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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33934603

RESUMO

The interfacial charge transfer still limits the photoactivity of artificial Z-scheme photocatalysts although they showed complementary light absorption and a strong photoredox ability. In this study, layered metallene is designed as an efficient electron mediator for constructing a C3N4/bismuthene/BiOCl 2D/2D/2D Z-scheme system. This bismuthene serves as a bridge processing superior charge conductibility, abundant metal-semiconductor contact sites, and the shortened charge diffusion distance, enhancing the photocatalytic CO2 reduction reaction activity and stability. Density functional theory calculations show that the bismuthene creates a built-in electric field and congregates interfacial electrons, which is confirmed by the stable and consistent emission of the ultrafast transient absorption spectra. This work gives new insight into the interface design of Z-scheme photocatalysts by selecting a novel metallene electron mediator.

2.
Plant Dis ; 2021 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33881919

RESUMO

In the main wheat production area of China (The Huang Huai Plain, HHP), both Fusarium graminearum and F. asiaticum, the causal agents of Fusarium head blight (FHB), are present. We investigated whether the relative prevalence of F. graminearum and F. asiaticum is related to cropping systems and/or climate factors. A total of 1844 Fusarium isolates were obtained from 103 fields of two cropping systems: maize-wheat and rice-wheat rotations. To maximize the differences in climatic conditions, isolates were sampled from the north and south HHP region. Based on the phylogenetic analysis of EF-1α and Tri101sequences, 1207 of the 1844 isolates belonged to F. graminearum, and the remaining 637 isolates belonged to F. asiaticum. The former was predominant in the northern region: 1022 of the 1078 Fusarium isolates in the north were F. graminearum. The latter was predominant in the southern region: 581 of the 766 Fusarium isolates belonging to F. asiaticum. Analysis based on generalised linear modelling, the relative prevalence of the two species was associated more with climatic conditions than with the cropping system. Fusarium graminearum was associated with drier conditions, cooler conditions during the winter but warmer conditions in the infection and grain-colonization period, and with the maize-wheat rotation. The opposite was true for F. asiaticum. Except 15-ADON, the trichothecene chemotype composition of F. asiaticum differed between the two cropping systems. The 3-ADON was more prevalent in the maize-wheat rotation; whereas NIV more prevalent in the rice-wheat rotation. The results also suggested that environmental conditions in the overwintering period appeared to be more important than that in the infection and grain-colonization and pre-anthesis sporulation periods in affecting the relative prevalence of F. graminearum and F. asiaticum. More research is needed to study the effect of overwintering conditions on subsequent epidemic in the following spring.

3.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794635

RESUMO

Objective:To explore the predictive factors for asymptomatic airway hyperresponsiveness(AAHR) in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps(CRSwNP). Methods:A total of 76 CRSwNP patients who were hospitalized in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology of Fenyang Hospital affiliated to Shanxi Medical University from May 2016 to October 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 40 patients in AAHR group and 36 patients in non-airway hyperresponsiveness(non-airway hyperresponsiveness, NAHR) group. The clinical symptoms, CT score of paranasal sinuses, eosinophil(EOS) count in peripheral blood and nasal polyp tissue were compared and analyzed. Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of AAHR, and receiver operating characteristics curve was used to judge the predictive value of the parameters. Results:Compared with NAHR group, AAHR group had more symptoms of mouth breathing and postnasal drip, higher total score of CT in ethmoid sinus, sphenoid sinus, olfactory cleft, and more EOS count in peripheral blood and nasal polyp tissue. The differences were statistically significant. There was a positive correlation between EOS count in peripheral blood and in nasal polyp tissue(r=0.324, P<0.01). Postnasal drip, high posterior ethmoid sinus(PE) score and nasal polyp tissue EOS count were risk factors for AAHR. The predictive value of nasal polyp tissue EOS count was higher than that of PE score(AUC=0.786 and 0.685, respectively). When the PE score was ≥1.5, the sensitivity was 80.0% and the specificity was 55.6%. When the nasal polyp tissue EOS count was ≥5.67/HPF, the sensitivity was 82.5% and the specificity was 66.7%. Conclusion:The occurrence of AAHR in patients with CRSwNP was related to clinical symptoms, paranasal sinus CT score, peripheral and nasal polyp tissue EOS count. PE score and nasal polyp tissue EOS count can be used to predict AAHR, however nasal polyp tissue EOS has higher predictive value.


Assuntos
Pólipos Nasais , Seios Paranasais , Rinite , Sinusite , Doença Crônica , Eosinófilos , Humanos , Pólipos Nasais/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rinite/complicações , Sinusite/complicações
4.
J Card Surg ; 2021 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33797796

RESUMO

We report a successful transcatheter aortic valve implantation in an high-risk elderly patient with pure aortic regurgitation and type III endoleak after thoracic endovascular aortic repair.

5.
Micron ; 144: 103035, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33662806

RESUMO

The filtration properties of nonwoven fabrics mainly depend on the fiber structure and alignment, which is difficult to be determined by using traditional methods. It is necessary to develop some new imaging method to characterize the 3D microstructure of nonwovens instead of simple 2D imaging of fabric surface appearance. In this paper, a novel method based on depth from focus is introduced to reconstruct three-dimensional microstructure of nonwoven fabrics. Firstly, a self-developed micro imaging system is established to capture the image sequence of the nonwoven fabric specimen, to be used for further reconstruction of a 3D model. Secondly, a depth from focus algorithm is developed to generate the depth map from image sequences. Thirdly, each fiber segment is located and identified by regional growth and the missing parts caused by occlusion could be restored. Fourthly, central the axis of the fiber is extracted by a thinning algorithm and polynomial curve fitting. Finally, the fiber radius is calculated and 3D model reconstructed using a ball whose sphere center rolls along the central axis. Our experimental results show that the real three-dimensional microstructure of nonwovens can be reconstructed well by using this new depth from focus method, which is very useful for the accurate modeling and analysis of nonwoven fabrics.

6.
Poult Sci ; 100(4): 101031, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33684648

RESUMO

The abuse of antibiotic growth promoters (AGPs) in feed has led to drug resistance and ecological damage would threaten human health eventually. Natural plants have become a hotspot in the research and application of substituting AGPs because of their advantages of safety, efficiency, and availability. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of Macleaya cordata extract (MCE) in the diet of Xuefeng black-bone chicken on laying performance, egg quality, and serum indices. In this study, 576 birds (47-week-old) were evenly distributed between 4 treatments with 6 replicates of 24 hens each. The control group was fed a basal diet without MCE and the remaining groups received 100, 150, or 200 mg/kg MCE for 84 d. Results revealed that the strength and thickness of the eggshell increased significantly with the dietary addition of MCE (P < 0.05). The serum concentrations of glutathione peroxidase increased in the MCE groups (P < 0.01). Simultaneously, progesterone, follicle stimulating hormone, estradiol as well as serum luteinizing hormone levels also increased with the addition of MCE (P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, supplementation of MCE significantly decreased the tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 levels (P < 0.01). In summary, it was concluded that diet addition of 200 mg/kg MCE ameliorated egg quality, enhanced anti-oxidation and immune activity, and regulated hormone secretion of Xuefeng black-bone chicken.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33738849

RESUMO

Programmed cell death (PCD) is a basic component of life and an important terminal path for cells. A variety of biological events are associated with PCD, including the conservation of tissue homeostasis and removal of harmful cells. Overexposure of the skin to UV radiation causes skin photodamage. Keratinocytes are the first line of defence against ultraviolet radiation. During UV radiation, the keratinocyte can undergo four modes of PCD: apoptosis, pyroptosis, necroptosis and autophagy. The molecular mechanisms of these four modes of PCD have been widely studied as potential therapeutic targets for the prevention of UV-induced skin inflammation, ageing and skin cancer. In this review, we summarize the role of keratinocyte PCD in the pathogenesis of UV-induced skin photodamage. This article will provide new research directions for the design of intervention strategies for the treatment and prevention of skin photodamage.

8.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 180: 113138, 2021 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33706159

RESUMO

Design and application of stimulus-responsive microgels is still in its infancy but is an exhilarating topic in controllable sensing device. Here, we have fabricated a dual-responsive platform capable of both sensitive on-spot fluorescence analysis and reliable surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) quantification of water and temperature by in-situ encapsulating 4,4'-dimercaptoazobenzene (DMAB), meso-formyl-1,3,5,7-tetramethyl pyrromethene fluoroborate (FPF) probe and Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs) into polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) microgels. The smart microgels exhibit ultra-sensitive (detection limit 10-4% v/v) and reversible response towards water due to the liner relationship between network volume and SERS performance of the microgels. Furthermore, the presence of water triggers the conversion of FPF to aldehyde hydrate, facilitating visual assay of trace water in matrix samples through the enhanced fluorescence signals. Interestingly, the SERS signals can be precisely tuned by the thermo-sensitive microgels substrate, thus achieving the temperature monitoring from 32 to 50 °C. The microgels-based sensor has fast-response (2 min), excellent stability, and enables accurate and reliable response of water in organic solvent and pharmaceutical products. As a smart and flexible sensor, the hybrid microgels will facilitate the field of POC analysis, as well as molecular recognition in the future.

9.
Theranostics ; 11(7): 3489-3501, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33537099

RESUMO

The rapid development and remarkable success of checkpoint inhibitors have provided significant breakthroughs in cancer treatment, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, only 15-20% of HCC patients can benefit from checkpoint inhibitors. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are responsible for recurrence, metastasis, and local and systemic therapy resistance in HCC. Accumulating evidence has suggested that HCC CSCs can create an immunosuppressive microenvironment through certain intrinsic and extrinsic mechanisms, resulting in immune evasion. Intrinsic evasion mechanisms mainly include activation of immune-related CSC signaling pathways, low-level expression of antigen presenting molecules, and high-level expression of immunosuppressive molecules. External evasion mechanisms are mainly related to HBV/HCV infection, alcoholic/nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, hypoxia stimulation, abnormal angiogenesis, and crosstalk between CSCs and immune cells. A better understanding of the complex mechanisms of CSCs involved in immune evasion will contribute to therapies for HCC. Here we will outline the detailed mechanisms of immune evasion for CSCs, and provide an overview of the current immunotherapies targeting CSCs in HCC.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33590971

RESUMO

The hierarchical aggregation of molecular nanostructures from multiple components is a grand synthetic challenge, which requires highly selective linkage control. We demonstrate how two orthogonal linkage groups, that is, organotin and lanthanide cations, can be used to drive the aggregation of a giant molecular metal oxide superstructure. The title compound {[(Sn(CH3 )2 )2 O]4 {[CeW5 O18 ] [TeW4 O16 ][CeSn(CH3 )2 ]4 [TeW8 O31 ]4 }2 }46- (1 a) features dimensions of ca. 2.2×2.3×3.4 nm3 and a molecular weight of ca. 25 kDa. Structural analysis shows the hierarchical aggregation from several independent subunits. Initial biomedical tests show that 1 features an inhibitory effect on the proliferation of HeLa cells based on an apoptosis pathway. In vivo experiments in mice reveal the antiproliferative activity of 1 and open new paths for further development of this new compound class.

11.
Endokrynol Pol ; 2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33619712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We designed five convolutional neural network (CNN) models and ensemble models to differentiate malignant and benign thyroid nodules on CT and compared the diagnostic performance of CNN models with that of radiologists. METHODS: We retrospectively included CT images of 880 patients with 986 thyroid nodules confirmed by surgical pathology between July 2017 and December 2019. Two radiologists retrospectively diagnosed benign and malignant thyroid nodules on CT images in a test set. Five CNNs (ResNet50, DenseNet121, DenseNet169, SE-ResNeXt50, and Xception) were trained-validated and tested using 788 and 198 thyroid nodule CT images respectively. Then, we selected three models with better diagnostic performances on the test set for the model ensemble. We then compared the diagnostic performance of two radiologists with five CNN models and the integrated model. RESULTS: Of the 986 thyroid nodules, 541 were malignant, and 445 were benign. The area under the curves (AUCs) for diagnosing thyroid malignancy was 0.587-0.754 for two radiologists. The AUCs for diagnosing thyroid malignancy for the five CNN models and ensemble model was 0.901-0.947. There were significant differences in AUC between the radiologists' models and the CNN models (P < 0.05). The ensemble model had the highest AUC value. CONCLUSIONS: Five CNN models and an ensemble model performed better than radiologists in distinguishing malignant thyroid nodules from benign nodules on CT. The diagnostic performance of the ensemble model improved and showed good potential.

12.
Bioorg Chem ; 108: 104585, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33508676

RESUMO

In this work, a series of diaryl benzo[b][1,4]thiazepine derivatives D1-D36 were synthesized and screened as tubulin polymerization inhibitors with anti-tumor potency. They were designed by introducing the seven-member ring benzothiazepine as the linker for CA-4 modification for the first time. Among them, the hit compound D8 showed potential on inhibiting the growth of several cancer cell lines (IC50 values: 1.48 µM for HeLa, 1.47 µM for MCF-7, 1.52 µM for HT29 and 1.94 µM for A549), being comparable with the positive controls Colchicine and CA-4P. The calculated IC50 value of D8 as an tubulin polymerization inhibitor was 1.20 µM. The results of the flow cytometry assay revealed that D8 could induce the mitotic catastrophe and the death of living cancer cells. D8 also indicated the anti-vascular activity. The possible binding pattern was implied by docking simulation, inferring the possibility of introducing interactions with the nearby tubulin chain. Since the novel structural trial has been conducted with preliminary discussion, this work might stimulate new ideas in further modification of tubulin-related anti-cancer agents and therapeutic approaches.

13.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 176: 112931, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33385804

RESUMO

As the urgent need for rapid detection of airborne microbes in a specific environment, a biochip which was integrated with the functions of enrichment and detection was designed and developed. It was composed of cover plate, copper microelectrodes modified with poly-dopamine-co-chitosan (PDA-co-CS) composite gel, sealing washer and substrate containing copper sheet electrode. The microbes were enriched due to the good ventilation efficiency and adhesion of the PDA-co-CS composite gel. The enrichment efficiency of microbes was 99.9%. The electrical impedance spectrum (EIS) test system which was composed of the copper electrodes and the copper sheet electrode were used to detect the concentrated microbes and establish the quantitative detection method of single microbe (S. aureus ATCC 6538) and mixed microbes (S. aureus ATCC 6538, E. coli JM109, and Candida albicans). It was shown that the biochip could respond to the aerosol with 1.26 × 103 cfu/m3S. aureus ATCC 6538, which was 25 times as high as the detection limit of natural deposition method. Meanwhile, the Surface-enhanced Raman Spectrum (SERS) of different microbes were detected in-situ with the help of the silver sol. The SERS data of S. aureus, E. coli and Candida albicans had been analyzed to establish recognition model by the principal component analysis (PCA) method and the three microbes were successfully identified. It was demonstrated that the designed biochip could be applied for separation, enrichment and detection of microbes in the aerosol.

14.
Cortex ; 134: 307-319, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33333361

RESUMO

Deficits in episodic memory are commonplace in dementia, yet mounting evidence indicates pervasive impairments in future-oriented thinking in these syndromes. How such impairments manifest in the daily lives of people with dementia remain unclear, as do their neural bases. This study aimed to determine the neurocognitive mechanisms of past- and future-oriented memory performance across a large sample of dementia syndromes, each of which is characterised by distinct clinical and cognitive profiles. Carer-rated memory changes in everyday life in Alzheimer's disease, behavioural-variant frontotemporal dementia, semantic dementia, progressive non-fluent aphasia, and logopenic progressive aphasia were assessed using the Prospective and Retrospective Memory Questionnaire (PRM-Q). Participants underwent neuropsychological testing and whole-brain structural MRI. Relative to Controls, past- and future-oriented memory were compromised exclusively in AD and bvFTD, with no impairments reported for the other groups. For AD, atrophy in a distributed network of prefrontal, lateral and medial temporal regions including the hippocampus, correlated with past- and future-oriented memory impairments. In contrast, lateral and medial prefrontal regions correlated with past- and future-oriented memory difficulties in bvFTD. Notably, the orbitofrontal cortex emerged as a common neural substrate implicated in memory disturbances across the AD and bvFTD groups. This study confirms the presence of episodic amnesia in bvFTD across a host of everyday activities, mirroring the profile typically observed in AD. Of note, the orbitofrontal cortex emerged as a common region implicated in past- and future-oriented memory deficits in both patient groups, underscoring a critical role for prefrontal regions in supporting complex aspects of memory function in everyday life.

15.
Food Chem ; 337: 127990, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32919272

RESUMO

A very practical and competitive sensing strategy for the detection of azodicarbonamide in flour samples was developed by using label-free Ag NPs as a colorimetric probe. Well-dispersed Ag NPs in suspension can form aggregates upon reacting with glutathione (GSH) via Ag-SH covalent bonds and electrostatic attraction, with the color changing from bright yellow to red. However, azodicarbonamide can oxidize the -SH of GSH, preventing the aggregation of Ag NPs. Under the optimum conditions, the A550/A398 of Ag NPs is linearly related to the concentration of azodicarbonamide in the range of 0.33 µM to 1.7 µM. The proposed method can be used for the detection of azodicarbonamide in flour, with a detection limit of 0.09 µM and recovery between 95% and 97.4% (RSD < 6%). When the azodicarbonamide concentration reaches 0.33 µM, the color change can be detected by the naked eye.


Assuntos
Compostos Azo/análise , Colorimetria/métodos , Farinha/análise , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Cor , Aditivos Alimentares/análise , Análise de Alimentos/instrumentação , Glutationa/química , Prata/química
16.
Talanta ; 222: 121679, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33167285

RESUMO

The identification of new biomarkers (e.g., metabolic biomarkers) will facilitate not only the diagnosis of stroke but also the differentiation of stroke subtypes, especially the discrimination of ischaemic stroke from intracerebral hemorrhage. Herein, we develop for the first time an ultra-high-pressure liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS)-based targeted metabolomic method to screen the metabolic biomarkers of stroke and identify the fatty acid metabolite 20-hydroxy-leukotriene B4 (20-OH-LTB4) and its key enzyme cytochrome P450 family 4 subfamily F member 2 (CYP4F2) as the potential biomarkers for differentiating healthy persons, acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients, and intracerebral hemorrhage stroke (ICH) patients. We evaluated 158 fatty acids and their metabolites in 177 serum samples obtained from 65 healthy volunteers, 70 AIS patients and 42 ICH patients, and identified the potential biomarkers associated with ICH by using multivariate statistical analysis. We found that 20-OH-LTB4 and arachidonic acid can be used to discriminate ICH patients from healthy individuals, and 20-OH-LTB4 and 17, 18-epoxy-eicosatetraenoic acid (7,18-EpETE) can be used to differentiate the subtypes of ICH and AIS. Especially, 20-OH-LTB4 may function as a potential biomarker for ICH diagnosis and risk assessment, and it can discriminate ICH patients from healthy individuals and AIS patients. Moreover, we identified CYP4F2 protein as a potential biomarker of ICH for prevention and treatment assessment. This method may provide a powerful platform for ICH diagnosis, prevention, and treatment assessment.

17.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(23)2020 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33255929

RESUMO

Cyclic response and fatigue behavior are sensitive to the microstructure of material induced by heat treatment. In this paper, three sets of high-temperature superalloy Inconel 718 with different heat treatment, namely annealed, aged, and directly aged high quality (DAHQ), are compared. Difference in grain size distribution, phase, and precipitate, etc., were investigated using an optical camera and scanning electron microscopy. Yield and ultimate strength were found to increase obviously after aging heat treatment. Self-heating phenomenon at 20 kHz was attenuated as grain size decreased. There was a transition from cyclic hardening to softening. Very-high cycle fatigue (VHCF) behavior of Inconel 718 was tested using an ultrasonic fatigue device. Crack initiation duration occupied greater than 99% of the total fatigue life. It concluded that average grain size influences VHCF strength and crack initiation mechanism, and that self-heating phenomenon is not a decisive factor on VHCF strength for Inconel 718.

18.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2020 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33268823

RESUMO

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) homeostasis is regulated by ER-resident E3 ubiquitin ligase Hrd1, which has been implicated in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Ginsenoside Rb1 (GRb1) is the major ginsenoside in ginseng with multiple pharmacological activities. In this study we investigated the role of Hrd1 in IBD and its regulation by GRb1. Two mouse colitis models were established to mimic human IBD: drinking water containing dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) as well as intra-colonic infusion of 2, 4, 6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS). Colitis mice were treated with GRb1 (20, 40 mg·kg-1·d-1, ig) or a positive control drug sulfasalazine (500 mg·kg-1·d-1, ig) for 7 days. The model mice showed typical colitis symptoms and pathological changes in colon tissue. In addition to significant inflammatory responses and cell apoptosis in colon tissue, colon epithelial expression of Hrd1 was significantly decreased, the expression of ER stress markers GRP78, PERK, CHOP, and caspase 12 was increased, and the expression of Fas was increased (Fas was removed by Hrd1-induced ubiquitination). These changes were partially, or completely, reversed by GRb1 administration, whereas injection of Hrd1 inhibitor LS102 (50 mg·kg-1· d-1, ip, for 6 days) exacerbated colitis symptoms in colitis mice. GRb1 administration not only normalized Hrd1 expression at both the mRNA and protein levels, but also alleviated the ER stress response, Fas-related apoptosis, and other colitis symptoms. In intestinal cell line IEC-6, the expression of Hrd1 was significantly decreased by LPS treatment, but was normalized by GRb1 (200 µM). GRb1 alleviated LPS-induced ER stress and cell apoptosis in IEC-6 cells, and GRb1 action was inhibited by knockdown of Hrd1 using small interfering RNA. In summary, these results reveal a pathological role of Hrd1 in colitis, and provide a novel insight into alternative treatment of colitis using GRb1 activating Hrd1 signaling pathway.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33202146

RESUMO

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a critical condition with high mortality. High mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1) is one of the key proinflammatory factors in the ARDS "inflammatory storm". According to previous studies, some miRNAs play important roles in this process. We aimed to determine the contributing miRNAs targeting the expression and release of HMGB1. MiRNA expression in the peripheral blood of patients with ARDS was measured by microRNA microarray. MiRNAs targeting HMGB1 was screened and explored for further study. In LPS-induced cell and mouse ARDS models, we explored the effect of this miRNA on the expression and secretion of HMGB1 by western blot (WB), real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The effects of this miRNA on the nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway, proinflammatory cytokines and nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome were detected by WB and RT-qPCR. In ARDS models, MiR-574-5p expression could be induced by the TLR4/NF-κB pathway upon LPS stimulation. It could suppress the inflammatory response by targeting HMGB1. Enforced the expression of miR-574-5p or HMGB1 siRNA silencing inhibits the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway and the NLRP3 inflammasome. Moreover, overexpression of HMGB1 reversed the anti-inflammatory effect of miR-574-5p. In ARDS mice, overexpression of miR-574-5p suppresses the alveolar leukocytes infiltration, interstitial edema, protein effusion and inflammation. This study demonstrated that miR-574-5p provided negative feedback to LPS-induced inflammation and relieved ARDS. It may provide new therapeutic strategies for ARDS.

20.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 75: e1857, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33206753

RESUMO

Here we used a meta-analysis of several clinical trials to determine whether anti-Helicobacter pylori therapy has any positive effect on IBS patients. Here we compared the effective clinical remission rates between IBS patients treated with anti-H. pylori therapy and those who were not. This data would provide more clinical evidence regarding the efficacy of novel treatments and intervention points for IBS patients. Relevant studies were identified using keyword searches on various electronic databases, including PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CNKI, and CBM. Keywords included "helicobacter pylori" and "irritable bowel syndrome" among others. The literature was screened using relatively strict inclusion and exclusion criteria and RevMan 5.3.5 and Stata 15.1 software were used for meta-analysis and to assess publication bias and sensitivity. A total of ten studies met all of the inclusion criteria; these included 655 IBS patients with H. pylori infection, of these, 385 patients were in the experimental group and 270 patients were in the control group. A random-effects model was used to pool the odds ratios (ORs) with a 95% confidence interval (CIs) and the combined OR was 2.87 (95% CI: 1.74-4.72), p<0.0001. These findings suggest that anti-H. pylori therapy can effectively improve the remission rates of H. pylori-positive IBS patients. H. pylori infection is known to correlate with the incidence of IBS. Anti-H. pylori treatment can effectively improve the clinical remission rates of IBS patients. Whether this means that IBS patients should be actively treated with anti-H. pylori compounds as a novel strategy to improve the remission rates needs to be evaluated in vivo.

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