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1.
Prim Care Diabetes ; 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32070665

RESUMO

AIMS: Limited evidence is available on the association of mean arterial pressure and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among Chinese people. We aimed to investigate the association between MAP and risk of T2DM in rural Chinese adults. METHODS: We performed a cohort study of 12,284 eligible participants (4668 men and 7616 women) without T2DM at baseline. Cox proportional-hazards models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association of MAP with risk of T2DM. Restricted cubic spline models were used to evaluate the dose-response association between MAP and risk of T2DM. RESULTS: During a median of 6.01 years follow-up (73,403.52 person-years), T2DM developed in 847 participants (318 men and 529 women). In the multivariable-adjusted models, risk of T2DM was significantly higher for women with the third (90-100mmHg) and fourth MAP categories (≥100mmHg) than the first category (<80mmHg) after adjusting for confounders (HR=1.74 [95% CI 1.14-2.68] and 1.84 [1.20-2.83]). Restricted cubic spline analysis revealed increased risk of T2DM with increasing MAP for women. CONCLUSION: High MAP was related to high incident T2DM among women in China.

2.
Menopause ; 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32068689

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the association between age at menarche and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and whether the association is mediated by adiposity and insulin resistance (IR) in rural Chinese women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed data for 7,460 women (median age 56 y) from a rural Chinese area from 2013 to 2014. Data were collected by standardized interviews and anthropometric and laboratory measurements. Adiposity was measured by body mass index (BMI), and IR was measured by the homeostasis model assessment of IR (HOMA-IR) index. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence limits (CLs) for the association between age at menarche and T2DM. Mediation analysis was performed to explore the contribution of BMI and HOMA-IR to the association between age at menarche and T2DM. RESULTS: Among 7,460 women, 840 (11.26%) had T2DM. After adjusting for potential confounding factors, the odds of T2DM with the latest age at menarche 18 years or older versus 13 years was reduced (OR = 0.65, 95% CL: 0.47, 0.91), and age at menarche was negatively associated with T2DM (per additional year of menarche, OR = 0.95, 95% CL: 0.91, 0.99). BMI and HOMA-IR completely mediated the association between age at menarche and T2DM (total indirect effect: OR = 0.973, 95% CL: 0.961, 0.986; direct effect: OR = 0.974, 95% CL: 0.930, 1.021). CONCLUSIONS: Late menarche may be negatively associated with T2DM. The potential mechanism is adiposity and IR completely mediating the association between age at menarche and T2DM.

4.
Sleep Med ; 69: 71-77, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32058229

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The association between sleep duration and general and abdominal obesity in adults, especially in the rural Chinese population, remains unclear. Therefore, we conducted this study to evaluate the association between sleep duration and general and abdominal obesity in rural Chinese adults. METHODS: We included 12,446 adults aged 18-75 years old who completed a baseline examination during 2007-2008 and follow-up during 2013-2014. We prospectively investigated the sleep-obesity association over an average of six-year follow-up. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to assess the probability of new-onset general and abdominal obesity, estimating odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: As compared with sleep duration 6.5-7.5 h, short sleep duration (<6.5 h) was significantly associated with increased probability of abdominal obesity in men (OR = 1.60, 95% CI: 1.05-2.45) after controlling for multiple covariates. A similar association was found in men aged >60 years but not in women or in men ≤60 years. We found no significant association between sleep duration and general obesity. The results were consistent when restricting the analysis to participants without cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus or cancer at baseline. CONCLUSIONS: Short sleep duration was significantly associated with abdominal obesity in rural Chinese adults, and the association varied by sex and age.

5.
Prev Chronic Dis ; 17: E09, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31999540

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The relationship between blood pressure categories and all-cause mortality has not been fully addressed in cohort studies, especially in the general Chinese population. Our study aimed to assess the sex-specific association of systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and 2017 United States hypertension guidelines with all-cause mortality in China. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of 13,760 rural Chinese adults aged 18 or older (41.1% men). Mean age overall was 49.4, 51.0 for men, and 48.3 for women. We analyzed the blood pressure-mortality relationship by using restricted cubic splines and Cox proportional-hazards regression analysis, estimating hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 5.95 years, 710 people died (60.3% men) from any cause. We found a U-shaped SBP-mortality or DBP-mortality relationship for both sexes. Mortality risk was increased for men with SBP 120-139 mm Hg (adjusted HR [aHR], 1.42; 95% CI, 1.10-1.82) or ≥140 mm Hg (aHR, 2.05; 95% CI, 1.54-2.72), and for DBP ≥90 mm Hg (aHR, 1.53; 95% CI, 1.10-2.13) as compared with SBP 100-119 mm Hg or DBP 70-79 mm Hg. Mortality risk also was increased for men with blood pressure status defined according to 2017 US hypertension guidelines as elevated, SBP 120-129 and DBP >80 mm Hg (aHR 1.48; 95% CI,1.11-1.98); stage 1 hypertension, SBP/DBP 130-139/80-89 mm Hg (aHR 1.53; CI, 1.19-1.97); and stage 2 hypertension, SBP/DBP ≥140/90 mm Hg (aHR 1.83; CI, 1.33-2.51). No significant relationship was observed for women. CONCLUSION: Elevated blood pressure and stages 1 and 2 hypertension were positively associated with all-cause mortality for men but not women in rural China.

6.
J Diabetes ; 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919985

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to estimate type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) incidence with DNA methylation of the thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) gene and its interaction with environmental factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control study included 286 incident T2DM cases and 286 non-T2DM controls matched by sex, age, marital status, race, and residence village nested in the Rural Chinese Cohort Study. A conditional logistic regression model was used to estimate the association of DNA methylation at TXNIP gene with T2DM risk. Also, multifactor dimensionality reduction (MDR) and classification and regression tree (CART) analyses were used to investigate the interaction between TXNIP methylation and environmental risk factors. RESULTS: Methylation levels of all five CpG loci at TXNIP gene were significantly lower in T2DM than in controls (all P < .001). With increasing methylation level, risk of T2DM was significantly decreased (odds ratio, 95% CI 0.80, 0.69-0.94 for CpG1; 0.80, 0.69-0.93 for CpG2; 0.70, 0.56-0.88 for CpG3; 0.78, 0.66-0.92 for CpG4; and 0.76, 0.60-0.97 for CpG5). Additionally, the essential interactions among TXNIP methylation, obesity, and hypertriglyceridemia were identified by CART and MDR analyses. On logistic regression analysis, the risk of T2DM was reduced with terminal node 5 (CpG3 methylation ≥72%, nonobesity, normal triglyceride (TG) level, and CpG4 methylation ≥83%) vs terminal node 1 (CpG3 methylation <72%) (odds ratio 95% CI 0.20, 0.10-0.40). CONCLUSIONS: TXNIP methylation is associated with T2DM incidence in a Chinese population. Interaction between TXNIP methylation and environmental factors may influence T2DM risk and needs more investigation. HIGHLIGHTS: This is the first prospective nested case-control study in rural Chinese people to estimate the association of the methylation level of the thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) gene and its interaction with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) risk. We found a significant negative association between the methylation level of TXNIP gene and T2DM incidence. Interaction among TXNIP gene hypomethylation, obesity, and hypertriglyceridemia increased the risk of T2DM.

7.
Diabetes Obes Metab ; 22(1): 79-90, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468597

RESUMO

AIMS: To explore the quantitative dose-response association of total sedentary behaviour and television viewing with overweight/obesity, type 2 diabetes and hypertension in a meta-analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched three databases to identify English-language reports that assessed the association of total sedentary behaviour or television viewing with the aforementioned health outcomes. Restricted cubic splines were used to evaluate possible linear or non-linear associations of total sedentary behaviour and television viewing with these health outcomes. RESULTS: We included 48 articles (58 studies) with a total of 1 071 967 participants in the meta-analysis; 21 (six cohort and 15 cross-sectional) studies examined the association of total sedentary behaviour with overweight/obesity, 23 (13 cohort and 10 cross-sectional) studies examined the association with type 2 diabetes and 14 (one cohort and 13 cross-sectional) studies examined the association with hypertension. We found linear associations between total sedentary behaviour and type 2 diabetes (Pnon-linearity = 0.190) and hypertension (Pnon-linearity = 0.225) and a non-linear association between total sedentary behaviour and overweight/obesity (Pnon-linearity = 0.003). For each 1-h/d increase in total sedentary behaviour, the risk increased by 5% for type 2 diabetes and 4% for hypertension. We also found linear associations between television viewing and type 2 diabetes (Pnon-linearity = 0.948) and hypertension (Pnon-linearity = 0.679) and a non-linear association for overweight/obesity (Pnon-linearity = 0.007). For each 1-h/d increase in television viewing, the risk increased by 8% for type 2 diabetes and 6% for hypertension. CONCLUSIONS: High levels of total sedentary behaviour and television viewing were associated with overweight/obesity, type 2 diabetes and hypertension.

8.
J Hypertens ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790053

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies reported an inconsistent association between stage 1 hypertension (SBP 130-139 mmHg or DBP 80-89 mmHg) defined by the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association hypertension guidelines and cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. In addition, the proportion of CVD events that could be prevented with effective control of stage 1 hypertension is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between stage 1 hypertension and CVD events and estimate the population etiologic fraction. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases were searched from 1 January 2017 to 22 September 2019. Normal BP was considered SBP less than 120 mmHg and DBP less than 80 mmHg. Hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were pooled by using a random-effects model. RESULTS: We included 11 articles (16 studies including 3 212 447 participants and 65 945 events) in the analysis. Risk of CVD events was increased with stage 1 hypertension versus normal BP (hazard ratio 1.38, 95% CI 1.28-1.49). On subgroup analyses, stage 1 hypertension was associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) (hazard ratio 1.30, 95% CI 1.20-1.41), stroke (1.39, 1.27-1.52), CVD morbidity (1.42, 1.32-1.53), and CVD mortality (1.34, 1.05-1.71). The population etiologic fraction for the association of CVD events, CHD, stroke, CVD morbidity, and CVD mortality with stage 1 hypertension was 12.90, 10.48, 12.71, 14.03, and 11.69%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Stage 1 hypertension is associated with CVD events, CVD morbidity, CVD mortality, CHD, and stroke. Effective control of stage 1 hypertension could prevent more than 10% of CVD events.

9.
Mol Vis ; 25: 780-790, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31819340

RESUMO

Purpose: The neuromodulator dopamine plays an important role in light adaptation for the visual system. Light can stimulate dopamine release from dopaminergic amacrine cells (DACs) by activating three classes of photosensitive retinal cells: rods, cones, and melanopsin-expressing intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs). However, the synaptic mechanisms by which these photoreceptors excite DACs remain poorly understood. Our previous work demonstrated that α-amino-3-hydroxyl-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionate (AMPA) receptors contribute to light regulation of DAC activity. AMPA receptors are classified into Ca2+-permeable and Ca2+-impermeable subtypes. We sought to identify which subtype of AMPA receptors is involved in light regulation of DAC activity. Methods: AMPA receptor-mediated light responses and miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents were recorded from genetically labeled DACs in mouse retinas with the whole-cell voltage-clamp mode. Immunostaining with antibodies against tyrosine hydroxylase, GluA2 (GluR2), and PSD-95 was performed in vertical retinal slices. Results: The biophysical and pharmacological data showed that only Ca2+-impermeable AMPA receptors contribute to DAC light responses driven by ipRGCs or cones (via depolarizing bipolar cells). We further found that the same subtype of AMPA receptors mediates miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents of DACs. These findings are supported by the immunohistochemical results demonstrating that DACs express the PSD-95 with GluA2, a subunit that is essential for determining the impermeability of AMPA receptors to calcium. Conclusions: The results indicated that GluA2-containing Ca2+-impermeable AMPA receptors contribute to signal transmission from photosensitive retinal cells to DACs.

10.
J Diabetes ; 2019 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872550

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis was performed to quantitatively evaluate the dose-response association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science were searched up to 12 December 2018 for articles that assessed the OSA-T2DM association. Random effects models were used to analyze the quantitative association between OSA and risk of T2DM. Restricted cubic splines were used to model the dose-response association between apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), used to assess the severity of OSA according to events/h, and risk of T2DM. RESULTS: We included 16 cohort studies in our meta-analysis. During a median follow-up of 10.5 years (range: 3.0-22.0), 19 355 T2DM cases were reported among 338 912 study participants. The pooled relative risk of T2DM was 1.40 (95% CI, 1.32-1.48) for OSA in the binary meta-analysis and 1.08 (1.01-1.14) for each 5-event/h increase in AHI value. We found a positive linear association between OSA and T2DM risk. CONCLUSIONS: Our dose-response meta-analysis revealed a linear association between OSA and T2DM. HIGHLIGHTS: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a treatable chronic sleep disorder characterized by episodes of sleep apneas and hypopneas during sleep, increased oxidative stress, inflammation, and sleep fragmentation and is associated with significant comorbidities. Our systematic review and meta-analysis shows that people with OSA are at higher risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), which suggests that we should detect and treat OSA early to prevent T2DM.

11.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 29(12): 1299-1307, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640891

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the sex-specific association of height and all-cause and cause-specific mortality in rural Chinese adults. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 17,263 participants (10,448 women) ≥18 years old were randomly enrolled during 2007-2008 and followed up during 2013-2014. Sex-specific hazard ratios (HRs) for the height-mortality association, assessed in quintiles or 5 cm increments, were calculated by Cox proportional-hazards models. For both men and women, tall participants showed a baseline prevalence of high levels of socioeconomic factors including income and education but low systolic blood pressure and total cholesterol level. During a median of 6.01 years of follow-up, 620 men (in 39,993.45 person-years) and 490 women (in 61,590.10 person-years) died. With increasing height, the risk of all-cause mortality decreased in a curvilinear trend after adjustment for baseline age, socioeconomic and behavioral factors, and anthropometric and laboratory measurements. For men, height was inversely associated with all-cause mortality (HR per 5 cm increase: 0.89, 95% CI: 0.83-0.96) and cardiovascular mortality (HR per 5 cm increase: 0.81, 95% CI: 0.72-0.91). For women, height was inversely associated with all-cause mortality (HR per 5 cm increase: 0.88, 95% CI: 0.81-0.96) and other mortality (HR per 5 cm increase: 0.82, 95% CI: 0.71-0.96). CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated a sex-specific inverse effect of height on mortality from different major causes in rural Chinese adults.

12.
J Hypertens ; 37(12): 2354-2360, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568053

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate whether hypertriglyceridemic waist-to-height ratio (HWHtR) and its dynamic status was associated with hypertension (HTN). METHODS: We examined data for 10 312 nonhypertensive participants aged at least 18 years from the Rural Chinese Cohort Study at the baseline examination who were followed until 2014 with a median follow-up of 6 years. HWHtR was defined by combined triglyceride level and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR). Multiple logistic regression models were used to examine the probability of incident HTN according to HWHtR and its transformation, estimating odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: A total of 127 men and 225 women with high triglyceride level and high WHtR (HTHWH) had incident HTN during follow-up. After adjusting for potential confounders, the probability of HTN was increased with HTHWH for men [OR 1.49 (95% CI 1.01-2.20)] but this association was not significant for women [1.21 (0.88-1.66)]. The results of the sensitivity analyses were robust for men and women. The ORs were generally consistent on subgroup analysis by age,BMI, SBP and DBP for men. As compared with persistent normal triglyceride level and normal WHtR (NTNWH), the transformation from baseline NTNWH to follow-up HTHWH was associated with increased probability of HTN for men [OR 4.16 (95% CI 2.21-7.84)]. However, for women, the association of changed HWHtR from baseline to follow-up with probability of HTN was not significant for almost all transformation groups. CONCLUSION: HWHtR and its dynamic status was associated with incident HTN for rural Chinese men. From this cohort study, HWHtR may be an indicator for interventions aiming to reduce HTN among these men.

13.
J Hum Hypertens ; 2019 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31548617

RESUMO

The sex- and age-specific relation in the association of resting heart rate (RHR) and its change and risk of hypertension remains unclear. We prospectively estimated the incidence of hypertension among 9969 nonhypertensive adults participating in The Rural Chinese Cohort Study. Self-reported questionnaires and anthropometric and laboratory measurements were collected at baseline (2007-2008) and follow-up (2013-2014). The modified Poisson regression model was used to calculate relative risk (RR) values and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for incident hypertension associated with RHR and its dynamic change. During follow-up (median, 6.01 years), 797 (20.28%) men, and 1178 (19.51%) women developed hypertension. Risk of hypertension was increased for women with the highest versus lowest RHR tertile after adjusting for confounding factors (RR: 1.19 [95%CI: 1.04-1.36]) and was associated with increased RHR for women with young age (RR per 10-beat/min RHR increase, 1.25 [95%CI: 1.09-1.43]), middle age (1.06 [0.99-1.14]), and older age (1.11 [1.01-1.23]). Risk of developing hypertension was significantly higher (RR: 1.22 [95%CI: 1.04-1.42]) in women with high RHR (≥80-beat/min) throughout the study period than those with normal RHR (<80-beat/min). No significant association of RHR and hypertension was found in men. RHR is an independent predictor of hypertension in rural Chinese women. Persistently high RHR is associated with increased hypertension risk in women. The dose-response association between RHR and hypertension could be affected by sex and age status.

14.
J Hypertens ; 37(12): 2325-2332, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335511

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of prehypertension (SBP 120-139 mmHg and/or DBP 80-89 mmHg) and total cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), coronary heart disease (CHD), myocardial infarction (MI), and stroke. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science were searched for articles published up to 7 November 2018. Normal range BP was considered SBP less than 120 mmHg and DBP less than 80 mmHg. RRs and 95% CIs were pooled using fixed-effects models. Meta-regression was conducted to estimate the heterogeneity among subgroups. RESULTS: We included 27 articles (47 studies including 491 666 study participants) in the analysis. Prehypertension was associated with total CVDs (RR 1.40, 95% CI 1.34-1.46), CHD (1.40, 1.28-1.52), MI (1.86, 1.50-2.32), and stroke (1.66, 1.56-1.76). Risk of total CVDs, MI, and stroke was increased with low-range prehypertension (low-range: SBP 120-129 mmHg and/or DBP 80-84 mmHg) versus normal BP - RR 1.42 (95% CI 1.29-1.55), 1.43 (1.10-1.86), and 1.52 (1.27-1.81), respectively - and risk of total CVDs, CHD, MI, and stroke was increased with high-range prehypertension (high-range: SBP 130-139 mmHg and/or DBP 85-89 mmHg) - RR 1.81 (95% CI 1.56-2.10), 1.65 (1.13-2.39), 1.99 (1.59-2.50), and 1.99 (1.68-2.36), respectively. The population-attributable risk for the association of total CVDs, CHD, MI, and stroke with prehypertension was 12.09, 13.26, 24.60, and 19.15%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Prehypertension, particularly high-range, is associated with increased risk of total CVDs, CHD, MI, and stroke. Effective control of prehypertension could prevent more than 10% of CVD cases.

15.
Prim Care Diabetes ; 13(4): 301-309, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30826290

RESUMO

AIMS: Early age at menopause has been associated with increased incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but the quantitative association between age at menopause and T2DM was unclear. We performed a meta-analysis to assess the dose-response association between age at menopause and T2DM. METHODS: PubMed, Embase and Web of Science were searched up to January 5, 2019 for cohort studies that evaluated the association of age at menopause and risk of T2DM. Relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were pooled by using the random-effects models. Restricted cubic spline model was used to evaluate the liner or nonlinear relation. RESULTS: We identified 6 studies for the meta-analysis (267,284 women and 19,654 cases of T2DM). The pooled RR was 0.64 (95% CI 0.44-0.94) comparing the latest with the earliest category of age at menopause. The risk of T2DM was reduced by 10% (RR=0.90, 95% CI, 0.84-0.98) with each 5-year increment in age at menopause. We found an inverse linear association between age at menopause and T2DM. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that later age at menopause was associated with lower risk of T2DM.

16.
Public Health Nutr ; 22(8): 1361-1366, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30846007

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Limited information is available on the prevalence and effect of hypertriglyceridaemic-waist (HTGW) phenotype on the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in rural populations. DESIGN: In the present cross-sectional study, we investigated the prevalence of the HTGW phenotype and T2DM and the strength of their association among rural adults in China. SETTING: HTGW was defined as TAG >1·7 mmol/l and waist circumference (WC) ≥90 cm for males and ≥80 cm for females. Logistic regression analysis yielded adjusted odds ratios (aOR) relating risk of T2DM with HTGW.ParticipantsAdults (n 12 345) aged 22·83-92·58 years were recruited from July to August of 2013 and July to August of 2014 from a rural area of Henan Province in China. RESULTS: The prevalence of HTGW and T2DM was 23·71 % (males: 15·35 %; females: 28·88 %) and 11·79 % (males: 11·15 %; females: 12·18 %), respectively. After adjustment for sex, age, smoking, alcohol drinking, blood pressure, physical activity and diabetic family history, the risk of T2DM (aOR; 95 % CI) was increased with HTGW (v. normal TAG and WC: 3·23; CI 2·53, 4·13; males: 3·37; 2·30, 4·92; females: 3·41; 2·39, 4·85). The risk of T2DM with BMI≥28·0 kg/m2, simple enlarged WC and simple disorders of lipid metabolism showed an increasing tendency (aOR=1·31, 1·75 and 2·32). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of HTGW and T2DM has reached an alarming level among rural Chinese people, and HTGW is a significant risk factor for T2DM.

17.
Nat Prod Bioprospect ; 9(2): 145-148, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30820878

RESUMO

The flowers of Chrysanthemum indicum, i.e. Ye-ju-hua recorded in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, has been widely used in China as an important heat-clearing and detoxifying herb for the treatment of inflammation, headache, and vertigo. A phytochemical investigation of this herb has led to the isolation of two new eudesmane sesquiterpenoids, 7-epi-eudesm-4(15),11(13)-diene-1ß,3ß-diol (1) and 7-epi-1ß-hydroxy-ß-eudesmol (2). The molecular structures of these new sesquiterpenoids were established based on the comprehensive spectroscopic analyses, including NMR, MS, and IR, and comparing with the literatures.

18.
Diabetes Metab Res Rev ; 35(5): e3144, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30786122

RESUMO

The association between birth weight and type 2 diabetes mellitus has been debated for several decades. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to quantitatively clarify the association between birth weight and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus based on cohort studies. We searched PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase databases for cohort study articles on the association between birth weight and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus published up to 1 March 2018. Random effects of generalized least square regression models were used to estimate relative risk (RR). Restricted cubic splines were conducted to model the dose-response relationship. We included 21 studies (19 articles) involving 1 041 879 individuals and 35 699 cases of type 2 diabetes mellitus, with follow-up ranged from 6 to 47 years. We identified significant decreasing trend for the highest versus lowest category of birth weight for the association with type 2 diabetes mellitus risk: The risk was reduced by 35% (RR, 0.65; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.53-0.81) and by 12% (RR 0.88; 95% CI, 0.85-0.91) per 500-g increment in birth weight. Our results showed a dose-response relationship between birth weight and diabetes risk, which was nonlinear (Pnonlinearity  < 0.001) and L-shaped. With increasing birth weight (<5000 g), the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus decreased substantially. The association between birth weight and type 2 diabetes mellitus was curvilinear and L-shaped.

19.
Diabetes Metab Res Rev ; 35(4): e3129, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30657630

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the association between fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and mortality by gender. METHODS: A total of 17 248 eligible participants from a rural Chinese prospective cohort population were included. The same questionnaire interview and anthropometric and laboratory measurements were performed at both baseline (2007-2008) and follow-up (2013-2014). Participants were classified according to baseline FPG and diabetic status by sex. Restricted cubic splines and Cox proportional-hazards regression models, estimating hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI), were used to assess the FPG-mortality relation. RESULTS: During the 6-year follow-up, 618 men and 489 women died. The FPG-mortality relation was J shaped for both sexes. For men, risk of all-cause and noncardiovascular disease (CVD)/noncancer mortality was greater with low fasting glucose (LFG) than with normal fasting glucose (adjusted HR [aHR] 1.60; 95% CI, 1.05-2.43; and aHR 2.16; 95% CI, 1.15-4.05). Men with diabetes mellitus (DM) showed increased risk of all-cause (aHR 2.04; 95% CI, 1.60-2.60), CVD (aHR 1.98; 95% CI, 1.36-2.89), and non-CVD/noncancer mortality (aHR 2.62; 95% CI, 1.76-3.91). Men with impaired fasting glucose (IFG) had borderline risk of CVD mortality (aHR 1.34; 95% CI, 1.00-1.79). Women with LFG had increased risk of non-CVD/noncancer mortality (aHR 2.27; 95% CI, 1.04-4.95), and women with DM had increased risk of all-cause (aHR 1.73; 95% CI, 1.35-2.23), CVD (aHR 1.76; 95% CI, 1.24-2.50), and non-CVD/noncancer mortality (aHR 1.97; 95% CI, 1.27-3.08). CONCLUSIONS: LFG is positively associated with all-cause mortality risk in rural Chinese men but not in women.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Glicemia/análise , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Causas de Morte , Diabetes Mellitus/fisiopatologia , Jejum , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Adulto , Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/sangue , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , População Rural , Fatores Sexuais , Taxa de Sobrevida
20.
Oncol Lett ; 17(1): 990-998, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30655858

RESUMO

Taxol-based chemotherapy is a conventional therapeutic approach for the treatment of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). However, the insensitivity of TNBC cells to Taxol greatly limits the anticancer effect of the drug and leads to patient mortality. The present study first evaluated the expression levels of microRNA (miR)-1207-5p in human normal breast epithelial MCF-10A cells and TNBC cell lines (MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-436 and MDA-MB-453). The results revealed that the highest miR-1207-5p level was in MDA-MB-231, which suggested an oncogenic role of miR-1207-5p in TNBC. Therefore, MDA-MB-231 served as the present study's research model in subsequent experiments. The mRNAs that functioned as tumor suppressor factors for miR-1207-5p were then determined. Leucine zipper tumor suppressor gene 1 (LZTS1), which was predicted by TargetScan 6.2 and was supported by the results of a dual luciferase assay, was identified as a target of miR-1207-5p. AntagomiR-1207-5p increased LZTS1 mRNA and protein expressions, enhanced cell growth arrest and cell apoptosis induced by Taxol in MDA-MB-231 cells. Additionally, it was observed that, when compared with Taxol treatment, the combination of Taxol and antagomiR-1207-5p induced a sharp decrease in B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) and phosphorylated-protein kinase B expression accompanied by an increase in the Bcl-2-associated X protein expression. Finally, miR-1207-5p expression was significantly increased, while LZTS1 expression was significantly decreased, in TNBC tissues when compared with normal adjacent tissues, and there was a negative correlation between miR-1207-5p and LZTS1 expression. In addition, there was a notable elevation in the expression of miR-1207-5p and a reduction in the expression of LZTS1 in the Taxol non-responsive TNBC tissues when compared with the Taxol-responsive TNBC tissues. The results of the present study suggested that miR-1207-5p may be a promising predictor of sensitivity towards Taxol in TNBC.

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