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1.
Lab Invest ; 2021 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775495

RESUMO

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a common malignancy in children. In this study, we aimed to explore putative mechanisms of microRNA-155-5p (miR-155-5p) involvement in childhood ALL (cALL) via interactions with casitas B-lineage lymphoma (CBL), interferon regulatory factor 4 (IRF4), and cyclin-dependent kinase 6 (CDK6). Bioinformatic analysis was performed initially to identify differentially expressed genes in cALL. The expression levels of miR-155-5p, CBL, IRF4, and CDK6 in peripheral blood lymphocytes from clinical ALL samples were determined using RT-qPCR and Western blot assays. A dual-luciferase reporter gene assay was used to ascertain a possible targeting relationship between miR-155-5p and CBL, CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry were used to measure cell activity and apoptosis of ALL cells. Co-IP was performed to investigate the interaction between CBL and IRF4 and the ubiquitination level of IRF4. Furthermore, in vivo validation was performed inducing xenograft tumor models with ALL cells in nude mice. As indicated by bioinformatic analysis, miR-155-5p and CDK6 were upregulated and CBL was downregulated in ALL. miR-155-5p was found to target CBL to inhibit CBL expression. miR-155-5p promoted the proliferation of ALL cells and inhibited their apoptosis by inhibiting the expression of CBL, which otherwise degraded IRF4 protein through ubiquitination, leading to inhibited CDK6 expression. Collectively, the results show that miR-155-5p can promote the development of cALL via the regulation on CBL-mediated IRF4/CDK6 axis.

2.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 43(5): 749-754, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34728036

RESUMO

Objective To observe the role of ultrasound biomicroscopy(UBM)in two-year post-operative follow-up for primary open-angle glaucoma patients with modified CO2 laser-assisted sclerectomy surgery(CLASS).Methods This was a case series study.A combination of modified CLASS and preoperative laser iris management was administered to 28 eyes.Visual acuity,intraocular pressure(IOP),and slit-lamp examinations,visual field testing,and gonioscopy were carried out at baseline and until 24 months postoperatively.UBM examination was performed at 1,3,12 and 24 months postoperatively.Results Compared with the mean preoperative IOP [(30.61±10.59)mmHg],the IOP at each time point after operation was significantly lowered [(15.15±5.87),(12.56±3.24),(13.15±2.73),(13.75±2.55)and(13.75±2.46)mmHg at 1,3,6,12 and 24 months,respectively;all P<0.001].Complete success rates and qualified success rates at 12 months and 24 months were 60.71%,89.29% and 53.57%,85.71%,respectively.UBM images can present "dolphin head sign" after successful CLASS.The thickness of trabeculo-Descemet's window was(0.13±0.03)mm,which had no significant correlation with postoperative IOP at 12(r=-0.278,P=0.144)and 24 months(r=0.026,P=0.895).UBM examination revealed a severe scleral lake diminution(a change > 50%)in 1 eye(3.57%)at 12 months and 3 eyes(10.71%)at 24 months.There was no statistical significance detected between the size of the scleral lake and IOP after CLASS.Non-founctional blebs were found in 16 eyes(57.14%)at 12 months and 25 eyes(89.28%)at 24 months.Two eyes(7.14%)demonstrated severe peripheral anterior synechiae at 24 months,requiring surgical intervention.Conclusions UBM can effectively observe the morphology of the scleral lake,anterior chamber angle and filtering blebs in post-operative follow-up after modified CLASS,and give early warning of complications.It plays an important role in ensuring the success of CLASS.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Dióxido de Carbono , Seguimentos , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/diagnóstico por imagem , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/cirurgia , Humanos , Microscopia Acústica , Esclera/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(19)2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34640918

RESUMO

We report a novel Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) sensor that utilizes a weak one-dimensional field confinement silica waveguide (WCSW). The WCSW has a large horizontal and vertical aspect ratio and low refractive index difference, which features easy preparation and a large evanescent field for achieving high waveguide sensitivity. We experimentally achieved WCSW ultrahigh waveguide sensitivity of 0.94, MZI sensitivity of 44,364 π/RIU and a low limit of detection (LOD) of 6.1 × 10-7 RIU.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Interferometria , Limite de Detecção , Refratometria , Dióxido de Silício
4.
J Pain Res ; 14: 2833-2849, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34526816

RESUMO

Objective: To obtain evidence-based conclusions about the effect of acupuncture on pain relief in women undergoing oocyte retrieval, the results of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that met the criteria were assessed on the Pain Assessment Scale and pregnancy indicators. Search Methods: References were retrieved in MEDLINE, EMBASE, CNKI database, CBM database, VIP database, and Wanfang database from inception to June 26, 2021. Unpublished ongoing trials were searched in the Clinical Trials Registries. This review included RCTs that investigated the acupuncture analgesic effects during oocyte retrieval in women undergoing in vitro fertilization. Results: Fourteen RCTs (2503 women in total) with six types of comparisons were finally included. The quality of concluding evidence was generally low or very low. Performance bias and outcome assessment bias was the main risk of bias of the included studies. Acupuncture combined with conscious sedation and analgesia (CSA) was associated with less intraoperative (SMD=-1.03; 95% CI: -1.71 to -0.36) and postoperative (SMD = -1.11; 95% CI: -1.51 to -0.71) pain compared to receive CSA alone in oocyte retrieval. Acupuncture with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) was more effective than using NSAIDs alone for postoperative analgesia (MD = -1.76; 95% CI: -2.08 to -1.44). Conclusion: Acupuncture complex analgesic therapy is more effective than utilizing CSA or NSAIDs alone. Furthermore, there is no significant consensus on whether there is an analgesic effect of applying acupuncture alone during oocyte retrievals, which needs further research. The overall results should be interpreted with caution due to the high risk of bias/low-GRADE scores among these studies. Protocol and Registration: PROSPERO registration number: CRD42020170095.

5.
Infect Genet Evol ; 95: 105056, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481061

RESUMO

Human adenovirus serotype 41 (HAdV-F41) is an important pathogen that causes diarrhea in children. However, the data on its molecular genetic characteristics and evolutionary history are still neither comprehensive nor sufficient. Four capsid protein genes from 58 HAdV-F41-positive specimens taken from diarrheal children in Beijing during 2010-2019 were amplified and analyzed. Variant amino acids in the hexon gene (18 sites) and short fiber gene (4 sites) clustered these strains into two clades and four subclades. The deletion of 15 amino acids found in the gene seemed to have little effect on the genomic strain cluster same as to penton gene. The HAdV-F41 strains had high diversity, as assessed from the intraspecific recombination of hexon, short fiber and long fiber. The molecular evolutionary rate of HAdV-F41's concatenated genes was 4.07 × 10-5 substitutions/site/year, and it diverged from the most recent common ancestor in 1720. Apart from in the penton gene, positive selection codons were predicted in the other three genes, which may play a synergistic role in the evolution of HAdV-F41. These results provide new insights for understanding the characteristics of infectivity and developing vectors and vaccine vehicles for HAdV-F41.

6.
Lab Chip ; 21(21): 4118-4127, 2021 10 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498019

RESUMO

Flexible diffraction gratings that can be dynamically tuned in terms of both diffraction efficiency and diffraction angles are very important components for various applications, and fundamentally can be tuned through varying the modulation depth, duty cycle and grating period. However, dynamic and continuous tuning of a grating in all three aspects is difficult and has never been demonstrated hitherto. We propose and successfully fabricate a laminar-flow-based microfluidic grating in which all the three parameters can be dynamically tuned by simply varying flow rates into several liquid inlets. A 32-period liquid grating is generated by using ethanol and benzyl alcohol as alternate liquid lamellae. The total diffraction efficiency is tuned between 0 and 99%, and the maximum diffraction efficiency of the first order is ∼27%. The duty cycle of the grating is dynamically tuned from 7.6% to 91.5%. The grating period is compressed from more than 22 µm to less than 4 µm, leading to tuning of the first order diffraction angle from 1.7° to 9.2°.


Assuntos
Microfluídica , Desenho de Equipamento
7.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(32): 12439-12444, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34355894

RESUMO

Here we report a neutral fullerene-like core-shell homosilver Ag13@Ag20 nanocluster that is fully protected by an achiral bidentate thiolate ligand (9,12-dimercapto-1,2-closo-carborane, C2B10H10S2H2), which crystallizes in centrosymmetric space group R3̅. Continuous Cu doping in the dodecahedral shell first induced symmetry breaking to generate chiral Ag13@Ag20-nCun (6 ≥ n ≥ 2) containing two acetonitrile ligands in space group P212121, and then produced symmetric all-thiolated Ag13@Ag20-nCun (20 ≥ n ≥ 13) in the higher space group Im3̅. The selectively copper-doped Ag13@Ag20-nCun (6 ≥ n ≥ 2) cluster has its structure reorganized to a lower symmetry that shows chiroptical activity. Moreover, structural distortion of Ag13@Ag20-nCun (6 ≥ n ≥ 2) further expanded in chiral R-/S-propylene oxide, which induced a more prominent core-based CD response. This work revealed a novel mechanism of chirality generation at the atomic level through asymmetric shell-doping of metal nanoclusters, which provides new insight into the origin of chirality in inorganic nanostructures.

8.
World J Pediatr ; 17(5): 508-516, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34453285

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coxsackievirus A16 (CVA16) is one of the major etiological agents of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD). This study aimed to investigate the molecular epidemiology and evolutionary characteristics of CVA16. METHODS: Throat swabs were collected from children with HFMD and suspected HFMD during 2010-2019. Enteroviruses (EVs) were detected and typed by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and RT-PCR. The genotype, evolutionary rate, the most recent common ancestor, population dynamics and selection pressure of CVA16 were analyzed based on viral protein gene (VP1) by bioinformatics software. RESULTS: A total of 4709 throat swabs were screened. EVs were detected in 3180 samples and 814 were CVA16 positive. More than 81% of CVA16-positive children were under 5 years old. The prevalence of CVA16 showed obvious periodic fluctuations with a high level during 2010-2012 followed by an apparent decline during 2013-2017. However, the activities of CVA16 increased gradually during 2018-2019. All the Beijing CVA16 strains belonged to sub-genotype B1, and B1b was the dominant strain. One B1c strain was detected in Beijing for the first time in 2016. The estimated mean evolutionary rate of VP1 gene was 4.49 × 10-3 substitution/site/year. Methionine gradually fixed at site-23 of VP1 since 2012. Two sites were detected under episodic positive selection, one of which (site-223) located in neutralizing linear epitope PEP71. CONCLUSIONS: The dominant strains of CVA16 belonged to clade B1b and evolved in a fast evolutionary rate during 2010-2019 in Beijing. To provide more favorable data for HFMD prevention and control, it is necessary to keep attention on molecular epidemiological and evolutionary characteristics of CVA16.

9.
Pain Med ; 2021 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34314503

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Recent neuroimaging studies have found that brain function is abnormal in primary dysmenorrhea (PDM). The present study aimed to explore frequency-specific brain alterations and their occurrence in the PDM. METHODS: Forty-seven patients with PDM and 36 matched healthy controls were enrolled in the study and underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. The alterations in brain function in patients with PDM were assessed using different frequency filter bands (Slow5, Slow4, Slow3, and full low frequency) and functional connectivity density (FCD) approach. The clinical significance of the altered FCD was then explored. Additionally, mediation analysis was employed to detect the altered FCD-mediated clinical relationships in PDM. RESULTS: Frequency-specific FCD alterations have been observed in patients with PDM, especially in the central executive, default mode, sensorimotor networks, and the hippocampus. The altered full low-frequency FCD in the hippocampus was associated with the duration of disease and pain severity scores. The altered Slow 5 FCD in the second somatosensory area (S2) was associated with the severity of pain in PDM. Furthermore, the FCD in S2 mediated the duration associated with pain symptoms in PDM. CONCLUSION: The present study identified frequency-specific FCD alterations in PDM and suggested that the S2 area is a potential treatment target for PDM.

10.
Front Oncol ; 11: 594510, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34109107

RESUMO

Objectives: To construct a nomogram model that combines clinical characteristics and radiomics signatures to preoperatively discriminate pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) in stage I-II and III-IV and predict overall survival. Methods: A total of 135 patients with histopathologically confirmed PDAC who underwent contrast-enhanced CT were included. A total of 384 radiomics features were extracted from arterial phase (AP) or portal venous phase (PVP) images. Four steps were used for feature selection, and multivariable logistic regression analysis were used to build radiomics signatures and combined nomogram model. Performance of the proposed model was assessed by using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, calibration curves and decision curve analysis (DCA). Kaplan-Meier analysis was applied to analyze overall survival in the stage I-II and III-IV PDAC groups. Results: The AP+PVP radiomics signature showed the best performance among the three radiomics signatures [training cohort: area under the curve (AUC) = 0.919; validation cohort: AUC = 0.831]. The combined nomogram model integrating AP+PVP radiomics signature with clinical characteristics (tumor location, carcinoembryonic antigen level, and tumor maximum diameter) demonstrated the best discrimination performance (training cohort: AUC = 0.940; validation cohort: AUC = 0.912). Calibration curves and DCA verified the clinical usefulness of the combined nomogram model. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that overall survival of patients in the predicted stage I-II PDAC group was longer than patients in stage III-IV PDAC group (p<0.0001). Conclusions: We propose a combined model with excellent performance for the preoperative, individualized, noninvasive discrimination of stage I-II and III-IV PDAC and prediction of overall survival.

11.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 663654, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34178988

RESUMO

Objective: To experimentally determine the involvement and mechanism of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) HCP5 in the development of gastric cancer (GC). Methods: Detection of HCP5, miR-186-5p, and WNT5A expression in clinical GC tissues and adjacent healthy tissues was performed, followed by Pearson correlation analysis. BGC-823 and AGS cells, with interferences of HCP5, miR-186-5p, and WNT5A, were cultured under hypoxia. MTT, colony formation assay, Caspase-3 activity assay, and transwell assay were applied for the determination of cell proliferation, viability, apoptosis, and invasion, respectively. Expressions of WNT5A and protein markers of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in cells were detected by western blotting. And the binding of HCP5 and WNT5A to miR-186-5p was validated using dual-luciferase reporter assay. Results: In GC tissues, an increase in HCP5 and WNT5A expressions and a reduction in miR-186-5p expression were found, and the negative correlation between miR-186-5p and HCP5/WNT5A was proven. Subsequently, under hypoxia, an increase in HCP5 and WNT5A expressions and a decrease in miR-186-5p expression in GC cells were confirmed. In addition, in GC cells under hypoxia, the inhibition of HCP5 suppressed cell biological activity and EMT, while the inhibition of miR-186-5p or the overexpression of WNT5A led to the opposite changes. Conclusion: An upregulation of WNT5A expression by HCP5 competitively binding to miR-186-5p promotes GC cell development.

12.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(24): 28369-28377, 2021 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34107212

RESUMO

Mn-based layered oxides are very attractive as cathodes for potassium-ion batteries (PIBs) due to their low-cost and environmentally friendly precursors. Their transfer to practical application, however, is inhibited by some issues including consecutive phase transitions, sluggish K+ deintercalation/intercalation, and serious capacity loss. Herein, Mg-Ni co-substituted K1/2Mn5/6Mg1/12Ni1/12O2 is designed as a promising cathode material for PIBs, with suppressed phase transitions that occurred in K1/2MnO2 and improved K+ storage performance. Part of Mg2+ and Ni2+ occupies the K+ layer, playing the role of a "nailed pillar", which restrains metal oxide layer gliding during the K+ (de)intercalation. The "Mg-Ni pinning effect" not only suppresses the phase transitions but also reduces the cell volume variation, leading to the improved cycle performance. Moreover, K1/2Mn5/6Mg1/12Ni1/12O2 has low activation barrier energy for K+ diffusion and high electron conductivity as demonstrated by first-principles calculations, resulting in better rate capability. In addition, K1/2Mn5/6Mg1/12Ni1/12O2 also delivers a higher reversible capacity owing to the participation of the Ni element in electrochemical reactions and the pseudocapacitive contribution. This study provides a basic understanding of structural evolution in layered Mn-based oxides and broadens the strategic design of cathode materials for PIBs.

13.
Neurobiol Learn Mem ; 183: 107479, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34119613

RESUMO

Maternal deprivation (MD) in early life severely disrupts hippocampal development, leading to persistent cognitive and behavior deficits. The current study uncovered that early MD (P1-P21) impaired spatial learning and memory capacity detected by Morris water maze (MWM) tests from juvenile (P31) to adult (P81) rats compared to age-matched controls. And the protein expression in hippocampus were detected by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) before MWM, respectively. Protein changes in hippocampal were examined to identify the molecular pathways underlying MD-induced hippocampal dysfunction. There were 11 differentially expressed proteins analyzed between adult MD and control male rats, while the 8 proteins were then identified by UPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations of the identified proteins were related to neuronal and glial cytoskeletal dynamics, membrane signaling, stress responses, biosynthesis, and metabolism. The different expression proteins spectrin alpha chain, non-erythrocytic 1 (Sptan1), ATP-citrate synthase (Acly), and heat shock protein 90-alpha (Hsp90aa1) have been verified by western blot analysis, and their expression levels showed consistent with 2-DE analysis. In addition, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) was also found reduced in adult hippocampus of MD rats. This study identifies candidate proteins encompassing a range of functional categories that may contribute to persistent learning and memory deficits due to early life MD.

14.
Mol Oncol ; 15(11): 3147-3163, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34028973

RESUMO

Homeobox D3 (HOXD3), a member of the homeobox family, was described to regulate tumorigenesis, invasion, metastasis, and angiogenesis in various tumor types. However, the molecular mechanisms regulating HOXD3 during hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) migration, invasion, and angiogenesis remain elusive. In this study, we demonstrated that HOXD3 expression is enhanced by the binding of methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2), a methyl-CpG binding protein, together with CREB1to the hypermethylated promoter of HOXD3. Inhibition of HOXD3 eliminated the tumorigenic effects of MeCP2 on HCC cells. Furthermore, HOXD3 directly targeted the promoter region of heparin-binding epidermal growth factor (HB-EGF) via the EGFR-ERK1/2 cell signaling pathway and promoted invasion, metastasis, and angiogenesis of HCC in vitro and in vivo. Additionally, elevated expression of MeCP2, CREB1, and HB-EGF in HCC correlated with a poor survival rate. Our findings reveal the function of the MeCP2/HOXD3/HB-EGF regulatory axis in HCC, rendering it an attractive candidate for the development of targeted therapeutics and as a potential biomarker in patients with HCC.

15.
Blood ; 138(13): 1182-1193, 2021 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33945603

RESUMO

Events mediated by the P-selectin/PSGL-1 pathway play a critical role in the initiation and propagation of venous thrombosis by facilitating the accumulation of leukocytes and platelets within the growing thrombus. Activated platelets and endothelium express P-selectin, which binds P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) that is expressed on the surface of all leukocytes. We developed a pegylated glycomimetic of the N terminus of PSGL-1, PEG40-GSnP-6 (P-G6), which proved to be a highly potent P-selectin inhibitor with a favorable pharmacokinetic profile for clinical translation. P-G6 inhibits human and mouse platelet-monocyte and platelet-neutrophil aggregation in vitro and blocks microcirculatory platelet-leukocyte interactions in vivo. Administration of P-G6 reduces thrombus formation in a nonocclusive model of deep vein thrombosis with a commensurate reduction in leukocyte accumulation, but without disruption of hemostasis. P-G6 potently inhibits the P-selectin/PSGL-1 pathway and represents a promising drug candidate for the prevention of venous thrombosis without increased bleeding risk.

16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(19): 22635-22645, 2021 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33970591

RESUMO

O3-type NaCrO2 is attracting increasing attention as potential cathode material for sodium-ion batteries (SIBs). Bare NaCrO2 is usually synthesized by a solid-state reaction and suffers from serious capacity decay and poor power capability. Modification by coating is an effective method to improve the electrochemical properties, but it inevitably reduces the energy density. To avoid the decrease of energy density and optimize the electrochemical performance, a specific route, i.e., a freeze-drying-assisted sol-gel method, has been adopted to synthesize bare NaCrO2 in this work. Three-phase coexistence during charging is confirmed for the first time, which contributes to delaying the disappearance of the O3 phase and then improving the structural reversibility, resulting in superior cycle stability (∼50% capacity retention after 3000 cycles at 5C). Meanwhile, as-synthesized NaCrO2 delivers an outstanding rate capability (82.1 mAh g-1 at 50C), which is attributed to the fast Na+ diffusivity and high electronic conductivity proved by density functional theory (DFT) calculations. It is worth mentioning that NaCrO2 also exhibits excellent electrochemical properties when used as a cathode for potassium-ion batteries (PIBs). This work provides new perspectives on the structural evolution of NaCrO2, and the results are expected to contribute to the development of SIBs and PIBs.

17.
J Nutr ; 151(8): 2175-2187, 2021 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33979839

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dynamic orchestration of metabolic pathways during continuous fasting remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the physiological effects of Bigu-style fasting and underlying metabolic reprogramming in healthy adults. METHODS: We conducted a 5-d Bigu trial in 43 healthy subjects [age 23.2 ± 2.4 y; BMI (in kg/m2) 22.52 ± 1.79]. Physiological indicators and body composition were monitored daily during fasting day 1 (F1D) to F5D and after 10-d refeeding postfasting (R10D) and R30D. Blood samples were collected in the morning. Risk factors associated with inflammation, aging, cardiovascular diseases, malnutrition, and organ dysfunction were evaluated by biochemical measurements. Untargeted plasma metabolomics and gut microbial profiling were performed using plasma and fecal samples. Data were analyzed by repeated measures ANOVA with Greenhouse-Geisser correction. Correlation analyses for metabolite modules and taurine were analyzed by Spearman's rank and Pearson tests, respectively. RESULTS: Heart rate was accelerated throughout the fasting period. Risk factors associated with inflammation and cardiovascular diseases were significantly lowered during or after Bigu (P < 0.05). Body composition measurement detected an overconsumption of fat starting from F3D till 1 mo after refeeding. Metabolomics unveiled a coupling between gluconeogenesis and cholesterol biosynthesis beyond F3D. Plasma taurine significantly increased at F3D by 31%-46% followed by a reduction to basal level at F5D (P < 0.001), a pattern inversely correlated with changes in glucose and de novo synthesized cholesterol (r = -0.407 and -0.296, respectively; P < 0.001). Gut microbial profiling showed an enrichment of taurine-utilizing bacteria at F5D, which was completely recovered at R10D. CONCLUSIONS: Our data demonstrate that 5-d Bigu is potentially beneficial to health in young adults. A starvation threshold of 3-d fasting is necessary for maintaining glucose and cholesterol homeostasis via a taurine-microbiota regulatory loop. Our findings provide novel insights into the physiological and metabolic responses of the human body to continuous Bigu-style fasting. This trial was registered at http://www.chictr.org.cn as ChiCTR1900022917.

18.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 9(6): e1689, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33951346

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We determined the yield, genetic spectrum, and actual origin of de novo mutations (DNMs) for infantile spasms (ISs) in a Chinese cohort. The efficacy of levetiracetam (LEV) for STXBP1-related ISs was explored also. METHODS: Targeted sequencing of 153 epilepsy-related candidate genes was applied to 289 Chinese patients with undiagnosed ISs. Trio-based amplicon deep sequencing was used for all DNMs to distinguish somatic/mosaic mutations from germline ones. RESULTS: Total of 26 DNMs were identified from 289 recruited Chinese patients with undiagnosed ISs. Among them, 24 DNMs were interpreted as pathogenic mutations based on American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics guidelines, contributing to 8.3% (24/289) of diagnosis yield in the Chinese IS cohort. CDKL5 and STXBP1 are the top genes with recurrent DNMs, accounting for 3.1% (9/289) of yield. Further deep resequencing for the trio members showed that 22.7% (5/22) of DNMs are actually somatic in the proband or a parent. These somatic carriers presented milder seizure attacks than those with true germline DNMs. After treatment with LEV for half a year, three patients with DNM in STXBP1 showed improved clinical symptoms, including seizure-free and normal electroencephalogram, except for a patient with a second DNM in DIAPH3. SIGNIFICANCE: Our study confirmed the contribution and genetic spectrum of DNMs in Chinese IS patients. Somatic mutation account for a quarter of DNMs in IS cases. Treatment with LEV improved the prognosis of STXBP1-related ISs.

19.
Anal Chem ; 93(18): 7045-7053, 2021 05 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33886303

RESUMO

The development of robust analytical tools capable of probing the formation kinetics and thermodynamics of DNA nanostructures is a crucial step toward better understanding and manufacturing of diverse DNA-based materials. Herein, we introduce a real-time fluorescence anisotropy assay and rationally designed DNA reaction termination probes (DRTPs) as a set of new tools for exploring the formation mechanisms of DNA nanostructures. We deployed these tools for probing the formation of a classic tetrahedral DNA nanostructure (TDN) as a model system. Our tools revealed that the formation of TDN was dominated by simultaneous hybridization, whereas its undesired side products were caused mainly through step-wise hybridization. An optimal reaction temperature exists that favors the formation of TDN over side products. With insight into the TDN formation mechanism, we further engineered magnetic DRTPs to achieve single-step purification of TDN, enabling 10-fold improvement in the ratio between the targeted TDN and undesired side products without tedious procedures or bulky instruments. Combining the optimal reaction and purification conditions, we finally demonstrated the one-pot synthesis and purification of TDN. The analytical techniques offered in this work may hold potential to find wide applications and inspire new analytical methods for structural DNA nanotechnology.


Assuntos
Nanoestruturas , DNA , Cinética , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Termodinâmica
20.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 7641, 2021 04 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33828114

RESUMO

This paper presents the assessment of water resource security in the Guizhou karst area, China. A mean impact value and back-propagation (MIV-BP) neural network was used to understand the influencing factors. Thirty-one indices involving five aspects, the water quality subsystem, water quantity subsystem, engineering water shortage subsystem, water resource vulnerability subsystem, and water resource carrying capacity subsystem, were selected to establish an evaluation index of water resource security. In addition, a genetic algorithm and back-propagation (GA-BP) neural network was constructed to assess the water resource security of Guizhou Province from 2001 to 2015. The results show that water resource security in Guizhou was at a moderate warning level from 2001 to 2006 and a critical safety level from 2007 to 2015, except in 2011 when a moderate warning level was reached. For protection and management of water resources in a karst area, the modes of development and utilization of water resources must be thoroughly understood, along with the impact of engineering water shortage. These results are a meaningful contribution to regional ecological restoration and socio-economic development and can promote better practices for future planning.

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