis treatment technology and the suitable concentration of GR24. The results showed that the purification effect of biogas slurry in Chlorella vulgaris-Ganoderma lucidum-endophytic bacteria (S395-2) symbiont co-culture system was better than that of the biogas slurry in Scenedesmus obliquus-Pleurotus ostreatus-S395-2 symbionts. Following 10-9 M GR24 treatment, Chlorella vulgaris-Ganoderma lucidum-S395-2 symbionts had elevated mean daily production rate and growth rate by 1.92 and 1.46 folds in comparison with blank group. After adjusting the GR24 level within the range of 10-9 M-10-7 M, Ganoderma lucidum-assisted Chlorella vulgaris-S395-2 attained higher maximal removal rates for TN, COD, CO2, and TP by 10.78%, 14.62%, 3.86%, and 9.07%, respectively, compared to the rates when GR24 was not added.

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