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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 301: 115800, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36228890

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Lagotis integra W. W. Smith (L. integra W. W. Smith) is an important origin plant of the famous Tibetan medicine HERBA LAGOTIS. It was documented to treat "Chi Ba" disease clinically, the symptoms of which are similar to ulcerative colitis (UC). AIMS OF THIS STUDY: To screen out the active components and study the mechanisms of L. integra W. W. Smith treating UC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The components of L. integra W. W. Smith were comprehensively analyzed using UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS method. The mechanisms were investigated using network pharmacology method including target prediction, protein-protein interaction network analysis and gene enrichment analysis. Then, the mechanisms were verified using Dextran Sulfate Sodium (DSS)-induced UC model. Finally, the core active components were further screened out through molecular docking. RESULTS: The results showed that 32 major components were identified including 8 flavonoids, 9 phenylpropanoid glycosides, 13 iridoid glycosides and 1 phenolic acid. 76 potential core therapeutic targets and top 5 key targets, which were AKT serine/threonine kinase 1 (AKT1), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGFA), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and caspase-3 (CASP3), were screened out according to network pharmacology analysis. Animal experiments confirmed that those compounds could downregulate the expression levels of the 5 key target proteins in colonic tissue of mice to exert excellent anti-UC effect. Molecular docking results showed that the main active components were echinacoside, hemiphroside B, plantamajoside, plantainoside D, 10-O-trans-isoferuloyl catalpol and scutellarioside II. CONCLUSIONS: For the first time, our study provides insights into the effective materials and molecular mechanisms of L. integra W. W. Smith treating UC, which contributes to the understanding of its pharmacodynamics.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Plantas Medicinais , Camundongos , Animais , Colite Ulcerativa/induzido quimicamente , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Medicina Tradicional Tibetana , Medicina Herbária , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Farmacologia em Rede , Tibet
2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 630(Pt A): 909-920, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36306602

RESUMO

To prolong the service life of flexible electronic materials, polymeric matrixes with excellent self-healing capability and integrated mechanical properties are highly desirable, but the balance between the self-healing capability and mechanical properties is a grand challenge. Here, polyrotaxanes as sliding crosslinkers and dynamic disulfide bonds are incorporated into the main chains of polyurethane (PU) via one-pot synthesis, which endows the PU with polydisperse hard/soft segments, high density of self-healing points and energy dissipation. Based on this judicious molecular design, the PU elastomers exhibit exceptional mechanical properties, such as high stretchability (1167 % with a tensile strength of 3.49 MPa), high fracture energy (20,775 J m-2) and high puncture energy (200.70 mJ). Moreover, due to the presence of dynamic reversible hydrogen and disulfide bonds, the elastomer could achieve stress and strain repair efficiencies of 93.98 % and 99.21 % at 100 ℃ within 1 h, respectively. The above-mentioned superiorities enable the bioinspired strain sensors to possess a large sensing range (∼596 %), high sensitivity (∼79.98), short response time (∼128 ms), along with excellent reliability and self-healing ability. Besides, the strain sensor exhibits remarkable recyclability and prominent reprocessability, which nicely solves the pollution by discarded electronics.


Assuntos
Poliuretanos , Rotaxanos , Poliuretanos/química , Biomimética , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Elastômeros/química , Dissulfetos
3.
J Nutr Biochem ; 111: 109157, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36150682

RESUMO

Gata4 is a member of the zinc finger GATA transcription factor family and is required for liver development during the embryonic stage. Gata4 expression is repressed during NAFLD progression, however how it functions in this situation remains unclear. Here, Gata4 was deleted specifically in hepatocytes via Cre recombinase driven by the Alb promoter region. Under a high-fat diet (HFD) or methionine and choline deficient diet (MCD), Gata4 knockout (KO) male, but not female, mice displayed more severe NAFLD or NASH, evidenced by increased steatosis, fibrosis, as well as a higher NAS score and serum ALT level. The Gata4KO male liver exposed to a HFD or MCD had a reduced ratio of pACC/ACC, similar to the Gata4KO hepatocytes treated with palmitic acid. More cell apoptosis, which is associated with activated JNK signaling and inhibited NFκB signaling, was observed in the Gata4KO male liver and isolated hepatocytes. However, the inflammatory status in the Gata4KO male liver was similar to the control liver. Importantly, lower activation of AKT signaling in the liver, which is consistent with de-sensitized insulin signaling in isolated hepatocytes, was found in the Gata4KO male. In summary, our data demonstrated that loss of Gata4 in hepatocytes promoted NAFLD progression in male mice.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Masculino , Camundongos , Animais , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/etiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Insulina/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Apoptose , Metionina/metabolismo , Colina/farmacologia , Camundongos Knockout , Fator de Transcrição GATA4/genética , Fator de Transcrição GATA4/metabolismo
4.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 286: 121952, 2023 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36228487

RESUMO

One novel cadmium(II)-coordination polymer [Cd3L2(datrz)(H2O)3] (CP 1) is controllably synthesized by surmising the astute combination of semi-rigid tricarboxylate acid 4-(2',3'-dicarboxylphenoxy) benzoic acid (H3L) and auxiliary ligand 3,5-diamino-1,2,4-triazole (datrz). Structure analysis shows that CP 1 has a two-dimensional (2D) layer structure with a 5-nodal (43) (44·62) (45·64·8) (45·6) (47·66·82) topology. Further investigations reveal that CP 1 shows superordinary water stability and good thermal stability. The fluorescent explorations suggest that the as-synthesized CP 1 could emit blue light centered at 485 nm, attributing to ligand-based emission. In terms of sensing investigations, CP 1 could act as a fluorescent sensor for detecting hypochlorite (ClO-) and acetylacetone (acac) through fluorescence turn-off process in aqueous solution, and the detection limit could reach 0.18 µM and 0.056 µM, respectively. Further research reveals that it is more likely the N-H···O-Cl hydrogen bonds between -NH2 groups of the triazole ligands and O atoms of ClO- plays the key role in the system, which may serve as a bridge for the energy transfer, leading to fluorescence quenching of the chemosensor. While the photoinduced electron transfer (PET) combined with inner filter effect (IFT) should be responsible for the turn-off fluorescence of CP 1 triggered by acac.


Assuntos
Ácido Hipocloroso , Água , Água/química , Cádmio/análise , Ligantes
5.
Microbiome ; 10(1): 191, 2022 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36333709

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dioecious plants have coevolved with diverse plant microbiomes, which are crucial for the fitness and productivity of their host. Sexual dimorphism in morphology, physiology, or gene expression may relate to different microbial compositions that affect male and female fitness in different environments. However, sex-specific impacts on ecological processes that control the microbiome assembly are not well known. In this study, Populus cathayana males and females were planted in different nitrogen conditions. It was hypothesized that males and females differently affect bacterial and fungal communities in the rhizosphere soil, roots, old leaves, and young leaves. Physiological traits and transcriptome profiles of male and female plants were investigated to reveal potential mechanisms that control the microbiome assembly. RESULTS: Our results showed strong niche differentiation that shapes microbial communities leading to a rapid loss of diversity along a decreasing pH gradient from the rhizosphere soil to leaves. Sex had different impacts on the microbial assembly in each niche. Especially fungal endophytes showed great differences in the community structure, keystone species, and community complexity between P. cathayana males and females. For example, the fungal co-occurrence network was more complex and the alpha diversity was significantly higher in young female leaves compared to young male leaves. Transcriptome profiles revealed substantial differences in plant-pathogen interactions and physiological traits that clearly demonstrated divergent internal environments for endophytes inhabiting males and females. Starch and pH of young leaves significantly affected the abundance of Proteobacteria, while tannin and pH of roots showed significant effects on the abundance of Chloroflexi, Actinobacteria, and Proteobacteria, and on the bacterial Shannon diversity. CONCLUSION: Our results provided important knowledge for understanding sexual dimorphism that affects microbial assemblies, thus advancing our understanding of plant-microbiome interactions. Video Abstract.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Populus , Populus/microbiologia , Solo/química , Árvores , Microbiologia do Solo , Rizosfera , Microbiota/genética , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/metabolismo , Plantas/metabolismo , Nitrogênio/metabolismo
6.
IUCrdata ; 7(Pt 1): x220046, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36337093

RESUMO

In the title compound, [Cu(C9H6N3O2)2(C2H7N)2], the Cu2+ cation is situated on an inversion center and is coordinated by the N atoms of two di-methyl-amine ligands and the carboxyl-ate O atoms of two 4-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)benzoate anions, leading to a slightly distorted square-planar N2O2 coordination environment. In the crystal, inter-molecular N-H⋯N hydrogen bonds between the amine function and the central N atom of the triazole ring lead to the formation of ribbons parallel to [11]. Weak inter-molecular C-H⋯O hydrogen-bonding inter-actions are also observed that consolidate the crystal packing.

7.
Nanoscale Adv ; 4(21): 4597-4605, 2022 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36341295

RESUMO

Nowadays the formation mechanism of anodic TiO2 nanotubes has attracted extensive attention. Field-assisted dissolution (TiO2 + 6F- + 4H+ → [TiF6]2- + 2H2O) has been considered as the causal link to the formation and growth of nanotubes. But it is hard for this theory to explain three stages of the current-time curve. Here, the anodization of titanium was studied by adding different concentrations of H3PO4 (0%, 4 wt%, 6 wt%, 8 wt%, and 10 wt%) in ethylene glycol containing the same concentration of NH4F (0.5 wt%). The results prove that under the action of the same concentration of NH4F, the growth rate of nanotubes decreases obviously with the increase of H3PO4 concentration, and the second stage of the current-time curve is also prolonged simultaneously. These experimental facts cannot be interpreted by field-assisted dissolution theory and the viscous flow model. Here, an anion layer formed by H3PO4 and the electronic current theory are ably used to explain these facts reasonably for the first time.

8.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-21, 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36345974

RESUMO

Zymomonas mobilis is a gram-negative facultative anaerobic spore, which is generally recognized as a safe. As a promising ethanologenic organism for large-scale bio-ethanol production, Z. mobilis has also shown a good application prospect in food processing and food additive synthesis for its unique physiological characteristics and excellent industrial characteristics. It not only has obvious advantages in food processing and becomes the biorefinery chassis cell for food additives, but also has a certain healthcare effect on human health. Until to now, most of the research is still in theory and laboratory scale, and further research is also needed to achieve industrial production. This review summarized the physiological characteristics and advantages of Z. mobilis in food industry for the first time and further expounds its research status in food industry from three aspects of food additive synthesis, fermentation applications, and prebiotic efficacy, it will provide a theoretical basis for its development and applications in food industry. This review also discussed the shortcomings of its practical applications in the current food industry, and explored other ways to broaden the applications of Z. mobilis in the food industry, to promote its applications in food processing.


Potential applications of Zymomonas mobilis in food industry summarized for the first time.Research status of Z. mobilis in food additive synthesis, fermentation applications, and probiotics are discussed in details.Future research perspectives of Z. mobilis in food industry further proposed.

9.
J Interpers Violence ; : 8862605221130391, 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36346164

RESUMO

The goals of this study were to assess the prevalence of victimization among people who are transitioning from prison to the community, and to examine the nexus of violent victimization during reentry, mental health, and weekly work hours. The participants (n = 724; average age = 29.09 years) were interviewed before release, and in the 3rd, 9th, and 15th months into reentry. Longitudinal data about their mental health, work hours, family environment, and victimization were collected. We drew on Agnew's general strain theory and employed multilevel longitudinal modeling to examine how victimization affected respondents' work hours via mental health. Findings revealed that greater exposure to violent victimization deteriorated mental health among respondents. Furthermore, an indirect effect between victimization and reduced work capacity operating through poor mental health was observed at the between-person level. These results underscored the alarmingly high prevalence of victimization among reentering individuals and that maintaining stable employment, a critical step of reintegration after imprisonment, is difficult for reentering individuals when they become a victim of violence and suffer mental health deterioration. Implications for addressing victimization among people transitioning out of prison are discussed.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36350527

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Thirty-percent supramolecular salicylic acid (SSA), a modified salicylic acid preparation, is a safe and effective treatment for moderate-to-severe acne vulgaris (AV). However, its mechanism of action remains unclear. We aimed to analyze the role of 30% SSA peels on skin microbiota and inflammation in patients with moderate-to-severe AV. METHODS: A total of 28 patients were enrolled and received 30% SSA peels biweekly for 2 months. The Global Acne Grading System (GAGS) score, skin water content, transepidermal water loss (TEWL), pH, and sebum levels were assessed. Skin microbial samples and perilesional skin biopsies were obtained at the onset and 2 weeks after treatment completion. Samples were characterized using a high-throughput sequencing approach targeting a portion of the bacterial 16S ribosomal RNA gene. RESULTS: After treatment, patients showed a significant improvement in their GAGS score and skin barrier indicators (P < 0.05). The GAGS score was positively associated with both the sebum concentration (R = 0.3, P = 0.027) and pH (R = 0.39, P = 0.003). Increased expression of caveolin-1 and decreased expression of interleukin (IL)-1a, IL-6, IL-17, transforming growth factor beta, and toll-like receptor 2 were observed in the skin tissue after treatment. The richness and evenness of the cutaneous microbiome decreased after treatment and the Staphylococcus proportion decreased significantly (P < 0.05), whereas the Propionibacterium proportion tended to decrease (P = 0.066). CONCLUSIONS: On the basis of analyses of the skin barrier and microbiota, we speculate that the 30% SSA peel may have a therapeutic effect in patients with moderate-to-severe AV by improving the skin microenvironment and modulating the skin microbiome, thus reducing local inflammation.

11.
Front Neurol ; 13: 928389, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36388179

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to explore the neurological effects of dexmedetomidine-induced sedation on memory using functional stability, a whole-brain voxel-wise dynamic functional connectivity approach. Methods: A total of 16 participants (10 men) underwent auditory memory task-related fMRI in the awake state and under dexmedetomidine sedation. Explicit and implicit memory tests were conducted 4 h after ceasing dexmedetomidine administration. One-sample Wilcoxon signed rank test was applied to determine the formation of explicit and implicit memory in the two states. Functional stability was calculated and compared voxel-wise between the awake and sedated states. The association between functional stability and memory performance was also assessed. Results: In the awake baseline tests, explicit and implicit memory scores were significantly different from zero (p < 0.05). In the tests under sedation, explicit and implicit memory scores were not significantly different from zero. Compared to that at wakeful baseline, functional stability during light sedation was reduced in the medial prefrontal cortex, left angular gyrus, and right hippocampus (all clusters, p < 0.05, GRF-corrected), whereas the left superior temporal gyrus exhibited higher functional stability (cluster p < 0.05, GRF-corrected). No significant associations were observed between functional stability and memory test scores. Conclusions: The distribution and patterns of alterations in functional stability during sedation illustrate the modulation of functional architecture by dexmedetomidine from a dynamic perspective. Our findings provide novel insight into the dynamic brain functional networks underlying consciousness and memory in humans.

12.
Iran J Public Health ; 51(10): 2231-2243, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36415794

RESUMO

Background: The RAD51 recombinase is involved in homologous recombination and DNA repair. However, the association of RAD51 with the prognosis of adenocarcinoma at the gastroesophageal junction (ACGEJ) is not clear. We aimed to investigate the association of RAD51 with ACGEJ prognosis. Methods: The difference in the expression level of RAD51 between ACGEJ tumors and control tissues in the microarray datasets (GSE159721, GSE74553, and GSE96669) were compared. The online Kaplan-Meier plotter survival analysis and meta-analysis were used to analyze the association of RAD51 with overall survival in pan-cancers. MiRNAs targeting RAD51 were identified and their expression profiles in ACGEJ tumors were analyzed. Functional enrichment analysis was performed for miRNAs of RAD51. Results: RAD51 was upregulated in ACGEJ tumors compared with control tissues (P < 0.05). High RAD51 level was correlated with a poor prognosis in stomach adenocarcinoma and esophageal cancer. The meta-analysis showed that high RAD51 level was correlated with a poor prognosis in TCGA pan-cancers (P = 0.03). Six regulatory miRNAs of RAD51, including hsa-miR-182, hsa-miR-221, and hsa-miR-34a, were downregulated in ACGEJ tumor tissues and were associated with pathways including "fatty acid biosynthesis" and "viral carcinogenesis". Conclusion: RAD51 is a potent prognostic biomarker in ACGEJ. MiRNAs including hsa-miR-182, hsa-miR-221, and hsa-miR-34a might play crucial roles in ACGEJ by regulating the RAD51 gene.

13.
Sci Adv ; 8(47): eadd6025, 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36417541

RESUMO

The Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) is a prominent mode of ocean-atmosphere interannual variability with great climate and socioeconomic impacts. Early positive IOD (pIOD), a newly discovered type of pIOD, induces pronounced rainfall anomalies in boreal summer more than canonical pIOD. It also contributes to more frequent consecutive pIODs, causing devastating droughts and floods. How early pIOD responds to global warming remains unknown. Here, we show that early pIOD has increased substantially in the past decades, reaching the same frequency as canonical pIOD. The increase is caused by intensified Bjerknes feedback and an early summer monsoon onset, which is the major trigger for early pIOD. Model simulations suggest that the increased frequency of early pIOD is likely to continue under greenhouse warming by the same mechanisms as in the observations, increasing boreal summer climate variability and leading to more climate extremes in affected regions.

15.
Neurosci Bull ; 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36422797

RESUMO

Cortical interneurons can be categorized into distinct populations based on multiple modalities, including molecular signatures and morpho-electrical (M/E) properties. Recently, many transcriptomic signatures based on single-cell RNA-seq have been identified in cortical interneurons. However, whether different interneuron populations defined by transcriptomic signature expressions correspond to distinct M/E subtypes is still unknown. Here, we applied the Patch-PCR approach to simultaneously obtain the M/E properties and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of >600 interneurons in layer V of the mouse somatosensory cortex (S1). Subsequently, we identified 11 M/E subtypes, 9 neurochemical cell populations (NCs), and 20 transcriptomic cell populations (TCs) in this cortical lamina. Further analysis revealed that cells in many NCs and TCs comprised several M/E types and were difficult to clearly distinguish morpho-electrically. A similar analysis of layer V interneurons of mouse primary visual cortex (V1) and motor cortex (M1) gave results largely comparable to S1. Comparison between S1, V1, and M1 suggested that, compared to V1, S1 interneurons were morpho-electrically more similar to M1. Our study reveals the presence of substantial M/E variations in cortical interneuron populations defined by molecular expression.

16.
Front Immunol ; 13: 947802, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36405735

RESUMO

Background: Increasing evidence suggests that the number of examined lymph nodes (ELNs) is strongly linked to the survivorship of gastric cancer (GC). The goal of this study was to assess the prognostic implications of the ELNs number and to construct an ELNs-based risk signature and nomogram model to predict overall survival (OS) characteristics in GC patients. Methods: This inception cohort study included 19,317 GC patients from the U.S. Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database, who were separated into a training group and an internal validation group. The nomogram was built with the training set, then internally verified with SEER data, and externally validated with two different data sets. Based on the RNA-seq data, ELNs-related DERNAs (DElncRNAs, DEmiRNAs, andDEmRNAs) and immune cells were identified. The LASSO-Cox regression analysis was utilized to construct ELNs-related DERNAs and immune cell prognostic signature in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) cohort. The OS of subgroups with high- and low-ELN signature was compared using the Kaplan-Meier (K-M) analysis. A nomogram was successfully constructed based on the ELNs signature and other clinical characteristics. The concordance index (C-index), calibration plot, receiver operating characteristic curve, and decision curve analysis (DCA) were all used to evaluate the nomogram model. The meta-analysis, the Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis database, and reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) were utilized to validate the RNA expression or abundance of prognostic genes and immune cells between GC tissues and normal gastric tissues, respectively. Finally, we analyzed the correlations between immune checkpoints, chemotherapy drug sensitivity, and risk score. Results: The multivariate analysis revealed that the high ELNs improved OS compared with low ELNs (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.659, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.626-0.694, p < 0.0001). Using the training set, a nomogram incorporating ELNs was built and proven to have good calibration and discrimination (C-index [95% CI], 0.714 [0.710-0.718]), which was validated in the internal validation set (C-index [95% CI], 0.720 [0.714-0.726]), the TCGA set (C-index [95% CI], 0.693 [0.662-0.724]), and the Chinese set (C-index [95% CI], 0.750 [0.720-0.782]). An ELNs-related signature model based on ELNs group, regulatory T cells (Tregs), neutrophils, CDKN2B-AS1, H19, HOTTIP, LINC00643, MIR663AHG, TMEM236, ZNF705A, and hsa-miR-135a-5p was constructed by the LASSO-Cox regression analysis. The result showed that OS was remarkably lower in patients with high-ELNs signature compared with those with low-ELN signature (HR = 2.418, 95% CI: 1.804-3.241, p < 0.001). This signature performed well in predicting 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival (AUC [95% CI] = 0.688 [0.612-0.763], 0.744 [0.659-0.830], and 0.778 [0.647-0.909], respectively). The multivariate Cox analysis illustrated that the risk score was an independent predictor of survival for patients with GC. Moreover, the expression of prognostic genes (LINC00643, TMEM236, and hsa-miR-135a-5p) displayed differences between GC tissues and adjacent non-tumor tissues. The C-index of the nomogram that can be used to predict the OS of GC patients was 0.710 (95% CI: 0.663-0.753). Both the calibration plots and DCA showed that the nomogram has good predictive performance. Moreover, the signature was significantly correlated with the N stage and T stage. According to our analysis, GC patients in the low-ELN signature group may have a better immunotherapy response and OS outcome. Conclusions: We explored the prognostic role of ELNs in GC and successfully constructed an ELNs signature linked to the GC prognosis in TCGA. The findings manifested that the signature is a powerful predictive indicator for patients with GC. The signature might contain potential biomarkers for treatment response prediction for GC patients. Additionally, we identified a novel and robust nomogram combining the characteristics of ELNs and clinical factors for predicting 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS in GC patients, which will facilitate personalized survival prediction and aid clinical decision-making in GC patients.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Nomogramas , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia , Estudos de Coortes , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Linfonodos/patologia
17.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 12(11)2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36354462

RESUMO

Electrochemical biosensors generally require the immobilization of recognition elements or capture probes on the electrode surface. This may limit their practical applications due to the complex operation procedure and low repeatability and stability. Magnetically assisted biosensors show remarkable advantages in separation and pre-concentration of targets from complex biological samples. More importantly, magnetically assisted sensing systems show high throughput since the magnetic materials can be produced and preserved on a large scale. In this work, we summarized the design of electrochemical biosensors involving magnetic materials as the platforms for recognition reaction and target conversion. The recognition reactions usually include antigen-antibody, DNA hybridization, and aptamer-target interactions. By conjugating an electroactive probe to biomolecules attached to magnetic materials, the complexes can be accumulated near to an electrode surface with the aid of external magnet field, producing an easily measurable redox current. The redox current can be further enhanced by enzymes, nanomaterials, DNA assemblies, and thermal-cycle or isothermal amplification. In magnetically assisted assays, the magnetic substrates are removed by a magnet after the target conversion, and the signal can be monitored through stimuli-response release of signal reporters, enzymatic production of electroactive species, or target-induced generation of messenger DNA.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , DNA/química , Limite de Detecção
18.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 22(1): 302, 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36401257

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neuroinflammation-mediated microglia polarization is a major process in various central nervous system (CNS) diseases. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress contributes to the inflammatory signals as well as to microglia polarization in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced neuroinflammation. Ascorbic acid 6-palmitate (L-AP) has been broadly used as a dietary antioxidant in foods and demonstrated a strong inhibitory effect on 5-LOX; however, the specific anti-inflammation mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the effects and possible mechanisms of L-AP on LPS-induced neuroinflammation in BV-2 cells. METHODS: Immortalized murine microglia cell line BV-2 cells were employed to assess the effect of L-AP to modulate microglia M1/M2 polarization in vivo, and the molecular mechanism was evaluated by qRT-PCR and Western blotting analysis. Molecular docking was used to predict the binding activity of L-AP with protein kinase R-like ER kinase (PERK). RESULTS: L-AP at 62.5 µM significantly modulated LPS-induced microglia M1/M2 polarization (increases of interleukin (IL)-10 and arginase-1 (Arg-1) transcriptions) independent of cell growth. Besides, L-AP at 62.5 µM significantly down-regulated glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) and CCAAT/enhancer-binding homologous protein (CHOP) mRNA levels. Similar data were shown in the tunicamycin (TM) induced ER stress cells model. Moreover, the protective effect of L-AP on TM-induced microglia M1/M2 polarization was similar to that of 4-phenyl butyric acid (4-PBA), the ER stress inhibitor. Molecular docking results indicated L-AP might directly bind with PERK, with a binding affinity of -7.7 kcal/mol. A further study unveiled that L-AP notably inhibited LPS-induced PERK/ eukaryotic initiation factor 2α (elf2α) activation. CONCLUSION: Together, this study revealed that L-AP possessed its effect on the reconstruction of microglia M1/M2 polarization balance in LPS-stimulated BV-2 cells via modulating PERK/elF2α mediated ER stress.


Assuntos
Lipopolissacarídeos , Microglia , Camundongos , Animais , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Ácido Ascórbico/metabolismo , Ácido Ascórbico/farmacologia , Palmitatos/metabolismo , Palmitatos/farmacologia
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36357331

RESUMO

The copper-catalyzed enantioconvergent radical C(sp3)-C(sp2) cross-coupling of tertiary α-bromo-ß-lactams with organoboronate esters could provide the synthetically valuable α-quaternary ß-lactams. The challenge arises mainly from the construction of sterically congested quaternary stereocenters between the tertiary alkyl radicals and chiral copper(II) species. Herein, we describe our success in achieving such transformations through the utilization of a copper/hemilabile N,N,N-ligand catalyst to forge the sterically congested chiral C(sp3)-C(sp2) bond via a single-electron reduction/transmetalation/bond formation catalytic cycle. The synthetic potential of this approach is shown in the straightforward conversion of the corresponding products into many valuable building blocks. We hope that the developed catalytic cycle would open up new vistas for more enantioconvergent cross-coupling reactions.

20.
Opt Express ; 30(23): 41671-41684, 2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36366638

RESUMO

We propose a 3D measurement method based on 2D grating dual-channel and Littrow equal-optical path incidence to detect the 3D displacement of a 2D grating in the X-, Y-, and Z-directions. The 2D grating is combined with the Littrow incidence method and a turning element to cause the Littrow diffracted light with frequency f1 to interfere with the reference light at frequency f2, and the displacement data in the X-, Y-, and Z-directions are obtained using the separation-dual-channel phase decoupling algorithm. A corresponding test experimental platform is constructed, and linear error evaluation and step error evaluation experiments are performed to determine the displacements in the X-, Y-, and Z-directions. The results obtained show that all linearity errors are within ±60 nm in the 10 mm measurement ranges in the X-, Y-, and Z-directions, and the test resolution is within ±5 nm. The proposed method can thus realize nanoscale synchronous measurement of X-, Y-, and Z-direction 3D displacements.

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