Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 101
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Mol Cancer Res ; 2020 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32269074

RESUMO

The identification of oncogenic biomolecules as drug targets is an unmet need for the development of clinically effective novel anticancer therapies. In the present study, we report for the first time that opsin 4/melanopsin (OPN4) plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of non-small cell lung cancer and is a potential drug target. Our study has revealed that OPN4 is overexpressed in human lung cancer tissues and cells, and is inversely correlated with patient survival probability. Knocking down expression of OPN4 suppressed cells growth and induced apoptosis in lung cancer cells. We have also found that OPN4, a G protein couple receptor, interacted with Gα11 and triggered the PKC/BRAF/MEK/ERKs signaling pathway in lung adenocarcinoma cells. Genetic ablation of OPN4 attenuated the multiplicity and the volume of urethane-induced lung tumors in mice. Importantly, our study provides the first report of AE 51310 (1-[(2,5-dichloro-4-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl] -3-methylpiperidine) as a small molecule inhibitor of OPN4, suppressed the anchorage-independent growth of lung cancer cells and the growth of patient-derived xenograft (PDX) tumors in mice. Implications: Overall, this study unveils the role of OPN4 in NSCLC and suggests that targeting OPN4 with small molecules, such as AE 51310 would be interesting to develop novel anticancer therapies for lung adenocarcinoma.

2.
J Chemother ; 32(3): 132-143, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009586

RESUMO

Along with changes in dietary habits and lifestyle, the incidence of esophageal cancer is increasing around the world. Since chemotherapy for esophageal cancer has significant side effects, phytochemicals have attracted attention as an alternative medicine. Licochalcone C (LCC) is a flavonoid compound extracted from Licorice, with a variety of clinical uses including anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects. Treatment with LCC for 48 h significantly decreased cell viability of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner with IC50 values of 28 µM (KYSE 30), 36 µM (KYSE 70), 19 µM (KYSE 410), 28 µM (KYSE 450) and 26 µM (KYSE 510). LCC induced G1 arrest accompanied by decreased cyclin D1 expression and an increase in the levels of p21 and p27. LCC increased the levels of intracellular ROS, cytochrome C release, and multi-caspase activity, and decreased mitochondrial membrane potential. LCC induced the protein expression of ER stress markers (GRP78 and CHOP) and phosphorylation JNK, c-Jun and p38. We investigated the expression of pro-apoptotic and anti-apoptotic proteins to elucidate the mechanism of apoptosis. Our findings contribute to the understanding of apoptosis mechanism underlying LCC in ESCC cells and provide new insights into the potential clinical opportunities of LCC for ESCC treatment.

3.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 4534289, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32047812

RESUMO

Understanding the molecular mechanisms of precancerous lesion of esophageal cancer is beneficial for early diagnosis and early treatment. The deletion of p53 gene is common in esophageal cancer, but its pathogenesis is still unclear. An animal model is urgently needed to study the mechanisms of esophageal cancer and p53 deficiency. KO mice (p53flox/flox.ED-L2-Cre+/-) and the corresponding control Loxp mice (p53flox/flox.ED-L2-Cre-/-) were obtained by crossing between the p53flox/flox mice and ED-L2-Cre+/- mice. Methylbenzylnitrosamine (NMBA) was injected subcutaneously to induce esophageal precancerous lesion of these two groups of mice. Hematoxylin and eosin staining analysis was performed to evaluate the number and extent of esophageal precancerous lesions in KO mice and Loxp mice at the 16th and 48th weeks. Immunohistochemistry analysis was used to detect the change of Ki67, P21, Bcl-2, and Bax proteins. The number and extent of esophageal precancerous lesions in KO mice were significantly increased compared with the control at the 16th and 48th weeks under the induction of NMBA. The Ki67, P21, Bcl-2, and Bax proteins also had cancer-related pathological characteristics. These results suggest that the esophageal precancerous lesion model was established under the combined effect of p53 gene deletion in esophageal epithelium and NMBA, which could provide a new esophageal precancerous lesion model to explore the mechanism of precancerous lesions.

4.
Biomolecules ; 10(2)2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32070026

RESUMO

Licochalcone D (LCD), a flavonoid isolated from a Chinese medicinal plant Glycyrrhiza inflata, has a variety of pharmacological activities. However, the anti-cancer effects of LCD on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have not been investigated yet. The amplification of MET (hepatocyte growth factor receptor) compensates for the inhibition of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activity due to tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), leading to TKI resistance. Therefore, EGFR and MET can be attractive targets for lung cancer. We investigated the anti-proliferative and apoptotic effects of LCD in lung cancer cells HCC827 (gefitinib-sensitive) and HCC827GR (gefitinib-resistant) through 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, pull-down/kinase assay, cell cycle analysis, Annexin-V/7-ADD staining, reactive oxygen species (ROS) assay, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) assay, multi-caspase assay, and Western blot analysis. The results showed that LCD inhibited phosphorylation and the kinase activity of EGFR and MET. In addition, the predicted pose of LCD was competitively located at the ATP binding site. LCD suppressed lung cancer cells growth by blocking cell cycle progression at the G2/M transition and inducing apoptosis. LCD also induced caspases activation and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage, thus displaying features of apoptotic signals. These results provide evidence that LCD has anti-tumor effects by inhibiting EGFR and MET activities and inducing ROS-dependent apoptosis in NSCLC, suggesting that LCD has the potential to treat lung cancer.

5.
Analyst ; 145(7): 2676-2681, 2020 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32065595

RESUMO

Highly sensitive and specific detection of rare tumor cells is urgently needed for early tumor diagnosis. Herein, a split aptamer-based dual hybridization chain reaction (dual-HCR) strategy with flow cytometry analysis was developed to meet this purpose. With the split aptamer pair as the recognition unit and HCR as the signal amplification technique, this strategy achieved an improved detection limit as low as 20 cells in 200 µL binding buffer. Meanwhile, this method was highly specific with distinct recognition of the target cells from the control cell and mixed cell samples. Furthermore, we succeeded in the specific detection of the target cells in 50% human serum, demonstrating that this method has great potential in clinical applications. In theory, this strategy can be used to detect different target cells by using different split aptamers. Therefore, this general, sensitive and specific tumor cell detection method may be helpful for early clinical diagnosis and cancer research.

6.
Br J Pharmacol ; 177(10): 2303-2319, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Overexpression or aberrant activation of the T-lymphokine-activated killer cell-originated protein kinase (TOPK) promotes gene expression and growth of solid tumours, implying that TOPK would be a rational target in developing novel anticancer drugs. Acetylshikonin, a diterpenoid compound isolated from Lithospermum erythrorhizon root, exerts a range of biological activities. Here we have investigated whether acetylshikonin, by acting as an inhibitor of TOPK, can attenuate the proliferation of colorectal cancer cells and the growth of patient-derived tumours, in vitro and in vivo. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Targets of acetylshikonin, were identified using kinase profiling analysis, kinetic/binding assay, and computational docking analysis and knock-down techniques. Effects of acetylshikonin on colorectal cancer growth and the underlying mechanisms were evaluated in cell proliferation assays, propidium iodide and annexin-V staining analyses and western blots. Patient-derived tumour xenografts in mice (PDX) and immunohistochemistry were used to assess anti-tumour effects of acetylshikonin. KEY RESULTS: Acetylshikonin directly inhibited TOPK activity, interacting with the ATP-binding pocket of TOPK. Acetylshikonin suppressed cell proliferation by inducing cell cycle arrest at the G1 phase, stimulated apoptosis, and increased the expression of apoptotic biomarkers in colorectal cancer cell lines. Mechanistically, acetylshikonin diminished the phosphorylation and activation of TOPK signalling. Furthermore, acetylshikonin decreased the volume of PDX tumours and reduced the expression of TOPK signalling pathway in xenograft tumours. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Acetylshikonin suppressed growth of colorectal cancer cells by attenuating TOPK signalling. Targeted inhibition of TOPK by acetylshikonin might be a promising new approach to the treatment of colorectal cancer.

7.
Mol Carcinog ; 59(2): 215-226, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793679

RESUMO

The high incidence and mortality of esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC) is a major health problem worldwide. Precancerous lesions of ESCC may either progress to cancer or revert to normal epithelium with appropriate interventions; the bidirectional instability of the precancerous lesions of ESCC provides opportunities for intervention. Reports suggest that the upregulation of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) is closely related to carcinogenesis. In this study, we investigated whether ODC may act as a target for chemoprevention in ESCC. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) assays indicate that ODC expression is higher in esophageal precancerous lesions compared with normal tissue controls. Its overexpression promotes cell proliferation and transformation of normal esophageal epithelial cells, and its activity is increased after N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine (NMBA) induction in Shantou human embryonic esophageal cell line (SHEE) and human immortalized cells (Het1A) cells. In addition, p38 α, extracellular regulated kinase (ERK1/2) in the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway and protein kinase B (AKT)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)/ribosomal protein S6 kinase (p70S6K) pathways are activated in response to NMBA treatment. Difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) is an ODC inhibitor, which inhibits NMBA-induced activation of p38 α, ERK1/2 and AKT/mTOR/p70S6K pathways; this has been verified by Western blotting. DFMO was also found to suppress the development of esophageal precancerous lesions in an NMBA-induced rat model; IHC demonstrated p38 α, ERK1/2, and AKT/mTOR/p70S6K pathways to be downregulated in these rats. These findings indicate the mechanisms by which ODC inhibition suppresses the development of esophageal precancerous lesions by downregulating p38 α, ERK1/2, and AKT/mTOR/p70S6k signaling pathways, ODC may be a potential target for chemoprevention in ESCC.

8.
Cancers (Basel) ; 11(12)2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31817790

RESUMO

: Topoisomerase (TOP) I plays a major role in the process of supercoiled DNA relaxation, thereby facilitating DNA replication and cell cycle progression. The expression and enzymatic activity of TOP I is positively correlated with tumor progression. Although the anticancer activity of (S)-10-Hydroxycamptothecin (HCPT), a TOP I specific inhibitor, has been reported in various cancers, the effect of HCPT on esophageal cancer is yet to be examined. In this study, we investigate the potential of HCPT to inhibit the growth of ESCC cells in vitro and verify its anti-tumor activity in vivo by using a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) tumor model in mice. Our study revealed the overexpression of TOP I in ESCC cells and treatment with HCPT inhibited TOP I enzymatic activity at 24 h and decreased expression at 48 h and 72 h. HCPT also induced DNA damage by increasing the expression of H2A.XS139. HCPT significantly decreased the proliferation and anchorage-independent growth of ESCC cells (KYSE410, KYSE510, KYSE30, and KYSE450). Mechanistically, HCPT inhibited the G2/M phase cell cycle transition, decreased the expression of cyclin B1, and elevated p21 expression. In addition, HCPT stimulated ESCC cells apoptosis, which was associated with elevated expression of cleaved PARP, cleaved caspase-3, cleaved caspase-7, Bax, Bim, and inhibition of Bcl-2 expression. HCPT dramatically suppressed PDX tumor growth and decreased the expression of Ki-67 and TOP I and increased the level of cleaved caspase-3 and H2A.XS139 expression. Taken together, our data suggested that HCPT inhibited ESCC growth, arrested cell cycle progression, and induced apoptosis both in vitro and in vivo via decreasing the expression and activity of TOP I enzyme.

9.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(21): 9530-9543, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697643

RESUMO

Statins comprise a class of prescription drugs used for reducing cholesterol. Evidence has also showed that statins could reduce cancer incidence. However, the anti-tumor mechanism of statins has not been fully defined. Here, we found that atorvastatin inhibited proliferation of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cells. The underlying mechanisms were explored by mass spectrometry. The proteome data revealed that atorvastatin inhibited the cAMP and Rap1 signal pathways, except for Ras signal pathway. Interestingly, phosphoproteome profiles suggested that ERKT185/Y187, CDK1T14, and BRAC1S1189 phosphorylation-mediated Th17 cell differentiation, Gap junction and the Platinum drug resistance pathway were down-regulated after atorvastatin treatment. The phosphorylation levels of ERKT185/Y187, CDK1T14 and BRAC1S1189 were confirmed by western blotting in KYSE150 cells. More importantly, atorvastatin suppresses ESCC tumor growth in PDX models. The molecular changes in tumor tissues were confirmed by immunohistochemistry. In conclusion, deep-proteome and phosphoproteome analysis reveal a comprehensive mechanism that contributes to atorvastatin's anti-tumor effect.

10.
Molecules ; 24(22)2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717502

RESUMO

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a poor prognostic cancer with a low five-year survival rate. Echinatin (Ech) is a retrochalone from licorice. It has been used as a herbal medicine due to its anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects. However, its anticancer activity or underlying mechanism has not been elucidated yet. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the anti-tumor activity of Ech on ESCC by inducing ROS and ER stress dependent apoptosis. Ech inhibited ESCC cell growth in anchorage-dependent and independent analysis. Treatment with Ech induced G2/M phase of cell cycle and apoptosis of ESCC cells. It also regulated their related protein markers including p21, p27, cyclin B1, and cdc2. Ech also led to phosphorylation of JNK and p38. Regarding ROS and ER stress formation associated with apoptosis, we found that Ech increased ROS production, whereas its increase was diminished by NAC treatment. In addition, ER stress proteins were induced by treatment with Ech. Moreover, Ech enhanced MMP dysfunction and caspases activity. Furthermore, it regulated related biomarkers. Taken together, our results suggest that Ech can induce apoptosis in human ESCC cells via ROS/ER stress generation and p38 MAPK/JNK activation.

11.
Cancer Prev Res (Phila) ; 12(12): 849-860, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31554627

RESUMO

Scutellarin is a flavonoid compound that is found in Scutellaria barbata It has been reported to exhibit anticancer and anti-inflammation activities. However, the anticancer properties of scutellarin and its molecular targets have not been investigated in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). In the current study, we report that scutellarin is a potential AKT inhibitor that suppresses patient-derived xenograft ESCC tumor growth. To identify possible molecular targets of scutellarin, potential candidate proteins were screened by an in vitro kinase assay and Western blotting. We found that scutellarin directly binds to the AKT1/2 proteins and inhibits activities of AKT1/2 in vitro The AKT protein is activated in ESCC tissues and knockdown of AKT significantly suppresses growth of ESCC cells. Scutellarin significantly inhibits anchorage-dependent and independent cell growth and induces G2 phase cell-cycle arrest in ESCC cells. The inhibition of cell growth by scutellarin is dependent on the expression of the AKT protein. Notably, scutellarin strongly suppresses patient-derived xenograft ESCC tumor growth in an in vivo mouse model. Taken together, our data suggest that scutellarin is a novel AKT inhibitor that may prevent progression of ESCC.

12.
Cancer Prev Res (Phila) ; 12(12): 837-848, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31554629

RESUMO

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. However, promising agents for lung cancer prevention are still very limited. Identification of preventive targets and novel effective preventive agents is urgently needed for clinical applications. In this study, we found that fluvastatin targeted 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase (HMGCR), which a rate-limiting enzyme in the mevalonate pathway, and inhibited non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumorigenesis. Initially, we demonstrated that HMGCR is overexpressed in human lung adenocarcinoma tissues compared with normal tissues. Knockdown of HMGCR in NSCLC cells attenuated growth and induced apoptosis in vitro and in vivo Furthermore, we found that fluvastatin, an inhibitor of HMGCR, suppressed NSCLC cell growth and induced apoptosis. Intriguingly, fluvastastin functions by inhibiting the HMGCR-driven Braf/MEK/ERK1/2 and Akt signaling pathways. Notably, fluvastatin attenuated tumor growth in 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK)-induced lung tumorigenesis and in a patient-derived xenograft lung tumor model. Overall, our findings suggest that fluvastatin might be promising chemopreventive or potential therapeutic drug against NSCLC tumorigenesis, providing hope for rapid clinical translation.

13.
Mol Cells ; 42(9): 628-636, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564074

RESUMO

Altered genetic features in cancer cells lead to a high rate of aerobic glycolysis and metabolic reprogramming that is essential for increased cancer cell viability and rapid proliferation. Pyruvate kinase muscle (PKM) is a rate-limiting enzyme in the final step of glycolysis. Herein, we report that PKM is a potential therapeutic target in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells. We found that PKM1 or PKM2 is highly expressed in TNBC tissues or cells. Knockdown of PKM significantly suppressed cell proliferation and migration, and strongly reduced S phase and induced G2 phase cell cycle arrest by reducing phosphorylation of the CDC2 protein in TNBC cells. Additionally, knockdown of PKM significantly suppressed NF-kB (nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells) activity by reducing the phosphorylation of p65 at serine 536, and also decreased the expression of NF-kB target genes. Taken together, PKM is a potential target that may have therapeutic implications for TNBC cells.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Movimento Celular , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Piruvato Quinase/metabolismo , Hormônios Tireóideos/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/enzimologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Humanos
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236125

RESUMO

Jie du tong ye san (JDTYS), a traditional Chinese herbal formula, has been used for cancer adjuvant therapy in clinical use and has been shown to be effective in cancer patients. However, the mechanism of JDTYS is still unclear. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to investigate the chemopreventive effects of JDTYS for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and to clarify the potential mechanism. N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine (NMBA)-induced rat esophageal carcinogenesis was used to evaluate the effect of JDTYS in vivo. Rats were treated with NMBA 3 times per week, for a total of 5 weeks. Rats in the treated groups were given JDTYS for 35 weeks. When rats were euthanized, esophageal tissue and blood were collected to evaluate the effects of JDTYS. The pathological grading of the rat esophageal preneoplastic lesions was classified and statistically analyzed. The protein levels of c-Jun and Ki67 were determined by immunohistochemistry. In addition, inflammation markers nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and the cluster of differentiation molecule 11B (CD11B) were also determined by immunohistochemistry. Moreover, the expression of COX-2 and Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) in rat serum was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). JDTYS could inhibit the formation of NMBA-induced esophageal preneoplastic lesions. JDTYS could downregulate the expression of proliferation related proteins Ki67 and c-Jun. Moreover, inflammation related proteins NF-κB, COX-2, and CD11B were inhibited and PTX3 was increased by JDTYS. In all, JDTYS is a promising chemopreventive formula against esophageal carcinogenesis by regulating inflammation and inhibiting cell proliferation.

15.
Phytother Res ; 33(9): 2337-2346, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31225674

RESUMO

Lapachol is a 1,4-naphthoquinone that is isolated from the Bignoniaceae family. It has been reported to exert anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and anticancer activities. However, the anticancer activity of lapachol and its molecular mechanisms against esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cells have not been fully investigated. Herein, we report that lapachol is a novel ribosomal protein S6 kinase 2 (RSK2) inhibitor that suppresses growth and induces intrinsic apoptosis in ESCC cells. We found that lapachol strongly attenuates downstream signaling molecules of RSK2 in ESCC cells and also directly inhibits RSK2 activity in vitro. The RSK protein is highly activated in ESCC cells and knockdown of RSK2 significantly suppresses anchorage-dependent and anchorage-independent growth of ESCC cells. Additionally, lapachol inhibits anchorage-dependent and anchorage-independent growth of ESCC cells, and the inhibition of cell growth by lapachol is dependent on the expression of RSK2. We also found that lapachol induces mitochondria-mediated cellular apoptosis by activating caspases-3, -7, and PARP, inducing the expression of cytochrome c and BAX by inhibiting downstream molecules of RSK2. Overall, lapachol is a potent RSK2 inhibitor that might be used for chemotherapy against ESCC.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/tratamento farmacológico , Naftoquinonas/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Quinases S6 Ribossômicas 90-kDa/antagonistas & inibidores , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , Humanos , Naftoquinonas/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais
16.
Cells ; 8(5)2019 05 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31121964

RESUMO

Angiogenesis is essential for the development, growth, and metastasis of solid tumors. Vaccination with viable human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) has been used for antitumor angiogenesis. However, the limited immune response induced by HUVECs hinders their clinical application. In the present study, we found that HUVECs induced by a tumor microenvironment using the supernatant of murine CT26 colorectal cancer cells exerted a better antiangiogenic effect than HUVECs themselves. The inhibitory effect on tumor growth in the induced HUVEC group was significantly better than that of the HUVEC group, and the induced HUVEC group showed a strong inhibition in CD31-positive microvessel density in the tumor tissues. Moreover, the level of anti-induced HUVEC membrane protein antibody in mouse serum was profoundly higher in the induced HUVEC group than in the HUVEC group. Based on this, the antitumor effect of a vaccine with a combination of induced HUVECs and dendritic cell-loading CT26 antigen (DC-CT26) was evaluated. Notably, the microvessel density of tumor specimens was significantly lower in the combined vaccine group than in the control groups. Furthermore, the spleen index, the killing effect of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs), and the concentration of interferon-γ in the serum were enhanced in the combined vaccine group. Based on these results, the combined vaccine targeting both tumor angiogenesis and tumor cells may be an attractive and effective cancer immunotherapy strategy.


Assuntos
Vacinas Anticâncer/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/terapia , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia , Vacinas Combinadas/uso terapêutico , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Feminino , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C
17.
EBioMedicine ; 44: 361-374, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31085102

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our preclinical data showed that the leukotriene A4 hydrolase (LTA4H) pathway plays a role in colorectal cancer (CRC). High expression of LTA4H and leukotriene B4 receptor type 1 (BLT1) were also associated with CRC survival probability. Clinical samples were evaluated to determine whether LTA4H could serve as a therapeutic target and whether leukotriene B4 (LTB4) could be used as a biomarker for evaluating the efficacy of bestatin in CRC. METHODS: Patients with Stage I-III CRC did or did not receive bestatin prior to surgery. Evaluable pairwise CRC patient blood samples were collected to evaluate LTB4 concentration. Tissues were processed by immunohistochemistry to detect the LTA4H pathway and Ki-67 expression. We also determined whether LTA4H or BLT1 was associated with CRC survival probability and explored the mechanism of bestatin action in CRC. FINDINGS: Samples from 13 CRC patients showed a significant decrease in LTB4, the LTA4H signaling pathway, and Ki-67 in the bestatin-treated group compared with the untreated group. LTA4H and BLT1 are overexpressed in CRC and associated with CRC survival probability. Bestatin effectively inhibited LTB4 and tumorigenesis in the ApcMin/+ and CRC patient-derived xenograft mouse model. INTERPRETATION: These results demonstrate that LTB4 could serve as a biomarker for evaluating bestatin efficacy in CRC and the antitumor effects of bestatin through its targeting of LTA4H and support further studies focusing on LTA4H inhibition in CRC.


Assuntos
Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Epóxido Hidrolases/antagonistas & inibidores , Leucina/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Biomarcadores , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Epóxido Hidrolases/genética , Epóxido Hidrolases/metabolismo , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Leucina/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Biológicos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Receptores do Leucotrieno B4/genética , Receptores do Leucotrieno B4/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
18.
Mol Carcinog ; 58(7): 1248-1259, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31100197

RESUMO

Purpurogallin is a natural compound that is extracted from nutgalls and oak bark and it possesses antioxidant, anticancer, and anti-inflammatory properties. However, the anticancer capacity of purpurogallin and its molecular target have not been investigated in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Herein, we report that purpurogallin suppresses ESCC cell growth by directly targeting the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 1/2 (MEK1/2) signaling pathway. We found that purpurogallin inhibits anchorage-dependent and -independent ESCC growth. The results of in vitro kinase assays and cell-based assays indicated that purpurogallin also strongly attenuates the extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) signaling pathway and also directly binds to and inhibits MEK1 and MEK2 activity. Furthermore, purpurogallin contributed to S and G2 phase cell cycle arrest by reducing cyclin A2 and cyclin B1 expression and also induced apoptosis by activating poly (ADP ribose) polymerase (PARP). Notably, purpurogallin suppressed patient-derived ESCC tumor growth in an in vivo mouse model. These findings indicated that purpurogallin is a novel MEK1/2 inhibitor that could be useful for treating ESCC.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Benzocicloeptenos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/tratamento farmacológico , MAP Quinase Quinase 1/antagonistas & inibidores , MAP Quinase Quinase 2/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ciclina A2/biossíntese , Ciclina B1/biossíntese , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , Feminino , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G2 do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Camundongos , Preparações de Plantas/farmacologia , Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/metabolismo , Pontos de Checagem da Fase S do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
19.
Cell Biochem Funct ; 37(3): 139-147, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30883865

RESUMO

Lin28, which is highly expressed during embryogenesis, has been shown to play an important role in cell growth and embryonic development. Meanwhile, Lin28 represses let-7 miRNA biogenesis and block pre-let-7 processing in the cytoplasm. The let-7 family of miRNAs is known to repress oncogenesis and cell cycle progression by targeting oncogenic genes and signalling pathways. Consequently, Lin28 acts as an oncogene by upregulating let-7 targets through the repression of let-7 biogenesis. A recent genome-wide association study (GWAS) showed that many genes related to Type 2 diabetes (T2D) are also oncogenes or cell cycle regulators. The role of Lin28 in mouse growth and glucose metabolism in metabolic-related tissues has also been studied. In these studies, whole-body Lin28 overexpression was found to promote glucose utilization and prevent weight gain by inhibiting let-7 biogenesis. Furthermore, Lin28 has been found to directly stimulate skeletal myogenesis and cell growth. Therefore, we determined whether similar effects mediated by Lin28a, which is essential for cell growth and proliferation, may also apply to pancreatic ß-cells. We found that overexpression of Lin28a protects pancreatic ß-cells from streptozotocin (STZ)-induced ß-cell destruction in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, Lin28a-overexpressing transgenic (Tg) mice had higher insulin secretion in the presence of glucose than in control mice. Our findings suggest that the Lin28/let-7 axis is an important regulator of pancreatic ß-cell functions and that precise modulation of this axis may be helpful in treating metabolic diseases such as diabetes. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY: We demonstrate that Lin28a prevents pancreatic ß-cell death against streptozotocin (STZ)-induced ß-cell destruction in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, Lin28a promotes cell survival and proliferation by activating the PI3K-Akt signalling pathway, which may be dependent on let-7 regulation. Taken together, our results imply that the Lin28a/let-7 axis is an important regulator of pancreatic ß-cell functions and that precise modulation of this axis may be helpful in treating metabolic diseases such as diabetes.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/prevenção & controle , Células Secretoras de Insulina/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células Secretoras de Insulina/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Estreptozocina , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
20.
Int J Cancer ; 145(4): 1007-1019, 2019 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30887517

RESUMO

Esophageal cancer, a leading cause of cancer death worldwide, is associated with abnormal activation of the AKT signaling pathway. Xanthohumol, a prenylated flavonoid tested in clinical trials, is reported to exert anti-diabetes, anti-inflammation and anticancer activities. However, the mechanisms underlying its chemopreventive or chemotherapeutic effects remain elusive. In the present study, we found that xanthohumol directly targeted AKT1/2 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Xanthohumol significantly inhibited the AKT kinase activity in an ATP competitive manner, which was confirmed in binding and computational docking models. KYSE70, 450 and 510 ESCC cell lines highly express AKT and knockdown of AKT1/2 suppressed proliferation of these cells. Treatment with xanthohumol inhibited ESCC cell growth and induced apoptosis and cell cycle arrest at the G1 phase. Xanthohumol also decreased expression of cyclin D1 and increased the levels of cleaved caspase-3, -7 and -PARP as well as Bax, Bims and cytochrome c in ESCC cells by downregulating AKT signaling targets, including glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (GSK3ß), mammalian target of rapamycin, and ribosomal protein S6 (S6K). Furthermore, xanthohumol decreased tumor volume and weight in patient-derived xenografts (PDXs) that highly expressed AKT, but had no effect on PDXs that exhibited low expression of AKT in vivo. Kinase array results showed that xanthohumol treatment decreased phosphorylated p27 expression in both ESCC cell lines and PDX models. Taken together, our data suggest that the inhibition of ESCC tumor growth with xanthohumol is caused by targeting AKT. These results provide good evidence for translation toward clinical trials with xanthohumol.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Fase G1/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos SCID , Propiofenonas/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA