Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 524
Filtrar
1.
Cerebrovasc Dis ; : 1-9, 2022 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35490673

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited data exist on the significance of acute cerebral microinfarcts (A-CMIs) in the context of acute ischemic stroke (AIS). We aimed to determine the profile and prognostic significance of A-CMIs on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients presenting with AIS. METHODS: A prospective single-center series of patients with AIS who had 3T MRIs between March 2013 and December 2019. The presence, number, and location of A-CMIs on diffusion-weighted imaging, and markers of cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD), macroinfarcts features, and etiology were classified as cardioembolism (CE) or large artery atherosclerosis (LAA) or none. RESULTS: Among 273 patients, A-CMIs were detected in 130 patients (47.6%), of whom cortical A-CMIs were found in 95 (73.0%) patients. Patients with A-CMIs were significantly older, less likely to have diabetes mellitus, and more likely to have atrial fibrillation and an embolic source (CE or LAA) compared to other patients. Patients with A-CMI had a higher frequency of macroinfarcts (diameter >20 mm), more often multiple and distributed in single or multiple vessel territories than other patients. An embolic source (LAA or CE) was independently associated with cortical A-CMIs (LAA adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 4.0 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.6-9.5; CE aOR 2.5, 95% CI 1.1-5.6), whereas lacunes were independently related to subcortical A-CMIs (aOR 2.6, 95% CI 1.2-5.8). CONCLUSIONS: We have shown A-CMIs occur in cortical and subcortical regions in nearly half of AIS patients, where microembolism and CSVD are, respectively, the key presumed etiological mechanism.

2.
Thorac Cancer ; 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35524161

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) can act as key regulators in human cancers, including esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). However, the role and mechanism of circ_0005231 in ESCC have not previously been reported. METHODS: RNA levels and protein levels were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blot assay, respectively. Cell proliferation was assessed by colony formation assay and 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) assay. Wound healing and transwell assays were used to assess cell migration and invasion, respectively. The intermolecular interaction was predicted by bioinformatic analysis and verified by RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP), RNA pulldown and dual-luciferase reporter assays. Xenograft tumor model was used for exploring the biological function of circ_0005231 in vivo. RESULTS: Circ_0005231 was upregulated in ESCC plasma, tissues and cells. Cell proliferation, migration and invasion were significantly restrained by knockdown of circ_0005231 in ESCC cells. Circ_0005231 acted as a sponge of miR-383-5p, and circ_0005231 regulated ESCC cellular behavior by sponging miR-383-5p. Moreover, miR-383-5p directly targeted KIAA0101, and circ_0005231 positively regulated KIAA0101 expression by sponging miR-383-5p. Furthermore, circ_0005231 knockdown suppressed the malignant behavior of ESCC cells by downregulating KIAA0101. Importantly, knockdown of circ_0005231 blocked xenograft tumor growth in vivo. CONCLUSION: Circ_0005231 acted as a sponge of miR-383-5p to promote ESCC progression by upregulating KIAA0101, which provided a potential therapeutic strategy for ESCC treatment.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 61(16): 6337-6346, 2022 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35417139

RESUMO

Tuning the composition and morphology of bimetallic nanoparticles (NPs) offers an effective strategy to improve their electrocatalytic performance. In this work, we present a facile wet-chemistry procedure to engineer PdSb NPs with controlled morphology. Spherical or branched NPs are produced by tuning the heterogeneous nucleation of Sb on Pd seeds. Compared with pure Pd NPs, the incorporation of Sb not only decreases the amount of Pd used but also results in a significant increase of activity and stability for the electrocatalytic ethanol oxidation reaction (EOR). Best performances are obtained with highly branched PdSb NPs, which deliver a specific activity of 109 mA cm-2 and a mass activity of up to 2.42 A mgPd-1, well above that of a commercial Pd/C catalyst and branched Pd NPs. Moreover, PdSb displays significant stability enhancement of over 10 h for the EOR measurements. Density functional theory calculations reveal that the improved performance of PdSb NPs is related to the role played by Sb in reducing the energy barrier of the EOR rate-limiting step. Interestingly, as a side and value-added product of the EOR, acetate is obtained with 100% selectivity on PdSb catalysts.

4.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 114: 126-135, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35459478

RESUMO

Tropospheric ozone (O3) pollution is increasing in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region despite a significant decline in atmospheric fine aerosol particles (PM2.5) in recent years. However, the intrinsic reason for the elevation of the regional O3 is still unclear. In this study, we analyzed the spatio-temporal variations of tropospheric O3 and relevant pollutants (PM2.5, NO2, and CO) in the BTH region based on monitoring data from the China Ministry of Ecology and Environment during the period of 2014-2019. The results showed that summertime O3 concentrations were constant in Beijing (BJ, 0.06 µg/(m3•year)) but increased significantly in Tianjin (TJ, 9.09 µg/(m3•year)) and Hebei (HB, 6.06 µg/(m3•year)). Distinct O3 trends between Beijing and other cities in BTH could not be attributed to the significant decrease in PM2.5 (from -5.08 to -6.32 µg/(m3•year)) and CO (from -0.053 to -0.090 mg/(m3•year)) because their decreasing rates were approximately the same in all the cities. The relatively stable O3 concentrations during the investigating period in BJ may be attributed to a faster decreasing rate of NO2 (BJ: -2.55 µg/(m3•year); TJ: -1.16 µg/(m3•year); HB: -1.34 µg/(m3•year)), indicating that the continued reduction of NOx will be an effective mitigation strategy for reducing regional O3 pollution. Significant positive correlations were found between daily maximum 8 hr average (MDA8) O3 concentrations and vehicle population and highway freight transportation in HB. Therefore, we speculate that the increase in rural NOx emissions due to the increase in vehicle emissions in the vast rural areas around HB greatly accelerates regional O3 formation, accounting for the significant increasing trends of O3 in HB.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Ozônio , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Pequim , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Dióxido de Nitrogênio , Ozônio/análise , Material Particulado/análise , Emissões de Veículos
5.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 6079, 2022 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35414677

RESUMO

We study the crossed Andreev reflection in zigzag phosphorene nanoribbon based ferromagnet/superconductor/ferromagnet junction. Only edge states, which are entirely detached from the bulk gap, involved in the transport processes. The perfect crossed Andreev reflection, with the maximal nonlocal conductance [Formula: see text], is addressed by setting the electric potentials of the leads and device properly. At this situation, the local Andreev reflection and the electron tunneling are completely eliminated, the incoming electrons can only be reflected as electrons or transmitted as holes, corresponding to the electron reflection and the crossed Andreev reflection respectively.The nonlocal conductance oscillates periodically with the length and the electric potential of the superconductor. Our study shows that the phosphorene based junction can be used as the quantum device to generate entangled-electrons.

6.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 13(4)2022 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35457865

RESUMO

The surface of metal mirrors is often polished by electroless coating with a Ni-P modified layer after single-point diamond turning. In practice, however, improvements in mirror quality are closely related to the polishing environment, polishing medium, and polishing force. If not adequately controlled, processing defects such as visible scratches can lead to the deterioration of surface roughness. Based on the Ni-P modified surface of a metal reflector mirror, this study optimizes the configuration of magnetorheological figuring (MRF) fluid and polishing process parameters so that MRF high-efficiency surface modification can be realized and the scratch problem can be resolved. The processing method of a high-performance metal mirror is developed by studying the high-efficiency and high-precision processing technology based on small head smoothing. The surface roughness achieved by the proposed method was better than Ra = 0.39 nm. The ultrasonic cleaning process effectively improved the surface roughness after processing. According to the combined processing technology developed in this study, the modified layer of the parabolic mirror with a diameter of 370 mm was processed, and the surface quality was increased from RMS = 338.684 nm to RMS = 21.267 nm.

7.
J Int Med Res ; 50(4): 3000605221089799, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35400214

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The 5-year survival rate of patients with esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC) is very low. However, long-term aspirin use has been suggested to have an adjuvant therapeutic effect. We therefore investigated the effect of long-term aspirin use before ESCC diagnosis on postoperative patient survival. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent esophageal cancer resection in our hospital from 2008 to 2018. Patients were divided into an aspirin group (n = 79) and control group (n = 79), and were followed up until December 2019. We analyzed the clinicopathological and follow-up data of the patients during hospitalization, and the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) protein expression levels by immunohistochemistry, and related these to postoperative survival. RESULTS: Patients who took aspirin had significantly lower survival rates than those who did not. COX-2-negative patients had better survival than patients with either low or high COX-2 expression levels. T stage was the only independent predictor of survival in patients who took aspirin. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term regular use of aspirin before diagnosis had an adverse effect on postoperative survival in patients with ESCC. Different COX-2 protein expression levels were associated with significantly different postoperative survival rates, with COX-2-positive patients having the poorest survival.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/cirurgia , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Pharmgenomics Pers Med ; 15: 301-309, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35387413

RESUMO

Background: Several studies have shown that ATP-binding cassette transporter A7 (ABCA7) gene variation is associated with cognitive impairment. This study was aimed to investigate the relationship between ABCA7 rs3764650 polymorphism and perioperative neurocognitive disorder (pNCD). Methods: A total of 132 elderly patients aged 65 and over who underwent elective non-cardiac surgery were enrolled in the study, while 28 healthy volunteers matching age and sex were recruited as the control group. A battery of neuropsychological tests was conducted 1 day before, 7 days, and 3 months after surgeries. Delayed neurocognitive recovery (dNCR) and postoperative mild or major neurocognitive disorder (POCD) were determined using the Z value method. The venous blood sample of the surgical patients was taken before the operation. Genotyping of rs3764650 was performed using polymerase chain reaction amplification and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Results: The incidences of dNCR and POCD were 29.7% and 16.8% at 7 days and 3 months after surgery, respectively. The G allele frequency and GG frequency of dNCR patients were significantly higher than that of non-dNCR patients (43.3% vs 28.2%, P=0.035; 23.3% vs 4.2%, P=0.013, respectively) at 7 days following surgery. No significant differences in ABCA7 alleles between POCD and non-POCD patients were observed 3 months postoperatively. Conclusion: ABCA7 rs3764650 gene polymorphism is associated with dNCR and GG genotype might be a predisposing factor for postoperative cognitive impairment in Chinese Han elderly populations.

9.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 14: 847648, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35462687

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the current management of thrombolysis related hemorrhagic transformation (HT) in real-world practice, and whether these treatments would reduce the risk of 3-month death and hematoma expansion after HT. Methods: A multicenter retrospective study was performed in three comprehensive stroke centers in China (West China Hospital, The First People's Hospital of Ziyang, and Mianyang Central Hospital) between January 1st 2012 and December 31th 2020. Participants were patients diagnosed with HT after intravenous thrombolytics on brain computed tomography (CT) within 36 h after stroke onset. The treatment after thrombolysis related HT included aggressive therapy (procoagulant, neurosurgical treatment) and dehydration therapy (mannitol or glycerin and fructose). The primary clinical outcome was 3-month death. The primary radiographic outcome was hematoma expansion, defined as a 33% increase in the hematoma volume using the (A × B × C)/2 method on follow-up imaging. Results: Of 538 patients with ischemic stroke receiving thrombolysis included during the study period, 94 patients (17.4%) were diagnosed with HT, 50% (47/94) of whom were symptomatic HT. The 3-month death was 31.5% (29/92), with two patients having been lost to follow up. A total of 68 patients (72.3%) had follow-up brain CT scans after HT detection for evaluating hematoma expansion, of whom 14.7% (10/68) had hematoma expansion. Among the 10 patients with hematoma expansion, 7 patients were from symptomatic HT group, and 3 patients were from the asymptomatic hematoma group. In regard to escalation in therapy, six patients received neurosurgical treatment and three patients had a fresh frozen plasma infusion. In addition, dehydration therapy was the most common management after HT diagnosis [87.2% (82 of 94)]. In the multivariable models, refusing any treatment after HT diagnosis was the sole factor associated with increased 3-month death (odds ratio, 13.6; 95% CI, 3.98-56.9) and hematoma expansion risk (odds ratio, 8.54; 95% CI, 1.33-70.1). In regard to the effects of aggressive therapy, a non-significant association of receiving hemostatic/neurosurgery therapy with a lower 3-month death and hematoma expansion risk was observed (all P > 0.05). Conclusion: Refusing any treatment after HT detection had a significant trend of increasing 3-month death and hematoma expansion risk after HT. Our finding of hematoma expansion among patients with asymptomatic HT in non-western populations suggests an opportunity for intervention. Very few patients after thrombolysis related HT diagnosis received procoagulant or neurosurgical therapies. Large multicenter studies enrolling diverse populations are needed to examine the efficacy of these therapies on different HT subtypes.

10.
J Environ Manage ; 314: 115044, 2022 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35427943

RESUMO

In this study, coal gangue (CG) was applied as media in bioretention system to remove runoff pollutant. CG modified bioretention systems show good removal efficiency towards runoff pollutant due to the high adsorption capacity of CG. The removal of total phosphorus (TP), total nitrogen (TN), ammonia (NH4+-N) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) by CG modified bioretention systems was influenced by diverse rainfall conditions including rainfall concentration, recurrence period and drying period, and their removal rate ranged 94-99%, 30-70%, 83-97% and 33-86%, respectively. The effluent concentration of Zn, Pb and Cu was as low as 3.14-10.99 µg/L, 0.66-2.56 µg/L and 0.60-3.15 µg/L, respectively. In addition, CG could promote the plant heavy metal uptake and thus decrease their accumulation in soil to a certain extent. Meanwhile, Malondialdehyde (MDA) content and peroxidases (POD) activities of plants in CG modified bioretention were lower than that in tradition bioretention, indicating that CG could help plants recovery and lessened the oxidative stress for the negative impact of high heavy metals accumulation. CG-based media alleviated the inhibitory effect of rainwater runoff pollutant accumulation (especially heavy metals) on microbial diversity and the enhancement of the dominant bacteria (such as Proteobacteria and Bacteroidota) could conduce the nutrients removal in the bioretention systems. In overall, this study demonstrated that the CG modified bioretention systems show an excellent removal performance combine with biological effects.

11.
Biomolecules ; 12(3)2022 02 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35327545

RESUMO

The surreptitious discoveries of the protease activities on arginine-methylated targets of a subfamily of Jumonji domain-containing family including JMJD5, JMJD6, and JMJD7 pose several questions regarding their authenticity, function, purpose, and relations with others. At the same time, despite several decades of efforts and massive accumulating data regarding the roles of the arginine methyltransferase family (PRMTs), the exact function of this protein family still remains a mystery, though it seems to play critical roles in transcription regulation, including activation and inactivation of a large group of genes, as well as other biological activities. In this review, we aim to elucidate that the function of JMJD5/6/7 and PRMTs are likely coupled. Besides roles in the regulation of the biogenesis of membrane-less organelles in cells, they are major players in regulating stimulating transcription factors to control the activities of RNA Polymerase II in higher eukaryotes, especially in the animal kingdom. Furthermore, we propose that arginine methylation by PRMTs could be a ubiquitous action marked for destruction after missions by a subfamily of the Jumonji protein family.


Assuntos
Arginina , Proteína-Arginina N-Metiltransferases , Animais , Arginina/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular , Metilação , Peptídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Proteína-Arginina N-Metiltransferases/genética
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35328935

RESUMO

Research on the aesthetic experience of music has largely focused on tonal music, while relatively less is known about individuals' differences in the aesthetic experience of atonal music. According to the compensatory control theory, we hypothesized that perceived personal control significantly and positively predicted individuals' tendency to prefer atonal music, while the need for structure played a mediating role. The present research investigated who tends to prefer atonal music, and why. A sample of college students listened to atonal music and completed questionnaires on perceived personal control, the need for structure, and their aesthetic judgment of the music. Our analysis showed that individuals with higher perceived personal control exhibited a stronger tendency to prefer atonal music, compared with those who had lower perceived control; moreover, the need for structure played a mediating role between perceived control and aesthetic experience of atonal music. These results revealed which audience was suitable for atonal music and extended the explanatory scope of the compensatory control theory. The theoretical and practical implications and limitations of these findings are discussed.


Assuntos
Música , Percepção Auditiva , Estética , Humanos , Julgamento
13.
Am J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 12(1): 25-32, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35295888

RESUMO

We used semi-quantitative grading of musculoskeletal ultrasound to evaluate wrist and hand lesions of subclinical synovitis, in order to make earlier diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis. A total of 164 patients were included in this study. Physical examination and ultrasound examination were used to evaluate 30 joints of the wrist and hand. According to the clinical symptoms, the patients were divided into subclinical synovitis (SS) group and clinical synovitis (CS) group. The wrist and hand joints of patients with rheumatoid arthritis between the two groups were evaluated by semi-quantitative grading of musculoskeletal ultrasound, including synovitis, Power Doppler signal, joint effusion and bone erosion. We found that the total score of semi-quantitative ultrasound, synovitis score and Power Doppler signal score in the SS group were lower than those in the CS group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in joint effusion score and bone erosion score (P>0.05). In the analysis of laboratory examination, the value of anti-RA33 antibody and ESR of SS group were decreased than that of CS group, with statistically significant difference (P=0.004), while that of RF, AKA and CCP had no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). In this study, the author also compared the tenosynovitis between the two groups. There was statistically significant difference (P=0.033). In conclusions, semi-quantitative grading of musculoskeletal ultrasound has certain diagnostic value for the diagnosis of subclinical synovitis in wrist and hand lesion.

14.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2022 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35271270

RESUMO

Urbanization perturbs air pollutants from a dynamic and thermodynamic perspective, which has inspired extensive investigations in China due to rapid urban land expansion in the past four decades. However, knowledge gaps remain in the long-term and nationwide responses to air pollutants to urbanization. The evolution of tropospheric ozone associated with urban land expansion across China was assessed from 1980 to 2017 using a coupled WRF-Chem model based on a recently updated land use change (LUC) data set. The results revealed that urban-land expansion drove growing ozone trends for this period and contributed about 3-9% to its summer maximum concentrations during the 2010s in major urban agglomerations across China. The association between a long-term change in summer O3 concentrations and LUC after excluding the effect of precursor emissions and meteorological conditions and causes of interannual (short-term) variations in O3 concentrations induced by urban-land expansion were also explored by examining the relationships between ozone fluctuations and meteorological variables.

15.
BMC Res Notes ; 15(1): 81, 2022 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35197120

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: 5-Methylcytosine (m5C) is a type of chemical modification on the nucleotides and is widespread in both DNA and RNA. Although the DNA m5C has been extensively studied over the past years, the distribution and biological function of RNA m5C still remain to be elucidated. Here, I explored the profiles of RNA m5C in four mouse tissues by applying a RNA cytosine methylation data analysis tool to public mouse RNA m5C data. RESULTS: I found that the methylation rates of cytosine were the same with the averages of methylation level at single-nucleotide level. Furthermore, I gave a mathematical formula to describe the observed relationship and analyzed it deeply. The sufficient necessary condition for the given formula suggests that the methylation levels at most m5C sites are the same in four mouse tissues. Therefore, I proposed a hypothesis that the m5C formation catalyzed by RNA methyltransferase is random and with the same probability at most m5C sites, which is the methylation rate of cytosine. My hypothesis can be used to explain the observed profiles of RNA m5C in four mouse tissues and will be benefit to future studies of the distribution and biological function of RNA m5C in mammals.


Assuntos
5-Metilcitosina , RNA , Animais , Catálise , Metilação de DNA , Metiltransferases/genética , Camundongos , RNA/genética , Transcriptoma
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35206574

RESUMO

The tightening of the financing environment and global climate change have become urgent problems for high-quality economic development all over the world. Facing these challenges, the Chinese government is committed to alleviating regional financing constraints and setting carbon-emission reduction targets. However, are these measures effective for high-quality urban development? This paper attempts to use unbalanced panel data from 290 cities on the Chinese mainland from 2004-2017 to provide an answer to the problem using a scatter plot and the mediator effect model. Results show that: (1) financing constraints limit the funds required for urban development, which is not conducive to high-quality urban development, but high-quality urban development has the characteristics of "path dependence"; (2) In the context of environmental regulation, financing constraints are mainly enacted through reducing carbon emissions, which is inconducive to high-quality urban development. Carbon emissions are the transmission mechanism whereby financing constraints affect high-quality urban development; (3) Cities with large financing constraints have insufficient capital investment for high-quality urban development, and the aggravation of financing constraints has an increasingly obvious inhibitory effect on high-quality urban development. Moreover, due to the effect of the global economic crisis in 2008, the negative effect of financing constraints on high-quality urban development had the characteristics of U-shaped fluctuation. Thus, this paper believes that the implementation of China's double carbon policy is at the expense of high-quality urban development, and there is a long way to go before high-quality urban development reaches later stages. Other countries should carefully weigh up the relationship between environmental pollution and economic development when facing financing constraints.


Assuntos
Carbono , Reforma Urbana , Carbono/análise , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , China , Cidades , Desenvolvimento Econômico
17.
Environ Sci Technol ; 56(4): 2225-2235, 2022 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35119844

RESUMO

North China is among the most polluted regions in the country, and human exposure to PM2.5 (particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 µm) in this region has led to severe health consequences. The region has also benefited the most from emission reductions in recent years. It is of interest to understand to what extent and through which paths emissions from different sectors cause adverse health impacts. Here, we present the results of a full evaluation of the health benefits of emission control actions implemented in recent years based on segregated emission inventories with an emphasis on residential emissions. Two major causal paths, one from residential emissions to indoor air pollution, exposure, and premature deaths, and the other from nonresidential emissions to ambient air pollution and psychophysical impacts, were identified and quantified. From 2014 to 2019, both ambient (33%) and indoor (39%) PM2.5 decreased significantly, leading to decreasing trends in exposure (36%), premature deaths (10%), and psychophysical impacts (21%). The Air Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan, the Clean Heating Campaign, and spontaneous residential shifts to clean energy contributed significantly to these reductions when the effects of other drivers, such as population and economic growth, were excluded.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados , Poluição do Ar , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Poluição do Ar/prevenção & controle , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/prevenção & controle , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Material Particulado/análise
18.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 15: 131-140, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35046684

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Absolute or relative lack of insulin secretion caused by pancreatic ß-cell dysfunction can lead to diabetes. Astragaloside IV (AS-IV), the main components of the traditional Chinese medicine Astragalus, has anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic properties, and exerts anti-diabetic pharmacological effects. PURPOSE: To explore whether AS-IV can protect the apoptosis and dysfunction of pancreatic ß-cells induced by streptozotocin (STZ) and its underlying molecular mechanism. METHODS: STZ-induced pancreatic ß-cell line INS-1 was treated with different concentrations of AS-IV, then cell viability, apoptosis, oxidative stress and insulin secretion was assessed by CCK-8, TUNEL staining, Western blot, commercial kits and qRT-PCR, respectively. The expression of proteins involved in Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1)/p53 and Akt/glycogen synthase kinase-3 ß (GSK3ß)/nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) signaling was measured by Western blot assay. Besides, Akt inhibitor MK-2206 and SIRT1 inhibitor EX-527 were used to co-treat STZ-induced INS-1 cells in the presence of AS-IV, and the above experiments were repeated. RESULTS: AS-IV increased the cell viability of INS-1 cells induced by STZ. AS-IV also reduced the increase in apoptosis rate and reversed STZ-induced down-regulation of Bcl-2 and up-regulation of Bax and Cleaved caspase 3. In addition, AS-IV significantly reduced STZ-induced malondialdehyde upregulation and reduced superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase levels. Furthermore, the use of AS-IV was found to increase the insulin secretion capacity of INS-1 cells with impaired function, along with the increase of the mRNA levels of insulin 1 and insulin 2. Mechanism studies further showed that MK-2206 and EX-527 reversed the protective effect of AS-IV against STZ-induced injury on INS-1 cells. CONCLUSION: AS-IV exerted cytoprotective effect on STZ-induced INS-1 cells through regulating SIRT1/p53 and Akt/GSK3ß/Nrf2 signaling pathways. These findings are expected to provide new supplements to the molecular mechanism of AS-IV in the treatment of diabetes.

19.
Exp Cell Res ; 412(2): 113033, 2022 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35041823

RESUMO

Exosomes mediate cellular communications in cancer by transmitting active molecules. However, the CAFs-derived molecular determinants that regulate esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) metastasis have not been fully characterized. The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential roles of exosomal LINC01410 of ESCC cells. The characteristics of exosomes were identified using transmission electron microscope (TEM), Nanoparticle Tracking Analysis (NTA). The expression of LINC01410 and miR-122-5p was analyzed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) assay. The biological roles of LINC01410 in ESCC cells were investigated using transwell assay. Western blot assay was employed to detect protein levels. The potential downstream molecular mechanism of LINC01410 was demonstrated with dual-luciferase reporter assay, RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay and RNA pull down. CAFs promote the metastasis and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of ESCC cells. CAFs exert their roles by transferring exosomes to ESCC cells, leading to a significant increase of LINC01410 level in ESCC cells. Mechanically, LINC01410 secreted by CAFs-Exo could contribute to metastasis and EMT by sponging miR-122-5p and increasing PKM2 level in TE-1 and Eca-109 cells. Additionally, LINC01410/miR-122-5p/PKM2 axis affecting ESCC metastasis and EMT in vitro and in vivo.


Assuntos
Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer/metabolismo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/fisiologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/metabolismo , Exossomos/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , MicroRNAs/metabolismo
20.
Environ Pollut ; 297: 118782, 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34979173

RESUMO

A portable emission sampling system was used to perform on-site measurements of the emission factors (EFs; quantities of pollutants emitted per unit of energy consumed) of 29 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) for five types of marine vessels using light diesel in Hainan Province, China. Both gaseous- and particulate-phase PAHs from vessel emissions were sampled and measured using gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and the PAH EFs were calculated based on the carbon mass balance method. The average EFs of gaseous- and particulate-phase PAHs were 6.2 ± 7.8 and 17 ± 26 mg/kg, with naphthalene (NAP) and phenanthrene (PHE) dominating the gaseous- and particulate-phase PAH emissions, respectively. Among the five types of vessels, the EFs for small fishing boats were significantly higher than those for other types of vessels, and the lowest EFs were found for tug boats. Composition profiles and typical isomer ratios of PAHs were calculated for five types of vessels. Particulate-phase PAHs accounted for 63 ± 16% of the total emissions of 29 PAH species, and the particulate/gaseous-phase partitioning of PAHs was dominated by organic carbon (OC) absorption rather than black carbon (BC) adsorption. Emission factors of PAHs under different activity conditions were measured and calculated, and relatively higher EFs were found in the maneuvering mode for medium fishing boats and in the operating mode for engineering vessels. No significant differences were found among the PAH composition profiles under different activity conditions.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Material Particulado/análise , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...