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1.
Cell Prolif ; : e12976, 2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33393124

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In mammals, early pregnancy is a critical vulnerable period during which complications may arise, including pregnancy failure. Establishment of a maternal endometrial acceptance phenotype is a prerequisite for semiheterogeneous embryo implantation, comprising the rate-limiting step of early pregnancy. METHODS: Confocal fluorescence, immunohistochemistry and western blot for nuclear and cytoplasmic protein were used to examine the activation of yes-associated protein (YAP) in uterine tissue and primary endometrial cells. The target binding between miR16a and YAP was verified by dual-luciferase reporter gene assay. The mouse pregnancy model and pseudopregnancy model were used to investigate the role of YAP in the maternal uterus during early pregnancy in vivo. RESULTS: We showed that YAP translocates into the nucleus in the endometrium of cattle and mice during early pregnancy. Mechanistically, YAP acts as a mediator of ECM rigidity and cell density, which requires the actomyosin cytoskeleton and is partially dependent on the Hippo pathway. Furthermore, we found that the soluble factor IFNτ, which is a ruminant pregnancy recognition factor, also induced activation of YAP by reducing the expression of miR-16a. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that activation of YAP is necessary for early pregnancy in bovines because it induced cell proliferation and established an immunosuppressive local environment that allowed conceptus implantation into the uterine epithelium.

2.
Disaster Med Public Health Prep ; : 1-29, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33413723

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Since December 2019, a new coronavirus viral was initially detected in Wuhan, China. Population migration increases the risk of epidemic transmission. Here the objective of study is to estimate the output risk quantitatively and evaluate the effectiveness of travel restrictions of Wuhan city. METHODS: We proposed a modified SEIR dynamics model to predict the number of COVID-19 symptomatic and asymptomatic infections in Wuhan. And subsequently we estimated the export risk of COVID-19 epidemic from Wuhan to other provinces in China. Finally, we estimated the effectiveness of travel restrictions of Wuhan city quantitatively by the export risk on the assumption that the measure was postponed. FINDINGS: The export risks of COVID-19 varied from Wuhan to other provinces of China. The peak of export risk was January 21-23, 2020. With the travel restrictions of Wuhan delayed by 3, 5 and 7 days, the export risk indexes will increase by 38.50%, 55.89% and 65.63%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that the travel restrictions of Wuhan reduced the export risk and delayed the overall epidemic progression of the COVID-19 epidemic in China. The travel restrictions of Wuhan city may provide a reference for the control of the COVID-19 epidemic all over the world.

3.
Theranostics ; 11(1): 257-267, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33391473

RESUMO

Rationale: Platinum-based chemotherapy is one of treatment mainstay for patients with advanced lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) but it is still a "one-size fits all" approach. Here, we aimed to investigate the predictive and monitoring role of circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) profiling for the outcome of first-line chemotherapy in patients with advanced LUSC. Methods: Peripheral blood samples of 155 patients from a phase IV trial and 42 cases from an external real-world cohort were prospectively collected. We generated a copy number variations-based classifier via machine learning algorithm to integrate molecular profiling of cfDNA, named RESPONSE SCORE (RS) to predict the treatment outcome. To monitor the treatment efficacy, cfDNA samples collected at different time points were subjected to an ultra-deep sequencing platform. Results: The results showed that patients with high RS showed substantially higher objective response rate than those with low RS in training set (P < 0.001), validation set (P < 0.001) and real-world cohort (P = 0.019). Furthermore, a significant difference was observed in both progression-free survival (training set, P < 0.001; validation set: P < 0.001; real-world cohort: P = 0.019) and overall survival (training set, P < 0.001; validation set: P = 0.037) between high and low RS group. Notably, variant allele frequency (VAF) calculated from an ultra-deep sequencing platform significantly reduced in patients experienced a complete or partial response after 2 cycles of chemotherapy (P < 0.001), while it significantly increased in these of non-responder (P < 0.001). Moreover, VAF undetectable after 2 cycles of chemotherapy was correlated with markedly better objective response rate (P < 0.001) and progression-free survival (P < 0.001) than those with detectable VAF. Conclusions: These findings indicated that the RS, a circulating cfDNA sequencing-based stratification index, could help to guide first-line chemotherapy in advanced LUSC. The change of VAF is valuable to monitor the treatment response.

4.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 208: 111730, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33396061

RESUMO

Copper (Cu) is a common environmental pollutant in nature. Cu-poisoning can cause liver damage and erythrocytes hemolysis. To evaluate the effect of CuSO4 poisoning on the morphological and functional characteristics of goat red blood cells. Five 10-14-month-old goats were selected for jugular vein blood sampling to obtain erythrocytes, and then the erythrocytes were processed with different concentrations (0, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 µmol/L) of CuSO4 for 48 h, and 40 µmol/L doses CuSO4 incubated for different time (12, 24, 36, 48 and 60 h) to process erythrocytes. We observed the changes in erythrocyte morphology through scanning electron microscopy, and detected the antioxidant function and activities of three ATPases. Additionally, biological properties were examined from the perspectives of phospholipids and membrane protein components, permeability fragility, and fluidity in erythrocytes. We found that after CuSO4 treatment, the antioxidant capacity of erythrocytes decreased, which was manifested as increased MDA content and decreased CuZn-SOD and GSH-Px activities (p < 0.05). In addition, we also found that erythrocyte fluidity decreased, osmotic fragility increased, membrane phospholipid percentage and protein composition changes abnormally, and Na+/K+-ATPase, Mg2+-ATPase and Ca2+-ATPase activities decreased (p < 0.05). From the results, it can be concluded that CuSO4 exposure causes hemolysis of goat erythrocytes through oxidative stress to the structure and function of erythrocytes, showing a dose-time effect.

5.
Chemosphere ; 262: 127626, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32777608

RESUMO

Cathode, where electro-catalytic oxidation barely took place, could exert a significant influence on electro-catalytic efficiency, whereas little investigation has been focused on this effect. In this study, the effect of cathode configuration on electro-catalytic activities was investigated with phenol as model pollutant, and the mechanism was revealed from the perspective of mass transfer with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation. Compared with the planar Ti cathode, the electro-catalytic reactor with mesh Ti exhibited 1.21-1.26 times faster phenol degradation rate under various testing inlet flow rates. CFD simulation revealed the higher velocity distribution both in the reactor and on anode surface when meshed Ti cathode was used, which benefited faster fluid flow so that the pollutant transfer was accelerate especially at higher inlet flow rate. Excellent agreement of mass transfer between CFD simulation and experimental analysis was achieved, the mass transfer coefficient with mesh Ti was 1.40-1.55 times of the case with planar cathode under various inlet flow rates. The enhanced mass transfer performance was mainly ascribed to the rhombic pores of mesh cathode where hydrogen bubbles generated on would escape timely and randomly at various directions, leading to the disturbance of fluid flow around the anode. This study highlighted mesh cathode played a key role in improving pollutant degradation, and CFD, as a versatile and convenient tool to analyze the hydrodynamic behavior of electro-catalytic reactor, showed a strong persuasion to guide the optimization of electrode configuration.


Assuntos
Fenol/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Catálise , Simulação por Computador , Eletrodos , Hidrodinâmica , Oxirredução , Fenóis , Titânio
6.
Bioresour Technol ; 320(Pt A): 124292, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33161313

RESUMO

The electricity production of microbial electrochemical system can be substantially strengthened by coupling with a reverse electrodialysis stack which extracts energy from salinity gradient, therefore provides a possible way for value-added products in cathode without external energy input. Here, a microbial reverse-electrodialysis CO2 reduction cell (MRECC) was developed and successfully utilized to drive CO2-to-formate conversion on a Bi/Cu cathode. Results confirmed the optimal anodic COD load and cathodic CO2 flow rate to be 1 g NaAc L-1 and 10 mL min-1. MRECC could yielded 143.5 ± 8.1 mg L-1 of formate with total energy efficiency of 4.6 ± 0.9% and coulombic efficiency of 46.4 ± 2.4%. Increasing or decreasing anode or cathode load impaired MRECC performance from economic and environmental viabilities. MRECC provided a promising platform for simultaneous CO2 reduction and value-added chemicals production by using sustainable energy from wastewaters.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Dióxido de Carbono , Eletricidade , Formiatos , Salinidade
7.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0242918, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33320845

RESUMO

Various items of roll molds are popularly used to fabricate different kinds of optical films for optoelectronic information and other new and high-tech fields, while the fabrication and evaluation of optical microstructures on a cylindrical roller surface is more difficult than ecumenically manufactured products. In this study, the machinability of microstructures on the roll based on a fast tool servo (FTS) system is investigated. First, the flexible hinge holder for a FTS is designed and its structural parameters are optimized with finite-element analysis and fatigue reliability theory. The tool radius compensation algorithm for complicated microstructures is then deduced based on the surface fitting and bilinear interpolation algorithm of discrete data. Meanwhile, the evaluation index and method are proposed by the medium section method. Finally, a machining test of aspheric arrays on a cylindrical aluminum surface is carried out, and the high quality of the microstructure indicates that the proposed method is able to be used to fabricate optical microstructures.

8.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33355561

RESUMO

Encapsulating metal nanoparticles with a graphitic carbon shell to remit the loss of active sites has drawn attention in catalysis. Herein, we report the development of a facile strategy to prepare graphitic carbon encapsulated Cu nanoparticle (Cu@C) nanofibers by in situ pyrolysis of organic-layered copper hydroxides, which exhibited superior activity and durability for water splitting.

9.
J Dermatol Sci ; 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33358580

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is characterized by impaired skin barrier function and immune system dysfunction. The expression and role of Yes-associated protein (YAP) in AD are unclear. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the role of the YAP in T cell imbalance and epidermal keratinocyte dysfunction in the pathogenesis of AD. METHODS: We included 35 patients with AD (21 acute and 14 chronic). An AD mouse model was constructed using 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene, and AD-like inflammatory cell model was constructed using TNF-α/IFN-γ-activated HaCaT cells. The proportion of Th1/Th2/Th17/Treg cells was detected using flow cytometry. After mononuclear cells were obtained from human peripheral blood or mouse spleen and induced to differentiate into different T cell subsets, YAP mRNA and protein expression were analyzed. Up-regulation of YAP was induced by lentivirus and down-regulation of YAP was induced by its specific inhibitor verteporfin (VP). The expression of YAP in skin lesions and infiltrating T cell subsets was detected using immunohistochemistry and double immunofluorescence staining, respectively. RESULTS: We found differing degrees of Th1/Th2/Th17/Treg imbalance in acute and chronic AD. YAP expression was downregulated in Treg cells and upregulated in Th17 cells; YAP expression was downregulated in the AD epidermis. After YAP overexpression, the proportion of both Th17 and the Treg cells differentiated from mouse spleen mononuclear cells increased. There was an opposite trend after YAP inhibition. The proliferation and migration decreased and apoptosis increased after YAP inhibition in HaCaT cells. CONCLUSION: Change of YAP expression may cause T cell imbalance and hamper the healing of the epidermis in AD.

10.
Front Oncol ; 10: 584793, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33194730

RESUMO

Background: Gynecologic cancers have become a major threat to women's health. The molecular biology of gynecologic cancers is not as well understood as that of breast cancer, and precision targeting is still new. Although viewed collectively as a group of cancers within the female reproductive system, they are more often studied separately. A comprehensive within-group comparison on molecular profiles is lacking. Methods: We conducted a whole-exome sequencing study of cervical/endometrial/ovarian cancer samples from 209 Chinese patients. We combined our data with genomic and transcriptomic data from relevant TCGA cohorts to identify and verify common/exclusive molecular changes in cervical/endometrial/ovarian cancer. Results: We identified shared molecular features including a COSMIC signature of deficient mismatch repair (dMMR), four recurrent copy-number variation (CNV) events, and extensive alterations in PI3K-Akt-mTOR signaling and cilium component genes; we also identified transcription factors and pathways that are exclusively altered in cervical/endometrial/ovarian cancer. The functions of the commonly/exclusively altered genomic circuits suggest (1) a common reprogramming process during early tumor initiation, which involves PI3K activation, defects in mismatch repair and cilium organization, as well as disruption in interferon signaling and immune recognition; (2) a cell-type specific program at late-stage tumor development that eventually lead to tumor proliferation and migration. Conclusion: This study describes, from a molecular point of view, how similar and how different gynecologic cancers are, and it provides a hypothesis about the causes of the observed similarities and differences.

11.
Plant Cell Environ ; 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33215716

RESUMO

In plants, cellular lipid peroxidation is enhanced under low nitrogen (LN) stress; this increases the lipid-derived reactive carbonyl species (RCS) levels. The cellular toxicity of RCS can be reduced by various RCS-scavenging enzymes. However, the roles of these enzymes in alleviating oxidative stress and improving nutrient use efficiency (NUE) under nutrient stress remain unknown. Here, we overexpressed maize endogenous NADPH-dependent 2-alkenal reductase (ZmAER) in maize; it significantly increased the tolerance of transgenic plants (OX-AER) to LN stress. Under LN condition, the biomass, nitrogen accumulation, NUE, and leaf photosynthesis of the OX-AER plants were significantly higher than those of the wild-type (WT) plants. The leaf and root malondialdehyde and H2 O2 levels in the transgenic plants were significantly lower than those in WT. The expression of antioxidant enzyme-related genes ZmCAT3, ZmPOD5 and ZmPOD13 was significantly higher in the transgenic lines than in WT. Under LN stress, the nitrate reductase activity in the OX-AER leaves was significantly increased compared with that in the WT leaves. Furthermore, under LN stress, ZmNRT1.1 and ZmNRT2.5 expression was upregulated in the OX-AER plants compared with that in WT. Overall, up-regulated ZmAER expression could enhance maize's tolerance to LN stress by alleviating oxidative stress and improve NUE.

12.
Neurol Sci ; 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33140309

RESUMO

We acknowledge that the published works [1, 2] were conducted using data from the Chengdu stroke registry database.

13.
J Hazard Mater ; : 124047, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33153781

RESUMO

The possible application of TiO2 nanoparticles (nano-TiO2) to alleviate arsenic bioaccumulation in rice seedlings and such a functioning with their crystalline structure were investigated. Specifically, nano-TiO2 with anatase and rutile structures and the bulk TiO2 at 0, 10, 100, and 1000 mg/L were amended to the hydroponic exposure systems with arsenic concentration at 1 mg/L, and the plant was exposed for 7 days. Our findings indicated that nano-TiO2 significantly reduced arsenic bioaccumulation in rice seedlings by 40-90% via strong sorption process, but their growth was not affected. Nano-TiO2 amendment notably alleviated oxidative stress resulting from arsenic exposure. Without nano-TiO2 amendment, the iron plaque on root surfaces served as a strong barrier to inhibit arsenic uptake by rice seedlings. Interestingly, nano-TiO2 amendment significantly decreased the iron plaque amount by 50-63% and weakened the arsenic retention in this barrier by 47-99%, further verifying the overwhelming superiority of nano-TiO2 in inhibiting arsenic uptake by rice seedlings. Rutile nano-TiO2 (NRT) at 1000 mg/L presented to be a promising candidate for controlling arsenic uptake by the exposed rice seedlings, with no significant oxidative stress by the amended nano-TiO2, thereby mitigating health risk of arsenic to humans via food chain.

14.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33095991

RESUMO

Residential heating using solid fuels contributes significantly to air pollution and has subsequent health impacts in China. To mitigate emissions, a clean heating campaign (CHC-1) covering 28 municipalities has been implemented. Although only a single penetration rate was initially planned by CHC-1 for all municipalities, outcomes in the different municipalities varied considerably. Recently, a second phase (CHC-2) has been launched for the remaining 128 municipalities in northern China with once again a fixed penetration rate set. Here, we quantified factors that affected the penetration rates of CHC-1, developed an intervention scheme with differentiated targets for CHC-2, and compared the environmental and health benefits of the fixed- and differentiated-rate strategies. We found that the penetration rates of CHC-1 depended on per capita income, terrain slope, and population density and that such relationships could be quantified using a piecewise regression model. This model was applied to develop a differentiated-rate strategy for CHC-2. It clearly evidenced that a differentiated scheme would be more environmentally beneficial. Although the same number of rural households can achieve clean heating under both intervention scenarios, the proposed differentiated strategy can prevent 30 000 (23 000-34 000) premature deaths associated with residential heating annually compared to the 26 000 (21 000-31 000) premature deaths prevented under the fixed-rate scheme. Differences among gender and age groups and the effects of urbanization and aging are also discussed.

15.
Sci Adv ; 6(44)2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33115732

RESUMO

Residential contribution to air pollution-associated health impacts is critical, but inadequately addressed because of data gaps. Here, we fully model the effects of residential energy use on emissions, outdoor and indoor PM2.5 concentrations, exposure, and premature deaths using updated energy data. We show that the residential sector contributed only 7.5% of total energy consumption but contributed 27% of primary PM2.5 emissions; 23 and 71% of the outdoor and indoor PM2.5 concentrations, respectively; 68% of PM2.5 exposure; and 67% of PM2.5-induced premature deaths in 2014 in China, with a progressive order of magnitude increase from sources to receptors. Biomass fuels and coal provided similar contributions to health impacts. These findings are particularly true for rural populations, which contribute more to emissions and face higher premature death risks than urban populations. The impacts of both residential and nonresidential emissions are interconnected, and efforts are necessary to simultaneously mitigate both emission types.

16.
Bioanalysis ; 12(22): 1635-1646, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33118839

RESUMO

Aim: Dihydroartemisinin (DHA) was also found therapeutic potential for the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). To assess the pharmacokinetic profile of DHA, the concentration of DHA in plasma of SLE patients needed be accurately determined based on a rapid and reliable analytical method. Experimental method & results: Developed method utilizes stable isotope-labeled internal standards and SPE method for sample preparation, applied XBridge C18 column (2.1 × 50 mm, 3.5 µm) for chromatography separation. Detection of the analytes was achieved by an AB Sciex 4000 mass spectrometer under positive electrospray ionization mode. The method was validated in accordance with international guidelines on bioanalytical methods validations. Conclusion: DHA concentrations in human plasma of Chinese SLE patients were quantified by developed LC-MS/MS (no. 2016L02562).

17.
Curr Med Res Opin ; 36(12): 1947-1953, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016133

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The safety profile of traditional Chinese medicine injections has emerged as the greatest challenge to their clinical application. The authors aimed to perform a post-marketing surveillance study in a real-world setting to evaluate the safety of the Xuesaitong (XST) injection in China. METHODS: This multi-centre, post-marketing, observational study enrolled patients who received XST injections in 42 centres in China between March 2015 and November 2017. Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and adverse drug events (ADEs) were collected and evaluated in a post-marketing database. Logistic regression analysis was performed to analyse the risk factors for ADRs. RESULTS: A total of 30,008 consecutive patients with a mean age of 62.29 ± 14.58 years were included in this post-marketing study. The incidences of ADEs and ADRs were 0.5% and 0.33%, respectively. The most common clinical manifestations were damage to skin and appendages (47.66%). There were four new kinds of ADEs found in the present monitoring study. The majority of ADRs were type B (62.62%) and occurred within 24 h after XST injection treatment. No severe ADRs were reported in this analysis. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the hospital level (OR = 0.607; 95% CI = 0.407-0.906; p = .0144), hypertension (OR = 1.979; 95% CI, 1.323-2.959; p = .0009) and solvent type (OR = 2.951; 95% CI, 1.608-5.417; p = .0005) were risk factors for ADR occurrence. CONCLUSION: XST injection is well tolerated and has a favourable safety profile for patients in a real-world setting. This post-marketing study provided further evidence of the safety of XST injections for clinical applications.

18.
Neurology ; 95(24): e3331-e3343, 2020 12 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32913026

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify common genetic variants associated with the presence of brain microbleeds (BMBs). METHODS: We performed genome-wide association studies in 11 population-based cohort studies and 3 case-control or case-only stroke cohorts. Genotypes were imputed to the Haplotype Reference Consortium or 1000 Genomes reference panel. BMBs were rated on susceptibility-weighted or T2*-weighted gradient echo MRI sequences, and further classified as lobar or mixed (including strictly deep and infratentorial, possibly with lobar BMB). In a subset, we assessed the effects of APOE ε2 and ε4 alleles on BMB counts. We also related previously identified cerebral small vessel disease variants to BMBs. RESULTS: BMBs were detected in 3,556 of the 25,862 participants, of which 2,179 were strictly lobar and 1,293 mixed. One locus in the APOE region reached genome-wide significance for its association with BMB (lead single nucleotide polymorphism rs769449; odds ratio [OR]any BMB [95% confidence interval (CI)] 1.33 [1.21-1.45]; p = 2.5 × 10-10). APOE ε4 alleles were associated with strictly lobar (OR [95% CI] 1.34 [1.19-1.50]; p = 1.0 × 10-6) but not with mixed BMB counts (OR [95% CI] 1.04 [0.86-1.25]; p = 0.68). APOE ε2 alleles did not show associations with BMB counts. Variants previously related to deep intracerebral hemorrhage and lacunar stroke, and a risk score of cerebral white matter hyperintensity variants, were associated with BMB. CONCLUSIONS: Genetic variants in the APOE region are associated with the presence of BMB, most likely due to the APOE ε4 allele count related to a higher number of strictly lobar BMBs. Genetic predisposition to small vessel disease confers risk of BMB, indicating genetic overlap with other cerebral small vessel disease markers.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32772911

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is one of the malignancies exhibiting the fastest increase in morbidity and mortality, but the cause is not clearly understood. The goal of this investigation was to screen and identify relevant biomarkers of lung cancer. METHODS: Publicly available lung cancer data sets, including GSE40275 and GSE134381, were obtained from the GEO database. The repeatability test for data was done by principal component analysis (PCA), and a GEO2R was performed to screen differentially expressed genes (DEGs), which were all subjected to enrichment analysis. Protein-protein interactions (PPIs), and the significant module and hub genes were identified via Cytoscape. Expression and correlation analysis of hub genes was done, and an overall survival analysis of lung cancer was performed. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to test the sensitivity and specificity of the identified hub genes for diagnosing lung cancer. RESULTS: The repeatability of the two datasets was good and 115 DEGs and 10 hub genes were identified. Functional analysis revealed that these DEGs were associated with cell adhesion, the extracellular matrix, and calcium ion binding. The DEGs were mainly involved with ECM-receptor interaction, ABC transporters, cell-adhesion molecules, and the p53 signaling pathway. Ten genes including COL1A2, POSTN, DSG2, CDKN2A, COL1A1, KRT19, SLC2A1, SERPINB5, DSC3, and SPP1 were identified as hub genes through module analysis in the PPI network. Lung cancer patients with high expression of COL1A2, POSTN, DSG2, CDKN2A, COL1A1, SLC2A1, SERPINB5, and SPP1 had poorer overall survival times than those with low expression (p <0.05). The CTD database showed that 10 hub genes were closely related to lung cancer. Expression of POSTN, DSG2, CDKN2A, COL1A1, SLC2A1, SERPINB5, and SPP1 was also associated with a diagnosis of lung cancer (p<0.05). ROC analysis showed that SPP1 (AUC = 0.940, p = 0.000*, 95%CI = 0.930-0.973, ODT = 7.004), SLC2A1 (AUC = 0.889, p = 0.000*, 95%CI = 0.791-0.865, ODT = 7.123), CDKN2A (AUC = 0.730, p = 0.000*, 95%CI = 0.465-1.000, ODT = 6.071) were suitable biomarkers. CONCLUSIONS: Microarray technology represents an effective method for exploring genetic targets and molecular mechanisms of lung cancer. In addition, identification of hub genes of lung cancer provides novel research insights for the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer.

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