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1.
Small ; 17(40): e2102470, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480417

RESUMO

Tumor cells adapt to excessive oxidative stress by actuating reactive oxygen species (ROS)-defensing system, leading to a resistance to oxidation therapy. In this work, self-delivery photodynamic synergists (designated as PhotoSyn) are developed for oxidative damage amplified tumor therapy. Specifically, PhotoSyn are fabricated by the self-assembly of chlorine e6 (Ce6) and TH588 through π-π stacking and hydrophobic interactions. Without additional carriers, nanoscale PhotoSyn possess an extremely high drug loading rate (up to 100%) and they are found to be fairly stable in aqueous phase with a uniform size distribution. Intravenously injected PhotoSyn prefer to accumulate at tumor sites for effective cellular uptake. More importantly, TH588-mediated MTH1 inhibition could destroy the ROS-defensing system of tumor cells by preventing the elimination of 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine triphosphate (8-oxo-dG), thereby exacerbating the oxidative DNA damage induced by the photodynamic therapy (PDT) of Ce6 under light irradiation. As a consequence, PhotoSyn exhibit enhanced photo toxicity and a significant antitumor effect. This amplified oxidative damage strategy improves the PDT efficiency with a reduced side effect by increasing the lethality of ROS without generating superabundant ROS, which would provide a new insight for developing self-delivery nanoplatforms in photodynamic tumor therapy in clinic.

2.
Biomaterials ; 273: 120854, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33932703

RESUMO

The development of photodynamic therapy (PDT) is severely limited by short half-life of singlet oxygen (1O2) and the hypoxic microenvironment. In this work, a plasma membrane targeted photodynamic O2 economizer (designated as P-POE) is developed to improve the subcellular delivery of photosensitizers and alleviate the tumor hypoxia for enhanced PDT effect. After self-assembly into nanomicelles, P-POE has a relatively high stability and a favorable photochemical performance, which are conducive to boosting the 1O2 production. Besides, the plasma membrane anchoring of P-POE contributes to enhancing the preferential retention and cellular accumulation of photosensitizers on tumor tissues and cells. More importantly, P-POE-induced mitochondrial respiratory depression is demonstrated to reduce the O2 consumption of tumor cells to relieve the hypoxia. Consequently, P-POE still exhibits a robust PDT effect against hypoxic tumors, which greatly inhibits the proliferation of breast cancer with low adverse reactions. This innovative combination of subcellular targeting and hypoxic alleviation would advance the development of individualized drug delivery systems for photodynamic therapy against hypoxic tumors.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Fotoquimioterapia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Membrana Celular , Humanos , Hipóxia/tratamento farmacológico , Oxigênio , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico
3.
Biomater Sci ; 9(9): 3445-3452, 2021 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33949456

RESUMO

Multidrug resistance (MDR) is one of the prime reasons for the failure of cancer chemotherapy, which continues to be a great challenge to be solved. In this work, α-tocopherol succinate (α-TOS) and doxorubicin (DOX)-based self-delivery nanomedicine (designated as α-TD) is prepared to combat drug resistance for cancer synergistic chemotherapy. Carrier-free α-TD possesses a fairly high drug loading rate and improves the cellular uptake via the endocytosis pathway. More importantly, the apoptotic inducer α-TOS could elevate the reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, disrupt mitochondrial function and reduce adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) production, which facilitate the intracellular drug retention while decreasing its efflux. As a result, α-TD achieves a considerable synergistic chemotherapeutic effect against drug resistant cancer cells. Moreover, it also exhibits a preferable inhibitory effect on tumor growth with a low system toxicity in vivo. This synergistic drug self-delivery strategy would open a new window for developing carrier-free nanomedicine for overcoming drug resistance in cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Nanopartículas , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Portadores de Fármacos/farmacologia , Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Nanomedicina
4.
Acta Biomater ; 117: 349-360, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010514

RESUMO

Development of antitumor agents with high efficiency and low toxicity is one of the most important goals for biomedical research. However, most traditional therapeutic strategies were limited due to their non-specificity and abnormal tumor microenvironments, causing a poor therapeutic efficiency and severe side effects. In this paper, a tumor targeted self-synergistic nanoplatform (designated as PAO@PCN@HA) was developed for chemotherapy sensitized photodynamic therapy (PDT) against hypoxic tumors. The efficient drug loading of phenylarsine oxide (PAO) in porphyrinic metal organic framework of PCN-224 as well as the surface modification of hyaluronic acid (HA) improved the targeted drug delivery and reduced the side effects of PAO at the therapeutic dose. Particularly, PAO as an arsenical-based chemotherapeutic agent could not only induce cell apoptosis by generating reactive oxygen species (ROS), but also regulate tumor microenvironments to improve the PDT effect of PCN-224 by mitigating hypoxia and consuming cellular GSH. Both in vitro and in vivo investigations confirmed an effective self-synergy of PAO@PCN@HA in hypoxic tumor therapy with a low systemic toxicity. This integration of microenvironment adjustment with tumor targeted self-synergistic mechanism might provide a new insight for the development of arsenic-based antitumor strategy for clinical applications.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Arsênio , Neoplasias , Fotoquimioterapia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Arsênio/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Microambiente Tumoral
5.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 15(1): 116, 2020 05 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32429967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome involving multisystem. Optic disc edema (ODE) is the most common ocular manifestation in patients with POEMS syndrome and serves as an independent prognostic factor. However, parameters previously used to estimate its severity were inconvenient and costly. This study was designed to bring forward a novel and practical parameter, optic disc edema area, to evaluate ODE in patients with this disease and applied it to assess effectiveness of lenalidomide combined with dexamethasone in respect of ODE. RESULTS: Forty-one treatment-naive patients with POEMS syndrome were enrolled in this single-center prospective study and treated with lenalidomide combined with dexamethasone. They received ocular examination to determine optic disc edema (ODE) area and other optic manifestations. Meanwhile, serum VEGF was measured before and after treatment. Among 41 enrolled patients, 38 received complete ocular examinations, and 25 of which had ODE at initial visit. Binocular mean ODE area of patients with ODE was significantly related to ODE grade (r = 0.620, p = 0.003) and peripapillary retinal thickness (r = 0.760, p < 0.001) before treatment. Serum VEGF was significantly higher in patients with ODE than their counterparts (p = 0.025) and positively correlated with binocular mean ODE area (r = 0.460, p = 0.036). After treatment, ODE area, along with serum VEGF, decreased markedly (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: ODE area was a reliable index to evaluate ODE severity and could precisely reflect ODE improvement through systemic treatment. Additionally, it was related to serum VEGF, a key factor in disease pathogenesis, suggesting its potential as an indicator of the overall severity of this disease. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials, NCT01816620. Registered March 222,013.


Assuntos
Síndrome POEMS , Papiledema , Humanos , Lenalidomida , Síndrome POEMS/diagnóstico , Síndrome POEMS/tratamento farmacológico , Papiledema/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
6.
Nano Lett ; 20(3): 2062-2071, 2020 03 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32096643

RESUMO

Tumor hypoxia is the Achilles heel of oxygen-dependent photodynamic therapy (PDT), and tremendous challenges are confronted to reverse the tumor hypoxia. In this work, an oxidative phosphorylation inhibitor of atovaquone (ATO) and a photosensitizer of chlorine e6 (Ce6)-based self-delivery nanomedicine (designated as ACSN) were prepared via π-π stacking and hydrophobic interaction for O2-economized PDT against hypoxic tumors. Specifically, carrier-free ACSN exhibited an extremely high drug loading rate and avoided the excipient-induced systemic toxicity. Moreover, ACSN not only dramatically improved the solubility and stability of ATO and Ce6 but also enhanced the cellular internalization and intratumoral permeability. Abundant investigations confirmed that ACSN effectively suppressed the oxygen consumption to reverse the tumor hypoxia by inhibiting mitochondrial respiration. Benefiting from the synergistic mechanism, an enhanced PDT effect of ACSN was observed on the inhibition of tumor growth. This self-delivery system for oxygen-economized PDT might be a potential appealing clinical strategy for tumor eradication.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Mamárias Experimentais , Nanomedicina , Nanopartículas , Fotoquimioterapia , Porfirinas , Animais , Hipóxia Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Neoplasias Mamárias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Mamárias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Mamárias Experimentais/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/patologia , Nanopartículas/química , Nanopartículas/uso terapêutico , Porfirinas/química , Porfirinas/farmacocinética , Porfirinas/farmacologia
7.
Front Chem ; 7: 868, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31921785

RESUMO

Hypoxia is a common feature for most malignant tumors, which was also closely related to the oxygen-dependent photodynamic therapy. Based on Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET), a smart nanoprobe (designated as H-Probe) was designed in this paper for hypoxia imaging and photodynamic tumor therapy. Due to the FRET process, H-Probe could respond to hypoxia with a significant fluorescence recovery. Moreover, abundant in vitro investigations demonstrated that the photosensitizer of PpIX in H-Probe could generate large amounts of singlet oxygen to kill cancer cells in the presence of oxygen and light with appropriate wavelength. Also, intravenously injected H-Probe with light irradiation achieved an effective tumor inhibition in vivo with a reduced side effect. This original strategy of integrating hypoxia imaging and tumor therapy in one nanoplatform would promote the development of theranostic nanoplatform for tumor precision therapy.

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