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1.
Arch Toxicol ; 2022 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35396937

RESUMO

Mesothelin (MSLN) is a cell surface protein associated with tumor invasion and metastasis. This study aims to explore the biological function of MSLN in gastric cancer and to evaluate the association of MSLN polymorphism (rs3764247, rs3764246, rs12597489, rs1057147, rs3765319) with the risk and prognosis of gastric cancer. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) transfection and MSLN overexpression were performed in human gastric cancer cell lines, respectively. The proliferation of tumor cells was evaluated by Cell counting kit 8(CCK-8) and colony formation assay. Wound healing assay and transwell assay were used to elucidate gastric cancer cell migration and invasion rates. We conducted a case-control study involving 860 patients with gastric cancer and 870 controls. All mutation sites were genotyped by PCR-LDR sequencing. First, our study revealed the cancer-promoting role of MSLN in gastric cancer. Second, we also demonstrated that rs3764247 and rs3764246 were associated with a reduced risk of gastric cancer (OR = 0.83, p = 0.010; OR = 0.84, p = 0.011; respectively). The clinicopathological analysis further showed that rs3764247 was closely related to T stage, vascular infiltration, and HER2 expression. In addition, in the survival analysis of 392 patients with gastric cancer, patients with rs3764247 CC genotype had poorer survival than patients with AA + AC genotype after adjusting for age, sex, TNM stage, and Lauren classification (HR = 2.07, p = 0.029). Our findings indicated that MSLN could be an oncogene whose polymorphisms were closely related to the risk and prognosis of gastric cancer.

2.
Pathol Res Pract ; 233: 153850, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35367937

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The most studied genetic polymorphisms associated with gastric cancer (GC) risk are located in protein-coding genes. However, the localization of these in long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) has not been fully studied. We aim to investigate the associations of Long non-coding RNA macrophage migration inhibitory factor antisense RNA1(Lnc-MIF-AS1) five polymorphisms (rs755622, rs17004044, rs2070767, rs1007889, rs2000468) with the risk and prognosis of GC. METHODS: A total of 844 GC patients and 871 controls were included in the study. Genotyping was carried out using polymerase chain reaction-ligase detection reaction (PCR-LDR) technology. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) generated from unconditional logistic regression, were applied to quantify the effects of MIF-AS1 gene SNPs on GC risk. Log-rank test and Cox regression analysis were fitted to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) to quantify the effects of MIF-AS1 gene SNPs on GC prognosis. RESULTS: Significant associations were identified between MIF-AS1 rs17004044 variants and GC group in the codominant, dominant and additive models (OR = 2.843, P = 0.010; OR = 1.370, P = 0.004; and OR = 1.386; P = 0.001). In addition, association between rs17004044 variants and survival of GC was extremely observed (TC HR = 2.02 (1.21-3.37) P = 0.007, CC HR = 5.61 (2.12-14.83), P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: MIF-AS1 polymorphism rs17004044 contributes to increased predisposition and prognosis to GC.


Assuntos
Fatores Inibidores da Migração de Macrófagos , RNA Longo não Codificante , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Oxirredutases Intramoleculares/genética , Fatores Inibidores da Migração de Macrófagos/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Prognóstico , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética
3.
Cell Death Discov ; 8(1): 20, 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35017465

RESUMO

Gastric cancer (GC) is a global health problem and further studies of its molecular mechanisms are needed to identify effective therapeutic targets. Although some long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been found to be involved in the progression of GC, the molecular mechanisms of many GC-related lncRNAs remain unclear. In this study, a series of in vivo and in vitro assays were performed to study the relationship between FAM225A and GC, which showed that FAM225A levels were correlated with poor prognosis in GC. Higher FAM225A expression tended to be correlated with a more profound lymphatic metastasis rate, larger tumor size, and more advanced tumor stage. FAM225A also promoted gastric cell proliferation, invasion, and migration. Further mechanistic investigation showed that FAM225A acted as a miR-326 sponge to upregulate its direct target PADI2 in GC. Overall, our findings indicated that FAM225A promoted GC development and progression via a competitive endogenous RNA network of FAM225A/miR-326/PADI2 in GC, providing insight into possible therapeutic targets and prognosis of GC.

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