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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(5): 573-576, Set.-Oct. 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376707

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction: Skeletal muscle satellite cells are considered the unique source of stem cells for myogenic differentiation of adult skeletal muscle cells. Upon stimulation, the skeletal muscle satellite cell can be activated through specific signaling pathways, proliferate and differentiate into a muscle cell. An analysis of the effects of key signaling pathways could provide the basis for an in-depth study of skeletal muscle formation in athletes and muscle development. Objective: This paper analyzes the effects of key signaling pathways on skeletal muscle satellite cell proliferation and differentiation. Methods: We divided 32 athletes into four groups: control, stretching, experimental, and mixed groups. The control group received no training at all, the stretching group and the experimental group received stretching training on the right gastrocnemius. The mixed group also got weight climbing training in the stretching training, initial load 30% of the athlete's weight, increasing 25% each week until 100% of body weight, at the frequency of 3 times a week. After training, gene expression of live satellite cells was measured by intramuscular signaling. Results: The FGM level of the antagonistic group (3.56±0.21) was higher than in the control group (3.25±0.18). The gene expression of HGF mRNA was higher in the mixed group (2.16±0.24) followed by the antagonistic group (2.02±0.15), the stretching group (1.81±0.25), and the control group (1.03±0.06). Conclusion: Both stretching and antagonistic training can increase gene expression in signaling pathways. Antagonistic training significantly increased the expression of HGF, MGF, and mRNA. This activity can promote muscle bulking and skeletal muscle enlargements. Evidence Level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the result.


RESUMO Introdução: As células satélites musculares esqueléticas são consideradas a única fonte de células-tronco para a diferenciação miogênica das células musculares esqueléticas adultas. Após a estimulação, a célula satélite muscular esquelética pode ser ativada através de vias de sinalização específicas, proliferar e diferenciar-se em célula muscular. Uma análise sobre os efeitos das principais vias de sinalização poderia estabelecer as bases para um estudo aprofundado da formação muscular esquelética nos atletas e do desenvolvimento muscular. Objetivo: Este artigo analisa os efeitos das principais vias de sinal na proliferação e diferenciação das células satélites musculares esqueléticas. Métodos: Dividimos 32 atletas em quatro grupos. Grupos controle, alongamento, experimental e grupo misto. O grupo controle não recebeu treinamento algum, o grupo de alongamento e o grupo experimental receberam treinamento de alongamento no gastrocnêmio direito. O grupo misto também obteve treinamento de escalada com peso no treino de alongamento, carga inicial de 30% do peso do atleta, aumentando 25% em cada semana até 100% do peso corporal. Na frequência de 3 vezes por semana. Após os treinos, a expressão genética das células satélites vivas foi medida por intermédio da sinalização proveniente de coleta intramuscular. Resultados: O nível de MGF do grupo antagônico (3.56±0.21) foi maior que no grupo controle (3.25±0.18). A expressão gênica do mRNA HGF foi maior no grupo misto (2.16±0.24) seguido pelo antagônico (2.02±0.15), o grupo de alongamento (1.81±0.25) e o grupo controle (1.03±0.06) Conclusão: Tanto o treinamento de alongamento quanto o treinamento antagônico podem aumentar a expressão genética nas vias de sinalização. O treinamento antagônico aumentou significativamente a expressão de HGF, MGF e mRNA. Essa atividade pode promover volume e hipertrofia muscular. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: Las células satélite del músculo esquelético se consideran la única fuente de células madre para la diferenciación miogénica de las células musculares esqueléticas adultas. Tras la estimulación, la célula satélite del músculo esquelético puede activarse a través de vías de señalización específicas, proliferar y diferenciarse en una célula muscular. Un análisis sobre los efectos de las vías de señalización clave podría sentar las bases para un estudio en profundidad de la formación del músculo esquelético en los atletas y del desarrollo muscular. Objetivo: Este trabajo examina los efectos de las vías de señalización clave en la proliferación y diferenciación de las células satélite del músculo esquelético. Métodos: Dividimos a 32 atletas en cuatro grupos. Grupos de control, de estiramiento, experimentales y mixtos. El grupo de control no recibió ningún entrenamiento, el grupo de estiramiento y el grupo experimental recibieron un entrenamiento de estiramiento en el gastrocnemio derecho. El grupo mixto también recibió entrenamiento de escalada con pesas en el entrenamiento de estiramiento, con una carga inicial del 30% del peso del atleta, aumentando un 25% cada semana hasta el 100% del peso corporal. Con una frecuencia de 3 veces por semana. Tras el entrenamiento, se midió la expresión génica de las células satélite vivas mediante la señalización de la recogida intramuscular. Resultados: El nivel de FGM del grupo antagonista (3,56±0,21) fue mayor que en el grupo de control (3,25±0,18). La expresión génica del ARNm del HGF fue mayor en el grupo mixto (2,16±0,24), seguido del grupo antagonista (2,02±0,15), el grupo de estiramiento (1,81±0,25) y el grupo de control (1,03±0,06) Conclusión: Tanto el entrenamiento de estiramiento como el antagonista pueden aumentar la expresión génica en las vías de señalización. El entrenamiento antagónico aumentó significativamente la expresión de HGF, MGF y mRNA. Esta actividad puede promover el aumento de volumen muscular y la hipertrofia. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.

2.
Brain Imaging Behav ; 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076128

RESUMO

The current study aimed to explore the behavioral, daily-life executive functional, and brain functional connectivity patterns in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and anxiety. A total of 246 children with non-comorbid ADHD and 91 healthy controls (HCs) participated in the current study, among whom 175 subjects went through resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans. The ADHD participants were divided into two subgroups: ADHD with a high level of anxiety (ADHD + ANX) and ADHD with a low level of anxiety (ADHD-ANX). The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) were used to capture the behavioral and daily-life executive functional characteristics. Independent component analysis with dual regression models was applied to the fMRI data. All statistical models were estimated with age and sex as covariates. Compared with the ADHD-ANX group, the ADHD + ANX group showed more withdrawn, somatic, social, thought, attention, delinquent, and aggressive problems (all corrected p < 0.05). The ADHD + ANX group also displayed more impaired emotional control and working memory than the ADHD-ANX (all corrected p < 0.05). The ADHD-ANX group, but not the ADHD + ANX group, showed elevated functional connectivity within the default mode network compared with the HC group. The mean function connectivity within the default mode network significantly mediated the correlation between anxiety level and attention problems. In sum, anxiety in children with ADHD was associated with more social, emotional, and behavioral problems, more impaired daily-life executive function, and altered brain function. Our work provides important information on the heterogeneity of ADHD.

3.
Front Public Health ; 10: 981782, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36072371

RESUMO

Objective: Because of rapid economic growth and followed urban expansion in China, many people drinking natural water had to change their water sources to tap water. We aimed to test the unknown association that whether continued use of natural water for drinking is different from switching to tap water in all-cause mortality risks in elderly people. Methods: In total, based on Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey, 26,688 elderly participants drinking natural water from childhood to young-old were included in the final analyses. Associations between whether changing drinking water sources or not and all-cause mortality risk were then estimated by Cox regression models with the use of multiple propensity score methods, and the primary analysis used propensity score matching, with other propensity score methods confirming the robustness of the results. Results: Baseline characteristics were fairly well balanced by the three post-randomization methods. During a median follow-up period of 3.00 (IQR: 1.52, 5.73) years, 21,379 deaths were recorded. The primary analysis showed people using natural water unchangeably was associated with a lower risk of all-cause mortality than those switching to tap water in later life (HR: 0.94, 95% CI: 0.91-0.97, p < 0.001). Other propensity score methods, as well as Cox regression analysis without using propensity score methods, showed similar results. Conclusions: Among elderly people depending on natural water for drinking from their childhood to young-old in China, continued use of natural water was associated with a lower all-cause mortality risk than conversion to tap water later. Further studies in different countries and populations are needed to verify our conclusions.


Assuntos
Água Potável , Idoso , Asiáticos , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Prospectivos
4.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 8164034, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36072729

RESUMO

Objective: The main objective is to study the effect of diabetic nephropathy on pulmonary function and clinical outcomes. Methods: The method is to retrospectively analyze patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN) in our hospital from April 2018 to March 2022 as study subjects. The differences in baseline data, serum indicators, renal function indicators, and pulmonary function of patients at different clinical stages were analyzed and then explored. Finally, logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors affecting patients' clinical outcomes and to evaluate the diagnostic effects. Results: Baseline information (age, disease duration, BMI, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure), serum indicators (HbA1c, FBG, 2hPG, TG, TC, and LDLC), renal function indicators (CysC, BUN, and Scr), and pulmonary function (TLC, VC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC, MVV, MEF25, MEF50 MEF75, DLCO, and DLCO/VA) were significantly different (P < 0.01); multiple logistic regression analysis showed that SBP, HbA1c, FBG, 2hPG, BUN, Scr, TLC, VC, FEV1/FVC, MVV, DLCO, and DLCO/VA were all key factors in the development of clinical outcomes in DN (P < 0.05). ROC analysis showed that all of these important factors had an AUC greater than 0.75 for the diagnosis of DN with high sensitivity and specificity. Conclusion: Serum and renal function indices of DN patients gradually increased with stage, accompanied by a decrease in pulmonary ventilation, and diffusion function; SBP, HbA1c, FBG, 2hPG, BUN, Scr, TLC, VC, FEV1/FVC, MVV, DLCO, and DLCO/VA were all key factors affecting the clinical outcome of DN; controlling blood glucose, lipids, improving pulmonary ventilation, and diffusion function can better prevent the occurrence and worsening of DN.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Nefropatias Diabéticas/diagnóstico , Hemoglobina A Glicada , Humanos , Pulmão , Testes de Função Respiratória , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
J Oncol ; 2022: 9971619, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36072968

RESUMO

Objectives: This study aims to explore gut microbiota dysbiosis in the histological stages of gastric cancer (GC). Methods: Feces samples and clinical characteristics were collected from patients with different stages of GC, including 15 superficial gastritis (SG), 13 atrophic gastritis (AG), 8 gastric mucosal atypical hyperplasia (GMAH), and 15 advanced GC cases. The diversity and composition of gut microbiota among the four groups were determined by sequencing the V4 region of bacterial 16S rRNA genes. Results: Reduced gut microbial alpha diversity and altered dissimilarity of the microbial community structure were found among the four groups. In addition, 18 species, 6 species, 6 species, and 16 species of bacteria were enriched in the SG, AG, GMAH, and GC groups, respectively, using the linear discriminant analysis (LDA) effect size (LEfSe) analyses. Besides, we found that two new genera, Scardovia and Halomonas, are associated with GC and the metabolic pathways of Genetic information processing and Circulatory System were more abundant in the GC group compared with noncancer groups. Conclusions: We identified differences in microbial compositional changes across stages of GC. Six genera and two metabolic pathways were more abundant in the GC group than noncancer groups, suggesting that these findings may contribute to the therapy strategies in GC in the near feature.

6.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 44(4): 661-667, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36065699

RESUMO

As a DNA receptor in the cytoplasm,cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) can recognize abnormal DNA in the cytoplasm and activate stimulator of interferon genes (STING) to regulate the immune response. The recent studies have demonstrated that this pathway plays a role in non-infectious inflammatory diseases by promoting the expression of type Ⅰ interferon and interferon-stimulated gene.This article reviews the activation and regulation of cGAS-STING pathway in multiple systems and the effect of this pathway on the occurrence and progression of non-infectious inflammatory diseases,providing theoretical reference for future application of cGAS-STING pathway-related drugs in non-infectious inflammatory diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças não Transmissíveis , Humanos , Interferons , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Nucleotídeos Cíclicos , Nucleotidiltransferases/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
7.
Biomacromolecules ; 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36054822

RESUMO

The carboxysome is a protein-based nanoscale organelle in cyanobacteria and many proteobacteria, which encapsulates the key CO2-fixing enzymes ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) and carbonic anhydrase (CA) within a polyhedral protein shell. The intrinsic self-assembly and architectural features of carboxysomes and the semipermeability of the protein shell provide the foundation for the accumulation of CO2 within carboxysomes and enhanced carboxylation. Here, we develop an approach to determine the interior pH conditions and inorganic carbon accumulation within an α-carboxysome shell derived from a chemoautotrophic proteobacterium Halothiobacillus neapolitanus and evaluate the shell permeability. By incorporating a pH reporter, pHluorin2, within empty α-carboxysome shells produced in Escherichia coli, we probe the interior pH of the protein shells with and without CA. Our in vivo and in vitro results demonstrate a lower interior pH of α-carboxysome shells than the cytoplasmic pH and buffer pH, as well as the modulation of the interior pH in response to changes in external environments, indicating the shell permeability to bicarbonate ions and protons. We further determine the saturated HCO3- concentration of 15 mM within α-carboxysome shells and show the CA-mediated increase in the interior CO2 level. Uncovering the interior physiochemical microenvironment of carboxysomes is crucial for understanding the mechanisms underlying carboxysomal shell permeability and enhancement of Rubisco carboxylation within carboxysomes. Such fundamental knowledge may inform reprogramming carboxysomes to improve metabolism and recruit foreign enzymes for enhanced catalytical performance.

8.
Cancer Gene Ther ; 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36056253

RESUMO

Epithelial cell transforming sequence 2 (ECT2) is expressed at high levels in various malignancies and contributes to malignant phenotypes in cancers. However, ECT2 is still not fully understood regarding its function and carcinogenic mechanism in cervical cancer. This research indicated that ECT2 expression was elevated in cervical cancer based on bioinformatics analysis and clinical specimens. Experiments in vitro and in vivo confirmed that ECT2 knockdown could suppress the proliferation and metastasis of cervical carcinoma cells. In addition, we found that silencing ECT2 could enhance the sensitivity to cisplatin and promote cell apoptosis. Mechanistically, we observed that ECT2 knockdown could inhibit the AKT/mTOR pathway and activate apoptosis, while ECT2 overexpression induced the opposite effect. The relationship between ECT2 and AKT was further confirmed by immunoprecipitation and rescue experiments. We found that the ECT2 and AKT could interact to form a complex, and knockdown AKT could offset all of the effects induced by ECT2. Our study emphasized the key point of ECT2 in the reversal of cisplatin resistance, and ECT2 could become a potential therapeutic target in cervical cancer.

9.
Food Funct ; 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36052647

RESUMO

A novel pro-phytomicelle formulation with small molecule phytochemicals as nanomaterials was developed for the oral delivery of pterostilbene (PTE) in our previous work. The present report was designed to preclinically evaluate the in vivo oral bioavailability, organ and tissue distribution, as well as the strengthened efficacy against acetaminophen-induced liver damage of this novel formulation, named PTE pro-phytomicelles. After oral administration in rats, an improvement in the area under the curve (AUC)0→t of the PTE pro-phytomicelles (34832.25 vs. 13115.72 ng ml-1 h) and an increase in their maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) (4.940 vs. 2.175 µg ml-1), as compared with those of bare PTE, were observed. The organ and tissue distribution further showed that the PTE pro-phytomicelles could effectively increase the concentration of PTE in all the tested organs and gastrointestinal segments. In the efficacy evaluation, the overdose of Acetaminophen induced severe liver injury in mice, and the oral administration of PTE pro-phytomicelles could efficiently suppress ALT and AST levels in serum, restore histopathological changes, and result in more effective improvement against liver damage via oxidative stress and inflammation cytokine inhibition. The mechanism through which high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) signaling was regulated was involved in this treatment. These results reveal that PTE pro-phytomicelles could achieve significantly improved in vivo profiles than bare PTE, and these pro-phytomicelles might provide a new concept and promising therapeutic potential in terms of PTE nanomedicines.

10.
Front Neurosci ; 16: 992577, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090267

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of acupuncture, an alternative medicine therapy, as a preventive treatment for menstruation-related migraine (MRM). Patients and methods: This was a prospective, multicenter, double-dummy, participant-blinded, randomized controlled clinical trial conducted in China between 1 April 2013, and 30 April 2014. The participants were enrolled from four study centers and randomized to into either the acupuncture group, which received 24 sessions of acupuncture at traditional acupoints plus placebo, or the medication group, which received sham acupuncture plus naproxen. The primary endpoint was change from the baseline average number of migraine days per perimenstrual period over cycles 1-3. The secondary endpoints included changes from the baseline average number of migraine days outside the perimenstrual period, mean number of migraine hours during and outside the perimenstrual period, mean visual analog scale score during and outside the perimenstrual period, ≥50% migraine responder rate, and the proportion of participants who used acute pain medication over cycles 1-3 and 4-6. Results: A total of 172 women with MRM were enrolled; 170 in the intention-to-treat analyses. Our primary outcome reported a significant between-group difference that favored the acupuncture group (95% CI, 0.17-0.50; P < 0.001), with the average reduction of migraine days per perimenstrual period from the baseline was 0.94 (95% CI, 0.82-1.07) in the acupuncture group and 0.61 (95% CI, 0.50-0.71) in the medication group over cycles 1-3. Conclusion: This study showed that compared to medication, acupuncture reduces the number of migraine days experienced by patients with MRM. For patients who received the acupuncture treatment over three cycles, the preventive effect of the therapy was sustained for six cycles. Clinical trial registration: [https://www.isrctn.com/ISRCTN57133712], identifier [ISRCTN15663606].

11.
Front Immunol ; 13: 970909, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36105817

RESUMO

The function and heterogeneity of neutrophils in neonatal umbilical cord blood (UCB) have not been characterized. In this study, we analyzed the neutrophils in UCB and healthy adults using single-cell RNA sequencing analysis for the first time. We found that neutrophils divided into six subpopulations (G2, G3, G4, G5a, G5b, and G5c) with different marker genes and different functions under homeostasis. Compared with healthy adults, neutrophils of UCB were more naïve and have more obvious degranulation and activation functions. Moreover, we found significant differences in the amount and function of G5b cells between healthy adults and UCB. The amount of G5b group in UCB was lower, but it has more degranulation, secretion and activation functions. In addition, we noted a new subset of G5c labeled by CD52, which almost did not exist in UCB. Besides, its differential genes were enriched in terms such as protein synthesis and mRNA transcription. Furthermore, uncharacteristic transcription factors ZNF-276, ZNF-319 and ZNF-354A were identified in our study. In summary, we first examined the heterogeneity and functional diversity of neutrophils in UCB, and these data provided new insights into the mechanism of neutrophil-mediated diseases of neonates and the wider use of neutrophils in UCB.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Neutrófilos , Adulto , Sangue Fetal , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Cordão Umbilical
12.
Front Oncol ; 12: 949951, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36059662

RESUMO

Background: Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) has been confirmed to play a crucial role in the development and progression of various cancer types. Here we evaluated the expression profiles of LncRNAs in Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) tissues and identified a novel LncRNA, termed LncRNA-AC009948.5. However, the role and potential molecular mechanisms of this novel LncRNA in LUAD carcinogenesis is unknown. Methods: Regarding the public databases and based on integrating bioinformatics analyses, we determined whether LncRNA-AC009948.5 exerts its oncogenic functions via sponging miR-186-5p in LUAD. Furthermore, we determined whether NCAPG2 was a downstream target of miR-186-5p. Moreover, the expression level and biological function of LncRNA-AC009948.5 in LUAD were determined by qRT-PCR, cell apoptosis, Edu, transwell, wound healing and western blot assays. Besides, xenograft mice were established for validation. We explored the expression of LncRNA-AC009948.5 and its roles in the prognosis of LUAD. Results: LncRNA expression microarray data indicate that LncRNA-AC009948.5 is upregulated in LUAD samples. The present study confirmed the upregulation of LncRNA-AC009948.5 in LUAD tissues and cells. Encreased expression of LncRNA-AC009948.5 was correlated with tumor size, lymph nodes, distant metastasis and histological grade, and poor prognosis.LncRNA-AC009948.5 knockdown significantly inhibited cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in vitro, as well as tumorigenesis and metastasis in vivo. Conversely, LncRNA-AC009948.5 upregulated had opposite effects. Mechanistically, we elucidated that LncRNA-AC009948.5 could directly bind to miR-186-5p and subsequently suppress expression of the target gene of NCAPG2. Conclusions: LncRNA-AC009948.5 promotes lung adenocarcinoma cells metastasis via the miR-186-5p/NCAPG2 axis and activation of the EMT process. Which may serve as potential targets for the treatment of LUAD in the future.

13.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 864312, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36061535

RESUMO

Objective: At present, there is no early prediction model of left ventricular reverse remodeling (LVRR) for people who are in cardiac arrest with an ejection fraction (EF) of ≤35% at first diagnosis; thus, the purpose of this article is to provide a supplement to existing research. Materials and methods: A total of 109 patients suffering from heart attack with an EF of ≤35% at first diagnosis were involved in this single-center research study. LVRR was defined as an absolute increase in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) from ≥10% to a final value of >35%, with analysis features including demographic characteristics, diseases, biochemical data, echocardiography, and drug therapy. Extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost), random forest, and logistic regression algorithm models were used to distinguish between LVRR and non-LVRR cases and to obtain the most important features. Results: There were 47 cases (42%) of LVRR in patients suffering from heart failure with an EF of ≤35% at first diagnosis after optimal drug therapy. General statistical analysis and machine learning methods were combined to exclude a number of significant feature groups. The median duration of disease in the LVRR group was significantly lower than that in the non-LVRR group (7 vs. 48 months); the mean values of creatine kinase (CK) and MB isoenzyme of creatine kinase (CK-MB) in the LVRR group were lower than those in the non-LVRR group (80.11 vs. 94.23 U/L; 2.61 vs. 2.99 ng/ml; 27.19 vs. 28.54 mm). Moreover, AUC values for our feature combinations ranged from 97 to 94% and to 87% when using the XGBoost, random forest, and logistic regression techniques, respectively. The ablation test revealed that beats per minute (BPM) and disease duration had a greater impact on the model's ability to accurately forecast outcomes. Conclusion: Shorter disease duration, slightly lower CK and CK-MB levels, slightly smaller right and left ventricular and left atrial dimensions, and lower mean heart rates were found to be most strongly predictive of LVRR development (BPM).

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36070274

RESUMO

It has proved that the auscultation of respiratory sound has advantage in early respiratory diagnosis. Various methods have been raised to perform automatic respiratory sound analysis to reduce subjective diagnosis and physicians' workload. However, these methods highly rely on the quality of respiratory sound database. In this work, we have developed the first open-access paediatric respiratory sound database, SPRSound. The database consists of 2,683 records and 9,089 respiratory sound events from 292 participants. Accurate label is important to achieve a good prediction for adventitious respiratory sound classification problem. A custom-made sound label annotation software (SoundAnn) has been developed to perform sound editing, sound annotation, and quality assurance evaluation. A team of 11 experienced paediatric physicians is involved in the entire process to establish golden standard reference for the dataset. To verify the robustness and accuracy of the classification model, we have investigated the effects of different feature extraction methods and machine learning classifiers on the classification performance of our dataset. As such, we have achieved a score of 75.22%, 61.57%, 56.71%, and 37.84% for the four different classification challenges at the event level and record level.

15.
Opt Lett ; 47(18): 4834-4837, 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36107102

RESUMO

Color-tunable upconversion luminescence has wide prospects for anti-counterfeiting and disease diagnosis/treatment. To date, achieving high-quality tunable red and blue emissions using a single excitation wavelength remains a formidable challenge, due to the large energy difference between the red and blue photons. In this Letter, based on Tm3+ upconversion luminescence, blue dominant and red dominant emissions are generated upon 980-nm excitations using a short and long pulse, respectively. The corresponding color tuning mechanisms are investigated based on the spectral observations. The proposed color tuning strategy is particularly useful for in vivo applications as the red and blue lights play important roles in biological imaging and drug release, respectively.


Assuntos
Luz , Luminescência , Fótons
16.
Echocardiography ; 39(9): 1252-1258, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36055800

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are differences between young and older patients diagnosed with acute aortic dissection. We aimed to explore the differences in echocardiographic and computed tomography angiography (CTA) characteristics between the young and the older patients diagnosed with acute aortic dissection. METHODS: The data from 1220 patients with aortic dissection were collected. They were divided into the young and the older groups with the age threshold set at 45 years old. The basic information and imaging data were collected and compared between the two groups. Univariate regression was used to find the risk factors for mortality in each group. RESULTS: Echocardiographic results showed the proportion of left ventricular enlargement (young vs older, 39.9% vs 26.9%, p-value <.001) and left ventricular dysfunction (22.3% vs 14.1%, p-value ​​smaller than .001) in the young group was significantly higher. Although there is no statistically significant difference in mortality within 60 days after admission (12.0% vs 15.1%, p-value equals to .164), the involvements of aortic branches were the risk factor for the mortality in the young group. For the older patients, the left ventricular remodeling detected by echocardiography (left atrial enlargement, ascending aortic dilation, aortic regurgitation) and decreased heart function were the risk factors for mortality. CONCLUSIONS: The mortality of the young and the older groups with acute aortic dissection are comparable. The involvements of aortic branches were the mortality risk factors in the young patients while the structural and functional change of the left ventricle detected by echocardiography was the mortality risk factor for the older patients.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia , Humanos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Neurosurg Rev ; 45(5): 3447-3455, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36074278

RESUMO

Recurrent trigeminal neuralgia (TN) after surgical procedures can be rather difficult to treat, and standardized treatment measures are not available yet. It is unclear whether percutaneous balloon compression (PBC) can be used as the preferred surgical treatment for postoperative recurrent TN. To determine the efficacy of PBC and identify the predictors of response of PBC for the treatment of recurrent TN following TN-related surgeries, we retrospectively collected and analyzed the data of patients with recurrent TN following surgical treatments who underwent PBC under three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) guidance at the Department of Pain Management of Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2018 to January 2022. We found, within 1 month after PBC, that the total efficacy of PBC on recurrent TN following TN-related surgeries was 86.7%. Based on the effectiveness of PBC 1 month postoperatively, patients were divided into the effective group (130, 86.7%) and the ineffective group (20, 13.3%). Fourteen (10.8%) patients in the effective group had undergone RFT before, which was significantly lower than that in the ineffective group (6, 30%, p = 0.02). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that previous RFT alone (OR = 0.20, 95%CI 0.06-0.66, P = 0.01) was an independent predictor of the negative response of PBC. Thus, PBC was found to be a moderately effective and safe treatment for recurrent TN after TN-related surgery. However, previous RFT procedures may predict a slightly worse outcome after PBC.

18.
Food Chem ; 401: 134156, 2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36099826

RESUMO

Influences of conventional thermal and innovative non-thermal extraction methods on the physicochemical characteristics and properties of pectic polysaccharides from Choerospondias axillaris peels were investigated. Results showed that ultrasound-assisted extracted polysaccharides (UP) had a heterogeneous nature with lower molecular weight (127.7 kDa) and lower neutral sugar content (35.1%) but higher contents of protein (4.8%) and phenolic compounds (5.1%) than those of polysaccharides extracted by hot water (HP). Additionally, the monosaccharide composition results showed that glucose (77.8%) was the most abundant monosaccharide in HP, while arabinose (67.1%) was the most abundant monosaccharide in UP. The ultrasound significantly induced the degradation of polysaccharide chains but reduced the thermal degradation of phenolics. Finally, we found that UP had higher apparent viscosity, interfacial, emulsifying and antioxidant activity but lower α-glucosidase inhibition activity than those of HP. The results indicated that we could obtain polysaccharides with different functional and biological properties by using different extraction methods.

19.
Front Oncol ; 12: 956236, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091149

RESUMO

A 37-year-old female patient presented with shortness of breath, cough, and chest pain complaints from the 12th week of her first pregnancy. At the 28th week, labor induction had to be performed because of severe dyspnea and hyoxemia. Thereafter, a diffused pulmonary embolism was detected by echocardiography and CT angiography, without histological diagnosis. Pulmonary endarterectomy was performed, and it was found during operation that a huge, lobular mass originated in the posterior wall and extended throughout the vasculature of both lungs, and a mucinous pellicle covered the entire pulmonary endothelium. Pathology revealed a low-grade myxofibrosarcoma with positive vimentin and SMA, partially positive CD-34.

20.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 970539, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091758

RESUMO

Aim: It has been found that the co-administration of nifedipine with apatinib could cause exposure changes of nifedipine in vivo. But, whether this pharmacokinetic drug-drug interaction (DDI) between nifedipine and apatinib could enhance the antihypertensive effect of nifedipine, causing sever changes of blood pressure was unknown. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to conduct the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) modelling to evaluate the effect of pharmacokinetic changes on the antihypertensive effect of nifedipine. Thus, the results could guide the co-administration of these two drugs in clinic. Methods: A physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model was first developed for nifedipine. The pharmacokinetic DDI between nifedipine and apatinib was evaluated. Then the verified PBPK models were linked to a PD model for investigating whether the exposure changes of nifedipine could cause severe changes in blood pressure. Furthermore, the changes in blood pressure caused by combination with apatinib were also assessed in patients with hepatic impairment via the PBPK/PD models. Results: The predicted area under plasma concentration-time profile (AUC), maximum concentration (Cmax), area under effect-time profile (AUE), and maximum reduction in systolic blood pressure (Rmax) are all within 0.5-2.0-fold of the observed data, indicating that the PBPK/PD models for nifedipine are successfully established. The increases of predicted AUC and Cmax of nifedipine in the presence of apatinib are 1.73 and 1.41-fold, respectively. Co-administration of nifedipine with apatinib could cause exposure changes of nifedipine in vivo. However, the predicted AUE and Rmax changes of nifedipine in the presence to the absence of apatinib in cancer patients as well as in patients with hepatic impairment are all within 1.25-fold. The results indicate that the exposure changes of nifedipine caused by combination of apatinib has little effect on the changes of systolic blood pressure both in cancer patients and patients with hepatic impairment. Conclusion: The pharmacokinetic changes of nifedipine caused by co-administration with apatinib has little impact on the antihypertensive effect of nifedipine. Apatinib is unlikely to cause severe pharmacodynamic DDI via inhibition of CYP3A4. It is suggested that nifedipine could be used in combination with apatinib without dose adjustment in clinic.

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