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1.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 3238, 2021 05 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34050182

RESUMO

The design of CRISPR gRNAs requires accurate on-target efficiency predictions, which demand high-quality gRNA activity data and efficient modeling. To advance, we here report on the generation of on-target gRNA activity data for 10,592 SpCas9 gRNAs. Integrating these with complementary published data, we train a deep learning model, CRISPRon, on 23,902 gRNAs. Compared to existing tools, CRISPRon exhibits significantly higher prediction performances on four test datasets not overlapping with training data used for the development of these tools. Furthermore, we present an interactive gRNA design webserver based on the CRISPRon standalone software, both available via https://rth.dk/resources/crispr/ . CRISPRon advances CRISPR applications by providing more accurate gRNA efficiency predictions than the existing tools.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional/métodos , Aprendizado Profundo , Edição de Genes , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Lentivirus/genética , Plasmídeos/genética , RNA Guia/genética , Software
2.
Am J Mens Health ; 15(3): 15579883211017033, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34036824

RESUMO

Abnormal aromatase (CYP19A1) expression may participate in prostate cancer (PCa) carcinogenesis. However, the results of studies on the CYP19A1 gene polymorphisms and PCa are conflicting. This meta-analysis aimed to systematically evaluate the associations between the CYP19A1 Arg264Cys polymorphism and the (TTTA)n repeat polymorphism and PCa. Electronic databases (PubMed, EmBase, ScienceDirect, and Cochrane Library) were comprehensively searched to identify eligible studies. The strength of the association between the Arg264Cys polymorphism and PCa was assessed by pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) in allelic, dominant, recessive, homozygous, and heterozygous genetic models. To analyze the impact of the (TTTA)n repeat polymorphism, we sequentially took the N-repeat allele (where N equals 7,8,10,11,12, and 13) as the minor allele and the sum of all the other alleles as the major allele. The ORs and 95% CIs were calculated in the allelic model; this analysis was performed individually for each repeat number. Pooled estimates of nine studies addressing the Arg264Cys polymorphism indicated that this polymorphism was not associated with PCa risk in the overall population or in the Caucasian or Asian subgroups. The 8-repeat allele in the (TTTA)n repeat polymorphism increased PCa risk in the overall population (OR = 1.34, 95% CI = 1.14-1.58, p = .001) and in the subgroup with population-based (PB) controls (OR = 1.41, 95% CI = 1.13-1.74, p = .002) as well as in the subgroup using capillary electrophoresis to identify this polymorphism (OR = 1.34, 95% CI = 1.09-1.65, p = .006).The meta-analysis indicated that the CYP19A1 (TTTA)n repeat polymorphism, but not the Arg264Cys polymorphism, may affect PCa risk.

3.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 10356, 2021 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33990673

RESUMO

Due to the increasing demand for eco-friendly, cost-effective and safe technologies, biosynthetic metal nanoparticles have attracted worldwide attention. In this study, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were extracellularly biosynthesized using the culture supernatants of Aspergillus sydowii. During synthesis, color change was preliminarily judge of the generation of AgNPs, and the UV absorption peak at 420 nm further confirms the production of AgNPs. Transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction were also used to identify the AgNPs. The results shows that AgNPs has crystalline cubic feature and is a polydisperse spherical particle with size between 1 and 24 nm. Three main synthesis factors (temperature, pH and substrate concentration) were optimized, the best synthesis conditions were as follows 50 °C, 8.0 and 1.5 mM. In the biological application of AgNPs, it shows effective antifungal activity against many clinical pathogenic fungi and antiproliferative activity to HeLa cells and MCF-7 cells in vitro. Our research finds a new path to biosynthesis of AgNPs in an eco-friendly manner, and bring opportunity for biomedical applications in clinic.

4.
Nat Chem ; 2021 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33972753

RESUMO

The design of peptides that assemble in membranes to form functional ion channels is challenging. Specifically, hydrophobic interactions must be designed between the peptides and at the peptide-lipid interfaces simultaneously. Here, we take a multi-step approach towards this problem. First, we use rational de novo design to generate water-soluble α-helical barrels with polar interiors, and confirm their structures using high-resolution X-ray crystallography. These α-helical barrels have water-filled lumens like those of transmembrane channels. Next, we modify the sequences to facilitate their insertion into lipid bilayers. Single-channel electrical recordings and fluorescent imaging of the peptides in membranes show monodisperse, cation-selective channels of unitary conductance. Surprisingly, however, an X-ray structure solved from the lipidic cubic phase for one peptide reveals an alternative state with tightly packed helices and a constricted channel. To reconcile these observations, we perform computational analyses to compare the properties of possible different states of the peptide.

5.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(6): 2896-2907, 2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34032089

RESUMO

A pg-C3N4/BiOBr/Ag composite was successfully prepared by simple high-temperature calcination and co-precipitation methods. The composite was characterized by means of XRD, SEM, TEM, XPS, UV-Vis, BET, and photocurrent analyses alongside other detection methods, and the degradation of 10 mg·L-1 sulfamethoxazole was investigated under simulated visible light irradiation. The results showed that the pg-C3N4/BiOBr/Ag composite had the best degradation effect on sulfamethoxazole when the loading ratio of silver was 5%. Compared with pg-C3N4, BiOBr monomer, and pg-C3N4/BiOBr composite, the photocatalytic degradation effect of the pg-C3N4/BiOBr/Ag (5%) was significantly improved, and the degradation rate was almost 100% within 30 min. The reaction rate constant (0.21016 min-1) was 13.15 times that of pg-C3N4/BiOBr. Through radical quenching experiments, it was shown that the main active substances in the photocatalytic degradation were holes (h+), superoxide radicals (·O2-), and singlet oxygen (1O2), among which superoxide radicals (·O2-) contributed the most. Cyclic tests of pg-C3N4/BiOBr/Ag showed that the synthesized material has good recyclability and application prospects.

7.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 652837, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33869084

RESUMO

Disturbance in microbiota affects the mucosal immune response, and it is gradually recognized to be associated with the Immunoglobin A nephropathy (IgAN). This study aims to explore the potential roles of oral microbiota in disease pathogenesis. Saliva samples were collected from 31 patients with IgAN and 30 controls for 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The evenness, diversity, and composition of oral microbiota were analyzed. Moreover, sub-phenotype association analysis was conducted. Phylogenetic Investigation of Communities by Reconstruction of Unobserved States (PICRUSt) based on the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) database was used to investigate microbiota functions. Compared to healthy controls, microbial diversity tended to decrease in IgAN, and the microbial profiles were remarkably distinguished. The relative abundance of Capnocytophaga and SR1_genera_incertae_sedis were enriched, whereas 17 genera, such as Rothia, were significantly reduced in IgAN. Variable importance in projection scores showed that 12 genera, including Capnocytophaga, Rothia, and Haemophilus, could discriminate between the two groups. In the sub-phenotype correlation analysis, the relative abundance of Capnocytophaga and Haemophilus was positively associated with levels of proteinuria and serum IgA, respectively. Further metabolic pathway analysis showed 7 predictive functional profiles, including glycosphingolipid biosynthesis, oxidative phosphorylation, and N-glycan biosynthesis were enriched in IgAN. In conclusion, disturbance in oral microbiota was observed to be associated with IgAN and its sub-phenotypes, which may shed novel insights into disease pathogenesis from a microbiome perspective.

8.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 104, 2021 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33882980

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, thoracoscopic lobectomy is widely used in clinical practice, and postoperative placement of ultrafine drainage tube has advantages of reducing postoperative pain and accelerating postoperative recovery in patients. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility and safety of placement of 8F ultrafine chest drainage tube after thoracoscopic lobectomy and its superiority over traditional 24F chest drainage tube. METHODS: A retrospective data analysis was conducted in 169 patients who underwent placement of 8F ultrafine chest drainage tube or 24F chest drainage tube with thoracoscopic lobectomy for lung cancer from January 2018 to December 2019. Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to reduce bias between the experimental group and the control group. After PSM, 134 patients (67 per group) were enrolled. The drainage time, the total drainage volume, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative pain score and postoperative complication of both groups were analyzed and compared. RESULTS: Compared to group B, group A had lower pain scores on postoperative days 1, 2 and 3 (3.72 ± 0.65point vs 3.94 ± 0.67point, P = 0.027; 2.72 ± 0.93point vs 3.13 ± 1.04point, P = 0.016; and 1.87 ± 0.65point vs 2.39 ± 1.22point, P = 0.005), shorter drainage time (4.25 ± 1.79d vs 6.04 ± 1.96d, P = 0.000), fewer drainage volume (1100.42 ± 701.57 ml vs 1369.39 ± 624.25 ml, P = 0.021); and shorter postoperative hospital stay (8.46 ± 2.48d vs 9.37 ± 1.70d, P = 0.014). Postoperative complications such as subcutaneous emphysema, pulmonary infection, atelectasis, chest tube reinsertion and intrathoracic hemorrhage showed no differences between both groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Compared with 24F chest drainage tube, the application of an 8F ultrafine chest drainage tube after thoracoscopic lobectomy has significantly shortened the drainage time, reduced the total drainage volume, reduced the postoperative pain degree, shortened the hospital day, and effectively detected postoperative intrathoracic hemorrhage. So, it is considered as an effective, safe and reliable drainage method.

9.
Lab Invest ; 2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33875793

RESUMO

A diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is one of the most devastating complications of diabetes. It has been reported that lncRNA GAS5 plays a vital role in wound healing in DFUs. However, the specific mechanism remains unclear. In this research, we aimed to investigate the role of GAS5 in wound healing in DFUs as well as the underlying mechanism. qPCR or western blotting was performed to measure the expression levels of GAS5, HIF1A, VEGF and TAF15. CCK-8 or EdU assays, flow cytometry, wound healing assays and tube formation assays were carried out to assess the proliferation, apoptosis, wound healing and in vitro angiogenesis of HUVECs, respectively. RNA pull-down and RIP assays were performed to verify the interaction between GAS5 and TAF15. ChIP and luciferase assays were conducted to verify the binding of TAF15 to the HIF1A promoter. In the DFU mouse model, H&E and Masson staining were used to determine epidermal and dermal thickness and collagen formation. GAS5 and HIF1A were downregulated in the skin tissues of DFU patients, and GAS5 overexpression promoted cell proliferation, wound healing and tubule formation in HG-treated HUVECs. In addition, GAS5 facilitated HIF1A expression by interacting with TAF15. Rescue assays demonstrated that the suppression of HIF1A/VEGF pathway activation partially reversed the functional roles of GAS5 in HUVECs. Furthermore, GAS5 accelerated wound healing by activating the HIF1A/VEGF pathway in mice with DFUs. GAS5 activates the HIF1A/VEGF pathway by binding to TAF15, resulting in accelerated wound healing in DFUs. Our findings may provide a theoretical basis for the clinical treatment of DFUs.

10.
J Environ Manage ; 289: 112535, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33895580

RESUMO

In comparison with various restaurant cuisines, common cooking methods are more represented in residential cooking. Rather than the exhaust pipe or the ambient environment in the cooking room, the respiration zone better reflects the health risks for operators. In this study, the concentrations of total volatile organic compound (TVOC) released from six typical cooking methods were monitored online in the respiratory zone, and the VOCs were analysed by GC-MS. The results demonstrated that the intensities of exposure to TVOC for the different cooking methods decreased as follows: stir-frying (3.809 mg/m3) > quick-frying (2.724 mg/m3) > deep-frying (2.465 mg/m3) > boiling (1.161 mg/m3)≈stewing (1.149 mg/m3) > limit in China (0.600 mg/m3) > steaming (0.440 mg/m3). The intense ventilation mode of the ventilator reduced exposure to TVOC by 45-63% relative to the medium mode. Eleven types of VOCs (approximately 200 compounds) were found in Chinese residential cooking fumes, and the predominant contaminants were aldehydes, followed by alkanes, unsaturated aldehydes, alcohols and alkenes. The mass percentage of aromatic hydrocarbons in all VOCs emitted from Chinese residential cooking was only 1%, while the value was 17-48% for commercial restaurants. The results of a health risk assessment revealed that the total potential carcinogenic risk level for VOCs released by six residential cooking methods decreased as follows: deep-frying (5.75) > stir-frying (3.95) > quick-frying (2.94) > stewing (1.99) > boiling (1.73) > steaming (1.48). Chinese residential cooking, and especially deep frying, has potential health impacts for the operator.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , China , Culinária , Monitoramento Ambiental , Medição de Risco
11.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 46, 2021 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33757562

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intrathoracic esophagogastric anastomotic leak is one of the deadliest complications after esophagectomy. In recent years, we have implemented new method for the treatment of intrathoracic esophagogastric anastomotic leak with the nasogastric placement of sump drainage tube through fistula into abscess cavity. The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of the new method and conventional therapies for intrathoracic anastomotic leak after esophagectomy. METHOD: Esophagectomy and esophagogastric anastomotic procedures were performed in 875 patients at our institution from January 2008 to December 2019. Of these patients, 43(4.9%) patients developed intrathoracic anastomotic leaks postoperatively were enrolled into our study and their clinical data were retrospectively assessed. 20 (47%) patients from January 2008 to December 2012 received conventional treatments (group 1) known as the traditional "three-tube method", and 23 (53%) patients from January 2013 to December 2019 received new treatments (group 2), consisted of conventional therapies and the nasogastric placement of sump drainage tube through fistula into abscess cavity. RESULTS: The presence of intrathoracic anastomotic leak was proven by contrast esophagography in 43 patients (4.9%). Among them, The average duration of chest tube was 47 days in group 1 and 28 days in group 2. The average length of leak treatment was 52 days in group 1 and 35 days in group 2. The average length of postoperative hospital stay was 56 days in group 1 and 39 days in group 2, respectively. 7(35%) patients among 20 patients died from intrathoracic anastomotic leak in group 1; and 3(13%) patients among 23 patients died from intrathoracic anastomotic leak in group 2. Compared with the conventional treatments (group 1), The average duration of chest tube was significantly decreased in the new treatments (group 2) (P < 0.01), as well as the length of leak treatment (P < 0.05) and the length of postoperative hospital stay (P < 0.01). However, there was no significant difference in the mortality rate (P = 0.148 > 0.05). CONCLUSION: In conclusion, Our results showed this method of the nasogastric placement of sump drainage tube through fistula appears to be an safe, effective, technically feasible treatment option for intrathoracic esophagogastric anastomotic leak. The efficacy and feasibility could be further investigated with a well-designed and large-scale RCT research.


Assuntos
Fístula Anastomótica/terapia , Drenagem/métodos , Esofagectomia/efeitos adversos , Intubação Gastrointestinal/instrumentação , Idoso , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/tendências , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Front Immunol ; 12: 600598, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33717080

RESUMO

C-C chemokine receptor 6 (CCR6) is a susceptibility gene of various immune-related diseases, which was suggested to be shared with immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN). In this study, we aimed to identify the functional variants. First, we analyzed the associations of CCR6 common and rare variants detected by multi-platform chips with IgAN susceptibility using imputation and identified 68 significantly associated common variants located in the regulatory region. Among them, rs3093023 showed both statistical significance (rs3093023-A, odds ratio [OR] = 1.15, P = 2.00 × 10-2) and the expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) effect (P = 1.45 × 10-3). It was independently replicated (rs3093023-A, OR = 1.18, P = 5.56 × 10-3) and the association was reinforced in the meta-analysis (rs3093023-A, OR = 1.17, P = 6.14 × 10-7). Although rs3093023 was in a strong linkage disequilibrium with the reported CCR6 functional variant dinucleotide polymorphism, CCR6DNP, the alleles of rs3093023 (G>A) rather than of CCR6DNP were shown differential nuclear protein binding effect by electrophoretic mobility shift assay. The RegulomeDB and JASPAR databases predicted Pou2f1 as the potential transcription factor, which was negatively associated with CCR6 mRNA (r = -0.60, P = 3.94 × 10-9). At the mRNA level, the eQTL effect of CCR6 was validated (P = 4.39 × 10-2), and CCR6 was positively associated with the expression of CCR4 and IL-17A rather than that of CXCR3 and IFNG. At the protein level, a higher CCR6+ cell ratio was observed in a risk allele dose-dependent manner in lymphocytes (P = 3.57 × 10-2), CD3+ T cells (P = 4.54 × 10-2), and CD4+ T cells (P = 1.32 × 10-2), but not in CD8+ T cells. Clinical-pathological analysis showed that rs3093023 risk allele was significantly associated with diastolic blood pressure, serum creatinine, and high ratio of tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis. Overall, the rs3093023 was prioritized as the function variant in CCR6, which may contribute to IgAN susceptibility by regulating Th17 cells.

13.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0245494, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33556109

RESUMO

Winter turnip rape (Brassica rapa L.) is an important overwintering oil crop that is widely planted in northwestern China. It considered to be a good genetic resource for cold-tolerant research because its roots can survive harsh winter conditions. Here, we performed comparative transcriptomics analysis of the roots of two winter turnip rape varieties, Longyou7 (L7, strong cold tolerance) and Tianyou2 (T2, low cold tolerance), under normal condition (CK) and cold stress (CT) condition. A total of 8,366 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were detected between the two L7 root groups (L7CK_VS_L7CT), and 8,106 DEGs were detected for T2CK_VS_T2CT. Among the DEGs, two ω-3 fatty acid desaturase (FAD3), two delta-9 acyl-lipid desaturase 2 (ADS2), one diacylglycerol kinase (DGK), and one 3-ketoacyl-CoA synthase 2 (KCS2) were differentially expressed in the two varieties and identified to be related to fatty acid synthesis. Four glutamine synthetase cytosolic isozymes (GLN), serine acetyltransferase 1 (SAT1), and serine acetyltransferase 3 (SAT3) were down-regulated under cold stress, while S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase proenzyme 1 (AMD1) had an up-regulation tendency in response to cold stress in the two samples. Moreover, the delta-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthase (P5CS), δ-ornithine aminotransferase (δ-OAT), alanine-glyoxylate transaminase (AGXT), branched-chain-amino-acid transaminase (ilvE), alpha-aminoadipic semialdehyde synthase (AASS), Tyrosine aminotransferase (TAT) and arginine decarboxylase related to amino acid metabolism were identified in two cultivars variously expressed under cold stress. The above DEGs related to amino acid metabolism were suspected to the reason for amino acids content change. The RNA-seq data were validated by real-time quantitative RT-PCR of 19 randomly selected genes. The findings of our study provide the gene expression profile between two varieties of winter turnip rape, which lay the foundation for a deeper understanding of the highly complex regulatory mechanisms in plants during cold treatment.

14.
J Am Soc Nephrol ; 32(3): 545-552, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33593824

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Galactose-deficient IgA1 plays a key role in the pathogenesis of IgA nephropathy, the most common primary GN worldwide. Although serum levels of galactose-deficient IgA1 have a strong genetic component, the genetic link between this molecule and IgA nephropathy has not yet been clearly established. METHODS: To identify novel loci associated with galactose-deficient IgA1, we performed a quantitative genome-wide association study for serum galactose-deficient IgA1 levels, on the basis of two different genome-wide association study panels conducted in 1127 patients with IgA nephropathy. To test genetic associations with susceptibility to IgA nephropathy, we also enrolled 2352 patients with biopsy-diagnosed IgA nephropathy and 2632 healthy controls. Peripheral blood samples from 59 patients and 27 healthy controls were also collected for gene expression analysis. RESULTS: We discovered two loci, in C1GALT1 and GALNT12, that achieved genome-wide significance, explaining about 3.7% and 3.4% of variance in serum galactose-deficient IgA1 levels, respectively. We confirmed the previously reported association of C1GALT1 with serum galactose-deficient IgA1 levels, but with a different lead single-nucleotide polymorphism (rs10238682; ß=0.26, P=1.20×10-9); the locus we identified at GALNT12 (rs7856182; ß=0.73, P=2.38×10-9) was novel. Of more interest, we found that GALNT12 exhibits genetic interactions with C1GALT1 in both galactose-deficient IgA1 levels (P=1.40×10-2) and disease risk (P=6.55×10-3). GALNT12 mRNA expression in patients with IgA nephropathy was significantly lower compared with healthy controls. CONCLUSIONS: Our data identify GALNT12 as a novel gene associated with galactose-deficient IgA1 and suggest novel genetic interactions. These findings support a key role of genetically conferred dysregulation of galactose-deficient IgA1 in the development of IgA nephropathy.

15.
Plant Signal Behav ; 16(5): 1889251, 2021 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33632064

RESUMO

Heterotrimeric G-protein α and ß-subunits regulate H2O2-mediated aerenchyma formation. The rice G-protein γ-subunit, dense and erect panicle 1 (DEP1), is known to interact with the α-subunit and regulate nitrogen utilization and yield. However, it is unclear whether DEP1 regulates cell death for aerenchyma formation in rice roots. Using wild-type WYJ8 and its transgenic line WYJ8(DEP1), we confirmed that DEP1 is involved in H2O2-mediated aerenchyma formation. The rates of aerenchyma formation varied in different parts of the roots in both varieties, with the highest rate in the 4-7 cm segments, reaching a plateau in the 7-8 cm segments. Compared with WYJ8, the aerenchyma area and H2O2 content in WYJ8(DEP1) were increased by 55.98% and 53.37%, respectively; however, the responses of aerenchyma formation to exogenous H2O2 were basically the same in the two varieties. Diphenylene iodonium (DPI) treatment had no effect on H2O2 production and elimination processes in WYJ8, but significantly reduced the activity of the key enzyme that catalyzes H2O2 biosynthesis in WYJ8(DEP1). Importantly, exogenous H2O2 treatment did not offset the effect of the decrease in endogenous H2O2 level caused by DPI on aerenchyma formation. These results indicated that DEP1 enhanced H2O2 biosynthesis and promoted the cell death of the root cortex, thus contributing to aerenchyma development in WYJ8(DEP1).

16.
Sci Total Environ ; 776: 145864, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33639462

RESUMO

An experiment was performed to study the inactivation effect of aerobic composting on heavy metals in maggot, pig and chicken manures. After composting, Cu mainly occurred in the oxidizable (OXI) fraction with a percentage distribution above 54%. Zn and Cd mainly existed in the bioavailable factor (BF), which has strong activity, with percentage distributions greater than 88.3% and 82.7%, respectively. Cr and Pb mainly existed in the stable residual (RES) fraction with a percentage distribution of approximately 50%. The aerobic composting process had a clear inactivation effect on heavy metals. For maggot manure compost in particular, the inactivation effects of Cu, Cr, Zn, Cd, and Pb were very good throughout the composting process, and the inactivation effect of Pb reached 54.42%. In addition, the process of biotransformation by housefly maggots promoted the conversion of fulvic acid (FA) to humic acid (HA) in pig manure, and the final increase in HA/FA after maggot manure composting was the largest among the different types of manure and beneficial to the inactivation of heavy metals. Compounds containing -CH3 and -CH2 groups were reduced, and aromatic structures were enhanced. Moreover, a maggot yield equivalent to 13.2% of the fresh pig manure was achieved during the process of biotransformation. The correlation analysis results showed that moisture content was an important factor affecting the inactivation rates of heavy metals in the three manure composts. Our results highlight that the process of biotransformation by housefly maggots can promote composting maturity and the inactivation of heavy metals, and produce a large amount of insect protein, yielding beneficial ecological and economic benefits.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Solo , Animais , Biotransformação , Proteínas de Insetos , Esterco , Metais Pesados/análise , Suínos
17.
J Nephrol ; 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33591553

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) has been used as a supportive therapy for IgA nephropathy (IgAN). We aimed to determine the long-term efficacy and safety of HCQ therapy in patients with IgAN. METHODS: A total of 180 patients with IgAN who had received HCQ therapy for at least 1 year were enrolled in this study. The changes in proteinuria and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were analyzed during the follow-up period. RESULTS: The level of proteinuria decreased from 1.69 [1.24, 2.30] to 1.01 [0.59, 1.74] g/day (- 37.58 [- 57.52, 8.24] %, P < 0.001) at 12 months and to 1.00 [0.59, 1.60] g/day (- 55.30 [- 71.09, - 3.44] %, P < 0.001) at 24 months. There was no significant change in the eGFR of these patients at 12 months (65.82 ± 25.22 vs. 63.93 ± 25.96 ml/min/1.73 m2, P = 0.411); however, the eGFR decreased from 65.82 ± 25.22 to 62.15 ± 25.81 ml/min/1.73 m2 at 24 months (P = 0.003). The cumulative frequency of all patients with a 50% decrease in proteinuria was 72.78% at 12 months. Sixty (33.3%) patients changed to corticosteroid therapy during the follow-up period. No serious adverse effects were documented during HCQ treatment. CONCLUSIONS: HCQ effectively and safely reduces proteinuria in IgAN patients with different levels of eGFR, supporting the maintenance of stable kidney function in the long term.

18.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 159: 257-267, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33395583

RESUMO

Soil salinity severely limits agricultural crop production worldwide. As one of the biggest plant specific transcription factor families, AP2/ERF members have been extensively studied to regulate plant growth, development and stress responses. However, the role of AP2/ERF family in maize salt tolerance remains largely unknown. In this study, we identified a maize AP2-ERF family member ZmEREB20 as a positive salinity responsive gene. Overexpression of ZmEREB20in Arabidopsis enhanced ABA sensitivity and resulted in delayed seed germination under salt stress through regulating ABA and GA related genes. ZmEREB20 overexpression lines also showed higher survival rates with elevated ROS scavenging toward high salinity. Furthermore, root hair growth inhibition by salt stress was markedly rescued in ZmEREB20 overexpression lines. Auxin transport inhibitor TIBA drastically enhanced root hair growth in ZmEREB20 overexpression Arabidopsis under salt stress, together with the increased expression of auxin-related genes, ion transporter genes and root hair growth genes by RNA-seq analysis. ZmEREB20 positively regulated salt tolerance through the molecular mechanism associated with hormone signaling, ROS scavenging and root hair plasticity, proving the potential target for crop breeding to improve salt resistance.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Tolerância ao Sal , Zea mays , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo , Tolerância ao Sal/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Zea mays/genética , Zea mays/metabolismo
19.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 215: 112102, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33388605

RESUMO

Herein, we report on the design and development of functionalized acrylic polymeric nanoparticles with Spiropyrans (SPs) and imidazole moieties via superficial polymerizations. Then, Au3+ ions were immobilized and reduced on their surface to obtain photoresponsive gold-decorated polymer nanoparticles(Au-NPs). The synthesized Au-NPs were surface adapted with biotin as specific targeting tumor penetration cells and enhance the intercellular uptake through the endocytosis. FT-IR (Fourier-transform Infrared Spectroscopy), UV-Vis (Ultra Violet-Visible Spectrophotometer), EDS (Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy), SEM (Scanning Electron Microscope) and HR-TEM (High-resolution transmission electron microscopy) descriptions were engaged to illustrate their spectral analysis and morphological examinations of Bt@Au-NPs. Fluorescence microscopy images of cellular uptake descriptions and ICP-MS (Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry) investigation established the cell lines labeling ability and enhanced targetting efficacy of biotin-conjugated Au-NPs (Bt@Au-NPs) toward C6 glioma cells (brain cancer cells) with 72.5% cellular uptake relative to 30.2% for non-conjugated lone. These were further established through intracellular ROS examinations and in vitro cytotoxicity investigation on the C6 glioma cell line. The solid surface plasmon absorptions of the Au-NPs and Bt@Au-NPs providing raised photothermal therapy under UV irradiation. The synthesized multifunctional Bt@Au-NPs with an inclusive combination of potential resources presented encouraging nanoprobe with targeting capability, improved photodynamic and photothermal cancer therapy.

20.
Clin J Am Soc Nephrol ; 16(2): 213-224, 2021 02 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33462083

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: IgA nephropathy is the most common form of primary GN worldwide. The evidence of geographic and ethnic differences, as well as familial aggregation of the disease, supports a strong genetic contribution to IgA nephropathy. Evidence for genetic factors in IgA nephropathy comes also from genome-wide association patient-control studies. However, few studies have systematically evaluated the contribution of coding variation in IgA nephropathy. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We performed a two-stage exome chip-based association study in 13,242 samples, including 3363 patients with IgA nephropathy and 9879 healthy controls of Han Chinese ancestry. Common variant functional annotation, gene-based low-frequency variants analysis, differential mRNA expression, and gene network integration were also explored. RESULTS: We identified three non-HLA gene regions (FBXL21, CCR6, and STAT3) and one HLA gene region (GABBR1) with suggestive significance (P meta <5×10-5) in single-variant associations. These novel non-HLA variants were annotated as expression-associated single-nucleotide polymorphisms and were located in enhancer regions enriched in histone marks H3K4me1 in primary B cells. Gene-based low-frequency variants analysis suggests CFB as another potential susceptibility gene. Further combined expression and network integration suggested that the five novel susceptibility genes, TGFBI, CCR6, STAT3, GABBR1, and CFB, were involved in IgA nephropathy. CONCLUSIONS: Five novel gene regions with suggestive significance for IgA nephropathy were identified and shed new light for further mechanism investigation.

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