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1.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 34(1): 69-82, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392921

RESUMO

Baicalin has been used in China to treat inflammation-related diseases, such as inflammation-induced acute kidney injury (AKI). However, the specific mechanism of baicalin remains unclear. To observe the protective effects of baicalin on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory injury of renal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2 cells) and to explore its protective mechanism. LPS (1 mg/L) was used to induce an HK-2 cell inflammatory injury model in vitro. The cells were divided into seven groups: the normal control group, LPS-induced group, LPS plus 5 µmol/L baicalin treatment group, LPS plus 15 µmol/L baicalin treatment group, LPS plus 25 µmol/L baicalin treatment group, LPS plus 50 µmol/L baicalin treatment group, and LPS plus 75 µmol/L baicalin treatment group. 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5- diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was employed for detecting the relative survival rate of HK-2 cells. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used for detecting the levels of inflammatory factors, including interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-1ß, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). Moreover, the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS); cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2); nuclear factor kB65 (NF-κB65); phosphorylated NF-κB inhibitory protein-α (p-IκB-α); NF-κB inhibitory protein (IκB); human thioredoxin interacting protein (TXNIP); and human NACHT, LRR, and PYD domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) were determined by Western blot analysis. The expression levels of NLRP3 and TXNIP mRNA and miR-223-3p were determined by RT-PCR. Results found that the relative survival rate of HK-2 cells treated with different baicalin concentrations was significantly increased (P<0.05) and the levels of the inflammatory factors IL-6, IL-1ß, and TNF-α were significantly decreased (P<0.05) compared with those of the LPS-induced group. The expression levels of the inflammatory proteins inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2 and the genes expressions of TXNIP and NLRP3 were significantly decreased in the cells (P<0.05), while the expression level of miR-223- 3p was significantly increased (P<0.05). These changes were induced in a dose-dependent manner. The results suggest that baicalin significantly inhibited the expression of inflammation-related proteins and alleviated LPS-induced inflammatory injury in HK-2 cells. The mechanism may be associated with the inhibition of activation of the TXNIP/NLRP3 inflammatory pathway, which might be mediated by increased expression of miR-223-3p. Thus, NLRP3 is a regulatory target of miR-223-3p.

2.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(5): 353-356, 2020 May 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392980

RESUMO

Nitric oxide (NO) is a short-lived free radical which is not only involved in regulating many physiological processes of the body, but also closely related to many diseases. Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) is the key enzyme for NO production. NOS exists as three distinct isoforms, the endothelial NOS (eNOS), neuronal NOS (nNOS) and inducible NOS (iNOS). It has been found that nNOS and eNOS were expressed in normal pulp tissues, periodontal tissues and salivary glands, and the NO produced from nNOS and eNOS was involved in their physiological functions. NO and iNOS are involved in the occurrence and development of pulpitis, periodontitis, salivary gland disease and oral cancer. This review focuses on the physiological and pathological effects of NO and different subtypes of NOS in oral cavity.

4.
J Dent Res ; : 22034520917058, 2020 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32401565

RESUMO

Cell-cell adhesion is a key mechanism to control tissue integrity and migration. In head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), cell migration facilitates distant metastases and is correlated with poor prognosis. RAP1, a ras-like protein, has an important role in the progression of HNSCC. RAC1 is an integrin-linked, ras-like protein that promotes cell migration. Here we show that loss of cell-cell adhesion is correlated with inactivation of RAP1 confirmed by 2 different biochemical approaches. RAP1 activation is required for cell-matrix adhesion confirmed by adhesion to fibronectin-coated plates with cells that have biochemically activated RAP1. This effect is reversed when RAP1 is inactivated. In addition, RAP1GTP-mediated adhesion is only facilitated through α5ß1 integrin complex and is not a function of either α5 or ß1 integrin alone. Moreover, the inside-out signaling of RAP1 activation is coordinated with RAC1 activation. These findings show that RAP1 has a prominent role in cell-matrix adhesion via extracellular matrix molecule fibronectin-induced α5ß1 integrin and supports a critical role for the RAP1/RAC1 signaling axis in HNSCC cell migration.

5.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(0): E025, 2020 Apr 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32253891

RESUMO

As a newly epidemic, COVID-19 with a concentrated outbreak poses a great challenge to medical treatment. The severe and critical patients are complex complicatied with the psychological problems, and the medical staff are overworked and under tremendous psychological pressure. The surgeon participated in emergency medical rescue could provide professional treatment for the patients combined with surgical diseases, specialized training for the non-surgeon crew, to reduce surgical-related mortality. With the advantages of good team consciousness, strong aseptic concept and good psychological quality, the surgeons can quickly adapt to and carry out rescue work under the premise of good self-protection. Surgeons need to develop critical care management concepts and focus on the critical care support equipment associated with the outbreak. Some suggestions are put forward for the standardized training of resident surgeons to cultivate compound talents. It is hoped that this artical can lead to the thinking of how to participate in the emergency medical rescue of infectious diseases among surgeons and provide some enlightenment for future surgical education.

7.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 24(4): 404-411, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32242208

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: With the acceleration of the process of aging population, to enjoy a higher health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is the goal of the elderly population and public health. Studies on relationship between HRQoL and lipid profile through a large sample of representative elderly population are scare. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to firstly explore the relationships of lipid profile with HRQoL in Chinese centenarian population. PARTICIPANTS: A complete sample of 1002 participants aged over 100 years from Hainan province were recruited in the current study. MAIN MEASURE: Questionnaire investigation, physical examination and blood specimen collection were carried out by family survey. The EuroQol-5 Dimensions(EQ-5D, and EQ-VAS were used to assess HRQoL. RESULTS: In multivariate linear regression analyses, a significant association was found between EQ-5D and lipid profile, including total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and similar association was also existed between EQ-VAS and TC, LDL-C HDL-C, after adjustment. The score of EQ-5D and EQ-VAS in male centenarian was higher than that of the female centenarian. CONCLUSION: Lipid profile was positively associated with the HRQoL in Chinese centenarians.

8.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(0): E008, 2020 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32268455

RESUMO

The burn microbiology laboratory of the author's unit is a second-level biosafety laboratory, which is mainly responsible for handling clinical microbial samples from our department and other departments in the hospital. Since the outbreak of the coronavirus disease 2019, in order to ensure the normal development of daily work and the safety of medical staff, the microbiology laboratory has actively adjusted the daily work flow. The specific work flow is summarized as follows to provide reference for the safety protection of peer in clinical microbiology laboratory.

10.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 36(1): 66-68, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32250081

RESUMO

Abstract: Objective To discuss the types, number and diagnostic methods of traumatic tooth fracture in order to provide reference for forensic clinical identification. Methods The 41 cases accepted by Judicial Appraisal Center of Gansu University of Political Science and Law from January 2015 to December 2017, were analyzed by descriptive statistics according to information such as the basic situation, injury manner, type and number of tooth fracture, diagnostic method and expert opinion. Results The 41 cases included 31 males and 10 females. Tooth fracture occurred mainly on the maxillary anterior teeth. The main injury manner of traumatic tooth fracture was collision injury. CT scan improved the accuracy of diagnosis. Conclusion There are gender differences in tooth fracture cases. The part of fracture is related to tooth anatomical characteristics. CT scan can be a priority in tooth fracture diagnosis. Forensic analysis of traumatic tooth fracture should comprehensively consider the types and number of tooth fracture, and define the relationship between tooth fracture and the injury.


Assuntos
Fraturas dos Dentes , Prova Pericial , Feminino , Medicina Legal , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
11.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(7): 3492-3500, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32329822

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) promote bone tissue repair. MiR-1 regulates myogenic and osteogenic differentiation of human adipose tissue stem cells. However, miR-1's effect on BMSCs osteogenesis is unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rat BMSCs were isolated and divided into control group, miR-1 group, and si-miR-1 group respectively transfected with miR-1 plasmid and miR-1 siRNA followed by analysis of cell proliferation by MTT assay and Caspase 3 activity. The expression of osteogenic genes Runx2 and OPN was measured by Real Time-PCR. Healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats were separated into fracture group, NC group, and si-miR-1 group followed by analysis of bone mineral density, miR-1 level by Real Time-PCR, type I collagen, and BMP-2 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and TLR1 expression by Western blot. RESULTS: Transfection of miR-1 siRNA into BMSCs significantly downregulated miR-1 expression, promoted BMSCs cell proliferation, inhibited Caspase 3 activity, as well as promoted osteogenic genes Runx2 and OPN expression and decreased TLR1 expression (p<0.05). The upregulation of miR-1 expression significantly reversed the above changes. TLR1 is a target of miR-1. Downregulation of miR-1 expression in BMSCs of fractured rats significantly increased bone density and ALP activity, promoted type I collagen and BMP-2 expression, and decreased TLR1 expression (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The downregulation of miR-1 promotes BMSCs osteogenic differentiation via targeting TLR1, which promotes osteogenic differentiation and bone healing.

12.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(0): E053, 2020 Apr 27.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32340091

RESUMO

Objective: By describing and analyzing the epidemic characteristics and trends of the attack rate, the crude mortality and relevant indexes in Hubei province during the pandemic of COVID-19 to provide comprehensive evaluations of the epidemic trends and the effects of intervention measures. Methods: Based on the case data reported in Hubei province during the COVID-19 epidemic, combined with the important time of major interventions and event, the cumulative attack rate, the sequential increase rate of new cases, baseline increase rate of new cases, the observation- confirmed case conversion rate, the cumulative crude mortality, the daily severe case rate, and the ratio of death to severe were used to describe and analyze the epidemic characteristics in different phases of the COVID-19 epidemic. Results: The epidemic experienced an outbreak phase from January 10 to February 3 with large amount of case reported, a peak phase from February 4 to February 19 with continuous increasing number of new cases and deaths, a platform phase from February 20 to March 3 with balanced diagnosis and treatment number, and a descending phase from March 4 to March 18 with decreased diagnosis and increased treatment number. Up to March 18, the cumulative attack rate of the COVID-19 epidemic in Hubei province increased from 0.03/10 000 on January 19 to 11.46/10 000, from 0.04/10 000 on January 10 to 45.13/10 000 in Wuhan city, and from 0.002/ 10 000 on January 20 to 3.70/ 10 000 in other areas of Hubei province other than Wuhan city. The increase rate of new cases fluctuated during the epidemic period and reached the highest at February 12 in Hubei province. The cumulative crude mortality in Hubei Province increased rapidly from 1.01% on January 19 to 5.13% on January 26, then decreased to 2.54% on February 13, and then slowly increased to 4.62% on March 18, and similar trend was also observed in Wuhan city. The daily severe rate in Hubei Province increased from 26.88% on January 27 to 34.27% on March 18. The ratio of death to severe decreased from 7.37% on January 23 to 0.35% on March 18. Conclusions: The epidemic cycle of COVID-19 in Hubei province proposed to be 60 days, which was about 1.76 times of the combination of the longest incubation period or isolation period (14 d) and the average hospitalization time of confirmed patients in Hubei province (20 d). It suggested that the major anti-epidemic decisions made in China were effective.

13.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(4): 260-266, 2020 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32340415

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the mechanism of 14-3-3σgene in regulating inflammatory response of human pulmonary epithelial cells induced by endotoxin/lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Methods: (1) Cells of human normal pulmonary epithelial cell line BEAS-2B cultured in logarithmic growth period were collected and divided into control group and PCMV6-14-3-3σgroup using the random number table, with 3 wells in each group. Cells in control group were transfected with empty plasmid, and cells in PCMV6-14-3-3σgroup were transfected with PCMV6-14-3-3σplasmid. The protein expression of 14-3-3σin cell was detected by Western blotting at 48 hours after transfection. (2) Cells of human normal pulmonary epithelial cell line BEAS-2B cultured in logarithmic growth period were collected and divided into control group, PCMV6-14-3-3σgroup, PCMV6-14-3-3σ+ LPS group, and LPS group using the random number table, with 3 wells in each group. Cells in control group were transfected with empty plasmid for 42 hours. Cells in PCMV6-14-3-3σgroup were transfected with PCMV6-14-3-3σplasmid for 42 hours. Cells in PCMV6-14-3-3σ+ LPS group were stimulated with 1 µg/mL LPS (the same final mass concentration below) for 6 hours after being transfected with PCMV6-14-3-3σplasmid for 42 hours. Cells in LPS group were stimulated by LPS for 6 hours. The protein expressions of Bax and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) were detected by Western blotting, and the ratio of Bax to Bcl-2 was calculated. Apoptotic rate was detected by flow cytometry. The mRNA expressions of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin 1beta (IL-1ß) in cells were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction technique. Content of TNF-α and IL-1ß in cell culture supernatant was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Data were statistically analyzed with t test, one-way analysis of variance, and least significant difference test. Results: (1) At 48 hours after transfection, the protein expression of 14-3-3σin cells of PCMV6-14-3-3σgroup (1.05±0.03) was significantly higher than that in control group (0.78±0.04, t=5.41, P<0.01). (2) Compared with those in control group, the ratio of Bax to Bcl-2, apoptotic rate, mRNA expressions of TNF-α and IL-1ß, and content of TNF-α and IL-1ß in cell supernatant in PCMV6-14-3-3σgroup showed no significant difference (P>0.05); the above-mentioned indexes of cells in LPS group were significantly higher or increased (P<0.01). Compared with those in LPS group, the above-mentioned indexes of cells in PCMV6-14-3-3σ+ LPS group were significantly lower or decreased (P<0.01). Conclusions: 14-3-3σis a key factor in regulating apoptosis. It can alleviate the LPS-induced inflammatory responses by regulating the ratio of apoptotic regulators Bax to Bcl-2 and inhibiting apoptosis of human pulmonary epithelial cells.

14.
Osteoporos Int ; 2020 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32346773

RESUMO

Caution is necessary when using symptom or physical examination findings to localize the osteoporotic vertebral fractures (VFs) attributable to the discrepant colocalized relationship. INTRODUCTION: Whether the location of symptoms or physical examination findings delineates the appropriate spinal range for imaging has not been thoroughly investigated for VFs. The present study aims to analyze the consistency between the fractural vertebrae location and the location suggested by patient-reported pain or physical examination findings. METHODS: This observational study, following a prospective design, enrolled 358 patients with VFs. The locations of two symptoms (patient-reported back pain [P-RBP], radiating pain [RP]) and findings from two physical examinations (spinal palpation tenderness [SPT], axial spinal percussion pain [ASPP]) were used to locate the VF segments identified using whole-spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The percentage of agreements and kappa coefficient were calculated. RESULTS: In 20.7% (74/358), the P-RBP site and VF segments were in the same location (kappa = 0.153); 21.2% (76/358) presented with concomitant RP in 93.4% (71/76) of whom the RP dermatome was colocalized with the VF segments (kappa = 0.924); 55.0% (197/358) and 23.2% (83/358) of patients presented with positive SPT and ASPP, respectively; and in 49.2% (97/197) and 96.4% (80/83) of patients with positive SPT (kappa = 0.435) and ASPP (kappa = 0.963), the positive finding and the VF segments were consistently colocalized. CONCLUSIONS: The positive finding of RP or ASPP is useful in determining the spinal range for imaging tests, while an MRI scan covering the whole thoracic and lumbar spine is necessary in VF-suspected patients with P-RBP or positive SPT, indicating that caution is necessary when using symptoms or physical examination findings to localize VFs.

15.
16.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32198716

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim was to examine changes in the bone-derived hormone lipocalin 2 (LCN2) levels in patients with active acromegaly and to investigate the potential roles of LCN2 and osteocalcin in glucose metabolism. METHODS: We recruited 50 consecutive acromegalic patients. Of those, 39 patients with complete postoperative follow-up data were included. Thirty sex-, age-, and BMI-matched healthy individuals were recruited as normal controls. The pre- and postoperative serum LCN2 and osteocalcin levels were compared. The homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index and secretion [ß-cell function (HOMA-ß)] were calculated. RESULTS: Compared with controls, acromegalic subjects had lower LCN2 levels (34.15 ± 9.95 vs 57.50 ± 29.75 ng/mL, P < 0.01) and higher osteocalcin levels (55.45 ± 34.02 vs 19.46 ± 6.69 ng/mL, P < 0.01). Acromegalic patients also had elevated HOMA-IR levels, and the HOMA-ß and the area under the curve for insulin (AUC INS) levels were slightly but nonsignificantly increased. The serum levels of LCN2 significantly increased after surgery (37.03 ± 9.73 vs 45.15 ± 15.33 ng/mL, P < 0.05), and those of osteocalcin significantly decreased [43.51 (26.73-65.66) vs 24.79 (18.39-32.59) ng/mL, P < 0.01]. Total lean mass was the only positive predictor of LCN2, and elevated serum IGF-I was a positive predictor of osteocalcin. Low LCN2 and elevated serum osteocalcin levels were predictors of the AUC INS, and osteocalcin was a positive predictor of HOMA-ß. CONCLUSION: The bone-derived hormones, osteocalcin and LCN2 changed significantly in active acromegaly, were altered after treatment and served as predictors of ß-cell function in acromegaly. This study shows that the bone could be involved in regulating glucose metabolism in acromegaly.

17.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 43(0): E039, 2020 Mar 21.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32198915

RESUMO

In December 2019, a new type of coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) emerged in Wuhan, Hubei, and spread rapidly to China and over 100 countries around the world. The lung injury and repair caused by COVID-19 has many similarities with the onset and progression of interstitial lung disease (ILD) . Therefore, it is difficult to distinguish between COVID-19 and some types of new-onset ILD or other causes leading to acute exacerbation of ILD. Clinicians need to comprehensively analyze the epidemic history, disease onset characteristics, clinical manifestations, image characteristics, serological andpathogenic microorganism test results to confirm diagnosis. Because of this, the article will discuss the issues related to the differential diagnosis and management of COVID-19 and ILD, and try to provide reasonable suggestions.

18.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(5): 2719-2724, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32196623

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Uric acid is considered a biomarker for cardiovascular risk. Only a few studies have investigated the effect of aspirin on serum uric acid (SUA) levels with contradictory results. The present study evaluated the effect of aspirin on SUA levels in Chinese individuals over 60 years of age. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Subjects over 60 with coronary artery disease or multiple cardiovascular risk factors were enrolled in a multicentre randomized clinical trial. Eligible subjects were randomized to receive 50 mg or 100 mg aspirin daily. Levels of arachidonic acid-induced platelet aggregation performed by light transmission aggregometry (LTA-AA) and SUA were measured at randomization and two weeks thereafter. In this subanalysis, subjects without aspirin use prior to enrolment were chosen. RESULTS: A total of 446 subjects were analysed, of which 151 subjects took 50 mg aspirin, and 295 took 100 mg aspirin. Hyperuricaemia was present in 23.3% (104/446) of subjects at baseline. LTA-AA levels were significantly reduced in subjects after taking aspirin for two weeks (both 50 mg and 100 mg, p < 0.001). SUA levels were decreased after aspirin administration (311 µmol/L vs. 302 µmol/L, p < 0.001). Further analysis showed SUA levels were unchanged in normouricaemic subjects (284 µmol/L vs. 280 µmol/L, p > 0.05), while slightly decreased in hyperuricaemic subjects (429 µmol/L vs. 392 µmol/L, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that both 50 mg and 100 mg aspirin significantly inhibited platelet aggregation. Aspirin treatment for two weeks showed no hyperuricaemic effect in people over 60. SUA levels were unchanged after taking aspirin in normouricaemic subjects but decreased in hyperuricaemic subjects. This trial was registered at www. chictr.org.cn as ChiCTR1800018517.

19.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(2): 139-144, 2020 Feb 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135649

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the prognostic factors of T1-2N0M0 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) treated with definitive radiotherapy. Methods: The clinical data of 196 patients with T1-2N0M0 ESCC who were treated with definitive radiotherapy in 10 hospitals were retrospectively analyzed. All sites were members of Jing-Jin-Ji Esophageal and Esophagogastric Cancer Radiotherapy Oncology Group (3JECROG). Radiochemotherapy were applied to 78 patients, while the other 118 patients received radiotherapy only. 96 patients were treated with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) and 100 treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). The median dose of plan target volume(PTV) and gross target volume(GTV) were both 60 Gy. The median follow-up time was 59.2 months. Log rank test and Cox regression analysis were used for univariat and multivariate analysis, respectively. Results: The percentage of normal lung receiving at least 20 Gy (V(20)) was (18.65±7.20)%, with average dose of (10.81±42.05) Gy. The percentage of normal heart receiving at least 30 Gy (V(30)) was (14.21±12.28)%. The maximum dose of exposure in spinal cord was (39.65±8.13) Gy. The incidence of radiation pneumonia and radiation esophagitis were 14.80%(29/196) and 65.82%(129/196), respectively. The adverse events were mostly grade 1-2, without grade 4 toxicity. Median overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 70.1 months and 62.3 months, respectively. The 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rates of all patients were 75.1%、57.4% and 53.2%, respectively. The 1-, 3- and 5-year PFS rates were 75.1%、57.4% and 53.2%, respectively. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that patients'age (HR=1.023, P=0.038) and tumor diameter (HR=1.243, P=0.028)were the independent prognostic factors for OS, while tumor volume were the independent prognostic factor for PFS. Conclusions: Definitive radiotherapy is a promising therapeutic method in patients with T1-2N0M0 ESCC. Patients' age, tumor diameter and tumor volume may impact patients' prognosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/radioterapia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/radioterapia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Quimiorradioterapia , Relação Dose-Resposta à Radiação , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , Humanos , Prognóstico , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Radioterapia Conformacional , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(6): 437-441, 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32146766

RESUMO

Objective: To study the efficacy and safety of Balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Methods: Patients who were diagnosed CTEPH in China-Japan Friendship Hospital from Feb 2018 to Sep 2019 were evaluated. The ineligibility for pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) and the indication for BPA were decided on the basis of a consensus among the multidisciplinary team for all CTEPH patients. 6-min walk distance (6MWD), the plasma level of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), mixed venous oxygen saturation, mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP), cardiac index (CI) and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) were collected and analyzed before the first and the last BPA session. Results: A total of 67 BPA sessions were performed for 302 subsegmental pulmonary arteries in 25 inoperable CTEPH patients. 10 males (40.0%) and 15 females (60.0%), with the age of (57.8±7.1) years old. The median interval between CTEPH diagnosis and first BPA was 20.0 (9.0, 48.5) months. 18 patients were received more than 2 BPA sessions, the median follow-up time was 5.0 (3.5, 8.3) months. 6MWD, CI and the mixed venous oxygen saturation were significant improved after BPA [(425±74) vs (345±109) m, (1.99±0.45) vs (1.62±0.35) L·min(-1)·m(-2), (68.1%±6.5%) vs (61.2%±6.3%)](all P<0.05). The plasma level of NT-proBNP, mPAP and PVR were significantly decreased after BPA [259 (93, 739) vs 806 (148, 2 159) ng/L, (40.6±8.3) vs (47.3±10.7) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), (11.9±4.9) vs (17.2±6.5) WU (1 WU=80 dyn·s·cm(-5))](all P<0.05). Hemoptysis occurred in 5 sessions (7.5%) and reperfusion pulmonary edema (RPE) occurred in 2 sessions (1.5%), 1 patient needed non-invasive mechanical ventilation because of RPE, 1 patient died from right heart failure caused by hemoptysis during perioperative period. Conclusions: BPA can significantly improve the exercise tolerance and hemodynamic parameters for inoperable CTEPH patients, the risks of BPA are acceptable. BPA is an effective and relatively safe treatment for inoperable CTEPH patients.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão , Hipertensão Pulmonar , Embolia Pulmonar , China , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Pulmonar
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