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1.
Cell Mol Immunol ; 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35017718

RESUMO

Adoptive transfer of cytomegalovirus (CMV)-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CMV-CTLs) from original transplant donors or third-party donors was effective for the treatment of CMV infection after allogenic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT), but the antiviral activity of CMV-CTL types has not been compared. To determine whether third-party CMV-CTLs provide comparable long-term antiviral efficacy to transplant donor CMV-CTLs, we first compared the antiviral abilities of transplant donors and third-party CMV-CTLs for treatment of CMV infection in two mouse models, compared the in vivo recovery of CMV-specific immunity, and analyzed the underlying mechanisms driving sustained antiviral immunity. The results showed that both donor and third-party CMV-CTLs effectively combated systemic CMV infection by reducing CMV pathology and tumor burden 28 days postinfusion. The in vivo recovery of CMV-specific immunity after CMV-CTL infusion was comparable in both groups. A detailed analysis of the source of recovered CMV-CTLs showed the proliferation and expansion of graft-derived endogenous CMV-CTLs in both groups. Our clinical study, which enrolled 31 patients who received third-party CMV-CTLs and 62 matched pairs of individuals who received transplant donor CMV-CTLs for refractory CMV infection, further showed that adoptive therapy with donor or third-party CMV-CTLs had comparable clinical responses without significant therapy-related toxicity. We observed strong expansion of CD8+ tetramer+ T cells and proliferation of recipient endogenous CMV-CTLs after CMV-CTL infusion, which were associated with a reduced or cleared viral load. Our data confirmed that adoptive therapy with third-party or transplant donor CMV-CTLs triggered comparable antiviral responses to CMV infection that might be mediated by restoration of endogenous CMV-specific immunity.

2.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 11, 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34979982

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL) gene is located on chromosome 11q23. The MLL gene can be rearranged to generate partial tandem duplications (MLL-PTD), which occurs in about 5-10% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with a normal karyotype and in 5-6% of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is currently one of the curative therapies available for AML and MDS with excess blasts (MDS-EB). However, how the prognosis of patients with high levels of MLL-PTD after allo-HSCT, and whether MLL-PTD could be used as a reliable indicator for minimal residual disease (MRD) monitoring in transplant patients remains unknown. Our study purposed to analyze the dynamic changes of MLL-PTD peri-transplantation and the best threshold for predicting relapse after transplantation. METHODS: We retrospectively collected the clinical data of 48 patients with MLL-PTD AML or MDS-EB who underwent allo-HSCT in Peking University People's Hospital. The MLL-PTD was examined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) at the diagnosis, before transplantation and the fixed time points after transplantation. Detectable MLL-PTD/ABL > 0.08% was defined as MLL-PTD positive in this study. RESULTS: The 48 patients included 33 AML patients and 15 MDS-EB patients. The median follow-up time was 26(0.7-56) months after HSCT. In AML patients, 7 patients (21.2%) died of treatment-related mortality (TRM), 6 patients (18.2%) underwent hematological relapse and died ultimately. Of the 15 patients with MDS-EB, 2 patients (13.3%) died of infection. The 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and TRM were 13.7 ± 5.2, 67.8 ± 6.9, 68.1 ± 6.8 and 20.3% ± 6.1%, respectively. ROC curve showed that post-transplant MLL-PTD ≥ 1.0% was the optimal cut-off value for predicting hematological relapse after allo-HSCT. There was statistical difference between post-transplant MLL-PTD ≥ 1.0% and MLL-PTD < 1.0% groups (3-year CIR: 75% ± 15.3% vs. 0%, P < 0.001; 3-year OS: 25.0 ± 15.3% vs. 80.7% ± 6.6%, P < 0.001; 3-year DFS: 25.0 ± 15.3% vs. 80.7 ± 6.6%, P < 0.001; 3-year TRM: 0 vs. 19.3 ± 6.6%, P = 0.277). However, whether MLL-PTD ≥ 1% or MLL-PTD < 1% before transplantation has no significant difference on the prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicated that MLL-PTD had a certain stability and could effectively reflect the change of tumor burden. The expression level of MLL-PTD after transplantation can serve as an effective indicator for predicting relapse.

3.
JCI Insight ; 2022 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34990406

RESUMO

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Several investigators have reported that adaptive NKG2C+ NK cells persistently expand during CMV reactivation. In our study, two cohorts were enrolled to explored the relationships among the NKG2C genotype, NKG2C+ NK cell reconstitution, and CMV infection. Multivariate analysis showed that donor NKG2C gene deletion was an independent prognostic factor for CMV reactivation and refractory CMV reactivation. Furthermore, the quantitative, qualitative reconstitution and anti-CMV function of adaptive NKG2C+ NK cells after transplantation was significantly lower in patients grafted with NKG2Cwt/del donor cells than in those grafted with NKG2Cwt/wt donor cells. The quantitative reconstitution of NKG2C+ NK cells at day 30 after transplantation was significantly lower in patients with treatment-refractory CMV reactivation than in those in the no-CMV-reactivation and CMV-reactivation groups. In humanized CMV-infected mice, we found that compared with those from NKG2Cwt/del donors, adaptive NKG2C+ NK cells from NKG2Cwt/wt donors induced earlier and stronger expansion of NKG2C+ NK cells and earlier and stronger CMV clearance in vivo. In conclusion, donor NKG2C homozygosity contributes to CMV clearance by promoting the quantitative and qualitative reconstruction of adaptive NKG2C+ NK cells after haploidentical allo-HSCT.

4.
J Immunol ; 208(2): 492-500, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34937746

RESUMO

The interaction of inhibitory receptors with self-MHC class I (MHC-I) molecules is responsible for NK cell education. The intensity of DNAM-1 expression correlates with NK cell education. However, whether DNAM-1 expression directly influences the functional competence of NK cells via the KIR/MHC-I interaction remains unclear. Based on allogeneic haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, we investigated the intensity of DNAM-1 expression on reconstituted NK cells via the interaction of KIR with both donor HLA and recipient HLA at days 30, 90, and 180 after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The reconstituted NK cells educated by donor and recipient HLA molecules showed the highest DNAM-1 expression, whereas DNAM-1 expression on educated NK cells with only recipient HLA molecules was higher than that on educated NK cells with only donor HLA molecules, indicating that NK cells with donor or recipient HLA molecules regulate DNAM-1 expression and thereby affect NK cell education. Additionally, the effects of recipient cells on NK cell education were greater than those of donor cells. However, only when the DNAM-1, NKP30, and NKG2D receptors were blocked simultaneously was the function of educated and uneducated NK cells similar. Therefore, activating receptors may collaborate with DNAM-1 to induce educated NK cell hyperresponsiveness. Our data, based on in vitro and in vivo studies, demonstrate that the functional competence of NK cells via the KIR/MHC-I interaction correlates with DNAM-1 expression in human NK cells.

5.
Br J Haematol ; 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34787307

RESUMO

Natural killer (NK) cells exert anti-viral effects after haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The balance between inhibition and activation of NK cells determined by the inherited repertoire of killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) genes may influence Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) reactivation after transplantation. To evaluate the relative contributions of KIR genotypes to EBV reactivation, we prospectively enrolled 300 patients with malignant haematological disease who were suitable for haploidentical HSCT. Univariate analysis showed that donors with KIR2DS1, KIR2DS3 or KIR3DS1 genes were associated with an increased risk of EBV reactivation [hazard ratio (HR) 1·86, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1·19-2·9, P = 0·0067; HR 1·78, 95% CI 1·07-2·97, P = 0·027; HR 1·86, 95% CI 1·19-2·91, P = 0·0065 respectively]. Multivariate analysis revealed that the presence of KIR2DS1, KIR2DS3 or KIR3DS1 genes was associated with increased EBV reactivation after HSCT. This effect was more evident in the absence of the cognate ligands for the corresponding activating receptors. Our present data firstly showed that donors with activating KIR genes, specifically activating KIR2DS1, KIR2DS3 and KIR3DS1, had an increased risk of EBV reactivation. Precaution for patients whose donors carry activating genes will help prevent EBV reactivation and improve patient prognosis after HSCT.

6.
Front Immunol ; 12: 749266, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621279

RESUMO

Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) is a major complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Corticosteroid is the first-line treatment for aGVHD, but its response rate is only approximately 50%. At present, no uniformly accepted treatment for steroid-refractory aGVHD (SR-aGVHD) is available. Blocking interleukin-2 receptors (IL-2Rs) on donor T cells using pharmaceutical antagonists alleviates SR-aGVHD. This meta-analysis aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of four commercially available IL-2R antagonists (IL-2RAs) in SR-aGVHD treatment. A total of 31 studies met the following inclusion criteria (1): patients of any race, any sex, and all ages (2); those diagnosed with SR-aGVHD after HSCT; and (3) those using IL-2RA-based therapy as the treatment for SR-aGVHD. The overall response rate (ORR) at any time after treatment with basiliximab and daclizumab was 0.81 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.74-0.87)] and 0.71 (95% CI: 0.56-0.82), respectively, which was better than that of inolimomab 0.54 (95% CI: 0.39-0.68) and denileukin diftitox 0.56 (95% CI: 0.35-0.76). The complete response rate (CRR) at any time after treatment with basiliximab and daclizumab was 0.55 (95% CI: 0.42-0.68) and 0.42 (95%CI: 0.29-0.56), respectively, which was better than that of inolimomab 0.30 (95% CI: 0.16-0.51) and denileukin diftitox 0.37 (95% CI: 0.24-0.52). The ORR and CRR were better after 1-month treatment with basiliximab and daclizumab than after treatment with inolimomab and denileukin diftitox. The incidence of the infection was higher after inolimomab treatment than after treatment with the other IL-2RAs. In conclusion, the efficacy and safety of different IL-2RAs varied. The response rate of basiliximab was the highest, followed by that of daclizumab. Prospective, randomized controlled trials are needed to compare the efficacy and safety of different IL-2RAs.

7.
Front Oncol ; 11: 706935, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34485141

RESUMO

Background: Approximately 30% of Chinese individuals with cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia (CN-AML) have biallelic CEBPA (biCEBPA) mutations. The prognosis and optimal therapy for these patients are controversial in clinical practice. Methods: In this study, we performed targeted region sequencing of 236 genes in 158 individuals with this genotype and constructed a nomogram model based on leukemia-free survival (LFS). Patients were randomly assigned to a training cohort (N =111) and a validation cohort (N =47) at a ratio of 7:3. Risk stratification was performed by the prognostic factors to investigate the risk-adapted post-remission therapy by Kaplan-Meier method. Results: At least 1 mutated gene other than CEBPA was identified in patients and mutation number was associated with LFS (61.6% vs. 39.0%, P =0.033), survival (85.6% vs. 62.9%, P =0.030) and cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) (38.4% vs. 59.5%, P =0.0496). White blood cell count, mutations in CFS3R, KMT2A and DNA methylation related genes were weighted to construct a nomogram model and differentiate two risk subgroups. Regarding LFS, low-risk patients were superior to the high-risk (89.3% vs. 33.8%, P <0.001 in training cohort; 87.5% vs. 18.2%, P =0.009 in validation cohort). Compared with chemotherapy, allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) improved 5-year LFS (89.6% vs. 32.6%, P <0.001), survival (96.9% vs. 63.6%, P =0.001) and CIR (7.2% vs. 65.8%, P <0.001) in high-risk patients but not low-risk patients (LFS, 77.4% vs. 88.9%, P =0.424; survival, 83.9% vs. 95.5%, P =0.173; CIR, 11.7% vs. 11.1%, P =0.901). Conclusions: Our study indicated that biCEBPA mutant-positive CN-AML patients could be further classified into two risk subgroups by four factors and allo-HSCT should be recommended for high-risk patients as post-remission therapy. These data will help physicians refine treatment decision-making in biCEBPA mutant-positive CN-AML patients.

8.
Am J Hematol ; 96(11): 1407-1419, 2021 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34350623

RESUMO

Idiopathic inflammatory demyelinating diseases (IIDDs) of the central nervous system (CNS) are rare but serious neurological complications of haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT). However, the risk factors and a method to predict the prognosis of post-transplantation CNS IIDDs are not available. This retrospective study first reviewed data from 4532 patients who received haplo-HSCT during 2008-2019 in our center, and 184 patients (4.1%) with IIDDs after haplo-HSCT were identified. Grades II to IV acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) (p < 0.001) and chronic GVHD (cGVHD) (p = 0.009) were identified as risk factors for developing IIDDs after haplo-HSCT. We then divided the 184 IIDD patients into a derivation cohort and validation cohort due to transplantation time to develop and validate a model for predicting the prognosis of IIDDs. In the multivariate analysis of the derivation cohort, four candidate predictors were entered into the final prognostic model: cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, IgG synthesis (IgG-syn) and spinal cord lesions. The prognostic model had an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.864 (95% CI: 0.803-0.925) in the internal validation cohort and 0.871 (95% CI: 0.806-0.931) in the external validation cohort. The calibration plots showed a high agreement between the predicted and observed outcomes. Decision curve analysis indicated that IIDD patients could benefit from the clinical application of the prognostic model. The identification of IIDD patients after allo-HSCT who have a poor prognosis might allow timely treatment and improve patient survival and outcomes.


Assuntos
Doenças Desmielinizantes/etiologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Doenças Desmielinizantes/diagnóstico , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Transplante Haploidêntico/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Transplant Cell Ther ; 27(10): 870.e1-870.e7, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229053

RESUMO

Late-onset severe pneumonia (LOSP) is defined as severe pneumonia developing during the late phase of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Because of the high mortality in patients with LOSP, it is important to identify prognostic factors. In this study, we aimed to develop a risk score system with broad applicability that can help predict the risk of LOSP-associated mortality. We retrospectively analyzed 100 patients with LOSP after allo-HSCT between June 2009 and July 2017. The assessment variables included immune, nutritional, and metabolic parameters at the onset of LOSP. Of these 100 patients, 45 (45%) eventually died, and 55 (55%) were positive for organisms, most commonly viruses. In the multivariate analysis, higher monocyte count (≥0.20 × 109/L versus <0.20 × 109/L; P = .001), higher albumin level (≥30.5 g/L versus <30.5 g/L; P = .044), lower lactic dehydrogenase level (<250 U/L versus ≥250 U/L; P = .008) and lower blood urea nitrogen concentration (<7.2 mmol/L versus ≥7.2 mmol/L; P = .026) at the onset of LOSP were significantly associated with better 60-day survival. A risk score system based on the foregoing results showed that the probability of 60-day survival decreased with increasing risk factors, from 96.3% in the low-risk group to 49.1% in the intermediate-risk group and 12.5% in the high-risk group. Our results indicate that this scoring system using 4 variables can stratify patients with different probabilities of survival after LOSP, which suggests that patients' immune, nutritional, and metabolic status are crucial factors in determining outcome.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Pneumonia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Pneumonia/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Homólogo
11.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 62(12): 2949-2956, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196252

RESUMO

To evaluate the efficacy of interferon-α (IFN-α) as maintenance therapy in patients with favorable-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML), this retrospective study enrolled 84 patients with favorable-risk AML: 42 patients who received IFN-α maintenance therapy and 42 patients who did not (control). The median follow-up time and duration of IFN-α treatment was 26 (6-54) months and 18 (2-24) months, respectively. The 4-year estimated relapse-free survival (RFS) after the last consolidation chemotherapy was 86.8% (95% confidence interval (CI), 75.8-97.8%) in the IFN-α group and 55.7% (95% CI, 37.2-74.3%) in the control group (p=.007). The 4-year estimated overall survival was 94.4% (95% CI, 86.8-102%) and 76.4% (95% CI, 61.9-90.9%) in IFN-α and control groups, respectively (p=.040). The Cox regression analysis showed that IFN-α treatment was the only independent factor affecting RFS (p=.004). Maintenance therapy with IFN-α may prevent relapse in favorable-risk AML after consolidation chemotherapy.

12.
Ann Hematol ; 100(10): 2557-2566, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34278524

RESUMO

Recent studies have shown that approximately 50% of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) receiving tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy with a sustained deep molecular response (DMR) (BCR-ABL1IS ≤ 0.01%) can achieve treatment-free remission (TFR, stopping TKI without relapse) and that prior interferon (IFN)-α therapy and higher NK cell counts at and after TKI discontinuation are associated with TFR. We recently reported that post-TKI discontinuation of IFN-α therapy could prevent molecular relapse (MR, BCR-ABL1IS > 0.1%). Here, we evaluated whether NK cells are associated with MR and investigated the effects of post-TKI discontinuation IFN-α therapy on lymphocyte subsets. A total of 34 patients measuring blood lymphocyte subclasses were included. In the 22 patients who did not receive IFN-α therapy, at 1 month after TKI discontinuation, the nonrelapsed patients showed a significantly higher proportion and count of NK cells than the relapsed patients. In particular, the proportion and count of CD56dim NK cells were significantly higher in the nonrelapsed patients than in the relapsed patients. In the 12 patients who received IFN-α therapy, the level of CD56bright NK cells increased significantly after 3 and 6 months of IFN-α therapy. In summary, NK cells, in particular CD56dim NK cells, were associated with MR after TKI discontinuation in patients with CML. Additionally, IFN-α therapy gradually increased the level of CD56bright NK cells in patients with CML.


Assuntos
Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Interferon-alfa/uso terapêutico , Células Matadoras Naturais/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Adulto Jovem
13.
Curr Med Sci ; 41(3): 443-453, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34185250

RESUMO

We performed a retrospective analysis to investigate dynamic peri-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) minimal/measurable residual disease (MRD) on outcomes in patients with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). A total of 271 patients were enrolled and classified into three groups: unchanged negative MRD pre- and post-HSCT group (group A), post-MRD non-increase group (group B), and post-MRD increase group (group C). The patients in group B and group C experienced a higher cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) (42% vs. 71% vs. 16%, P<0.001) and lower leukemia-free survival (LFS) (46% vs. 21% vs. 70%, P<0.001) and overall survival (OS) (50% vs. 28% vs. 72%, P<0.001) than in group A, but there was no significant difference in non-relapse mortality (NRM) among three groups (14% vs. 12% vs. 8%, P=0.752). Multivariate analysis showed that dynamic peri-HSCT MRD was associated with CIR (HR=2.392, 95% CI, 1.816-3.151, P<0.001), LFS (HR=1.964, 95% CI, 1.546-2.496, P<0.001) and OS (HR=1.731, 95% CI, 1.348-2.222, P<0.001). We also established a risk scoring system based on dynamic peri-HSCT MRD combined with remission status pre-HSCT and onset of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). This risk scoring system could better distinguish CIR (c=0.730) than that for pre-HSCT MRD (c=0.562), post-HSCT MRD (c=0.616) and pre- and post-MRD dynamics (c=0.648). Our results confirm the outcome predictive value of dynamic peri-HSCT MRD either alone or in combination with other variables for patients with T-ALL.

14.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 604085, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34150785

RESUMO

Graft failure (GF) is a fatal complication of allogeneic stem cell transplantation, especially after haploidentical transplantation. The mortality of GF is nearly 100% without an effective salvage method. A second transplantation is usually necessary to save the patient's life. However, there is no standardized regimen, and the outcome is usually disappointing. We report on a prospective single-center study using a reduced-intensity conditioning regimen with different haploidentical donors (HIDs). Patients with GF after the first transplantation were enrolled in a prospective single-arm clinical trial (ClinicalTrials.Gov ID: NCT03717545) at the Peking University Institute of Hematology. The conditioning regimen consisted of fludarabine (30 mg/m2) (days-6 to-2) and cyclophosphamide (1,000 mg/m2/day) (days-5 to-4). Patients underwent a second transplant from a different HID using a granulocyte colony-stimulating factor primed bone marrow and peripheral blood stem cells. The primary outcome was neutrophil engraftment at day 28. The secondary outcomes included platelet engraftment at day 100, transplant-related mortality (TRM) at day 30, TRM at day 100, and overall survival (OS) at 1 year. From March 2018 to June 2020, 13 patients were enrolled in this clinical trial. Of the 13 patients, five had acute myeloid leukemia, five had acute lymphoblastic leukemia, two had myelodysplastic syndromes, and one had a non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The median age at first transplantation was 38 years (range, 8-55 years). As for the first transplantation, 11 patients underwent haploidentical transplantations and two underwent unrelated donor transplantations. At the time of GF, three patients had complete donor chimerism, five had mixed chimerism, and five had complete recipient chimerism. The median time from the first transplantation to the second transplantation was 49 (range 35-120) days. The medians of infused cell doses were as follows: mononuclear cells 7.93 (5.95-12.51) × 108/kg and CD34 + cells 2.28 (0.75-5.57) × 106/kg. All 13 patients achieved neutrophil engraftment after the second transplantation, with a median engraftment time of 11 (range 10-20) days after transplantation. The platelet engraftment rate on day 100 after transplantation was 76.9%. The TRMs at day 30, day 100, and 1-year were 0, 0, and 23.1%, respectively. The OS and disease-free survival at 1-year were 56.6 and 48.4%, respectively. For patients with GF after first transplantation, a second transplantation using a fludarabine/cyclophosphamide regimen from a different HID was a promising salvage option. Further investigation is needed to confirm the suitability of this method.

15.
Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; : 1-11, 2021 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34156313

RESUMO

Abnormally high ecotropic viral integration site 1 (EVI1) expression has been recognized as a poor prognostic factor in acute myeloid leukemia patients. However, its prognostic impact in B cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL) remains unknown. A total of 176 pediatric Ph-negative BCP-ALL patients who received at least 1 course of chemotherapy and received chemotherapy only during follow-up were retrospectively tested for EVI1 transcript levels by real-time quantitative PCR at diagnosis, and survival analysis was performed. Clinical and EVI1 expression data of 129 pediatric BCP-ALL patients were downloaded from therapeutically applicable research to generate effective treatments (TARGET) database for validation. In our cohort, the median EVI1 transcript level was 0.33% (range, 0.0068-136.2%), and 0.10% was determined to be the optimal cutoff value for patient grouping by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Low EVI1 expression (<0.10%) was significantly related to lower 5-year relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) rates (P = 0.017 and 0.018, respectively). Multivariate analysis showed that EVI1 expression <0.10% was an independent adverse prognostic factor for RFS and OS. TARGET data showed that low EVI1 expression tended to be related to a lower 5-year OS rate (P = 0.066). In conclusion, low EVI1 expression at diagnosis could predict poor outcomes in pediatric Ph-negative BCP-ALL patients receiving chemotherapy.Supplemental data for this article is available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/08880018.2021.1939818 .

16.
Eur J Cancer Prev ; 2021 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33990094

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The association between the educational level and colorectal cancer risk was controversial in developed countries and evidence was limited in Chinese population. This study aimed to investigate the association between the educational level and colorectal cancer risk in Guangdong Province, China. METHODS: From July 2010 to April 2019, 2502 newly diagnosed colorectal cancer patients and 2538 sex- and age-matched controls were recruited in this case-control study. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to examine the association between the educational level and colorectal cancer risk. Path analysis was used to investigate whether behavioral risk factors potentially mediated the association between the educational level and colorectal cancer risk. RESULTS: Educational level was inversely associated with the colorectal cancer risk. People who graduated from the college or above had a lower risk of colorectal cancer than those from the primary school or below, with an adjusted odds ratio of 0.42 [95% confidence intervals (CI), 0.34-0.52]. The total, direct and indirect effects of the educational level for the colorectal cancer risk were statistically significant in the path diagram. Path analysis showed that lower red and processed meat intake and higher tea and coffee drinking among high educational participants contributed to the inverse association between the educational level and colorectal cancer risk. CONCLUSION: The findings suggested that the educational level was inversely associated with the colorectal cancer risk. The association might be mediated by red and processed meat intake, household and leisure-time activities, and tea and coffee drinking.

17.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(2): 615-619, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812440

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the plasma components of frozen plasma (FP) and fresh frozen plasma (FFP). METHODS: Twenty samples of FP and 20 samples of FFP from Beijing Red Cross Blood Center were randomly selected. Immediately after plasma melting, 12 plasma components including coagulation factor, fibrinolytic system and anticoagulation protein were detected, including activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin time (PT), coagulation factor Ⅷ (FⅧ) activity, coagulation factor Ⅴ (FⅤ) activity, fibrinogen(FIB) level, ADAMTS-13 activity, von Willebrand factor(vWF) activity, D-dimer (D-dimer, DD), fibrin degradation products (FDP), antithrombin (AT), protein C (PC), and protein S (PS). All these coagulation components between the two types of plasma were compared and analyzed. RESULTS: Compared with FFP, APTT in FP was significantly prolonged(t=3.428, P<0.01), and PT was also significantly prolonged(z=-2.140, P<0.05), and FⅧ activity was decreased (t=-3.372, P<0.01), but all in the reference range, and PS activity was decreased(t=-2.458,P<0.05), there was no statistical difference in the other part between two types of plasma(P>0.05). CONCLUSION: FP can substitute FFP in the treatment of some diseases, although it is lack of some coagulation factors and anticoagulation protein.


Assuntos
Fatores de Coagulação Sanguínea , Plasma , Pequim , Coagulação Sanguínea , Testes de Coagulação Sanguínea , Humanos
18.
Public Health Nutr ; 24(11): 3210-3220, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33843557

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish optimal gestational weight gain (GWG) in Chinese pregnant women by Chinese-specific BMI categories and compare the new recommendations with the Institute of Medicine (IOM) 2009 guidelines. DESIGN: Multicentre, prospective cohort study. Unconditional logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the OR, 95 % CI and the predicted probabilities of adverse pregnancy outcomes. The optimal GWG range was defined as the range that did not exceed a 1 % increase from the lowest predicted probability in each pre-pregnancy BMI group. SETTING: From nine cities in mainland China. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3731 women with singleton pregnancy were recruited from April 2013 to December 2014. RESULTS: The optimal GWG (ranges) by Chinese-specific BMI was 15·0 (12·8-17·1), 14·2 (12·1-16·4) and 12·6 (10·4-14·9) kg for underweight, normal weight and overweight pregnant women, respectively. Inappropriate GWG was associated with several adverse pregnancy outcomes. Compared with women gaining weight within our proposed recommendations, women with excessive GWG had higher risk for macrosomia, large for gestational age and caesarean section, whereas those with inadequate GWG had higher risk for low birth weight, small for gestational age and preterm delivery. The comparison between our proposed recommendations and IOM 2009 guidelines showed that our recommendations were comparable with the IOM 2009 guidelines and could well predict the risk of several adverse pregnancy outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Inappropriate GWG was associated with higher risk of several adverse pregnancy outcomes. Optimal GWG recommendations proposed in the present study could be applied to Chinese pregnant women.


Assuntos
Ganho de Peso na Gestação , Complicações na Gravidez , Índice de Massa Corporal , Cesárea , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Gestantes , Estudos Prospectivos
19.
Front Oncol ; 11: 632532, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33816270

RESUMO

Novel recurrent fusion gene types such as zinc finger protein 384 (ZNF384) fusions have been identified in B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL) with the application of next-generation sequencing technologies. However, the comprehensive large-scale clinical cohort study for clarifying their prognostic significance remains scarce to date. A total of 242 consecutive adult Ph-negative BCP-ALL patients treated in our institute were retrospectively screened ZNF384 fusions at diagnosis by multiplex real time quantitative PCR. ZNF384 fusions were identified in 47 patients (19.4%) and all belonged to B-other ALL (having no high hyperdiploid karyotype, BCR-ABL1, TCF3-PBX1, ETV6-RUNX1, or MLL rearrangement). In the whole cohort, patients with ZNF384 fusions had significantly higher 3-year relapse-free-survival (RFS) and tended to have a higher 3-year overall survival (OS) than those with no ZNF384 fusions (80.1% vs. 52.5%, P = 0.013; 67.6% vs. 54.0%, P = 0.10). For patients receiving chemotherapy alone and received allogeneic-hematologic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) were censored at the time of transplantation, patients with ZNF384 fusions had both similar RFS and similar OS to B-other ALL patients with no ZNF384 fusions (RFS: P =0.94 and 0.30; OS: P =0.94 and 0.51). For patients receiving transplantation, those with ZNF384 fusions had significantly higher 3-year RFS than B-other ALL patients with no ZNF384 fusions and their OS were similar (P = 0.022 and 0.24). Only two of 31 patients with ZNF384 fusions and receiving allo-HSCT relapsed, individually occurred 66.8 and 69.8 months after transplantation. Therefore, ZNF384 fusion is common in adult BCP-ALL, which may define a new group from BCP-ALL containing no classical fusion transcript with better prognosis through receiving allo-HSCT.

20.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 56(9): 2097-2107, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33846561

RESUMO

Diffuse alveolar haemorrhage (DAH) is a life-threatening pulmonary complication occurring after allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) without an explicit aetiology or a standard treatment. This study aimed to explore the occurrence and prognosis of DAH after allo-HSCT, in addition to comparing discrepancies in the incidence, clinical characteristics and outcomes of DAH between patients undergoing haploidentical HSCT (HID-HSCT) and matched related donor HSCT (MRD-HSCT). We retrospectively evaluated 92 consecutive patients among 3987 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of DAH following allo-HSCT (HID: 71 patients, MRD: 21 patients). The incidence of DAH after allo-HSCT was 2.3%, 2.4% after HID-HSCT and 2.0% after MRD-HSCT (P = 0.501). The prognosis of patients with DAH after transplantation is extremely poor. The duration of DAH was 7.5 days (range, 1-48 days). The probabilities of overall survival (OS) were significantly different between patients with and without DAH within 2 years after transplantation (P < 0.001). According to the Cox regression analysis, a significant independent risk factor for the occurrence of DAH was delayed platelet engraftment (P < 0.001), and a high D-dimer level (>500 ng/ml) was a significant risk factor for the poor prognosis of DAH. HID-HSCT is similar to MRD-HSCT in terms of the outcomes of DAH.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Doadores de Tecidos
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