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1.
Genes (Basel) ; 11(2)2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013248

RESUMO

Diachasmimoorpha longicaudata (Ashmead, D. longicaudata) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) is a solitary species of parasitoid wasp and widely used in integrated pest management (IPM) programs as a biological control agent in order to suppress tephritid fruit flies of economic importance. Although many studies have investigated the behaviors in the detection of their hosts, little is known of the molecular information of their chemosensory system. We assembled the first transcriptome of D. longgicaudata using transcriptome sequencing and identified 162,621 unigenes for the Ashmead insects in response to fruit flies fed with different fruits (guava, mango, and carambola). We annotated these transcripts on both the gene and protein levels by aligning them to databases (e.g., NR, NT, KEGG, GO, PFAM, UniProt/SwissProt) and prediction software (e.g., SignalP, RNAMMER, TMHMM Sever). CPC2 and MIREAP were used to predict the potential noncoding RNAs and microRNAs, respectively. Based on these annotations, we found 43, 69, 60, 689, 26 and 14 transcripts encoding odorant-binding protein (OBP), chemosensory proteins (CSPs), gustatory receptor (GR), odorant receptor (OR), odorant ionotropic receptor (IR), and sensory neuron membrane protein (SNMP), respectively. Sequence analysis identified the conserved six Cys in OBP sequences and phylogenetic analysis further supported the identification of OBPs and CSPs. Furthermore, 9 OBPs, 13 CSPs, 3 GRs, 4IRs, 25 ORs, and 4 SNMPs were differentially expressed in the insects in response to fruit flies with different scents. These results support that the olfactory genes of the parasitoid wasps were specifically expressed in response to their hosts with different scents. Our findings improve our understanding of the behaviors of insects in the detection of their hosts on the molecular level. More importantly, it provides a valuable resource for D. longicaudata research and will benefit the IPM programs and other researchers in this filed.

2.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 98: 429-437, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31988017

RESUMO

Oxyeleotris marmoratus iridovirus (OMIV) and Oxyeleotris marmoratus rhabdovirus (OMRV) are the two major causative agents of disease leading to massive mortality and severe economic losses in marbled sleepy goby (Oxyeleotris marmoratus) industry. It's urgent to develop an effective vaccine against these fatal diseases. In this study, we developed bivalent inactivated vaccine against OMIV and OMRV and evaluated its protective effect in Oxyeleotris marmoratus. The intraperitoneally vaccinated fish were protected against challenge with OMIV and OMRV with both relative percent survival (RPS) of 100%. In addition, deep RNA sequencing was used to analyze the transcriptomic profiles of the spleen tissues at progressive time points post-vaccination with bivalent inactivated vaccine and challenge with OMIV and OMRV infection. Results showed that adaptive immune response was induced in Oxyeleotris marmoratus injected with bivalent inactivated vaccine. Furthermore, robust adaptive immune responses were also detected in vaccinated fish at 7 d and 2 d post-challenge with OMIV and OMRV. Taken together, these results indicated that bivalent inactivated vaccine activated adaptive immune responses in Oxyeleotris marmoratus, and provided protection against OMIV and OMRV lethal challenge.

3.
Microb Pathog ; 138: 103822, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669501

RESUMO

The virus inactivation test is a critical skill in inactivated vaccine production. Active viruses produced viral mRNA in susceptible cells or the host can be used to infer whether a DNA virus is replicating by RT-PCR. But it is generally difficult to avoid genomic DNA contamination in the samples. However, the use of primers spanning an intron is an effective alternative for virus inactivation test. Therein, a nested RT-PCR was developed to detect active ISKNV in the inactivated vaccine. At first, the transcriptome analysis of CPB cell infected with ISKNV revealed several gaps in some viral transcripts compared to ISKNV genome. One intron in ORF003L with 80 bp (designated IN-3) was confirmed by PCR and sequencing analysis. Then, two primer sets (primer A and primer B) spanning the IN-3 intron were designed to detect ISKNV transcription. The nested RT-PCR conditions were optimized with 0.4 µM primer A and 0.2 µM primer B, and 68 °C and 55 °C for annealing temperature, respectively. The sensitivity results indicated that the nested RT-PCR could detect one copy of live ISKNV propagating in CPB cells for seven days. The nested RT-PCR method was more sensitive and accurate than the method of blind passages in cells and fish challenge experiments. Together, above results indicate that this assay is a time-saving, labor-extensive and cost-effective for inactivation test of ISKNV in killed vaccine production.

4.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 228: 117784, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740121

RESUMO

This study describes the preparation of a novel multilayer sensor based on molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) for the detection of trace-level chlorophenols by surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). Composites of SiO2/reduced graphene oxide/gold (SiO2/rGO/Au, SGA) are chosen as the SERS substrates. The fabricated composites are able to enhance the SERS sensitivity, and the addition of MIPs improves the selectivity of traditional SERS substrates. Furthermore, the sensor's detection sensitivity and selectivity are improved by including two functional monomers, namely methacrylic acid (MAA) and acrylamide (AM) containing different functional groups. Finally, in to more effectively balance the selectivity of MIPs shell and the sensitivity of SERS detection, the prepared substrates are surface-modified with polydopamine (pDA) and prepared by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). It is confirmed that the prepared SGA-MIPs exhibits relatively good sensitivity and selectivity in the detection of chlorophenols. Importantly, all the investigations are conducted in environmentally friendly aqueous solution, which enables scaling-up without causing pollution.

5.
Neurosci Lett ; 716: 134634, 2020 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751668

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Studies have shown that moderate to severe stenosis of the carotid was associated with abnormal neural activity and functional connectivity (FC). However, whether there is a change of neuronal activity in individuals with asymptomatic vulnerable carotid plaque but mild stenosis (VCP) remains unknown. METHODS: From December 2015 to December 2017, a total of 31 patients with VCP and 31 no carotid plaque (NCP) controls were performed multi-modal state functional magnetic resonance imaging and investigated the regional brain activity and FC. Two basic algorithms of rs-fMRI, arterial spin labeling, and inflammatory biomarkers were comprehensively evaluated. The time series of aberrant ReHo and FC were also extracted and correlated with other clinical imaging features. RESULTS: As compared with NCP group, decreased regional brain activity was found mainly in left middle occipital gyrus (MOG) in the VCP group, but there was no significant difference in cerebral blood flow between the two groups. With the left MOG as seed, decreased FC was found between left MOG and right MOG and frontoparietal network in VCP group. Carotid intima-media thickness but not inflammatory biomarkers including high sensitivity c-reactive protein and interleukin-6 was significantly correlated with aberrant ReHo and FC in left MOG and right MOG. CONCLUSIONS: regional brain activity and FC may serve as early imaging markers for vascular-related brain dysfunctions and clinical indicators for early intervention of both atherosclerotic cerebral infarction and vascular cognitive impairments.

6.
Nanoscale ; 11(43): 20847-20856, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657433

RESUMO

Quasi-two-dimensional (Q-2D) perovskites are one kind of efficient luminescent material with fast energy transfer and radiative decay of excitons due to the energy cascade formed by the mixed perovskite phase. However, the existence of monolayer or bilayer nanosheets in the Q-2D perovskite film results in poor charge transport, high trap density and rough film surface because of the high ratio of ligands, which leads to poor performance of Q-2D perovskite light-emitting diodes (PeLEDs). Herein, we proposed a new strategy of a pre-solution mixing (PSM) precursor to inhibit the formation of ultrathin perovskite nanosheets, which significantly enhanced the charge carrier mobility, reduced the concentration of defects and improved the film morphology. The PeLEDs based on the PSM precursor achieved the maximum luminescence of 7832.1 cd m-2 (∼218% enhancement) and the peak current efficiency of 6.0 cd A-1 (∼131% enhancement). By introducing mixed cations in the PeLED, the maximum brightness of 14 211.0 cd m-2 and current efficiency of 14.6 cd A-1 were realized, demonstrating the generality of our PSM method for the preparation of high performance PeLEDs.

7.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; : 1-11, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567058

RESUMO

Adjuvanted-influenza vaccination is an efficient method for enhancing the immunogenicity of influenza split-virus vaccines for preventing influenza. However, the medical community's understanding of its performance in patients infected with HIV remains limited. To identify the advantages, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis with randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort and case-control studies that have the immunogenicity and safety of influenza vaccines in patients infected with HIV as outcomes. We searched six different databases, and 1698 patients infected with HIV in 11 studies were included. Statistical analysis was performed to calculate the pooled standardized mean differences (SMD) or relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). Regarding immunogenicity, the pooled SMD of GMT (Geometric mean titer) for A/H1N1 was 0.61 (95%CI (0.40,0.82)), the pooled RR of seroconversion was 1.34 (95%CI (0.91,1.98)) for the H1N1 vaccine, 1.27(95%CI (0.64,2.52)) for the H3N2 vaccine, 1.19(95%CI (0.97,1.46)) for the B-type influenza vaccine. The pooled RR of seroprotection was 1.61 (95%CI (1.00,2.58)) for the H1N1 vaccine, 1.06 (95%CI(0.83,1.35)) for the H3N2 vaccine, and 1.13(95%CI(0.91,1.41)) for the B-type vaccine. Adjuvanted-influenza vaccination showed good general tolerability in patients infected with HIV, with the only significant increase being the rate of local pain at the injection site (RR = 2.03, 95%CI (1.06,3.86)). In conclusion, all studies evaluating injected adjuvanted influenza vaccination among patients infected with HIV showed acceptable levels of safety and immunogenicity.

8.
Oral Oncol ; 98: 85-91, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31569054

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To develop a multidimensional nomogram for predicting the progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) (stage III-IVa). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 224 patients with locoregionally advanced NPC (training cohort, n = 149; validation cohort, n = 75) were retrospectively included. We extracted 260 radiomic features from the primary tumor and lymph nodes on the axial contrast-enhanced T1 weighted and T2 weighted MRI. Radiomic signatures of the gross tumor volume (RSnx) and lymph node (RSnd), Dose Volume Histogram (DVH) signature reflecting planning score (PS), and clinical characteristics were included as potential predictors of PFS. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression were applied for feature selection and data dimension reduction. A nomogram was developed by incorporating the selected predictors. The C-index and calibration curve were used to assess discrimination and calibration power of the nomogram, respectively. RESULTS: RSnd, PS, and tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage were the independent predictors for PFS (all p < 0.05). The nomogram integrating the three factors achieved a C-index of 0.811 (95% CI: 0.74-0.882) in the validation cohort for predicting PFS, which outperformed than that of the TNM stage alone (C-index, 0.613, 95% CI: 0.532-0.694). Subgroup analysis showed Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA status improved the predictive accuracy of the nomogram (C-index, 0.86, 95% CI: 0.787-0.933). CONCLUSIONS: The multidimensional nomogram incorporating RSnd, PS, and TNM stage showed high performance for predicting PFS in patients with locoregionally advanced NPC.

9.
Curr Neurovasc Res ; 16(4): 335-339, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) in the Erythropoietin (EPO) promoter region have been shown to influence EPO protein expression, and high blood levels of EPO are associated with an increased risk of brain injury in very preterm infants. Here, we investigated the genotype distributions and association of three EPO gene polymorphisms (rs1617640, rs551238, and rs507392) with the risk of brain injury in preterm infants. METHODS: 304 preterm infants with a gestational age of 28 to 34 weeks were enrolled in this study. Brain injury was evaluated by brain ultrasound and MRI examination. EPO gene Single- Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped by the Agena MassARRAY system, and their association with brain injury susceptibility in preterm infants was analyzed. RESULTS: EPO polymorphism rs551238 showed a significant difference in the genotypic distributions between the brain injury group and the control group, and was significantly correlated with reduced susceptibility to brain injury in preterm infants according to the results obtained from both the additive model (OR = 0.520, 95% CI: 0.339-0.799, P = 0.003) and the dominant model (OR = 0.523, 95% CI: 0.332-0.853, P = 0.009). EPO polymorphisms rs1617640 and rs507392 did not meet the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in the study population (P < 0.05) and were, thus, not subjected to further analysis for their impacts on brain injuries. CONCLUSION: The "C" allele of rs551238 was correlated with a reduced risk of brain injury in preterm infants which may serve as a potential marker for brain injury prediction in preterm infants.

10.
Biomolecules ; 9(9)2019 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480692

RESUMO

Glucose is a main carbon and energy source for virus proliferation and is usually involved in the glycolysis, pentose phosphate pathway (PPP), and tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA cycle) pathways. In this study, we investigated the roles of glucose-related metabolic pathways during the replication of infectious spleen and kidney necrosis virus (ISKNV), which has caused serious economic losses in the cultured Chinese perch (Siniperca chuatsi) industry. We found that ISKNV infection enhanced the metabolic pathways of the PPP and the TCA cycle at the early stage of the ISKNV infection cycle and enhanced the glycolysis pathway at the late stage of the ISKNV infection cycle though the comprehensive analysis of transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics. The advanced results proved that ISKNV replication induced upregulation of aerobic glycolysis at the late stage of ISKNV infection cycle and aerobic glycolysis were required for ISKNV multiplication. In addition, the PPP, providing nucleotide biosynthesis, was also required for ISKNV multiplication. However, the TCA cycle involving glucose was not important and necessary for ISKNV multiplication. The results reported here provide new insights into viral pathogenesis mechanism of metabolic shift, as well as antiviral treatment strategies.

11.
Metabolites ; 9(9)2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487859

RESUMO

Infectious spleen and kidney necrosis virus (ISKNV) has caused serious economic losses in the cultured mandarin fish (Siniperca chuatsi) industry in China. Host metabolism alteration induced by disease infection may be the core problem of pathogenesis. However, to date, little is known about the disease-induced fish metabolism changes. In this study, we first reported ISKNV, the fish virus, induced metabolism alteration. The metabolomics profiles of Chinese perch brain cells (CPB) post-ISKNV infection at progressive time points were analyzed using the UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS technique. A total of 98 differential metabolites were identified. In the samples harvested at 24 hours post-infection (hpi; the early stage of ISKNV infection), 49 differential metabolites were identified comparing with control cells, including 31 up-regulated and 18 down-regulated metabolites. And in the samples harvested at 72 hpi (the late stage of ISKNV infection), 49 differential metabolites were identified comparing with control cells, including 27 up-regulated and 22 down-regulated metabolites. These differential metabolites were involved in many pathways related with viral pathogenesis. Further analysis on the major differential metabolites related to glucose metabolism and amino acid metabolism revealed that both glucose metabolism and glutamine metabolism were altered and a metabolic shift was determined from glucose to glutamine during ISKNV infection cycle. In ISKNV-infected cells, CPB cells prefer to utilize glucose for ISKNV replication at the early stage of infection, while they prefer to utilize glutamine to synthetize lipid for ISKNV maturation at the late stage of infection. These findings may improve the understanding of the interaction between ISKNV and host, as well as provide a new insight for elucidating the ISKNV pathogenic mechanism.

12.
Microb Pathog ; 135: 103617, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31283962

RESUMO

The bluegill sunfish, Lepomis macrochirus, is an important aquacultural and recreational species in southern China because of its excellent taste, rapid growth rate, and good looks. At present, few pathogens are known to affect the bluegill sunfish. However, an iridovirus-like disease recently caused heavy losses to the bluegill sunfish aquaculture industry in Guangdong, China. We report that a virus, designated BSMIV-SD-20171020, was isolated from diseased bluegill sunfish in China. The isolate was efficiently propagated in a Chinese perch brain (CPB) cell line. The cytopathic effect was observed, the MCP gene PCR amplified, and the virus observed with electron microscopy. Its viral titer in CPB cells reached 104.13 TCID50 mL-1. The mortality rate was 100% when bluegill sunfish were challenged with BSMIV-SD-20171020 at a dose of 103.13 TCID50/fish. A histopathological examination revealed basophilic hypertrophied cells in the intestine, liver, and spleen. A nucleotide sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis of the major capsid protein revealed that isolate BSMIV-SD-20171020 is the species Infectious spleen and kidney necrosis virus (ISKNV), in the genus Megalocytivirus.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus de DNA/veterinária , Infecções por Vírus de DNA/virologia , Doenças dos Peixes/virologia , Iridoviridae/classificação , Iridoviridae/isolamento & purificação , Perciformes/virologia , Animais , Aquicultura , Encéfalo , Proteínas do Capsídeo/classificação , Proteínas do Capsídeo/genética , Linhagem Celular , China , Infecções por Vírus de DNA/patologia , Doenças dos Peixes/patologia , Peixes , Iridoviridae/genética , Iridoviridae/patogenicidade , Rim/patologia , Rim/virologia , Fígado/patologia , Fígado/virologia , Percas , Filogenia , Análise de Sequência de DNA/veterinária , Baço/patologia , Baço/virologia
13.
Appl Opt ; 58(14): 3718-3728, 2019 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31158182

RESUMO

Extreme ultraviolet lithography is regarded as the most attractive technology to achieve 7 nm node and below. A new high-numerical-aperture anamorphic objective lens is designed to extend the single exposure resolution limit. However, the polarization aberrations (PAs) induced by the multilayer coatings on mirrors cause pattern distortions that cannot be neglected. In this paper, a source, mask, and process parameter co-optimization method is developed to compensate for the pattern distortions caused by PAs and increase the process window (PW). We first present an asymmetric source represented by the superposition of Zernike polynomials to reduce the pattern placement error (PPE). Then, a weighted cost function that incorporates the influences of PAs is innovated. Finally, a gradient-based statistical optimization method is adopted to minimize the cost function by optimizing the lithography system parameters alternately. Simulations at the 7 nm node of the 1D mask pattern indicate that for the system with a PA of marginal field, compared with our earlier work, the critical dimension error and PPE of the proposed method are reduced by 75.0% and 82.4%, respectively, and the PW is increased by 97.4%.

14.
AMB Express ; 9(1): 93, 2019 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243611

RESUMO

The present study was performed to evaluate the effects of different concentration of rumen-protected methionine (RPMet) with a low level of crude protein (CP) using rumen simulation technology on many parameters. The experiment was assigned randomly into four treatments: (1) high protein diet (163.39 g/kg CP) without RPMet (HP); (2) low protein diet (146.33 g/kg CP) without RPMet (LP); (3) low protein diet, supplement with low RPMet (RPMet: 0.11 g/kg) (LPLMet); and (4) low protein diet, supplement with high RPMet (RPMet: 0.81 g/kg) (LPHMet), mixed with 20 g basal diet in each fermenter. Based on National Research Council (NRC) (Nutrient requirements of dairy cattle, National Academies Press, Washington, DC, 2001) recommendation for dairy ruminants HP diet was formulated as positive normal control and LP as a negative control. Results demonstrated that CP disappearance was found significantly higher (P < 0.05) in supplement groups compared with HP and found similar (P > 0.05) with LP. However, neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and gross energy (GE) were found a parallel among supplement groups compared to HP and higher than LP. Furthermore, microbial crude protein, total and short chain fatty acids were found similar in LPHMet and HP and found significantly higher than LPLMet and LP. The R. albus population of LPHMet found parallel to HP and pointedly higher than LP in a solid and liquid fraction. Daily production of ammonia nitrogen, total gas, and methane were higher in HP than LP, LPLMet, and LPHMet. Overall, results concluded that values of digestibility, rumen fermentation, microbial crude protein, and R. albus population were similar of LPHMet to that of HP group. However, production of ammonia-N, total gas, and methane volume were significantly higher in the HP group than LPLMet, LPHMet, and LP groups. In conclusion, rumen-protected methionine is a good feed supplement to low dietary protein in the level of 0.81 g/kg.

15.
PLoS One ; 14(5): e0216561, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31071161

RESUMO

Cytokeratin fraction 21-1 (CYFRA 21-1) has been widely studied as an important biomarker in non-small cell lung cancer for both diagnosis and prognosis. Many studies have also assessed the clinical applications of CYFRA 21-1 in head and neck cancer, but the diagnostic and prognostic values of CYFRA 21-1 are not yet fully established. This pooled analysis aims at evaluating the diagnostic accuracy and prognostic applications of CYFRA 21-1 in patients with head and neck cancer. A systematic retrieval of literatures was conducted without time or language restrictions by searching PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane library and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. Twenty studies were eligible for systematic review, of which 14 conformed for diagnostic analysis and 7 for prognostic analysis. The pooled sensitivity and specificity of CYFRA 21-1 analysis were 0.53 (95% CI: 0.39-0.67) and 0.97 (95% CI: 0.93-0.99), respectively. A high level of CYFRA 21-1 was significantly correlated with shorter overall survival (HR 1.33, 95% CI: 1.13-1.56) and disease-free survival (HR 1.48; 95%CI: 1.10-1.97). Current evidence indicates that the level of CYFRA 21-1 in the serum could be used as an indicator for monitoring tumor status and evaluating its curative effects.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico , Queratina-19/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Humanos , Prognóstico
16.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(7): 1986-1992, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31046894

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, nitrogen-fixing bacterium, designated strain L461T, was isolated from leaves of Bryophyllum pinnatum growing at the South China Agricultural University. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated it as a member of the genus Azotobacter closely related to Azotobacter beijerinckii JCM 20725T (97.82 % similarity) and Azotobacter chroococcum ATCC 9043T (97.34 %). Its major fatty acid components were C16 : 1 ω9c and C16 : 0. Its predominant isoprenoid quinone was Q-9. Its major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, aminophospholipid, phospholipid and one unknown lipid. Its DNA G+C content was 64.9 mol% (Tm). DNA-DNA relatedness values between strain L461T and the reference strains of A. beijerinckii and A. chroococcum were 46.43 and 28.23 %, respectively. Biological and biochemical tests, protein patterns, genomic DNA fingerprinting, and comparison of cellular fatty acids distinguished strain L461T from the closely related Azotobacter species. Based on these data, the novel species Azotobacter bryophylli sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain L461T (=KCTC 62195T=GDMCC 1.1250T).


Assuntos
Azotobacter/classificação , Kalanchoe/microbiologia , Filogenia , Azotobacter/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , Impressões Digitais de DNA , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Folhas de Planta/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
17.
Nanoscale ; 11(18): 9103-9114, 2019 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31025996

RESUMO

Metal halide perovskite quantum dots (PQDs) have become the most promising optoelectronic material in new generation displays and lighting devices due to their excellent optical properties. However, their stability and surface defects have affected their large-scale applications. We demonstrate enhanced stability of high-surface-area colloidal PQDs encapsulated with long-chain organic polymer poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) via simply mixing the PQDs with this high molecular-weight polymer. The introduction of the polymer deactivates the surface defects of PQDs and sufficiently protects the organic ligands on the surfaces of PQDs with obviously improved ambient stability and photoluminescence quantum yield. Moreover, the use of PEO efficiently confines electrons within the PQD emission layer and generates extremely stable green electroluminescence spectra in MAPbBr3 light-emitting diodes (LEDs) over a wide voltage operation range of 5-12 V, accompanied by significant improvements in external quantum efficiencies with enhancement factors of 18.3 times. Our work provides a robust platform for the fabrication of stable PQDs, high-quality PQD films and efficient PQD-based LEDs.

18.
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry ; 28(11): 1499-1506, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30887130

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between pre-pregnancy maternal weight status and offspring physician visits for mental health conditions in childhood and adolescence. We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study of singleton infants born between the years of 1989 and 1993 using a linkage of the Nova Scotia Atlee Perinatal Database with administrative health data. Offspring were followed from birth to age 18 years. Maternal weight status was categorized according to WHO body mass index cutoffs. The number of physician visits for any mental health condition, mood, anxiety, and adjustment disorders, conduct disorder, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from age 0-18 years was determined from ICD codes in physician billings and hospital discharge abstract data. Negative binomial regression adjusting for sociodemographics, maternal psychiatric disorders and smoking was used to model the association. In total, 38,211 mother-offspring pairs were included in the cohort. Within the first 18 years of life, offspring of mothers with obesity had significantly more physician visits for any mental health condition [adjusted incidence rate ratio (IRR) 1.26, 95% CI 1.19-1.34], mood, anxiety, and adjustment disorders (IRR 1.16, 95% CI 1.07-1.25), conduct disorder (IRR 1.25, 95% CI 1.08-1.45), and ADHD (IRR 1.45, 95% CI 1.24-1.69) compared to mothers of normal weight. Associations for mood, anxiety, and adjustment disorders and conduct disorder were strongest at 13-18 years. Offspring of mothers with obesity appear to use health care for mental health conditions more frequently than offspring of normal weight mothers.


Assuntos
Comportamento Materno/psicologia , Saúde Mental/tendências , Adolescente , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
J Hematol Oncol ; 12(1): 19, 2019 02 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30795783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence has demonstrated that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) play a role in the construction of tumor microenvironments. Co-culture between tumor cells and MSCs provides an easy and useful platform for mimicking tumor microenvironments and identifying the important members involved in tumor progress. The long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to regulate different tumorigenic processes. In this study, we aimed to examine functional lncRNA deregulations associated with breast cancer malignancy instigated by MSC-MCF-7 co-culture. METHODS: The microarrays were used to profile the expression changes of lncRNAs in MCF-7 cells during epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) induced by co-culture with MSCs. We found that an intergenic lncRNA KB-1732A1.1 (termed LincK, partly overlapped with GASL1) was significantly elevated. To investigate the biological function of LincK, the expression of EMT markers, cell migration, invasion, proliferation, and colony formation were evaluated in vitro and xenograft assay in nude mice were performed in vivo. Furthermore, we detected LincK expression in clinical samples using RNAscope® technology and verified aberrant expression of LincK in breast cancer data sets from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) by bioinformatic analysis. The underlying mechanisms of LincK were investigated using mRNA microarray analyses, Western blot, RNA pull down, and RNA immunoprecipitation. RESULTS: LincK induced an EMT progress in breast cancer cells (BCC) MCF-7, MDA-MB-453, and MDA-MB-231. The depletion of LincK decreased the growth, migration, and invasion in BCC, whereas the overexpression of LincK exerted the opposite effects. Moreover, knockdown of LincK repressed tumorigenesis, and ectopic expression of LincK promoted tumor growth in MCF-7 xenograft model. LincK ablation in MDA-MB-231 cells dramatically impaired lung metastasis when incubated intravenously into nude mice. Further, LincK was frequently elevated in breast cancer compared with normal breast tissue in clinical samples. Mechanistically, LincK may share common miRNA response elements with PBK and ZEB1 and regulate the effects of miR-200 s. CONCLUSION: LincK plays a significant role in regulating EMT and tumor growth and could be a potential therapeutic target in breast cancer.

20.
Microb Pathog ; 129: 146-151, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30731189

RESUMO

To distinguish between three types of Siniperca chuatsi rhabdovirus (SCRV) viral RNA (vRNA, cRNA, and mRNA) and investigate SCRV transcription and replication dynamics in Chinese perch brain CPB cells, a novel, strand-specific, reverse transcriptase quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR) assay was established. The method is based on strand-specific reverse transcription, using tagged primers to add a 'tag' sequence at the 5' end. We used the 'tag' sequence as the forward primer and a strand-specific reverse primer to quantify the three types of RNA. Three types of synthetic viral RNA were used as reference standards for validation and quantification. These assays were optimized to produce a standard curve from 102 to 107 copies/µL, with an efficiency of 91-101% and an R2 value of 0.9949-0.9999. The coefficients of variation for repeatability and reproducibility were less than 2.85% and 5.52%, respectively. Using this method, specific target RNA was detected at a 3500-70,000 fold higher level than other types of RNA. This method was also used to evaluate the dynamics of vRNA, cRNA and mRNA synthesis in CPB cells infected with SCRV. The results indicate that the intracellular dynamics of vRNA, cRNA and mRNA are different. In the earliest phase of SCRV infection, all three types of viral RNA increased very slowly. The copy number of vRNA and mRNA increased exponentially from 4 h post infection, while cRNA increased from 6 h post infection. The amount of cRNA was lower than vRNA and mRNA throughout the infection. The novel, strand-specific RT-qPCR method developed in this study provides critical data to aid the understanding of transcription and replication during SCRV infection.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes/virologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/métodos , Infecções por Rhabdoviridae/veterinária , Rhabdoviridae/fisiologia , Transcrição Genética , Replicação Viral , Animais , Encéfalo/virologia , Percas , RNA Viral/genética , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Rhabdoviridae/genética , Infecções por Rhabdoviridae/virologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
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