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1.
Br J Haematol ; 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696939

RESUMO

Donor selection for older leukaemia patients undergoing haematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) is not well defined: outcomes might be improved with a younger offspring donor rather than an older human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched sibling donor (MSD). We extended our multicentre dataset. A total of 185 acute leukaemia patients (≥ 50 years) transplanted in first complete remission who received HCT from offspring (n = 62) or MSD (n = 123) were included. A 1:1 ratio matched-pair analysis was performed. We were able to match 54 offspring with 54 MSD patients. Outcomes were compared between the two matched-pair groups. The cumulative incidence of grade II/IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) (26% vs. 35%; P = 0·23) and chronic GVHD (37% vs. 24%; P = 0·19) was comparable between groups (MSD vs. offspring). The lower three-year transplant-related mortality (9% vs. 26%; P = 0·023) and relapse incidence (6% vs. 17%; P = 0·066) resulted in higher overall survival (85% vs. 58%; P = 0·003) and leukaemia-free survival (LFS) (85% vs. 56%; P = 0·001) in offspring HCT compared with that in MSD HCT. These data might favour a young offspring over an older MSD in patients >50 years. The current analyses confirm that non-HLA donor characteristics, such as kinship and donor age, rather than HLA disparity, predominantly influence survival in older acute leukaemia patients.

2.
Br J Haematol ; 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31725190

RESUMO

We explored the prognostic factors for children with very high-risk (VHR) Philadelphia chromosome (Ph) negative B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (B-ALL) and compared the therapeutic effects of intensive chemotherapy and unmanipulated haploidentical haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) as post-remission treatment in these patients undergoing first complete remission (CR1). A total of 104 paediatric patients with VHR B-ALL in CR1 were retrospectively enrolled in this study, including 42 receiving unmanipulated haplo-HSCT (Group A) and 62 receiving ongoing chemotherapy (Group B). Estimated 3-year overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) at 36·2 months median follow-up were 69·5 ± 4·7%, 63·5 ± 4·8% and 32·4 ± 4·7%, respectively. Maintenance of persistent positive or conversion from negative to positive of measurable residual disease (MRD) and chemotherapy were independent risk factors associated with inferior long-term survival and higher CIR. OS, DFS, and CIR differed significantly between the groups in patients with persistent positive or negative-to-positive MRD. Haplo-HSCT may be an option for children with VHR Ph-negative B-ALL in CR1, especially for patients with persistent positive or negative-to-positive MRD, and could achieve better survival than intensive chemotherapy as post-remission treatment.

3.
J Mol Diagn ; 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751675

RESUMO

High WT1 expression after allogeneic hematologic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) can strongly predict relapse in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, the cutoff values obtained were inconsistent. The precise cutoff values may be optimized through subtype analysis, and the RUNX1-RUNX1T1 fusion transcript provides an ideal reference. RUNX1-RUNX1T1 and WT1 transcript levels were simultaneously measured in 1,299 bone marrow samples serially collected from 176 t(8;21) AML patients after receiving allo-HSCTfor. The upper limit of the normal bone marrow WT1 level was 0.6%, previously reported to be the cutoff value for significant relapse prediction in AML as a whole. The cutoff values 0.6%, 1.2%, and 1.8% for WT1 significantly differentiated patients in relapse after allo-HSCT. Nevertheless, both patients with WT1 levels 0.6% to 1.2% and those with levels between 1.2% to 1.8% post-HSCT had a similar cumulative incidence of relapse rates as those with a continuous WT1 level ≤0.6% and both were significantly lower than that of patients with a WT1 level >1.8%. WT1 expression was significantly related to the RUNX1-RUNX1T1 transcript levels at WT1 levels >1.8% but not at levels 0.6% to 1.2% and 1.2% to 1.8%. Therefore, subgroup analysis can optimize the relapse prediction cutoff value for WT1 expression, and a cutoff level of 1.8% more accurately differentiates t(8;21) AML patients in relapse after allo-HSCT than the cutoff level of 0.6%.

4.
Oncogene ; 2019 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31530934

RESUMO

Patients with stage II or III colorectal cancer (CRC) exhibit various clinical outcomes after radical treatments. The 5-year survival rate was between 50 and 87%. However, the underlying mechanisms of the variation remain unclear. Here we show that AMPKα1 is overexpressed in CRC patient specimens and the high expression is correlated with poor patient survival. We further reveal a previously unrecognized function of AMPKα1, which maintains high level of reduced glutathione to keep reduction-oxidation reaction (redox) homeostasis under stress conditions, thus promoting CRC cell survival under metabolic stress in vitro and enhancing tumorigenesis in vivo. Mechanistically, AMPKα1 regulate the glutathione reductase (GSR) phosphorylation possibly through residue Thr507 which enhances its activity. Suppression of AMPKα1 by using nano-sized polymeric vector induces a favorable therapeutic effect, especially when in combination with oxaliplatin. Our study uncovers a novel function of AMPKα1 in redox regulation and identifies a promising therapeutic strategy for treatment of CRC.

5.
J Hematol Oncol ; 12(1): 88, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31481121

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Low-dose post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy) in conjunction with anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) appears as a potentially effective graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prevention strategy in haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplant (haplo-HCT). Our study aims to assess the efficacy of this regimen. METHODS: We extended our prospective study in patients treated with low-dose PTCy (14.5 mg/kg on days 3 and 4) in ATG/granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)-based regimen and compared the results to the contemporary cohort of patients without low-dose PTCy (ATG cohort). Both study cohort and control are transplanted from maternal donor or collateral relatives. RESULTS: We identified 239 consecutive patients (ATG-PTCy cohort = 114; ATG cohort = 125). All patients but one in ATG cohort achieved myeloid engraftment by day 30 post-HCT. We found that both the cumulative incidence of 100-day grade III-IV aGvHD and non-relapse-mortality (NRM) in the ATG-PTCy cohort was significantly reduced than that in the ATG group (5% vs 18%; P = 0.003; and 6% vs 15%; P= 0.045); the 2-year cumulative incidences of relapse and overall survival were comparable between the two cohorts (13% vs 14%; P = 0.62; and 83% vs 77%; P = 0.18, respectively). Furthermore, GVHD-free, relapse-free survival (GRFS) was significantly improved in the ATG-PTCy arm (63% vs 48%; P = 0.039). In multivariate analysis, the joint treatment resulted in lower grade II-IV acute GVHD (HR 0.58; P = 0.036), grade III-IV aGvHD (HR 0.28; P = 0.006), chronic GVHD (HR 0.60; P = 0.047), NRM (HR 0.26; P = 0.014), and higher GRFS (HR 0.59; P = 0.021) but slower myeloid and platelet recovery (HR 0.29 and 0.30; both P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggested that ATG/PTCy (low-dose) can reduce both acute and chronic GVHD as compared with standard ATG-based prophylaxis using maternal donor or collateral relatives at particular high GVHD risk.

6.
Ann Hematol ; 98(11): 2551-2559, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493003

RESUMO

The prognostic significance of Wilms' tumor gene 1 (WT1) expression at diagnosis in adults with B cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL) remains poorly understood. A total of 257 adults with Ph-negative BCP-ALL who were consecutively diagnosed and received at least 1 course of induction therapy at our institute were retrospectively analyzed. The WT1 expression patterns were significantly different among the molecularly and cytogenetically defined groups (E2A-PBX1, TEL-AML1, and MLL rearrangements; high hyperdiploidy and B-other). By considering the WT1 expression pattern and the relapse status, 2 cutoff values, 1.8% and 7.2%, were arbitrarily selected to place patients into WT1-low, WT1-inter, and WT1-high groups. In the B-other patients who achieved complete remission (CR), WT1-low and WT1-high patients had similar 3-year relapse-free survival (RFS), disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS) rates, which were all significantly lower than those of WT1-inter patients. The combined WT1-low/high expression group (n = 132) had significantly lower 3-year RFS, DFS, and OS rates compared with the WT1-inter group (n = 63) of B-other patients (RFS and DFS all P < 0.0001; OS P = 0.0018 and 0.0008). WT1 low/high expression as well as treating with chemotherapy only was independent poor prognostic factors for RFS, DFS, and OS in the B-other patients who achieved CR. Therefore, the molecularly and cytogenetically defined adult Ph-negative BCP-ALL groups have characteristic WT1 expression patterns, and WT1 low/high expression at diagnosis predicts poor outcome in B-other patients.


Assuntos
Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/metabolismo , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/mortalidade , Proteínas WT1/biossíntese , Adolescente , Adulto , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/genética , Taxa de Sobrevida , Proteínas WT1/genética
7.
J Hematol Oncol ; 12(1): 87, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477147

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Haploidentical transplantation has been proposed as an effective treatment for severe aplastic anemia (SAA). The majority of patients have more than one HLA-haploidentical donor. Herein, we compared the outcomes between different donor-recipient relationships for optimal haploidentical donor selection in acquired SAA. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter study based on a registered database of 392 patients with SAA treated with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) between 2006 and 2018. In total, 223 patients received grafts from father donors, 47 from mother donors, 91 from siblings, 29 from children, and 2 from collateral donors. RESULTS: Of the 381 patients who survived more than 28 days, 379 (99.5%) recipients were engrafted. The 2-year overall survival (OS) was 86.6 ± 2.5%, 87.1 ± 4.9%, 84.3 ± 3.9%, and 92.2 ± 5.1% for recipients of father, mother, sibling, and child grafts, respectively, (P = 0.706). The 2-year failure-free survival (FFS) was 82.8 ± 2.7%, 86.7 ± 5.1%, 80.8 ± 4.2%, and 92.5 ± 5.1% for recipients of father, mother, sibling, and child grafts, respectively, (P = 0.508). There was no difference in the incidence of either acute or chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) among the different donor sources in multivariate analyses. There were also no differences in the OS or FFS among the different donor sources in the Cox regression analysis. However, OS was significantly better in the patients with a shorter history of aplastic anemia (< 12 months), better performance status (ECOG scores 0-1), or moderate graft mononuclear cell (MNC) counts (6-10 × 108/kg), and in female recipients with male donors. The FFS was also higher in patients with a shorter history of aplastic anemia (< 12 months) and better performance status (ECOG scores 0-1). CONCLUSIONS: Fathers, mothers, siblings, and children are all suitable haploidentical donors for patients with SAA.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31424628

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the impact of the pre- and post-minimal residual disease (MRD) status as well as the peri-transplant MRD kinetics on clinical outcomes in pediatric ALL patients who received haploidentical allografts. METHODS: A retrospective study (n = 166) was performed. MRD was determined using multiparameter flow cytometry. RESULTS: Pediatric ALL patients with pre-MRDneg had a lower cumulative incidences of relapse (CIR) compared to those with pre-MRDpos (19.7% vs. 41.2%, P = 0.009). Compared to post-MRDneg group, patients with post-MRDpos experienced higher CIR (81.0% vs. 15.9%, P < 0.001), inferior LFS (14.3% vs. 66.9%, P < 0.001) and OS (19.1% vs. 66.9%, P < 0.001). In regard to peri-MRD kinetics, compared with the MRD-decreasing group and MRDneg/MRDneg group, MRD-increasing group had higher CIR, lower probabilities of LFS and OS (P < 0.001). Compared to pre-MRDneg/post-MRDneg group, a higher CIR was found in the pre-MRDpos/post-MRDpos group (66.7% vs. 12.5%, P < 0.001), pre-MRDpos/post-MRDneg group (32.0% vs. 12.5%, P = 0.016), and pre-MRDneg/post-MRDpos group (91.7% vs. 12.5%, P < 0.001). A lower incidence of LFS and OS were found in pre-MRDpos/post-MRDpos group and pre-MRDneg/post-MRDpos group than in pre-MRDneg/post-MRDneg group (P < 0.05). Multivariate analyses confirmed the association of pre-MRD status, post-MRD status, and peri-MRD kinetics with outcomes (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that, in the pediatric ALL subgroup, not only pre-MRD status or post-MRD status but also peri-SCT MRD dynamics, were associated with an increased CIR after haploidentical allografts. Patients are put into different risk group based on MRD kinetics versus single time MRD status. © 2019 International Clinical Cytometry Society.

9.
Cancer Med ; 8(12): 5459-5467, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364309

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with t(8;21) is a heterogeneous disease. Although the detection of minimal residual disease (MRD), which is indicated by RUNX1-RUNX1T1 transcript levels, plays a key role in directing treatment, risk stratification needs to be improved, and other markers need to be assessed. A total of 66 t(8;21) AML patients were tested for aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity by flow cytometry at diagnosis, and 52 patients were followed up for a median of 20 (1-34) months. The median percentage of CD34+ALDH+, CD34+CD38-ALDH+, and CD34+CD38+ALDH+ cells among nucleated cells were 0.028%, 0.012%, and 0.0070%, respectively. The CD34+ALDH+-H, CD34+CD38-ALDH+-H, and CD34+CD38+ALDH+-H statuses (the percentage of cells that were higher than the individual cutoffs) were all significantly associated with a lower 2-year relapse-free survival (RFS) rate in both the whole cohort and adult patients (P = .015, .016, and .049; P = .014, .018, and .032). Patients with < 3-log reduction in the RUNX1-RUNX1T1 transcript level after the second consolidation therapy (defined as MRD-H) had a significantly lower 2-year RFS rate than patients with ≥ 3-log reduction (MRD-L) (P = .017). The CD34+ALDH+ status at diagnosis was then combined with the MRD status. CD34+ALDH+-L/MRD-H patients had similar 2-year RFS rates to both CD34+ALDH+-L/MRD-L and CD34+ALDH+-H/MRD-L patients (P = .50 and 1.0); and CD34+ALDH+-H/MRD-H patients had significantly lower 2-year RFS rate compared with CD34+ALDH+-L and/or MRD-L patients (P < .0001). Multivariate analysis showed that CD34+ALDH+-H/MRD-H was an independent adverse prognostic factor for relapse. In conclusion, ALDH status at diagnosis may improve MRD-based risk stratification in t(8;21) AML, and concurrent high levels of CD34+ALDH+ at diagnosis and MRD predict relapse.

11.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(8): 5672-5678, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31222935

RESUMO

A high frequency of MAGE-CT (cancer testis) antigens are expressed in Multiple Myeloma (MM) patients; however, in other plasma cell dyscrasias, their potential function remains unclear. We measured the expression of MAGE-CT genes (MAGE-C1/CT7, MAGE-A3, MAGE-C2/CT10) in 105 newly diagnosed amyloid light-chain (AL) amyloidosis patients between June 2013 and January 2018 at Peking University People's Hospital using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. In the newly diagnosed AL patients, the positive expression rates of patients with MAGE-C1/CT7, MAGE-C2/CT10 and MAGE-A3 were 83.8% (88/105), 56.71% (38/67) and 22.0% (13/59) respectively. There was no significant correlation between organ propensity and MAGE-CT gene expression. Changes in the MAGE-C1/CT7 levels were consistent with a therapeutic effect. The expression levels of MAGE-C1/CT7, MAGE-C2/CT10 and MAGE-A3 provide potentially effective clinical indicators for auxiliary diagnoses and monitoring treatment efficacy in AL amyloidosis patients.

12.
Clin Infect Dis ; 2019 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31067570

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection, especially persistent HCMV infection, is an important cause of morbidity and mortality after allogenic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT). Antiviral agents remain the first-line therapy but are limited by side-effects and acquired resistance. METHODS: We evaluated the safety and efficacy of donor-derived HCMV-specific cytotoxic T cells (CTL) as a first-line therapy for HCMV infection after allo-SCT and investigated the underlying mechanisms. RESULTS: i) In humanized HCMV-infected mice, first-line therapy with CTL effectively combated systemic HCMV infection by promoting the restoration of graft-derived endogenous HCMV-specific immunity in vivo. ii) In a clinical trial, compared to the pair-matched high-risk control cohort, first-line therapy with CTL significantly reduced the rate of persistent (2.9% vs. 20.0%, P=0.018) and late (5.7% vs. 20.0%, P=0.01) HCMV infection and cumulative incidence of persistent HCMV infection (HR=0.13, 95%CI=0.10-0.82, P=0.02), lowered one-year treatment-related mortality (HR=0.15, 95%CI=0.11-0.90, P=0.03) and improved one-year overall survival (HR=6.35, 95%CI=1.05-9.00, P=0.04). Moreover, first-line therapy with CTL promoted the quantitative and functional recovery of CTL in patients, which was associated with HCMV clearance. CONCLUSIONS: We provide robust support for the benefits of CTL combined with antiviral drugs as a first-line therapy for treating HCMV infection and suggest that adoptively infused CTL may stimulate the recovery of endogenous HCMV-specific immunity.This trial is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT02985775.

13.
Blood Adv ; 3(9): 1416-1428, 2019 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31053569

RESUMO

Impaired megakaryocyte (MK) maturation and reduced platelet production are important causes of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). However, MK distribution and bone marrow (BM) niche alteration in ITP are unclear. To investigate the maturation and distribution of MKs in the BM niche and examine the components of BM niche regulation of MK migration, BM and peripheral blood were obtained from 30 ITP patients and 28 healthy donors. Nestin+ mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and CD41+ MKs were sorted by fluorescence-activated cell sorting. The components of the BM niche and related signaling were analyzed via immunofluorescence, flow cytometry, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, and western blot analysis. The number of MKs in the BM vascular niche was reduced in ITP. Moreover, the concentrations of CXCL12 and CXCR4+ MKs in the BM were decreased in ITP. Further investigation demonstrated that nestin+ MSCs and CXCL12 messenger RNA (mRNA) in nestin+ MSCs were both reduced whereas the apoptosis of nestin+ MSCs was significantly increased in ITP. Sympathetic nerves, Schwann cells, the proportion of ß3-adrenoreceptor (ß3-AR)+ nestin+ MSCs, and ß3-AR mRNA in nestin+ MSCs were all markedly reduced in ITP. Moreover, matrix metalloproteinase 9, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and VEGF receptor 1 were significantly reduced in ITP. Our data show that impaired MK distribution mediated by an abnormal CXCL12/CXCR4 axis is partially involved in reduced platelet production in ITP. Moreover, sympathetic neuropathy and nestin+ MSC apoptosis may have an effect on the alterations of BM CXCL12 in ITP.

14.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(8): 1629-1636, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31048087

RESUMO

Immune-mediated neuropathies (IMNs) following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation have been described recently, which, excluding Guillain-Barré syndrome and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, may present with atypical patterns. This retrospective, nested, case-control study reviewed data from 3858 patients who received haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) during the past 10 years at a single center, and 40 patients (1.04%) with IMN following haplo-HSCT were identified. Chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) (P = .043) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) viremia (P = .035) were recognized as independent risk factors for the development of IMN after haplo-HSCT. There were no significant differences in overall survival (P = .619), disease-free survival (P = .609), nonrelapse mortality (P = .87), or the incidence of relapse (P = .583) between patients with and without IMN after haplo-HSCT. However, patients with post-transplant IMN were at higher risk of developing cGVHD (P = .012) than patients who did not develop IMN. Twenty-four of the 40 patients with IMN (60%) attained neurologic improvement after treatments including vitamins B1 and B12 and/or immunomodulatory agents. However, 19 (47.5%) patients still had persistent motor/sensory deficits despite receiving timely treatment. More studies are needed to help develop standardized diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for patients with post-transplant IMN.

15.
Ann Hematol ; 98(8): 1877-1883, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31144019

RESUMO

Secondary poor graft function (sPGF) is defined as secondary cytopenia after initial engraftment of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT). It has been shown to be associated with poor prognosis; however, there are very few reports on the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of sPGF. Between January 2015 and December 2015, 564 patients, who received transplantation at Peking University People's Hospital, were retrospectively reviewed. Among the 490 patients who achieved initial engraftment of both neutrophils and platelets, 28 patients developed sPGF. The cumulative incidence of sPGF on day 100 was 5.7%. The median time of sPGF was 54.5 (34-91) days after transplantation. Low (< median) CD34+ cell dose (p = 0.019, HR 3.07 (95% CI, 1.207-7.813)), Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) reactivation (p = 0.009, HR 3.648 (95%CI, 1.382-9.629)), and cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation (p = 0.003, HR 7.827 (95%CI, 2.002-30.602)) were identified as independent risk factors for sPGF. There was no significant difference in PGF incidence between the matched sibling donor (MSD) group and haploidentical donor (HID) group (p = 0.44). The overall survival of patients with sPGF at 1 year after transplantation was significantly poorer than that of patients with good graft function (GGF) (50.5% versus 87.2%, p < 0.001). In conclusion, sPGF developed in 5.7% patients after allo-SCT, especially in patients with CMV, EBV reactivation, or infusion with a low dose of CD34+ cells. The prognosis of sPGF is still poor owing to a lack of standard treatment.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus/virologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/virologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/virologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Leucemia/terapia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/terapia , Ativação Viral/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antígenos CD34/imunologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Citomegalovirus/imunologia , Citomegalovirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/patologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/diagnóstico , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/mortalidade , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/patologia , Feminino , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/patologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/imunologia , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/virologia , Herpesvirus Humano 4/imunologia , Herpesvirus Humano 4/patogenicidade , Humanos , Leucemia/mortalidade , Leucemia/patologia , Leucemia/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/patologia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/virologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Transplante Haploidêntico
16.
Ann Hematol ; 98(7): 1733-1742, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31053879

RESUMO

Hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS) has been rarely studied after haploidentical donor (HID) allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). We performed a retrospective multicentre study on patients with SOS after allo-HSCT in China. The incidence, risk factors, and outcomes were compared between HID HSCT and matched related donor (MRD) HSCT. SOS developed in 0.4% of patients (HIDs: 0.4%, MRDs: 0.5%, p = 0.952) at a median time of 21.50 days (range, 1-55) after allo-HSCT (HIDs: 24 days, MRDs: 20 days, p = 0.316). For patients diagnosed with SOS, the 2-year cumulative incidence of relapse was 22.7% and 22.4% in patients receiving HID and MRD transplantation, respectively (p = 0.584). Overall survival (OS) at 2 year was 10.4% and 38.5% in the two groups (p = 0.113). The transplant-related mortality (TRM) at 100 days was 60.9% in the HID group and 38.5% in the MRD group (p = 0.178). According to the multivariate analyses, significant independent risk factors for the occurrence of SOS were delayed platelet engraftment (p = 0.007) and advanced disease status at the time of HSCT (p = 0.009). The outcomes of SOS after HID HSCT are similar to those after MRD HSCT.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva , Doadores de Tecidos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Adolescente , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva/epidemiologia , Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva/etiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
17.
Blood Adv ; 3(8): 1303-1317, 2019 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31015207

RESUMO

Poor graft function (PGF) and prolonged isolated thrombocytopenia (PT) remain life-threatening complications after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Endothelial cells (ECs) play a crucial role in regulating hematopoiesis in the bone marrow (BM) microenvironment. However, whether the impaired BM ECs are responsible for defective hematopoiesis in PGF and PT patients requires clarification, and clinical management is challenging. Two prospective clinical trials were included in the current study. In the first trial (N = 68), PGF and PT patients demonstrated defective BM ECs pre-HSCT and impaired BM EC dynamic reconstitution at early time points post-HSCT, which was positively correlated with reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels. Receiver operating characteristic curves showed that BM EC < 0.1% pre-HSCT could identify high-risk patients with PGF and PT. The second trial enrolled patients (N = 35) with EC < 0.1% who accepted oral N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC; 400 mg 3 times per day) from -14 days pre-HSCT to +2 months post-HSCT continuously, whereas the remaining EC ≥ 0.1% patients (N = 39) received allo-HSCT only. Prophylactic NAC intervention was safe and effective in preventing the occurrence of PGF and PT in EC < 0.1% patients by promoting the dynamic reconstitution of BM ECs and CD34+ cells, along with reducing their ROS levels, which was further confirmed by in situ BM trephine biopsy analyses. These findings suggest that the impaired BM ECs pre-HSCT are responsible for the defective hematopoiesis in PGF and PT patients. Therefore, improvement of BM ECs through prophylactic NAC intervention may be a promising therapeutic approach to promote hematopoietic reconstitution post-HSCT. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT03236220 and #NCT02978274.

20.
Br J Haematol ; 185(5): 836-851, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30916375

RESUMO

Refinement of risk stratification in Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-negative B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) might aid the identification of patients who are likely to relapse. Abnormal S100 calcium binding protein A16 (S100A16) has been implicated in various cancers, but its function remains unclear. We found S100A16 transcript levels were higher in 130 adults with newly-diagnosed Ph-negative B-cell ALL compared with 33 healthy controls. In 115 of 130 patients who achieved first complete remission, those with high S100A16 transcript levels displayed a lower 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR; 34% [21, 47%] vs. 40% [48, 72%]; P = 0·012) and higher 3-year relapse-free survival (RFS; 65% [53, 78%] vs. 35% [23, 46%]; P = 0·012), especially when receiving chemotherapy only. In multivariate analysis a low S100A16 transcript level was independently-associated with a higher CIR (Hazard ratio [HR] = 3·74 [1·01-13·82]; P = 0·048) and inferior RFS (HR = 5·78 [1·91, 17·84]; P < 0·001). Function analysis indicated that knockdown of S100A16 promoted proliferation and anti-apoptosis and reduced chemosensitivity. S100A16 over-expression revealed an opposite trend, especially in a xeno-transplant mouse model. Western blotting analysis showed upregulation of PI3K/AKT and ERK1/2 in S100A16-knockdown and S100A16-overexpression B-cell ALL cell lines respectively. Inhibition assays suggested these two signalling pathways participated in the S100A16-mediated proliferation and survival effects in B-cell ALL cell lines. Trial Registration: Registered in the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry [ChiCTR-OCH-10000940]; http://www.chictr.org.cn.

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