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Int Angiol ; 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32052947


BACKGROUND: Insomnia may affect vascular factors and promote arteriosclerosis. Microparticles (MPs) are a heterogeneous group of bioactive small vesicles that can be found in blood and body fluids following activation, necrosis or apoptosis of virtually any eukaryotic cells. MPs are believed to participate in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Few studies have been concerned with the microparticle level in patients with sleep disorder. The purpose of the present study is to measure the levels of endothelial microparticles (EMPs), platelet microparticles (PMPs) and leukocyte-derived microparticles (LMPs) in middle-aged and elderly patients with or without insomnia. METHODS: Patients with insomnia (n=30) and without insomnia (n=18) were enrolled. The insomnia group covered patients with chronic insomnia (n=16) and acute insomnia (n=14). Levels of EMPs (CD31 +, CD62E +) and PMPs (CD41a +, CD42a +) and granulocyte-derived (CD11a +) MPs were measured. Flow cytometry was performed on the Beckman Coulter analyzer. Reference gate was defined for the level of MPs using 0.22-0.45-0.88µm microspheres, and the size gate for MPs was 0.5-1.0µm. RESULTS: Of all types of MPs detected, the levels of CD31 +MPs, CD62E +MPs and CD11a +MPs were significantly higher in the insomnia group than in the non-insomnia group (P<0.05). Besides, compared with acute insomnia, the levels of CD31 + MPs and CD11a +MPs were significantly higher in chronic insomnia (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In insomnia patients, atherosclerosis progression may be increased by the CD31+ EMPs-mediated apoptosis and endothelial injury. The level of CD11a+ LMPs kept increasing as insomnia persisted, which may indicate atherosclerosis progression.

Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(9): 1015-1022, 2019 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30925549


BACKGROUND: Large-nerve fiber dysfunction, as assessed by vibration perception threshold (VPT) predicts risks of ulceration, amputation, and mortality in diabetes. Serum uric acid (UA) is closely associated with various metabolic disorders, especially diabetes. Thus, we sought to investigate the clinical relevance of UA to large-nerve fiber dysfunction, among patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: Medical records of consecutive patients with T2D who were admitted to Beijing Friendship Hospital Pinggu Campus between May 2014 and December 2016 were collected. Data for the 824 eligible patients included in the final analysis were extracted using a structured form. A VPT value ≥15 in either foot was defined as abnormal. We compared the clinical characteristics between patients with abnormal VPT and those with normal VPT (VPT value <15 in both feet) in the overall population and in gender subgroups. Logistic regression analysis was performed to explore the association of abnormal VPT with UA level. One-way analysis of variance was used to compare VPT values across four UA quartiles. RESULTS: UA levels were significantly lower in T2D patients with abnormal VPT than in those with normal VPT (294.5 ±â€Š84.0 vs. 314.9 ±â€Š92.8 µmol/L, P < 0.01), especially among male patients (311.7 ±â€Š85.2 vs. 336.9 ±â€Š89.6 µmol/L, P < 0.01). From the logistic regression analysis, hyperuricemia (males >420 µmol/L; females >360 µmol/L) was associated with a reduced risk of abnormal VPT (odds ratio [OR], 0.60; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.39-0.91; P < 0.05). This association was robust in male patients (OR, 0.43; 95% CI, 0.24-0.76; P < 0.01) but not in female patients (OR, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.47-1.82; P = 0.816), even after adjustment for confounding factors. For the younger male subgroup (age <65 years), VPT values decreased as the UA level increased (P for trend = 0.002), but this trend was not significant in older male subgroup (age ≥65 years; P for trend = 0.400). CONCLUSIONS: Low serum UA levels showed a significant association with an increased risk of large-nerve fiber dysfunction in male patients with T2D, but not in female patients with T2D. In addition, in only the younger subgroup of male patients (<65 years), lower levels of UA also correlated with higher VPT values.

Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/patologia , Fibras Nervosas/patologia , Ácido Úrico/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/sangue , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/patologia , Adulto Jovem
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 41(9): 652-6, 2003 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14733801


OBJECTIVE: To Study T lymphocyte subsets, including T(H1) and T(H2) cells in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of children with mycoplasma pneumonia, understand immunopathogenesis and explore the possibility of immunotherapy of patients with mycoplasma pneumonia. METHODS: Fresh peripheral blood samples of patients from two groups, group 1, mycoplasma pneumonia (MP) group (35 cases, 15 males and 20 females, age range 3 - 13 years, mean 9 years), and control group consisted of 28 healthy children (14 males and 14 females, age range 3 - 12 years, mean 7 years) were treated and run through the flow cytometry. The data were obtained by using Simultest IMK-Lymphocyte software and the percentage of CD(3)(+), CD(3)(+)CD(4)(+), CD(3)(+)CD(8)(+), CD(3)(-)CD(19)(+) and CD(3)(-)CD(16 + 56)(+) cells were counted. The percentage of T(H1) and T(H2) cells were gained through determination of intracellular cytokines IFN-gamma or IL-4 in CD(4)(+) cells by flow cytometry. The 35 patients with MP were hospitalized at our hospital. In addition to fever and cough, all the patents had abnormal X-ray findings and/or moist rale on auscultation of the lungs. The IgM antibody to Mycoplasma pneumoniae was positive in each patient. Immunoglobulins were measured, and PPD skin tests were performed in 30 out of the 35 patients with MP. T test and rank sum test by SPSS FOR WINDOWS 10.0 was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: The percentage of CD(3)(+) and CD(4)(+) T lymphocyte was 68.00 +/- 6.66 and 37.86 +/- 5.84, respectively, in MP group, and 63.71 +/- 7.92 and 34.54 +/- 6.23 in control group (P < 0.05). The percentage of T(H1) cells was 14.13 +/- 8.46 in patients and 20.77 +/- 6.89 in normal control group (P = 0.001). The percentage of NK cells was 15.57 +/- 12.16 and 20.39 +/- 9.64 in MP and control group (P < 0.01). The ratio of T(H1)/T(H2) in MP group was lower than that in control group (P < 0.05). However the percentage of CD(8), T(H2), B cells and CD(4)/CD(8) had no difference between the MP and control groups. The levels of IgG, IgA, and IgM in serum were normal in most of patients except for a few patients who had elevated IgA and IgM levels. The PPD skin tests were negative in 30 out of 35 patients. CONCLUSION: In this study a higher percentage of CD(3)(+), CD(4)(+) T lymphocyte and lower percentage of T(H1), NK cells in PBMC of patients with mycoplasma pneumonia were found. The ratio of T(H1) and T(H2) cells in patients was also lower. None of thirty patients had positive PPD skin tests. Unbalanced cell-mediated immunity with a tendency toward T(H2) existed in patients with MP. Therefore, immunomodulators may be useful in treatment of mycoplasma pneumonia.

Pneumonia por Mycoplasma/sangue , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th2/imunologia , Adolescente , Complexo CD3/sangue , Antígenos CD4/sangue , Antígenos CD8/sangue , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas/sangue , Masculino , Pneumonia por Mycoplasma/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/citologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia