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2.
J Med Genet ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34544842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A large number of new causative and risk genes for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have been identified mostly in patients of European ancestry. In contrast, we know relatively little regarding the genetics of ALS in other ethnic populations. This study aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of the genetics of ALS in an unprecedented large cohort of Chinese mainland population and correlate with the clinical features of rare variants carriers. METHODS: A total of 1587 patients, including 64 familial ALS (FALS) and 1523 sporadic ALS (SALS), and 1866 in-house controls were analysed by whole-exome sequencing and/or testing for G4C2 repeats in C9orf72. Forty-one ALS-associated genes were analysed. FINDINGS: 155 patients, including 26 (40.6%) FALS and 129 (8.5%) SALS, carrying rare pathogenic/likely pathogenic (P/LP) variants of ALS causative genes were identified. SOD1 was the most common mutated gene, followed by C9orf72, FUS, NEK1, TARDBP and TBK1. By burden analysis, rare variants in SOD1, FUS and TARDBP contributed to the collective risk for ALS (p<2.5e-6) at the gene level, but at the allelic level TARDBP p.Gly294Val and FUS p.Arg521Cys and p.Arg521His were the most important single variants causing ALS. Clinically, P/LP variants in TARDBP and C9orf72 were associated with poor prognosis, in FUS linked with younger age of onset, and C9orf72 repeats tended to affect cognition. CONCLUSIONS: Our data provide essential information for understanding the genetic and clinical features of ALS in China and for optimal design of genetic testing and evaluation of disease prognosis.

4.
J Parkinsons Dis ; 11(4): 1845-1855, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34250953

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genetic studies have indicated that variants in several lysosomal genes are risk factors for idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the role of lysosomal genes in PD in Asian populations is largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze rare variants in lysosomal related genes in Chinese population with early-onset and familial PD. METHODS: In total, 1,136 participants, including 536 and 600 patients with sporadic early-onset PD (SEOPD) and familial PD, respectively, underwent whole-exome sequencing to assess the genetic etiology. Rare variants in PD were investigated in 67 candidate lysosomal related genes (LRGs), including 15 lysosomal function-related genes and 52 lysosomal storage disorder genes. RESULTS: Compared with the autosomal dominant PD (ADPD) or SEOPD cohorts, a much higher proportion of patients with multiple rare damaging variants of LRGs were found in the autosomal recessive PD (ARPD) cohort. At a gene level, rare damaging variants in GBA and MAN2B1 were enriched in PD, but in SCARB2, MCOLN1, LYST, VPS16, and VPS13C were much less in patients. At an allele level, GBA p. Leu483Pro was found to increase the risk of PD. Genotype-phenotype correlation showed no significance in the clinical features among patients carrying a discrepant number of rare variants in LRGs. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests rare variants in LRGs might be more important in the pathogenicity of ARPD cases compared with ADPD or SEOPD. We further confirm rare variants in GBA are involve in PD pathogenecity and other genes associated with PD identified in this study should be supported with more evidence.

5.
Mol Neurobiol ; 58(7): 3435-3442, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33723766

RESUMO

Functional and genetic studies have identified association between several Zinc finger (ZNF) proteins and Parkinson's disease (PD). However, most of them were still awaiting further replications, especially in the Asian population. Here, we systematically selected PD-relevant ZNF genes and analyzed the genetic associations between these ZNFs and PD in a large Chinese PD cohort. We identified rare variants (minor allele frequency < 0.01) in 743 unrelated patients with early-onset PD (EOPD, age at onset < 50 years) using whole exome sequencing and evaluated the association between rare variants and EOPD at both allele and gene levels. Totally 91 rare variants were identified in ZNF746, ZNF646, ZNF184, ZNF165, ZND219, and GLIS1. One variant p.R373H in ZNF219 and two variants p.G161D and p.R158H in ZNF746 were significantly associated with EOPD, and gene-based burden analysis showed enrichment of rare variants of ZNF746 in EOPD. Our findings build up the connection between ZNF746 and PD from a genetic perspective for the first time, supplement current understanding for the genetic role of ZNFs in EOPD, and broaden the mutation spectrum in PD.

6.
Mol Neurobiol ; 58(4): 1583-1592, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33219486

RESUMO

Recent genetic studies clearly indicate that variants in several lysosomal genes act as risk factors for idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD). Variants in the co-activator of glucocerebrosidase gene (GBA) and the four active saposins (Sap A-D) which are encoded by the prosaposin gene (PSAP) are of particular interest; however, their genetic roles in PD are unknown. Whole-exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing were used to assess the genetic etiology of 400 autosomal dominant inherited PD (ADPD) and 300 sporadic PD (SPD) patients. Variants from public databases, including Genome Aggregation Database-East Asian (GnomAD_EAS) and Chinese Millionome Database (CMDB), were used as control groups. Burden analysis based on gene and domains level were performed to investigate the role of rare PSAP variants in PD. Six rare and likely pathogenic variants, located in the Sap A-D domains, were identified and accounted for 0.75% (3/400) of ADPD and 1.33% (4/300) of SPD in the Chinese population. Based on the gene or domain, burden analysis showed that damaging missense variants in SapC had statistical significance on the risk of developing PD. Interestingly, rs4747203, an intronic variant potentially linked to PSAP expression, was associated with reduced risk for PD (p = 8.6e-7 in GnomAD EAS and p = 0.002 in Chinese). Clinically, patients carrying the likely pathogenic variants presented typical PD motor symptoms and responded well to levodopa treatment. Six out of seven patients carrying the likely pathogenic variants of PSAP presented slow disease progression, and none of the patients developed cognitive impairment. Our study expands the spectrum of mutations associated with the risk of developing PD and enhances the understanding of the relationship of the clinical phenotype of PD with PSAP variants.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Doenças por Armazenamento dos Lisossomos/genética , Doença de Parkinson/genética , Saposinas/genética , Idade de Início , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Sequência de Bases , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Frequência do Gene/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação/genética , Linhagem , Fatores de Risco , Saposinas/química
7.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(6): 690-698, 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33234871

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders are common but under-researched symptoms in patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA). We investigated the frequency and factors associated with sleep-related symptoms in patients with MSA and the impact of sleep disturbances on disease severity. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 165 patients with MSA. Three sleep-related symptoms, namely Parkinson's disease (PD)-related sleep problems (PD-SP), excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), and rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD), were evaluated using the PD Sleep Scale-2 (PDSS-2), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and RBD Screening Questionnaire (RBDSQ), respectively. Disease severity was evaluated using the Unified MSA Rating Scale (UMSARS). RESULTS: The frequency of PD-SP (PDSS-2 score of ≥18), EDS (ESS score of ≥10), and RBD (RBDSQ score of ≥5) in patients with MSA was 18.8%, 27.3%, and 49.7%, respectively. The frequency of coexistence of all three sleep-related symptoms was 7.3%. Compared with the cerebellar subtype of MSA (MSA-C), the parkinsonism subtype of MSA (MSA-P) was associated with a higher frequency of PD-SP and EDS, but not of RBD. Binary logistic regression revealed that the MSA-P subtype, a higher total UMSARS score, and anxiety were associated with PD-SP; that male sex, a higher total UMSARS score, the MSA-P subtype, and fatigue were associated with EDS; and that male sex, a higher total UMSARS score, and autonomic onset were associated with RBD in patients with MSA. Stepwise linear regression showed that the number of sleep-related symptoms (PD-SP, EDS, and RBD), disease duration, depression, fatigue, and total Montreal Cognitive Assessment score were predictors of disease severity in patients with MSA. CONCLUSIONS: Sleep-related disorders were associated with both MSA subtypes and the severity of disease in patients with MSA, indicating that sleep disorders may reflect the distribution and degree of dopaminergic/non-dopaminergic neuron degeneration in MSA.


Assuntos
Atrofia de Múltiplos Sistemas , Transtorno do Comportamento do Sono REM , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Sono
8.
Neurol Res ; 41(9): 791-801, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31056008

RESUMO

Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the effect of serotonin6 (5-HT6) receptors in the dorsal hippocampus (dHip) on the regulation of Parkinson's disease (PD)-associated anxiety. Methods: We examined whether intra-dHip injection of both 5-HT6 receptor agonist and antagonist was involved in the regulation of anxiety-like behaviors in sham-operated rats and rats with unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) lesions of the medial forebrain bundle by the open-field and elevated plus maze (EPM) tests. Four weeks after injection of 6-OHDA, the concentrations of dopamine (DA), noradrenaline (NA) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in relative related brain regions were measured by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. Results: In sham-operated rats, intra-dHip injection of both 5-HT6 receptor agonist WAY208466 (3 and 6 µg/rat) and antagonist SB258585 (4 µg/rat) increased the percentage of time spent in the center area in the open-field test and percentages of open arm entries and open arm time in EPM test, indicating that induced anxiolytic effects. In the lesioned rats, WAY208466 (1.5, 3 and 6 µg/rat) produced anxiolytic responses, whereas SB258585 (2 and 4 µg/rat) produced anxiogenic effects. Neurochemical results showed that intra-dHip injection of WAY208466 (6 µg/rat) decreased NA level in the amygdala, and SB258585 (4 µg/rat) increased DA levels in the dHip and vHip in sham-operated rats, whereas WAY208466 increased DA levels in the dHip, vHip, and amygdala in the lesioned rats. Discussion: dHip 5-HT6 receptors are involved in the regulation of anxiety-like behaviors, which may be mediated through different neurochemical mechanisms, and the dHip is an important site involved in these effects. Abbreviation: PD: Parkinson's disease;6-OHDA: 6-hydroxydopamine; dHip: dorsal hippocampus; vHip: ventral hippocampus; 5-HT: serotonin; MFB: medial forebrain bundle; DA: dopamine; NA: noradrenaline; EPM: elevated plus-maze; GABA: gamma-aminobutyric acid; BLA: basolateral amygdala.


Assuntos
Dopamina/metabolismo , Doença de Parkinson/tratamento farmacológico , Piperazinas/farmacologia , Serotonina/metabolismo , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Animais , Ansiolíticos , Ansiedade/tratamento farmacológico , Ansiedade/fisiopatologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores de Serotonina/metabolismo
9.
Brain Res ; 1650: 184-195, 2016 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27616337

RESUMO

The role of dorsal hippocampus (DH) serotonin6 (5-HT6) receptors in memory is unknown, particularly in memory impairment of Parkinson's disease. We tested here effects of activation and blockade of DH 5-HT6 receptors on working and hippocampus-dependent memories in rats with unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesions of the medial forebrain bundle. The lesion induced working and hippocampus-dependent memory impairments as measured by the T-maze rewarded alternation and hole-board tests, and decreased dopamine (DA) levels in the striatum, medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), DH and amygdala. Intra-DH injection of 5-HT6 receptor agonist WAY208466 (1.5, 3 and 6µg/rat) did not change choice accuracy and the number of head-dippings when re-exposure to hole-board in sham-operated rats, while 5-HT6 receptor antagonist SB258585 (4µg/rat) increased choice accuracy and decreased the number of head-dippings. In the lesioned rats, both WAY208466 (3 and 6µg/rat) and SB258585 (2 and 4µg/rat) increased choice accuracy and decreased the number of head-dippings. Neurochemical results showed that intra-DH injection of WAY208466 or SB258585 produced significant effects on DA and noradrenaline (NA) levels in the mPFC (WAY208466: sham-operated, NA -44%; lesioned, DA 522%, NA -47%; SB258585: sham-operated, DA 72%, NA 85%; lesioned, DA -68%), DH (WAY208466: lesioned, DA 427%; SB258585: sham-operated, DA 119%, NA 206%) and amygdala (WAY208466: sham-operated, NA -28%; lesioned, DA 302%; SB258585: sham-operated, NA 183%); however, 5-HT levels in these brain regions were not changed. These findings suggest DA depletion plays a key role in working and hippocampus-dependent memory impairments, and 5-HT6 receptors in the DH are involved in the regulation of the memories.


Assuntos
Memória de Curto Prazo/efeitos dos fármacos , Memória/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptores de Serotonina/metabolismo , Tonsila do Cerebelo/efeitos dos fármacos , Tonsila do Cerebelo/fisiologia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Dopamina/farmacologia , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Neostriado/efeitos dos fármacos , Norepinefrina/farmacologia , Oxidopamina/farmacologia , Doença de Parkinson , Transtornos Parkinsonianos , Córtex Pré-Frontal/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores de Serotonina/fisiologia , Serotonina/farmacologia
10.
Neuropharmacology ; 95: 290-8, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25863121

RESUMO

Preclinical studies indicate both activation and blockade of serotonin6 (5-HT6) receptors may produce antidepressant-like effects. Depression is a common symptom in Parkinson's disease (PD); however, its pathophysiology is unclear. Here we examined whether 5-HT6 receptors in the dorsal hippocampus (DH) involve in the regulation of PD-associated depression. Unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesions of the medial forebrain bundle in rats induced depressive-like responses as measured by the sucrose preference and forced swim tests when compared to sham-operated rats. In sham-operated rats, intra-DH injection of 5HT6 receptor agonist WAY208466 or antagonist SB258585 increased sucrose consumption and decreased immobility time, indicating the induction of antidepressant effects. In the lesioned rats, WAY208466 also produced antidepressant effects, whereas SB258585 decreased sucrose consumption and increased immobility time, indicating the induction of depressive-like behaviors. Neurochemical results showed that WAY208466 did not change dopamine (DA) levels in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), DH and habenula, and noradrenaline (NA) levels in the DH and habenula in sham-operated rats, and SB258585 increased DA and NA levels in these structures. Further, WAY208466 increased DA levels in the mPFC, DH and habenula, and NA level in the habenula in the lesioned rats, and SB258585 decreased DA levels in the mPFC and habenula. Additionally, the lesion did not change the density of neuronal glutamate transporter EAAC1/5-HT6 receptor co-expressing neurons in the DH. Compared to sham-operated rats, these findings suggest that the effects of 5-HT6 receptors in PD-associated depression may be mediated through different neurochemical mechanisms, and the DH is an important site involved in these effects.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo/fisiopatologia , Hipocampo/fisiopatologia , Transtornos Parkinsonianos/fisiopatologia , Receptores de Serotonina/metabolismo , Animais , Antidepressivos/farmacologia , Transtorno Depressivo/induzido quimicamente , Transtorno Depressivo/tratamento farmacológico , Dopamina/metabolismo , Transportador 3 de Aminoácido Excitatório/metabolismo , Habenula/efeitos dos fármacos , Habenula/fisiopatologia , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Feixe Prosencefálico Mediano , Metilaminas/farmacologia , Norepinefrina/metabolismo , Oxidopamina , Transtornos Parkinsonianos/psicologia , Piperazinas/farmacologia , Córtex Pré-Frontal/efeitos dos fármacos , Córtex Pré-Frontal/fisiopatologia , Piridinas/farmacologia , Ratos Wistar , Antagonistas da Serotonina/farmacologia , Agonistas do Receptor de Serotonina/farmacologia , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia
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