Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 230
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Analyst ; 2019 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31832630

RESUMO

Plasmonics has drawn significant attention in the area of biosensors for decades due to the unique optical properties of plasmonic resonant nanostructures. While the sensitivity and specificity of molecular detection relies significantly on the resonance conditions, significant attention has been dedicated to the design, fabrication, and optimization of plasmonic substrates. The adequate choice of materials, structures, and functionality goes hand in hand with a fundamental understanding of plasmonics to enable the development of practical biosensors that can be deployed in real life situations. Here we provide a brief review of plasmonic biosensors detailing most recent developments and applications. Besides metals, novel plasmonic materials such as graphene are highlighted. Sensors based on Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR), Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance (LSPR), and Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS) are presented and classified based on their materials and structure. In addition, most recent applications to environment monitoring, health diagnosis, and food safety are presented. Potential problems related to the implementation in such applications are discussed and an outlook is presented.

2.
Cancer Cell Int ; 19: 330, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31827404

RESUMO

Background: Abnormal activation of the classic Wnt signaling pathway is closely related to the occurrence of epithelial cancers. B-cell lymphoma 9 (BCL9), a transcription factor, is a novel oncogene discovered in the classic Wnt pathway and promotes the occurrence and development of various tumors. Ovarian cancer is the gynecological malignant tumor with the highest mortality because it is difficult to diagnose early, and easy to relapse and metastasis. The expression and role of BCL9 in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) have not been studied. Thus, in this research, we aimed to investigate the expression and clinical significance of BCL9 in EOC tissues and its effect on the malignant biological behavior of human ovarian cancer cells. Methods: We detect the expression of BCL9 in ovarian epithelial tumor tissues and normal ovarian tissues using immunohistochemistry and analyzed the relationship between it and clinicopathological parameters and patient prognosis. The expression of proteins was detected by Western blot. The MTT assay, flow cytometry, the scratch assay, and the transwell assay were used to detect cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion, respectively. A total of 374 ovarian cancer tissue samples were collected using TCGA database. A gene set enrichment analysis of BCL9 was performed. Results: BCL9 was overexpressed in EOC tissues. The level of BCL9 expression was correlated with the 5-year progression-free survival rate and overall survival rate in ovarian cancer patients and independently predicted the risk of ovarian cancer recurrence. Low BCL9 expression inhibited proliferation, invasion and migration of EOC cells, decreased MMP2 and MMP9 expression of ES-2 cell line, increased the BAX/BCL2 ratio and promoted apoptosis of EOC cells. Conclusion: BCL9 is overexpressed in epithelial ovarian tumors, resulting in a poor prognosis for ovarian cancer patients. Low BCL9 expression can promote ovarian cancer cell apoptosis, inhibit proliferation and migration. BCL9 promotes the development of ovarian cancer.

3.
J Hazard Mater ; 386: 121956, 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31884372

RESUMO

Many lanthanide ions-based probes have been widely used for detecting anthrax spores biomarker-dipicolinic acid (DPA). However, little work has realized detection of bacillus anthrax spores in real environmental samples. In this work, a novel ratiometric fluorescent nanoprobe based on europium (Eu)-doped silicon nanoparticles (Eu@SiNPs) was fabricated for the first time by one-pot method without post-modification for determination of the DPA in bacillus subtilis spores (simulant bacillus anthrax spores). Based on Eu(III) in the Eu@SiNPs could be sensitized by DPA to emit intrinsic fluorescence and the fluorescence intensity of SiNPs in the Eu@SiNPs almost remained stable, a new ratiometric fluorescent method for determination of micro DPA in bacillus subtilis spores and bacillus subtilis spores in real environmental samples, such as Yellow river water, tap water and soil was established. Under the optimum conditions, the limit of detection (LOD) of the method toward bacillus subtilis spores was as low as 2.38×104 spore/mL. Simple, fast and visual DPA and bacillus subtilis spores determination was also achieved by the Eu@SiNPs-based test paper. Therefore, the newly established method was expected to be a powerful tool for efficiently determination of bacillus anthrax spores to avoid anthrax threats.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31745591

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The human peroxiredoxin-5 (hPRDX5) is a member of the family of antioxidant enzymes, which could resist immunosuppression by promoting immune organs development, lymphocyte proliferation and up-regulation of the levels of serum cytokines. However, being a recombinant protein, the hPRDX5 exhibits some problems including the high production cost and bad tissue penetration. Compared to macromolecular therapeutic agents, synthetic peptides have several advantages as drug candidates, such as lower manufacturing costs, reduced immunogenicity, and better organ or tumor penetration. The purpose of this research was to design the novel peptides come from hPRDX5 that can block the interaction of PD-1 and PD-L1. METHODS: Herein in this work, we firstly confirmed the inhibitory activity of hPRDX5 on the binding of PD-L1 to PD-1 based on the previous observation, subsequently, in silico proteolysis and rational design (such as alanine scanning mutagenesis and truncation) were used to automate the design of new peptides derived from hPRDX5 with anti-tumour activity. RESULTS: We found that the most potent peptide could block the PD-1/PD-L1 interaction effectively with an IC50 of 0.646 µM, and could restore the function of Jurkat T cells which had been suppressed by stimulated HCT116 cells. Moreover, experiments with tumor-bearing mice models showed that the peptide IMB-P6-10 could effectively inhibit tumor growth and showed extraordinary low acute toxicity in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: The peptides described in this paper may provide novel low-molecular-weight drug candidates for cancer immunotherapy.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713821

RESUMO

Arsenic (As) and copper (Cu) are ubiquitous pollutants that pose a threat to the environment. Our aim is to study the underlying mechanisms by which As and Cu act on the chicken gizzard. In order to detect ionic disorders in chicken gizzard under chronic treatment with As3+ and/or Cu2+ and whether they can induce oxidative damage as well as immune disorders, 30 mg/kg arsenic trioxide (As2O3) and/or 300 mg/kg copper sulfate (CuSO4) were added to the chicken's basal diet. After 12 weeks of exposure, trace elements were found to have significant interference, accompanied by damage to the antioxidant system. In addition, As3+ and/or Cu2+ activated the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), inducing severe inflammation. At the same time, damaged structural integrity which might be caused by inflammation was discovered after hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining. Moreover, symbolic Th1/Th2 (Th, helper T cell) drift was also observed in treatment groups, meaning that immune function is left to be affected, and the increment in heat shock proteins may be a self-protective mechanism of gizzard. Interestingly, we found that the damage to the gizzard of chicken was aggravated in a time-dependent manner, and the combined exposure was more pathogenic than the single exposure, of which the mechanism needs further exploration. Together, this work helps move us toward a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms that mediate the interactions between Cu excess and As3+ exposures and possible health consequences in susceptible species.

6.
J Transl Med ; 17(1): 379, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31744495

RESUMO

AIM: Cervical cancer is a common malignant carcinoma of the gynecological tract with high morbidity and mortality. Therefore, it is crucial to elucidate the pathogenesis, prevention, diagnosis and prognosis of cervical cancer by searching for the involved key genes. METHOD: In this study, the alternative splicing (AS) events of 253 patients with cervical cancer were analyzed, and 41,766 AS events were detected in 9961 genes. Univariate analysis was performed to screen prognostic AS events. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis was used to identify the pathways in which these AS events were involved. RESULTS: We found that exon skip (ES) is the main AS event in patients with cervical cancer. There was pronounced consistency between the genes involved in overall survival and those involved in recurrence. At the same time, we found that a gene may exhibit several different types of AS events, and these different AS events may be related to prognosis. Four characteristic genes, HSPA14, SDHAF2, CAMKK2 and TM9SF1, that can be used as prognostic markers for cervical cancer were selected. CONCLUSION: The importance of AS events in the development of cervical cancer and prediction of prognosis was revealed by a large amount of data at the whole genome level, which may provide a potential target for cervical cancer treatment. We also provide a new method for exploring the pathogenesis of cervical cancer to determine clinical treatment and prognosis more accurately.

7.
Cell Biol Int ; 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31617641

RESUMO

Despite the improvement in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) treatments, most patients had a poor prognosis and suffered from chemoresistance and disease relapse. Therefore, there is an urgent need for elucidation of mechanism(s) underlying drug resistance in AML. In the present study, we found that AML cells showed less susceptibility to adriamycin (ADR) in the presence of hypoxia, while inhibition of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) by CdCl2 can make AML cells re-susceptibile to ADR even under hypoxia. Moreover, HIF-1α is overexpressed and plays an important role in ADR-resistance maintenance in resistant AML cells. We further found hypoxia or induction of HIF-1α can significantly upregulate yes-associated protein (YAP) expression in AML cells, and resistant cells express a high level of YAP. Finally, we found that YAP may not only enhance HIF-1α stability but also promote HIF-1α's activity on the target gene pyruvate kinase M2. In conclusion, our data indicate that HIF-1α or YAP may represent a therapeutic target for overcoming resistance toward adriamycin-based chemotherapy in AML.

8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(19)2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574902

RESUMO

STK16, reported as a Golgi localized serine/threonine kinase, has been shown to participate in multiple cellular processes, including the TGF-ß signaling pathway, TGN protein secretion and sorting, as well as cell cycle and Golgi assembly regulation. However, the mechanisms of the regulation of its kinase activity remain underexplored. It was known that STK16 is autophosphorylated at Thr185, Ser197, and Tyr198 of the activation segment in its kinase domain. We found that STK16 localizes to the cell membrane and the Golgi throughout the cell cycle, but mutations in the auto-phosphorylation sites not only alter its subcellular localization but also affect its kinase activity. In particular, the Tyr198 mutation alone significantly reduced the kinase activity of STK16, abolished its Golgi and membrane localization, and affected the cell cycle progression. This study demonstrates that a single site autophosphorylation of STK16 could affect its localization and function, which provides insights into the molecular regulatory mechanism of STK16's kinase activity.

9.
Front Oncol ; 9: 954, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637210

RESUMO

Serpin family D member 1 (SERPIND1) belongs to the serine protease inhibitor family. Its role in cancers has gradually attracted interest from researchers in recent years. However, the role of SERPIND1 in the development of epithelial ovarian cancer remains poorly understood. This studied aimed to investigate the expression and clinical significance of SERPIND1 in epithelial ovarian cancer, as well as its effect on the malignant biological behavior of ovarian cancer cells and the related regulatory mechanisms. We found that SERPIND1 expression was significantly elevated in epithelial ovarian cancer. Patients with higher expression of SERPIND1 in ovarian cancer tissues had poor prognoses. SERPIND1 promoted the proliferation, migration, invasion, G1-to-S phase transition, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition of ovarian cancer cells and inhibited their apoptosis by promoting phosphorylation in the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/AKT) pathway. Meanwhile, the inhibition of SERPIND1 expression in ovarian cancer cells resulted in opposite effects. The addition of the PI3K/AKT pathway inhibitor LY294002 to SERPIND1-overexpressing cells could reverse the promoting effect of SERPIND1 on the malignant biological behavior of ovarian cancer cells. Further, nuclear factor kappa B subunit 1, a transcription factor could bind to the promoter region of SERPIND1 and regulate SERPIND1 expression. In conclusion, our results indicated that SERPIND1 could be an effective marker for assessing the prognosis of ovarian cancer. By elucidating its mechanism underlying the promotion of malignant biological behavior of ovarian cancer by SERPIND1, we demonstrated that SERPIND1 could potentially serve as a novel drug target.

10.
Life Sci ; : 116910, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610211

RESUMO

AIMS: Tomoregulin-2 (TMEFF2) is a single-pass transmembrane protein whose specific functions and mechanisms in endometrial carcinoma (EC) remain unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression, prognostic role, and potential regulatory mechanisms of TMEFF2 in EC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression and prognosis of TMEFF2 in EC were analyzed via bioinformatics and verified by immunohistochemistry and survival analysis. Proliferation, invasion, and migration of EC cells in vitro were assessed by cell functional assays, while epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers and key signaling pathway proteins were evaluated by western blotting. KEY FINDINGS: The expression of TMEFF2 in EC was significantly higher than that in atypical hyperplasia and normal endometrium, the high expression of TMEFF2 was correlated with advanced stage, poor differentiation, and lymph node metastasis, and also predicted a poor prognosis of EC. Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis showed that TMEFF2 and its related genes were enriched in the central nervous system, cell adhesion, signal transduction, and several critical signaling pathways. We also elucidated TMEFF2 networks of kinase, microRNA, and transcription factor targets. In vitro, the proliferation, invasion, and migration abilities of EC cells decreased after TMEFF2 downregulation. Downregulation of TMEFF2 reduced the activation of MAPK and PI3K signaling pathways, and inhibited EMT. SIGNIFICANCE: TMEFF2 plays an important role in the initiation, development, and malignant behavior of EC and can be a potential target for early diagnosis and treatment in EC.

11.
AMB Express ; 9(1): 151, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535295

RESUMO

Engineering of fungal laccases with optimum catalytic activity at alkaline pH has been a long-lasting challenge. In this study, a mutant library containing 3000 clones was obtained by error-prone PCR to adapt the optimum pH of a fungal laccase Lcc9 from the basidiomycete Coprinopsis cinerea. After three rounds of functional screening, a mutant with three amino acid changes (E116K, N229D, I393T) named PIE5 was selected. PIE5 showed an optimum pH of 8.5 and 8.0 against guaiacol and 2,6-DMP when expressed in Pichia pastoris, representing the first fungal laccase that possesses an optimum pH at an alkaline condition. Site directed mutagenesis disclosed that N229D contributed the most to the optimum pH increment. A single N229D mutation caused an increase in optimum pH by 1.5 units. When used in indigo dye decolorization, PIE5 efficiently decolorized 87.1 ± 1.1% and 90.9 ± 0.3% indigo dye at the optimum conditions of pH 7.0-7.5 and 60 °C, and with either methyl 3,5-dimethoxy-4-hydroxybenzoate or 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothazoline-6-sulfonate) as the mediator. In comparison, the commercially available fungal laccase TvLac from Trametes villosa decolorized 84.3 ± 1.8% of indigo dye under its optimum conditions (opt. pH 5.0 and 60 °C). The properties of an alkaline-dependent activity and the high indigo dye decolorization ability (1.3-fold better than the parental Lcc9) make the new fungal laccase PIE5 an alternative for specific industrial applications.

12.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 185: 109678, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31557571

RESUMO

Arsenic and copper are naturally occurring element. Contamination from natural processes and anthropogenic activities can be discovered all over the world and their unique interactions with the environment lead to widespread toxicity. When the content was excessive, the organism would be hurt seriously. The glandular stomach is an important organ of the poultry gastrointestinal tract. This study was aimed to investigate the toxicity of arsenic trioxide or/and copper sulfate (As or/and Cu) on chicken glandular stomach. Seventy-two 1-day-old Hy-Line chickens were randomly divided into control (C) group, arsenic trioxide (As) group, copper sulfate (Cu) group and arsenic trioxide and copper sulfate (AsCu) group, and exposed to 30 mg/kg arsenic trioxide or/and 300 mg/kg copper sulphates for 12 weeks. The indicators of mitochondrial dynamics, apoptosis and autophagy were tested in the glandular stomach. The results showed that exposure to As or/and Cu caused mitochondrial dynamic imbalance. Additionally, the levels of pro-apoptosis and autophagy indicators were increased and the levels of anti-apoptosis indicators were decreased in the treatment groups. Beyond that, in the treatment groups, we could clearly see karyopyknosis and chromatin condensation were associated with increased apoptosis rate, as well as the disappearance of the nuclear membrane, the swelling of mitochondria and the accumulation of autophagosomes were involved in the death of cells. It was worth noting that the glandular stomach lesions were time-dependent, and the combination of As and Cu were worse than the As and Cu alone. Collectively, our results suggest that As or/and Cu aggravate mitochondrial dysfunction, apoptosis and autophagy in a time-dependent manner, and the combined toxicity of As and Cu was higher.

13.
Cancer Biomark ; 2019 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561329

RESUMO

Recent studies have shown that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have profound impacts on cancer development. In our previous study, we have confirmed that lncRNA small nucleolar RNA host gene 16 (SNHG16) is associated with poor prognosis and malignant phenotype of gastric cancer (GC). However, the biological function of lncRNA SNHG16 is still unclear. Here, we aimed to investigate the mechanisms underlying the roles of SNHG16 in GC. In this work, SNHG16 knockdown could inhibit epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and invasion of GC cells. Moreover, our results revealed that SNHG16 could promote EMT via down-regulation of Dickkopf WNT signaling pathway inhibitor 3 (DKK3) in GC cells. In addition, SNHG16 was found to be upregulated whereas DKK3 was downregulated in tumor tissues compared with adjacent normal tissues. It showed that the expressions of SNHG16 and DKK3 were negatively correlated in clinical GC tissues.All these results suggested that SNHG16 promotes GC progression via regulation of DKK3 directly or indirectly. SNHG16 might be used as a putative biomarker for metastatic prediction in GC patients.

14.
Int J Biochem Cell Biol ; 116: 105617, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550546

RESUMO

Previously, we reported that the expression of human epididymis protein (HE4) was correlated with the expression of RAB23 in ovarian cancer cells. Rab23 is a member of the Ras-related small GTPase superfamily, which plays a key role in the Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) signaling pathway. However, the function of Rab23 in ovarian cancer remains unclear. In this study, we explored the location and expression of Rab23 in ovarian cancer tissues and cells (CaoV3 and A2780), and further investigated the function and potential mechanism of Rab23 in malignant biological behaviors including the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process in ovarian cancer for the first time. Rab23 is highly expressed in ovarian cancer tissues and associated with advanced stage, and shortened overall survival time of ovarian cancer patients. We are the first to report that human epididymis protein (HE4) can regulate the expression of the Rab23 protein, and that knockdown of RAB23 decreases the proliferation, invasion, and migration abilities as well as inhibits the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process in ovarian cancer cells. Furthermore, downregulation of Rab23 significantly inhibited Shh-Gli1 and PI3K-AKT signaling pathways. Collectively, our results indicate that Rab23 plays a critical role in the malignant biological behavior of ovarian cancer and may serve as a potential biomarker and therapeutic target for ovarian cancer.

15.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2019 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473897

RESUMO

Arsenic and copper, two toxic pollutants, are powerful inducers of oxidative stress. Exposure to copper and arsenic can cause intestinal injury in cockerel. This study was carried out to investigate the effects of these two pollutants on the gastrointestinal tract of cockerels. Experimental results showed that the activity of antioxidant enzymes (catalase and glutathione peroxidase) was inhibited and the ionic balance was destroyed after exposure to copper sulfate (300 mg/kg) and/or arsenic trioxide (30 mg/kg). However, the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (nuclear factor kappa-B, cyclooxygenase-2, tumor necrosis factor-α, and prostaglandin E2 synthases) increased markedly. Damages to the biofilm structure and inflammatory cell infiltration were simultaneously observed during histological examination. Heat-shock proteins were also expressed in large quantities after exposure to the poisons. Collectively, exposure to arsenite and/or Cu2+ can cause rectal damage in cockerels, inducing inflammation and an imbalance in immune system responses. Sometimes, exposure to both pollutants can produce even more toxic effects. Heat-shock proteins can protect the tissue from the exotoxins but the specific mechanisms require exploration. After oral ingestion of toxins, the rectum can still be damaged, necessitating attention to the safety of poultry breeding, human food safety, and environmental protection.

16.
J Transl Med ; 17(1): 275, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474227

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Annexins are involved in vesicle trafficking, cell proliferation and apoptosis, but their functional mechanisms in ovarian cancer remain unclear. In this study, we analyzed Annexins in ovarian cancer using different databases and selected Annexin A8 (ANXA8), which showed the greatest prognostic value, for subsequent validation in immunohistochemical (IHC) assays. METHODS: The mRNA expression levels, genetic variations, prognostic values and gene-gene interaction network of Annexins in ovarian cancer were analyzed using the Oncomine, Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA), cBioPortal, Kaplan-Meier plotter and GeneMANIA database. ANXA8 was selected for analyzing the biological functions and pathways of its co-expressed genes, and its correlation with immune system responses via the Database for Annotation, Visualization, and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) and the TISIDB database, respectively. We validated the expression of ANXA8 in ovarian cancer via IHC assays and analyzed its correlation with clinicopathological parameters and prognosis. RESULTS: ANXA2/3/8/11 mRNA expression levels were significantly upregulated in ovarian cancer, and ANXA5/6/7 mRNA expression levels were significantly downregulated. Prognostic analysis suggested that significant correlations occurred between ANXA2/4/8/9 mRNA upregulation and poor overall survival, and between ANXA8/9/11 mRNA upregulation and poor progression-free survival in patients with ovarian serous tumors. Taken together, results suggested that ANXA8 was most closely associated with ovarian cancer tumorigenesis and progression. Further analyses indicated that ANXA8 may be involved in cell migration, cell adhesion, and vasculature development, as well as in the regulation of PI3K-Akt, focal adhesion, and proteoglycans. Additionally, ANXA8 expression was significantly correlated with lymphocytes and immunomodulators. The IHC results showed that ANXA8 expression was higher in the malignant tumor group than in the borderline and benign tumor groups and normal ovary group, and high ANXA8 expression was an independent risk factor for survival and prognosis of ovarian cancer patients (P = 0.013). CONCLUSIONS: Members of the Annexin family display varying degrees of abnormal expressions in ovarian cancer. ANXA8 was significantly highly expressed in ovarian cancer, and high ANXA8 expression was significantly correlated with poor prognosis. Therefore, ANXA8 is a high candidate as a novel biomarker and therapeutic target for ovarian cancer.

17.
Mikrochim Acta ; 186(9): 634, 2019 08 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31428871

RESUMO

A PCR method is described to identify the species origin of various animal and human tissue-derived biochemical drugs. Four commercialized drugs, including spermary tablets, compound embryonic bovine liver extract tablets, spleen aminopeptide solution, and placenta polypeptide injection, were used as a proof-of-principle in this study. Primers were designed to amplify conservative regions of mitochondrial cytochrome b and ATPase 8 genes from beef, pork, lamb and human DNA, respectively. The specificity of primers for ATPase 8 gene is found to be higher than those for cytochrome b under the given experimental conditions. The amplicon sizes of ATPase 8 were 212, 271, 293 and 405 bp for pork, beef, lamb and human tissue, respectively. The minimum detectable concentration of DNA sample for species identification is 0.05-0.5 pg·µL-1. The species origin can be distinguished by this method in extremely low concentrations of template DNAs extracted. Conceivably, this PCR method for meat authentication may be extended to quality control of other biochemical drugs and raw materials. Graphical abstract A specific PCR method was developed for the detection of species origin in biochemical drugs via species-specific primers targeting mitochondrial ATPase 8 genes. The PCR products were separated by gel electrophoresis and species origins were indicated by comparison to references.

18.
Microb Pathog ; 136: 103671, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437575

RESUMO

Yaks are an aboriginal breed of the Qinghai-Tibet plateau (3000 m), which are highly adaptable to cold and hypoxic environments. It is noticed that hypoxia and hypothermia can induce changes in intestinal microbial structure in animals. Increasing evidences suggested that probiotics supplementation can improve the balance of gut microbiota of animals. However, so far, very few studies have emphasized on the probiotics isolated from yaks in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Therefore, a potential probiotic strain Bacillus velezensis was isolated from yaks. In the present study, a total of 18 Kunming mice (15-18 g) were equally distributed into two groups; control and probiotic treated groups (1 × 109 CFU/day). During the experimental period, all the mice from both groups were given standard normal diet ad libitum. At the end of the experiment, mice were euthanized and the intestines (duodenum, jejunum, ileum, and cecum) were removed for high-throughput sequencing. The results demonstrated that Bacillus velezensis supplementation showed beneficial effects on the gut microbiota of mice. Specifically, Bacillus velezensis supplementation increased the population of Lactobacillus and Ruminococcus in the duodenum, and Candidatus Arthromitus in the jejunum. Additionally, Acinetobacter in the duodenum and Helicobacter in the cecum were decreased after feeding Bacillus velezensis. Altogether, these findings suggested that Bacillus velezensis isolated from Tibetan yaks can improve gut microbiota of mice.

19.
PeerJ ; 7: e7234, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31372315

RESUMO

Tyrosine autophosphorylation plays a crucial regulatory role in the kinase activities of fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFRs), and in the recruitment and activation of downstream intracellular signaling pathways. Biophysical and biochemical investigations of FGFR kinase domains in membrane environments offer key insights into phosphorylation mechanisms. Hence, we constructed nickel chelating nanodiscs based on a 22-residue peptide. The spontaneous anchoring of N-terminal His6-tagged FGFR1c kinase domain (FGFR1K) onto peptide nanodiscs grants FGFR1K orientations occurring on native plasma membranes. Following membrane incorporation, the autophosphorylation of FGFR1K, as exemplified by Y653 and Y654 in the A-loop and the total tyrosine phosphorylation, increase significantly. This in vitro reconstitution system may be applicable to studies of other membrane associated phenomena.

20.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 159: 107-117, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400772

RESUMO

Latrophilin (LPH) is an adhesion G protein-coupled receptor (aGPCR) that participates in multiple essential physiological processes. Our previous studies have shown that lph is not only indispensable for the development and reproduction of red flour beetles (Tribolium castaneum), but also for their resistance against dichlorvos or carbofuran insecticides. However, the regulatory mechanism of lph-mediated insecticide susceptibility remains unclear. Here, we revealed that knockdown of lph in beetles resulted in opposing changes in two chemoreception genes, chemosensory protein 10 (CSP10) and odorant-binding protein C01 (OBPC01), in which the expression of TcCSP10 was downregulated, whereas the expression of TcOBPC01 was upregulated. TcCSP10 and TcOBPC01 were expressed at the highest levels in early pupal and late larval stages, respectively. High levels of expression of both these genes were observed in the heads (without antennae) of adults. TcCSP10 and TcOBPC01 were significantly induced by dichlorvos or carbofuran between 12 and 72 h (hrs) after exposure, suggesting that they are likely associated with increasing the binding affinity of insecticides, leading to a decrease in sensitivity to the insecticides. Moreover, once these two genes were knocked down, the susceptibility of the beetles to dichlorvos or carbofuran was enhanced. Additionally, RNA interference (RNAi) targeting of lph followed by exposure to dichlorvos or carbofuran also caused the opposing expression levels of TcCSP10 and TcOBPC01 compared to the expression levels of wild-type larvae treated with insecticides alone. All these results indicate that lph is involved in insecticide susceptibility through positively regulating TcCSP10; and the susceptibility could also further partially compensated for through the negative regulation of TcOBPC01 when lph was knockdown in the red flour beetle. Our studies shed new light on the molecular regulatory mechanisms of lph related to insecticide susceptibility.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Insetos/metabolismo , Inseticidas/farmacologia , Receptores de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Tribolium/efeitos dos fármacos , Tribolium/metabolismo , Animais , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/genética , Proteínas de Insetos/genética
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA